Skip to main content

Full text of "The early Germans of New Jersey : their history, churches, and genealogies."

See other formats






History,  Churches  and  GEN£alogies 


Digitized  by  the  Internet  Archive 

in  2010  with  funding  from 

Lyrasis  Members  and  Sloan  Foundation 






History,  Churches  and  Genealogies 



This  work  is  the  result  of  an  attempt  to  discover  the  exact 
time  of  the  first  settlement  of  New  Jersey  by  people  of  the 
German  race.  It  is  believed  that  this  fact  has  been  ascertained 
with  sufficient  certainty.  Between  1710  and  17 13  nearly  all 
palatines,  who  have  left  any  trace  of  their  presence,  began  to 
arrive  in  the  State  and  to  fulfill  their  important  part  in  the 
upbuilding  of  this  commonwealth. 

In  the  course  of  this  investigation  extending,  as  it  needs 
must  do,  in  so  many  directions  and  having  to  do  with  so  many 
records,  a  large  amount  of  valuable  material  would  naturally 
accumulate.  This  has  appeared  to  the  author  to  be  worth  pre- 
serving, even  though  the  labor  and  expense  and  risk  of  so  large 
a  book  would  be  required  for  that  purpose. 

In  tracing  the  families  of  the  early  settlers  resort  has  been 
had  to  the  records  at  Newton,  Belvidere,  Flemington,  Somer- 
ville  and  Morristown.  Every  one  of  the  62  books  of  wills  at 
Trenton  was  examined  separately.  The  church  records  of 
Stillwater,  German  Valley,  New  Germantown,  Lebanon  and 
Mount  Pleasant,  were  carefully  compiled.  To  gather  addi- 
tional data  the  inscriptions  in  31  cemeteries  from  Newton  to 
Flemington,  including  those  of  Lamington,  Bedminster  and 
Somerville,  were  copied.  Every  county,  church  and  family 
history  procurable  was  consulted,  and  on  this  account  the 
writer  feels  warranted  in  saying  that  the  genealogies  are  as 
complete  and  accurate  as  they  can  be  made. 

The  families  represented  in  the  genealogies  are  more  or  less 
complete  according  to  the  circumstances  of  the  case,  but  all  the 
information  has  been  given  with  regard  to  each  family  that 

vi  Preface. 

could  be  found  by  careful  and  continued  inquiry. 

All  wbo  have  ever  attempted  genealogical  researches  will 
readily  understand  how  impossible  it  is  to  ever  attain  either 
perfect  completeness  or  perfect  accuracy. 

The  map  of  Washing-ton  township,  the  author's  own  handi- 
work, is  believed  to  be  substantially  accurate.  Of  course,  as 
every  surveyor  knows,  hardly  any  of  the  early  surveys  will 
bear  mapping  without  alterations,  such  as  actual  surveys  show 
to  be  necessary. 

The  illustrations  are  in  every  case  the  best  that  could  be 
procured.  The  work  of  the  Central  Bureau  of  Engraving  has 
been  surprisingly  excellent.  In  some  cases  the  photographs, 
from  which  the  photo-engravings  were  made,  were  either  very 
poor  when  originally  taken,  or  discolored  and  marred  by  age. 

Mr.  E.  W.  Rush,  of  Glen  Gardner,  is  the  engraver  of  the 
following  cuts  :  The  churches  of  New  Germantown,  Fair- 
mount,  Lower  Valley,  Califon  and  Mount  Olive. 

In  common  with  every  one  who  undertakes  to  investigate 
the  history  of  Morris  county,  the  writer  owes  more  than  he  can 
adequately  express  to  the  two  gentlemen  of  Morristown  who 
have  been  frequently  associated  in  the  preparation  and  publi- 
cation of  valuable  historical  records.  Of  course  I  refer  to  the 
Hon.  E.  D.  Halsey  and  Mr.  William  Ogden  Wheeler,  of  Mor- 
ristown. The  very  large  and  most  complete  collection  of 
material  for  the  history  not  only  of  the  county  but  also  of  the 
State,  which  they  have  so  kindly  placed  at  the  author's  com- 
mand, has  been  of  the  very  greatest  value  to  the  writer. 

All  who  are  at  all  interested  in  the  history  of  the  palatine 
emigration  either  into  New  York  or  New  Jersey,  owe  a  debt 
of  gratitude  to  Mr.  Samuel  Burhans,  of  New  York  City,  for 
rendering  accessible  the  large  number  of  German  church 
records,  especially  those  belonging  to  the  valleys  of  the  Hud- 
son and  Mohawk. 

Dr.  Henry  Race,  of  Pittstown,  N.  J.,  has  most  kindly  granted 
the  aid  of  his  skill  and  experience  in  historical  work.  Mr.  B. 
Van  Doren  Fisher,  of  New  York,  has  enabled  the  writer  to  use 
the  results  of  his  invaluable  labors,  especially  in  the  matter  of 
family  genealogies  and  the  copying  of  archives. 

Preface.  vii 

Mr.  E.  Y.  Taylor,  of  Philadelphia,  formerly  of  German  Val- 
ley, kindly  loaned  the  field  books,  maps  and  other  papers  of  the 
surveyor,  John  Rockhill,  who  lived  one  hundred  and  thirty 
years  ago.  By  the  aid  of  these  certain  important  facts  were 
established,  which  would  otherwise  have  remained  in  complete 

Mr.  Augustus  Dellicker,  of  Hackettstown,  allowed  the  use 
of  Caleb  Valentine's  papers,  containing  maps  and  surveys 
which  could  be  procured  no  where  else.  The  late  Theodore 
Naughright  and  William  S.  Cary  and  son,  Lewis,  have  taken 
the  most  generous  interest  in  the  writer's  labors  and  have  given 
him  the  full  benefit  of  their  extensive  experience  as  surveyors. 

Mr.  Frank  E.  Everett,  the  capable  editor  of  the  Dover 
Iron  Era,  from  whose  office  the  present  work  is  issued,  has 
given  to  this  book  the  benefit  of  his  excellent  taste  and  matured 

The  delay  in  publication  may  be  easily  explained  to  those 
who  understand  the  unexpected  difficulties  involved  in  the  verv 
nature  of  genealogical  work. 

The  German  edition  of  the  Hallesche  Nachrichten,  (Allen- 
town,  Pa.,  1883),  is  the  principal  authority  for  the  early  history 
of  the  Lutheran  churches  in  New  Jersey. 

To  the  Presbyterian  congregation,  of  German  Valley,  of 
which  the  author  has  the  honor  to  be  the  pastor,  is  due  un- 
stinted praise  for  their  intelligent  co-operation  in  an  undertak- 
ing, which,  without  their  help  and  approval,  could  not  have 
been  prosecuted  to  a  successful  issue. 



Chapter   I.  The  Celebration i 

II.  Our  German  Forefathers a 

III.  The  Moravians 16 

IV.  The  German  Emigration 25 

V.  The  German  Immigrants 34 

VI.  Early  Church  History 45 

VII.  Rev.' Carl  Rudolph 58 

VIII.  Rev.  John  Albert  Weygand 63 

IX.  Rev.  Ludolph  Heinrich  Schrenck 72 

X.  The  Muhlenbergs 74 

XI.  New  Germantown  and  German  Valley 82 

XII.  The  German  Reformed 95 

XIII.  Fairmount  Presbyterian  Church 126 

XIV.  Reformed  Church  of  Lebanon 137 

XV.  Settlers  of  Upper  German  Valley 141 

XVI.  Settlers  of  German  Valley 146 

XVII.  Settlers  of  Lower  Valley 158 

XVIII.  Settlers  of  Unionville 165 

XIX.  Settlers  of  Schooley's  Mountain 169 

XX.  Schooley's  Mountain   Presbyterian  Church....  181 

XXI.  Presbyterian  Church  of  Pleasant  Grove 185 

XXII.  Settlers  of  Tewksbury  Township 194 

XXIII.  Settlers  from  Southold  and  Southampton 199 

XXIV.  Chester  Congregational  Church 209 

XXV.  Chester  Presbyterian  Church 214 

XXVI.  Spruce  Run— "  Swake  "— Clarksville  Lutheran 

Churches 221 



Abel  227;  Adams  229;  Aller  230;  Alpock  231;  Ammerman 
234 ;  Anthony  235  ;  Apgar  236  ;  Appelman  243  ;  Aree  243  ; 
Ayres  244  ;  Axford  248. 

Baldwin  249  ;  Bale  250  ;  Banghart  250  ;  Barkman  251  ;  Bartles 
252 ;  Bartley  254  ;  Batson  255  ;  Beam  256 ;  Beatty  258 ; 
Beavers  260  ;  Bell  261  ;  Bellis  or  Bellowsfelt  262  ;  Bernhard 
264 ;  Berger  264  ;  Bird  265  ;  Bloom  266  ;  Bodine  267  ;  Bow- 
man 269  ;  Brown  273  ;  Buchanan  273  ;  Budd  274  ;  Bulmer 
377  ;  Bunn  278  ;  Busenberry  280. 

Carhart  280 ;  Carlisle  283  ;  Case  284  ;  Castner  288  ;  Chambers 
290;  Coleman  294;  Colver  297;  Condict  299;  Cool  299; 
Cooner  too;  Corwin  %o%  ;  Cosad  308  ;  Couse  310  ;  Craig  311; 

Cramer  312  ;  v^i<*  jij  ,  wcjm  ji«  ,  v^ummms"  j*/. 
Dallicker  320  ;  Davis  321  ;   Deats  or  Teats  322  ;   DeCue  323  ; 

DeCamp  326  ;  DeRose  327  ;  Dickerson  328;  Dierdorff  331  ; 

Dilts  332  ;  Dorland  335  ;  Drake  335  ;  Dufford  342. 
Eckel  345  ;    Ege  345  ;   Eich  348  ;    Emmons  350  ;   Engell  351  ; 

Faircloe  352  ;  Farley  352  ;  Farrow  357  ;  Feit  358  ;  Felmley  358; 

Fields  359;  Fisher  360  ;  Fleming  371  ;  Flock  372  ;  Flumer- 

velt  374  ;  Folk  375  ;  Force  375  ;  Fox  376  ;  Frace  377;  Frel- 

inghuysen  378  ;  Frey  385  ;  Fritts  385  ;  Frone  386. 
Gray        ;  Griffiths  387  ;  Gulick  387. 
Hager  388  ;  Haines  394  ;  Hance  395  ;  Hann  397  ;  Hartram  398  ; 

Heath   398  ;    Heaton   400 ;    Hedges   400  ;    Hendershot  401  ; 

Henderson  402  ;   Henry   403  ;    Hildebrant  404  ;   Hiler  405  ; 
Hilts  405  ;   Hockenbury  406  ;   Hoffman  406  ;  Honness  416  ; 

Hoppock  416  ;  Horton  417  ;  Howell  421  ;  Hummer  425  ;  Hunt 

Iliff  426. 
Kelsey  427  ;  Kemple  427  ;  Kern  429  ;  Kester  429  ;  Kice  430  ; 

King  431  ;  Kinnan  432  ;  Kline  432. 
LaGrange  434;  Lake  435  ;  Lance  436  ;  Larason  437;  Lawrence 

439;  Leek  442  ;  Lerch  442  ;  Lindabury  443  ;  Lomerson  445  ; 

Lucas  446  ;  Luse  447. 

Martinus  447;  Messlar  447;  Mettler  448  ;  Miller  448  ;  Ming  449; 
Moore  449. 

Neighbor  450  ;  Neitser  452  ;  Nicholas  454  ;  Nurm  455. 

Ogden  455  ;  Ort  458  ;  Overton  458. 

Pace  459  ;  Parker  460  ;  Pew  460  ;  Philhower  460  ;  Pickle  46s  ; 
Pool  464  ;  Potter  464. 

Race  465  ;  Rarick  466  ;  Raub  467  ;  Rawling  467  ;  Read  467  ; 
Reed  468  ;  Reeves  468  ;  Reger  469  ;  Rhinehart  470  ;  Ritten- 
house  471  ;  Roberts  471  ;  Robertson  472  ;  Rockafellow  472  ; 
Roelofson  473  ;  Runyon  474  ;  Rusling  476. 

Salmon  476  ;  Salter  477  ;  Schenkel  478  ;  Schleicher  479  ; 
Schooler  480  ;  Schuyler  482  ;  Swartzwelder  483  ;  Seals  484  ; 
Seifers  485  ;  Seward  485  ;  Shafer  486  ;  Sharp  or  Sharpenstine 
486  ;  Sherwood  492  ;  Shipman  492  ;  Shirts  493 ;  Shultz  494  ; 
Silverthorn  494  ,  Skellenger  494  ;  Skinner  496  ;  Slaght  497  ; 
Smith  498  ;  Snook  502  ;  Snyder  503  ;  Sovereen  504  ;  Stark 
505  ;  Stein  505  ;  Stephens  505  ;  Stiger  507;  Streit  508;  Struble 
508;  Stryker  510;  Sutphin  511;  Sutton  512;  Swackhamer 
517;  Swarts5i9;  Swazey5i9. 

Teel  524;  Teeple  524;  Terry  525  ;  Terryberry  526;  Thomas 
527;  Tiger  528;  Titman  528;  Todd  530;  Topping  532;  Trim- 
mer 533. 

Van  Atta  539  ;  Van  Buskirk  541  ;  Van  Fleet  541  ;  Van  Home 
544  ;  Van  Nest  545  ;  Van  Pelt  546  ;  Van  Sickle  547  ;  Van 
Vechten  548  ;  Vernoy  550  ;  Vescelius  551  ;  Vogt  552  ;  Vosler 

Wack  553  ;  Waldorf  554  ;  Walters  555  ;  Ward  556  ;  Waer  556  ; 
Weise  557  ;  Welsch  558  ;  Weller  560  ;  Werts  561  ;  Wildrick 
567  ;  Wiley  567  ;  Willett  568  ;  Wills  569  ;  Wintermute  570  ; 
Wire  571  ;  Wolf  572  ;  Woodhull  573  ;  Wortman  574. 

Yawger  576  ;  Youngs  576. 



Corrections  and  Additions  to  Genealogies. 

Apgar,  Bodine,  Crater,  Cregar,  Dallicker  583  ;  Eich,  Fisher, 

Hager,  Hann,  Martinus,  McLean  584;  Mellick  585  ;  Muehlen- 

ber£  S87  ;  Naughright  590  ;  Runkle  591. 

Contents.  xi 


Blauvelt,  Bolton,  Campbell,  Chambers,  597;  Clark,  Collins 
(B.  B.),  Collins  (G.  S.),  Davis,  598;  Davison,  Delp,  Denton, 
Depue,  Deyo,  Diener,  599  ;  Duy,  Fox,  Gibson,  Glen,  600;  Harker, 
Hendricks,  Hiller,  601  ;  Hunt,  Husted,  Hutton,  602  ;  Mulford, 
Keiser,  603  ;  Klink,  Knox,  Krechting,  Lane,  Linnell,  Long,  604  ; 
McClenaghan,  McConnell,  Megie,  Mewhinney,  605  ;  Mills,  Nich- 
olson, Pohlman,  Roe,  Ruston,  606 ;  Sawyer,  Scofield,  607  ; 
Schultz,  Scott,  Smith  (B.),  608;  Smith  (G.  W.),  Smythe,  609; 
Steele,  Stephens,  Travers,  Van  Benschoten,  Vandervoort,  610; 
Vermilye,  Voorhees,  Wack,  Wood,  611. 

Mount  Olive  Churches 612 

Churches  of  Flanders 619 

The  "Old  Straw"  Lutheran  Church  at  Phillipsburg 625 


The  German  Reformed. 

Ringoes,  Mt.  Pleasant,  Knowlton,  Stillwater 627 

Lists  of  Names. 
Persons  Naturalized,  Settlers  on  "  Society  Lands,"  Signers 
to  Weygand's  Call,  Customers  of  German  Valley  store- 
keeper, 1763 632 

Public  Institutions  and  Improvements 638 


Vmw  of  German  Valley Frontispiece. 


Rev.  Henry  Melchior  Muhlenberg,  D.  D * 

Old  Union  Church  of  German  Valley 5 

Rev.  E.  B.  England  and  Rev.  T.  F.  White,  D  D 10 

Rev.  T.  W.  Chambers,  D.  D.,  L.L.D.,  and  Henry  Race,  M.  D 15 

New  Germantown  Lutheran  Church 2° 

Rev.  E.  M.  Muhlenberg,  D.  D.  (2)  and  Rev.  Major  Gen.  J.  P.  G.  Muh- 


Rev.  E.  L.  Hazeltos,  D.  D.,  and  Rev.  G.  H.  E.  Muhlenberg,  D.  D 30 

Rev.  Alfred  Hiller,  D.  D.,  and  Rev.  H.  N.  Pohlman,  D.  D 35 

Rev.  J.  C.  Dut  and  Rev.  J.  F.  Diener *° 

.Rev.  James  R.  Keiser  and  Rev.  Valentine  F.  Bolton 45 

The  Lutheran  Church  of  German  Valley 5° 

Rev.  B.  B.  Collins  and  Rev.  Ephraim  Deyo  5s 

Rev.  W.  B.  Delp  and  Rev.  J.  P.  Krechting 6° 

The  Presbyterian  Church  of  German  Valley 95 

Rev.  John  C.  Vandervoort  and  Rev.  Chalmers  D.  Chapman 100 

Rev.  James  Scott,  D.  D.,  and  Rev.  William  R.  Glen 105 

Rev.  Robert  G.  Vebmilye,  D.  D.,  and  Rev.  Mancius  S.  Hutton,  D.  D..  110 

Rev.  I.  Alsttne  Blauvelt  and  Rev.  E.  P.  Linnell 115 

Rev.  James  H.  M.  Knox,  D.  D.,  and  Rev.  H.  M.  Voorhees 120 

Rev.  Theodore  Freltnghuysen  Chambers I*2 

The  Fairmount  Presbyterian  Church ""* 

Rev.  John  R.  Willox  and  Rev.  Nathaniel  B.  Kline 130 

Rev.  Titus  E.  Davts  and  Rev.  William  O.  Ruston,  D.  D 135 

Rev.  Charles  Wood,  D.  D.,  and  Rev.  Edwin  W.  Long 1*0 

The  Lebanon  Reformed  Chubch 145 

Illustrations.  xiii 

Rev.  Robert  Van  Amburgh  and  Rev.  W.  E.  Davis  150 

The  Presbyterian  Church  of  LowerValley 15J 

Rev.  John  Reed,  D.  D.,  and  Rev.  w!  J.  Henderson 160 

Rev.  James  R  Gibson  and  Rev.  Alfred  Nicholson 165 

The  M.  E.  Church  of  Califon 167 

The  Schoolet's  Mountain  Church 170 

Rev.  William  J.  Gill,  D.  D.,  and  Rev.  C.  S.  Osborn 175 

Rev.  Hdqh  Smythe  and  Rev.  William  J.  Mewhinney 180 

Pleasant  Grove  Presbyterian  Church 185 

Rev.  Joseph  Campbell,  D.  D.,  and  Rev.  Burtis  C.  Meole,  D.  D 188 

Rev.  H.  W.  Hunt  and  Rev.  Samuel  Sawyer 191 

Rev.  Samuel  J.  McClenaqhan  and  Rev.  James  H.  Clark 194 

Rev.  Moses  A.  Depue  and  Rev.  Gilbert  Lane 198 

The  Congregational  Church  of  Chester 200 

Rev.  Abner  Morse  and  Rev.  Luke  I.  Stoutenburgh 205 

Rev.  B.  P.  Bradford  and  Rev.  P.  A.  Johnson 209 

The  Presbyterian  Church  of  Chester 213 

Rev.  G.  M.  S.  Blauvelt , 217 

Rev.  James  Brewster  and  Rev.  Frank  M.  Kerr 220 

The  Spruce  Run  Lutheran  Church  225 

Rev.  Chester  H.  Travers  and  Rev.  David  Kline 230 

The  Glen  Gardner  Lutheran  Church 235 

Levi  Farrow,  M.  D.,  and  Rev.  G.  W.  Smith 357 

Gen.  Fred.  Frelinghuysen  and  Gov.  George  T.  Werts 380 

Hon.  Theo.  Frelinghuysen  and  Hon.  Fred.  Frelinghuysen 385 

Jacob  W.  Miller 448 

Mount  Olive  Presbyterian  Church 612 

Rev.  John  H.  Scofteld  and  Rev.  David  James 615 

Rev.  0.  H.  Perry  Deyo  and  Rev.  Daniel  W.  Fox 620 

Flanders  Presbyterian  Church 625 

Rev.  John  N.  Husted  and  Rev.  Baker  Smith 630 

Rev.  Thornton  A.  Mills  and  Rev.  G.  H.  Stephens 635 

The  M.  E.  Church  of  Flanders 640 

Rev.  Manning  Force  and  Rev.  William  Stout 645 


Washington  Township,  opposite  page uq 

Allen  and  Turner  Tract    "         "    162 

New  Germantown  in  1755     "  "     194 








OCTOBER     3ist,    1893 









'i   HE  Centennial  Celebration  held  at  German 

Valley  upon  October  31st,  1893,  was  of 
such  peculiar  interest  and  attended  with 
such  notable  success,  that  it  may  well 
deserve  special  notice  in  any  history  of 
the  events  which  it  was  held  to  com- 

The  day  selected  was  Reformation  Day,  the  anniversary  of 
the  nailing  of  the  theses  by  Luther  upon  the  church  door  at 

We  quote  from  the  local  press  the  following  account  of  the 
events  of  the  day  and  the  impression  they  produced  upon  those 
who  were  present. 

The  Iron  Era,  of  Dover,  had  the  following  : 
"  The  little  village  of  German  Valley  was  alive  with  life  and 
energy  on  Tuesday  when  a  representative  of  the  Era  arrived 
there,  and  the  latch  strings  of  every  house  hung  out  to  those 
sturdy,  intelligent  and  prosperous  descendants  of  the  first 
Teutons  who  came  to  this  fertile  and  beautiful  valley  nearly  two 
centuries  ago,  and  who  had  come  to  celebrate  the  one  hundred 
and  eightieth  anniversary  of  the  arrival  of  the  first  wanderers 
from  Fatherland.  The  weather  was  perfect.  It  was  one  of 
those  charming  October  days  that  make  the  month  one  of  the 
most  delightful  of  the  year.  The  carpeting  of  the  valley  was 
still  green,  the  touch  of  the  frost  not  having  yet  turned  it  to 
gray,  and  the  hills  were  bright  in  their  clothing  of  red  and  rus- 
set and  yellow,  relieving  the  cold  dead  drab  of  the  rocks  and 

2  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

stones.  The  visitors  began  arriving  early  and  every  available 
tie  post  in  the  village  was  needed  for  their  teams,  and  the  trains 
brought  many  more.  It  was  a  success.  In  fact  it  could  hardly 
be  anything  else.  With  the  evident  care  and  labor  exercised 
with  regard  to  the  music  and  the  selection  of  speakers,  one 
could  be  at  no  loss  to  explain  the  great  pleasure  afforded  to 
the  large  and  intelligent  audiences  which  assembled  at  both 
afternoon  and  evening  services. 

"  It  was  half -past  three  when  the  afternoon  proceedings 
began  in  the  Presbyterian  Church.  The  church  was  tastefully 
decorated.  In  front  of  the  pulpit  the  altar  was  banked  with 
chrysanthemums  and  the  red,  white  and  black  of  the  fatherland 
was  draped  gracefully  over  the  desk.  From  the  arch  of  the 
pulpit  recess  the  national  colors  were  prettily  hung,  and  all 
around  the  room  groups  of  the  American  flag  were  placed. 
From  the  centre  of  the  pulpit  arch  a  floral  bell  was  suspended 
with  the  date  1743  in  green  figures,  flanked  on  either  side  by  the 
dates  1 7 13  and  1893.  Tropical  plants  lent  the  beauty  of  their 
green  luxuriance  in  contrast  to  the  bright  colors  of  the  bunting, 
and  the  committee  who  had  charge  of  the  decorations  are  to  be 
comr"  ended  for  their  taste. 

"  It  was  expected  that  Hon.  Jonathan  W.  Roberts,  President 
of  the  Washington  Association  of  New  Jersey,  would  preside, 
but  he  was  detained  by  business  from  being  present,  and  Rev. 
T.  F.  Chambers  took  his  place.  After  an  anthem  by  the  choir 
Rev.  V.  F.  Bolton,  of  Glen  Gardner,  invoked  the  divine  blessing. 
The  orator  of  the  afternoon  was  Rev.  E.  B.  England,  of  Chester, 
whose  eloquence  and  ability  are  so  well  known  to  readers  of 
the  Era  that  the  announcement  that  he  will  deliver  an  address 
carries  with  it  a  desire  to  hear  him.  His  theme  was  "  Chris- 
topher Columbus,  the  First  Emigrant,"  and  he  spoke  with  his 
usual  grace  of  oratory  and  charm  of  rhetoric.  "  The  Obliga- 
tions of  Protestantism  to  Martin  Luther,"  was  the  subject  of  a 
well  written  paper  by  Rev.  Dr.  Theo.  F.  White,  of  Summit, 
Chairman  of  the  Committee  on  History  of  the  Presbytery  of 
Morris  and  Orange,  and  the  ripe  scholarship  of  the  distinguished 
divine  was  shown  in  the  preparation  of  this  paper.  An  address 
on  "  Our  German  Forefathers  "  by  Rev.  Talbot  W.  Chambers, 

The  Celebration  3 

D.  D.,  LL.  D.,  ended  the  literary  part  of  the  afternoon  proceed- 
ings. It  was  one  of  those  charming  little  talks  that  "  come  like 
the  benediction  that  follows  after  prayer."  Dr.  Chambers  is  a 
man  of  profound  learning,  and  yet  has  the  happy  faculty  of 
getting  in  touch  with  his  hearers.  There  is  nothing  of  the 
pedant  about  him,  and  the  simplicity  of  his  address  was  as 
charming  as  its  matter  was  interesting. 

"  In  the  evening  the  proceedings  were  in  the  Lutheran 
Church  and  opened  with  an  anthem  by  the  choir.  The  decora- 
tions were  very  neat  and  appropriate.  The  church  itself  is  a 
model  of  neatness  and  its  pure  white  wall  sets  off  very 
effectively  the  simplest  decorations.  It  was  a  happy  idea  to 
present  a  Bible  chained  to  a  table  as  a  forcible  suggestion  of  the 
vast  changes  in  religious  opportunity  which  have  taken  place 
since  ancient  days.  It  would  have  been  a  great  mistake  to  omit 
from  the  proceedings  some  account  of  the  interesting  community 
who  once  formed  a  most  unique  settlement  at  Hope,  WaiTen 
County.  Dr.  Race's  paper  upon  Greenland  in  New  Jersey,  or 
the  Moravians,  was  carefully  prepared  and  most  complete  and 
reliable.  This  is  true  of  all  the  work  of  this  gentleman,  whose 
kindness  in  so  ably  representing  the  Historical  Societies  of  the 
State  and  Hunterdon  County,  was  fully  appreciated. 

"The  Rev.  Dr.  Hiller,  professor  of  theology  at  Hartwick 
Seminary,  in  New  York  State,  gave  an  extended  account  of  the 
Lutheran  Church  in  New  Jersey  in  its  threefold  character,  as 
constituted  of  Swedes  in  South  Jersey,  Low  Dutch  in  Bergen 
County  and  High  Dutch  or  Germans  in  Western  New  Jersey. 
His  address  was  delivered  in  a  forcible  and  lively  manner  and 
was  interspersed  with  amusing  anecdotes  and  interesting  inci- 

"  Rev.  William  E.  Davis  spoke  briefly  but  to  the  point,  and 
in  a  very  happy  way  presented  the  relations  of  the  Germans  to 
the  Reformed  Dutch  Church,  to  which  he  himself  belonged. 

"The  last  subject  of  a  program  remarkable  for  its  complete- 
ness, was  the  German  Reformed  Church  which  was  to  be  pre- 
sented by  Rev.  T.  F.  Chambers.  He  excused  himself  from 
entering  upon  his  theme  at  so  late  an  hour. 

"The  whole  proceedings  were  worthy  of  the  occasion  and 

4  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

add  new  laurels  to  the  well-earned  reputation  for  historic  zeal 
of  Morris  County.  The  careful  preparations  for  the  complete 
presentation  of  the  history  of  the  German  part  of  our  population 
demonstrate  a  high  degree  of  intelligence  on  the  part  of  the 
village  of  German  Valley. 

"  The  Secretary  of  the  Committee  and  the  Committee,  under 
whose  authority  he  acted,  and  by  whom  he  was  so  heartily 
supported,  the  speakers,  whose  careful  preparation  and  unques- 
tioned ability  were  so  fully  displayed  ;  the  ladies  of  the  decora- 
tion committee,  whose  refinement  of  taste  was  to  be  seen  on  all 
sides,  and  the  inhabitants  in  general,  whose  cordial  hospitality 
was  enjoyed  by  the  visitors,  may  all  alike  rejoice  in  the  success 
of  an  occasion  which  will  mark  an  era  in  the  history  of  the 

"  It  was  a  very  gratifying  feature  of  the  occasion  to  find  the 
two  churches  of  the  village  co-operating  apparently  without  the 
slightest  hitch  or  jar  in  the  services  of  the  day.  We  were 
informed  that  the  expenses  of  the  occasion  were  met  by  private 
subscription,  and  one  could  not  but  wonder  how  so  large  and 
representative  a  celebration  could  be  conceived  and  successfully 
carried  out  by  a  rural  village  with  limited  facilities  for  travel 
and  for  entertainment.  The  Washington  Association  of  New 
Jersey  are  a  most  respectable  body  to  whom  the  whole  county 
are  deeply  indebted  for  their  patriotic  work  with  reference  to 
the  admirably  arranged  Headquarters  at  our  county  town,  but 
we  venture  to  affirm  that  they  honored  themselves  not  less  than 
the  people  of  German  Valley,  by  being  so  well  represented  upon 
this  occasion. 

"  We  only  voice  the  sentiment  of  every  visitor,  when  we  say 
that  for  once  at  least  one  of  the  smallest  of  our  country  villages 
has  "  set  the  pace"  in  celebrations  for  the  rest  of  the  county. 
The  tasteful  decorations  of  the  Stephens  Steam  Heater  Company 
and  of  the  store  of  Lyman  Kice  are  worthy  of  special  notice. 
The  colored  lights  on  Mr.  Naughright's  residence  produced  a 
very  pretty  effect  at  night.  We  noticed  the  presence  of  the 
Hon.  H.  O.  Marsh,  President  of  the  National  Iron  Bank,  of 
Morristown,  of  the  Rev.  Wynant  Vanderpool,  rector  of  St. 
Peter's  Episcopal  Church  at  Morristown,  also  of  G.  G.  Kip,  Mr. 

The  Celebration  5 

Ford,  P.  H.  Hoffman  and  W.  Ogden  Wheeler  of  the  same  place. 
Mr.  Fred.  H.  Beach  and  Mr.  Fred.  A.  Canfield,  of  Dover,  were 
also  present.  Rev.  William  M.  Wells  and  his  elder  Hiram 
Fisher,  from  the  United  First  Church,  of  Amwell  ;  Rev.  B.  V. 
D.  Wyckoff  and  Mr.  Schomp  from  Readington  ;  Rev.  T.  E. 
Davis,  of  Bound  Brook  ;  Rev.  I.  Alstyne  Blauvelt,  of  Roselle  ; 
Rev.  J.  H.  Scofield,  of  Mt.  Olive  ;  Rev.  James  R.  Gibson,  of 
Califon  ;  Rev.  William  Stout,  of  Flanders,  and  many  others  we 
noticed  among  the  visitors.  The  special  train  from  Rockaway 
brought  many  visitors  among  whom  were  Edmund  D.  Halsey 
and  Rev.  Dr.  Stoddard." 

The  Morris  County  Journal  and  The  Jerseyman  both  had 
very  flattering  notices  of  the  Celebration,  and  all  accounts 
seemed  to  agree  in  pronouncing  the  occasion  one  of  great  inter- 
est and  a  most  successful  commemoration  of  truly  memorable 

A  most  pleasing  feature  of  the  occasion  was  a  very  beautiful 
souvenir,  containing  photo-engravings  of  some  of  the  former 
pastors  of  both  churches,  and  also  of  the  old  Union  Church, 
which  was  erected  more  than  one  hundred  years  ago.  It  also 
contained  a  brief  but  comprehensive  account  of  the  early  emi- 
gration from  Germany  into  New  Jersey  and  the  character  of 
the  settlers,  who  thus  added  a  new  element  to  the  already 
cosmopolitan  population  of  the  State. 

Invitations  had  been  sent  to  officers  of  the  Historical  Socie- 
ties, to  ministers,  editors  and  many  others.  These  invitations 
were  neatly  printed  on  card  board  and  enclosed  in  envelopes  to 
match.  The  names  of  the  committee  being  found  on  the 
reverse  side. 

Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 
























h   =   "» 

r   o   " 








































The  Celebration  7 



Hon.  Jonathan  W.  Roberts,  Presiding. 

Anthem "Wake  Song  of  Jubilee" 


Rev.  V.  F.  Bolton,  Glen  Gardner,  N.  J. 

Music "  Wake,  Songs  of  Gladness" 

Oration "  Christopher  Columbus,  the  First  Emigrant" 

Rev.  E.  B.  England,  Chester,  N.  J. 

Music "  Great  God  of  Nations" 

Address "Obligations  of  Protestantism  to  Martin  Luther" 

Rev.  Theo.  F.  White,  D.  D. 

Chairmali  of  Committee  on  History  of  the  Presbytery. 

Music "  The  Hand  that  Led  Our  Fathers  Here" 

Address "Our  German  Forefathers" 

Rev.  Talbot  W.  Chambers,  D.  D.,  LL.  D. 

Senior  Pastor  Collegiate  Reformed  Dutch  Church,  N.  T. 

Music "  Praise  Ye  The  Lord' 



Rev.  William  S.  Delp,  Presiding. 

Organ  Voluntary— Anthem.  . .  "  Praise  the  Lord  O  My  Soul" 


Rev.  James  R.  Gibson. 

Anthem "I  Will  Lift  Mine  Eyes" 

Address "  The  Moravians  of  New  Jersey" 

Henry  Race,  M.  D., 

Member  of  the  New  Jersey  Historical  Society. 

Anthem "  O,  Come  Let  Us  Sing" 

Address "  The  Lutheran  Church  in  New  Jersey" 

Rev.  Alfred  Hiller,  D.  D., 

Professor  in  Hartwick  Seminary,  N.  Y. 

Music     "  Ein  Feste  Burg" 

Address "The  Germans  and  the  Reformed  Dutch  Church" 

Rev.  W.  E.  Davis,  Lebanon,  N.  J. 

Anthem "  Praise  Ye  The  Lord" 

Address "  The  German  Reformed  Church  in  New  Jersey" 

Rev.  T.  F.  Chambers, 

Member  of  New  Jersey  Historical  Society. 

Music "  Selected  ' 

8  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 


E.  M.  Bartles,  Pres't,  Rev.W.  S.  Delp.V.  P.  John  Parker, 
L.  Farrow,  M.  D.        I.  S.  Vescelius,  F.  D.  Stephens, 
Jacob  W.  Welsh,         Jesse  Weise,                 E.  Willet,  M.  D., 
Jesse  Hoffman,           John  Todd,                  J.  V.  Stryker, 
Anthony  Trimmer,     Isaac  Dorland,            L.  R.  Schoenheit, 
Silas  Neighbour,         Elias  Buchanan,  Andrew  Axford, 
Hagar  Trimmer,        Fred.  Sharp,                William  Dufford, 
Philip  Welsh,               M.  T.  Welsh,  Henry  Dufford, 
Isaac  Roelofson,          Elijah  Dufford,           M.  M.  Lindabury, 
C.  B.  Hendershot,       James  Anthony,          Willard  Apgar, 
Wm.  S.  Naughright,  Daniel  Swackhamer,  John  T.  Naughright, 
W.  N.  Swackhamer,    Lyman  Kice,  Sylvester  Lake, 
Abner  Dilts,                Joseph  Apgar,             George  Swackhamer, 

Rev.  T.  F.  Chambers,  Sec'y. 
COMMITTEE  on   music. 

F.  D.  Stephens,  W.  S.  Naughright,       I.  S.  Runyon, 
Theodore  Van  Nest,    Jonathan  Bartley,        A.  P.  Down, 
E.  J.  Neighbour,         William  Dufford. 


Rev.  T.  F.  Chambers,    John  Parker,  Rev.  W.  S.  Delp, 

L.  L.  Rosenkrans,         C.  B.  Hendershot. 

committee  on  finance. 
Elias  M.  Bartles,    Lyman  Kice,    L.  Farrow,  M.  D.    J.  W.  Welsh. 

committee  on  entertainment. 
M-  T.  Welsh,  J.  w.  Willet, 

L.  Richard  Schoenheit,  George  McLean, 

E.  D.  Naughright,  Stewart  Neighbour. 


Miss  Lillie  Hager,  Miss  Annie  Trimmer, 

Miss  Luella  Weise,  Miss  Edith  Schoenheit, 

Mrs.  Jesse  Weise,  Miss  Lydia  Runyon. 

Representative  of  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  Rev.  B.  B.  Collins. 
Representative  of  Knights  of  Pythias,  Hon.  W.  S.  Naughright. 
Representative  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic,  L.  Richard 

The  Celebration  9 

A  very  interesting  feature  of  the  celebration  was  not  on  the 
program.  This  was  a  most  appropriate  and  welcome  address 
from  the  Hon.  H.  W.  Miller,  President  of  the  Morristown  Sav- 
ings Bank.  Mr.  Miller  was  called  upon  on  the  opening  of  the- 
exercises  in  the  afternoon  to  make  some  remarks  in  behalf  of 
the  Washington  Association  of  New  Jersey,  which  had  sent  a 
delegation  of  six  prominent  citizens  of  Morristown  to  represent 
them  on  this  occasion.  His  address  was  as  follows  : 
Mr.  Chairman,  Ladies  and  Gentlemen  : 

I  thank  you  for  the  privilege  and  honor  conferred  upon  me 
to  express  for  the  Washington  Association  of  New  Jersey  its 
appreciation  of  your  courtesy  in  extending  to  it  an  invitation 
to  be  present  to-day  at  this  180th  anniversary  of  the  settlement 
of  New  Jersey  by  the  Germans,  and  the  Sesqui-centennial  of 
German  Valley. 

We,  who  consider  it  our  high  privilege,  as  well  as  our  sacred 
duty  to  guard  and  preserve  the  historic  records  and  relics  of 
the  war  that  gave  to  us  our  glorious  country,  a  country  which 
is  producing  to-day  the  greatest  achievements  of  human  indus- 
try and  thought,  enlightening  the  whole  globe  and  controlling 
the  policies  and  markets  of  every  nation,  we  feel  that  indeed 
we  have  a  high  duty  to  perform,  and  are  encouraged  and  aided 
materially  in  this  duty  by  the  ceremonies  so  well  conceived  and 
carried  out  by  you  to-day,  for  the  very  creditable  purpose  you 
have  in  view.  And  what  better  object  can  we  have  to  call  us 
together,  as  we  have  been  on  this  occasion,  than  that  of  pre- 
serving the  history  of  those  periods  of  our  country's  life  when 
she  was  in  her  infancy  struggling  for  existence,  and  when  her 
people  were  overflowing  with  patriotic  devotion  for  her  welfare. 
In  coming  here  to-day  we  seem  to  have  stepped  within  the 
boundaries  of  an  enchanted  circle,  where,  as  in  the  Sargasso 
Sea,  the  winds  and  storms  and  currents  are  all  quieted  by  a 
peaceful  influence,  and  from  whence  are  bred  again  the  powers 
which  give  life  and  progress  to  the  air,  and  energy  to  the  world. 
For  here  in  this  peaceful  valley,  just  outside  of  the  maelstrom 
which  swept  so  near  its  borders  in  the  War  of  the  Revolution, 
throwing  off  to  it  the  heartrending  and  heartstirring  fragments 
and  again  catching  up  the  zeal  and  energy  of  the  honest  and 

io  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

noble  spirits,  dwelling  in  this  beautiful  valley  and  throwing 
them  with  new-born  energy  into  the  battle  for  liberty,  we  find 
still  at  this  day,  peacefully  dwelling  the  same  families,  the  same 
names,  with  the  same  honesty,  zeal,  religion  and  patriotism, 
ready  to  develop  the  same  energy  with  equal  earnestness,  as  in 
those  trying  times  of  old. 

It  is  with  great  respect  to  you,  Mr.  President,  and  to  the 
Committee,  that  I  thank  you  in  the  name  of  the  Washington 
Association  of  New  Jersey  for  your  courtesy  extended  to  us, 
and  I  regret  exceedingly  the  absence  of  our  distinguished 
President,  not  only  for  his  own  sake,  but  because  he  would 
express  the  mind  of  the  Association  in  far  better  words  than  I 
am  able  to  do. 

May  I  in  my  own  behalf  express  my  heartfelt  gratitude  for 
the  privilege  of  addressing  you  in  these  few  words,  unworthy 
as  the}-  are,  on  this  occasion,  and  on  this  spot,  where  my  ances- 
tors soon  after  their  arrival  in  their  new  country  settled  and 
lived,  and  where  my  father,  so  much  honored  by  you,  was  born, 
and  where  he  received  in  his  boyhood  those  teachings  of  hon- 
esty and  patriotism,  which  he  never  forgot,  and  which  by 
example  and  precept  he  sought  to  use  for  the  benefit  of  his 
fellow  countrymen. 



BY  REV.  TALBOT  W.  CHAMBERS,  D.  D.,  LL.  D. 

[AUL,  the  Apostle,  in  his  epistle  to  the 
Ephesians,  speaking  of  the  work  of  the 
Lord  Jesus  in  breaking  down  the  wall  of 
partition  between  Jews  and  Gentiles,  said 
it  was  for  the  purpose  of  making  "  of  the 
twain  one  new  man,"  better,  far  better 
than  either  was  before  the  reconciliation. 
Applying  this  procedure  on  a  lower  scale,  many  have  supposed 
that  a  similar  result  would  follow  from  the  mixed  population  of 
our  own  country.  The  ancient  Athenians  used  with  pride  to  call 
themselves  autochthones,  sprung  from  the  soil  of  Attica  and  un- 
contaminated  by  the  intermixture  of  an  alien  race.  We  can  make 
no  such  boast,  nor  do  we  desire  to.  Our  people  are  descended 
from  a  number  of  nationalities.  We  count  among  them  English, 
Scotch  and  Irish,  Hollanders  and  Walloons.Huguenots  of  France, 
and  Germans  from  the  Rhine  and  the  Palatinate,  together  with  a 
few  from  Scandinavia  and  from  the  shores  of  the  Mediterranean. 
Each  of  these  for  a  time  kept  separate,  but  commerce,  trade  and 
alliances  of  every  sort  overcame  the  natural  influence  of  dif- 
ferent languages,  customs  and  prejudices  until  the  fusion  was 
made  complete  by  the  common  trials  and  triumphs  of  the  war 
of  the  Revolution.     Hence  it  has  been  claimed  that  in  the  new 

i2  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

world  and  under  the  influence  of  free  institutions  there  has  been 
developed  a  peculiar  type  of  humanity,  blending  in  itself  the 
better  traits  of  each  of  the  races  from  which  it  was  derived. 

Supposing  this  to  be  true  it  may  justly  be  asserted  that 
among  these  elements  composing  the  American  people,  a  high 
place  must  be  assigned  that  which  came  from  Germany,  a  coun- 
try which  from  the  earliest  period  has  maintained  a  definite 
and  strongly  marked  character.  We  are  fortunate  in  having 
from  the  pen  of  the  great  Roman  historian,  Tacitus,  an  account 
which  gives  authentic  information  of  the  tribes  who  eighteen 
centuries  ago  held  the  region  from  the  marches  of  Brandenburg 
to  the  Rhine.  They  were  turbulent  and  adventurous  nomads 
who  wandered  through  the  interminable  forests,  which  covered 
the  whole  region,  and,  while  their  religion  was  mainly  one  of 
fear  and  their  culture  very  limited,  they  had  some  noble 
instincts,  and  were  distinguished  for  their  respect  for  woman, 
their  reverence  for  all  family  relations,  and  their  love  of  per- 
sonal liberty  and  independence.  This  last  mentioned  charac- 
teristic made  them  a  marked  exception  to  the  general  fate  of 
European  tribes,  in  that  they  never  fell  a  prey  to  the  Roman 
arms.  Northern  Italy,  Gaul,  Switzerland,  Spain  and  Britain 
were  in  succession  brought  under  the  sway  of  Rome,  but  Ger- 
many never.  The  attempt  was  often  made  but  without  success, 
and  shortly  before  our  era  Varus,  at  the  head  of  the  flower  of 
the  Imperial  soldiery,  sustained  a  most  disastrous  defeat.  The 
loss  was  so  great  that  it  is  said  the  Emperor  Augustus  tore  his 
hair  in  anguish  and  cried  out,  "  Varus,  Varus,  give  me  back  my 
legions !"  The  leader  of  the  Germans  in  this  conflict  was 
Hermann,  or,  as  the  Romans  called  him,  Arminius,  and  his 
fame  is  perpetuated  by  a  gigantic  statue  erected  on  the  battle 
field  near  the  town  of  Detmold.  Rome  made  further  efforts  at 
subjugation,  but  success,  when  attained,  was  only  temporary, 
and  soon  it  became  settled  that  the  Danube  was  the  northern 
boundary  of  the  Empire.  The  independence  of  foreign  control 
thus  attained  by  Germany  was  retained  all  through  our  era,  the 
country  being  sub-divided  into  numerous  smaller  provinces, 
each  having  its  own  ruler.  These  were  not  consolidated  into  a. 
homogeneous  empire  until  the  latter  part  of  our  own  century. 

Our  German  Forefathers  13 

The  emigrants  who  came  to  America  in  the  last  century  were 
mainly  from  the  southern  part  of  Germany,  and  they  settled  in 
different  States  or  Colonies  from  the  Mohawk  to  the  Savannah, 
the  largest  single  body  settling  in  Eastern  and  Central  Penn- 
sylvania. They  brought  with  them  their  ancestral  traits.  Their 
valor  was  shown  in  the  war  of  the  Revolution  under  the  lead  of 
such  men  as  Steuben,  Herkimer  and  Muhlenberg.  Nor  did  it 
fail  to  appear  in  the  war  with  Mexico,  nor  in  the  longer  conflict 
for  the  preservation  of  the  Union. 

They  were  distinguished  for  their  industry  and  thrift,  being 
mainly  engaged  in  agriculture,  and  sometimes  have  been  under- 
valued as  inferior  to  other  elements  of  the  population.  But  the 
homebred  virtues  by  which  they  were  distinguished,  their  peace- 
ful and  law-abiding  character,  and  their  orderly  conduct  made 
them  a  constituent  part  of  the  nation's  strength  and  security. 
In  intelligence  and  culture  they  fell  below  their  neighbors,  the 
Low  Dutch  or  Hollanders,  among  whom  reading  and  writing 
were  as  universally  diffused  two  centuries  ago  as  they  are  now 
any  where.  The  reason  is  plain.  The  Low  countries  had  the 
advantage  of  a  large  and  varied  commerce  by  sea,  a  rich  devel- 
opment of  the  fine  and  mechanic  arts,  and  a  feudal  system 
greatly  modified  by  circumstances,  whereas  Germany  was 
devastated  by  the  thirty  years  war  (1618-1648),  terminated 
only  by  the  Peace  of  Westphalia.  We  groaned  under  the  four 
year's  war  of  the  Rebellion,  but  for  more  than  seven  times  that 
period  huge  armies  swept  over  the  plains  of  Germany,  cities 
were  taken  by  storm  (Magdeburg)  when  every  man  was  slain 
and  every  woman  outraged,  the  population  was  more  than 
decimated,  and  fertile  fields  turned  into  a  wilderness.  So  great 
was  the  scourge  that  it  is  said  that  even  now  after  the  lapse  of 
centuries  its  track  can  be  distinctly  traced.  Inter  arma  leges 
[et  literae\  silent.  In  the  struggle  for  existence  education  was 
neglected.  And  the  German  emigrants  brought  with  them  only 
those  elements  of  culture  that  are  inseparably  bound  up  with 
the  Protestant  faith.  How  important  these  were  is  shown  by 
the  fact  that  a  German  Bible  was  printed  in  our  country  forty 
years  before  an  English  Bible  was  put  to  press. 

As  to  religion  the  emigrants  usually  brought  their  ministers 

14  Early  Germans  of   New  jersey 

with  them  and  soon  erected  their  houses  of  worship.  In  other 
cases  their  wants  were  supplied  through  the  kind  offices  of 
Holland  where  the  classes  of  Amsterdam  was  the  medium  of 
communication  with  the  Fatherland.  Nor  were  they  slow  to 
avail  themselves  of  other  means  of  supplying  their  needs.  I 
remember  seeing  in  some  of  the  old  records  of  the  church 
[Collegiate  Reformed  Dutch  Church]  I  serve  an  account  of  some 
Germans  living  twenty  miles  north  of  Philadelphia,  who  being 
without  a  minister  and  having  among  them  a  lay  catechist,  the 
son  of  an  organist  at  Wurms,  who  could  instruct  their  young 
and  baptize  their  children,  sent  to  the  Dutch  of  New  York  an 
earnest  request  to  give  this  man  orders  so  that  he  could  serve 
their  necessities.     Their  request  was  granted. 

Along  with  religion  there  went  a  high  tone  of  morality.  The 
people  lacked  the  enterprise  of  other  communities,  but  they  also 
lacked  the  taste  for  wanton  speculation  which  so  often  proves 
an  ignis  fatuus  leading  to  disaster  and  ruin.  They  cultivated 
contentment  with  the  allotments  of  Providence.  They  practiced 
honesty  not  only  as  the  best  policy  but  as  indispensable  to 
peace  of  mind.  They  rendered  obedience  to  the  law  of  the  land 
as  a  duty  they  owed  to  God.  Their  love  of  country  was  both  a 
passion  and  a  principle.  And  so  the}7  lived,  a  peaceful,  orderly, 
God-fearing  people,  making  slow  but  sure  progress  in  all  that 
belongs  to  civic  prosperity. 

Hence  the  propriety  of  recalling  what  the)*  were  and  what 
they  did,  and  the  great  usefulness  of  such  a  celebration  as  is 
held  to-day;  an  observance  to  which  the  people  have  responded 
in  such  numbers  and  with  such  heartiness.  There  is  great  ad- 
vantage as  well  as  propriety  in  rescuing  from  oblivion  or 
neglect  the  character  of  those  from  whom  we  trace  our  descent. 
As  Lord  Macaulay  says,  "  It  is  a  sentiment  which  belongs  to 
the  higher  and  purer  part  of  human  nature  and  which  adds  no 
little  to  the  strength  of  states.  A  people  which  takes  no  pride 
in  the  noble  achievements  of  remote  ancestors  will  never 
achieve  anything  worthy  to  be  remembered  with  pride  by 
remote  descendants."  But  a  higher  authority  than  the  great 
English  historian,  even  the  Book  of  Books,  has  said,  "  The 
glory  of  children  are  their  fathers."     Since  we  have  such  an 

Our  German  Forefathers. 


ancestry,  so  patient  and  virtuous  and  faithful,  let  us  strive  to 
preserve  and  perpetuate  their  memory.  Nay  more.  The  ser- 
vices of  this  day,  interesting  and  appropriate  as  they  have  been, 
will  surely  be  but  an  empty  formality  if  they  do  not  stimulate 
alike  the  old  and  the  young  to  cherish  the  recollection  of  our 
forefathers  and  to  exemplify  the  diligence,  thrift,  integrity, 
loyalty,  valor,  domestic  virtue  and  obedience  to  law  which 
characterized  them  from  first  to  last.  The  most  of  them  came 
to  the  shores  of  the  new  world  as  refugees  from  a  bitter  and 
remorseless  persecution.  The  Palatines  and  the  Salzburgers 
stand  high  on  the  page  of  history  as  confessors  of  Christ  who 
were  driven  from  country,  home  and  friends  because  they 
would  not  renounce  the  faith.  We  in  this  land  of  perfect 
religious  liberty  have  no  such  trial  to  endure,  and  therefore  the 
more  should  we  venerate  the  brave  men,  women  and  children 
who  set  such  a  bright  example  of  holy  living  and  immutable 




••^^J^ORAVIAN  history  in  its  earliest  periods  is 
somewhat  obscure.  It  can  be  traced  back 
to  1457  as  one  of  the  religious  movements 
that  followed  the  martyrdom  of  John 
Huss  by  the  Council  of  Constance.  They 
originated  in  Bohemia,  and  were  at  first 
called  Bohemian  Brethren.  They  were 
pTous  people  who  repudiated  the  practices  of  the  Roman  Cath- 
olic Church  and  worshipped  God  in  simple  fashion  in  quiet 
meetings  for  prayer  and  reading  of  the  Scriptures,  and  called 
themselves  Brethren.  They  were  not  communists,  but  held  that 
the  rich  should  give  of  their  wealth  to  the  poor  and  that 
Christians  should  live  as  nearly  as  possible  like  the  apostolic 
community  at  Jerusalem.  In  1467  they  constituted  themselves 
into  a  church  separate  from  that  of  the  government.  They 
steadily  increased,  and  in  the  early  part  of  the  sixteenth  century 
they  included  four  hundred  congregations  and  a  hundred  and 
fifty  thousand  members  in  Bohemia  and  Moravia.  The  terrible 
persecutions  which  followed  the  unsuccessful  attempt  at  revo- 
lution crushed  the  Protestantism  of  Bohemia  and  in  1627  the 
Evangelical  Church  had  ceased  to  exist. 

A  few  families  in  Moravia  held  religious  services  in  secret 
and  preserved  the  traditions  of  their  fathers.  In  1722  some  of 
them,  led  by  Christian  David,  left  their  homes  and  property  to 

The  Moravians  of  New  Jersey  17 

seek  a  place  where  they  could  worship  God  in  freedom.  The 
first  company  settled,  by  invitation  of  Count  Zinzendorf,  on  his 
estate  at  Bertholdorp  in  Saxony.  They  were  soon  joined  by 
others  and  built  the  town  of  Hernhut.  Refugees  came  there 
from  the  villages  and  towns  of  Fulneck,  Gersdorf,  Gedersdorf, 
Kloten,  Klandorf,  Stechwalde,  Seitendorf  and  Zauchtenthal,  and 
were  instrumental  in  the  renewal  of  their  organization.  Their 
Episcopate  had  been  continued,  and  in  1735  David  Nitschman 
was  consecrated  first  Bishop  of  the  Renewed  Moravian  Church. 
Zinzendorf.  with  his  wife  and  family  and  chaplain  came  to  live 
among  them,  and  they  adopted  a  code  of  rules  and  ordained 
twelve  elders  to  do  pastoral  work. 

The  Moravian  Church  has  no  formal  creed,  but  holds  that 
Scripture  is  the  only  rule  of  faith  and  practice.  The  Bohemian 
catechism,  written  by  Bishop  Luke,  of  Prague,  in  152 1,  compris- 
ing 76  questions  and  answers,  and  entitled  "  Christian  Instruc- 
tion in  the  Faith  for  Little  Children,"  corresponds  generally 
with  the  fundamental  tenets  of  the  Protestant  Evangelical 

Their  settlements  were  co-operative,  and  had  for  their  ob- 
ject the  support  of  their  Ministry  and  Missions.  The  members 
mutually  contributed  their  individual  labor  for  the  common 
cause  and  lived  collectively  as  one  family.  The  surrender  of 
personal  or  private  property  was  not  required  as  a  condition  of 

It  was  from  Hernhut  that  the  Moravian  Church  sent  out  her 
first  Evangelists  and  religious  teachers,  into  the  other  States  of 
Germany  and  the  Continent,  and  into  Great  Britain  and  her 
American  Colonies. 

In  1735  a  Moravian  settlement  was  undertaken  at  Savannah 
in  Georgia  Five  years  afterwards  it  was  relinquished  and 
most  of  its  members  migrated  to  Pennsylvania  where  more 
successful  enterprises  were  inaugurated.  Settlements  were 
made  at  Bethlehem,  Nazareth  and  Lititz  in  what,  later,  became 
Northampton  County.  Of  these  the  first  named  was  instituted 
by  Count  Zinzendorf  who  gave  the  name  of  Bethlehem  to  the 
place,  while  celebrating  the  vigils  of  Christmas  Eve  in  the  soli- 
tary log  dwelling  which  had  been  erected.     The  Bethlehem 

18  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

tract  consisted  of  500  acres  of  land  situated  at  the  confluence  of 
the  Monocasy  Creek  with  the  Lehigh.  It  was  bought  April  2d, 
1 741,  of  William  Allen,  of  Philadelphia,  by  Henry  Antes  as 
agent  of  the  Moravians.  It  was  part  of  a  section  which  the 
Delaware  Indians  called  Welagamika,  rich  soil. 

In  1741  a  company  of  immigrants.encouraged  by  the  renowned 
•evangelist,  Rev.  George  Whitefield,  and  under  the  superin- 
tendence of  the  Moravian  Bishop,  Nitschman,  set  out  from 
Philadelphia  and  found  their  way  through  the  intervening 
forests  to  the  new  settlement.     Year  after  year  it  grew. 

Accessions  came  from  the  Fetter  Lane  Society  in  London, 
from  Germany,  Holland  and  other  places  on  the  Continent. 
The  archives  at  Bethlehem  show  that  in  the  first  fifty  years  of 
the  settlement  800  Moravians  immigrated  there  from  Europe  ; 
614  children  were  born  ;  625  persons  were  buried  in  the  church 
grounds  ;  150  white  adults  and  125  Indians  and  Negroes  were 
baptized  ;  and  134  persons  ordained  to  the  Ministry  ;  namely, 
5  Bishops,  27  Priests  and  102  Deacons. 

The  head  men  of  the  denomination  resided  there,  men  of 
devoted  piety,  who  had  consecrated  their  lives  to  the  service  of 
their  Lord  and  Saviour,  and  in  obedience  to  His  last  command 
to  His  disciples  they  labored  as  Missionaries  in  destitute  settle- 
ments in  nearly  all  the  thirteen  Colonies,  and  among  the 
benighted  Indians.  The  expressive  device  of  their  Episcopal 
seal  was  a  Lamb  with  a  Banner. 

Many  distinguished  visitors  from  different  parts  of  the  coun- 
try were  attracted  to  Bethlehem,  some  of  whom  were  George 
"Washington,  Gen.  Horatio  Gates,  the  Marquis  de  LaFayette 
and  other  Generals  of  the  Revolution  ;  John  Hancock,  Samuel 
Adams,  James  Duane,  Richard  Henry  Lee,  William  Duer, 
Henry  Laurens,  Benjamin  Harrison,  John  Adams,  Henry 
Marchant,  William  Williams  and  other  members  of  the  Conti- 
nental Congress  came  and  participated  in  the  worship  as  con- 
ducted by  Bishop  Etwein. 

In  August,  1742,  Count  Zinzendorf  made  a  transit  through 
the  upper  valley  of  the  Delaware,  and  was  followed  by  Mis- 
sionaries from  Bethlehem.  Soon  after,  the  settlers  in  Walpack 
•and  the   region  drained  by  the  Paulin's  Kill  in  Sussex,  now 

The  Moravians  of  New  Jersey  19 

Warren  County,  New  Jersey,  applied  to  the  Moravians  for  a 
school  and  for  the  Gospel  Ministry.  A  church  and  parsonage 
were  erected  for  the  use  of  the  Evangelists,  on  the  Broadhead 
settlement  in  Walpack  and  dedicated  to  the  worship  of  God  by 
Rev.  Abraham  Reincke  in  May,  1753.  They  were  burned  by 
the  Indians  in  December,  1755,  aQd  the  mission  was  abandoned. 

In  the  more  Southern  Counties  of  New  Jersey  the  Society 
had  regular  preaching  stations  at  Maurice  River,  Penn's  Neck, 
Raccoon,  Cohansey,  Middletown,  Trenton,  Maidenhead,  Cross- 
wicks,  Cranberry  and  Princeton. 

In  January,  1743,  Paul  Daniel  Bryzelius  was  ordained  to  the 
Ministry  by  Bishop  David  Nitschman  and  sent  by  Zinzendorf 
to  preach  the  Gospel  to  the  descendants  of  the  early  Swedish 
settlers  at  Maurice  River,  Piles  Grove,  Narraticon  and  Penn's 
Neck.  His  Ministerial  services  were  not  approvingly  received 
by  the  Swedish  Lutherans,  who  were  in  the  majority,  and  they 
closed  the  doors  of  their  churches  against  him  and  compelled 
his  withdrawal. 

After  the  Moravians  had  established  their  settlement  at 
Bethlehem,  Pa.,  some  of  their  members  passed,  occasionally, 
through  New  Jersey  for  the  purpose  of  preaching  the  Gospel 
to  the  Indians  of  New  York  and  New  England.  These  Mis- 
sionaries, and  Indian  converts  who  accompanied  them,  were 
-often  entertained  on  these  journeys  by  Samuel  Green  and  his 
wife  Anna  Abigail,  who  lived  in  a  log  house  where  the  village 
of  Hope,  Warren  County,  is  now  situated.  The  Moravian 
Ministers,  Bruce  Shaw,  Joseph  Powell  and  others,  in  passing, 
preached  at  their  house.  They  were  both  baptized  at  Bethle- 
hem by  the  Revs.  Nathaniel  Leidel  and  John  F.  Cammerhoff  ; 
they  also  had  their  children  baptized  and  placed  in  the 
Moravian  school  to  be  educated. 

During  the  French  and  Indian  War  they  went  to  Bethle- 
hem for  shelter,  and  lived  for  a  time  at  Emaus,  near  that  place. 
So  great  was  their  attachment  to  the  Moravian  brethren  and 
so  paramount  their  religious  principles,  that,  in  1768,  Mr.  Green 
went  to  Bethlehem  and  offered  them  all  the  land  comprised  in 
the  tract  on  which  he  lived,  for  the  purpose  of  establishing  a 
settlement  at  that  place  similar  to  the  one  at  Bethlehem.   After 

20  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

consideration  the  brethren  declined  this  generous  offer  because 
of  regard  for  the  interests  of  Mr.  Green's  children,  who  in 
their  opinion  would  be  wronged  by  their  acceptance  of  the  land 
as  a  gift.  They  purchased  the  tract  for  j£i,ooo  cash,  with  the 
full  consent  of  his  two  sons  ;  Green's  house  and  garden,  fire- 
wood and  hay  for  two  cows,  weTe  reserved  for  him  and  his 
family  during  their  life  time. 

Samuel  Green  was  the  eldest  son  of  Samuel  Green,  senior, 
a.  deputy  surveyor,  who  filled  various  official  positions  in 
Amwell,  Hunterdon  County,  and  removed  to  Sussex  in,  or 
shortly  previous  to  1738.  He  is  recorded  that  year  as  a  voter 
in  Greenwich  township,  which  at  that  time  was  in  Hunterdon, 
now  in  Warren  County.  In  the  latter  part  of  his  life  he  settled 
near  Johnsonsburg,  formerly  called  the  Log  Jail,  at  one  time 
the  County  Seat  of  Sussex. 

In  the  Secretary-  of  State's  office  at  Trenton,  and  also  in  the 
Moravian  Archives  at  Bethlehem,  Pa.,  is  recorded  a  deed  of 
conveyance  of  500  acres  of  land  from  Benjamin  Harris  to 
Edward  Kemp,  dated  March  26th,  17 18.  This  same  tract  was 
conveyed,  December  istk  1754,  by  Samuel  Green,  senior,  to 
"  Samuel  Green,  junior,  heir  apparent  of  said  Edward  Kemp." 
This  implies  that  the  wife  of  Samuel  Green,  senior,  was  the 
daughter  of  Edward  Kemp,  and  her  eldest  son,  Samuel  Green, 
junior,  by  the  law  of  primogeniture  then  in  force,  was  heir 
apparent  of  Edward  Kemp,  he  having  no  male  issue. 

He,  Samuel  Green,  junior,  was  born  in,  or  near,  1705.  There 
is  no  record  of  his  birthplace,  but,  presumably,  it  was  Amwell, 
Hunterdon  County.  He  married,  in  1740,  Anna  Abigail, 
daughter  of  Marmaduke  Light,  of  Springfield,  N.  J.  The 
Light  or  Licht,  now  Lick  family,  of  Lebanon,  Pa.,  are  Morav- 
ians. Mr.  Lick,  who  endowed  the  University  in  California 
which  bears  his  name,  is  of  that  family,  and  was  born  in 
Lebanon  County.  That  Mrs.  Green  was  related  to  that  family 
is  probable,  but  not  certain. 

In  17*9,  Peter  Warbas  and  family,  the  first  settlers  from 
Bethlehem,  removed  to  the  new  settlement  in  Sussex  County, 
and  were  entertained  by  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Green,  until  their  bouse, 
a  log  Wilding,  was  erected.    The  next  year,  177c,  a  Souring 

Th*  Moravians  op  New  Jerssy  21 

mill  was  built.  In  May  of  that  year  the  place  was  visited  by 
the  brethren  Christian  Gregor,  John  Loretz  and  Hans  Christian 
von  Schweinitz,  members  of  the  Provincial  Helpers'  Conference, 
residing  at  Bethlehem,  who  gave  the  name  Greenland  to  the 
new  place. 

In  1 77 1,  Frederick  Leinbach  became  manager,  and  opened 
a  store  for  the  accommodation  of  the  settlement.  Daniel 
Hauser  had  charge  of  the  mill  and  Frederick  Rauchenberger 
was  Leinbach's  assistant  on  the  farm.  In  1773,  Frederick  Blum 
commenced  a  tannery;  in  1780,  a  saw  mill  was  erected;  in  '83,  a 
pottery;  and  in  '91,  an  oil  mill  on  the  premises  of  the  settlement. 

The  church  edifice,  a  large  stone  building,  was  erected  in 
1 781.  The  following  is  a  translation  of  a  paper  deposited  under 
the  corner  stone:  "  In  the  year  of  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ  one 
thousand  seven  hundred  eighty-one,  the  2d  day  of  April,  this 
corner  stone  was  laid  in  the  name  of  God  the  Father,  and  the 
Son,  and  the  Holy  Ghost,  by  the  Right  Reverend  John  Fred- 
erick Reichel,  Bishop  of  the  Brethren's  Church,  and.  at  present 
visitator  from  the  Elders'  Conference  of  the  Unity,  to  the 
Brethren's  congregations  in"  America,  for  a  house  of  God, 
wherein  the  gospel  of  Jesus  Christ  shall  be  preached  in  purity, 
the  Holy  Sacraments  administered  and  the  congregation  inhab- 
iting this  place  have  their  daily  meetings,  according  to  the 
rules,  customs  and  usages  of  the  Brethren's  Church,  of  which 
this  congregation  is  a  small  twig  and  new  branch  lately  planted 
by  the  Brethren's  congregation  at  Bethlehem,  in  Pennsylvania, 
to  be  a  candlestick  with  a  burning  and  shining  light  for  this 
part  of  the  country.  This  building  was  resolved  upon  and 
undertaken  in  a  calamitous  time,  it  being  the  sixth  year  of 
unhappy  war  between  Great  Britain  and  this  continent. 

"The  watchword  of  the  Brethren's  Church  on  this  2d  of 
April,  1781,  was  :  '  The  earth  shall  be  full  of  the  knowledge  of 
the  Lord  as  the  waters  cover  the  sea.' — Isaiah  XI  ;  9. 

"And  the  doctrinal  text  ;  'When  the  fullness  of  time  was 
come,  God  sent  forth  his  son,  made  of  a  woman,  made  under 
the  law  to  redeem  them  that  were  under  the  law,  that  we 
might  receive  the  adoption  of  sons.' 

"The  present  Elders'  Conference  or  Board  of   Directors  of 

22  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

the  Brethren's  Church,  appointed  by  the  last  General  Synod, 

held  at  Barby,  in  Saxony,  1775,  a:a^  residing  at  said  Barby, 

consists  of  the  following  brethren  : 

Joseph  Spangenberg,   Frederick  Rudolph  von  Watteville, 

John  von  Watteville,  John  Frederick  Reichel,  Joachim  Henry 

Andresen,  John  Lorez,  Peter  Conrad  Fries,  Christian  Gregor, 

Abraham  von   Gersdorff,  Henry  the   XXXIII,  Count   Reuss, 

John  Frederick  Roeber,  John  Christian  Quandt,  Ernst  William 

von  Wobeser. 

"  The  present  Provincial  Helpers'  Conference   residing  at 

Bethlehem,   consists  of  the   following    brethren  :     Nathaniel 

Seidel,  Episcopus  Fratrum. 

John   Etwein,    Matthew    Hehl,    Andrew    Huebner,   Hans 

Christian  von  Schweinitz  Paul  Muenster,  Franz  Christian  Laubke. 
"The  following  is  a  list  of  the  inhabitants  and  first  settlers 

present  at  the  dedication  : 

Joseph  Neiser  and  Rosina,  his  wife,  (pastor);  Frederick  and 

Mary  Leinbach,  Joseph  and  Dorothea  Huber,  Daniel  and 
Elizabeth  Hauser,  Henry  and  Margareth  Schemer,  Ephraim 
and  Magdalena  Colver,  Louisa  Partser,  widow  ;  Hiram  and 
Magdalena  Demuth,  Ann  Abigail  Green,  widow  ;  Frederick 
and  Catharine  Blum,  Henry  Blum,  Frederick  and  Ann  Rauchen- 
berger,  Samuel  Schulze,  Stephen  and  Ann  Niclas,  Christian 
Loesch,  Adolph  and  Catharine  Hartmann,  Thomas  Bulton, 
Martin  and  Ann  Mary  Schenke,  Philip  Hortman,  Jacob  and 
Ann  Mary  Schneider." 

The  first  year  after  the  commencement  of  the  settlement 
Bishop  Etwein  frequently  preached  there,  both  in  German  and 
English,  and  administered  the  sacraments.  In  1771,  Brother 
Jacob  Schwick  was  appointed  minister  ;  in  '73  he  was  succeeded 
by  Brother  Francis  Boehler ;  and  in  '74  by  Brother  David 
Sydrick.  The  latter  part  of  the  year  Bishop  Etwein  officiated  ; 
in  May,  '75,  Brother  Joseph  Neisser  was  appointed.  From 
November,  '79,  till  March,  '80,  Bishop  Etwein  again  took  tem- 
porary charge,  preaching  in  English  every  two  weeks.  In  '82, 
Brother  Joseph  Neisser  was  again,  appointed ;  in  '84,  he  was 
succeeded  by  Brother  Meder  ;  in  '87,  by  Brother  Lewis  F. 
Boehler  ;   in  '95,  by   Brother  Abraham   Reinke  ;   in  1803,  by 

The  Moravians  of  New  Jersey  23 

Brother  Lewis  Stohle,  and  in  1807,  again  by  Brother  Meder. 

On  the  25th  and  26th  of  November,  1774,  the  site  of  the 
settlement  at  Greenland  was  surveyed  and  a  town  laid  out  by 
the  Brethren  Nathaniel  Seidel,  John  Etwein,  Hans  Christian 
von  Schweinitz  and  the  surveyor,  J.  W.  Golgosky.  On  the  8th 
of  February  of  the  following  year  it  was  decided,  by  lot,  to  call 
the  name  of  the  place  Hope. 

In  June,  1777,  Hon.  William  Ellery,  of  Rhode  Island,  a 
signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence  and  a  member  of 
Congress,  from  '76  to  '85,  and  Hon.  William  Whipple,  also  a 
signer  of  the  Declaration,  a  general  in  the  Revolution  and  a 
member  of  Congress  in  '76,  passed  through  the  town.  In  their 
diary  they  wrote  :  "In  our  way  to  the  next  stage  we  stop'd  at 
a  little  Moravian  settlement  called  Hope,  consisting  of  five  or 
six  private  houses,  some  mechanics'  shops,  a  merchant's  store 
and  one  of  the  finest  and  most  curious  mills  in  America.  All 
the  Moravian  buildings  are  strong,  neat  and  compact  and  very 
generally  made  of  stone." 

In  1778,  Gen.  du  Chastellux,  of  La  Fayette's  staff,  passed 
through  the  town.  In  his  published  journal  he  describes  the 
mill  at  some  length  :  "  I  set  out  the  8th  a  little  before  nine, 
the  weather  being  extremely  cold  and  the  roads  covered  with 
snow  and  ice  ;  but  on  quitting  the  ridge  and  turning  towards 
the  west,  by  descending  from  the  high  mountains  to  lower 
ground  we  found  the  temperature  more  mild  and  the  earth 
entirely  free.  We  arrived  at  half-past  eleven  at  the  Moravian 
Mill,  and  on  stopping  at  Mr.  Colver's,  found  that  Mr.  Poops 
had  announced  our  coming,  and  that  breakfast  was  prepared 
for  us.  This  fresh  attention  on  his  part  encouraged  me  to 
accept  his  offer  for  the  evening.  As  soon  as  we  had  break- 
fasted, Mr.  Colver,  who  had  treated  us  with  an  anxietv  and 
respect,  more  German  than  American,  served  us  by  way  of 
conductor  and  led  us  first  to  see  the  saw  mill,  which  is  the  most 
beautiful  and  the  best  contrived  I  ever  saw.  A  single  man, 
only,  is  necessary  to  direct  the  work  ;  the  same  wheels  which 
keep  the  saw  in  motion  serve  also  to  convey  the  trunks  of  trees 
from  the  spot  where  they  are  deposited  to  the  work  house,  a 
distance  of  25  or  30  toises  ;  they  are  placed  on  a  sledge,  which, 

24  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

sliding  in  a  groove,  is  drawn  by  a  rope,  which  rolls  and  unrolls 
on  the  axis  of  the  wheel  itself.  Planks  are  sold  at  six  shillings, 
Pennsylvania  currency,  (about  three  shillings  four  pence, 
sterling,)  the  hundred  ;  if  you  find  the  wood  it  is  only  half  the 
money,  and  the  plank  in  that  case  is  sawed  for  one  farthing 
per  foot.  This  mill  is  near  the  fall  of  a  lake  (mill  pond?), 
which  furnishes  it  water.  A  deep  cut  is  made  in  a  rock  to  form 
a  canal  for  conducting  the  waters  to  the  corn  mill,  which  is 
built  within  musket  shot  of  the  former ;  it  is  very  handsome, 
and  on  the  same  plan  as  that  of  Mrs.  Bowling  at  Petersburg, 
but  not  so  large.  From  the  mill  I  went  to  the  church,  which  is 
a  square  building,  containing  the  house  of  the  minister.  The 
place  where  the  duty  is  performed,  and  which  may  properly  be 
called  the  church,  is  on  the  first  floor  and  resembles  the  Pres- 
byterian meeting  houses,  with  the  difference  that  there  is  an 
organ  and  some  religious  pictures." — Travels  in  North  America, 
ijio — '82,  p.  jot,  et  seq. 

On  July  25,  1782,  Gen.  Washington  and  two  aides  without 
escort,  rode  from  Philadelphia  to  Bethlehem,  where  he  passed 
the  night.  The  next  morning,  escorted  by  the  Moravian  cler- 
gyman, John  Etwein,  he  left  Bethlehem,  passing  by  way  of 
Easton,  and  arrived  at  Hope  in  time  for  dinner.  Etwein  rode 
on  ahead  to  notify  the  Moravians  of  the  General's  coming  so 
that  they  might  prepare  suitable  entertainment.  At  Hope 
Etwein  parted  from  the  General  who  continued  on  his  journey 
to  his  headquarters  at  Newberg. 

In  1790  the  number  belonging  to  the  congregation  at  Hope 
was  147,  of  whom  66  were  communicants ;  100  lived  in  town, 
and  47  in  the  vicinity.  From  this  time  the  membership  steadily 
decreased.  On  the  26th  of  May,  1807,  it  was  announced  that 
the  church  authorities  had  decided  to  break  up  the  establish- 
ment at  Hope  and  sell  the  property.  This  measure  was 
necessary  on  account  of  the  precarious  financial  condition  of 
the  settlement.  On  Easter  Sunday,  April  17th,  1808,  the  last 
sermon  was  preached,  and,  with  the  evening  service  of  that 
day,  the  existence  of  the  congregation  terminated.  Its  mem- 
bers removed  to  Bethlehem  and  other  settlements  and  the  prop- 
erty was  sold  to  Messrs.  Kraemer  and  Horn,  of  Pennsylvania. 



»N  PLACE  of  the  historical  address  usual 
upon  such  occasions  a  small  book  was 
issued  as  a  souvenir.  This  consisted  of 
twelve  pages  containing  a  condensed  ac- 
count of  historical  reasons  for  the  cele- 
bration, and  also  thirteen  photo-engrav- 
ings of  former  pastors  and  of  three 
prominent  speakers,  who  took  part  in  the  exercises  of  the 
day.     The  following  is  simply  an  enlargement  of  the  same  : 

Formerly  the  usual  explanation  of  the  settlement  of  Ger- 
man Valley  was  that  first  published  by  Rupp  in  his  work  con- 
taining a  list  of  thirty  thousand  names  of  German  immigrants 
into  Pennsylvania.  This  was  as  follows  :  "  The  period  from 
1702-1727  marks  an  era  in  the  early  German  emigration. 
Between  forty  and  fifty  thousand  left  their  native  country — 
their  hearths  where  soft  affections  dwell.  The  unparalleled 
ravages  and  desolations  by  the  troops  of  Louis  XIV,  under 
Turenne,  were  the  stern  prelude  of  bloody  persecutions.  To 
escape  the  bloody  persecutions  awaiting  them,  German  and 
other  protestants  emigrated  to  the  English  colonies  in  America. 
"In  1705  a  number  of  German  Reformed  residing  between 
Wolfenbuettel  and  Halberstadt,  fled  to  Neuwied,  a  town  of 
Rhenish  Prussia,  where  they  remained  some  time  and  then 
went  to  Holland,  there  embarked  in  1707  for  New  York. 
Their  frail  ship  was  by  reason  of  adverse  winds  carried  into 
the  Delaware  Bay.  Determined,  however,  to  reach  the  place 
for  which   they  were  destined,   to    have   a   home  among  the 

26  Early  German*  of  New  Jersey. 

Dutch,  they  took  the  overland  route  from  Philadelphia  to  New- 
York.  On  entering  the  fertile,  charming  Valley  in  Nova 
Csesaria,  New  Jersey,  which  is  drained  by  the  meandering 
Musconetcong,  the  Passaic  and  their  tributaries,  and  having 
reached  a  goodly  land,  they  resolved  to  remain  in  what  is  now 
known  as  the  German  Valley  of  Morrison  (Morris)  county. 
From  this  point  the  Germans  have  spread  into  Somerset, 
Bergen  and  Essex  counties."  He  continues  :  "At  Elizabeth- 
town,  where  the  first  English  settlement  was  made  in  New 
Jersey,  1664,  there  were  many  Germans  prior  to  1730.  There 
was  also  a  German  settlement  at  a  place  known  as  Hall  Mill, 
which  is  some  thirty  miles  from  Philadelphia." 

He  quotes  also  from  Bard's  Religious  America,  p.  81,  the 
following : 

"A  well  supported  tradition  maintains  that  a  Polish  colony, 
consisting  of  two  hundred  protestants,  settled  in  the  early  part 
of  the  eighteenth  century,  in  the  valleys  of  the  Passaic  and 
Raritan  rivers  in  New  Jersey.  They  were  led  by  Count 
Sobieski,  a  lineal  descendant  of  the  wide-world-known  John 
Sobieski,  King  of  Poland,  who  routed  the  Tartars  and  Turks 
in  1683.  The  name  Zabriskie,  still  found  in  New  Jersey  and 
New  York,  seems  to  be  corrupted  from  Sobieski." 

This  explanation  of  the  settlement  by  the  Germans  of  this 
part  of  New  Jersey  is  evidently  only  partly  true.  Of  course, 
there  may  have  been  emigrants  from  Germany  who  fled  to 
England  as  early  as  1705,  and  these  may  have  sailed  for  New 
York  and  been  turned  aside  to  Philadelphia  in  the  year  1708  or 
1709  ;  but  no  authority  is  given  for  the  story,  and  it  receives 
no  support  from  any  records  of  land  transfers  or  of  family 

Two  important  and  decisive  historical  events  form  the 
starting  points  for  our  history  of  the  Germans  in  New  Jersey. 
One  is  the  first  act  of  service  of  the  first  German  Lutheran 
pastor  in  this  State.  This  was  on  August  1,  1714,  "at  the 
house  of  Ari  de  Guinea"  [Harry  from  Guinea,  a  Christian 
negro],  "on  the  Raritans,"  at  which  time  a  child  was  baptized 
who  had  been  born  March  25.  As  it  is  very  likely  that  the 
parents  of  this  child,  John  Peter  Appelman  and  Anna  Mag- 

The  German  Emigration  27- 

dalena,  had  come  at  least  a  few  months  previously  into  the 
State,  we  select  the  year  17 13  as  the  most  probable  beginning 
of  our  history.  The  other  event  of  special  interest  was  the 
first  religious  service  in  German  Valley. 

According  to  the  letter  addressed  to  Michael  Schlatter  in 
1747  by  the  people  of  Fox  Hill,  Lebanon  and  Am  well,  this 
had  taken  place  three  or  four  years  previously,  or  in  1743- 
Thus  we  feel  entitled  to  celebrate  in  1893  the  one  hundred 
and  eightieth  anniversary  of  the  settlement  of  New  Jersey  by 
the  Germans  and  the  sesqui-centennial  or  the  one  hundred  and 
fiftieth  of  that  of  German  Valley. 

We  might  also  add  another  interesting  date,  viz.,  1731,  when 
the  first  German  Lutheran  Church  in  New  Jersey  was  opened 
for  worship.  This  church  was  located  in  the  small  hamlet  now 
called  Potterstown,  about  a  mile  east  of  Lebanon. 

The  records  to  which  we  have  referred  also  enable  us  to 
trace  the  first  emigrants  to  the  very  place  and  time  of  their 
arrival  in  this  country,  for  we  find  on  the  list  of  baptisms,  mar- 
riages and  church  members  of  the  First  Lutheran  Church  of 
New  York  a  number  of  names,  located  in  New  Jersey,  of  those 
who  came  to  New  York  in  17 10.  For,  strange  to  say,  the 
parish  of  Rev.  Justus  Falckner,  the  Lutheran  pastor,  who 
began  his  ministry  in  New  York  City  in  1703,  extended  from 
Albany,  in  York  State,  to  the  Upper  Raritan  region  or  Hunter- 
don county  in  New  Jersey.  From  1703  to  17 14  there  are  no 
intimations  of  any  services  rendered  to  any  but  Holland 
Lutherans  in  this  State.  These  belong  to  the  region  of 
Hackensack,  in  Bergen  county.  In  South  Jersey  there  were, 
indeed,  some  families  of  German  descent,  who  had  come 
with  the  Swedes  long  before  1700,  but  they  spoke  the  Swedish 
language,  and  their  identity  has  been  almost  completely 
swallowed  up  in  that  of  the  predominant  race. 

Having  found  that  our  first  settlers  were  among  those  who 
were  sent  over  from  London  by  Queen  Anne  in  the  second 
emigration  of  17 10,  we  have  opened  to  us  a  most  inviting 
and  extensive  field  of  research. 

Without  pretending  to  enter  at  any  length  upon  the 
questions  connected  with    the  settlement  of  Newberg  and  of 

28  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

the  valleys  of  the  Mohawk  and  Hudson  rivers,  we  cannot 
properly  omit  some  brief  account  of  the  stream  of  history 
which,  starting  in  the  Palatinate,  rose  so  rapidly  and  spread  so 
widely  when  it  passed  through  London  and  finally  reached 
these  shores.  This  most  unprecedented  volume  of  emigration 
from  one  country  is  the  more  remarkable  from  the  appalling 
difficulties  in  the  way  of  ocean  travel.  In  the  first  place,  the 
cost  of  a  voyage  from  Rotterdam  to  Philadelphia  was  three 
hundred  and  fifty  dollars  in  copper  coin  [Acrelius,  Hist,  of  New 
Sweden,  p.  146].  And  as  very  many,  if  not  most  of  the  emi- 
grants, were  too  poor  to  pay  this  sum,  they  were  required  to 
sell  their  time  for  three,  four  or  five  years  to  the  captain  in 
payment  of  their  transportation.  The  poor  emigrants  thus 
became  mere  articles  of  merchandise,  and  were  often  treated 
accordingly.  Being  entirely  at  the  mercy  of  heartless  captains, 
who  were  not  apt  to  learn  compassion  by  this  form  of  specula- 
tion in  human  beings,  the  poor  emigrant  rarely  enjoyed  on 
shipboard  any  but  the  most  miserable  accommodations  and 
most  insufficient  food.  Nearly  all  the  horrors  of  the  "middle 
passage  "  in  the  later  times  of  negro  slavery  were  fully  antici- 
pated. With  the  slow  progress  of  sailing  vessels  often  be- 
calmed or  driven  out  of  their  course  the  passage  over  was 
sometimes  prolonged  to  the  period  of  ten  months,  and  was 
seldom  less  than  three  or  four.  Closely  packed  together  in 
over-crowded  vessels  with  the  narrowest  accommodations,  the 
frequent  scarcity  of  food  and  water  was  generally  the  source 
of  diseases,  which  became  contagious,  and  death  was  sure  then 
to  reap  an  abundant  harvest.  The  surgeon  of  one  vessel  re- 
ported that  there  were  330  sick  on  board  at  one  time. 

When  at  last  the  welcome  sight  of  land  greeted  the  weary 
eyes  of  the  weakened  and  emaciated  traveler,  he  could  hardly 
have  anticipated  the  sad  lot  which  often  awaited  him,  and 
which  in  many  cases  turned  the  land  of  promise  into  one  of 

Children  were  torn  from  the  arms  of  parents,  never  to  be 
heard  of  again.  Brothers  and  sisters  were  scattered  often  in 
different  colonies  and  remained  separated  for  years,  and  some- 
times for  life.     In  some  cases  these  bond-servants  soon  earned 

The  Germam  Emigration  29 

their  freedom,  but  they  often  succumbed  to  work  beyond  their 
strength  or  grew  hopeless  and  despairing,  and  died  of  sheer 

But  oppression  and  injustice  were  not  inflicted  upon  indivi- 
duals only,  for  even  a  whole  community,  as  in  the  case  of  the 
settlers  upon  Livingston  Manor,  were  cheated  and  robbed  in 
the  most  barefaced  manner,  and  even  by  the  aid  of  those  in 
authority.  Reports  of  these  experiences  were  written  home  to 
Germany  and  could  not  fail  of  some  effect  upon  others  who 
were  intending  to  follow  the  example  of  the  first  emigrants. 
But  nevertheless,  the  tide  of  emigration  still  flowed  on  without 
ceasing,  and  ship  followed  ship  in  rapid  succession  bringing 
full  cargoes  of  human  freight  to  New  York  and  the  Carolinas, 
but  principally  to  Philadelphia. 

A  movement  of  population  so  general  and  persistent  would 
seem  to  be  an  event  whose  causes  were  as  powerful  as  its 
results  were  influential  and  lasting.  Such,  indeed,  was  the 
case.  For  nothing  less  than  the  material  and  political  an- 
nihilation of  Germany  could  explain  as  it  does  the  voluntary 
expatriation  almost  all  at  one  time  of  whole  communities, 
moved  by  a  common  impulse  such  as  could  be  only  a  mighty 
hope  or  a  widespread  despair.  Indeed,  as  a  matter  of  fact,  the 
general  feeling  partook  of  both  of  these,  but  more  largely  of 
the  latter.  The  cause  of  this  state  of  mind  is  to  be  found  in  a 
course  of  events  extending  through  the  seventeenth  century, 
but  beginning  more  particularly  with  the  Thirty  Years'  War  in 
the  year  16 18. 

Before  this  war  Germany  could  compare  favorably  with  any 
other  European  country  for  material  prosperity,,  aud  the  com- 
fort and  intelligence  of  its  inhabitants.  The  peasant  was  "on 
the  whole  comfortable,  moderately  intelligent,  and  obtained  in 
Protestant  districts,  at  least,  a  fairly  good  training  in  school 
and  church.  He  had  his  house  neatly  furnished,  he  had  a  little 
hoard  of  savings  in  coin,  and  valuable  cattle  in  the  pasture  or 
stall.  But  the  Thirty  Years'  War  annihilated  all  this  prosper- 
ity, and  it  took  two  centuries  afterward  to  bring  the  village 
population  to  the  state  of  civilization  they  had  already  reached 
at  the  beginning.     It  was  the  peasants  on  whom  the  curse  of 

30  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

the  war  fell.  The  villages  were  laid  in  ashes,  the  cattle  de- 
stroyed, the  tilled  land  went  to  waste  ;  corpses  lay  unburied  ; 
the  village  dogs  ran  wild  like  packs  of  wolves  ;  and  to  the  ruin 
directly  caused  by  the  war  were  added  the  miseries  of  famine 
and  pestilence.  During  the  second  half  of  the  war  a  Swedish 
general  refused  to  take  his  army  from  Pomerania  to  South 
Germany,  because  the  desert  country  between  them  would 
cause  him  greater  loss  than  the  most  bloody  defeat.  In  those 
days  the  mere  occupancy  of  a  city  for  a  week  by  an  invading 
army  would  often  work  wider  ruin  than  a  modern  bombard- 
ment. License  and  plunder  were  universal.  When  a  city  was 
besieged,  the  neighboring  country  was  first  ravaged,  and  fugi- 
tives innumerable  fled  within  the  walls,  so  that  famine  almost 
invariably  came  with  them,  and  pestilence  soon  after.  The 
horrors  of  the  siege  of  Jerusalem,  so  often  thought  incredible 
by  readers  of  Josephus,  were  re-enacted  in  many  a  city  of 
Central  Europe  among  the  contemporaries  of  Milton.  The  be- 
siegers of  Nordlingen  captured  a  tower  on  the  wall  ;  the 
besieged  fired  it  ;  and  when  it  fell  into  the  city,  famished 
women  seized  the  half-burned  corpses  of  the  enemy,  and  car- 
ried away  pieces  to  save  their  children  from  starvation.  The 
woes  of  a  stormed  city,  under  the  wild  passions  of  the  soldiery 
must  be  left  to  the  imagination.  The  only  pay  the  soldier 
received  was  the  plunder  he  might  accumulate.  Making  war 
became  a  trade  and  a  class  of  men  soon  became  very  numerous 
who  came  from  nearly  every  quarter  of  Europe  to  take  their 
chances  of  success  as  soldiers  of  fortune  under  some  renowned 
general.  Thev  cared  not  on  which  side  they  engaged.  These 
men  were  generally  the  offscourings  of  different  countries  to 
whom  a  wandering  life  of  unrestrained  license  and  recklessness 
was  the  only  life  worth  living.  Accompanying  the  army  was 
generally  a  miscellaneous  rabble.  The  camp  swarmed  with 
the  wives,  mistresses  and  children  of  soldiers,  with  market 
women  and  wanderers.  The  Austrian  and  Bavarian  army  con- 
tained forty  thousand  men  bearing  arms  and  drawing  soldiers' 
rations  ;  and  beside  a  rabble  of  a  hundred  and  forty  thousand 
more,  who  had  no  rations,  and  could  only  be  fed  by  plunder. 
(See  History  of  Germany  by  Charlton  T.  Lewis,  Chapter  XIX). 

The  German  Emigration  31 

Such  was  war  in  the  seventeenth  century.  And  we  must  re- 
member that  it  was  but  little  else  than  war  the  whole  century 
through.  Moreover  whatever  the  cause  of  the  war  or  the 
nations  engaged  in  it,  the  battle  ground  for  more  or  less  of  the 
time  was  always  Germany.  What  wonder  that  the  very  tem- 
perament of  the  German  race  was  changed  and  mirth  and 
laughter  almost  ceased  from  among  them.  The  first  of  our 
ancestors  to  arrive  in  this  country  came  from  regions  that  had 
learned  war  in  all  its  bitterness.  They  themselves  were  born 
at  a  time  when  the  air  was  filled  with  "  war's  rude  alarms."  Of 
those  who  came  to  New  Jersey,  having  arrived  in  New  York  in 
1 7 10,  the  dates  of  birth  are  as  early  as  1656,  and  from  that  date 
to  1680.  These  therefore  just  escaped  the  Thirty- Years'  War 
but  experienced  the  severities  hardly  less  terrible  of  the  French 

The  war  of  the  Spanish  succession  brought  the  French  again 
to  the  Palatinate  and  the  city  of  Landau  was  made  to  suffer 
severely.  From  this  place  several  families  under  their  pastor 
Joshua  von  Kocherthal  took  their  departure  for  England  and 
reached  London  in  March,  1708.  They  made  application  to 
Queen  Anne  for  a  free  passage  to  America.  This  was  granted 
and  they  were  sent  with  Lord  Lovelace,  who  had  been  appointed 
Governor  of  New  York.  The  purpose  the  authorities  had  in 
view  was  twofold,  viz.,  to  use  them  to  protect  the  frontiers  from 
the  Indians  and  secondly  to  take  from  Norway  the  trade  in  tar, 
turpentine  and  naval  stores.  Before  their  departure  they  were 
naturalized  on  August  25th,  1780.  Pastor  Kocherthal  was 
granted  the  sum  of  20  pounds  sterling  and  500  acres  of  land 
and  provision  was  also  made  for  the  support  of  the  others  by 
gifts  of  land,  seeds,  agricultural  tools  and  furniture,  and  the 
promise  of  support  for  one  year.  This  band  settled  at  New- 
burgh  on  the  Hudson.  The  names  of  the  heads  of  families 
were  Lorenz  Schwisser,  Heinrich  Rennau,  Andreas  Volk, 
Michael  Weigandt,  Jacob  Weber,  Jacob  Plettel,  Johannes 
Fischer,  Melchior  Guelch,  Isaac  Tuerk,  Peter  Rose,  Maria 
Weimar  (widow),  Isaak  Faber,  Daniel  Fiere  and  Hermann 
Schuneman.  Only  one  of  these  was  52  years  old  and  the  rest 
were  between  25  and  40.     The  most  were  vintners,  others  were 

32  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

joiners,  weavers,  smiths,  carpenters  and  stocking-makers.  They 
landed  in  New  York  in  October,  1708.  They  named  their  place 
of  settlement  Newberg,  (sometimes  called  Quassaick)  from  the 
city  of  that  name  in  the  upper  Palatinate. 

Kocherthal  almost  immediately  returned  to  England  in  the 
summer  of  1709  to  secure  better  provisions  for  the  support  of 
his  company.  He  obtained  an  audience  with  the  Queen  and 
with  her  encouragement  went  to  Germany  and  returned  with 
3,000  of  his  countrymen.  This  was  more  than  were  expected 
and  the  government  were  at  a  loss  to  know  what  to  do  with 
them.  It  was  finally  decided  to  undertake  the  production  of 
tar  and  turpentine  upon  an  extensive  scale  by  means  of  these 
emigrants.  In  the  meantime  the  arrivals  of  Germans,  called 
Palatines,  from  the  electorate  whence  they  had  come,  continued. 
There  were  soon  as  many  as  10,  12  or  30  thousand  in  England 
according  to  the  different  estimates  of  their  number. 

Public  aid  and  private  charity  were  severely  put  to  it  to 
keep  this  immense  number  from  starving.  Word  was  quickly 
sent  to  the  continent  to  head  off  this  tide  of  immigration. 

Some  of  those  encamped  on  the  Blackheath  near  London 
were  sent  to  Ireland,  where  they  settled  down  and  formed  a 
prosperous  community.  Others  were  sent  back  home  and 
others  still  became  homeless  wanderers  over  England.  A  band 
of  3,000  were  chosen  to  send  to  America  with  Governor  Hunter, 
who  was  to  succeed  the  deceased  Lord  Lovelace  as  Governor 
of  New  York.  This  was  the  second  emigration.  Ten  vessels 
were  collected  at  Plymouth  for  their  transportation.  In  the 
course  of  their  embarking  a  boat  load  was  overturned  and 
drowned.  The  voyage  was  stormy  and  painful  from  the  be- 
ginning. One  vessel  was  driven  back  by  a  severe  storm,  which 
arose  before  they  were  out  of  sight  of  land.  The  whole  num- 
ber suffered  all  the  way  over  and  a  fatal  disease  finally  broke 
out  which  consigned  470  of  them  to  a  watery  grave. 

These  vessels  reached  New  York  at  various  times  from  June 
14th,  1710,  till  some  time  in  August.  Their  passengers  were  in 
a  deplorable,  sickly  condition.  They  had  embarked  December 
29th,  1709,  and  their  voyage  had  lasted  six  months.     Seven 

The  German  Emigration 


hundred  altogether  had  died  on  the  way  over  and  soon  after 
they  had  landed. 

The  authorities  would  not  permit  them  to  land  at  the  city 
from  fear  of  contagious  diseases,  and  they  were  temporarily 
lodged  on  Nutten  (now  Governor's)  Island. 

On  the  24th  of  June  the  frigate,  Herbert,  with  the  tools, 
tents  and  arms,  provided  for  the  emigrants  was  cast  away  on 
Montauk  Point,  and  the  Berkeley  Castle  was  still  missing.  On 
the  12  of  July  the  Governor  established  courts  of  justice  on 
Nutten  Island  for  the  government  and  protection  of  the  Pala- 
tines and  forbade  exactions  and  extortions  in  the  price  of  bread 
and  provisions  purchased  by  them.  On  the  20th  an  order  of 
council  provided  for  apprenticing  such  of  the  Palatine  children 
as  were  orphans  or  whose  parents  were  unable  to  support  them. 
The  boys  were  bound  out  until  seventeen  years  old  and  the 
girls  until  fifteen. 

Fifteen  hundred  adults  were  sent  a  hundred  miles  up  the 
Hudson  and  formed  the  settlements  on  both  sides  of  the  river, 
of  East  and  West  Camps,  Haysberg,  Annsberg  and  Queensberg. 


— **— 

Who  They  Were — Where  They  Settled,  and  Their  Traits 
of  Character. 

JVEN  at  the  risk  of  being  tedious,  it  would 
seem  necessary  to  give  several  lists 
of  names,  which  may  give  some  idea  of 
the  number  of  the  early  Germans  of 
New  Jersey.  An  extensive  list  of  those 
who  arrived  before  the  Revolution  may- 
be compiled  from  several  sources  :  First, 
the  list  of  arrivals  in  New  Amsterdam  in  the  second  emigration 
of  1 7 10,  compared  with  the  records  of  baptisms  and  marriages 
in  New  Jersey  by  the  Rev.  Justus  Falckner  ;  second,  the  list  of 
those  naturalized  by  the  General  Assembly  from  1730  to  1772, 
who  were  described  as  "  those  born  under  the  Emperor  of  Ger- 
many and  other  princes  in  amity  with  the  Crown  of  Great 

Next  in  order  of  time  is  the  list  of  the  lessees  of  the  West 
Jersey  Society  lands  in  Hunterdon  county  in  the  year  1735. 
The  land  taken  up  by  them  in  parcels  of   100  or   200   acres 

The  German  Immigrants  35 

amounts  to  only  12  thousand  acres,  yet  they  included  all  who 
occupied  the  society  lands  (nearly  all  of  what  is  now  Hunterdon 
county)  except  the  10,000  acre  tract  of  Cox  and  Kirkbride. 

The  list  of  voters  of  Hunterdon  county  (including  what  are 
now  Sussex,  Warren  and  Morris  counties)  in  1738  affords  us  a 
few  additional  names. 

The  signers  to  Rev.  Albert  Weygand's  call  in  1749  include 
every  salary  payer  and  are  seventy-eight  in  number,  to  these 
we  may  add  some  additional  names  from  the  subscription  list 
toward  the  building  of  a  parsonage  barn  in  1754,  and  in  1756 
toward  the  erection  of  a  church  at  Bedminster. 

In  1763  the  estate  was  settled  of  the  old  German  storekeeper 
at  German  Valley,  John  Peter  Nitzer  by  name,  and  we  obtain 
from  his  books  220  names,  some  of  which  would  be  otherwise 

The  baptismal  registers  of  German  Valley,  Lebanon,  Alex- 
andria, New  Germantown,  Spruce  Run,  Stillwater,  all  begin 
about  1760  and  increase  the  number  of  names.  The  records  of 
wills  and  of  property  transfers,  gravestones  and  family  bibles, 
complete  our  sources  of  information. 

Those  who  arrived  at  New  York  in  1710  were  :  Johan  Wm. 
Schneider,  Johannes  Lorentz,  the  widow  Elisabeth  Mueller, 
Hermanes  Hoffman,  Heinrich  Schmidt,  Michael  Henneschid 
[Hendershot],  John  Peter  ffucks  [Fox],  Simon  Vogt,  Johannes 
and  Nicholas  Jung  [Young],  Heironymus  [Jerome]  Klein,  the 
widow  A.  Maria  Cramer  and  Frantz  Lucas. 

Before  1720 — Marcus  Koenig,  from  the  principality  of  Halber- 
stadt ;  Laurens  Ruloffson,  from  Copenhagen  ;  Balthazar  Pickle 
and  Gertrude  Reiter,  from  the  Graff schaft  Hartenberg;  probably 
at  the  same  time,  John  Nicholas  and  Frantz  Wilhelm  Pickel, 
John  Peter  Appleman,  Jacob  Risch,  Michael  Smit,  Johan  Titel, 
John  Parleman,  Daniel  Shumacher,  Paul  Braun,  Andreas  and 
Johannes  Roos  [or  Rose],  Johann  Peter  Voss,  Christian  Streydt 
and  wife  Maria  Ursula,  Michael  Shurts  and  wife  Elis., 
Johannes  Jurgen  Riemer  and  wife  Elis.,  Matthias  Reinhold  and 
and  wife  Eva,  Hermen  Richiman  and  wife  Maria  Elis.;  Johannes, 
Johan  Jurgen  and  Peter  Kastner,  Martin  Stein  and  wife 
Johanna  Maria,  Jurgen  Puff,  Pieter  Poel  and  wife  Anna  Sophia. 

36  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

The  other  list  of  names  will  be  given  in  full  in  the  appen- 

As  the  Germans  were  predominantly  a  religious  people  we 
may  locate  them  by  their  churches.  In  Amwell  township, 
Hunterdon  county,  there  was  a  German  church  in  the  present 
village  of  Ringoes.  There  was  a  settlement  of  Germans  in  this 
vicinity  as  early  as  1721  as  appears  from  a  road  survey  of  that 
date  in  which  there  is  mention  of  "the  palatins'  land." 

A  few  names  of  those  who  belonged  to  the  stone  church 
built  here  in  1749  are  Woolever,  Hoffman,  Kase,  Rockafellow, 
Young,  Kuhl,  Ballisfelt,  Trimmer,  Dietz,  Winter,  Snider,  Min- 
gus.  Perhaps  also,  Fisher,  Bearder,  Fulper,  Hoppock,  Hann, 
Dilts,  Risler,  Boss,  Bishop,  Servis,  Snook,  Werts,  Lyst,  Wombock. 

In  Alexandria  township  there  was  a  church  before  1766, 
where  at  present  the  Presbyterian  Church  of  Mount  Pleasant  is 

Here  worshipped  the  German  Reformed  families  :  Huner, 
Horn,  Schlaut,  Casper,  Hollenberger,  Fishbach,  Bitzer,  Schmid, 
Blom,  Morkel,  Young,  Eberts,  Loesch,  Apgar,  Alpock,  Enders, 
Rockefellar,  Henn,  Metier,  Lampen,  Case,  Dilts,  Badenheimer, 
Reinschmidt,  Otto,  Bolsin,  Klein,  Schneider,  Wagner,  Kuhl, 
Geist,  Alsentz,  Solomon,  Schrei,  Zingler,  Patenheimer,  Rimer 
and  others. 

Near  Phillipsburg  there  was  a  Lutheran  Church  at  least  as 
early  as  1762,  being  mentioned  as  found  there  at  that  date  in 
one  of  the  surveys  of  John  Rockhill. 

In  Stillwater,  Sussex  county,  there  was  a  Union  church  as 
early  as  the  middle  of  the  last  century.  Services  in  German 
were  also  held  very  early  in  the  neighborhood  of  Newton,  Sus- 
sex county.  And  these  churches  were  attended  by  the  follow- 
ing families  :  Schwartzwelder,  Schuester,  Merkel,  Kien,  Hafer, 
Schnauber,  Kaiser,  Savacool,  Gerlach,  Nolten,  Goeler,  Stahley, 
Weyker,  Sipperly,  Raub,  Kunckel,  Reuss,  Ginsberg,  Reiss, 
Waas,  Adam,  Main,  Naedel,  Sundel.  Muth,  Hess,  Gruber,  Shafer, 
Wintermute,  Snover,  Gottschall,  Shiner,  Dodderer,  Willerich, 
Youngblood,  Kirschbach,  Knauble,  Hamann,  Shipman,  Titman, 
Swick,  Neubacker,  Hawk,  Koker  and  others. 

At  Pluckamin  the  Lutheran  Church  was  supported  by  the 

The  German  Immigrants  37 

Appelmans,  Castners,  Teeples,  Eoffs,  Folks,  Fishers,  Gillings, 
Henrys,  Kings,  Loders,  Moelicks,  Neffs,  Bergers,  Pickles, 
Remers,  Rushes,  and  others. 

At  Spruce  Run  we  find  the  families,  Lunger,  Leininger, 
Hearelt,  Saeger,  Hoff,  Heil,  Skilly,  Gebhard,  Mohr,  Eichler, 
Buchler,  Faust,  Castner,  Martini,  Simmens,  Hipp,  Benghard, 
Sasseman,  Hess,  Staenger,  Boehler,  Schwartz,  Shultz,  Miller, 
Gaeri,  Hunold,  Miltz,  Felvert,  Buckner,  Hoffman,  Baats,  and 

In  the  neighborhood  of  Lebanon  settled  the  families  of 
Apgar,  Hofman,  Hochstenbach,  Scharfenstein,  Becker,  Roden- 
baugh,  Hummer,  Case,  Lindaberry,  Deats,  Schnetz,  Engel,  Aller, 
Cramer,  Dilts,  Kempel,  Henry,  Lefier,  Mueller,  Wilhelm,  Kohl, 
Schumaker,  Schneider,  Dildein,  Popencher,  Seifers,  Crazly, 
Lance,  Hess,  Sevitsch,  Humerich,  Klacs,  Seelbach,  Philhower, 
Tiger,  Cregar,  Hiler,  Felmley,  Cripps,  Yauger,  Scharfenstein, 

To  the  vicinity  of  German  Valley  belonged  the  Welshs, 
Eicks,  Raricks,  Strubels,  Sharfensteins,  Heils,  Schulers,  Shu- 
mans,  Hafers,  Flomervelts,  Mahlers,  Bessels,  Fishers,  Hagers, 
Youngs,  Longhaars,  Stelts,  Meyers,  Webers,  Hubers,  Hanns, 
Terryberrys,  Kochs,  Cripps,  Paces,  Trimmers,  Alpocks,  Wein- 
gartens,  Fraces,  Bnnns,  Creters,  Heldebrants,  Waldorfs,  Kerns, 
Bitzers,  Frones,  Neighbors,  Swackhamers,  Weises,  Duffords, 
Naughrights,  Trimmers,  Alpocks,  Beams,  Aders,  Reinhards, 

At  Knowlton  there  was  a  German  Reformed  Church  before 
the  Revolution. 

The  Moravians  were  established  at  Hope,  Warren  county, 
and  Montague,  Sussex  county,  before  the  Revolution. 

The  New  Germantown  Lutheran  Church  was  built  in  1750 
to  take  the  place  of  the  four  churches  of  Rockaway,  at  Potters- 
town,  built  in  1731,  Lesleysland  or  Whitehouse,  "  The  Church 
on  the  Mountain,"  east  of  Pluckamin  and  Fox  Hill,  afterwards 
divided  into  German  Valley  and  Fox  Hill. 

The  bulk  of  the  German  population  was  therefore  to  be 
found  between  Lambertville  and  Newton  and  the  Delaware 
and  Bound  Brook. 

36  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Their  Characteristics. 

New  Jersey,  was  perhaps,  the  most  cosmopolitan,  so  to  speakr 
of  all  the  original  thirteen  States  ;  and  though  small  in  size  it 
was  the  theatre  of  a  large  part  of  the  Revolutionary  war.  The 
character  of  its  people  would  necessarily  thus  have  much  to  do 
with  the  result  of  that  most  critical  struggle.  How  interesting, 
therefore,  that  commingling  of  races,  which  arose  from  the 
presence  of  the  Swedes  in  the  southern,  the  Hollanders  in  the 
central,  and  the  New  Englanders  in  the  northern  part  of  the 
State.  To  these  were  soon  added  the  Palatines  or  Germans  of 
Hunterdon,  Warren  and  a  part  of  Morris  and  Sussex  counties, 
and  these  moreover  were  representative  Germans  for  they  came 
from  nearly  all  parts  of  the  Fatherland.  For  we  trace  to  the 
extreme  north  the  Barthels  and  Roelfsens ;  the  former  to 
Hamburg  and  the  latter  to  Denmark  ;  while  from  the  borders 
of  Italy  the  Apgars  began  their  long  journey  to  the  sea,  and 
Sassenberg,  Pungstad,  Waldorf,  Wittemberg  and  the  Palatinate 
all  added  their  several  streams  which  united  at  the  seacoast  of 
Holland  into  a  mighty  flood  of  emigration  that  poured  its 
teeming  life  into  New  Jersey,  Pennsylvania  and  the  Carolinas. 
Nor  was  this  the  influx  of  an  element  whose  character  was 
weak  or  indifferent  in  itself.  For  though  poor  almost  to  star- 
vation and  made  more  helpless,  through  their  foreign  language; 
the  prey  of  land  sharks,  press-gangs  and  all  the  remorseless 
cruelty  of  the  "White  Slavery;"  with  their  numbers  decimated 
by  incessant  sickness  and  privation  ;  with  families  torn  asunder 
and  separated  for  years,  these  forsaken  refugees  finally  over- 
came all  difficulties  and  settled  down  in  well  earned,  but  hardly 
won,  security  and  peace.  No  worse  sufferings,  no  harsher 
treatment,  than  they  had  to  endure,  were  experienced  either 
by  Puritan  or  Huguenot.  And  their  final  success  was  just  as 
much  a  product  and  proof  of  their  pre-eminent  sturdiness  of 
moral  and  intellectual  character. 

The  German  Race. 

It  is  hardly  necessary  in  the  present  age  of  the  world  to 
dwell  upon  the  superior  and  innate  excellence  in  many  respects 
of  the  German  race,  and  yet  it  is  due  to  the  very  reality  and 

The  German  Immigrants  39 

depth  of  this  excellence  that  it  is  unobtrusive  and  largely  be- 
neath the  surface.  Whatever,  indeed,  of  racial  vigor  has 
brought  the  German  Empire  to  the  front  and  made  it  the  Um- 
pire of  all  Europe,  this  may  be  safely  attributed  to  the  ancestry 
of  the  present  subjects  of  Kaiser  Wilhelm,  from  among  whom 
our  forefathers  came. 

While  of  course  no  complete  picture  can  be  presented  of  life 
as  it  existed  in  a  frontier  settlement  and  in  connection  with  a 
hard  struggle  for  mere  existence,  yet  whatever  knowledge  does 
come  to  us  from  a  time  so  remote  and  from  surroundings  so 
obscure,  must  be  all  the  more  decisive  and  reliable.  Thus  we 
find  proof  of 

Their  Intelligence 

in  the  anxiety  they  expressed  at  the  very  start  for  the  services 
of  catechists  or  teachers  and  for  an  educated  ministry. 

The  first  settlers  of  German  Valley,  in  particular,  are  said  to 
have  been  distinguished  by  their  intelligence. 

In  1760  the  large  sum  of  money,  for  that  time,  of  one  thou- 
sand pounds  was  left  to  the  church  of  New  Germantown  for  the 
double  purpose  of  supporting  the  church  and  the  school. 

With  respect  to  the  ministry  we  find  that,  although  many 
uneducated  men  secured  a  hearing  for  a  time,  yet  their  con- 
gregations soon  dismissed  them  and  willingly  faced  the  expense 
and  trouble  of  procuring  fully  equipped  pastors  from  across 
the  seas. 

Muhlenberg  even  recommends  that  the  German  pastors 
should  be  able  to  speak  the  Latin  language,  in  order  to  conr 
verse  with  the  ministers  of  other  churches,  whose  language 
they  might  not  understand.  And  Muhlenberg  himself  was  able 
to  preach  In  Low  Dutch  and  High  Dutch  as  well  as  in  English 
and  French. 

Another  excellent  trait  of  our  early  settlers  was  their  high 

Sense  of  Honor. 

This  is  shown  by  their  persistent  loyalty  to  the  English  Crown 
even  in  the  American  Revolution.  They  could  not  forget  that 
when  they  first  landed  at  Philadelphia,  thev  had  sworn  alle- 
giance to  Great  Britain,  while  the  vast  improvement  of  their 

40  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

political  condition  in  this  country  over  that  of  their  native  land 
kept  many  of  them  from  really  understanding  the  nature  of  the 
great  struggle  of  the  colonies  for  freedom.  Very  many,  how- 
ever, did  understand  the  war  with  England  and  cheerfully  sur- 
rendered life  and  property  at  the  call  of  their  country. 

In  1747  when  Michael  Schlatter  visited  this  vicinity  and  held 
service  at  Fox  Hill  in  the  old  log  church  on  what  is  now  called 
the  Aunt  Katy  Sutton  farm,  he  received  a  pecuniary  reward 
for  his  labors.  This  was  so  exceptional  as  to  call  for  particular 
notice  on  the  part  of  Father  Schlatter.  Moreover  when  the 
continental  currency  had  suffered  such  disastrous  depreciation, 
the  members  of  the  new  Germantown  vestry,  who  had  bor- 
rowed the  church  funds  some  years  previously,  and  then  only 
to  help  the  church  along,  refused  to  allow  the  church  to  suffer 
all  the  loss  by  depreciation  of  the  money  which  had  been  en- 
trusted but  offered  to  pay  back  the  equivalent  in  real  value  to 
them.     Their 

with  the  exception  noted  above,  was  pre-eminent,  at  least  in 
particular  cases,  and,  indeed,  nearly  every  family  had  repre- 
sentatives in  the  ranks  of  the  continental  forces. 

For  example,  John  Wesley  Gilbert  Nevelling,  who  served 
the  Amwell  Church  at  the  beginning  of  his  ministry,  converted 
all  his  property  during  the  Revolutionary  struggle  into  money 
which,  amounting  to  five  thousand  pounds,  he  loaned  to  the 
Continental  Congress,  and  having  lost  the  certificate  or  receipt 
of  the  government  never  recovered  any  of  the  amount.  He 
also  joined  the  army  as  a  chaplain,  was  highly  esteemed  by 
Washington  and  equally  hated  by  the  enemy.  A  large  reward 
was  offered  by  the  British  Government  for  his  capture. 

The  efficient  and  important  services  of  Peter  Muhlenberg, 
the  eldest  son  of  Henry  Melchior,  as  a  general  in  the  American 
army  are  too  familiar  to  need  more  particular  mention  here. 
In  their 

Religious  Character 
our  forefathers  were  generally  devout,  fervent  and  spiritual. 
They  laid  stress  upon  the  inner  life  of  the  heart  rather  than 
upon  outward  forms  and  ceremonies.     No  conflict  arose  among 

The  Gernan  Immigrants  41 

them  such  as  threatened  to  rend  asunder  the  early  Holland 
churches  of  this  country  between  the  evangelical  party  and  the 
mere  formalists.  It  was  a  general  custom  for  Muhlenberg  and 
his  fellow  ministers  to  conduct  a  regular  inquiry  into  the  per- 
sonal experience  of  church  members  at  each  communion  season. 
And,  indeed,  after  every  preaching  service  the  hearers  were 
questioned  about  what  they  had  heard  and  a  more  personal 
application  was  made  of  the  truth  which  had  just  been  publicly 
proclaimed.  This  would  seem  to  have  been  a  fair  equivalent 
for  the  modern  inquiry  meeting. 

In  the  midst  of  the  ordinary  difficulties  by  which  they  were 
surrounded,  to  maintain  any  religious  interest  at  all  would  seem 
difficult  enough,  but  tor  them  to  still  cling  to  the  church  in  the 
face  of  active  opposition  from  wandering  preachers  of  loose 
character  and  from  unfaithful  pastors,  who  used  their  calling 
only  as  a  cloak  for  the  indulgence  of  evil  passions,  should 
awaken  our  astonishment  and  admiration. 

The  early  Germans  were  almost  universally 

Religious  People. 

Their  history  is  therefore  largely  the  history  of  their  churches. 
And  though  the  more  immediate  motive  for  their  emigration 
from  their  native  land  may  not  have  been  to  escape  from  re- 
ligious persecution,  yet  the  privations  and  restrictions  of  their 
life  at  home,  from  which  they  sought  to  escape,  had  been  caused 
through  their  faithfulness  to  the  truth  in  previous  years. 

The  devastations  and  ravages  of  the  soldiers  of  Turenne 
throughout  Western  Germany,  in  1689  and  1692,  was  the  re- 
mote if  not  the  nearer  occasion  of  the  larger  exodus  to  London 
in  the  year  1709.  The  destruction  of  ?,ooo  villages  and  the 
frequent  traversing  of  the  Palatinate  by  the  French  armies 
would  leave  but  a  small  chance  of  subsistence  for  the  much 
enduring  people.  When  we  add  to  these  misfortunes,  the  con- 
version of  their  prince,  John. William,  of  Newburg,  to  Catho- 
licism, we  cannot  wonder  at  the  sudden  flight  of  the  vast  mul- 
titude, who  sought  refuge  in  England  in  the  above  year.  At 
that  time  the  suburbs  of  London  were  thronged  with  an  army 
of  Palatines  who  encamped  there  to  the  number  of  13  thousand 

42  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

and  appealed  to  the  charity  of  the  astonished  inhabitants.  It 
was  found  by  an  official  investigation  that  over-zealous  land 
agents,  representing  the  proprietors  of  large  tracts  in  America, 
had  spread  throughout  Germany  printed  notices  of  various 
kinds  to  encourage  with  various  inducements  a  large  emigra- 
tion to  the  colonies. 

Religious  Differences. 

If  the  vigor  of  a  religion  is  shown,  as  it  is  said  to  be,  by 
the  number  and  variety  of  its  various  divisions,  then  our  first 
settlers  must  take  the  lead  in  this  respect,  for  in  1734  a  traveller 
through  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  found  among  the  Ger- 
man population  all  denominations  and  sects,  "  Lutherans,  Re- 
formed, Episcopals,  Presbyterians,  Catholics,  Quakers,  Tunk- 
ers,  Mennonites,  Sabbatherians,  Seventh-day  Baptists,  Separa- 
tists, Boehmists,  Schwenckfeldians,  Tuchfeldtians,  Eucthelists, 
Jews  and  Pagans  &c."  But  the  majority,  at  least  in  New  Jer- 
sey, were  either  Lutheran  or  German  Reformed  in  their  form- 
of  religious  belief  and  practice.  The  difference  between  these 
two  concerned  matters  of  government,  worship  and  doctrine. 
Indeed  they  differed  in  origin.  The  Lutherans  taking  their 
name  from  the  great  Reformer,  were  at  first  Reformed  Catho- 
lics, while  the  German  Reformed  were  so  called  because  they 
claimed  to  be  Reformed  Lutherans.  The  adherents  of  Luther 
retained  at  first  some  of  the  objectionable  features  of  Papal 
forms  and  ceremonies.  In  some  places  they  accepted  baptismal 
regeneration,  and  also  believed  that  one  who  partook  of  the 
Lord's  Supper  really  received  the  body  of  Christ  whether 
worthy  or  not. 

The  Reformed,  on  the  other  hand,  were  guilty  of  going  to 
the  opposite  extreme.  They  often  used  simply  wooden  platters 
in  the  Sacrament.  They  rejected  the  use  of  the  organ  and  of 
church  bells,  threw  out  everything  in  the  shape  of  an  altar  in 
their  worship,  and  even  of  any  'distinctive  vestments  for  the 
preacher.  One  was  as  much  too  fast  as  the  other  was  too  slow, 
in  reforming  old  abuses. 

In  church  government  the  Lutherans  became  Episcopalian, 
and  the  Reformed,  Presbyterial. 

The  German  Immigrants  43 

In  matters  of  doctrine,  however,  was  to  be  found  the  most 
sharply  dividing  line.  With  respect  to  the  doctrine  of  predes- 
tination, especially,  the  German  Protestants  soon  took  opposite 
sides.  "At  first  all  the  Reformers  were  Predestinarians.  The 
Romanists  had  so  emphasized  man's  good  works  as  necessary 
to  salvation,  that  the  Reformers  went  to  the  other  extreme,  and 
emphasized  God's  grace  and  sovereignity  as  the  only  source  of 
salvation.  Melancthon,  in  the  Lutheran  Church,  finally  retired 
from  the  high  predestinarian  position,  and  carried  the  Lutheran 
Church  with  him.  While  on  the  other  hand  Calvin  progressed 
in  it,  until  he  formulated  the  doctrine  for  the  Reformed 

We  have  been  speaking  of  a  state  of  religious  opinion  as  it 
existed  two  centuries  ago.  In  the  present  day,  however,  there 
is  practically  but  little  difference  between  the  evangelical 
wings  of  these  two  great  divisions  of  German  Protestantism. 

Theoretical  and  formal  differences  still  remain  but  do  not 
seriously  interfere  with  hearty  co-operation  and  reciprocal  re- 
spect and  good  will. 



HE  denominational  strictness  of  our  Luth- 
eran brethren  in  the  earl)-  period  of  the 
history  of  our  State,  was  of  great  advan- 
tage in  keeping  distinct  from  those  of 
other  religious  bodies  the  historical  rec- 
ords and  development  of  at  least  one 
large  division  of  the  German  settlers. 
The  German  Reformed,  on  the  other  hand,  were  under  the 
charge  of  the  Holland  Church,  and  became  in  many  cases 
identified  with  the  Low  Dutch.  In  this  way  they  failed  to  have 
a  distinct  and  separate  history.  We  are,  therefore,  almost  alto- 
gether dependent  upon  the  records  of  the  Lutheran  Church  for 
our  account  of  the  early  history  of  the  German  emigrants. 
Hence  the  early  history  of  our  section  must  be  found  in  the 
history  of  that  body.  Some  account  therefore  of  the  early  de- 
velopment of  this  denomination  is  in  place  here.  Strange  to 
say,  the  parish  of  the  first 

Lutheran  Church  of  New  York  City 
included  all  of  Northern  and  Central  New  Jersey.  This 
organization  was  at  first  kept  under  and  almost  crushed  out  by 
the  illiberal  opinions  and  methods  of  the  Reformed  Church  in 
the  city.  Governor  Peter  Stuyvesant  was  especially  zealous  in 
preventing  all  other  forms  of  religious  opinion  but  the  estab- 
lished church,  and  the  English,  after  they  had  attained  to  the 
supremacy,  were  not  far  behind  him  in  their  intolerance  of  any 
dissent.  Thus  it  was  not  until  the  beginning  of  the  eighteenth 
century  that  a  complete  and  well  organized  church  life  became 
possible   to  our   Lutheran  ancestors.     At   that  time,  in   1703, 

Early  Church  History  45 

Justus  Falkner  became,  practically,  the  first  pastor  of  the 
Lutheran  Church  in  the  city.  Other  pastors  had  preceded 
him,  but  their  labors  were  restricted  and  interrupted,  so  that 
they  only  sufficed  to  keep  the  flickering  flame  of  their  church's 
life  from  dying  out  altogether. 

In  the  city  and  in  Albany  county,  New  York,  and  Bergen 
county,  New  Jersey,  the  members  of  the  Lutheran  Church 
were  almost  altogether  of  Holland  descent.  Thus,  the  history 
and  the  records  of  the  churches  of  Hackensack,  Ramseys  or 
Saddle  River,  do  not  particularly  relate  to  our  subject. 

Likewise  the  Lutheran  Church  in  South  Jersey,  of  very 
early  origin,  belongs  more  to  the  history  of  the  Swedish  settlers, 
of  whom  they  were  almost  exclusively  formed,  than  to  that  of 
the  Germans. 

With  the  first  German  emigration  to  New  York,  in  1709, 
came  pastor  Joshua  Kocherthal,  whose  field  of  labor  centred 
in  the  site  of  the  present  city  of  Newburg,  But  the  first  in- 
stallment of  our  ancestors  came  with  the  second  emigration  in 
1 7 10.  They  found  a  consecrated  and  devoted  religious  teacher 
already  at  work  in  their  new  home  in  the  person  of  the  above 

Justus  Falcjcner. 

This  excellent  man  had  come  to  this  country  with  his  brother 
Daniel  Falckner,  both  of  them  being  land  agents  of  some  of 
the  proprietors  in  London.  While  at  first  actively  engaged  in 
secular  pursuits  Mr.  Falckner  felt  an  irresistible  appeal  touch- 
ing his  heart  from  the  pitiable  religious  condition  of  his  fellow- 
countrymen  living  around  him.  Having  been  destined  to  the 
ministry  in  his  native  land  and  educated  with  that  end  in  view, 
he  now  sought  to  renew  those  vows,  which  he  had  laid  aside, 
and  sought  consecration  at  the  hands  of  the  Swedish  ministers 
near  the  mouth  of  the  Delaware.  Pastor  Rudman  had  selected 
him  for  his  successor  in  New  York  and  he  was  ordained  in  the 
Swedish  Church  in  Philadelphia,  25th  November,  1703,  by  the 
Swedish  ministers  Rudman,  Biork  and  Sandel.  This  was  the 
first  full  ordination  in  America  of  a  Lutheran  preacher.  His 
ministry  in  New  York  and  New  Jersey  continued  from  1703 
until  his  death  in  1723. 

46  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

A  Model  Pastor. 

Of  him  a  recent  historian  says  :  A  particularly  amiable,  at- 
tractive character  it  is,  which  stands  before  us  in  the  person  of 
Pastor  Justus  Falckner  during  his  twenty  years  activity  ;  a 
man  of  excellent  gifts,  fine  learning,  beautiful  disposition, 
heartily  pious  mind,  a  decidedly  Lutheran  standpoint,  quiet 
and  persistent  industry,  in  short,  a  complete  pastor.  He  had 
accepted  the  office  in  the  consciousness  that  he  could  do  noth- 
ing without  divine  help.  That  God  himself  would  make  him 
capable  was  his  heart's  desire.  In  the  Church  book  he  wrote 
on  the  first  day  of  his  activity,  after  a  short  communication 
with  reference  to  his  arrival  and  his  entrance  upon  his  office, 
the  following  prayer  in  Latin  :  "  God  the  father  of  all  good 
and  Lord  of  great  majesty,  who  has  thrust  me  into  this  har- 
vest, be  with  me,  his  least  and  wholly  weak  worker  with 
his  special  grace,  without  which  I  cannot  succeed  under  the 
burden  of  temptations,  which  often  powerfully  assail  me.  In 
thee,  Lord,  do  I  put  my  trust,  let  me  not  be  put  to  shame. 
Make  me  fit  for  my  calling.  I  have  not  run  but  thou  hast 
sent  me,  yea,  thrust  me  into  my  office.  Free  me  from  what- 
ever taint  my  lost  nature,  always  without  my  consent,  may 
mingle  with  my  service.  Pardon  me  I  humbly  beseech,  through 
our,  yea  my  Lord  Jesus  Christ.     Amen." 

Such  a  man,  as  we  might  expect,  performed  with  a  great 
deal  of  feeling  every  service.  The  forms  of  baptism  and  con- 
firmation were  observed  with  most  devout  and  earnest  prayer 
for  the  divine  blessing  as  the  records  themselves  abundantly 

The  people  here,  both  Holland  and  German  Lutherans, 
were  also  under  the  care  of  Pastor  W.  Charles  Berkenmeyer, 
who  succeeded  Mr.  Falckner  in  his  New  York  charge.  Thus 
our  forefathers  enjoyed  occasional  preaching,  probably  only  a 
few  times  a  year,  from  the  pastors  in  New  York  until  1734.  By 
this  time  more  immigrants  had  arrived,  and  were  numerous 
enough  to  support  a  pastor  of  their  own.  But  ministers  were 
very  scarce  in  those  days,  so  it  was  necessary  to  send  a  call  to 
the  old  country  and  have  one  sent  out  to  supply  this  needy 
field.     Upon  the  advice,  therefore,  of  Mr.  Berkenmeyer,  a  call 

Early  Church  History  47 

was  formally  made  out  and  signed  by  those  who  promised  to 
support  him  with  the  particular  amount  of  salary  each  offered 
to  give  to  his  pastor.  This  call  was  forwarded  to  the  minis- 
terium  of  Hamburg  in  the  year  1734.  This  ecclesiastical  body, 
corresponding  to  what  we  call  a  presbytery  or  conference,  was 
to  chose  a  minister  that  would  be  willing  to  come,  and  also 
suitable  for  the  work,  and  ordain  him.  The  money  for  his  pas- 
sage was  sent  with  the  call,  and  everything  seemed  to  have  been 
done  by  the  congregations  that  could  be  done  to  show  their 
interest  in  religion  and  their  generous  and  intelligent  character. 

The  ecclesiastical  body  in  Hamburg  seemed  to  have  exer- 
cised due  care  and  deliberation  in  choosing  the  man  whose 
name  they  were  to  insert  the  place  left  vacant  for  that  purpose 
in  the  call  which  had  been  forwarded  to  them.  But  by  a  most 
mysterious  providence,  all  this  care  and  forethought  proved  in 
vain,  and  served  only  to  introduce  a  source  of  discord  and  dis- 
sension and  an  occasion  of  most  injurious  scandal  for  twelve 
long  weary  years. 

The  following  account  of  another  minister  who  rendered 
service  to  the  Germans  Lutherans  in  this  State  and  of  the  way 
in  which  the  first  pastor  came  to  be  called  is  translated  from 
the  recently  published  History  of  Lutheranism  in  America  by 
Prof.  Graebner  of  St.  Louis  : 

"  During  the  lifetime  of  Justus  Falckner  his  brother 
Daniel  Falckner 
had  performed  ministerial  work  among  the  Raritan  churches. 
After  the  death  of  the  former,  the  latter  had  also  labored 
among  the  churches  along  the  Hudson,  as  the  following  record 
in  the  Newberg  church  book  shows  :  "  In  the  year  1724  on 
the  last  day  of  September  the  following  were  baptised  by  me, 
Daniel  Falckner,  pastor  at  Millstone  and  in  the  mountains 
near  the  river  Raritan  in  place  of  the  deceased  Kocherthal 
and  of  my  deceased  brother." 

The  following  we  quote  from  Prof.  Graebrer's  History  of 
Lutheranism  : 

"  In  New  Jersey  a  series  of  small  German-Lutheran  congre- 
gation extended  north  from  the  Raritan  river.  These  were 
visited  from  year  to  year  by  Justus  Falckner.     They  were,  "In 

48  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

the  mountains,"  Millstone,  at  Uylekill  [Wallkill  ?],  Remmers- 
pach  [Ramapo],  Hanover  and  Rockaway.  In  these  congrega- 
tions, Daniel  Falckner  had  settled  as  pastor,  but  had  now  grown 
old.  Two  daughters  of  his  had  married  men  belonging  to  his 
congregation,  one  a  brewer  William  Dern  by  name,  and  the 
other  a  farmer  by  the  name  of  John  Kasner.  Physically  Mr. 
Falckner  was  still  fit  for  service,  his  eyesight  was  still  sharp 
and  enabled  him  to  continue  his  studies  in  botany.  But  he  had 
a  difficulty  in  his  head,  so  that  the  congregation  desired  another 
pastor.  Candidates  were  heard,  the  first  of  whom  Caspar 
Stoever  would  have  been  called,  if  he  had  been  able  to  get 
ordained,  but  the  Swedish  minister  Cneberg,  declared  he  had 
no  authority  to  ordain.  A  schoolmaster  by  the  name  of  Mues- 
selbach  was  also  rejected  and  probably  for  the  same  reason.  A 
committee  from  the  congregations  then  appealed  to  Rev. 
Berkenmeyer,  pastor  of  the  New  York  congregation  of  Dutch 
Lutherans.  They  begged  him  to  visit  their  people  and  admin- 
ister the  communion.  The}7  said  that  some  of  the  people  and 
especially  at  Rockaway  had  withdrawn  from  Falckner  two 
years  previously.  Berkenmeyer  consented  to  help  them  if  they 
would  decide  to  call  a  minister  of  their  own.  On  the  3rd  of 
August,  1 731,  accordingly  he  was  invited  to  come  to  Rockaway 
with  two  of  his  elders  upon  the  13th  Sunday  after  Trinity.  At 
the  same  time  pastor  Falckner  was  also  invited  to  appear  with 
his  people  to  help  to  bring  about  a  proper  understanding  con- 
cerning his  relations  to  the  congregations.  On  the  9th  of  Sep- 
tember Berkenmeyer  set  out  with  his  elders  John  LaGrange 
and  Henry  Schleydorn.  They  travelled  to  Elisabeth  Point  by 
water  and  there  obtained  three  horses.  They  rode  until  even- 
ing. After  a  short  rest  they  started  again  at  two  o'clock  in  the 
morning,  preferring  the  moonlight  to  the  heat  of  the  sun.  They 
desired  to  visit  Falckner  on  the  way,  in  order  to  hear  from  him 
what  he  might  have  to  say  in  his  own  behalf.  After  waiting 
some  time  for  Falckner  to  return  from  a  fishing  and  botanizing 
tour,  the}'  were  greeted  by  him  in  a  friendly  way  and  received 
the  assurance  of  his  willingness  to  resign  his  office  and  to  take 
part  in  the  meeting  to  which  he  was  invited. 

At  eight  o'clock  in  the  evening  [Sept.  10,  1731],  they  arrived 

Early  Church  History  49 

at  Rockaway  [Whitehouse],  where  they  found  their  host,  John 
Balthazar  Pickel,  engaged  in  arranging  the  pulpit  and  seats  of 
the  new  church  [at  Potterstown]. 

On  Saturday,  Sept.  nth,  preparatory  service  and  a  dedica- 
tion service  were  held.  On  the  next  day  the  communion  was 
administered  to  about  thirty  people. 

On  Monday,  Sept.  13th,  the  church  officers  had  their  meet- 
ing in  Peter  Kasner's  house,  in  the  congregation  "  In  the 
mountains-"  It  was  decided  not  to  have  preaching  either  by 
Berkenmeyer  or  Falckner,  and  also  not  to  hold  the  meeting  in 
the  church.  Berkenmeyer  began  the  speaking,  after  prayer 
had  been  offered,  with  the  expression  of  thanks  for  himself  and 
his  congregation  for  the  generous  contribution  toward  the 
building  of  the  new  church  in  the  city,  which  Falckner  had 
collected  from  his  Raritan  people  and  also  from  those  at 
Claverack.  This  subscription  had  been  sent  to  Berkenmeyer 
on  the  23rd  June,  1727.  The  conference  was  very  successful 
finally,  although  at  first  the  people  were  frightened  at  the 
suggestion  of  sending  a  written  call  which  they  should  all  sign, 
to  some  minister  in  the  old  country,  who  should  be  willing  to 
accept  it.  Falckner  admitted  his  inability  to  perform  the  duties 
of  a  pastor  and  willingly  resigned  his  claims  to  the  privileges 
of  that  position.  It  does  not  appear  whether  he  had  received 
a  written  call  or  not,  although  it  is  very  probable  that  he  had 
only  a  oral  agreement  and  depended  solely  upon  personal 
friendship  for  himself  for  any  recognition  as  pastor  of  the  three 
congregations  of  Millstone,  Pluckamin  and  Rockaway.  To 
these  we  might  add  Hanover. 

The  call,  which  was  to  be  forwarded  to  Germany,  was  duly 
signed  and  sealed.  It  was  entrusted  to  Capt.  Bruyn,  at  New 
York,  to  take  to  Hamburg  on  the  15th  of  September,  1731. 
Nothing  came  of  it,  however,  until  the  year  1734,  when  Mr. 
Wolff  was  ordained  on  the  nth  of  May  and  started  on  his  way 
to  America.  The  salary  mentioned  in  the  call  was  ^50,  the 
free  use  of  a  parsonage,  free  light  and  fuel,  free  transportation 
to  and  fro  for  the  purpose  of  administering  the  sacraments  in 
other  places.  Money  for  travelling  expenses  to  this  country 
was  also  sent  along  with  the  call.     A  second  copy  of  the  call 

50  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

was  sent  to  Hamburg  by  another  vessel  for  greater  security. 

John  Augustus  Wolf 
was  the  man  sent  over  here  as  the  first  pastor  of  the  German 
people  in  this  part  of  New  Jersey.     He  was  born  in  Loebegin, 
and  was  a  cousin  of  a  well-known  and  highly  esteemed  pastor 
in  the  old  country  of  the  same  name. 

He  was  ordained  in  the  Church  of  St.  Nicholas,  Hamburg, 
the  nth  of  May,  1734. 

Let  us  now  interrupt  for  a  few  moments  the  thread  of  our 
discourse  to  consider  the  significance  of  this  historical  event. 

The  call  of  which  we  have  been  speaking  was  given  to  Mr. 
Wolf  by  three  congregations,  called  "On  the  Mountain," 
Rackaway  [Rockaway]  and  Hanover.  "On  the  Mountain" 
was  the  old  church  which  stood  about  one  mile  east  of  Pluck - 
amin.  In  1756  it  was  replaced  by  a  stone  church  built  in 
Pluckamin,  on  the  site  now  occupied  by  a  Presbyterian  Church. 
The  second  church,  called  Rockaway,  was  in  Potterstown,  and 
is  spoken  of  in  a  deed  given  for  land  "  next  to  the  church  lot" 
by  Aree  Van  Genee  in  1741  to  Matthias  Scharfenstein. 

But  the  most  interesting  question  of  all  is  where  the  third 
church  called  Hanover  was  situated.  If  this  was  Fox  Hill, 
then  we  can  claim  a  very  early  date  for  the  settlement  of  this 
neighborhood.  We  must  remember  that  the  year  1734,  when 
these  churches  are  mentioned,  was  four  years  before  Morris 
county  was  formed.  What  is  now  Morris,  Sussex  and  Warren 
counties  were  at  that  time  only  so  many  townships  of  Hunter- 
don. I  can  find  only  three  townships  which  would  include,  in 
1738,  what  now  constitutes  the  three  counties.  These  town- 
ships were  Walpack,  Bethlehem  and  Hanover.  Of  course,  the 
names  were  very  loosely  applied,  and  the  limits  of  these  town- 
ships were  not  defined  at  all.  In  fact,  they  were  not  townships 
at  all,  but  only  convenient  ways  of  designating  particular  dis- 
tricts of  this  sparsely  settled  section. 

For  this  reason,  Hanover  township  might  very  easily  in- 
clude this  part  of  Morris  and  Hunterdon  counties. 

Still  further,  we  do  not  know  of  any  other  place  in  Morris 
county  where  a  German  church  could  have  been  established. 
Of  course,  the  New  Germantown  church  was  not  established 


Early  Church  History  51 

until  fifteen  years  later,  when  a  united  central  church  was  built 
to  take  the  place  of  the  four  that  had  formerly  constituted  one 
parish.  For  a  few  years  before,  at  least  as  early  as  1743,  there 
were  four  churches,  as  follows :  One  near  Pluckamin  called 
"On  the  Mountain,"  another  at  Whitehouse,  called  Leslysland, 
a  third  at  Potterstown  called  Rockaway,  and  a  fourth  at  Fox 
Hill.  This  last  was  undoubtedly  the  log  church  on  Aunt  Katie 
Sutton's  farm. 

Now  of  all  these  four  churches  the  only  one  that  could  with 
any  reason  be  said  to  be  in  Hanover  was  the  last  or  the  church 
on  Fox  Hill. 

This  makes  the  church  of  German  Valley  one  of  the  oldest 
in  the  two  counties.  The  Readington  church  had  as  its  first 
regular  pastor  the  Rev.  Theodorus  Jacobus  Frelinghuysen,  who 
came  over  from  Holland  just  fifteen  years  before  Pastor  Wolf. 

It  must  be  remembered  that  nearly  all  churches  in  those 
days  were  union  churches.  Preaching  was  too  rare  and  re- 
ligious services  too  infrequent  to  permit  any  sincere  worshipper 
to  make  any  difficulty  over  minor  differences  of  doctrine  or 
ritual.  Thus  a  few  German  Reformed  people  added  their 
names  to  John  Weygand's  call  to  the  New  Germantown  church 
in  1749,  and  when  the  Lutherans  built  their  church  in  1756  at 
Pluckamin,  some  of  the  Episcopal  families  living  in  the  neigh- 
borhood offered  to  help  in  its  support  if  they  could  have 
preaching  in  English  for  a  part  of  the  time. 

The  first  German  Reformed  preacher  in  this  section  was 
Michael  Schlatter,  who  came  here  from  Philadelphia  five  times : 
once  in  the  year  1747,  twice  in  1748,  once  in  1749  and  once  in 
1750.  Before  Mr.  Schlatter,  there  no  doubt  had  been  occasional 
visits  by  Reformed  preachers  from  Pennsylvania  to  baptize 
the  children  and  keep  the  different  congregations  together,  but 
the  most  of  the  Germans,  both  Lutherans  and  Reformed,  wor- 
shipped together. 

To  return,  now,  to  Mr.  Wolf,  we  find  him  welcomed  by  the 
people  to  whom  he  had  come  with  great  rejoicing.  They  had 
sent  a  great  ways  for  him  and  had  been  at  considerable  extra 
expense  on  his  account,  and  they  were  prepared  to  give  him 
every  encouragement  in  his  work  among  them. 

52  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

But  how  great  must  have  been  their  disappointment  to  hear 
bad  accounts  of  his  behavior  as  soon  as  he  had  landed  in  New 
York.  But,  of  course,  they  hoped  for  the  best,  and  made  every 
allowance  for  his  youth  and  inexperience.  They  were  not  per- 
mitted, however  to  remain  very  long  undeceived  with  regard  to 
his  true  character.  He  had  shown  on  his  first  arrival  that  he 
was  self-willed  and  obstinate,  but  he  had  no  sooner  settled 
down  on  the  Raritan  than  he  appeared  to  have  no  other  object 
in  life  but  to  get  married.  Muhlenberg  says  :  "  Right  at  the 
start  he  ran  after  the  girls  and  decided  to  marry,  but  has  come 
into  discredit  thereby  on  account  of  misconduct." 

This  was  bad  enough,  but  much  can  be  born  from  a  pastor 
who  is  a  good  preacher.  Yet  this  was  just  what  Mr.  Wolf 
does  not  seem  to  have  been  in  the  opinion  of  his  people. 
And  strange  to  say  their  objection  to  him  on  this  ground  was 
that  he  used  written  sermons.  He  was  considered  very  well 
educated  and  as  one  who  had  made  great  progress  in  liberal 
studies  but  could  not  get  along  without  notes.  This,  however, 
Muhlenberg  says,  the  congregation  could  bear  with,  especially 
as  he  had  given  out  that  he  had  lost  his  memory  upon  the  sea. 
But  it  seemed  as  though  these  afflicted  churches  were  to  drink 
their  cup  of  sorrow  to  the  very  dregs.   For  worse  soon  followed. 

Thus  began  one  of  the  most  bitter  and  prolonged  church 
quarrels  that  one  has  ever  heard  or  read  of.  Of  course,  it  is 
not  very  edifying  reading  in  itself,  but  it  illustrates  so  clearly 
the  difficulties  in  the  way  of  maintaining  church  services  in 
those  days,  and,  it  also  furnishes  such  convincing  proof  of  the 
sterling  piety  of  the  early  settlers  here,  since  they  continued 
faithful  even  under  such  severe  trouble,  that  no  apology  is 
■needed  for  giving  the  full  account  of  the  whole  matter  in  the 
words  of  Muhlenberg's  own  report  to  the  authorities  in  Ger- 
many. To  understand  the  pains  that  Muhlenberg  takes  to  ex- 
plain the  whole  controversy  fully,  we  must  remember  that  the 
ecclesiastical  bodies  in  Germany  considered  a  call  as  given  for 
life  and  would  not  consent  except  for  the  gravest  reasons  to 
dissolve  the  relationship  of  pastor  and  people.  Let  us  notice 
also  that  the  very  reasons  which  made  preaching  so  highly 
esteemed  at  that  time,  also  made  the  preachers  more  indepen- 

Early  Church  History  53 

dent  and  constituted  a  temptation  which  only  the  most  faithful 
pastors  could  resist.  We  might  well  ask  ourselves  the  question 
as  we  hear  more  of  this  now  notorious  Wolf  in  sheep's  clothing 
how  many  of  us  could  have  stood  such  outrageous  behavior  on 
the  part  of  one  who  was  our  pastor,  without  losing  all  faith  in 
the  ministry  and  giving  up  once  for  all  the  difficult  task  of 
maintaining  the  church.  Says  Muhlenberg,  "  For  eight  years 
there  were  no  confirmations,  no  sacrament,  and  everything  was 
in  decay."  But  let  us  permit  him  to  tell  the  story  in  his  own 
words.  We  now  quote  at  length  from  the  last  edition  of  the 
Hailesche  Nachrichten  or  Reports  from  the  Missionaries  here 
to  the  Seminary  at  Halle,  Germany,  which  had  sent  them 
thither  and  who  gave  them  the  authority  under  which  they 
labored,  until  a  Synod  could  be  constituted  in  this  country, 
which  was  done  in  Philadelphia  in  1748. 

A  Bitter  Church  Quarrel. 

A  letter  to  Germany  of  date  December  12,  1745,  from  Dr. 
Muhlenberg  contains  the  following :  "  Last  summer  ( 1744)  some 
men  came  to  me  from  the  neighboring  New  Jersey.  These 
men  dwell  upon  the  Raritan,  where  there  were  from  1732  to 
1736  two  strong  German  Lutheran  congregations,  which  had 
written  through  Pastor  Berkenmeyer  to  Hamburg,  and  had 
asked  for  a  preacher.  The  reverend  Ministenum  of  Hamburg 
had  thereupon  sent  to  New  Jersey  a  Mr.  August  Wolf,  of  Leb- 
egin,  with  a  license  to  preach.  This  Wolf  proved  himself  at 
the  start  in  New  York  in  the  presence  of  some  witnesses,  who 
are  still  living,  a  capricious  head  full  of  pride  and  obstinacy. 
He  has  shown  himself  one  who  has  made  great  progress  in 
liberal  studies,  but  has  no  gifts  and  training  in  spiritual  mat- 
ters, and  especially  for  preaching.  He  was  received  in  his* 
congregations  with  great  love,  and  although  he  read  all  his 
sermons,  yet  the  congregations  had  patience  with  him  because 
he  gave  out  that  he  had  lost  his  memory  upon  the  sea. 

"They  then  fell  into  strife  with  one  another,  which 
pastor  Berkenmeyer  and  Mr.  Knoll  from  New  York  have  again 
mediated.  But  Mr.  Wolf  does  not  look  at  his  office  rightly,  for 
he  is  not  willing  or  able  to  preach  without  his  written  sketches. 

54  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

He  has  married  a  farmer's  daughter  and  lived  with  her  in  con- 
tinual blows  and  quarrelling.  This  quarrelsome  life  and 
inefficiency  in  preaching  made  the  congregations  dissatis- 
fied, so  that  they  do  not  pay  him  his  promised  salary  and 
wished  even  to  have  nothing  to  do  with  him.  They  offered  him 
his  traveling  expenses  if  he  would  return  home  again,  but  he 
would  not  consent  to  do  so.  He  boasted  then  that  he  had 
brought  his  written  call  and  seal  from  Hamburg.  Mr.  Berken- 
meyer  and  Mr.  Knoll  interfered,  and  complained  to  the  Gover- 
nor of  the  unscrupulousness  of  the  congregation.  The  Gover- 
nor ordered  that  the  congregations  pay  and  support  him.  The 
congregations  complained  on  the  other  hand  that  he  did  not 
administer  his  office  well.  The  matter  then  came  to  trial  be- 
fore the  Court.  When  a  year  had  passed  Mr.  Wolf  swore  before 
the  authorities  that  he  had  performed  his  duties  according  to 
contract.  The  members  were  then  served  with  writs  of  execu- 
tion upon  their  property,  and  many  of  them  were  arrested  upon 
the  highway.  In  short,  the  office  of  preacher  was  by  these 
means  slandered,  the  youth  neglected,  the  communion  not  ad- 
ministered, the  sick  not  visited,  indeed,  there  was  such  a  deso- 
lation that  it  was  made  among  the  Germans  a  subject  of  street 
songs.  The  congregations  were  altogether  scattered  except  a 
few  families.  Such  complaints  and  legal  processes  had  con- 
tinued for  nine  or  ten  years.  The  magistrates  were  at  last 
tired  themselves  and  did  not  wish  to  give  a  decision.  In  spir- 
itual matters  the  English  magistrates  cannot  decide,  these  be- 
long to  ecclesiastical  courts.  Finally  the  matter  came  before 
the  Supreme  Court  and  caused  a  heavy  expense  to  the  congre- 
gation. The  lawyers  found  their  advantage  in  it.  Part  of  the 
members  sold  their  property  and  moved  away.  Mr.  Berken- 
meyer  and  Mr.  Knoll  tried  in  a  friendly  way  to  make  up  the 
differences.  At  one  time  Mr.  Wolf  was  willing  to  take  the 
amount  of  money  and  leave  the  congregation  ;  then  the  con- 
gregation would  not  be  willing.  At  another  time  the  congre- 
gation would  be  willing  to  give  an  amount  of  money  and  then 
Mr.  Wolf  would  not  consent.  The  congregations  could  not  be 
brought  into  any  agreement  and  reconciliation  with  Mr.  Wolf. 
Then  Mr.  Wolf  was  obstinate  and  was  not  willing  to  take  back 

Early  Church  History  55 

his  wife  nor  to  improve  his  manner  of  life.  The  congregations 
were  also  obstinate  on  account  of  the  hard  proceedings  of  law, 
and  said  "  Mr.  Wolf  is  an  hireling."  In  short,  so  much  scandal 
and  injury  to  souls  was  caused  in  these  ten  years,  that  the 
effects  will  be  felt  forever.  These  congregations  pestered  me 
for  two  years  to  help  them  to  get  free.  They  shed  abundant 
tears  over  their  children  who  wished  to  know  nothing  more  of 
religion,  because  it  presented  so  bad  an  appearance,  finally  the 
congregations  had  brought  the  matter  before  the  authorities  in 
such  a  way  that  both  agreed  to  submit  their  case  to  arbitration. 
The  arbitrators  were  to  be  four  preachers.  Mr.  Wolf  named 
upon  his  side  Mr.  Berkenmeyer  and  Mr.  Knoll  ;  the  congrega- 
tions named  Mr.  Muhlenberg  and  Rev.  Mr.  Brunnholz.  For 
the  latter  Rev.  Mr.  Wagner  was  afterward  substituted. 

"  We  gave  both  parties  a  hearing  and  were  engaged  four  days 
and  four  nights  in  rumaging  through  the  matters  which  had 
been  for  many  years  subjects  of  litigation  ;  and  I  can  say  that 
I  never  in  all  my  life  had  a  task  so  hard  and  disagreeable. 
There  was  such  a  bitterness  between  the  congregations  and 
the  preacher  Wolf,  that  an  agreement  was  impossible.  The 
congregations  desired  nothing  but  to  be  separated  from  the 
evil  man,  but  Mr.  Wolf  could  argue  and  speak  to  his  own  ad- 
vantage as  well  as  the  best  of  advocates.  We  would  have  will- 
ingly declined  to  interfere  and  let  the  matter  come  to  the 
reverend  Ministerium  at  Hamburg,  but  that  was  opposed  to 
the  purpose  of  the  arbitration,  and  the  magistrates  wished  it  to 
be  concluded  and  not  to  be  prolonged  still  further. 

After  much  investigation  we  found,  first,  that  Mr.  Wolf 
himself  had  been  the  primary  cause  of  all  the  contention  and 
scandal  ;  second,  he  was  found  to  be  an  adulterer,  who  without 
right  or  reason  had  thrust  away  his  wife  ;  third,  he  would  not 
live  with  his  wife  again  ;  fourth,  he  had  sworn  several  times 
before  the  magistrates  that  he  had  administered  his  office 
according  to  contract,  and  we  find  the  contrary  to  be  the  case  ; 
fifth,  he  had  not  once  for  the  many  years  during  which  he  had 
his  children  with  him  shown  official  and  paternal  fidelity  enough 
to  teach  them  the  ten  commandments. 

Could  one  then  with  any  equity  force  the  congregations  to 

56  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

recognize  as  a  guardian  of  souls,  one  who  was  a  corrupt  knave, 
an  adulterer,  a  perjurer,  a  wolf  and  a  disturber  of  the  com- 
munity, who  did  not  manage  his  own  household,  and  should 
they  in  reward  of  his  wickedness  pay  him  so  much  money 
yearly  ?  The  people  had  also,  it  is  true,  transgressed  with  hard 
words,  but  the  most  of  them  were  innocent,  and  then  Wolf  had 
every  time  first  given  the  occasion.  Had  we  proceeded  with 
vigor,  then  no  other  resolution  could  follow  than  to  set  the  con- 
gregation free,  since  no  reconciliation  could  take  place.  But 
we  asked  Mr.  Wolf  what  he  claimed  ;  his  written  answer  was, 
that  he  desired  a  sum  of  money  to  resign,  then  he  would  give 
up  his  rights  and  claims  on  account  of  his  call.  I  and  Mr. 
Wagner  came  to  a  conclusion  in  the  arbitration  and  decreed 
according  to  the  protocol  previously  made,  that  the  congrega- 
tions should  be  free  and  released.  But  before  this  conclusion 
was  sealed  and  subscribed  another  was  found,  to  wit,  Mr.  Wolf 
stated  in  writing,  that  he  released  and  set  free  the  congrega- 
tions from  all  claims  and  rights  which  he  at  any  time  asserted 
or  might  still  assert,  on  account  of  the  call.  In  short,  he  re- 
leased the  two  congregations  and  gave  as  a  reason  his  own 

In  return  he  claimed  after  a  long  bargaining  the  sum  of 
ninety  pounds,  Jersey  money.  This  money  was  laid  upon 
those  whose  property  had  not  been  levied  upon  by  the  authori- 
ties, and  who  had  gone  over  to  the  other  sects.  For  those 
members  who  in  consequence  of  the  writs  of  execution  had 
been  compelled  to  pay  from  year  to  year,  said  it  was  fair  that 
the  others  who  had  not  yet  given  anything,  should  bear  some- 
thing of  the  burden.  Since  now  Mr.  Knoll  urged  it  and  Mr. 
Wolf  sought  nothing  else  but  a  sum  of  money,  and  the  mem- 
bers in  part  agreed  to  it,  I  arose  and  Mr.  Wagner  with  me  and 
made  this  the  decree  of  the  whole  arbitration  :  Mr.  Wolf  sold 
his  call  and  his  right,  for  ninety  pounds,  and  the  congregations 
were  glad  with  ninety  pounds  to  get  rid  of  the  godless  man,  al- 
though much  sweat  of  the  brow  and  many  drops  of  blood  go 
into  the  ninety  pounds,  for  which  Wolf  bad  done  nothing  but 
cause  scandal.  When  the  ninety  pounds  had  been  promised  to 
Wolf  it  was  insisted  that  he  should  take  upon  himself  the  back- 

Early  Church  History 


standing  costs  of  the  court  and  should  further  deliver  up  the 
the  call  and  the  license  from  the  reverend  Ministerium 
of  Hamburg,  which  he  had  hitherto  grossly  misused,  and  which 
had  been  like  a  sword  in  the  hand  of  a  maniac.  He  handed 
over  the  call,  and  the  wardens,  who  had  subscribed  their 
names,  tore  off  the  seal  and  also  their  names,  and  gave  the 
names  and  the  seal  to  me.  If  the  reverend  Ministerium  of 
Hamburg  desires  it,  then  the  already  long  abused  seal  can  be 
sent  over  or  destroyed,  that  it  may  never  again  come  into  the 
hands  of  such  men,  who  only  bring  reproach  upon  so  reverend 
a  body  and  put  a  stain  upon  our  evangelical  Lutheran  religion 
in  this  western  land. 
















O  GREATER  service  could  be  rendered  to 
any  church  than  Muhlenberg  had  per- 
formed as  arbitrator  for  the  Raritan  flock 
and  their  unfaithful  shepherd.  For  thus 
ended  at  last  the  long  series  of  law  suits 
and  arrests  and  executions  continued  for 
ten  years  or  more  from  1734  at  least  to 
1744.  How  any  congregation  could  have  held  together  after 
such  experience  we  can  hardly  understand.  But  they  were 
still  eager  for  the  truth  and  were  only  too  glad  to  make  another 
trial  of  the  appointed  means  of  grace,  even  though  they  had 
found  to  their  cost  that  the  truth  had  been  committed  to 
earthen  vessels. 

We  find  that  the  unfaithfulness  of  the  wicked  Wolf  had  not 
been  permitted  to  deprive  the  children  of  instruction  in  the 
gospel,  and  another  preacher  by  the  name  of 

had  been  asked  to  supply  the  lack  of  service  of  Wolf.  Says  Muh- 
lenberg, "the  young  people  had  been  well  instructed  in  the  heads 
of  the  catechism  and  although  they  had  learned  it  in  the  Hol- 
land language,  they  also  understand  German  and  give  the  right 
answers.  I  administered  the  communion  in  both  congregations 
which  had  not  been  administered  in  long  years."  In  regard  to 
settling  a  pastor  over  them  Mr.  M.  says,  "The  two  congrega- 
tions are  able  and  willing  to  support  a  pious  man  generously." 
"  I  have  found,"  he  says  again,  "  that  the  people  there  have 

Rev.  Carl  Rudolph  59 

much  more  esteem  and  reverence  for  religion  and  the  service  of 
God,  than  in  the  rough  regions  of  Pennsylvania." 

What  a  high  tribute  this  was  to  a  people  who  had  been  so 
much  abused  by  one  who  had  usurped  the  office  of  the  ministry 
and  used  it  entirely  for  his  own  selfish  gain.  Yet  their  suffer- 
ings were  not  over  and  we  shall  see  that  they  were  still  to  eat 
their  bread  with  affliction  and  have  their  drink  mingled  with 
tears,  for  we  are  told  that  "  In  the  meanwhile  the  condition  of 
these  congregations,  although  they  were  free  from  this  Wolf, 
was  very  lamentable.  For  eight  years  there  were  no  confirma- 
tions, no  sacrament,  and  everything  was  in  decay.  The  con- 
gregations now  turned  to  H.  M.  Muhlenberg,  who  had  been 
among  them  in  the  year  1745,  as  arbitrator  in  connection  with 
pastors  Knoll  and  Wagner.  He  says  in  his  journal,  Dec.  16th, 
1748:  "  The  situation  of  the  Raritan  congregation  is  as  fol- 
lows :  (1)  Wolf  still  remains  there,  and  will  agree  to  nothing, 
but  would  rather  rot  there  to  affront  the  congregation  than  go 
elsewhere ;  (2)  Another  preacher  also  remains  there  with  his 
wife  and  children,  by  the  name  of  Langenfeld,  who  had  served 
half  of  the  congregations  eight  years  before  and,  tired  of 
preaching,  carries  on  farming,  and  like  Wolf  remains  a  mere 
spectator  ;  (3)  The  Hamburg  ministerium  also  intends  to  take 
part  should  the  Halle  ministers  enter  the  field,  and  pastor 
Berkenmeyer  stands  watching  and  would  like  to  stir  up  Wolf 
to  another  law  suit  with  the  congregations,  if  a  Halle  man  is 
settled  there  ;  (4)  The  congregations  have  become  in  the  high- 
est degree  demoralized  by  twelve  years  of  litigation  ;  (5)  They 
are  afraid  to  sign  a  call,  as  they  should,  and  desire  to  have  full 
liberty  to  call  and  dismiss  their  own  pastors.  They  have 
neither  a  church  building,  a  school  house  nor  a  parsonage,  and 
would  like  to  receive  some  help  from  the  reverend  fathers  [at 

The  churches  in  which  they  had  previously  worshipped  must 
have  been  sold  by  Rev.  Wolf,  or  perhaps  were  considered  un- 
worthy of  the  name  being  simply  rude  structures  of  unhewn 

"  Muhlenberg  yielded  to  their  requests  and  visited  them  in 
the  fall  of  1745,  conducted  catechetical  instruction,  confirmation 

60  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

and  the  Lord's  Supper.  John  N.  Kurtz  spent  December  of 
that  year  there  and  gave  instruction  and  preached.  In  1746 
Muhlenberg  visited  them  a  second  time  and  Kurtz  spent  three 
months  there  in  the  summer.  In  the  spring  of  1747  J.  H. 
Schaum  was  sent  thither  with  careful  instructions  from  Muh- 
lenberg, and  spent  the  greater  part  of  the  year  there.  But  in 
November  of  the  same  year  [1747]  the  miserable  Carl  Rudolph 
came  hither  with  pretended  greetings  from  H.  M.  Muhlenberg, 
and  genuine  recommendations  from  the  wretched  Andrea, 
which  recommendations  were  opposed  to  the  association  with 
Pennsylvania  pastors,  and  with  which  he  gained  a  certain  fol- 
lowing. In  the  meanwhile  the  friends  of  Muhlenberg  were 
soon  enlightened  upon  the  character  of  the  reprobate.  But  the 
congregations  were  once  more  disturbed  and  embroiled,  and 
Kurtz  was  sent  thither  in  March,  1748,  to  restore  quiet.  He 
remained  four  weeks.  On  the  25th  of  July  Muhlenberg  set  out 
again  thither  on  a  visit,  accompanied  by  a  teacher,  Loeser.  The 
result  was  highly  pleasing..  Hitherto  the  people  had  formed 
four  small  congregations  and  there  had  been  preaching  now 
here,  now  there.  But  now  out  of  the  members  of  the  four 
congregations,  one  church  council  was  formed  with  three  elders 
and  two  wardens  from  each  of  the  congregations." 

The  Carl  Rudolph  referred  to  by  Muhlenberg  was  a  disrep- 
utable man  who  had  crept  into  the  ministry  and  was  enabled  to 
work  a  great  deal  of  mischief  at  first  in  North  Carolina,  where 
he  had  barely  escaped  hanging  bj'  running  away,  then  in  Penn- 
sylvania, where  he  had  opposed  Muhlenberg  and  the  evangel- 
ical preachers,  even  by  the  use  of  the  public  prints,  and  finally 
in  New  Jersey.  He  obtained  a  call  from  a  part  of  the 
congregations.  But  when  information  about  him  came  from 
Philadelphia  he  was  forsaken  by  all  but  a  few.  In  the  mean- 
while, however,  he  had  proved  himself  a  worthy  successor  of 
the  abominable  Wolf.  Although  he  claimed  to  be  a  Prince  of 
Wurtemberg  and  therefore  of  noble  blood,  he  acted  in  every- 
thing but  a  princely  manner.  He  was  a  thief  and  was  detected 
in  stealing  a  coat  from  Valentine  Kraft;  was  also  licentious 
and  in  the  habit  of  getting  drunk  in  the  taverns. 

Such  was  the  second  regular  pastor  of  these  early  congrega- 

M  Kb 

•us, ;  ■  -. 

..-'••V;»*  r^B          Iff**-1 




Rev.  Carl  Rudolph  6i 

tions.  He,  probably,  had  a  written  call  but  remained  only  for  a 
year  and  then  went  to  Philadelphia,  enlisted  in  the  army  and 
disappeared  from  sight.  Muhlenberg  says  of  him  in  one  of 
his  letters  :  "  In  this  year  (1747)  just  before  the  arrival 
of  Handschuh,  the  godless  so-called  Prince  of  Wirtemberg, 
had  crept  in  as  a  preacher,  and  in  the  pulpit  and  wherever 
he  went  slandered  our  colleague  most  shamefully.  And  as 
some  well-disposed  people  were  imposed  upon  by  him,  there 
arose  two  parties.  One  fought  for  our  honor  and  industriously 
carried  on  all  the  beneficent  and  spiritual  work.  The  other 
fought  against  us  and  indulged  in  abuse.  Revs.  Kurtz  and 
Schaum  did  not  labor  without  some  results,  but  they  were  too 
weak  and  inexperienced  in  such  emergencies  and  did  not  pos- 
sess at  all  times  the  power  of  speaking  prudently,  and  this  was 
to  the  advantage  of  the  other  party.  The  Prince  conducted 
himself  so  satanically  that  the  very  worst  elements  of  the  com- 
munity turned  against  him  and  drove  him  away.  Thus  his 
coarsest  calumnies  even  among  his  least  respectable  adherents 
were  our  best  apologies.  When  the  farce  came  to  an  end,  both 
parties  came  to  us  and  begged  us  for  God's  sake  to  forgive  them 
and  continue  to  help  them. 

"  We  gave  them  a  book  of  condensed  'lessons.'  I  was  com- 
pelled therefore  to  make  a  visitation  upon  the  last  of  July,  1748. 
I  found  by  investigation  that  only  a  few  restless  ones  had 
stirred  up  the  people  and  had  said  that  no  preacher  would  ever 
come  to  them  from  our  college  in  Europe  and  that  they  ought 
to  accept  the  Prince,  who  had  shown  himself  to  be  a  pious  man 
from  the  beginning.  When  all  four  of  the  congregations  [what 
are  now  Lebanon,  Whitehouse,  Pluckamin  and  Fox  Hill  or 
German  Valley],  were  met  together  I  was  about  to  withdraw 
from  them  and  said  that  we  could  not  have  anything  more  to 
do  with  them.  The  poor  youth,  the  heart-breaking  expressions 
of  souls  awakened  by  us,  and  the  tears  of  the  widows  so  affected 
me,  that  I  had  to  promise  not  to  wholly  abandon  them.  They 
all  begged  in  a  pitiful  way  that  we  would  give  them  our 
youngest  brother,  Mr.  Schaum,  if  we  could  not  give  them  any 
other,  that  they  might  not  be  wholly  forsaken.  After  a  long 
time  I  consented  to  this,  if  my  colleagues  were  not  opposed.    I 

62  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

then  chose  out  of  each  congregation  three  men  for  a  common 
church  council,  which  the  best  of  the  congregations  had  advised 
and  determined  upon.  These  twelve  deliberated  together  with 
regard  to  a  church  building.  They  wished  to  build  a  spacious 
stone  church  in  some  central  spot,  from  which  the  most  distant 
members  would  be  about  ten  miles  away.  Three  congrega- 
tions were  united  in  respect  to  this.  But  in  the  fourth  there 
were  a  few  stubborn  ones,  who  did  not  agree  with  the  rest  but, 
decided  to  build  a  church  of  their  own  among  themselves.  The 
liberty  was  given  them  to  build  as  many  churches  among  them- 
selves as  they  wished.  The  three  congregations  and  a  few  men 
from  the  fourth  have  estimated  the  cost  of  the  building  at  300 
and  some  pounds  besides  their  labor,  and  they  have  already 
subscribed  240  pounds  and  commenced  to  build.  As  we  now 
intend  to  send  Mr.  Schaum  to  them  as  a  matter  of  necessity, 
for  a  long  time  we  thought  of  his  disposition,  so  weak  for  such 
a  critical  place  and  the  poor  congregation  (York)  across  the 
Susquehanna  did  not  wish  to  spare  him." 

This  brings  us  to  the  pastorate  of  the  third  regular  pastor 
namely,  John  Albert  Weygand,  and  the  building  of  the  New 
Germantown  church. 



^^j^2**^sINCE  Schaum  could  not  be  taken  away 
J^  4(4  from  York,  the  candidate,  John  Albert 
Weygand,  whom  Muhlenberg  had  re- 
ceived into  his  house  at  New  Providence 
a  short  time  before,  was  sent  thither  in 
November,  1748,  but  the  congregations 
remained  under  the  oversight  of  Muh- 
lenberg, under  which  it  had  remained  since  the  fall  of  1745, 
and  he  had  occasionally  visited  them  and  preached  and  admin- 
istered confirmation  and  the  Lord's  Supper.  For  the  others 
had  not  yet  received  ordination.  Only  in  special  and  excep- 
tional cases  did  Muhlenberg  decide  that  Weygand  might  offer 
the  communion  to  individual  sick  people,  but  this  was  disap- 
proved in  Halle.  On  the  whole  Weygand  showed  himself 
capable  and  faithful,  but  made  a  serious  mistake  in  his  all  too 
early  marriage  with  the  daughter  of  a  VanDieren,  who  had 
only  just  come  among  them.  Yet  Muhlenberg  counted  thirty 
young  people  in  August,  1749,  who  were  prepared  for  confirma- 
tion, and  the  new  church  was  under  roof  so  that  the  accession  of 
the  separating  congregation  was  not  needed.  At  the  meeting 
of  Synod  in  1750  the  ordination  of  Weygand  was  deferred,  but 
was  performed  on  the  second  of  December  of  the  same  year 
by  Brunholtz,  Handschuh,  Hartwig,  Kurtz  and  Schaum, 
and  the  beautiful  stone  church  which  did  service  for 
nearly  80  years,  was  dedicated  at  the  same  time.  On  the  4th 
of  the  previous  October,  Muhlenberg  had  again  visited  Wey- 
gand, and,  as  opportunity  offered,  had  met  with  his  father- 
in-law,  VanDieren.    Now  the  particular  congregations  of  Rach- 

64  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

eway  and  Leslysland  and  Fuchsenberg,  disappeared  and  the  one 
central  church  in  what  is  at  present  New  Germantown,  Tewks- 
bury  township,  Hunterdon  County,  N.  J.,  took  their  place. 
Weygand  remained  in  the  service  of  the  congregations  until  the 
beginning  of  the  year  1753.  Then  he  accepted  a  call,  when  a 
disturbance  had  arisen,  to  the  Hollandish-Lutheran  congrega- 
tions at  New  York  and  Hackensack  and  labored  among  them 
until  1767. 

In  speaking  of  Weygand  Muhlenberg  expresses  what  seems 
to  have  the  opinion  in  those  days  of  the  education  required  for 
the  ministerial  office.  In  a  request  for  advice  from  the  society 
at  Halle,  Germany,  he  says  :  "  We  would  not  willingly  cause 
the  least  damage  to  the  cause  of  Christ  by  precipitancy  nor 
would  we  lose  a  nail  from  the  structure  by  negligence.  I  have 
with  this  view  written  to  the  Raritan  council  and  have  left  to 
their  good  disposition  and  judgment  the  agreement  with  Mr. 
Weygand,  and  am  willing  to  give  a  permission  to  preach  for  one 
year.  In  the  region  of  the  Raritan  a  man  must  understand 
Latin  or  English,  because  in  that  section  there  are  many  of 
New  England  Presbyterian  preachers,  who  cherish  a  great 
respect  for  Halle  and  the  blessed  orphan  house,  and  like  to  have 
intercourse  with  men  from  there.  An  English  preacher  of  the 
church  once  complained  to  me  that  he  wished  to  talk  in  Eng- 
lish and  Latin  with  Mr.  Schaum,  but  could  get  no  reply.  I  said 
that  he  perhaps  did  not  understand  his  accent  and  pronuncia- 

Although  Weygand  was  a  vast  improyement  as  a  preacher 
and  pastor  upon  his  predecessors,  as  we  see  by  the  extracts 
from  his  diary,  which  shall  be  given  later,  yet  he  does  not  seem 
to  have  had  either  the  wisdom  of  the  serpent  or  the  hannless- 
ness  of  the  dove.  For  when  he  had  gone  to  the  meeting  of 
Synod  at  Philadelphia,  which  was  the  second  one  after  its  or- 
ganization, with  the  full  expectation  of  being  regularly 
ordained,  he  was  extremely  mortified  to  be  put  off.  And  this 
was  after  the  time  had  been  set  for  his  ordination  and  notice  of 
it  published.  The  reason  for  this  was  found  in  certain  com- 
plaints that  were  made  against  him  by  his  elders.  The  account 
of  this  is  as  follows  : 

Rev.  John  Albert  Weygand  65 

A  Minister's  Wooing. 
In  H.  M.  Muhlenberg's  manuscript  diary  at  the  date  of  Jan- 
uary, 1750,  is  found  the  following:  "Mr.  Weygand  reported 
that  he  had  married  in  December  the  daughter  of  a  Mr.  Van 
Dieren.  Mr.  VanDieren  is  by  trade  a  tailor  and  had  been  for- 
warded to  the  province  of  New  York  in  a  complimentary  man- 
ner with  a  stock  of  books  by  the  court-preacher,  Bohme,  of 
blessed  memory  (Ziegenhagen's  predecessor  in  London).  His 
comfortable  circumstances  and  edifying  address,  the  scarcity 
of  preachers,  the  independent  ways  of  America,  the  high  esteem 
of  the  Germans  for  the  court-preacher,  Bohme  ;  the  man's  own 
desire  and  longing  had  all  co-operated  in  enabling  him  to  obtain 
ordination.  The  preachers  in  New  York  would  not  consent  to 
it,  but  showered  imprecations  and  numberless  reproaches  upon 
him  in  the  public  press.  The  Swedish  preachers  in  Pennsyl- 
vania would  not  consent  to  it.  At  length  he  was  ordained  by 
an  old  German  preacher  in  Pennsylvania,  named  Herkel,  and 
sent  baek  with  evidences  of  ordination.  After  this  he  preached 
and  administered  the  sacraments  for  several  years  among  a  few 
congregations  in  the  province  of  New  York  until  he  moved  into 
New  Jersey  and  labored  for  several  years  among  the  Low 
Dutch  Reformed  and  Lutheran  congregations  in  common.  He 
was  so  accommodating  there  that  he  administered  the  com- 
munion to  the  Reformed  after  their  manner,  and  to  the 
Lutheran  after  theirs.  But  at  last  by  this  means  both  parties 
became  at  variance,  said  he  was  a  hypocrite  and  cast  him  off. 
He  did  not  live  far  from  Raritan,  visited  us  several  times  and 
would  like  to  have  taken  charge  of  the  mountain  congregations 
in  Upper  Milford,  Saccum,  etc.,  but  the  Providence  of  God, 
whose  leadings  we  desire  to  follow,  did  not  so  ordain. 

"  Weygand  lived  with  one  of  the  elders  [Baltus  Pickle,  of 
Round  Valley,  New  Jersey],  who  was  a  man  of  wealth  and  had 
helped  on  the  building  of  the  new  church  more  than  any  other 
person,  and  had  also  provided  out  of  his  own  means  an  organ 
and  other  things  necessary  for  orderly  worship.  This  man  had 
two  elderly  (betagte)  daughters.  The  older  had  died  in  the 
previous  fall  and  the  younger,  whom  I  confirmed  together  with 
all  his  sons,  was   still  living.     This   younger  daughter  was   a 

66  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

virtuous  person,  had  the  womanly  adornment  spoken  of  in  I. 
Peter,  2,  3-4,  was  industrious,  very  skillful  in  household  matters 
and  lacked  only  the  outward  beauty  of  a  worldly  sort.  She 
was  no  doubt  intended  for  Mr.  Weygand.  But  he  paid  his  brief 
respects  to  her  father  very  abruptly  and  demanded  his  consent 
to  be  given  within  a  quarter  of  an  hour,  and  would  not  give  the 
father  the  usual  time  for  deliberation,  threw  the  father  over 
[figuratively  of  course]  and  then  went  straight  to  VanDieren's 
house  and  was  married  to  his  daughter  by  her  father.  After 
this  he  kept  urging  the  congregation  very  strongly  to  buy  a 
farm  upon  which  he  might  live.  But  the  people  were  engaged 
in  the  difficult  work  of  building  a  church  and  were  already  in 
debt.  Nevertheless  they  involved  themselves  in  more  debt  and 
bought  a  farm.  Mr.  VanDieren  then  sold  his  place  and  bought 
a  farm  near  his  son-in-law.  In  this  neighborhood  there  also 
dwelt  an  old  retired  preacher,  Langenfeld  by  name,  and  eight 
miles  off  Mr.  Wolf  is  now  living." 

The  elders  of  the  church  and  another  person  of  equal  im- 
portance were  disturbed  by  these  proceedings  and  brought 
against  their  preacher  the  following  complaints  : 

1.  Mr.  Weygand  had  wooed  the  elder's  daughter  not  as  a 
minister  should,  but  like  a  dissolute  college  youth. 

2.  He  had  used  in  giving  the  communion  to  two  sick  people, 
instead  of  the  consecrated  wafers,  red  sealing  wafers  with  which 
letters  are  closed. 

3.  When  the  elders  called  him  to  an  account  for  this  he  had 
replied  that  the  ministers  in  Frankford  on  the  Main  did  thus. 

4.  He  had  married  the  daughter  of  a  man  whose  oldest  son 
had  become  a  Quaker  in  Pennsylvania,  and  whose  oldest 
daughter  had  married  Deyling,  a  Zinzendcerfer. 

5.  He  had  thrown  the  congregation  into  heavier  indebted- 
ness by  impetuously  urging  them  to  buy  him  a  farm. 

6.  Should  his  father-in-law  come  to  live  with  him  he  might 
lead  his  son-in-law  astray. 

7.  The  congregation  were  at  one  time  observing  a  day  of 
strict  fasting  and  prayer,  which  the  authorities  had  ordered, 
when  two  of  the  elders,  on  coming  into  the  parsonage  after  ser- 
vice, found  the  minister's  wife  busy  at  the  spinning  wheel. 

Rey.  John  Albert  Weygand  67 

8.  When  he  ought  to  have  given  the  communion  to  a  sick 
man,  who  was  going  to  leave  the  church  several  hundred 
pounds,  he  was  not  at  home  but  was  engaged  in  doing  his 
courting  and  was  busied  with  his  personal  affairs. 

Muhlenberg  goes  on  to  remark,  "  What  this  ferment  may 
lead  to  only  the  future  will  show."  Since  the  worthy  fathers 
(on  the  other  side  of  the  ocean)  could  not  find  anyone  to  sup- 
ply the  churches  on  the  Raritan  and  Weygand  came  so  oppor- 
tunely, I  feel  relieved  of  responsibility  with  regard  to  him,  for 
I  acted  with  deliberation  and  indeed  under  all  the  circumstances 
could  not  have  done  otherwise  than  I  did.  I  find  first  in  look- 
ing at  myself  and  then  in  looking  at  others  that  the  lack  of 
faithful,  steady  and  experienced  laborers  is  a  great  hindrance 
to  the  spread  of  the  kingdom  of  Jesus  Christ.  May  the  Lord 
have  compassion  upon  us  and  send  faithful  laborers  into  his 

Not  long  afterwards  Mr.  Weygand  attended  a  meeting  of 
the  Synod  of  Philadelphia,  when  he  expected  arrangements 
would  be  made  to  ordain  and  install  him  over  the  congrega- 
tions on  the  Raritan.  But  what  was  his  chagrin  to  find  the 
above  complaints  against  him  presented  by  a  committee  of 
three  elders,  who  asked  that  the  ordination,  already  announced 
publicly  to  take  place  at  a  certain  time,  should  be  postponed  at 
least  until  the  new  church  was  dedicated,  and  their  pastor  had 
had  time  to  improve  upon  his  past  conduct.  Says  Muhlenberg 
"  we  dare  not  ordain  him  forcibly,  as  it  were,  but  were  at  a  loss 
what  to  do,  and  so  also  was  Mr.  Weygand,  because  it  had  been 
given  out  everywhere  that  he  was  to  be  ordained.  The  protest 
was  indeed  a  very  great  punishment  for  Mr.  Weygand  since  he 
had  brought  it  upon  himself  by  his  frivolous  behavior." 

Some  Natural  Comments. 

We  do  not  find  fault  it  is  true  with  this  decision  of  the  min- 
isterium.  It  was  the  only  thing  to  do  under  the  circumstances. 
But  we  do  think  it  is  going  a  little  too  far,  even  for  so  apostolic 
and  altogether  adorable  a  man  as  Father  Muhlenberg,  to  say 
that  young  John  Albert,  the  warm-hearted  young  minister, 
should  accept  a  wife,  no  matter  how  industrious  and  pious,  who 

68  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

was  "  intended"  (zugedacht)  for  him.  For  that  no  doubt  was 
the  very  reason  he  got  himself  rejected.  To  be  sure  her  father 
was  rich  and  influential,  but  on  the  other  hand  his  daughter 
was  no  longer  in  her  teens  and  her  beauty  was  confessedly  not 
of  a  dazzling  character.  And  suppose  the  other  girl  be  taken 
into  consideration.  Because  she  hadn't  been  confirmed  by  the 
good  old  Doctor  it  doesn't  follow  that  she  wasn't  beautiful  both 
inside  and  out.  She  was  certainly  industrious  or  she  would 
have  preferred  the  church  on  a  fast  day  to  her  spinning  wheel. 
And  it  was  pretty  hard  for  the  young  minister  that  he  couldn't 
have  time  for  so  important  a  matter  as  courting  a  wife.  Now 
if  it  had  only  been  the  other  girl,  the  rich  man's  daughter,  they 
might  not  have  said  anything  about  the  time  or  manner  of  his 

Perhaps  Muhlenberg's  remark  in  his  letter  of  November, 
1749,  may  explain  matters  somewhat.  "  They  desired  last  year 
to  have  Mr.  Kurtz  for  their  preacher  especially  under  the  in- 
stigation of  the  principal  member  who  had  a  marriageable 
daughter."  So  there  was  match-making  going  on  in  the  church 
so  early  as  140  or  more  years  ago.  No  wonder  young  John 
Albert  rebelled  against  such  deliberate  scheming.  He  ought 
to  have  been  ashamed  to  have  had  two  strings  to  his  bow,  but 
there  seems  to  have  been  this  difference,  one  (or  at  least  her 
father)  was  courting  him  and  he  was  courting  the  other. 

The  man  who  was  sick  and  was  neglected  by  his  pastor  was 
no  doubt  Balthazar  Pickle,  whose  legacy  of  a  thousand  pounds 
helped  the  New  Germantown  church  through  the  trying  times 
during  and  after  the  War  of  the  Revolution. 

But  notwithstanding  his  very  human  weakness  Albert  Wey- 
gand  seems  to  have  been  a  sincerely  pious  man.  This  I  think 
will  be  evident  from  the  following  accounts  of  his  work  as  he 
recorded  it  in  his  diary.  He  little  thought  when  he  wrote  this 
that  it  would  be  read  so  long  afterwards  by  some  of  the  ■  de- 
scendants of  the  very  people  to  whom  he  was  then  ministering. 

A  Minister's  Diary  in   1748. 

Sept.  22. — I  have  arrived  undermany  good  omens  among  my 
congregation  through  the  guidance  of  the  Lord.     On  my  arrival 

Rev.  John  Albert  Weygand  69 

my  host,  Balthes  Pickel,  told  me  how  Pastor  Hartwich  openly 
complained  of  Pastor  Muhlenberg,  because  he  removed  Pastor 
Wolf  from  his  office.  This  appeared  very  strange  to  me  since 
I  firmly  believed  that  Pastor  Hartwich  stood  by  our  association. 
25th. — A  man  of  the  Reformed  Church  came  to  pay  me  a 
visit,  under  the  pretext,  that  a  man  who  had  come  over  the  sea 
with  me,  had  praised  me  so  much,  that  he  feels  compelled  to 
get  acquainted  with  me  himself.  He  dissembled  at  first  and 
asserted  the  absolute  decree  [Gnadewahl,  i.  e.  the  doctrine  of 
election]  and  quoted  all  the  arguments  in  its  favor,  in 
order  to  hear  what  I  would  have  to  answer.  But  afterwards  he 
said  that  if  a  reformed  preacher  should  preach  the  absolute  de- 
cree of  God,  he  would  publicly  contradict  him. 

N.  B. — I  thus  learned  that  the  majority  of  the  common 
people  agree  with  us  with  regard  to  the  absolute  decree  of  God. 
From  another  [German]  Reformed  man  I  learned  that  he  had 
noted  100  passages  which  were  against  the  absolute  decree,  and 
this  number  I  increased  for  him  in  a  private  visit.  As  to  what 
belongs  to  the  Holy  Communion  they  slander  us  so  much  the 
more  that  I  had  advised  our  people  not  to  dispute  much  with 
them  over  so  high  a  mystery,  but  to  answer  briefly  that  we 
receive  it  according  to  the  institution  of  our  Almighty  Jesus. 

28th. — Set  out  with  my  host,  Balthes  Pickel,  to  visit  the  mem- 
bers, and  to  see  what  household  worship  they  had  and  how  they 
were  off  for  books  [prayer  and  song  books].  This  visit  pleased 
various  members  of  the  council,  who,  on  this  account  rode  with 
us  and  informed  me  fully  what  sort  of  people  they  were. 
Among  others  we  meet  with  a  very  sick  woman  whom  I  asked, 
after  a  previous  inquiry  about  her  sickness,  how  it  was  with  her 
soui  She  answered  that  she  cried  night  and  day  unto  God, 
that  He  would  have  compassion  upon  one  who  was  so  great  a 
sinner.  After  I  had  talked  further  with  her,  I  prayed  with  her, 
sang  a  verse  of  the  song,  "Keep  Me  O  Friend  of  My  Soul," 
and  commended  her  to  the  Lord.  In  the  next  house  we  visited 
I  met  a  woman  who  said  that  we  were  not  saved  by  faith  but 
by  good  works.  I  answered  her  briefly,  for  night  had  already 
fallen.  In  the  following  visit  we  met  two  young  married 
people,  who  had  not  been  to  communion  in  five  years.     The 

70  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

reason  of  this  was,  as  they  said,  that  they  had  had  no  regular 
preacher  and  when  Mr.  Muhlenberg  came  over,  they  had  always 
heard  of  it  when  it  was  too  late. 

29th. — Have  spent  the  whole  day  in  visiting,  and,  alas,  have 
met  many  families  in  a  truly  pitiable  condition.  Many  young 
people  from  20  to  29  years  of  age,  who  do  not  know  how  to 
read  or  spell,  have  proposed  to  me,  to  prepare  them  for  the 
communion.  In  the  few  days  that  I  have  been  here  I  have 
found  nothing  but  a  wilderness. 

Dec.  3d. — Again  visited  my  people.  On  the  way  I  talked 
with  two  German  Reformed  people,  who  lead  truly  Christian 
lives.  Of  these  the  man  was  blind.  The  Lord  had  on  that 
account  so  much  the  more  opened  his  spiritual  eyes.  After  a 
short  talk  upon  the  only  righteousness  which  avails  with  God, 
we  sang  some  verses  of  the  hymn,  "  The  One  on  the  Cross  is 
My  Dove."  On  my  leaving  him,  he  promised  to  give  a  contri- 
bution to  our  church,  and  begged  me  to  visit  them  again. 

Jan.  19,  1749. — Laid  the  old  Hendershid  (Hendershot)  in  the 
ground.  In  this  man  God  has  given  a  wonderful  proof  of  his 
love  for  sinners.  This  man  had  stained  his  soul  with  many  sins 
of  unrighteousness  as  I  learned  from  people  who  had  known 
him  from  his  youth  up.  In  order  to  bring  him  to  a  knowledge 
of  his  sins  God  had  laid  him  upon  a  sick-bed  for  a  year  and  a 
half.  By  chance  Pastor  Muhlenberg  visited  him  three  months 
before  his  death,  and  wanted  him  to  be  reconciled  with  his  son 
from  whom  he  had  been  alienated.  But  not  even  the  most 
urgent  pursuasions  were  of  any  use,  and  he  wished  to  cite  his 
son  to  appear  before  the  last  judgment  as  is  the  custom  with 
many  revengeful  people.  At  the  end  of  November,  1748, 1  also 
visited  him  and  asked  him  if  he  was  prepared  for  eternity,  but 
he  made  himself  out  so  pious,  that  I  had  almost  never  met  a 
man  so  pious  as  he  appeared  to  be.  I  committed  him  to  the 
compassion  of  God  and  gave  him  the  passage  in  Rom.  iv,  5  to 
think  of,  though  not  believing  that  it  would  subdue  the  hard- 
ness of  his  heart.  Fourteen  days  afterwards  he  was  reconcilad 
to  his  son.  Thereupon  he  expressed  a  constant  longing  to  see 
me.  On  account  of  absence  from  home  I  did  not  visit  him 
until  the  day  before  his  death.     He  could  scarcely  whisper  any 

Rev.  John  Albert  Weygand 


longer.  Yet  he  could  understand  so  well  that  he  said  he  called 
upon  God  day  and  night  for  a  happy  death,  which  his  wife  con- 
firmed. I  prayed  with  him  and  sang  a  few  verses  of  the  song, 
"  Lord  teach  me  mine  end  to  know."  On  leaving  I  pointed  him 
to  the  bloody  wounds  of  Jesus,  saying,  that  with  the  bloody 
righteousness  of  Jesus  he  would  overcome  if  he  held  on  to  it 
in  faith  and  trust.     That  night  he  died. 



jj/  EYGAND  was  succeeded  in  1753  by  Lu- 
dolph  Heinrich  Schrenck  and  his  min- 
istry  also  was  attended  with  difficulties 
and  disturbance.  The  "  Mountain"  peo- 
ple, as  the  Pluckamin  congregation  was 
called,  had  refused  to  give  up  their  sep- 
arate church  and  unite  with  the  other 
three  congregations,  in  1749,  and  build  one  central  church 
which  should  be  not  more  than  10  miles  from  any  of  the  people 
of  the  congregations.  So  it  was  now  agreed  that  Pluckamin 
should  have  service  one-fourth  of  the  time  and  pay  one-fourth 
of  the  salary. 

This  Rev.  Schrenck  was  the  fourth  regnlar  pastor.  He 
staid  three  years,  for  two  of  which  he  was  in  the  hottest  kind 
of  hot  water.  He  was  sensitive,  proud  and  irritable  in  the 
extreme.  He  was  anxious  to  marry  a  rich  wife,  and  yet  was 
very  ready  to  suspect  every  man,  who  had  a  marriageable 
daughter  and  who  showed  him  any  attention,  of  having  designs 
upon  him. 

Also  at  one  time,  when  two  of  the  most  influential  elders 
called  upon  him  upon  some  matter,  and  in  the  course  of  the 
conversation  mentioned  that  some  of  his  congregation  thought 
he  preached  the  law  too  severely  and  did  not  present  often 

Rev.  Ludolph  Heinrich  Schrenck  73 

enough  the  persuasiveness  of  the  gospel,  he  became  very 
angry.  But  he  bade  these  visitors  good  bye  with  every  show 
of  friendliness,  kissing  them  both  in  true  German  fashion  be- 
fore they  left.  On  the  next  Sabbath  before  a  large  congrega- 
tion, after  he  had  preached  an  excellent  sermon,  instead  of 
making  the  closing  prayer,  he  ordered  the  church  doors  to  be 
locked,  that  no  one  might  leave  the  house.  He  then  began  to 
abuse  and  revile  the  two  men,  who  had  been  to  see  him  the  day 
before,  with  such  violence  that  he  foamed  at  the  mouth.  Every 
one  was  in  consternation  and  wanted  to  know  who  were  in- 
tended and  who  had  been  abusing  the  pastor.  When  it  was 
found  out  who  the  elders  were,  who  had  so  unconsciously  give 
such  great  offence,  all  the  elders  went  to  the  parsonage  to 
reconcile  matters,  but  the  quarrel  only  become  more  bitter. 
The  next  Sabbath  everybody  flocked  from  far  and  near  to  hear 
what  the  minister  would  have  to  say  for  it  had  been  given  out 
that  he  was  to  plead  his  cause  again  in  public.  This  he  did  as 
the  account  says  "with  fire  and  flame"  and  ended  by  calling 
out  the  names  of  these  elders  and  excommunieating  them  from 
the  church.  One  of  these  two  men  was  Baltus  Pickle,  who  had 
been  the  builder  of  the  church,  had  paid  50  pounds  towards  the 
organ  and  25  for  the  church.  Moreover  the  church  was  still  in 
debt  to  him  for  materials  and  work  in  building.  This  indebt- 
edness was  included  in  the  1,000  pounds  which  Baltus  Pickle 
afterwards  left  by  will  to  the  New  Germantown  Church  at  his 
death  in  1760. 

It  is  interesting  to  notice  that  this  church  had  an  organ  as 
early  as  1754.  Schrenck  continued  to  struggle  on  for  two  years 
until  he  was  finally  compelled  to  leave  in  the  year  1756.  He 
treated  Mr.  Muhlenberg  afterwards  most  shamefully  and  has 
left  a  very  unfavorable  memory  behind  him.  He  finally  left 
for  Ireland  where  for  a  time  he  served  a  Lutheran  congregation. 



Henry    Melchior    Muhlenberg — Paul    Daniel    Bryzelius — 
J.  Peter  G.  Mujilenberg — G.  Henry  E.  Muhlenberg. 

io  HISTORY  of  the  German  settlers  in 
this  part  of  New  Jersey,  would  be  com- 
plete without  an  account  of  the  two 
pioneer  missionaries,  Muhlenberg  and 
Schlatter.  For  while  they  were  not  the 
first  preachers  to  the  Germans  here  and 
in  Pennsylvania,  yet  they  were  in  fact 
the  real  founders  respectively  of  Lutheranism  and  the  German 
Reformed  Church  in  this  part  of  the  United  States.  They  both 
possessed  unusual  organizing  ability  as  well  as  a  very  high 
degree  of  piety  and  learning.  They  both,  moreover,  had  to 
endure  considerable  persecution  for  righteousness  sake.  Also 
to  both  alike  belonged  the  honor  of  bringing  together  the  few 
scattered  churches  of  their  faith  into  a  conference  or  synod.  It 
is  interesting  to  know  that  they  knew  one  another  and  lived 
together  in  mutual  confidence  and  esteem.  Their  paths  often 
crossed  each  other  but  no  friction  ever  arose  between  them. 
We  shall  give  a  short  account  of  these  remarkable  men. 

Henry  Melchior  Muhlenberg 
was  born  in  the  city  of  Einbeck  in  the  Electoral  Principality  of 
Hanover,   September  6th,  17 n.     His  parents  were  Nicholaus 
Melchior  Muhlenberg,  a  member  of  the  council  of  the  above 

The  Muhlenbergs  75 

mentioned  place,  and  Anna  Maria  Kleinshmid,  daughter  of  a 
retired  military  officer. 

He  went  to  school  from  his  seventh  to  his  twelfth  year  and 
was  confirmed  at  twelve  years  of  age.  His  father  died  soon 
after  and  he  was  compelled  to  set  to  work  to  help  support  the 
family.  This  he  continued  to  do  more  or  less>  until  he  was 
twenty-one.  He  occasionally  found  time  to  learn  to  play  on 
the  organ.  At  twenty-one  he  resumed  his  studies  especially  of 
Latin  and  Greek.  Providence  opened  a  way  for  him  to  gratify 
his  ardent  desire  for  a  course  of  study  in  one  of  the  universi- 
ties. The  different  villages  and  towns  of  Germany  contributed 
funds  to  the  support  of  the  recently  established  university  of 
Gottingen,  and  were  entitled  on  this  account  to  send  a  student 
to  the  university  for  free  tuition.  Muhlenberg  happened  to  be 
the  only  one  of  his  native  place,  who  was  of  the  requisite  age 
and  had  a  desire  to  go  to  the  University,  and  thus  re- 
ceived the  appointment.  While  at  Gottingen  he  yielded  for  a 
time  to  evil  associations  but  not  for  a  long  period,  for  he  soon 
met  with  a  change  of  heart.  And  he  and  some  other  students 
engaged  in  the  work  of  teaching  the  ignorant  and  neglected. 
In  May,  1738,  he  taught  a  primary  school  at  Halle.  But  he 
rose  rapidly  in  public  esteem  until  he  became  instructor  in 
Theology,  Hebrew  and  Grc^k. 

In  August,  1730,  he  was  ordained  as  a  deacon,  or  assistant 
minister  in  the  church  at  Grosshennersdorf,  in  upper  Silesia. 

In  1 741  he  became,  at  the  request  of  Dr.  Francke,  of  Halle, 
a  missionary  to  the  scattered  Lutheran  congregations  in  Penn- 
sylvania. On  his  journey  to  the  colony  of  Pennsylvania,  he 
went  first  to  Holland  and  thence  to  England.  On  the  13th  of 
June,  1742,  he  set  sail  at  Gravesend  for  Charleston,  South  Car- 
olina, which  place  he  reached  September  22d.  During  the  voy- 
age he  suffered  very  much  both  in  body  and  mind,  from  a 
scarcity  of  water  and  fresh  provisions,  and  the  roughness  of  the 
crew.  A  similarly  painful  experience  was  connected  with  his 
journey  from  Charleston  to  Philadelphia,  where  he  arrived 
November  25th,  1742. 

At  the  very  beginning  of  his  work  Father  Muhlenberg,  as 
he  might  well  be  called,  had  to  encounter  opposition. 

76  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

"  Perils  by  Mine  Own  Countrymen." 
Count  Zinzendorf  had  preceded  him  and  was  claiming  to  be 
a  Lutheran,  while  really  teaching  doctrines  opposed  to  the 
orthodox  faith.  On  this  account  Muhlenberg  was  compelled  to 
withhold  any  official  recognition  from  one  whose  course  was 
not  entirely  straightforward.  Thus  the  very  earliest  efforts  of 
the  missionaries  from  Halle  were  directed  to  the  healing  of 
schism  and  the  correction  of  errors.  And  yet  nearly  all  of 
these  men  showed  excellent  judgment  in  avoiding,  as  far  as 
possible,  all  controversial  subjects  and  in  depending  principally 
upon  the  power  of  the  truth  itself  in  its  singleness  and  sim- 
plicity. The  difficulties  of  the  task  committed  to  these  early 
preachers  arose  largely  from  the  necessity  of  satisfying,  on  the 
one  hand,  the  rigid  conservatism  of  the  authorities  in  the 
mother  country,  where  persecution  on  account  of  the  truth, had 
made  orthodoxy  a  matter  of  life  and  death,  and,  on  the  other, 
of  providing  preachers  or  teachers  for  the  numerous  congrega- 
tions scattered  throughout  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania,  who 
were  pleading  with  heart-rending  earnestness  and  persistency 
for  almost  any  kind  of  a  pastor,  who  could  at  least  prevent 
them  and  their  children  from  relapsing  into  utter  barbarism. 

"Perils  by  Land." 

Many  were  the  weary  days  and  nights  spent  by  these  heroic 
men  hastening  from  one  scattered  hamlet  to  another,  through 
almost  pathless  forests  and  across  frozen  streams,  sometimes 
with  fevered  pulse  and  aching  limbs,  in  order  to  keep  appoint- 
ments, made  weeks  beforehand,  with  people  who  would  come 
twenty  and  thirty  miles  to  hear  once  more  the  word  of  life. 
Often  and  often  we  read  in  the  reports  of  sermons  interrupted 
with  the  sobs  of  the  hearers  and  not  so  much  through  grief  as 
rejoicing  at  the  sound  of  the  gospel,  which  they  had  almost 
despaired  of  ever  hearing  again.  In  these  absences  from  home 
wives  and  children  would  sometimes  be  put  to  sore  straits,  and 
the  husband  and  father's  heart  would  have  an  added  load  of 
anxiety  to  carry  on  their  account. 

"  Perils  by  Water." 

The  following  extracts  from  Muhlenberg's  reports  will  illus- 

The  Muhlenbergs  77 

trate  what  has  just  been  said  :  "  Now,  as  I  had  to  hold  divine 
service  in  Providence  on  the  26th  of  November,  1749,  and  had 
as  yet  to  ride  twenty  miles  to  my  residence,  I  was  obliged  to 
set  out  from  Perkasie  on  the  25  th  of  November,  at  3  o'clock  in 
the  afternoon.  They  gave  me  a  guide.  Night  soon  overtook 
us,  and  therefore  we  could  not  ride  rapidly,  and  only  came  to 
the  Perkiomen  creek  at  1 1  o'clock  at  night,  which  is  still  two 
miles  away  from  my  house.  To  our  great  surprise,  we  per- 
ceived that  the  stream  since  my  departure  was  frozen  over 
hard,  and  covered  with  ice.  My  companion  only  had  a  small 
horse,  which  in  addition  was  unshod,  consequently  I  had  to  go 
before  and  break  the  ice.  I  did  this  at  the  peril  of  my  life  and 
remained  in  the  saddle,  notwithstanding  the  leaping  and  rear- 
ing of  my  horse,  and  let  my  companion  follow  in  the  footsteps 
and  holes  which  my  horse  had  broken.  In  breaking  the  ice  my 
horse  had  always  to  raise  himself  up  in  front,  and  at  the  same 
time  break  a  hole  with  the  fore-feet,  and  keep  the  piece  of  ice 
on  the  bottom  until  he  leaped  after  with  the  hind  feet,  and  then 
went  still  further  forward.  I  got  over  safely,  but  on  account 
of  the  dark  night,  I  missed  the  outlet  on  the  other  side  ;  and 
came  with  my  companion  to  a  bank,  which  was  high  and  al- 
most perpendicular.  Back  I  would  not  again  venture,  for  the 
broken  holes  were  not  easily  found  again  in  the  darkness.  We 
took  off  the  saddles,  and  by  the  aid  of  some  bushes  clambered 
up  on  land,  and  resolved  to  make  an  attempt  with  our  horses 
also.  We  tied  the  girths  to  the  bridle  of  the  small  horse,  and 
compelled  him  to  stand  on  his  hind  feet,  so  that  he  could  reach 
on  the  bank  with  his  fore  feet.  We  pulled,  and  the  horse  helped 
himself  bravely  onward  with  the  hind  feet,  and  safely  reached 
the  shore,  as  he  was  young  and  nimble.  But  when  we  would 
do  the  same  with  my  horse,  that  was  old  and  stiff,  the  bridle 
broke,  and  the  poor  beast  fell  backward  with  all  his  weight  into 
the  ice,  so  that  he  lay  on  his  back  in  the  water  with  his  legs  up, 
and  locked  in  by  the  ice,  and  must  thus  have  been  drowned. 
I  gave  up  the  poor  beast,  because  I  saw  no  possibility  to  help 
him.  My  companion,  however,  would  not  rest  but  in  great 
anxiety  he  cut  a  lever  with  a  small  knife,  sprang  down  with  it, 
and  made  a  great  opening  in  the  ice,  helped  the  horse  so  that 

78  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

he  laid  on  one  side,  and  at  length  worked  himself  on  his  feet 
again.  Thereupon  the  horse  anew  broke  through  again,  and 
would  go  back  on  the  other  side,  but  on  account  of  weakness 
stuck  fast  in  the  middle  of  the  stream  in  the  ice,  so  that  we 
could  help  him  no  more  in  any  manner.  We  laid  our  saddles 
and  baggage  on  the  other  horse  and  wished  to  go  the  rest  of 
way  home  on  foot,  lost  ourselves  in  the  dark  thickets,  and 
walked  around  for  about  half  an  hour  in  a  circle,  -intil  the  stars 
once  appeared  in  the  heavens,  and  showed  us  where  we  were, 
when  we  got  home  about  3  o'clock." 

The  horse  was  rescued  the  next  morning  nearly  dead  and 
Muhlenberg  had  to  meet  his  appointments  with  a  serious  illness 
creeping  upon  him  as  a  result  of  his  long  exposure.  The  year 
before,  1748,  he  had  been  absent  on  one  of  his  long  tours,  the 
return  from  which  is  thus  described  :  "  When  I  reached  home 
on  the  5th  of  May,  I  found  my  wife  and  two  children  down 
very  sick  with  the  measles.  The  wife  was  not  properly  cared 
for  in  my  absence,  and  the  wrong  medicine  was  administered 
by  which  the  measles  were  checked.  This  resulted  in  a  suffo- 
cating catarrhal  affection  on  the  next  day.  It  had  proceeded 
so  far  that  she  had  lost  her  speech  and  had  assumed  a  brown 
color."  Mrs.  Muhlenberg  finally  recovered,  though  her  life  had 
been  despaired  of.  She  was  the  daughter  of  Conrad  Weiser, 
who  was  prominent  in  the  early  history  of  New  York,  New 
Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  as  an  interpreter  and  agent  in  connec- 
tion with  the  Indian  tribes. 

His  Gift  of  Tongues. 

And  yet  Dr.  Muhlenberg  was  a  man  of  very  superior  educa- 
tion. He  had  a  good  knowledge  of  Greek  and  Hebrew,  and 
spoke  the  English,  German,  Latin,  Holland  and  Swedish  lan- 
guages. He  was  given  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Divinity  by  the 
University  of  Pennsylvania  in  1784. 

He  preached  in  New  York  on  one  Sabbath  in  German  in  the 
morning,  in  Dutch  in  the  afternoon  and  in  English  in  the  even- 
ing. He  was  possessed  of  a  fine  tenor  voice  and  could  play  on 
the  organ.  His  disposition  was  gentle  and  conciliatory  and  he 
seemed  incapable  of  resenting  an  injury  or  even  remembering 

The  Muhlenbergs  79 

a  wrong.  His  tact  and  patience  were  often  put  severely  to  the 
test  and  never  seemed  to  fail.  He  combined  breadth  of  mind 
with  the  most  methodical  and  conscientious  regard  for  the 
details  of  routine  duty. 

It  is  principally  the  reports  of  Dr.  Muhlenberg's  work  that 
make  up  the  Hallesche  Nachrichten.  While  the  pastor  of  sev- 
eral churches  in  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania,  in  name,  he  was 
really  an  itinerant  bishop.  He  was  a  very  earnest  patriot  during 
the  Revolutionary  war.  He  died  Oct.  7th,  1887.  His  funeral  was 
attended  by  a  vast  multitude.  Three  of  his  sons  were  sent  to 
Germany  to  go  through  a  course  of  theological  training.  One 
of  these  was  Henry  Ernst  Muhlenberg,  D.  D.,  a  man  of  scien- 
tific attainments,  a  skillful  botanist  as  well  as  a  most  successful 
pastor  and  preacher.  Dr.  Muhlenberg's  accounts  of  his  work 
reveal  him  to  have  been  a  man  of  humble  and  fervent  piety,  a 
searching  preacher  and  yet  very  gentle  and  considerate  in  his 
dealings  with  the  weak  and  wayward.  He  seemed  to  find  it 
his  meat  and  drink  to  preach  the  truth.  His  consecration  and 
zeal  were  unbounded.  When  once  he  had  promised  to  visit  a 
distant  congregation,  no  weakness  or  weariness,  no  difficulty  or 
danger  could  prevent  him  from  keeping  his  appointment.  In 
short  there  is  no  name  on  the  annals  of  any  evangelical  church 
which  represents  a  more  exalted  type  of  christian  life  and  labor. 

Pastor  in  New  Jersey. 

The  stone  church  at  New  Germantown,  N.  J.,  was  erected 
at  his  advice,  and  is  a  monument  of  his  practical  jndgment  and 
of  his  powerful  influence  in  this  section.  He  was  in  fact  the 
pastor  of  the  Raritan  churches  from  1757  to  1775. 

Father  Muhlenberg's  relation  to  the  Raritan  region  began  at 
the  time  of  the  trouble  with  Wolff  in  1745  and  continued  for  30 
years.  For  seventeen  years  he  was  the  formally  chosen  rector 
while  others  served  regularly  in  his  place  as  his  assistants.  The 
gratitude  awakened  in  the  hearts  of  these  people  by  the  deliv- 
erance from  utter  ruin  which  he  had  secured  for  them  by  his 
patience,  tact  and  decision,  grew  more  and  more  warm  and 
trustful,  the  more  they  learned  to  know  him.  It  was  therefore 
a  most  joyful  time  with  them  when  in  the  year  1738  while  on  a 

80  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

visit  to  them,  he  consented  to  come  the  next  year  and  spend 
twelve  months.  He  felt  he  could  not  do  less,  though  his  own 
people  of  Providence  had  a  prior  claim  upon  him,  since  the 
Raritan  congregations  had  built  a  new  and  more  commodious 
parsonage  expressly  for  his  use  in  four  months  after  he  had 
objected  to  the  smallness  of  the  old  one. 

The  long  expected  month  of  June,  1759,  came  round  and 
Muhlenberg  set  out  on  Monday  the  eleventh  from  Providence 
in  a  wagon  with  his  wife  and  four  children.  The  three  others 
were  left  in  Pennsylvania.  Six  wagons  had  been  sent  to  the 
Delaware  river,  twenty-five  miles  from  New  Germantown,  to 
meet  him.  When  he  arrived  some  elders  and  their  wives  were 
present  to  welcome  him  and  his  family  and  to  offer  them  a  well 
prepared  repast.  Mrs.  Muhlenberg  returned  on  a  visit  to  Prov- 
idence, September  19th,  and  Muhlenberg  on  the  26th.  They 
both  returned  on  October  19th.  He  also  visited  Hackensack 
(Nov.  27th  to  Dec.  4th)  with  Wm.  Graaf,  a  student  of  theology, 
afterwards  his  successor  in  the  Raritan  churches. 

In  June,  15th,  1760,  Muhlenberg  set  out  for  Pennsylvania, 
accompanied  by  his  son  Peter  and  Jacob  Van  Buskirk,  of  Hack- 
ensack, a  student  of  theology  under  his  care.  He  returned 
again  the  next  year,  March  26th,  and  ministered  to  the  Raritan 
churches  in  spiritual  things.  One  year  of  such  service  as  this 
man  of  apostolic  spirit  and  power  would  render  could  not  fail 
to  produce  lasting  results. 

It  is  interesting  to  note  here  the  presence  of  Muhlenberg  at 
the  dedication  of  the  Bedminster  church  [in  Pluckamin]  in  1758 
at  which  time  he  preached  both  in  German  and  English  to  a 
large  concourse  of  people.  He  speaks  of  the  great  rejoicing  at 
New  Germantown,  Bedminster  and  other  places  at  the  news 
received  October  18th,  1759,  of  the  capture  of  Quebec  by  the 

According  to  the  representations  made  to  Muhlenberg,  to 
induce  him  to  spend  a  year  with  the  Raritan  people,  by  a  dele- 
gation which  visited  for  that  purpose  in  the  year  1757,  he  had  a 
second  time  saved  these  people  from  falling  into  ruin.  In 
1 76 1  he  sent 

The  Muhlenbergs  8i 

Paul  Daniel  Bryzelius 
(or  Prizelius)  to  them  to  act  as  assistant  pastor.  At  first  his 
services  were  acceptable  and  in  1765  he  was  given  a  regular 
call  as  assistant  pastor,  but  he  soon  afterwards  lost  favor  with 
the  people  and  the  next  year,  1766,  he  left  his  wife  and  family 
in  the  parsonage,  because  his  salary  had  not  been  fully  paid, 
and  set  sail  for  London  to  receive  Episcopal  ordination.  He 
then  went  to  Nova  Scotia,  where,  however,  he  was  unsuccessful 
in  his  ministry.  Bryzelius  was  born  in  Haeradshammer  in  the 
diocese  of  Linkoeping,  Sweden,  and  came  to  Philadelphia  in 
1742  with  Count  Zinzendorf.  He  was  converted  from  Mora- 
vianisin  under  the  influence  of  Dr.  Wrangel  and  was  received 
into  the  Lutheran  ministerium  Oct.  29th,  1760. 

The  next  year  after  the  departure  of  Bryzelius,  Muhlenberg 
visited  the  congregations  April  23d,  1767,  and  in  May,  1768, 
sent  his  oldest  son, 

John  Peter  Gabriel  Muhlenberg, 
to  minister  to  the  Raritan  churches.  He  remained  until  March, 
1772.  He  probably  occupied  the  parsonage  as  he  married  16th 
November,  1770,  Anna  Barbara  Meyer.  Peter  had  returned 
from  Germany  in  1766  after  a  three  year's  sojourn  there,  dur- 
ing which  time  he  had  served  as  a  clerk  in  a  drug  store  and  a 
soldier  in  the  British  army.  For  two  years,however,  he  had  studied 
theology  with  Dr.  Wrangel  and  was  licensed  the  20th  of  June, 
1769.  From  New  Jersey  he  went  to  Woodstock,  Va.,  after  re- 
ceiving Episcopal  ordination  in  London.  His  ardent  tempera- 
ment could  not  resist  the  revolutionary  fever  and  he  became  a 
Colonel  in  the  American  army  and  afterwards  attained  the 
rank  of  Major-General.  His  place  as  assistant  pastor  of  the 
Raritan  churches,  was  taken  by  his  younger  brother, 
Gotthilf  Heinrich  Ernst  Muhlenberg, 
who  had  returned  from  Germany  in  1770,  was  ordained  the 
same  year,  on  Oct.  25th,  when  he  was  not  quite  17  years  of  age. 
He  remained  in  New  Jersey  until  he  received  a  call  to  be  the 
assistant  of  his  father  in  Philadelphia  on  the  4th  of  April,  1774- 



£>  W  ^S**  EV'  ALFRED  HILLER,  D.  D.,  delivered 
the  following  sermon  in  German  Valley 
on  the  2d  of  July,  1876  :  When  the  first 
church  building  was  erected  at  German 
Valley,  it  is  hard  to  tell,  as  the  church 
historian  in  those  days  it  seems  was  not 
abroad.     There  is  a   tradition,  however, 

which  has  come  down  to  us  from  the  oldest  inhabitant,  that 

the  first  building  for  divine  service  was 

A  Log  Church, 
built  many  years  ago,  and  that  it  stood  on  or  near  the  site  of 
the  old  stone  church,  the  walls  of  which  are  still  standing. 
This  church,  like  the  old  stone  church,  was  doubtless  a  union 
church,  built  probably  as  early  as  1747  [1761]  by  the  Lutherans 
and  German  Reformed.  The  Lutheran  Church  in  the  Valley  was 
for  many  years  associated  with  the  church  at  New  Germantown, 
where  the  pastor  resided  and  preached  at  regular  intervals,  as 
well  as  at  German  Valley  and  Spruce  Run,  so  that  for  a  long  time 
the  church  was  only  an  outpost,  with  no  pastor  residing  on  the 
territory,  but  supplied  by  different  brethren  from  abroad.  In 
those  days  it  was  the  fashion  for  the  members  of  this  church 
frequently  to  attend  church  at  New  Germantown,  nine  miles 
from  here,  often  going  on  foot,  and  barefooted  at  that,  the 
ladies  carrying  their  shoes  in  their  hands  until  they  came 
within  sight  of  the  church. 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  83 

The  fathers  and  mothers  of  those  days  were  not  "  carried  to 
the  skies  on  flowery  beds  of  ease." 

[To  avoid  repetition  part  of  the  discourse  is  here  omitted  as 
the  facts  stated  have  already  been  given.] 

In  the  year  1774,  during  the  ministry  of  Henry  Muhlenberg, 
Jr.,  the  Lutheran  and  German  Reformed  congregations  of  Ger- 
man Valley  determined  to  build  a  new  church,  to  be  the  com- 
mon property  of  the  two  congregations.     This  is  the 

Old  Stone   Church. 

Before  building,  an  article  of  agreement  was  drawn  up  and 
signed  by  the  pastors  and  officers  of  each  congregation. 

This  building,  now  100  years  old,  is  still  standing,  and 
with  proper  care,  the  walls  look  as  if  they  would  stand  another 
century.  You  are  all  familiar  with  the  old  church  building. 
There  used  to  be  a  heavy  gallery  on  one  side  and  across  each 
end  ;  the  entrance  on  one  side,  under  the  gallery,  and  on  the 
opposite  side  was  the  pulpit — one  of  the  Jack-in-the-pulpit 
style,  with  sounding  board  suspended  above.  There  is  no 
chimney  on  this  church,  for  the  fathers  here  had  a  novel  way 
of  making  themselves  comfortable  on  cold  Sundays.  In  the 
centre  of  the  church  a  space  about  eight  feet  square  was  made 
with  a  ground  floor,  and  on  this  square  a  great  mass  of  char- 
coal was  burned,  the  congregation  getting  for  their  share  at 
least  the  smell  of  fire,  while  the  preacher  from  his  exalted  posi- 
tion, nearly  over  the  burning  mass,  received  a  double  portion 
of  gas  to  mix  with  his  sermon. 

The  next  minister  called  to  this  field  after  the  building  of 
the  old  stone  church  was  the 

Rev.  William  Graaf, 
who  was  settled  here  as  pastor  in  July,  1775.     He  came  here 
from  Bergen  county  and  labored  in  this  field  until  his  death 
in  1808. 

During  his  ministry  a  new  church  was  built,  and  a  congre- 
gation was  organized  at  Spruce  Run.  Mr.  Graaf  was  a  native 
of  the  town  of  Liningen,  in  the  southwestern  part  of  Germany. 

He  pursued  and  finished  his  theological  education  in  Giessen, 
in  Hesse-Darmstadt.     After  his  arrival  in  America  he  was  or- 

84  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

dained  by  Rev.  Dr.  Muhlenberg  as  pastor  of  Hackensack  and 
Ramapo,  in  Bergen  county,  N.  J.  Mr.  Graaf  continued  to  labor 
here  for  thirty-three  years — a  pastorate  longer  by  far  than  any 
who  have  as  yet  succeeded  him.  He  is  described  as  "  a  learned 
and  pious  minister  of  the  gospel,  faithful  in  the  discharge  of 
his  official  duties  ;  but  when  age  and  bodily  infirmities  forbade 
their  continuance,  the  congregation  cheerfully  supported  him 
until  the  time  of  his  death."  Mr.  Graaf,  who  was  pastor  here 
one  hundred  years  ago,  was  succeeded  by 

Rev.  Ernest  Lewis  Hazelius,  D.  D., 

a  native  of  Germany,  who  had  for  eight  years  been  a  classical 
teacher  in  the  gymnasium  at  Nazareth,  Pa.  Dr.  Hazelius  took 
charge  of  the  churches  here  in  the  month  of  August,  1809.  His 
pastorate  continued  until  near  the  close  of  the  year  1815,  when 
he  accepted  a  call  to  the  newly  established  Hartwick  Seminary 
as  the  first  Professor  of  Theology.  This  was  the  only  pastoral 
charge  that  Dr.  Hazelius  ever  served,  the  remainder  of  his  life 
from  the  time  he  left  this  field  having  been  devoted  to 

The  name  of  Dr.  Hazelius  to-day  stands  high  in  the  history 
of  the  church  in  this  country,  he  having  occupied  the  honored 
positions  of  Professor  of  Theology  in  the  Theological  Semin- 
aries at  Hartwick,  Gettysburg  and  Lexington,  S.  C. 

The  Records  of  the  Church, 
now  in  our  possession,  begin  with  the  ministry  of  Dr.  Hazelius  ; 
and  of  his  ministry  what  is  principally  recorded  is  the  num- 
ber of  baptisms,  which  were  transcribed  from   the  records  at 
New  Germantown  by  Dr.  Pohlman. 

The  following  is  the  first  entry  by  Dr.  Hazelius  :  "  On  the 
1  st  day  of  May,  in  the  year  of  Our  Lord,  1815,  a  number 
of  the  Lutheran  congregation  in  the  Dutch  Valley  met  at  their 
meeting  house  in  Washington  township,  Morris  county,  for 
the  purpose  of  electing  seven  persons  as  trustees  of  said 
church  agreeable  to  an  act  of  the  Legislature  of  the  State  of 
New  Jersey,  entitled  'An  act  to  incorporate  trustees  of  religious 
societies,'  passed  13th  June,  1799,  when  the  following  gentle- 
men were  chosen  by  a  maiority  of  votes  of  the  members  and 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  85 

voters  then  and  there  present,  viz.:  Isaac  Roelofson,  Jacob 
Karri,  Philip  Weise,  Andrew  Weise,  William  Nachrite,  Frederick 
Swackhamer  and  Joseph  Karr,  who,  having  chosen  Jacob  Kara 
as  president  and  Andrew  Weise  secretary,  took  upon  themselves 
the  name  of  Trustees  of  the  Evangelical  Lutheran  Church  in 
the  Valley,  Washington  township,  Morris  county,  by  which 
name  they  will  hereafter  be  known  in  law ;  and  on  the  10th  day 
of  June  the  above-named  gentlemen  were  sworn  into  office  be- 
fore Nicholas  Neighbor,  Esq.,  one  of  the  Justices  of  the  Peace 
for  the  County  of  Warren  and  the  State  of  New  Jersey,  accord- 
ing to  the  oath  hereunto  subjoined.  Witness  our  hands  this 
10th  day  of  June.  A.  D.  1815. 

Although  the  election  took  place  sixty-one  years  ago,  I  am 
happy  to  say  one  of  that  Board  of  Trustees,  F.  Swackhamer,  is 
with  us  to-day,  and  is  still  an  office-bearer  in  the  church.  The 
record  gives  the  names  of  seventy-five  persons  baptized  by  Dr. 

Among  these  names  we  find  the  following :  First  on  the 
list,  Lambert  Bowman,  son  of  David  Neighbor,  October  29th, 
1809  ;  Lawrence  Hagar,  John  H.  Weise,  Catharine  Naughright, 
Jacob  Weise,  Sylvester  Neighbor,  Philip  Welsh  Swackhammer, 
Samuel  Kara,  David  Swackhammer,  &c.  These  are  still 
familiar  names  in  the  Valley. 

Dr.  Hazelius  was  succeeded  by  the 

Rev.  Dr.  Hendricks, 
a  graduate  of  Union  College,  Schnectady.  N.  Y.,  and  who  had 
studied   theology  under  the   direction  of   the  Rev.   Frederick 
Mayer  at  Albany. 

Rev.  Hendricks  took  charge  of  this  pastorate  in  August, 
18 16,  and  labored  here  six  years,  when  he  accepted  a  call  to  the 
Lutheran  Church  at  Saddle  River,  N,  J.;  of  his  subsequent  his- 
tory I  have  no  source  of  information.  His  records  were  im- 
perfectly kept,  and  from  them  we  learn  that  during  his  ministry 
he  baptized  ninety-eight  children.  Among  these  are  the  fol- 
lowing familiar  names  :  Isaac  Roelofson,  Isaac  Stryker,  Mar- 
garet Stelts,  Isaiah  Trimmer,  Isaac  Swackhammer,  States  N. 
Weise,  &c,  &c.  On  the  resignation  of  Rev.  Hendricks,  a  call 
was  extended  to 

•86  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Rev.  Henry  N.  Pohlman 
the  first  graduate  of  Hartwick  Seminary,  who  had  recently  left 
that  institution,  and   had   been   preaching  for  the  church  at 
Saddle  River.  N.  J. 

Dr.  Polhman  took  charge  of  the  churches  at  New  German- 
town,  German  Valley  and  Spruce  Run  in  the  month  of  August, 
1822,  and  labored  here  most  acceptably  and  efficiently  for 
twenty-one  years. 

His  records  in  the  Church  Book  are  beautifully  written. 
The  following  is  his  first  entry :  "  On  the  1st  of  August,  1822,  in 
consequence  of  an  invitation  from  the  Board  of  Trustees  of 
Zion  Church,  New  Germantown,  the  Rev.  H.  N.  Pohlman 
visited  that  place  and  preached  with  approbation  in  the  several 

Elections  were  held  after  public  worship  in  each  of  the  con- 
gregations at  New  Germantown,  German  Valley  and  Spruce 
Run  on  the  12th,  13th  and  14th  of  said  month,  when  it  was 
unanimously  resolved,  "  that  the  Rev.  Henry  N.  Pohlman  be 
called  as  rector  of  the  three  united  congregations." 

Accordingly,  after  a  general  meeting  of  the  trustees  of  the 
said  congregations  held  at  the  Valley  on  the  18th,  the  following 
call  was  presented  to  the  said  Rev.  Henry  N.  Pohlman  and 
was  accepted  by  him  on  the  26th  at  a  meeting  of  the  Evangel- 
ical Lutheran  Synod  assembled  in  Schoharie,  N.  Y.,  in  the 
presence  of  F.  C.  Schaffer  and  Lewis  Ernest  Hazelius. 

Then  followed  the  call  which  was  signed  by  the  trustees  of 
each  church. 

The  following  are  the  names  of  the  church  officers  who 
represented  this  church  :  Jacob  Kara,  Isaac  Roelofson,  Joseph 
Kara,  Jacob  Weise,  Andrew  Weise,  John  Dufford,  John  Duse- 
bery,  William  Naughright. 

Dr.  Pohlman  was  installed  on  the  20th  of  November,  1822, 
by  the  Rev.  F.  C.  Schaffer,  of  New  York.  One  of  the  most 
important  events  of  Dr.  Pohlman's  pastorate  was  the  building 
of  a  new  church.     This  took  place  in  the  year  1832. 

Up  to  this  time  the  two  congregations  in  the  Valley — the 
Presbyterian  (formerly  German  Reformed)  and  the  Lutheran 
had  occupied  the  old  stone  church.     But  now  both  congrega- 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  87 

tions  conclude  that  it  was  not  advisable  to  continue  this  part- 
nership arrangement  any  longer,  and  the  two 
Congregations  Separated. 
Hence  this  year  each  congregation  built  their  own  church  and 
they  have  been  separate  and  independent  of  each  other  ever 

The  New  Church 
which  forms  the  three  walls  of  the  present  edifice  was  40x45 
feet  from  outside  to  outside,  built  of  stone  on  this  lot  which  was 
presented  by  Neitzer  W.  Weise,  Esq.  The  following  is  the 
record  of  the  laying  of  the  corner  stone  :  "  The  corner  stone 
of  the  Evangelical  Lutheran  Church,  to  be  known  hereafter  by 
the  name  of  Zion  Church,  German  Valley,  was  laid  with  due 
solemnity  and  in  proper  place  on  Whitsun  Monday,  the  nth 
day  of  June,  1832,  and  in  the  fifty-seventh  year  of  the  Indepen- 
dence of  the  United  States  of  North  America,  under  the  direc- 
tion of  Henry  N.  Pohlman,  pastor,  Jacob  Karn,  Jacob  Weise, 
John  Dusebery,  John  Dufford,  Jr.,  Philip  Karr,  Trustees  ;  Jacob 
Karn,  Jacob  Weise,  F.  Swackhammer,  Building  Committee  ; 
David  Bulmer,  master  carpenter  :  John  Gray,  master  mason." 
Conscious  that  except  the  Lord  build  the  house  they  labor  in 
vain  that  build  it,  the  commenced  work  was  then  solemnly 
committed  to  the  superintendence  of  the  all-glorious  Architect 
and  Governor  of  the  Universe,  and  the  congregation  dismissed 
with  the  usual  benediction.  The  following  is  the  Doctor's 
record  of  the  consecration  of  this  church  : 

Through  the  smiles  of  an  ever  kind  and  gracious  Providence 
the  work  commenced  in  His  fear,  was  duly  finished  and  on  the 
25th  of  November,  the  pastor  had  the  pleasure  of  consecrating 
it  to  the  worship  of  the  triune  God  in  the  presence  of  a  crowded 
and  attentive  audience." 

The  Rev.  W.  D.  Strobel,  of  St.  James'  Church,  New  York, 
who  kindly  assisted  on  the  occasion,  then  led  the  minds  of  his 
willing  hearers  to  an  exemplification  of  the  duties  connected 
with  the  sanctuary  by  addressing  them  from  1st  Tim.,  Ill,  15  : 
"  That  thou  mayest  know  how  thou  oughtest  to  behave  thyself 
in  the  house  of  God,  which  is  the  church  of  the  living  God,  the 
pillar  and  ground  of  the  truth."    The  pastor  followed  in  an 

88  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

address  from  Ps.  V,  7  :  "  But  as  for  me  I  will  come  into  thy 
house  in  the  multitude  of  thy  mercies  and  in  thy  fear  will  I 
worship  toward  thy  holy  temple." 

May  the  solemnities  of  that  day  never  be  forgotten. 

May  the  eyes  of  the  Lord  be  open  towards  his  house  day 
and  night  !  May  He  abundantly  bless  His  people  into  whose 
hearts  He  hath  put  it  to  build  a  house  for  His  name,  and  may 
they  be  built  up  a  spiritual  temple — an  habitation  of  God 
through  the  spirit,  through  Jesus  Christ,  our  Lord,  Amen.  May 
this  prayer  of  the  former,  and  now  sainted  pastor,  be  yet  more 
fully  answered.  The  following  is  the  report  of  the  Building 
Committee  : 

The  Building  Committee  of  Zion  Church  beg  leave  to  report 
that  in  attending  to  the  duties  assigned  them  they  have  ex- 
pended the  following  sums  : 

To  the  master  builders  as  per  contract $i>355-°° 

Materials  and  payment  of  workmen 619.91  % 

To  the  purchase  of  stoves  and  pipe,  trimming  for 

pulpit,  &c 175.47 

Making  whole  cost  of  the  church $2,144.38^ 

Of  this  amount  all  was  paid  or  subscribed  except  $230.88^. 
At  a  meeting  held  in  1840  we  find  this  resolution: 
Resolved,  That  John  Gulick  be  appointed  sexton  and  that 

he  be  allowed  $5  per  annum  for  his  services. 
Labor  was  cheap  in  those  days. 

Lutheran  Centenary. 

At  a  meeting  of  the  church  officers  in  January,  1842,  the  fol- 
lowing resolution  was  passed  : 

Resolved,  That  depending  upon  the  blessing  of  Him  who 
loves  the  cheerful  giver,  we  will  endeavor  to  raise  during  the 
centenary  year  $500,  to  be  applied  as  a  permanent  fund  to  the 
benefit  of  our  beloved  Zion,  and  hereafter  to  be  known  as  the 
centenary  fund  of  the  Evangelical  Lutheran  Zion  Church, 
German  Valley. 

Resolved,  That  the  collectors,  John  Naughright,  A.  Howell, 
J.  Dufford,  P.  Hann  and  G.  Dufford,  be  special  agents  to  receive 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  89 

subscriptions  for  the  centenary  fund  and  that  the  pastor  be 
general  agent  for  the  same  purpose. 

This  was  the  centenary  of  American  Lutheranism,  which 
dates  back  to  1742,  the  year  that  the  Rev.  Henry  M.  Muhlen- 
berg, D.  D.,  came  to  this  country. 

Another  interesting  item  for  this  year  is  the  report  of  the 
Trustees  that  the  pastor's  salary  was  paid  regularly  in  full  and 
$5  still  in  treasury. 

On  the  28th  of  July,  1843,  Dr.  Pohlman  resigned  this  charge 
and  on  the  10th  of  September  preached  his  farewell  sermon, 
having  accepted  a  call  to  the  Lutheran  Church  in  Albany,  New 
York.  While  pastor  here  Dr.  Pohlman  received  eighty  mem- 
bers into  the  church  by  confirmation  and  baptized  320  children. 

The  name  of  Dr.  Pohlman  is  still  fresh  in  the  memory  of 
the  most  of  us  gathered  here  to-day.  Although  it  is  more  than 
thirty  years  ago  since  he  left  this  charge,  up  to  the  day  of  his 
death,  he  never  forgot  his  old  and  tried  friends  in  the  Valley, 
neither  is  he  forgotten  by  you.  His  circle  of  friends  and  ad- 
mirers was  not  confined  to  his  own  church  and  his  own  denom- 
ination and  of  him  it  may  be  truly  said  to-day,  "  The  memory 
of  the  just  is  blessed."  Few,  if  any,  men  in  the  Lutheran 
Church  in  this  country  were  more  widely  known  or  more  highly 

At  three  different  times  he  was  elected  President  of  the 
General  Synod,  while  for  many  consecutive  years  he  presided 
at  the  meetings  of  the  New  York  Ministerium,  New  York 
Synod,  and  Synod  of  New  York  and  New  Jersey,  Of  all  the 
pastors  in  German  Valley  and  the  region  round  about,  none 
have  been  more  generally  popular  than  Dr.  Pohlman.  His  suc- 
cessor in  the  church  here  was 

Rev.  James  R.  Keiser, 

who  took  charge  of  this  field  in  the  month  of  November,  1843. 
Mr.  Keiser,  I  believe,  was  a  graduate  of  the  college  and  sem- 
inary at  Gettysburg,  an  excellent  man  and  good  sermonizer. 
He  served  the  congregation  for  a  short  time,  for  it  was  during 
his  pastorate,  in  the  year  1846,  that  by  mutual  consent  the 

90  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Union  was  Dissolved, 

which  heretofore  existed  between  the  two  congregations  of 
New  Germantown  and  German  Valley.  The  following  are  the 
resolutions  then  passed  at  a  joint  meeting  of  the  officers  of  the 
New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  congregations  : 

Resolved,  That  the  ecclesiastical  union  heretofore  existing 
between  the  said  congregations  be  by  mutual  consent  dissolved 
at  the  close  of  the  present  month,  October,  1846,  and  that  each 
congregation  relying  on  the  assistance  and  blessing  of  the  great 
head  of  the  church  will  endeavor  to  make  suitable  provisions 
for  comfortable  support  of  a  pastor. 

Resolved,  That  we  recognize  with  gratitude  to  God,  the 
harmony  and  fraternal  feelings  which  have  characterized  these 
two  congregations  in  all  their  conduct  toward  each  other  dur- 
ing the  many  years  they  have  been  associated  together,  and 
that  we  will  continue  to  regard  each  other  as  one  in  Christ,  to 
love  as  brethren,  and  take  a  lively  interest  in  each  other's  tem- 
poral and  eternal  welfare. 

In  those  days  all  the  church  officers  were  called  "  Trustees'' 
and  were  sworn  into  office  before  the  civil  magistrate. 

The  records  show  that  Mr.  Reiser  during  his  ministry  here 
received  22  persons  into  the  church  by  confirmation  and  two  by 
certificate  from  other  churches,  and  that  he  baptized  24  chil- 
dren. Near  the  close  of  the  year  1849  he  received  and  accepted 
a  call  to  the  church  in  Schoharie,  N.  Y.,  and  labored  in  this 
important  field  for  seven  years,  when  he  accepted  a  call  to  St. 
James  Church,  Gettysburg,  from  which  he  removed  to  Dixon, 
Illinois,  in  1861.  After  three  years  labor  there  he  engaged  in 
an  agency  for  the  American  Sunday  School  Union.  His 
youngest  son  being  brought  home  from  Yale  college,  pros- 
trated by  sickness  to  the  verge  of  the  grave,  he  resolved  to 
make  a  home  for  his  family  in  the  milder  climate  of  his  native 
State,  where  he  resided  three  years  when  the  Master  called  him 
to  his  reward.  He  was  born  in  Waynesboro,  Augusta  Co.,  Va., 
Sept.  28th,  1812  ;  died  near  Petersburg,  Va.,  October  12th,  1872, 
aged  60  years. 

The  following  lines  which  were  among  the  last  pencilings 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  91 

in  his  common  place  book  are  inscribed  upon  his  tombstone  : 
"  'Tis  sweet  to  labor  in  service  blest, 
Though  labor  with  pain  be  blended  ; 
But  sweeter  by  far  with  our  Lord  to  rest, 
The  toil  and  the  warfare  ended." 
We  now  come  to  the  history  of  this  church  as  an  indepen- 
dent organization,  and  as  most  of  you   are  familiar  with  this 
part  of  our  history  it  will  not  be  necessary  to  go  into  details. 

As  an  independent  self-supporting  congregation  this  church 
is  only  thirty  years  old.     The  first  resident  pastor  here  was 

Rev.  Ephraim  Deyoe, 
who  succeeded  Mr.  Keiser  in  November,   1846.     Mr.  Deyoe  is 
known   to  you  all  unless  it  be  the  younger  members  of  the 
congregation.     He  is  a  graduate  of  Union  college  and  I  believe 
studied  theology  both  at  Hartwick  and  Gettysburg. 

His  first  charge  was  at  Woodstock,  Ulster  Co.,  N.  Y.,  and 
from  there  he  came  to  German  Valley.  His  labors  here  were 
greatly  blessed.  To  have  a  pastor  of  your  own,  who  lived  in 
your  midst  and  devoted  all  his  time  to  this  one  charge,  gave  a 
new  impulse  to  the  congregation  and  infused  new  life  into  the 

At  this  time,  and  indeed  before  this  time,  the  name  of  our 
esteemed  brother, 

John  Naughright, 

appears  with  a  praiseworthy  prominence  among  the  office 
bearers  and  supporters  of  the  church.  On  the  arrival  of  the 
new  pastor  Mr.  N.  opened  his  heart  and  his  doors  too  and  took 
in  the  young  dominie  and  his  wife  and  for  a  very  trifling  con- 
sideration kept  them  during  the  whole  winter  and  indeed  until 
the  parsonage  which  he  was  very  largely  instrumental  in  build- 
ing, was  finished  and  ready  for  occupancy. 

Many  of  you  remember  how  in  those  days  when  the  church 
was  weak — when  friends  were  few  and  foes  formidable,  this 
good  brother  stood  by  the  church,  sparing  neither  time  nor 
money,  nor  influence  in  his  efforts  to  promote  the  prosperity  of 
Zion.  In  his  attendance  upon  the  preacher's  word — in  the 
cheerful  and  liberal  support  he  gave  the  church  and  in  his 
efforts  to  bring  his  friends  and  neighbors  with  him  to  the  house 

92  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

of  God,  providing  and  running  a  hack  for  years  for  this  pur- 
pose he  has  set  an  example  worthy  of  all  imitation  and  his 
name  deserves  special  mention  in  common  with  this  part  of  the 
history  of  this  church.  During-  the  ministry  of  Brother  Deyoe 
the  church  enjoyed  several  preciou* 


and  large  numbers  were  gathered  together  in  the  church. 
There  were  at  one  time,  February  6th,  1848,  thirty-five  persons 
received  into  the  church  ;  at  another  time  forty-two  ;  at  another 

At  the  head  of  the  list  of  confirmations  we  notice  the  name 
of  E.  M.  Battles.  Brother  Deyoe  labored  here  until  in  the 
spring  of  1858,  when  he  resigned  and  accepted  a  call  to  the 
churches  at  Saddle  River  and  Ramapo,  N.  J.,  in  the  neighbor- 
hood of  which  he  still  continues  to  labor.  The  charge  having 
been  divided  a  few  years  ago,  he  now  preaches  at  Ramseys 
station  in  a  new  church  which  he  has  organized  at  that  place. 
From  the  records  of  the  church  we  gathered  the  following  sum- 
mary of  Bro.  Deyoe's  labors  while  pastor  here  :  Confirmations,. 
176  ;  baptism  of  infants,  a  16  ;  attended  97  marriages  and  163 

Rev.  Alfred  Hiller,  D.  D. 

Mr.  Deyoe  was  succeeded  by  your  present  pastor,  September 
10th,  185;.,  nearly  18  years  ago.  As  we  to-day  review  these  18 
years  which  have  so  rapidly  passed  into  eternity  we  have  great 
reason  for  gratitude  for  the  repeated  and  continued  tokens  of 
the  divine  favor. 

During  this  term  the  church  record  shows  239  additions  to 
the  church,  188  children  baptized,  114  marriages  and  206 
funerals.  Among  the  improvements  made  during  the  present 
pastorate,  we  would  mention  the  rebuilding  and  enlarging  the 
church  in  1861.  The  total  cost  of  these  improvements  was 
$4,485.66.  Of  this  amount  $415.24  were  paid  for  bell  and  fix- 
tures and  $349.16  for  furniture,  cushions,  lamps,  &c.  Dr.  Wil- 
let,  Morris  Naughright  and  Nathan  Anthony,  were  the  build- 
ing committee.  In  the  year  1866  the  parsonage  was  rebuilt 
and  enlarged  at  an  expense  of  about  $2,400,  and  in  the  year 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  93 

1869  the  organ  was  placed  in  the  church  at  an  expense  of  $1,200. 
The  record   shows  921    children   baptized  and  519  persons 
received  into  the  church  by  confirmation.    The  present  resident 
membership  is  230  communicants. 

Such,  at  the  close  of  the  first  100  years  of  our  nation's  his- 
tory, is  the  history  of  this  church. 

As  we  contrast  the  church  to-day  with  what  it  was  100  years 
ago  we  have  reason  to  thank  God  and  take  courage. 

What  the  next  centennial  will  be  depends  very  much  upon 
us  and  our  children. 

Let  us  remember  we  are  making  history,  and  with  such  a 
history  before  you  may  you  gather  new  inspiration  to-day. 

With  a  faith  so  pure  and  scriptural — with  a  government  so 
in  harmony  with  our  free  institutions  and  with  such  a  history 
together  with  the  memory  of  what  our  own  beloved  church  has 
done  for  us  and  for  our  fathers — truly  she  is  worthy  of  our 
love  and  untiring  devotion. 

May  the  language  of  our  hearts  to-day  be 
"  For  her  my  tears  shall  fall  ; 
For  her  my  prayers  ascend  ; 
To  her  my  cares  and  toils  be  given, 
Till  toils  and  cares  shall  end." 
We  add  to  the  above  a  few  items  to  bring  the  history  down 
to  the  present  time.     In  the 

German  Valley  Church 
the  Rev.  Dr.  Hiller  resigned  his  pastorate  of  23  years  in  1881  to 
accept  a  call  to  the  chair  of  Theology  in  the  Hartwick  Lutheran 
Seminary  at  Hartwick,  N.  Y. 

He  was  followed  in  the  year  1891  by  Rev.  Benjamin  B.  Col- 
lins, a  returned  missionary  from  Africa,  who  served  the  con- 
gregation until  the  year  1890,  when  the  Rev.  William  S.  Delp, 
his  brother-in-law,  was  unanimously  called  27  November,  1890, 
and  began  his  work  the  12th  of  January,  1891,  and  is  still  labor- 
ing in  this  field.     In  the 

New  Germantown  Church 
the  Rev.  Mr.  Reiser's  successor  in   1850  was  the  Rev.  George 
S.  Collins,  who  was  followed  in   1853  by  the  Rev.  Jacob  Duy. 


Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

In  1872  the  Rev.  John  F.  Diener  accepted  a  unanimous  call 
and  remained  until  1879,  when  he  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev. 
John  P.  Krechting,  who  is  still  serving  most  acceptably  the 




Michael  Schlatter — Wirtz — Stapel — Dalliker — Wack- 
and  German  Valley  Church. 

AVING  FOLLOWED  the  history  of  the 
Lutheran  division  of  the  Early  Germans 
we  now  turn  to  the  German  Reformed 
branch.  What  Muhlenberg  was  to  the 
Lutheran  churches,  his  friend  and  fel- 
low-countryman, Schlatter,  was  to  the 
German  Reformed  people.  Born  at  St. 
Gall,  in  Switzerland,  in  1716,  July  14th,  he  spent  some  time  in 
Holland,  after  completing  his  studies  as  a  teacher,  and  then, 
returning  to  Switzerland,  became  the  Sabbath  evening  preacher 
in  a  church  near  his  birthplace.  He  soon,  however,  offered  his 
services  to  the  Synod  of  North  and  South  Holland  as  a  mis- 
sionary to  the  destitute  churches  of  Pennsylvania,  which  were 
at  that  time  calling  so  loudly  for  help.  He  arrived  at  Boston 
August  1st,  1746,  whence  he  proceeded  to  Philadelphia.  He 
married,  October  nth,  1747,  Maria  Schleidorn,  of  New  York. 
We  have  only  space  to  notice  briefly  his  very  extensive  labors 
in  organizing  and  developing  the  very  small  beginnings  of  the 
German  Reformed  denomination.  His  labors  were  of  the  same 
o-eneral  character  as  those  of  Muhlenberg.     Like  the  latter  he 

p6  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

cheerfully  placed  his  life  in  danger  to  visit  the  weak  and 
struggling  churches  scattered  so  far  from  one  another  in  New 
Jersey,  Pennsylvania,  and  even  Virginia.  No  searcher  for 
wealth,  no  enthusiast  in  scientific  exploration  endured  more 
hardships  or  encountered  more  dangers  than  did  these  two 
devoted  missionaries  in  their  unwearied  "  work  of  service  and 
labor  of  love."  Schlatter's  zeal  was  not  without  knowledge, 
and  his  tact  and  good  sense  carried  him  safely  through  trials 
and  persecutions  which  would  have  overwhelmed  a  man  of  less 
balance  of  mind  and  correctness  of  deportment.  It  is  said  of 
him  that  "  he  was  fond  of  order  and  had  the  power  and  tact  of 
organization  in  an  eminent  degree.  He  was  prompt  and  punc- 
tual in  his  appointments,  careful  and  exact  in  all  his  business." 
Like  Muhlenberg  he  was  a  man  of  fervent  piety  and  insisted 
upon  a  personal  experience  of  the  power  of  the  truth.  Though 
carrying  on  his  heart  the  burden  of  all  the  churches  he  could 
be  in  the  social  circle  "  free,  familiar  and  full  of  vivacity  and 
cheerfulness."  Moreover,  while  devoted  in  heart  and  soul  to 
his  own  inherited  type  of  evangelical  belief,  he  was  entirely 
free  from  sectarianism  and  bigotry  and  no  unseemly  rivalry 
arose  between  him  and  his  Lutheran  compeer.  In  1757  he 
accepted  a  chaplaincy  in  the  British  army  and  was  present  at 
the  capture  of  Quebec.  Two  years  later  he  gave  up  this  posi- 
tion and  settled  at  Chestnut  Hill  near  Philadelphia.  At  the 
same  time  he  served  congregations  at  Barren  Hill,  Franklin- 
ville  and  other  neighboring  localities.  He  died  in  the  month 
of  October  (?)  1790,  in  his  seventy-fifth  year. 

The  Church  of  German  Valley. 

The  following  church  history  is  an  enlargement  in  some 
parts  and  a  curtailment  in  others  of  a  discourse  by  Rev.  Isaac 
Alstyne  Blauvelt,  delivered  28th  April,  1870.  Free  use  has 
also  been  made  of  Harbaugh's  "  Fathers  of  the  German  Re- 
formed Church." 

On  the  twenty-third  of  May,  1746,  the  deputies  of  the  Synods 
of  South  and  North  Holland  commissioned  a  certain  Michael 
Schlatter,  to  come  to  this  country  to  visit  the  various  German 
settlements,  organize  churches,  preach  the  gospel,  administer 
the  sacraments,  prepare  the  way  for  the  settlement  of  ministers, 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  97 

who  might  be  sent  from  the  old  country,  and  take  the  general 
oversight  of  the  churches.  He  had  received  a  considerable 
portion  of  his  education  at  Helmstadt,  in  the  Duchy  Brunswick, 
in  northwestern  Germany.  He  was  fully  inducted  into  the 
office  of  the  ministry  in  Holland — probably  in  the  year  1745. 
In  accordance  with  the  commission  received  from  the  Synods 
of  South  and  North  Holland,  he  sailed  for  America  on  the  1st  of 
June,  1746.  He  reached  Boston  on  the  1st  of  August.  From 
there  he  went  to  New  York,  and  thence  to  Philadelphia.  Bos- 
ton was  at  that  time  the  largest  town  in  America.  He  says  it 
contained  about  three  thousand  houses.  New  York,  or  New 
Amsterdam,  had  about  two  thousand  houses.  Philadelphia 
had  seven  streets  running  north  and  south,  and  seven  running 
east  and  west.  It  had  about  ten  thousand  inhabitants,  and  was 
the  second  city  in  America. 

Schlatter  made  his  home  in  Philadelphia,  and  became  the 
pastor  of  the  German  Reformed  Church  in  that  city,  in  connec- 
tion with  the  one  at  Germantown.  But  he  was  at  home  only  a 
small  portion  of  his  time,  being  mainly  occupied  in  visiting  and 
superintending  the  various  churches  throughout  the  country. 
He  kept  a  journal  of  his  travels,  which  is  still  preserved.  In 
this  journal  are  some  matters  of  interest  to  us.  Thus  he  writes 
in  one  place  :  "  When  I  had  safely  arrived  at  home  on  the 
third  of  July,  1747,  I  found  a  very  earnest  and  moving  letter, 
written  by  several  congregations  in  the  province  of  New  Jer- 
sey, namely,  at  Rockaway,  Fox  Hill  and  Amwell,  in  the  region 
of  the  Raritan,  distant  about  seventy  miles  from  Philadelphia. 
They  urge  me,  with  the  strongest  motives,  yea,  they  pray  me, 
for  God's  sake,  to  pay  them  a  visit,  that  I  may  administer  to 
them  the  Lord's  supper,  and  by  baptism  incorporate  their 
children  with  the  church,  who  have  already,  during  three  or 
more  years,  remained  without  baptism."  The  church  of  Am- 
well was  at  Ringoes,  in  Hunterdon  county.  Rockaway  is  now 
known  as  the  Reformed  Church  of  Lebanon,  and  the  Fox  Hill 
church  is  described  as  "  located  at  the  foot  of  a  hill  of  that 
name,  in  German  Valley,  about  thirty  miles  north  of  Amwell." 
[H.  Harbaugh].  It  was  more  probably  the  church  on  the  aunt 
Katie  Sutton  farm  between  German  Vallev  and  Fairmount. 

98  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

It  would  appear  from  the  letter  which  Schlatter  received, 
that  there  had  been  no  minister  here  for  three  years  or  more, 
and  while  the  general  state  of  morals  and  religion  was,  no 
doubt,  pretty  low,  still  the  letter  proves  that  there  were  some 
earnest  christians.  I  quote  again  from  Schlatter's  journal  : 
"On  the  thirteenth  of  November,  1747,  I  undertook  the  jour- 
ney to  the  three  congregations  in  New  Jersey,  from  which  I 
had,  on  the  third  of  July,  received  a  most  friendly  and  pressing 
invitation  to  meet  them.  On  the  fourteenth,  after  a  journey  of 
sixty  miles,  I  came  to  Rockaway.  Here  I  received  twenty 
young  persons  into  the  church  as  members,  after  they  had 
made  a  profession  of  their  faith  ;  preached  a  preparatory  ser- 
mon on  the  fifteenth,  and  on  the  following  da}T  administered 
the  Holy  Supper  in  a  small  church  to  an  attentive  and  rever- 
ent assembly.  In  the  afternoon  I  went  to  Fox  Hill,  where  I 
preached  a  preparatory  sermon,  and  on  the  following  day, 
which  was  the  eighteenth,  administered  the  Holy  Supper  to 
forty  members.  After  I  had  performed  this  solemn  service,  to 
the  great  edification  of  the  congregation,  and  had  yet,  in  each 
place,  preached  a  thanksgiving  sermon  after  the  communion,  I 
returned  again  to  Philadelphia  on  the  twentieth,  joyful  in  heart 
and  giving  thanks  to  God  for  the  support  which  He  had  ren- 
dered me.  I  cannot  refrain  from  referring  briefly  to  the  fact 
that  those  three  congregations,  from  gratitude  for  the  service 
I  had  rendered  them,  handed  me  a  pecuniary  reward  ;  and  this 
was  the  first  money  which,  since  my  arrival  in  America  up  to 
this  time,  I  have  received  from  any  congregation  for  my  labor 
and  pains."  Thus  early  did  this  congregation  show  a  disposi- 
tion to  be  liberal  and  generous  toward  its  minister — a  disposi- 
tion which  it  has  always  cultivated.  In  after  years,  the  people 
of  this  valley  acquired  quite  a  reputation  for  kindness  to  their 
pastor — a  reputation  which  they  have  never  lost,  and  which 
they  still  continue  to  deserve.  Schlatter  again  visited  this 
church  in  the  early  part  of  June,  1748,  preached  and  adminis- 
tered the  sacraments.  There  was  a  third  visit  on  the  eleventh 
and  twelfth  of  October,  of  the  same  year  ;  and  a  fourth  visit, 
from  the  twenty-second  to  the  twenty-seventh  of  May,  1749, 
and  a  fifth  in  June,  1750. 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  99 

In  the  fall  of  1750,  Schlatter  was  sent  to  Europe  by  the 
German  Reformed  Synod  (which  he  had  himself  been  instru- 
mental in  forming),  for  the  purpose  of  seeking  help,  both  in 
men  and  in  money.  In  his  efforts  he  was  highly  successful, 
receiving  the  gift  of  seven  hundred  bibles  and  a  considerable 
sum  of  money.  Six  young  ministers  were  also  sent  over,  and 
a  general  interest  in  America  was  awakened  in  the  churches  of 
Holland  and  Germany.  This  church,  however,  received  no 
direct  benefit  from  all  this,  for  none  of  these  men  came  to  the 
Valley  and  the  money  was  used  elsewhere.  For  Schlatter  said 
that  the  people  here  were  "  able  to  provide  properly  for  the 
support  of  a  minister,  and  also  willing,  with  great  cheerfulness 
to  do  it."  Schlatter,  moreover,  reported  to  the  Synods  of  South 
and  Xorth  Holland,  that  this  church,  together  with  that  of 
Rockaway,  "  implores  earnestly  that  God  may  at  length  send 
forth  a  faithful  laborer  into  this  harvest."  This  prayer  was 
soon  answered  ;  for  in  that  same  year,  the  people  of  the  two 
congregations  were  made  happy  by  having  a  minister  settled 
among  them.     The  first  German  Reformed  pastor  was 

Rev.  Johannes  Conrad  Wirtz. 

In  the  town  library  of  Zurich  occurs  the  following  : 
"Johannes  Conrad  Wirz  left  Zurich  for  the  Carolinas  ;  is  said 
to  have  met  Anna  Goetschi  on  the  passage  and  to  have  married 
her  in  America,  since  which  nothing  has  been  heard  of  him." 

This  notice  connects  him  with  a  family  whose  records,  care- 
fully kept,  go  back  to  the  middle  ages.  John  Conrad  was  the 
fifth  son  of  Johannes  Conrad,  Sen.,  who  was  born  1661,  May 
5,  at  Zurick,  married  Magdalena  Klingler,  and  became  a  minister 
in  1682.  He  was  catechist  at  Wiedikon  and  afterwards  pastor 
at  Neukirch  in  1685  ;  became  pastor  at  Kloten  in  1691  and  was 
chosen  deacon  at  the  Silberschield,  January  15,  1704.  In  1728 
he  was  appointed  minister  of  the  church  at  Kerensen,  in  Switzer- 
land, where  he  died  April  20,  1730  ;  beside  our  first  pastor,  he 
had  five  sons  and  six  daughters. 

On  the  29th  of  May,  1735,  the  ship  Mercury  landed  at  Phil- 
adelphia. It  contained  Palatines  and  Switzers  to  the  number 
in  all  of  186.     First  on  the  list  of  those  who  sign  the  declara- 

ioo  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

tion  of  allegiance  at  the  Court  House  in  the  presence  of  Gov- 
ernor Gordon  is  Conrad  Wuertz.  In  this  same  ship  were 
Johannes  Moelick,  Jacob  Maurer,  Conrad  and  Jacob  Conrad 
Naffe  and  Jacob  Naeff.  The  first  and  last  of  these  families, 
and  perhaps  also  the  second,  settled  in  New  Jersey  in  the 
vicinity  of  Pluckamin. 

Among  the  passengers  who  are  marked  absent  occurs  the 
name  of  Henry  Goetschy.  Of  those  under  sixteen  we  have 
Rudolph  Goetschy  and  Moritz  Goetschy.  The  Rev.  Moritz 
Goetschy,  who  is  said  to  have  come  over  in  the  same  vessel, 
and  whose  daughter  John  Conrad  Wirtz  married,  must  have 
died  before  the  vessel  arrived,  or  immediately  afterwards,  as 
his  name  does  not  occur  in  the  list.  (See  Rupp's  Thirty  Thou- 
sand Names,  p.  99). 

The  next  we  hear  of  Mr.  Wirtz  is  that  he  (or  at  least  a  Swiss 
bearing  his  name,  only  spelling  it  as  it  is  on  the  list  of  emi- 
grants, Wuert),  is  pastor  of  the  "  Egypter  "  congregation  in 
Lehigh  county  in  the  year  1742.  He  served  this  congregation 
until  1744  and  baptised  fifteen  children.  It  is  said  that  noth- 
ing is  known  of  this"  man  afterwards,  but  there  is  nothing  to 
contradict  the  supposition  that  he  was  the  same  as  John  Conrad 

"  In  1746,  Oct.  14th  or  15th,"  says  Michael  Schlatter,  "  a  cer- 
tain J.  C.  Wirts,  of  Zurich,  came  to  visit  me,  who  endeavored  to 
excuse  himself  for  having  served  as  a  minister  for  several  years 
in  some  congregations  in  this  country  without  any  regular  call 
or  ordination.  He  said  he  had  done  this  partly  in  compliance 
with  the  earnest  solicitations  of  the  people — who  would  be 
edified  by  an  .unordained  teacher  [rather]  than  remain  entirely 
destitute  of  spiritual  nourishment — and  partly  on  account  of 
having  been  destitute  of  any  other  means  of  support ;  and  he 
humbly  entreated  me  to  lend  him  my  counsel  and  assistance, 
that  he  might  obtain  from  the  Fatherland  a  regular  ecclesias- 
tical induction  into  the  office  of  the  ministry,  and  afterward  be 
properly  installed  as  pastor  in  some  churches  that  might  desire 
his  services.  I  gave  him  to  understand  that  I  was  not  yet 
sufficiently  well  acquainted  either  with  his  abilities  or  manner 
of  life,  nor  with  the  disposition  toward  him  of  those  congrega- 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  ioi 

tions  in  which  he  had  hitherto  performed  his  irregular  labors  ; 
but  that  I  hoped  in  the  ensuing  spring  to  be  able  to  investigate 
the  matter,  and  report  to  the  respective  Synods  as  the  circum- 
stances of  the  case  would  seem  to  warrant,  and  then  await  their 

Meanwhile,  it  appears  Mr.  Wirtz  continued  in  his  congrega- 
tions. On  the  28th  of  June,  1747,  Mr.  Schlatter  came  to  Saucon, 
where  he  speaks  of  a  congregation  served,  at  that  time,  by  this 
Mr.  Wirtz.  Mr.  Schlatter  preached  there  on  the  29th  and  asked 
the  congregation  if  they  desired  Mr.  Wirtz  to  be  authorized  to 
serve  them  as  their  regular  pastor.  As  there  was  not  perfect 
unanimity,  Mr.  Schlatter  went  on  nine  miles  farther  to  Spring- 
field, or  Schuggenhaus,  a  congregation  under  the  irregular  care 
of  Mr.  Wirtz,  where  he  preached  on  the  30th,  and  put  the  same 
questions  with  the  same  result  as  before  at  Saucon.  There  is 
nothing  in  all  this,  we  are  told,  reflecting  in  the  slightest  degree 
upon  Mr.  Wirtz's  moral  character. 

The  next  record  relating  to  our  first  Reformed  pastor  is 
found  in  the  minutes  of  the  Synod  of  New  York,  which  body 
included  the  Presbytery  of  New  Brunswick.  It  is  dated  New- 
ark, Sept.  27th,  1750.  "The  High  Dutch  congregation  of  Rock- 
away,  in  the  township  of  Lebanon,  applied  to  the  Synod  that 
they  might  be  taken  under  the  care  of  Synod,  and  that  a  cer- 
tain person  now  preaching  among  them  may  be  taken  under 
examination,  and,  if  approved,  ordained  as  a  minister.  The 
Synod,  in  order  to  clear  the  way  to  transact  anything  with  said 
people,  do  appoint  Mr.  Pemberton  to  make  inquiry,  of  the 
Dutch  ministers  of  New  York,  whether  said  people  do  belong 
to  their  jurisdiction  ;  and  he  is  to  acquaint  a  committee  of 
Synod  how  that  matter  is.  And  the  Synod  appoints  Messrs. 
Pierson,  Burr,  Arthur,  Smith  and  Spencer ;  their  committee  to 
sit  at  such  time  and  place  as  they  shall  appoint,  and  transact, 
in  said  affair,  according  as  things  shall  then  appear  to  them." 
Sept.  21,  175 1. — The  committee  report  that,  difficulties  rising  in 
their  way,  from  time  to  time,  they  could  do  nothing  in  the 
matter  ;  and,  as  application  is  again  made,  they  recommend 
that  it  be  referred  to  the  Presbytery  of  New  Brunswick,  to  do 
as   they    think    best,    when    the   matter   is   laid   before    them. 

ioj  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

Sept.  28,  1752. — According  to  the  appointment  of  Synod,  the 
Presbytery  of  New  Brunswick  examined  the  affair  of  the  Dutch 
congregation  at  Rockaway,  and  ordained  Mr.  Worts  (Wirtz)  to 
be  their  minister."  The  above  is  from  Records  of  the  Presby- 
terian Church  pp.  241,  243-4  and  246.  Rev.  Richard  Webster 
in  his  History  of  the  Presbyterian  Church  says,  page  610, 
Conrad  Worts  "  was  taken  up  as  a  probationer,  September  3d, 
1751,  Rockaway  asked  for  him,  May  9th,  1752,  and  he  was 
ordained  their  pastor  on  the  5th  of  June.  *  *  *  He  was 
dismissed  Oct.  21st,  1761." 

The  following  is  an  entry  made  by  Mr.  Wirtz  in  the  church 
book  of  the  church  of  York,  Pennsylvania,  which  gives  a  de- 
tailed account  of  his  removal  from  New  Jersey  : 

"On  the  21st  day  of  August,  in  the  year  of  our  dear 
Redeemer,  Jesus  Christ,  1791,  I,  Johannes  Conrad  Wirz,  minis- 
ter of  the  word  of  God  and  installed  pastor  of  the  congregations 
of  Rockaway  and  German  Valley  in  Jersey,  received  an  invita- 
tion from  this  congregation  by  the  hands  of  Mr.  Balthaser 
Spangler,  to  visit  and  preach  to  them,  in  the  hope  that  a 
gracious  God  would  incline  our  hearts  to  an  affectionate  union, 
and  thus  again  supply  this  forsaken  flock  with  a  faithful  pastor 
and  teacher.  With  the  divine  blessing  and  favor,  I  concluded 
to  accept  this  invitation,  and  determined  to  undertake  the  jour- 
ney accompanied  by  the  aforementioned  Mr.  Spangler.  Ac- 
cordingly, we  set  out  on  the  27th  day  of  August  and  arrived 
here  safe  and  in  good  health  on  the  first  day  of  September.  On 
the  following  Sabbath  I  preached  my  first  sermon,  and,  by  re- 
quest, delivered  three  or  four  additional  discourses  subsequently, 
which  were  so  blessed  by  the  Father  of  Light  that  the  respected 
congregation,  with  unfeigned  affection  unanimously  desired  me 
to  become  their  pastor,  inasmuch'  as  the  Rev.  Mr.  Lischy  had 
forsaken  them,  and  as  the  members,  individually,  had  confi- 
dence in  me.  A  formal  and  regular  call,  dated  September  12, 
1 76 1,  and  signed  by  the  elders  and  members  was  tendered  to 
me,  which  I  was  unable  to  decline,  yet  accepted  only  on  con- 
dition that  I  should  be  able  to  obtain  the  consent  of  my  con- 
gregations in  New  Jersey  and  of  the  reverend  Presbytery  of 
New  Brunswick,  by  which  I  had  been  ordained  to  the  work  of 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  103 

the  ministry.  Subsequently,  on  obtaining  the  consent  of  my 
congregation  and  receiving  a  dismissal  from  the  reverend 
Presbytery  of  New  Brunswick,  dated  October  24th,  1761,  I 
removed  to  this  place  in  the  name  of  the  Lord  Jesus,  and 
arrived  on  the  5th  of  May,  1762,  and  on  the  following  Sabbath, 
being  the  9th  of  May,  preached  my  introductory  sermon  from 
Rev.  X,  10,  having  resolved  to  serve  this  congregation  accord- 
ing to  the  grace  of  God  in  the  preaching  of  the  word  and  the 
administration  of  the  sacraments,  whereunto  may  a  merciful 
God,  for  Jesus'  sake,  grant  and  communicate  the  grace,  strength 
and  aid  of  his  Holy  Spirit. 

Johannes  Conrad  Wirz,  V.  D.  M. 
May  1 2th,  1762. 

There  are  no  records  of  his  ministry  in  any  of  the  German 
churches  he  served  in  New  Jersey.  His  descendants,  however, 
are  found  in  the  State  and  in  this  vicinity  to  the  present  day 
Indeed  the  present  Governor  of  the  State,  the  Hon.  George 
Theodore  Werts,  is  a  great-great-grandson  of  the  Rev.  John 

His  ministry  in  the  congregation  of  York  continued  for  onlv 
a  year  and  a  half,  when  he  was  called  home  to  his  rest  and 
reward  on  Wednesday,  September  21st,  1763.  He  was  buried 
on  the  Friday  following.  His  wife  survived  him.  His  children 
will  be  found  in  the  genealogy  of  the  Wirts  family.  During 
the  short  period  of  his  ministry  in  York,  he  baptised  eighty- 
three  children,  and  buried  fourteen  persons.  How  many  were 
added  to  the  church  is  not  known,  but  it  appears  that  the  con- 
gregation flourished.  A  new  church  was  erected  during  his 
ministry.  At  the'  laying  of  the  corner  stone  he  preached  from 
the  text  Ezra  III,  10,  11.  He  seems  to  have  been  enabled  to 
attend  to  his  duties  till  near  the  end.  His  last  baptism  was 
performed  August  14th,  1763,  about  one  month  before  he  died. 
At  the  time  of  his  death  the  floor  was  not  laid  in  the  church  ; 
so  they  buried  him  in  the  church,  under  the  altar. 

"Tradition,"  says  Rev.  Mr.  Harbaugh,  " has  preserved  his 
name  in  good  savor,  as  an  earnest  and  pious  minister.  The 
church  records,  at  York,  bear  various  incidental  marks  of  his 
zeal  for  the  church,  and  his  personal  piety  and  devotion." 

104  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

"After  the  laying  of  the  corner  stone,"  says  the  records, 
"  the  pastor  expressed  the  following  wish  :  In  the  church  now 
to  be  erected  may  Piety  preside,  Holiness  reign,  Truth  ever 
prevail,  Love  and  Harmony  dwell." 

After  Mr.  Wirtz  left  the  Valley,  the  congregation  was  without 
a  pastor  for  a  number  of  years.  It  is  probable,  however,  that 
the  people  enjoyed  the  occasional  ministrations  of 

Rev.  Caspar  Michael  Stapel, 

who  was  settled  over  the  German  church  at  Amwell.  This  Mr. 
Stapel  was  an  energetic  and  efficient  minister,  and  his  labors 
at  Amwell  were  greatly  blessed.  In  a  short  time,  eighty-four 
persons  were  added  to  the  church,  and  his  consistory  declared 
that  he  has  "  thus  destroyed  the  thought,  that  in  a  short  time, 
New  Jersey  must  acknowledge  the  English  Presbyterian 
church  as  their  church."  But  Amwell  is  now  a  Presbyterian 
church,  and  there  is  not  a  German  Reformed  church  left  in  the 
whole  region  in  which  Stapel  may  have  labored.  He  probably 
preached  also  at  Alexandria,  Knowlton  and  Stillwater. 

Mr.  Stapel  was  born  in  1721  and  died  March  17th,  1766.  He 
was  buried  in  the  cemetery  at  Ringoes.  October  29th,  1762, 
the  consistory  of  the  church  at  Amwell  wrote  to  the  Synods  of 
North  and  South  Holland  in  regard  to  Mr.  Stapel.  They 
praise  him  and  gratefully  rejoice  in  his  success.  There  are, 
they  say,  two  schoolmasters  laboring  under  his  direction  ;  they 
stand  fully  under  the  coetus  ;  his  ill-natured  wife  refuses  to 
come  to  this  country  ;  they  desire  them  to  call  upon  her  in  the 
Hamburg  papers,  to  come  to  her  husband,  and,  if  she  does  not 
obey,  to  free  him,  have  him  legally  divorced,  that  he  may 
marry  again  ;  "  as  it  is  necessary  for  a  minister,  in  this  coun- 
try, to  be  married."  They  say  seven  years,  the  legal  time,  has 
transpired  since  she  abandoned  him.  Stapel  signs  himself 
President  of  the  Coetus  of  Pennsylvania,  in  a  letter  to  the 
Fathers  in  Holland,  May  17th,  1763.  He  was  also  president  of 
a  special  meeting  of  the  same  body,  October  24th,  1763. 

His  will  dated  Feb.  12th,  probated  March  5th  (?),  1766, 
[Trenton,  Lib.  12,  fol.  414],  speaks  of  his  wife,  "left  behind  in 
Germany,"  and  his  two  sons,  John  Casper  and  John  Andries, 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  105 

for  whose  benefit  he  leaves  72  ducats,  in  the  care  of  his  brother- 
in-law,  John  Peter  Franks,  of  the  city  of  Rostock,  belonging  to 
the  Duke  of  Mecklenberg  Schwerin.  He  also  makes  bequests 
to  Catherine,  the  wife  of  John  Housilt  of  Amwell,  to  the 
youngest  son  of  Peter  Hufman,  late  of  Amwell,  and  to  Peter 
Mire,  "who  formerly  lived  with  me."  In  the  probate  of  his 
will  he  is  described  as  a  doctor  of  divinity  and  physic. 

Rev.  Frederick  Dalliker 

was  the  second  regular  pastor  of  the  churches  of  German  Val- 
ley, Fox  Hill,  Rockaway,  Alexandria  and  Amwell.  He  proba- 
bly also  preached  at  Knowlton  and  Stillwater.  He  was  born 
the  2d  of  February,  1738,  and  died  the  15th  of  January,  1799, 
at  60  years  of  age.  The  name  is  said  to  have  been  originally 
de  la  cour,  denoting  Huguenot  descent.  The  records  of  several 
of  the  churches  under  his  ministry  begin  with  his  pastorate, 
viz.,  German  Valley  in  1769  (May  14th),  Rockaway  (Lebanon) 
in  1768  (Nov.  6th),  Stillwater  with  the  articles  of  Union  in  1769 
(Oct.  12th).  The  Lebanon  book  is  dated  1762,  August  5th,  and 
it  may  be  that  the  first  records  are  torn  out.  The  inscription 
on  the  first  page  reads  Kir c hen- Buck  fur  die  Racheweyler 
Evangelisch-Reformirte-Gemeine,  1762,  den  3 ten  August. 

At  this  date  Wirtz  had  left  this  charge  and  either  Stapel  or 
Dalliker  took  his  place.  It  seems  more  probable  that  Stapel, 
whose  death  occurred  at  Amwell  in  1766,  and  who  was  there- 
fore living  in  this  part  of  New  Jersey  up  to  that  date,  was 
the  pastor  of  these  churches  until  then.  This  latter  date 
would  therefore  be  the  more  probable  one  for  the  beginning  of 
Rev.  Dalliker's  ministry.  He  began  to  preach  about  1757, 
according  to  the  statement  on  his  tombstone,  where  it  is  said 
that  "he  served  the  Reformed  Church  in  this  country  forty- 
two  years." 

In  the  minutes  of  Coetus  (Synod)  of  1770,  it  is  mentioned 
that  Mr.  Dallicker  had  left  the  congregation  of  Amwell  on 
account  of  strife  among  them.  He  continued  to  minister  to  the 
other  churches  until  the  fall  of  1782.  He  then  removed  to 
Goshenhoppen,  Pa.,  where  he  remained  until  1784.  His  family 
will  be  found  in  page  320  of  the  genealogies  in  Part  II  of  this 

io6  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

work.  He  is  buried  at  Faulkner  Swamp  where  a  suitable 
memorial  stone  marks  his  grave.  The  text  at  his  funeral  was 
Heb.  XIII,  17. 

We  have  in  our  possession 

The  Church  Records 
kept  by  Mr.  Dalliker.     They  are  very  meagre,  however,  being 
not  much  more  than  a  list  of  baptisms  and  confirmations.     The 
following  is  a  translation  of  the  first  record  made  : 

"  Names  of  elders  and  deacons  of  German  Valley  congrega- 
tion, 1769. 

Wm.  Welsch,  Caspar  Eick,  Conrad  Rorick,  Diedrich  Strubel. 
Officers  elected  in  the  year  1777,  instead  of  those  above  : 
Morris  Scharpenstein,  Jacob  Heil,  Peter  Heil,  Jacob  Schuler." 
After  this  we  have  a  "  list  of  those  instructed  in  regard  to 
the  Holy  Communion  and  confirmed."    To  understand  this  lan- 
guage, we  must  recollect  that  in  those  days,  no  person  was 
admitted  to  the  communion,  without  previously  going  to  the 
minister  to  be  taught  by  him  privately,  with  respect  to  the 
doctrines  and  duties  of  religion.     And  all  the  church  members 
were  catechised  before  every  communion.    This  list,  as  it  ap- 
pears on  the  church  record,  is  divided  into  four  parts  :     First 
— Single  men.     Second — Married  men.     Third — Single  women. 
Fourth — Married  women. 

For  the  year  1769,  there  are  fourteen  young  men,  three 
married  men,  twenty-five  single  women,  and  three  married 
women — forty-six  in  all.  After  this,  in  the  course  of  the  twelve 
years  of  Mr.  Dalliker's  pastorate,  there  were  eighty-five  added 
to  the  communion  of  the  church.  Among  these  names,  are  a 
number  not  now  found  among  us,  but  others  are  very  familiar. 
The  list  of  baptisms  by  Mr.  Dalliker  commences  with  the 
year  1768.  Among  them  all,  there  is  only  one  adult  baptism 
recorded  ;  all  the  rest  are  infants.  And  for  the  thirteen  years 
there  are  two  hundred  and  twelve  baptisms  recorded — an  aver- 
age of  more  than  sixteen  a  year.  In  the  year  1774,  there  were 
twenty-nine  infants  baptized,  and  the  number  was  nearly  as 
great  for  several  years.  During  the  Revolutionary  war,  there 
were  not  so  many. 

During  Mr.  Dalliker's  pastorate,  it  was  determined  to  build 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  107 

A  New  Stone  Church. 
Jt  is  probable  that  the  old  log  church  had  been  the  property 
of  both  the  Lutheran  and  the  Reformed  congregations.  At  all 
events,  the  stone  church  was  built  by  the  two  in  partnership. 
Before  building,  articles  of  agreement  were  drawn  up,  and 
signed  by  the  representatives  of  the  two  churches.  The  orig- 
inal paper  was  in  German,  and  is  not  known  to  be  in  existence 
at  the  present  day.  But  we  have  an  old  translation  of  this 
ancient  document.     This  translation  is  as  follows  : 

"  Whereas,  we  the  members  of  the  Evangelic  Reformed 
congregation,  and  we  the  members  of  the  Evangelic  Lutheran 
congregation,  who  by  reason  of  the  preachers  which  we  have 
with  Germantown,  and  by  reason  of  the  money  expended  for 
the  church  and  parsonage-house  are  members  of  Zion's 
Lutheran  Church,  living  in  the  Dutch  Valley,  Roxbury  township, 
Morris  county,  are  willing  to  build  a  meeting-house  jointly  : 

Be  it  hereby  known  to  all  men  that  the  following  conditions 
were  agreed  to  by  the  subscribers,  representing  both  congrega- 
tions, viz  : 

I.  Both  parties  have  agreed  to  build  the  meeting-house  at 
their  united  expenses,  so  that  none  of  the  parties  may  throw 
up  anything  to  the  other. 

II.  As  the  church  is  built  jointly,  so  it  shall  be  kept  up  by 
our  posterity  jointly  :  the  friendship  of  both  congregations  giv- 
ing us  hope  that  in  case  of  the  necessary  repairs  of  the  meet- 
ing-house, the  weaker  party  will  be  supported  by  the  stronger. 

III.  Both  parties,  with  respect  to  Public  Worship,  shall 
have  an  equal  right ;  in  case  both  preachers  should  meet  to- 
gether, then,  alternately,  the  one  must  wait  till  twelve  o'clock, 
upon  the  servics  of  the  other. 

IV.  For  the  good  of  both  congregations,  none  shall  be  ad- 
mitted to  preach,  but  such  as  are  under  a  regular  church  gov- 

V.  Whereas,  we  do  not  only  concern  ourselves  for  ourselves, 
but  for  our  posterity  also,  it  is  our  will  and  opinion  that  none 
of  the  parties  shall  or  can  sell  their  right,  in  any  way  or  manner. 

Acted  this  4th  day  of  February,  1774,  which  is  testified  : 

io8  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Frederick  Dellicker,  V.  D.  M.,  Henry  Muhlenberg,  Jr., 
Deputy  Rector  of  Zion's  Corporation. 

Wilhelm  Welsch,  Philip  Weise, 

Diediic  Strubel,  Christoph  Karn, 

Conrad  Rohric,  Leonard  Neighbour, 

Caspar  Eick,  Roulof  Roulofson, 


Anthony  Waldorf,  John  X  Schwachhamer, 

Adam  Lorentz,  Andrew  Flacky. 

The  above  is  a  true  copy  of  the  original  German  agreement, 
translated  by  me  the  subscriber,  this  3d  day  of  May,  1817. 

CASPAR  WACK,  V.  D.  M." 

In  the  building  of  the  house,  the  people  of  the  two  congre- 
gations turned  out  in  a  body  to  cart  stone.  It  had  been  a 
previous  agreement,  that  whoever  on  the  day  appointed,  should 
bring  the  first  load,  should  receive  the  honor  of  having  his 
horses  decorated  with  flags  and  rib oons  which  had  been  pre- 
pared for  the  purpose.  There  was  much  excitement  on  the 
subject,  each  one  determined,  if  possible,  to  secure  the  prize. 
Judge  David  Welsh,  who  lived  near  the  ground,  where  David 
the  Fourth  now  resides,  determined  to  try  a  little  strategy. 
Accordingly  on  the  evening  before,  he  secretly  loaded  his  wagon 
with  stone,  and  then  concealed  it  through  the  night.  In  the 
morning,  he  was  up  betimes,  had  his  horses  harnessed,  and 
started  for  the  ground  before  sunrise.  But  he  was  none  too 
early  ;  for  as  he  drove  up  to  the  spot,  he  heard  the  heavy 
wagons  thundering  down  the  mountains  on  both  sides.  And 
although  he  won  the  prize  of  the  decorations,  he  was  but  little 
in  advance  of  many  others.  And  before  he  could  get  his  stone 
unloaded,  all  German  Valley  was  on  the  ground. 

The  building  erected  was  a  very  creditable  one  for  that 
time.  It  was  of  good  size,  and  very  substantially  built,  the 
walls  after  standing  nearly  a  century,  appearing  as  strong  as 
ever.  And  from  the  present  appearance,  there  was  some 
attempt  at  elegance  in  the  finish  of  the  structure. 

That  the  interior  of  this  venerable  building  has  been  so 
despoiled  is  a  matter  for  regret.  It  ought  to  have  been  pre- 
served intact,  as  a  sacred  relic  of  a  by-gone  age.     The  pulpit 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  109 

floor  still  remains,  high  up  in  the  air,  about  the  size  of  a 
barrel-head,  with  a  great  sounding-board  suspended  above  it. 
At  first  no  provision  was  made  for  heating  the  church— our 
fathers  being  made  of  better  stuff  than  their  children,  and  not 
so  accustomed  to  study  comfort.  After  a  time  a  little  "  ten- 
plate"  stove  was  introduced,  but  as  this  was  found  to  be  of 
little  use,  a  pit  was  made  in  the  centre  of  the  building,  in  which, 
without  any  chimney,  a  mass  of  charcoal  was  burned.'  The  old 
people  say  that  this  did  not  warm  the  house,  but  it  did  make 
many  of  the  people  sick,  and  it  was  a  common  thing  for  people 
to  be  carried  out  of  church.  The  remains  of  this  old  charcoal 
pit  may  still  be  seen  in  the  building. 

It  would  be  an  interesting  thing  if  we  could  have  a  photo- 
graph of  the  congregation  to  which  Mr.  Dalliker  preached  in 
the  new  church.  There  were  no  dainty  little  loves  of  bonnets 
to  catch  the  admiring  eye  ;  neither  was  there  a  bewitching 
jockey  hat  and  feather  to  drive  the  young  men  to  distraction. 
The  dresses  were  not  cut  according  to  the  pattern  of  Harper's 
Bazar,  or  Godey's  Lady's  Book,  but  all  was  plainest  homespun, 
made  up  in  the  plainest  style.  The  men  generally  wore  no 
coats,  and  a  goodly  number  were  barefooted.  The  whole  as- 
pect of  the  congregation  was  such  as  would  surprise  us  in  these 
days.  There  can  be  no  doubt  but  that  you  are  a  better  looking 
people  than  your  fathers. 

In  the  year  1782,  Mr.  Dalliker  left  the  Valley,  and  removed 
to  Goshenhoppen,  Pennsylvania.  He  died  January  15th,  1799, 
at  the  age  of  sixty  years,  ten  months  and  seventeen  days.  He 
was  buried  in  the  German  Reformed  graveyard  of  Faulkner 
Swamp.  His  descendants  are  still  living  in  the  Valley,  and  at 
other  points  adjacent. 

Mr.  Dalliker's  successor  as  pastor  of  the  Valley  Church  was 

Rev.  Caspar  Wack, 
with  regard  to  whose  life  we  have  a  somewhat  detailed 
account.  He  was  the  son  of  John  George  Wack,  a  native 
of  Wittenberg,  in  Germany,  who  came  to  this  country  and 
settled  in  Philadelphia  in  the  autumn  of  1748.  Soon  after- 
ward he  was  married  to  Elizabeth  Schuyler.     He  was  a  shoe- 

no  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

maker  by  trade  ;  a  highly  respectable  man  and  an  elder  in  the 
church  on  Race  street,  Philadelphia.  He  had  four  children  : 
Caspar,  John  Jacob,  Barbara  and  Elizabeth.  Caspar  was  born 
August  15th,  1752.  When  a  boy  he  gave  evidence  of  consid- 
erable mental  ability.  His  pastor,  Dr.  Weyberg,  became  inter- 
ested in  him  as  a  promising  lad,  took  him  into  his  family  and 
educated  him.  In  his  seventeenth  year  he  was  sent  to  the 
vacant  church  at  Lancaster  to  act  as  catechist.  A  few  months 
afterward  he  preached  publicly  to  the  congregations  of  Tohic- 
ken,  Indianfield  and  Great  Swamp.  These  congregations  were 
so  much  pleased  with  the  young  preacher  that  they  sent  a  call 
to  the  Coetus  for  his  regular  services  as  their  pastor.  This  was 
in  1 77 1.  According  to  the  minutes  of  the  Coetus,  "  Mr.  Wack 
was  examined  in  the  truths  of  God's  word,  and  as  to  the  way 
of  salvation  ;  and,  having  rendered  full  satisfaction  to  the 
Reverend  Coetus,  it  was  agreed  and  resolved  that  he  should 
continue  to  catechise  and  preach  in  these  congregations  as 
heretofore  ;  his  ordination,  however,  shall  be  deferred  for  the 
present,  till  the  Reverend  Fathers,  Synods  of  Holland,  have 
been  consulted  in  regard  to  the  matter,  and  what  they  shall 
advise  shall  hereafter  be  done  in  regard  to  Mr.  Wack."  The 
precise  date  of  Mr.  Wack's  ordination  is  unknown.  It  probably 
took  place  as  soon  as  permission  was  received  from  the  Synods 
of  Holland.  He  was  the  first  young  man  born  in  America  who 
entered  the  ministry  of  the  German  Reformed  Church,  and  he 
was  the  first  man  ever  ordained  by  that  church  in  this  coun- 
try. Shortly  after  his  ordination  he  received  an  invitation  to 
visit  Europe,  with  the  promise  of  having  his  expenses  paid  and 
a  handsome  present  beside.  But,  out  of  respect  for  the  wishes 
of  his  parents,  he  declined  the  temping  offer  and  went  on  with 
his  ministerial  labor.  His  charge  was  an  extensive  one,  em- 
bracing a  large  part  of  Montgomery,  Bucks  and  Northampton 

Not  long  after  his  ordination  he  was  married  to  Barbara 
Leidy,  of  Franconia  township,  Montgomery  county.  He  con- 
tinued in  this  Pennsylvania  charge  till  1782,  when  he  was  called 
to  the  churches  of  German  Valley,  Rockaway  and  Fox  Hill. 
This  call  he  declined  ;  but,  on  its  being  sent  to  him  the  second 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  hi 

time,  he  accepted  it,  and  soon  afterward  removed  to  the  Valley. 
Beside  preaching  in  these  churches,  as  pastor,  he  also  supplied 
the  congregations  at  Stillwater,  Knowlton  and  Sussex  Court 
House.  A  truly  extensive  charge  !  If  your  minister  should  be 
heard  to  complain  of  the  length  of  the  drive  to  the  Lower 
Valley,  it  might  not  be  improper  to  remind  him  of  Caspar 

Preaching  in  English. 

When  Mr.  Wack  first  came  to  the  Valley  the  preaching 
was  all  in  German,  but,  in  course  of  time,  as  the  English  came 
gradually  to  be  the  language  of  the  majority  of  the  congrega- 
tion, he  adopted  it  in  his  pulpit  ministrations  ;  and  toward  the 
latter  part  of  his  pastorate  he  preached  only  an  occasional  ser- 
mon in  German  to  please  the  old  people.  As  to  the  character 
of  Mr.  Wack's  English  in  his  earlier  days,  we  may  get  an  idea 
from  a  story  that  is  told  of  a  certain  army  officer,  who  happened 
on  one  occasion  to  be  in  the  neighborhood  where  Mr.  Wack 
was  to  preach.  Having  understood  that  Mr.  Wack  was  a  Ger- 
man, he  went  to  church  to  hear  how  a  German  sermon  would 
sound.  On  his  return  he  expressed  himself  as  very  much 
pleased.  He  "  never  knew  before  that  German  was  so  much 
like  English."  He  "could  understand  a  great  deal  of  what 
Mr.  Wack  said."  It  so  happened  that  Mr.  Wack's  sermon  on 
that  day  was  in  English  ;  or  at  least  he  meant  it  for  English. 
In  later  years  Mr.  Wack  came  to  understand  English  better, 
although  he  always  had  a  decided  German  accent.  It  is  said 
that  there  are  some  of  his  sermons  still  in  existence,  written 
with  a  great  deal  of  care,  in  correct  English,  with  the  pronun- 
ciation of  the  words  marked  as  he  had  found  it  in  his  dictionary. 
Mr.  Wack  was  possessed  of  some  knowledge  of  music,  and 
while  in  the  Valley  he 

Taught  a  Singing  School. 

This  school  met  at  private  houses,  and  was  attended  with  no 
little  interest  by  the  young  people.  The  hymns  sung  were  in 
German.  I  am  told  by  one  who  was  present  in  this  school,  as 
a  child,  that  the  "  old  Dutch  singing  was  better  than  the 
English  singing  is  now-a-days."     It  was  generally  in  the  fugue 

ii2  Earl  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

style — the  various  parts  chasing  each  other  about  like  snow- 
flakes  in  a  high  wind. 

In  addition  to  his  ministerial  labors,  Mr.  Wack  carried  on  a 
farm.  His  farm  embraced  that  now  [1870]  owned  by  Mr.  John 
Swackhammer,  together  with  that  of  Mr.  Andrew  Creger.  He 
lived  on  the  spot  where  Mr.  Swackhammer's  house  now  stands. 
Beside  the  farm,  he  made  use  of  the  water  power  which  he  had 
on  his  place,  to  drive  an  oil-mill  and  a  fulling-mill.  With  all 
these  irons  in  the  fire,  he  yet  made  money,  amassing  a  consid- 
erable property  while  in  the  Valley. 

As  may  be  conjectured  from  the  number  and  diversified 
character  of  his  employments,  and  from  his  general  success  he 
was  a  man  of  no  little  activity,  both  bodily  and  mental.  Though 
a  short  man  and  quite  stout,  he  was  very  light  on  foot,  and  he 
was  fond  of  exhibiting  his  agility.  In  those  days,  before  eight 
hour  laws  or  ten  hour  laws  were  dreamed  of,  he  used  to  be  out 
with  his  men  at  the  first  peep  of  day  ;  and  when  the  call  to 
breakfast  came,  it  was  usual  for  him  to  say,  "  Now,  boys,  a 
race  !"  and  as  tradition  has  it,  he  was  rarely  beaten.  There  are 
several  stories  told  of  the  quickness  of 

His  Wit. 

A  Universalist  preacher,  once  attempting  to  dispute  with  him, 
affirmed  that  his  doctrine  was  an  old  one — that  it  was  preached 
in  Paradise — meaning  to  claim  the  promise  of  the  seed  of  the 
woman  to  bruise  the  serpent's  head,  as  a  proof  of  the  doctrine  of 
universal  salvation.  Mr.  Wack  replied,  "  Yes,  your  doctrine  was 
preached  in  Paradise,  and  the  devil  preached  it  ;  his  text  was, Ye 
shall  not  surely  die."  At  another  time,  a  Restorationist  was 
urging  his  false  doctrine  that  after  suffering  a  certain  length  of 
time,  the  wicked  will  all  be  released.  "  If  that  be  so,"  said  Mr. 
Wack,  "I  don't  see  what  you  have  to  do  here,  where  I  am  doing 
all  I  can  to  prevent  people  from  going  to  hell  ;  your  proper  mis- 
sion is  in  hell  itself,  preaching  the  gospel  of  prospective  deliver- 
ance to  those  who  are  in  torment."  Another  story  is  told  of  him 
which  shows  that  he  was  not  backward  in  rebuking  sin.  One 
day,  while  on  one  of  his  long  journeys,  which  he  always  made 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  113 

on  horseback,  a  young  man  stopped  him  and  asked  permission 
to  ride.  "  Certainly,"  said  Mr.  Wack,  "  get  up  behind  me." 
Now  it  happened  that  this  young  man  was  one  whose  life  was 
a  great  way  from  the  teachings  of  both  law  and  gospel,  and 
when  once  seated  on  the  parson's  horse,  Mr.  Wack  gave  him 
such  an  amount  of  wholesome  admonition  that  the  young  man 
afterwards  declared  it  to  have  been  the  hardest  ride  that  he 
ever  took. 

Mr.  Wack  was  regarded  as  a  man  of  considerable  learning 
for  his  day,  and  while  in  the  Valley  he  had  several  students 
with  him  in  course  of  preparation  for  the  miristry.  Among 
these  was  his  only  brother,  John  Jacob  Wack.  After  complet- 
ing his  course  of  study  in  the  Valley,  John  Jacob  Wack  settled 
at  Amwell,  and  afterwards  removed  to  Fort  Plain  and  Stone 
Arabia,  in  New  York.  He  acted  as  chaplain  in  the  army  dur- 
ing the  war  of  181 2. 

The  ministry  of  Mr.  Wack  in  the  Valley  was  not  unsuccess- 
ful, so  far  as  gathering  members  into  the  church  is  concerned. 
During  the  twenty-seven  years  of  his  pastorate,  ninety-eight 
persons  were  confirmed  as  communicants. 

Mr.  Wack  had  one  daughter,  who  died  young,  and  nine  sons, 
who  lived  to  grow  up.  Of  these,  George  became  a  minister  and 
preached  in  Pennsylvania  ;  William  lived  in  this  Valley  and 
became  an  elder  of  the  church,  and  many  of  the  old  pastor's 
posterity  are  still  with  us. 

Mr.  Wack  left  the  Valley  in  1809,  to  take  charge  of  the 
churches  of  Whitemarsh  and  Germantown,  in  Pennsylvania. 
He  served  the  two  churches  for  twelve  years.  He  then  gave 
up  Germantown  and  served  Whitemarsh  for  two  years  longer. 
This  was  his  last  regular  charge,  though  he  supplied  some 
churches  in  Chester  county  for  several  years.  The  last  four  or 
five  years  of  his  life,  he  resided  with  his  son.  Dr.  Philip  Wack. 
He  died  at  his  son's  house,  July  19th,  1839,  lacking  only  seven 
days  of  being  eighty-seven  years  old. 

After  Mr.  Wack  left  the  Valley  the  church  was  vacant  for 
four  years.  And  not  only  was  there  no  settled  pastor,  but 
there  was  a  destitution  of  the  regular  preaching  of  the  word. 
It  was  only  now  and  then,  at  irregular  intervals  that  the  con- 

ii4  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

gregation  enjoyed  a  visit  from  a  minister.  Still  the  church  was 
held  together,  and  the  Lord's  work  went  on.  During  the  four 
years'  vacancy,  there  were  thirty-one  confirmations. 

But  yet  the  people  were  not  satisfied.  They  longed  for  the 
privilege  of  regular  worship.  And  as  from  their  remote  posi- 
tion and  other  causes,  the  German  Reformed  Synod  of  Penn- 
sylvania was  unable  to  help  them,  the  people  felt  constrained 
to  look  to  their  Presbyterian  neighbors.  And  as  their  only 
resource,  they  resolved,  as  a  body,  to  seek  admission  into  the 
communion  and  fellowship  of  the  Presbyterian  Church.  The 
Reformed  Synod  remonstrated  ;  but  the  congregation  answered 
that  their  only  reason  for  desiring  to  change  their  ecclesiastical 
connection  was  necessity — a  reason  which  is  always  satisfactory. 

So  here  endeth  the  history  of  the  German  Reformed  Church 
of  German  Valley. 

The  Presbyterian  Church  of  German  Valley. 

In  the  year  1813,  German  Valley  was  within  the  territorial 
limits  of  the  Presbytery  of  New  Brunswick.  When,  therefore, 
the  churches  of  German  Valley  and  Fox  Hill  determined  to 
enter  the  Presbyterian  connection,  they  presented  their  appli- 
cation to  the  Presbytery  of  New  Brunswick.  Their  request 
was  made  on  the  5th  of  October,  1813,  and  on  the  6th  it  was 
granted.  On  the  same  day,  October  6th,  they  presented  to  the 
Presbytery  a  call  for  the  pastoral  services  of 

Mr.  Jacob  R.  Castner, 
to  labor  in  each  of  the  churches  one-third  of  the  time.  Mr. 
Castner  was  a  native  of  Somerset  county,  brought  up  near 
Pluckamin.  He  had  been  licensed  by  the  Presbytery  of  New 
Brunswick,  at  Newton,  January  15th,  1812.  He  had  preached 
in  the  Valley  for  a  little  time  before  the  call  was  made  out,  and 
it  was  partly  on  his  account,  and  through  his  influence,  that  the 
congregation  had  decided  to  connect  themselves  with  the 

On  the  9th  of  November  Presbytery  met  in  German  Valley 
for  the  purpose  of  ordaining  and  installing  Mr.  Castner.  He 
was  first  examined  as  to  his  views  of  the  sacraments  and  church 
government.     He  then   preached  his  trial  sermon  from  John 


^W  ** 

sB                  BBBife;.  : 

fjL  .  m  -jjl 

1^^    ^^raFA 

1        ' 

S"  '  ' 

1-,  : .  y%:~     ' 

ill  ■  & 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  115 

m  :  16 — "  God  so  loved  the  world  that  he  gave  his  only  begot- 
ten Son,  that  whosoever  believeth  in  him  should  not  perish, 
but  have  everlasting  life."  These  exercises  proving  satisfac- 
tory, Presbytery  proceeded  with  the  ordination  and  installation 
services.  George  S.  Woodhull  presided,  Rob't  Finley  preached 
the  sermon,  and  David  Comfort  gave  a  charge  to  both  pastor 
and  people. 

When  Mr.  Castner  entered  upon  his  pastorate  he  found 

His  Session 

composed  of  the  following  members  :  David  Welsh,  David 
Miller,  Henry  I.  Huffman  and  William  Delliker. 

When  Mr.  Castner  came  here  the  church  consisted  of  thirty- 
seven  members,  of  whom  Mrs.  George  Neighbour  is  the  only 
one  now  living,  in  attendance  upon  the  church  ;  and,  partly  as 
a  consequence  of  the  long  vacancy,  the  state  of  religion  and 
morals  was  not  very  encouraging.  The  new  pastor,  therefore, 
set  himself  to  work  as  a  reformer  of  abuses.  Mr.  Castner  was 
admirably  fitted  for  this.  He  was  a  man  of  superior  mind, 
strong  convictions,  both  as  to  truth  and  duty,  great  persever- 
ance and  energy,  and  a  spirit  that  was  perfectly  fearless. 

Rev.  D.  X.  Junkin,  D.  D.,  says  of  him  :  "  What  virtuous 
mind  that  knew  him  did  not  love  and  admire  him  ?  Had  all 
my  hearers  known  him,  as  many  of  them  did,  my  task  were 
done  when  his  name  was  pronounced.  But  all  did  not  know 
him.  Bodily  he  was  rather  under  medium  stature  ;  but  his 
frame  was  lithe,  compact  and  firmly  knit.  Dark  hair,  a  keen 
and  penetrating  dark  eye,  acquiline  features,  a  brow  betokening 
great  powers  of  thought,  a  mouth  and  chin  indicating  great 
firmness  of  purpose  and  of  principle,  a  manner  and  gate  quick 
and  determined,  made  him  a  man  of  marked  presence.  He 
possessed  a  mind  of  decided  force  and  acuteness.  He  grasped 
a  subject  with  strength,  and  wielded  it  with  power.  He  was  a 
natural  orator  ;  and  one  of  the  best,  if  not  the  very  best, 
extempore  speakers  in  the  Presbytery  or  the  Synod.  His  read- 
iness in  this  respect  was  probably  a  hindrance  to  the  full 
development  of  his  really  great  powers.  His  very  active  and 
laborious  habits,  and  the  multitude  of  his  preachings,  led  him 

n6  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

to  rely  too  much  upon  his  extempore  powers,  and  prevented 
that  culture  in  the  study  that  would  have  made  him  one  of  the 
most  polished  and  impressive  pulpit  orators  of  his  generation. 
As  it  was,  he  was  an  able,  laborious  and  successful  minister  of 
the  Word.  An  early  and  fearless  champion  of  the  temperance 
reformation,  he  probably  did  more  for  that  cause  than  any 
man  in  the  bounds  of  the  Presbyter}7.  Once  convinced  that  a 
thing  was  right,  nothing  could  swerve  him  from  its  advocacy. 
He  was  utterly  fearless — a  man  of  unwavering  moral  courage. 
But  whilst  bold  as  a  lion  in  defending  the  right  and  denounc- 
ing the  wrong,  he  was  gentle  as  a  lamb  and  tender  as  a  woman 
in  the  intercourse  of  social  life.  A  warm-hearted  friend,  a 
sympathizing  comforter,  he  was  one  of  the  most  interesting 
conversers  I  ever  met.  A  natural  gentleman,  he  could  be  firm 
without  arrogance,  and  entertaining  without  egotism.  He  was 
almost  idolized  in  his  congregation  and  was  respected  and 
beloved  by  his  brethren  and  throughout  the  churches.  Born 
at  Liberty  Corner,  he  pursued  his  classical  studies  at  Basking  - 
ridge  and  Princeton,  and  studied  theology  under  Dr.  Finley,  of 
Baskingridge,  for  whom  he  always  cherished  great  veneration. 
German  Valley,  Fox  Hill  and  Black  River  [Chester],  were  the 
first  field  of  his  labors.  At  the  formation  of  the  Presbytery  of 
Newton  he  was  pastor  of  Mansfield,  in  which  he  was  settled  in 
182c,  and  here  he  continued  until  on  the  26th  of  April,  1848, 
when  he  was  suddenly  arrested  by  the  hand  of  death,  and  borne 
from  his  earthly  toils  to  his  heavenly  rest.  '  He  fell  with  his 
armor  on.  Long  had  he  stood  in  the  front  of  the  battle.  For 
thirty-five  years  he  fearlessly  confronted  error,  immorality  and 
worldliness,  as  an  ordained  minister  of  Jesus  Christ.  The 
effect  of  his  sudden  exit  from  us  is  as  when  a  standard  bearer 
falleth.'  " — [Discourse  at  Jubilee  Newton  Pres.~\. 

It  was  during  Mr.  Castner's  pastorate  that  the  first  Sunday 
■school  in  German  Valley  was  established.  This  important  event 
took  place  in  the  year  1816.  The  school  was  organized  in  an 
old  red  school-house,  which  stood  at  the  southeast  corner  of 
the  old  grave-yard.  Mr.  Castner  himself  acted  as  Superinten- 
dent, though  afterwards  assisted  by  David  Welsh,  the  third.  A 
very  efficient  teacher  in  the  school  was  a  Miss  Bracket,  a  New 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  117 

England  lady,  mistress  of  the  day  school.  She  was  afterwards 
Mrs.  White,  and  the  mother  of  Rev.  Dr.  White,  not  long  since 
pastor  at  Mendham.  Among  the  other  teachers  in  that  first 
school  were  Conrad  Raric,  William  and  David  Neighbour. 
They  studied  the  bible  and  the  New  England  primer.  And 
not  only  did  they  learn  the  Shorter  Catechism,  but  the  Larger 
Catechism  was  also  recited.  Library  books  and  children's 
papers  there  were  none,  but  this  lack  was,  perhaps,  not  in 
every  respect  a  loss. 

During  Mr.  Castner's  pastorate  there  was  no  very  extensive 
ingathering  of  members  at  any  one  time.  Still,  the  preaching 
of  the  word  was  blessed,  and  there  were  additions  to  the  mem- 
bership of  the  church  every  year  except  181 8.  During  the 
whole  seven  years  of  his  pastorate,  thirty-four  were  added  on 
profession  and  four  by  certificate.  In  the  winter  of  1820-21,  Mr. 
Castner  removed  to  Mansfield  (Washington,  N.  J.),  where  he 
labored  until  his  death. 

Mr.  Castner  was  succeeded  almost  immediately  by 
John  C.  Van  Dervoort. 
He  preached  here  before  he  was  licensed,  while  still  a  student 
of  theology  at  New  Brunswick.  Dr.  Campbell  complained  of 
this  to  Presbytery  as  an  irregular  proceeding,  and,  the  Pres- 
bytery sustaining  his  complaint,  it  was  brought  before  the 
Synod  ;  but  no  very  decided  action  appears  to  have  been  taken 
by  that  body.  Mr.  Van  Dervoort  was  soon  after  regularly 
ordained  and  installed  as  pastor  of  German  Valley  and  Fox 
Hill.  His  home  was  in  the  Valley — the  house  now  (1870) 
occupied  by  Mr.  John  Miller,  at  Middle  Valley.  This  house 
was  owned  by  the  two  congregations  of  German  Valley  and 
Fox  Hill,  in  partnership. 

Mr.  Van  Dervoort  was  not  remarkable  for  his  learning,  nor 
for  his  ability  as  a  sermonizer.  But  he  was  a  good  man,  with 
a  sincere  love  for  souls.  He  had  a  remarkably  fine  voice,  "  a 
smarter  voice  than  Mr.  Hutton's,"  and  showed  a  great  deal  of 
heart  in  his  preaching.  There  are  a  number  still  living  who 
remember  the  earnest,  tender  and  affectionate  manner  in  which 
he  used  to  persuade  people  to  seek  the  Saviour. 

So  far  as  the  addition  of  members  is  concerned,  Mr.  Van 

xi8  Earl  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Dervoort's  pastorate  was  a  successful  one.  In  the  year  1822 
forty-three  persons  were  added  to  the  church  at  one  communion 
season — forty-six  during  the  entire  year.  The  whole  number 
of  additions  on  examination  recorded,  from  i82i-i825,was  fifty- 
two.  Mr.  Van  Dervoort  left  here  in  1828  to  take  charge  of  the 
church  of  Basking  Ridge.     He  died  at  Ghent,  N.  Y.,  in  1850. 

The  next  pastor  was 

Mancius  Smedes  Hutton, 
who,   though   born  and  brought  up  in   the  Dutch   Reformed 
Church,  had  studied  theology  at  Princeton.     After  his  gradua- 
tion he  labored  for  a  short  time  at  Wawarsing,  N.  Y.     From 
there  he  came  to  German  Valley  in  1828. 

When  Mr.  Hutton  came  to  the  Valley  he  found  a  church 
composed  of  seventy-two  members.  During  his  pastorate 
twenty-two  were  added  on  examination  and  ten  by  certificate. 
The  first  entry  made  by  Mr.  Hutton  in  the  sessional  records  is 
the  account  of  the  nomination  by  the  session  on  February  6th, 
1829,  of  David  W.  Miller,  George  Neighbour  and  Geo.  Crater  as 

of  the  church.     They  were  all  elected  on  the  18th  of  February 
and  ordained  soon  afterwards. 

One  of  the  most  important  events  of  Mr.  Hutton's  pastorate 
was  the  building  of  the 

New  Church. 
It  came  about  in  this  way  :  A  new  congregation  had  just  been 
established  at  Clinton,  and,  as  Mr.  Hutton  had  been  preaching 
there,  greatly  to  the  edification  of  the  people,  they  called  him 
to  become  their  first  pastor.  This  call  Mr.  Hutton  was  inclined 
to  accept,  but  the  Valley  people  were  loth  to  lose  him.  There- 
upon, Mr.  Hutton  promised  the  congregation  that  if  they  would 
build  a  new  church,  he  would  decline  the  call  to  Clinton.  So, 
partly  under  the  stimulus  of  a  desire  to  retain  a  much  beloved 
pastor,  and  partly  from  a  conviction  that  a  new  house  was 
needed,  the  people  set  to  work  to  build. 

It  was  determined  that  the  new  house  should  belong  to  the 
Presbyterians  exclusively,  both  congregations  being  convinced 
that  it  was  not  advisable  te  continue  the  partnership  business 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  119 

any  longer.  The  Lutherans  accordingly  built  a  church  at  the 
same  time,  1832,  and  the  two  congregations  have  been  indepen- 
dent of  each  other  ever  since. 

In  the  building  of  the  church,  there  was  a  great  difficulty  in 
determining  the  location.  At  one  time,  it  was  decided  to  build 
on  the  hill  near  Middle  Valley,  on  the  ground  now  occupied  as 
a  cemetery.  Afterwards  a  lot  was  chosen  a  little  below  the 
present  residence  of  P.  W.  Swackhammer,  in  a  wheat  field — and 
the  unripe  wheat  was  actually  cut  off  to  clear  the  ground  for 
the  builders.  Finally,  however,  the  present  site  was  chosen, 
and  the  lot  was  given  by  Mr.  Hager  and  Mr.  Swackhammer. 
But  this  was  not  done  without  much  discussion — Mr.  Swack- 
hammer being  anxious  to  save  his  garden,  and  Mr.  Hager 
finding  it  hard  to  spare  his  favorite  pear  tree.  The  lot  question 
being  settled  at  last,  the  next  thing  was  a  plan  for  the  new 
church.  This  Mr.  Hutton  procured  from  Mr.  M.  Thompson,  a 
New  York  architect,  the  father-in-law  of  Robert  Carter,  the 
celebrated  publisher.  Such  a  thing  as  an  architect's  drawings 
had  never  been  heard  of  in  German  Valley  or  any  where  in 
this  part  of  the  world.  The  event,  however,  proved  the  wisdom 
of  Mr.  Hutton's  course  in  this  particular  ;  for  when  the  church 
was  finished  it  was  esteemed  a  marvel  for  beauty,  and  for  many 
years  it  retained  its  pre-eminence  as  the  handsomest  church  by 
far  in  this  whole  region  of  country. 

The  cost  of  the  building  was  about  three  thousand  dollars. 
This  was  raised  by  subscription.  The  largest  amount  given  by 
any  one  man  was  three  hundred  dollars,  from  Leonard  Neigh- 
bour, the  father  of  all  the  Valley  Neighbors.  Considering  the 
circumstances  of  the  times,  and  the  amount  required  for  the 
building,this  subscription  was  about  equal  to  one  of  a  thousand 
dollars  at  the  present  day.  An  example  of  liberality  which  is 
truly  admirable,  and  well  worthy  of  imitation. 

Mr.  Hutton  left  the  Valley  in  1834,  to  become  the  colleague 
of  Rev.  Dr.  Matthews,  in  the  pastorate  of  the  South  Dutch 
Church  of  New  York.  The  congregation  to  which  they  min- 
istered afterwards  divided,  one  portion  with  Dr.  Hutton  as 
pastor,  forming  the  church  on  Washington  Square.  Dr.  Hutton 
still  continues  in  this  charge,  and  has  become  one  of  the  most 

i2o  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

prominent   and  influential  ministers  in  the  denomination  to 
which  he  belongs. 

Mr.  Hutton's  successor  was 

Rev.  James  Scott, 
a  licentiate  of  the  Presbytery  of  New  York.  Mr.  Scott  was  a 
man  of  considerable  learning,  and  superior  ability  as  a  preacher. 
He  was  a  Scotchman,  and  he  had  the  Scottish  habit  of  preach- 
ing long  sermons.  But  his  sermons  were  not  mere  long  strings 
of  words  ;  there  was  solid  timber  in  them.  Some  objected  to 
his  preaching  that  he  was  always  harping  on  fore-ordination. 
And  it  is  certainly  not  a  little  remarkable  that  within  so  short 
a  space  of  time  this  church  should  have  had  two  pastors — Mr. 
Castner  and  Mr.  Scott — who  were  ultra  Calvinists.  Mr.  Scott 
seems  to  have  presented  these  doctrines  out  of  their  proper 
proportion,  and  in  such  a  manner  as  to  lead  many  to  mistake 
the  decrees  of  God  for  a  blind  fate.  A  good  old  man,  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Lutheran  Church,  remarked  that  he  "  believed  the 
Articles  of  the  Synod  of  Dort,  and  that  he  liked  to  hear  Mr. 
Hutton  preach  election,  but  that  Mr.  Scott  he  could  not  go." 

Soon  after   Mr.  Scott's  settlement  he  became  involved  in 
some  difficulties  with  respect  to  the 

Lower  Valley  Church. 
The  church  building  in  the  Lower  Valley  was  erected  in  Mr. 
Hutton's  time.  It  owed  its  origin  in  part  to  a  disappointment 
in  the  location  of  the  Presbyterian  Church.  Some  time  after- 
wards the  Presbytery  of  Raritan  organized  a  congregation  in 
the  Lower  Valley.  This  action  Mr.  Scott  opposed,  but  his 
opposition  was  ineffectual.  Thereupon  an  appeal  and  com- 
plaint was  made  to  the  Synod  by  the  session  of  the  church. 
In  advocating  this  appeal  before  Synod,  Mr.  Scott  went  into  a 
somewhat  elaborate  explanation  of  the  relative  position  of 
German  Valley  and  Schooley's  Mountain  ;  and  in  the  course  of 
his  speech  he  gave  the  Synod  to  understand  that  "  the  Valley 
does  not  extend  up  over  the  mountain."  The  Synod  sustained 
the  appeal  of  the  session,  and  although  the  Presbytery  of  Rar- 
itan never  rescinded  its  action,  the  Lower  Valley  Church  soon 
died  out. 

As  already  remarked,  the  Church  of  German  Valley,  when 

New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  iax 

it  first  became  a  Presbyterian  Church,  was  connected  with  the 
Presbytery  of  New  Brunswick.  Afterwards,  when  the  Pres- 
bytery of  Newton  was  formed,  the  Valley  Church  fell  into  the 
uew  Presbytery.  Still  later,  when  the  Raritan  Presbytery  was 
formed,  this  church  was  connected  with  it.  But  the  congrega- 
tion, not  being  pleased  with  the  action  of  Raritan  Presbytery, 
with  respect  to  the  organization  of  the  Lower  Valley  Church, 
by  a  unanimous  vote,  the  Synod  was  requested  to  transfer  the 
church  to  the  Presbytery  of  Newton.  The  transfer  was  made 
accordingly,  and  the  church  continued  in  Newton  until  1861, 
when  it  was  set  back  again  into  Raritan. 

Soon  after  Mr.  Scott  entered  upon  his  duties  here,  the  total 
membership  of  the  church  was  reported  at  sixty-seven.  Dur- 
ing the  eight  years  that  he  continued  here,  forty-six  were  added 
on  examination  and  fourteen  on  certificate.  His  Scotch  dread 
of  new  measures  and  religious  excitements,  appears  in  a  minute 
made  on  the  reception  of  seventeen  new  members  in  1843. 
'•  These,"  he  says,  "  were  the  fruit  of  a  genuine  revival  of 
religion  ;  the  session  being  well  satisfied  of  their  piety,  and  all 
of  them  having  been  exercised  for  a  considerable  period,  the 
most  two,  three  and  even  four  years." 

On  the  6th  of  October,  1839,  the  session  resolved  to  nom- 
inate Mr.  David  Neighbour  to  the  office  of  ruling  elder.  On 
the  evening  of  October  13th,  after  public  service,  Mr.  Neigh- 
bour was  elected  by  a  unanimous  vote  of  the  congregation,  and 
was  at  once  ordained.  Immediately  after  the  ordination,  the 
session  elected  Mr.  Neighbour  to  represent  the  church  at  the 
meeting  of  the  Synod  to  be  held  in  Trenton,  on  the  following 
Sunday.  So  immediately  did  Mr.  Neighbour  enter  upon  the 
responsible  duties  of  his  office.  And  from  that  day  to  this — 
with  the  exception  of  a  few  years,  during  which  he  resided 
outside  of  the  bounds  of  the  congregation — he  has  been  con- 
stantly and  actively  engaged  in  the  service  of  the  church. 
Long  may  he  live  to  bless  the  church  with  his  wise  counsels 
and  his  good  deeds  ;  by  his  faithful  discharge  of  duty,  his  gen- 
erous liberality,  and  his  earnest  devotion  to  the  cause  of  Christ, 
to  furnish  an  example  and  a  stimulus  to  a  younger  generation  ! 

There  can    be    little    doubt   but  that   in  former   years  the 

U2  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

church  had  been  making  contributions  to  benevolent  obiects. 
but  there  is  no  record  of  the  fact  before  Mr.  Scott's  day.  For 
the  year  ending  in  April,  1839,  the  church  is  reported  as  having 
raised  "  Missionary  Funds"  to  the  amount  of  $60.  Two  years 
later  $72  are  reported  as  contributed — $40  to  Foreign  Missions, 
$10  to  the  Bible  Society,  and  $22  to  the  Theological  Seminary. 
In  1842  the  session  ordered  that  hereafter  quarterly  collections 
be  taken  for  benevolent  objects,  beginning  with  the  Board  of 
Foreign  Missions,  on  the  first  Sunday  in  May. 

At  the  beginning  of  the  year  1843,  Mr.  Scott  received  a  call 
from  the  Reformed  Dutch  Church  of  Newark,  which  he  decided 
to  accept.  The  Presbyter}-  of  Newton  released  him  from  his 
charge  in  the  month  of  February.  After  he  went  to  Newark 
he  took  a  prominent  position  in  the  Dutch  Church,  and  soon 
received  the  honorary  degree  of  D.D.  He  died  in  1858,  at  the 
age  of  forty-nine  years. 

As  long  as  Mr.  Scott  continued  here  he  and  his  horse, 
"  Dack,"  had  taken  their  regular  trips  to  Fox  Hill,  good- 
humoredly  enough.  But,  whatever  the  horse  may  have  thought, 
his  master  was  convinced  that  it  was  desirable  for  both  the 
churches  that  they  should  have  separate  pastors.  Accordingly, 
just  before  Mr.  Scott  left  the  Valley,  at  his  suggestion,  the 
session  resolved  "  to  support  a  minister  for  the  future  the  en- 
tire of  his  time."  The  parsonage  at  Middle  Valley  had  been 
previously  sold,  the  money  divided  between  the  two  churches 
of  German  Valley  and  Fox  Hill,  now  Fairmount,  and  the  house 
now  owned  by  this  church  bought  and  enlarged  ;  and  from 
that  time  the  two  churches  have  had  no  other  connection  than 
that  of  friendly  neighbors. 

Mr.  Scott  was  followed  by 

Robert  G.  Vermilye, 

a  man  of  pleasant,  gentlemanly  address,  a  good  scholar  and  an 
able  preacher.  While  in  the  Valley  he  was  much  esteemed  by 
the  people  ;  but  his  stay  was  short — less  than  three  years. 
During  this  time  eight  persons  were  received  into  the  com- 
munion of  the  church  on  examination  and  five  by  certificate. 
It  was  in   Mr.  Vermilye's   time  (1844)  that  "the  new  hymn 


New  Gkrmantown  and  German  Valley  123 

book  (psalms  and  hymns)  was  introduced,  by  vote  of  session." 
After  Mr.  Vermilye  left  the  Valley,  in  1846,  he  soon  received 
the  degree  of  D.D.,  became  a  professor  in  the  East  Windsor 
Theological  Seminary,  now  at  Hartford,  and  continues  to  hold 
a  high  rank  among  the  ministers  of  the  church. 
Mr.  Vermilye's  successor  was 

James  Hall  Mason  Knox, 
a  son  of  Dr.  John  Knox,  of  New  York,  and  a  grandson  of  the 
famous  Dr.  John  Mason.  Mr.  Knox  graduated  at  New  Bruns- 
wick Seminary  in  1845,  and  came  to  the  Valley  in  1846.  He 
was  one  of  the  most  popular  and  efficient  pastors  that  the 
church  ever  had.  The  impression  which  he  made  upon  the 
congregation  was  of  a  lasting  character,  and  his  sayings  and 
doings  are  frequently  quoted  at  the  present  day. 

He  introduced,  in  1849,  a  custom  of  holding  a  monthly  con- 
cert of  prayer,  for  missions,  in  connection  with  the  Lutheran 

Through  his  influence  and  efforts  a  parochial  school  was 
started,  which,  with  a  little  aid  from  the  Board  of  Education, 
was  carried  on  for  several  years,  with  no  little  efficiency  and 
success.  And  not  a  few  of  the  men  and  women  of  the  Valley 
owe  a  great  deal  to  that  school,  and  to  its  excellent  teacher, 
Mr.  James  S.  Taylor. 

During  the  five  years  of  Mr.  Knox's  pastorate  twenty-four 
persons  were  received  into  the  communion  of  the  church  by 
examination  and  ten  by  certificate. 

Mr.  Knox  left  the  Valley  in  1851  to  take  charge  of  the 
Reformed  Dutch  Church  of  Easton,  Pa.  Two  years  later  he 
accepted  a  call  to  the  First  Presbyterian  Church  at  German- 
town,  Pa.,  where  he  continued  until  the  fall  of  1869,  when  he 
resigned  his  charge.  Like  the  other  ministers  who  had  left  the 
Valley,  Mr.  Knox  soon  received  the  Doctorate,  and  his  name 
and  fame  are  well  known  throughout  the  church. 
After  Mr.  Knox  went  away, 

Garret  Van  Artsdalen 
came  to  the  charge  of  the  church.     He  stayed  but  three  yean. 
During  this  period,  nine  persons  were  added  to  the  church  by 

124  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

certificate  and  thirty-eight  on  examination — of  these,  thirty-six 
at  a  single  communion  occasion. 
After  a  vacancy  of  about  a  year, 

Rev.  William  R.  Glenn, 

of  the  First  Presbyterian  Church  of  Tamaqua,  accepted  a  call 
to  the  German  Valley  Church.  He  entered  upon  his  labors 
here  in  the  autumn  of  1856.  Mr.  Glenn  is  a  good  preacher,  as 
all  affirm,  and  his  labors  here  were  attended  by  a  fair  measure 
of  success.  During  the  eleven  years  of  his  pastorate  nine  per- 
sons were  added  to  the  church  by  certificate  and  ninety  by 
examination.  This  is  the  largest  number  received  by  any  one 

The  pastoral  relation  between  Mr.  Glenn  and  this  church 
was  dissolved  by  the  Presbytery,  meeting  at  Clinton,  January 
13th,  186S.  Mr.  Glenn  went  to  Bloomington,  Illinois,  where  he 
is  now  laboring  with  very  encouraging  prospects. 

Rev.  Isaac  Alstyn  Blauvelt,  D.  D., 
the  present  pastor,  was  called  from  Clinton,  N.  J.,  in  the  sum- 
mer of  1868  ;  commenced  labor  on  the  1st  of  August  ;  removed 
to  the  Valley  August  20th  ;  was  installed  by  the  Presbytery  of 
Raritan,  October,  1868.  Since  that  time  the  most  noteworthy 
event  has  been  the  remodeling  and  enlarging  of  the  church. 
The  people  had  before  determined  that  this  work  must  be 
done,  and  little  urging  from  the  pastor  was  needed.  Silas 
Neighbour,  Jesse  Huffman  and  I.  Alstyne  Blauvelt  were  chosen 
to  act  as  a  Building  Committee.  Messrs.  Graham,  Elizabeth, 
N.  J.,  furnished  the  designs  for  the  improvements.  The  work 
has  been  done,  the  ladies  have  provided  the  furniture  and  bell, 
and  the  results  are  before  the  eyes  of  the  world.  This  day  we 
enter  our  new  and  beautiful  house,  full  of  hope  for  the  future. 

Recalling  the  history  of  the  past,  we  are  constrained  to 
render  grateful  praise  that  hitherto  the  Lord  hath  helped  us  ; 
and,  as  we  go  over  the  story  of  our  Father's  loving  kindness  in 
the  days  gone  by,  we  thank  God  and  take  courage. 

Mr.  Blauvelt  resigned  in  1874  to  accept  the  call  to  the  Pres- 
byterian Church  of  Roselle  where  he  is  still  laboring.  He  had 
the  degree  of  D.  D.  conferred  upon  him  in  1893  by  the  college 


New  Germantown  and  German  Valley  125 

of  New  Jersey.  Mr.  Blauvelt  was  born  at  Lamington,  N.  J., 
March  31,  1839.  He  is  the  son  of  old  Dt.  Blauvelt,  who  was 
pastor  for  so  many  years  of  the  church  of  Lamington,  Somerset 
Co.,  N.  J.,  and  who  was  recognized  in  his  day  as  a  man  of  un- 
questioned ability  and  entitled  to  all  the  influence  and  respect 
which  his  long  and  successful  ministry  had  so  well  earned  for 

Mr.  Blauvelt  graduated  from  Princeton  College  in  1857  and 
Princeton  Seminary  in  i860.  He  was  stated  supply  for  four 
years  (1860-4)  at  Plumstead,  Cream  Ridge  and  Plattsburg,  N. 
J.;  pastor  of  the  Presbyterian  Church  of  Clinton,  N.  J.,  1864-3. 

Rev.  Edward  Pavson  Linnell, 
followed  Mr.  Blauvelt  in  the  summer  of  1874.  He  had  been 
supplying  the  pulpit,  while  a  student  in  the  Seminary.  He  was 
born  on  the  t8th  of  April,  1846,  at  Granville,  Ohio,  and  was 
educated  both  at  Denison  University  at  Granville,  and  at 
Hamilton  College,  N.  Y.  He  graduated  from  Union  Seminarv, 
N.  Y.,  in  1874.  His  memory  is  connected  with  a  sad  bereave- 
ment at  the  beginning  of  his  ministry  in  the  loss  of  his  young 
wife  within  a  few  months  of  their  marriage  and  his  own  death 
at  a  time  and  under  circumstances  to  make  it  seem  doubly 
painful.  Having  resigned  from  the  pastorate  of  German  Val- 
ley on  the  9th  of  May,  1882,  he  accepted  an  appointment  to 
labor  in  Montana,  in  connection  with  the  church  at  Miles  City. 
It  was  in  the  midst  of  his  exhausting  labors  in  this  extensive 
field  that  he  was  stricken  down  at  the  early  age  of  forty  years 
on  the  23d  of  July,  1886.  He  had  been  installed  as  pastor  of 
the  Miles  City  church  on  the  8th  of  February,  1885. 

A  sermon  in  memorial  of  him  was  preached  at  German 
Valley  Sept.  5th,  1886,  by  the  Rev.  J.  F.  Brewster.  Rev.  D.  B. 
Hervey,  of  Granville,  Ohio,  says  of  him  :  "Asa  preacher  and 
brother  I  held  him  in  high  esteem.  As  a  speaker  he  attracted 
attention  in  the  early  stages  of  his  college  course.  His  voice 
possessed  an  unusual  clearness  of  tone,  and  this  connected  with 
a  distinctness  of  enunciation,  which  was  natural  to  him,  gave  a 
charm  to  his  public  address,  which  engaged  every  ear.  His 
sermons  were  always  characterized  by  richness  of  thought, 
-clearness  of  illustration  and  force  of  statement.     *     *     *     ge 


Early  Germane  or  New  Jersey 

was  devoted  body  and  soul  to  one  purpose,  and  wholly  absorbed 
in  thoughts  and  plans  for  its  accomplishment.     That  one  pur- 
pose was  the  salvation  of  souls  and  the  prosperity  of  the  church." 
Mr.  Linnell  was  followed  by  the 

Rev.  Henry  M.  Voorhees, 
who  became  the  pastor  here  in  1883  and  continued  to  serve  this 
church  until  June,  1886,  when  he  resigned  to  accept  the  call  to 
become  the  pastor  of  a  Reformed  church  in  New  York  State. 
After  preaching  in  that  place  for  several  years,  finding  the 
climate  too  severe,  at  the  advice  of  physicians,  he  removed  to  the 
Reformed  Church  of  High  Bridge,  N.  J.  He  remained  at  High 
Bridge  for  several  years  when  he  removed  to  California  on 
account  of  his  health  and  is  now  living  there  as  the  pastor  of 
a  Presbyterian  church. 

Rev.  Theodore  Frelinghuysen  Chambers, 
the  present  pastor,  came  in  the  year  1887  and  is  still  rendering 



(0X  HILL  was  originally  the  name  of  the 
whole  region  now  centering  in  German 
Valley.  It  became  the  name  at  a  later 
date  of  the  church  now  called  Fairmount. 
The  history  of  this  church  should  now 
follow.  We  condense  the  historical  dis- 
course of  Rev.  W.  O.  Ruston,  D.  D., 
preached  August  6th,  1876,  at  Fairmount.  The  church  of  Fox 
Hill  was  connected  with  the  church  of  German  Vallev  until 
1843.  Previously  to  this  date  the  same  pastors  served  both 
churches.  The  first  part  of  Rev.  Mr.  Ruston's  historical  sermon 
is  largely  omitted  since  it  treats  of  the  matters  already  pre- 
sented in  the  history  of  German  Valley. 

It  would  seem  probable  that  more  than  130  years  ago  there 
was  an  old  log  church  at  the  foot  of  the  hill,  on  the  farm  of 
Mrs.  Kate  Sutton,  now  farmed  by  Mr.  George  S.  Hoffman. 
May  it  not  be  that  it  was  in  this  church  that  Michael  Schlatter 
preached  in  July,  1747,  when  he  speaks  of  preaching  in  the 
church  of  Fox  Hill  ?  All  this  is  buried  in  deep  obscurity, 
from  which  there  seems  to  be  no  resurrection. 
The  Second  Church  Building. 
About  120  or  125  years  ago  it  was  determined  to  build  a  new 
house  for  the  service  of  the  living  God.  Ground  was  obtained 
for  this  church  on  the  hill  known  as  Fox  Hill,  then  called 
Foxenburgh — the  site  of  the  present  church.  The  name  Foxen- 
burgh  was  derived  from  the  original  owner  of  the  hill — a  man 

128  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

named  Fox.  It  seems  that  this  Fox  was  a  very  enterprising 
farmer,  introducing  a  new  and  superior  variety  of  wheat  into 
the  country.  The  people  took  such  a  fancy  to  this  brand  that 
they  would  come  to  Fox's  place  from  a  gTeat  distance  around 
to  buy  wheat.  Hence  it  began  to  be  said  they  were  going  to 
Foxenburgh — and  this  name  has  clung  to  it  ever  since.  It  may 
be  interesting  to  note  that  this  Fox  lived  on  the  farm  now 
owned  by  Mr.  J.  Van  Dervoort  Welsh,  in  an  old  log  house  in 
the  hollow  below  the  house  now  occupied  by  Mr.  Jacob  Helde- 

The  land  on  which  the  church  stands  was  given  to  the  con- 
gregation by  Jame6  Parker,  the  non-resident  owner  of  a  vast 
tract  of  country  in  this  neighborhood,  and  from  whom  the  place 
was  called  Parkersville. 

On  this  spot  a  church  was  finally  erected  and  dedicated  to 
God  Almighty.  The  exact  date  of  the  building  of  this  church 
can  not  now  be  determined,  and  we  can  only  approximate 
thereto.  It  must  have  been  built  before  1760,  as  by  the  testi- 
mony of  old  persons,  now  dead,  it  was  standing  at  that  date. 

The  old  church  must  have  been  a  curious  affair  from  all 
that  is  said  abeut  it.  Those  who  worshipped  in  it  in  their 
younger  days — and  there  are  many  yet  living — describe  it  as  a 
wooden  structure,  shingled,  not  only  on  the  roof,  but  on  the 
sides  also — it  was  a  shingle  church.  Inside  it  was  neither 
lathed  nor  plastered,  but  boarded  up.  The  floor  was  formed  of 
two-inch  plank,  not  nailed,  but  pinned  down.  The  seats  were 
the  plainest  and  most  substantial  that  could  be  made,  consisting 
simply  of  a  board  properly  supported,  and  another  board  nailed 
up  perfectly  straight  for  a  back.  The  house  was  lighted  by 
two  rows  of  windows,  and  the  shutters  consisted  of  plain  boards 
with  long  iron  bands  to  secure  them  in  position.  Galleries 
surrounded  the  church,  while  the  pulpit  was  not  placed  at  the 
end,  as  is  customary,  but  on  one  side.  This  pulpit  was  hung 
up,  as  one  who  in  youth  often  worshipped  there  has  aptly 
described  it,  "  like  a  swallow's  nest,"  and  a  large  sounding- 
board  held  up  by  a  rod  of  iron  formed  a  fitting  cover  for  the 
"Dominie."  The  women  used  to  bring  their  little  foot-stoves 
with  them,  and  stopping  at  some  friend's  house  near  the  church 

Fairmount  Presbyterian  Church  129 

would  light  a  charcoal  fire,  and  so  keep  their  feet  warm  during 

The  building  of 

A  New  Church 

was  determined  on,  and  finally,  in  18 16,  the  edifice  was  erected. 
This  church  was  built  on  the  site  of  the  present  one,  though  it 
was  smaller  in  dimensions  ;  galleries  were  on  three  sides. 

It  was  a  stone  church,  like  the  present  one,  and,  no  doubt, 
was  a  fine  church  for  the  day  in  which  it  was  built.  This 
building  cost  $2,850. 

In  the  following  year,  1817,  the  church  was  incorporated 
according  to  law,  and  a  board  of  trustees  elected  under  the 
corporate  name  of  "  The  President  and  Trustees  of  the  First 
Presbyterian  Church  in  Parker's  Village,  on  Fox  Hill."  Henry 
Miller  was  President.  The  church  was  now  fully  organized 
and  ready  for  work. 

Mr.  Castner  did  a  good  work  in  bringing  about  a  better 
observance  of  the  Sabbath.     Mr.  Castner  was  succeeded  by 

Rev.  John  C.  Van  Dervoort. 

Mr.  Van  Dervoort  had  not  as  yet  completed  his  education,  but 
was  still  studying  in  the  seminary  at  New  Brunswick. 

The  Presbytery  at  first  complained  against  his  course  as 
irregular  and  unpresbyterian,  but  it  finally  ordained  and  in- 
stalled him.  He  preac  ed  at  German  Valley  and  Fox  Hill, 
giving  two  Sundays  at  he  former  place  and  one  at  the  latter. 
Although  not  what  would  be  called  an  able  man,  Mr.  Van 
Dervoort  was  a  most  excellent  pastor,  reaching  by  his  tender, 
earnest  appeals  the  sinner  s  heart.  He  did  not  confine  his 
labors  to  the  Sabbath,  but  during  the  week,  at  the  log  farm- 
houses, or  wherever  he  could  gather  a  few  together,  he  would 
preach  the  glorious  gospel  of  Christ.  Thus  it  was  that  from 
house  to  house  he  proclaimed  Jesus  Christ  and  him  crucified. 
One  incident  will  exhibit  his  characteristic  zeal  and  earnest- 
ness, and  will  show  how  he  would  exhort  the  people  till  they 
were  greatly  moved.  On  one  occasion  he  took  for  his  text 
Prov.  29:  1,  "  He,  that  being  often  reproved  hardeneth  his 
neck,  shall  suddenly  be  destroyed,  and  that  without  remedy." 

130  Earl  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

In  the  course  of  his  remarks  he  said  :  "  I  have  prayed  with 
you,  I  have  urged  you,  I  have  warned  you,  I  have  done  every- 
thing to  show  you  the  danger,  and  I  have  pointed  out  the 
remedy.  What  more  can  I  do  ?  This  I  will  do  :  I  will  implore 
you  here  on  my  knees  no  longer  to  harden  your  necks" — and 
falling  on  his  knees  in  the  pulpit,  he  continued  his  sermon  in 
the  attitude  of  prayer,  producing  a  most  powerful  impression. 
After  a  very  successful  ministry,  he  left  here  in  1827  to  take 
charge  of  the  church  of  Basking  Ridge. 

In  1828 

Rev.  Mancius  Smede  Hutton 
entered  upon  his  duties  as  pastor  of  the  two  churches  of  Ger- 
man Valley  and  Fox  Hill.     At  this  time  the  elders  of  the  church 
were  Morris  Crater,  John  C.  Salter,  George  A.  Vescelius  and 
Philip  Crater. 

Mr.  Hutton  met  with  notable  success  in  his  ministrations, 
and  at  one  time  there  was  a  very  powerful  revival  in  the 
church.  The  result  of  this  special  outpouring  of  God's  Spirit 
was  the  addition  of  more  than  forty  members  to  the  church, 
and  throughout  his  pastorate  many  were  continually  added. 

Dominie  Hutton  left  here  to  accept  a  call  to  the  South 
Dutch  Church  of  New  York.  Never  has  there  been  a  pastor 
so  greatly  beloved  as  he. 

During  the  year  1835 

James  Scott 
was  installed  pastor  of  the  two  churches  that  had  so  long  been 
united  together. 

During  Mr.  Scott's  ministry  thirty-eight  were  united  to  the 
church — twenty-six  on  profession  of  faith. 

On  the  26th  of  March,  1843,  Joseph  Magee  and  John  J. 
Crater  were  ordained  elders  by  Mr.  Scott,  though  he  had 
already  been  dismissed  by  Presbytery  to  accept  a  call  to  the 
Dutch  Church  of  Newark. 

The  following  resolutions  were  passed  at  the  congregational 
meeting  which  accepted  the  resignation  of  Mr.  Scott,  February 
14th,  1843  : 

Resolved,  1st,  That  the  congregation  of  Fox  Hill  shall 
acquiesce  in  the  decision  of  Presbytery.     At  the  same  time  they 

Fairmount  Presbyterian  Church  131 

wish  Presbytery  to  understand  that  nothing  but  what  appears 
to  be  the  movement  of  Providence  could  lead  them  to  consent 
to  the  separation  of  a  union  so  blessed  to  them,  and  one  so 
universally  acceptable. 

Resolved,  2d,  That  in  accordance  with  the  recommendation 
of  our  pastor,  Mr.  Scott,  if  Presbytery  dissolve  the  relationship 
this  congregation  take  measures  to  support  the  gospel  the 
whole  of  a  minister's  time  for  the  future." 

The  church  of  Fox  Hill  now  called  as  its  first  pastor  the 
Rev.  I.  S.  Davison. 
The  effect  of  the  change  showed  itself  in  a  large  ingathering 
of  souls  into  the  church.  During  his  stay  forty-seven  persons 
were  admitted  to  church  membership,  thirty-eight  of  them 
being  on  profession  of  their  faith. 

In  March,  1846,  two  new  elders  were  elected — namely,  Fred- 
erick P.  Hoffman  and  George  H.  Lindebaury,  who  still  remain 
with  us — the  only  members  of  the  session  as  constituted  at 
that  time  now  living. 

Mr.  Davison  sought  and  obtained  a  dissolution  of  the  pas- 
toral relation  in  the  spring  of  1847.  He  still  lives,  being  a 
teacher  in  the  city  of  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.  It  is  a  very  pleasing 
thought  that  all  the  pastors  of  this  church,  since  its  indepen- 
dent existence,  except  one  (who  died  on  the  field),  still  live  to 
do  the  Master's  work. 

Mr.  Davison  was  succeeded  after  a  short  interval  by 
Rev.  Charles  M.  Oakley. 

Mr.  Oakley  last  autumn  revisited  his  former  charge.  It  was 
with  great  pleasure  that  the  older  members  of  the  church  once 
more  welcomed  their  former  pastor  after  twenty-five  years' 
absence.  He  is  a  man  of  evident  piety,  having  a  spirit  almost 
childlike  in  its  simplicity  and  faithfulness.  He  eminently 
illustrates  the  childlike  character  of  the  Christian.  Except  ye 
be  converted  and  become  as  little  children,  ye  shall  not  enter 
into  the  kingdom  of  heaven.  One  such  example  of  living 
Christianity  is  worth  a  hundred  sermons. 

Eleven  persons  joined  the  church  under  his  ministration, 
two  of  whom  were  by  certificate  from  other  churches. 

132  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Mr.  Oakley  is  still  [1876]  preaching  the  everlasting  gospel 
of  peace — supplying  at  the  present  time  the  pulpit  of  the  Pres- 
byterian Church  at  Amagansett,  Long  Island. 

Charles  Wood 

became  pastor  in  1851,  and  remained  here  till  1855.  The 
total  membership  was  eighty-one,  which  seems  to  be  about 
the  average.  Nineteen  entered  the  church  on  profession, 
and  eleven  by  certificate,  making  thirty  in  all,  showing  a  good 
degree  of  success.  Two  new  elders  were  added,  Conrad  Rarick 
in  185 1,  and  Philip  Philhower  in  1853. 

The  most  important  event  of  Mr.  Wood's  ministry  was  the 
building  of  the  present  church.  The  old  church  began  to  be 
in  such  a  dilapidated  condition  that  a  change  was  needed. 
The  contract  was  made  and  the  building  commenced  on  the 
site  of  the  old  structure.  The  present  church  is  considerably 
larger  than  the  old  one,  though  it  has  but  one  gallery7,  while 
the  other  had  three.  The  whole  cost  of  building  and  furnish- 
ing the  church  was  $3,800,  and  at  its  dedication  only  $450  re- 
mained as  a  debt  on  the  church.  The  dedication  took  place 
July  25th,  1852,  the  sermon  being  preached  by  Dr.  M.  S.  Hut- 
ton,  the  former  pastor. 

Before  the  dedication  of  the  church  it  was  determined  to 
have  a  bell  in  the  tower.  The  effort  was  made  and  the  bell 
was  obtained.  It  was  a  great  day  when  the  bell  was  hung,  and 
the  people  turned  out  far  and  near  to  lend  a  helping  hand. 
Fox  Hill  in  this  respect  was  in  advance  of  the  neighboring 
churches,  having  its  bell  before  German  Valley,  New  German- 
town  or  Lamington.  The  first  bell  in  the  neighborhood  was 
owned  by  the  Congregational  Church  of  Chester.  This  was 
many  years  ago.  The  first  time  this  bell  was  rung,  the  people 
crowded  from  all  around  to  hear,  and  some  even  went  from 
Fox  Hill  for  that  purpose,  and  these  may  remember  the  min- 
ister's coming  to  the  door  and  saying  that,  as  the  bell  was 
about  to  ring,  they  must  hold  their  horses,  lest  they  should  run 
away;  and  so  even-  man  stood  by  his  horse's  head  while  the 
sexton  rang  the  bell.  These  are  past  days,  and  with  the  past 
has  gone  much  of  the  simplicity  and  naivete"  that  characterized  it. 

Fairmount  Presbyterian  Church  133 

In  Nathaniel  B.  Klink 
the  church  again  found  a  leader.  Mr.  Klink  was  a  man  of  con- 
siderable ability,  and  during  the  four  years  of  his  pastorate 
there  was  quite  a  revival — fifteen  joining  the  church  at  one 
time.  During  his  ministry  the  church  received  twenty-six 
new  members. 

In  1856  Morris  Rarick  and  Peter  H.  Hoffman  were  elected 
elders,  neither  of  whom  now  act. 

Mr.  Klink  will  be  remembered  not  only  as  a  preacher,  but 
also  as  a  farmer.  He  was  well  trained  in  the  farmer's  life,  and 
on  the  little  parsonage  lot  he  would  raise  grain  that  all  the 
farmers  envied.  His  spring  pigs  would  weigh  in  October  250 
or  275  pounds,  and  he  had  pork  to  sell.  His  chickens  were 
wonderful  ;  and  he  would  sell  eggs  all  the  year  round.  He 
kept  two  cows,  and  the  butter  made  under  the  supervision  of 
Mrs.  Klink  was  most  excellent.  Thus  Mr.  Klink  was  a  leader, 
not  only  in  the  pulpit,  but  out  of  it  in  the  daily  toil  of  a 
farmer's  life. 

After  an  interval  of  over  a  year, 

Rev.  John  R.  Willox 

was  chosen  pastor,  and  this  choice  being  confirmed  by  Presby- 
tery, he  was  installed  in  1861.  As  Mr.  Willox  was  so  well  known 
to  those  present,  it  will  not  be  necessary  to  enter  on  any  very 
extended  narrative  of  his  pastorate.  He  remained  longer  in 
charge  than  any  minister  since  the  days  of  Caspar  Wack. 
Twelve  years  he  labored  among  you,  and  it  was  not  till  the 
Master  called  that  he  laid  down  the  charge  which  you  had 
given  him. 

Mr.  Willox  was  born  in  October,  1810.  near  Aberdeen,  Scot- 
land. He  came  to  this  country  and  taught  school  for  a  time  in 
the  Valley.  Becoming  dissatisfied  with  Presbyterian  doctrine, 
he  left  that  church  and  joined  the  Lutheran,  studying  in  the 
Lutheran  Theological  Seminary  at  Gettysburg.  His  first 
charge  was  at  Friesburg,  Salem  Co.,  N.  J.,  and  finally  he 
removed  to  Riegelsville,  Pa.,  where  he  was  very  successful  in 
his  labors,  160  being  united  to  the  church  during  his  ministry 
there.     In  1861,  having  become  convinced  that  the  Westminster 

134  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

statement  of  doctrine  contains  "  that  system  of  doctrine  taught 
in  the  Holy  Scriptures,"  he  sought  a  return  to  the  Presbyterian 
fold.  Hence  he  accepted  the  call  to  the  Presbyterian  Church 
of  Fox  Hill.  During  his  long  pastorate  of  twelve  years,  54 
persons  joined  the  church  on  profession,  and  5  by  certificate, 
making  a  total  of  59.  He  baptized  64  infants,  and  married  no 
less  than  93  couples. 

In  the  year  1869  the  church  name  was  changed  by  an  Act 
of  the  Legislature  to  the  "  First  Presbyterian  Church  of  Fair- 
mount,"  and  no  longer  can  it  be  called  Fox  Hill — that  is  a 
thing  of  the  past. 

In  this  year  Philip  P.  Hoffman  and  John  Rinehart  were 
added  to  the  board  of  elders. 

In  1870  a  fair  was  held,  the  second  made  by  this  church. 
This  fair  was  very  successful,  so  that  your  committee  were 
enabled  to  refit  the  church  and  repair  the  parsonage. 

But  the  faithful  pastor  was  never  permitted  to  worship  in 
the  church  as  renewed.  On  the  23d  of  February,  1873,  ms 
spirit  went  home  to  its  reward.  Let  me  quote  a  few  words 
from  the  funeral  discourse  of  Rev.  I.  A.  Blauvelt  :  "  During 
his  last  illness,  in  speaking  of  his  religious  life,  he  said  that  he 
had  often  felt  doubts  of  his  final  acceptance  with  God.  Since 
he  had  been  sick,  however,  and  expecting  to  die,  he  had  fresh 
disclosures  of  the  love  and  mercy  of  God  ;  '  and  now,'  said  he, 
I  have  a  full  assurance  of  hope — not  that  wild,  enthusiastic 
assurance  of  which  some  speak,  but  it  is  an  assurance  like  that 
spoken  of  by  the  Erskines  and  the  Alexanders — an  assurance 
which  rests  upon  the  complete  atonement  of  Jesus  Christ.'  And 
then  he  went  on  to  say  that  he  took  no  comfort  in  looking  over 
his  past  life  ;  that  had  been  sinful.  His  hope  all  rested  on 
Jesus  Christ,  whose  blood  cleanseth  from  all  sin.  And  he  con- 
tinued to  speak  in  this  way  through  his  entire  sickness.  He 
very  often  repeated  the  hymn, 

'  Rock  of  ages,  cleft  for  me, 
Let  me  hide  myself  in  thee.' 

The  expressions  of  entire  self-distrust  and  helpless  reliance  on 
Jesus  Christ  which  this  hymn  contains  seemed  exactly  adapted 

Fairmount  Presbyterian  Church  135 

to  his  views  and  feelings.  When  he  had  come  face  to  face  with 
death,  he  was  made  to  feel  that  Jesus  Christ  was  all." 

So  died  John  R.  Willox.  He  has  gone  to  his  rest,  and  is 
waiting  for  those  to  whom  he  so  long  ministered  to  join  him  in 
glory.  "  Blessed  are  the  dead  which  die  in  the  Lord  from 
henceforth  ;  yea,  saith  the  spirit,  that  they  may  rest  from  their 
labors  ;  and  their  works  do  follow  them." 

On  the  20th  day  of  September,  1873, 

Rev.  Frank  P.  Tompkins 
was  elected  pastor.     His  stay   was  short,  and  marked  by  no 
event  of  general  interest,  and  on  July  26th,  1874,  the  pulpit  was 
again  declared  vacant. 

During  the  next  year  the  church  was  distracted  by  a  mul- 
tiplicity of  candidates,  and  it  was  not  till  September  1st,  1875, 
that  they  were  able  to  unite.  At  that  time  a  call  was  made 
out  for  your  present  pastor, 

Rev.  William  Otis  Ruston, 
who  accepted  it,  subject  to  the  consent  of  Presbytery,  which,  at 
its  fall  meeting,  granted  the  request  of  this  congregation,  and 
your  pastor  was  installed  on  the  5  th  of  October. 

During  the  past  winter  God  has  graciously  visited  your 
community,  and  many  souls  have  been  gathered  into  his  garner. 

You  have  also  deemed  it  wise  to  adopt  the  plan  of  term 
eldership,  and  have  elected  to  the  office  of  ruling  elder  the 
following  persons  :  George  E.  Salter,  Frederick  Hoffman, 
Elias  Hockenbery  and  Peter  Hoffman,  in  addition  to  George  H. 
Lindaberry  and  Philip  P.  Hoffman  re-elected.  These  were 
ordained  and  installed  on  Sunday,  May  6th. 

There  have  been  three  churches  erected  on  this  spot — 1st, 
the  old  shingle  church  ;  2d,  the  first  stone  church,  1816  ;  3d,  the 
second  stone  church,  185 1. 

And  now,  brethren,  from  this  history  gather  courage.  The 
church  has  seen  many  a  day  of  trial  and  dismay,  'lut  "  hitherto 
hath  the  Lord  helped  us."  It  is  the  Church  of  C  irist,  and  we 
feel  assured  the  gates  of  hell  shall  not  prevail  ag;  <nst  it.  Out 
of  the  depths  God  has  again  and  again  brought  yo  ,  and  to-day 
you  are  stronger  than  ever  before.     This  is  the  old  church  con- 

136  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

secrated  by  the  memories  of  your  fathers.  Give  it  your  vener- 
ation, your  love,  your  devotion.  From  the  past  gather  strength 
for  the  future,  and  go  forward  rejoicing  always  in  the  Lord. 

Dr.  Ruston,  whose  admirable  historical  discourse  we  have 
had  to  condense,  is  now  the  pastor  of  the  First  Presbyterian 
Church  of  Dubuque,  Iowa.  He  is  also  vice-president  of  an 
institution  for  the  education  of  German  ministers  to  labor 
among  their  fellow-countrymen  in  the  West. 

Dr.  Ruston  remained  until  February,  1877,  when  he  was 
followed  by  the 

Rev.  Titus  Elwood  Davis, 
whose  pastorate  continued  for  three  years. 

Mr.  Davis  was  born  at  Flatbush,  Ulster,  Co.,  N.  Y.,  April 
15th,  1851  ;  graduated  from  Rutgers  College,  1874;  from  the 
Theological  Seminar}-  at  New  Brunswick,  1877.  He  was 
licensed  to  preach  May  23d,  1877,  and  was  ordained  and  in- 
stalled as  pastor  of  Fairmount  Church  August  12th.  1877.  He 
resigned  on  account  of  ill  health  in  1880.  Since  1890  he  has 
been  pastor  of  the  Presbyterian  Church  at  Bound  Brook.  In  a 
letter  to  the  writer  he  speaks  with  great  pleasure  of  his  minis- 
try at  Fairmount  and  still  cherishes  the  friendships  formed 
while  he  was  pastor  there.     He  was  succeeded  by  the 

Rev.  Edwin  W.  Long, 
who  began  his  ministry  September  18th,  1880,  and  resigned 
April  28th,  1884.  Mr.  Long  was  well  known  and  greatly 
respected  by  the  neighboring  congregation  of  German  Valley 
as  well  as  by  his  own  people.  He  is  now  laboring  most  ac- 
ceptably as  pastor  of  the  Green  Hill  Church,  at  Wilmington, 
Delaware.     The  church  was  vacant  for  three  years  when  the 

Rev.  John  Rutherford 
was  installed  as  pastor  May  — ,  1887,  and  resigned  February* 
1 89 1 .     Mr.  Rutherford  was  a  man  of  a  good  mind,  a  genial  dis  ■ 
position  and  an  earnest  spirit.     He  was  followed  by  the  candi- 

Tillman  S.  Rush 

June  13th,  1891.     He  resigned  12th  November,  1893. 



EBANON,  as  it  is  now  called,  is  a  village 
of  modern  origin,  but  as  the  site  of  a 
church  its  history  belongs  to  the  first 
settlement  of  New  Jersey  by  the  Ger- 
mans. Before  the  old  church  was  built 
in  the  old  graveyard,  there  was  a  build- 
ing erected  in  Potterstown  near  by,  which 
was  dedicated  on  Saturday,  September  nth,  1731,  by  Rev.  W. 
C.  Berkenmeier,  pastor  of  the  Dutch  Lutheran  Church  of  New 
York.  But  we  can  carry  the  history  of  this  place  still  farther 
back.  For  there  is  a  strong  probability  that  the  first  German 
Lutheran  service,  of  which  we  have  any  record,  was  held  on 
the  site  of  this  church  on  the  first  of  August,  17 14.  For  we 
find  that  at  that  date  a  son  of  John  Peter  Appelman  was 
baptised  "  at  the  house  of  Ari  de  Guinea  on  the  Raritans,  at 
our  Christian  Lutheran  gathering."  This  was  the  record  en- 
tered by  Rev.  Justus  Falckner  in  the  church  book  of  the  First 
Lutheran  Church  of  New  York  City.  Now  we  learn  that  the 
plantation,  or  which  the  church  at  Potterstown  was  situated, 
was  sold  to  Matthias  Sharfenstein  on  the  29th  of  July,  1741,  by 
Aree  Vangenee  [the  same  as  Ari  de  Guinea];  and  by  Matthias 
Scharfenstein's  heirs  was  sold  to  Cornelius  Wyckoff  on  the  nth 
of  May,  1 76 1.  The  words  of  special  interest  in  the  deed  are, 
"  containing  about  132  acres,  be  it  the  same  more  or  less,  ex- 
cepting always  forth  of  the  same,  a  small  lot  formerly  conveyed 
to  William  M.  Kinney  [McKinney?],  and  one  other  where  the 

138  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Lutheran  meeting  house  is  built,  both  of  them  containing  about 
one  acre  and  half  a  quarter  of  an  acre." 

This  farm  was  located  by  the  late  Judge  Thompson,  of 
Readington,  who  had  surveyed  formerly  all  through  that 
vicinity,  in  Potterstown,  placing  the  church  on  the  site  of  the 
former  tavern  building.  The  only  ground  for  doubt  is  the 
statement  that  Ari  Vangenee  bought  the  farm  in  question  on 
the  3d  or  4th  of  April,  1730,  from  Benjamin  Rounseval.  This 
may  mean  simply  that  he  got  his  deed  at  that  date.  At  all 
events,  however  it  may  be  with  the  church  service  held  in 
1 7 14,  there  is  no  doubt  at  all  about  the  service  there  in  1731. 
There  was  a  church  at  the  same  time  near  Pluckamin  devoted 
to  German  Lutheran  and  probably  also,  if  preachers  could  be 
found,  to  German  Reformed  service.  Of  course  the  church  at 
Lebanon  was  the  successor  of  this  church  at  Potterstown.  It 
is  most  probable  that  this  church  building,  east  of  Lebanon, 
was  used  by  Rev.  John  Conrad  Wirtz  during  his  pastorate  from 

As  the  two  churches  at  German  Valley  and  Fairmount  were 
built  1 761,  to  take  the  place  of  the  one  building  which  was 
between  these  places  on  the  "'Aunt  Katie  Sutton  farm,"  so  it 
seems  probable,  that,  as  a  result  of  Mr.  Wirtz's  labors,  a  church 
was  erected  near  its  present  site  at  Lebanon  at  the  same  time. 

The  visits  of  Rev.  Michael  Schlatter,  from  1747  to  1750,  to 
this  place,  then  called  Rockaway,  have  been  already  narrated. 

The  congregation  was  taken  under  the  care  of  the  Presby- 
tery of  New  Brunswick.  In  doing  which  measures  were  taken 
by  the  Presbytery  to  avoid  giving  offense  to  the  Dutch 
Reformed  body.  Werts  was  taken  up  as  a  probationer  on 
Sept.  3d,  1 75 1,  and  having  received  a  call  from  the  congrega- 
tion of  Rockaway  in  Lebanon  township,  on  the  9th  of  May, 
1752,  he  was  ordained  as  their  pastor  on  the  5th  of  June,  1752. 
It  is  not  at  all  unlikely  that  Werts  had  been  laboring  among 
the  Gerruan  Reformed  churches  of  New  Jersey  for  several 
years  before  1751. 

The  history  of  Lebanon  church  belongs  to  that  of  German 
Valley,  Stillwater,  Alexandria  and  Amwell,  as  these  churches 

The  Reformed  Church  of  Lebanon  139 

were  all  served  by  the  same  ministers  most  of  the  time.     We 
may  add  to  these  "Sussex  Court  House." 

Caspar  Michael  Stapel, 
who  lived  in  Amwell  township  and  served  the  German 
Reformed  church  near  what  is  now  Ringoes,  probably  also 
preached  in  Lebanon.  He  was  succeeded  by  Frederick  Dal- 
licker  and  he  by  Caspar  Wack.  The  history  of  these  minis- 
ters is  given  in  connection  with  the  history  of  German  Valley. 

In  June,  1788,  the  High  Dutch  Reformed  congregation  in 
Lebanon  township  was  incorporated.  The  officers  mentioned 
in  the  act  of  incorporation  (on  record  at  Trenton),  were  Peter 
Aller,  Jacob  Gearhart,  Peter  Young,  Peter  Henry,  George 
Gearhart,  Hans  Peter  Apgar. 

The  modern  history  of  the  church  or  the  period  when  the 
preaching  was  altogether  in  English,  began  with  the  pastorate  of 

Rev.  Jacob  I.  Shultz, 
who  according  to  his  own  record  in  the  church  book,  accepted 
a  call  from  the  United  Congregations  of  Rockaway  and  Rock- 
away  in  Lebanon,  September  29th,  1816,  and  was  ordained  and 
installed  their  pastor  on  November  26th,  1816. 

The  last  record  of  baptisms  by  Rev.  Caspar  Wack  is  made 
in  the  handwriting  of  Mr.  Shultz.  They  occurred  on  May  27, 
1816.  During  his  sixteen  [or  eighteen  ?]  years  pastorate  he 
baptised  334  children  and  adults.  This  is  a  remarkable  show- 
ing and  would  seem  to  indicate  either  a  very  large  field  of  labor 
or  a  larger  birth-rate  than  is  the  case  to-day.  Mr.  Shultz  was 
succeeded  by  the 

Rev.  Charles  P.  Wack, 
whose  record  of  baptisms  begins  July,   1835.     From  this  date 
until  July  12th,  1840,  only  73  baptisms  are  recorded.     The  last 
baptism  performed  by  Mr.  Shultz  was  on  April  25th,  1835. 

In  Mr.  Wack's  place  came  the 

Rev.  Robert  Van  Amburgh, 
who  was  twice  called  to  be  pastor  of  the  Lebanon  church,  in 
1740  and  again  in  1753,  after  he  had  been  away  for  five  years. 
Mr.  Van  Amburgh  was  born  January  9th,  1809,  near  Pough- 
keepsie,  N.  Y.  He  was  engaged  in  work  on  a  farm  until  he 
was  twenty  years  of  age,  when  he  was  converted  and  decided 

i4°  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

to  study  for  the  ministry.  He  graduated  from  Rutgers  Col- 
lege in  1837  and  from  the  Theological  Seminary  in  the  same 
city  in  1840.  His  first  charge  was  at  Lebanon,  where  he  was 
the  means  of  increasing  the  size  of  the  congregation  and  where 
he  was  abundant  in  labors  over  a  field  of  labor  eight  or  ten 
miles  square.  He  resigned  from  this  charge  in  August,  1847, 
but  was  called  a  second  time  by  this  congregation  to  be  their 
pastor  in  August,  1853,  when  almost  immediately  the  old  brick 
church  gave  place  to  a  new,  convenient  and  elegant  frame 
structure.  During  the  interval  between  his  two  terms  of  ser- 
vice as  pastor  in  Lebanon,  Mr.  Van  Amburgh  had  been  pas- 
tor of  a  church  at  Fordham,  N.  Y.,  and  from  there  he  removed 
to  be  the  pastor  at  Hughsonville,  N.  Y.  He  also  took  charge 
in  1869  of  the  church  at  High  Bridge,  N.  J.,  which  he  had  been 
instrumental  in  organizing.  He  next  took  charge  of  the  church 
at  Lower  German  Valley,  and  afterwards  of  the  church  of 
Annandale,  also  organized  under  his  auspices.  Here  he  re- 
mained pastor  until  1878,  when  he  retired  from  the  active 
ministry.     He  lived  until  his  death  in  the  village  of  Lebanon. 

During  the  interval  that  separated  Mr.  Van  Amburgh's  two 
pastorates,  the  church  was  served  by  the 
Rev.  John  Steele 
for  a  period  of  five  years  from  1848  to  1853. 

The  next  pastor  was  the 

Rev.  William  B.  Van  Benschoten, 
who  came  in  the  year  1870  and  remained  until  1873. 

Rev.  Joseph  R.  Campbell 
succeeded  Mr.  Van  Benschoten  in  the  year  1873  and  remained 
for  two  years. 

Rev.  S.  W.  Roe,  D.  D., 
became  the  pastor  of  this  church  in  the  year  1875,  and  resigned 
in  the  year  1881. 

Rev.  William  E.  Davis, 
is  the  present  pastor,  and  his  ministry  in  this  field  promises  to 
continue  for  a  longer  period  than  that  of  any  of  his  predeces- 
sors. In  September,  1893,  he  celebrated  the  twelfth  year  of 
his  pastorate  there,  and  also  the  anniversary  of  the  origin  of 
the  church. 




HE  name  Long  Valley  is  by  which  Ger- 
man Valley  was  first  known,  and  by  this 
name  the  earliest  surveys  were  located. 
It  is  marked  on  the  map  by  the  course 
of  the  South  Branch  of  the  Raritan  from 
its  descent  into  the  valley  below  Flanders 
to  its  union  with  Spruce  Run  Creek  at 
Clinton.  The  village  of  High  Bridge  forms  a  convenient  ter- 
minus at  the  southern  end.  In  length  it  extends  in  a  south- 
westerly direction  for  about  eighteen  or  twenty  miles.  It  is 
situated  between  Schooley's  Mountain  on  the  west  and  Fox 

Hill  on  the  east. 


the  northernmost  town  in  the  valley,  is  a  small  hamlet  pic- 
turesquely situated,  which  was  formerly  a  scene  of  considerable 
industry  in  the  old  time  forms  of  manufacturing. 

'Burr  Montanye  in  1808  made  high  hats  from  Muskrat  skins 
and  also  from  wool.  A  bill  of  the  above  date  was  presented  to 
Jonathan  Nicholas  for  56  dollars  for  a  number  of  hats. 

John  Ayers  was  one  of  the  first  settlers.  His  house  proba- 
bly occupied  the  site  of  the  present  residence  of  David  Ayers 
Nicholas  his  grandson.  John  was  the  grandson  of  Moses  Ayers 
of  Basking  Ridge.  John  Ayers  moved  from  the  latter  place  to 
Mendham,  and  from  there  to  Flanders,  where  he  bought   19 

i43  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

acres  in  1763.     This  land  includes  a  large  part  of  the  present 

The  first  school  house  was  a  log  building  and  stood  on  the 
site  of  Mr.  D.  A.  Nicholas  store.  The  present  school  building 
is  the  second  on  the  same  lot,  which  was  bought  in  1805. 

Jonathan  Nicholas  was  another  of  the  early  settlers.  He 
came  from  Wales  with  a  brother,  who  died  during  the  Revolu- 
tionary war.  His  son  Rhece,  the  father  of  David  A.,  married 
Elisabeth,  the  daughter  of  John  Ayers. 

William  Bell,  Matthias  Luse,  Daniel  Barber,  William  Monroe 
and  Paul  Drake,  a  blacksmith,  were  also  landowners  here  at  a 
very  early  date. 

The  land  on  which  the  village  is  situated  was  part  of  the 
Breeches  tract,  563  acres  of  which  were  sold  to  Jabesh  Heaton 
by  William  Allen  in  1770. 

There  are  in  the  village  three  general  stores,  kept  by  Floyd 
Woodhull,  Rev.  Daniel  E.  Frambes  and  the  one  lately  carried 
on  by  David  A.  Nicholas.  A  grist  mill  and  blacksmith  and 
creamery  add  to  the  business  of  the  place. 

One  of  the  earliest  Methodist  Churches  in  this  State  was 
established  here  in  1788.  The  Presbyterian  Church  is  a 
daughter  of  the  Chester  congregation.  The  post  office  was 
established  in  1822,  and  from  1827  to  about  1867  it  was  in 
marge  of  Rhece  Nicholas  and  his  son  David. 

is  two  miles  south  of  Flanders.  It  contains  the  foundry  and 
machine  shop  of  Wm.  Bartley  &  Sons.  Established  in  1846, 
this  firm  have  enlarged  their  business,  until  they  are  now 
extensive  manufacturers  of  portable  saw  mills,  turbine  water 
wheels,  bark  mills  and  general  machinery. 

In  this  place  a  forge  was  started  about  70  years  ago  by 
David  Welsh,  the  fourth,  who  was  succeeded  by  Kempel  and 
he  by  Hugh  Bartley. 

The  upper  line  of  the  Budd  tract  runs  through  the  mill 
pond  in  a  course  north  twenty-six  west  across  the  valley.  This 
tract  was  taken  up  by  John  Budd  October  22d,  17 14  [Burling- 
ton Lib.  fol.  ],  and  contained  1804  acres.  This  was  sold  22 
June,    1733,  to  Wm.  Allen.     The  northernmost    farm,  of   310 

Settlers  of  Upper  German  Valley  143 

acres,  on  this  tract  was  bought  by  Dietrick  Struble,  a  mason, 
December  17th,  1770,  for  ^166  ($442.66).  This  farm  is  now 
divided  into  the  farms  belonging  to  the  John  P.  Sharp  and  the 
Decue  estates.  Dietrick  Struble  was  one  of  the  first  elders  of 
the  Reformed  church  in  the  Valley.  He  came  from  Germany 
and  arrived  at  Philadelphia  on  the  5th  of  September,  1748. 
His  wife's  name  was  Elisabeth  Catherine  and  he  had  at  least 
eleven  children,  whose  descendants  are  found  in  Sussex,  War- 
ren and  Hunterdon  counties  and  in  Pennsylvania.  He  removed 
from  the  Valley  to  Hampton  township,  Sussex  Co.,  and  is  said 
to  have  died  in  Pennsylvania  at  100  years  of  age. 

Matthias  Able  bought  the  next  farm  of  109  acres  of  Wm. 
Allen  before  1767.  This  Matthias  was  probably  a  brother  of 
MichaeL  Paul  and  Andrew,  and  a  son  of  Matthias,  who  arrived 
in  Philadelphia  from  Germany  in  1728,  Sept.  4th,  in  ship  Rose- 
tree.  This  family  is  quite  numerous  and  settled  also  at  Hack- 
lebarney  and  in  Tewksbury  township,  Hunterdon  Co.  The 
Able  farm  was  owned  in  succession  by  Jacob  Arnold,  Philip 
Darmer,  William  Welsh  and  Morris  Sharpenstein,  who  bought 
it  in  1800.     It  included  the  mill  property  at  Four  Bridges. 

Morris  Sharpenstein  bought  the  next  farm  of  361  acres  on 
the  31st  of  March,  1767,  of  Wm.  Allen  for  .£344  ($917.33),  and 
divided  it  by  will  in  1781,  between  his  two  sons  Morris  and 
Peter.  Morris  was  probably  the  oldest  son  of  Matthias,  who 
lived  at  Potterstown,  Tewksbury  township,  Hunterdon  Co.  He 
may  have  been  a  nephew  of  the  first  John  Peter  Sharpenstein, 
who  lived  near  German  Valley. 

Anthony  Waldorf  bought  the  258  acres  between  Sharp 
and  the  road  crossing  the  valley  at  Naughright.  Anthony, 
grandson  of  the  first  Anthony,  was  the  last  who  owned  the 
whole  farm,  which  was  divided  in  1808  among  his  children. 

This  family  probably  came  from  the  town  of  Waldorf, 
whence  the  well  known  family  of  Astors  originated.  Anthony 
had  six  children,  John,  Martin,  George.  Anna,  Margaret  and 
Gertrude,  the  wife  of  Adam  Rhinehart.  They  have  disap- 
peared from  this  vicinity.  This  property  was  sold  out  in  parts 
to  Abraham  Sharp,  whose  descendant,  Frederick  Sharp,  now 
owns  the  larger  part  of  it. 

144  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Conrad  Rarick  bought  150  acres  in  1773  of  William  Hew- 
lings  on  the  western  side  of  the  valley  next  to  the  Budd  tract. 
This  farm  was  part  of  294  acres,  surveyed  to  Daniel  Smith,  of 
Burlington,  in  1754.  Of  the  rest  of  this  tract  George,  Joseph 
and  Jacob  Meyers  appear  to  have  been  the  owners.  At  any 
rate  George  sold  33  66-100  to  Morris  Alpock,  May  7th,  1808  and 
118  to  William  Rarick  in  181 1. 

This  tract  was  surveyed  to  Daniel  Smith  [Burlington  Lib. 
S,  fol.  217],  June  10th,  1754,  and  sold  to  William  Hewlings 
February  23d,  1755. 

Conrad  was  the  ancestor  of  all  the  Raricks  who  settled  in 
this  vicinity.  He  arrived  at  Philadelphia  probably  from 
Erbach,  Wittenberg,  October  8th,  1744,  with  Johannes  Hend- 
rick.,  who  may  have  been  his  father  or  brother.  The  latter 
appears  on  the  court  records  of  this  county  in  1753.  He  was 
one  of  the  first  elders  of  the  Reformed  church  and  sometimes 
read  sermons  in  the  absence  of  a  minister.  His  eldest  son 
Henry  removed  to  Northern  New  York  State  and  his  other 
sons  Conrad,  John  and  William  remained  in  New  Jersey. 
Conrad  also  bought,  May  28,  1767,  lot  No.  9  of  the  Boynton 
tract  containing  143  acres. 


Christopher  Kern  received  in  1766,  Dec.  16,  the  deed  for 
490  acres  on  which  Naughright  village  now  stands.  He  had 
settled  upon  the  land  some  years  previously.  He  paid  ^466 
($1,242)  to  Wm.  Allen  for  the  land.  [Trenton  Lib.  A  F,  fol. 
81].  The  Kern  family  is  scattered  throughout  northwestern 
New  Jersey  and  Canada.  It  is  supposed  that  Christopher's 
father  Jacob  came  to  Philadelphia  from  Germany  in  1739  in 
the  "Jamaica  Galley."  It  is  claimed  that  considerable  prop- 
erty is  awaiting  the  heirs  of  John  Jacob  in  the  old  country. 
The  Kern  property  included  what  are  now  the  farms  of  Elias 
Buchanan,  John  T.  and  John  D.  Naughright. 

The  village  of  Naughright  contains  a  grist  mill  now  turned 
into  a  felt  factory,  a  store  and  a  blacksmith  shop.  It  was 
formerly  a  place  of  very  busy  activity,  a  large  busiuess  in 
wagon  making  being  carried  on  by  the  late  John  Naughright. 
A  creamery  is  situated  about  a  mile  north  of  the  village,  owned 


Settlers  of  Upper  German  Valley  145 

until  lately  by  the  Hon.  Wm.  Naughright.  Iron  mines  were 
opened  on  the  mountain  west  of  the  village  by  the  late  Theo. 
Naughright,  but  proved  unremunerative. 

A  Union  Chapel  was  erected  a  few  years  since  above  the 
school  house  and  religious  service  and  a  Sabbath  school  are 
regularly  maintained.  William  S.  Fisher  is  the  Superintendent 
of  the  latter.  The  store  belongs  to  George  Swackhamer,  of 
German  Valley.  Mr.  Axford,  a  veterinary  surgeon,  owns  the 
blacksmith  shop  and  Hamley  and  Batson  carry  on  the  felt 

Herman  Bitzer  occupied  the  last  farm  on  the  Budd  or 
Allen  tract  as  early  as  1750  and  until  it  was  purchased  by  John 
Peter  Scharpenstein.  Nothing  is  known  of  the  Bitzer  family, 
except  that  the  name  occurs  among  the  settlers  at  Annsburg, 
near  Rhinebeck,  in  1711.  This  farm  of  455  acres  included  the 
farms  of  Willard  Apgar,  the  Wyckoff  and  Lambert  Sharp 
place,  and  perhaps  the  Henry  Wise,  the  Baldwin  and  Lance 

Frederick  Sovereign  bought  May  10,  1768,  part  of  the 
Ebenezer  Large  survey  or  240  acres  for  ^125  ($333).  This 
survey  joins  the  Budd  tract  on  the  west.  This  land,  240 
acres,  was  sold  by  Sovereign  on  May  21st,  1801,  to  Garret  Lake 
for  $2,400.  The  name  Sovereign  was  originally  spelled,  as 
signed  to  the  deed  to  Garret  Lake  in  German  hand-writing, 
Friedrick  Zofrin.  Frederick  may  have  been  the  son  of 
Johannes  Soeffrens,  who  landed  at  Philadelphia  19th  September 
1734.  He  had  probably  ten  children,  of  whom  one,  David, 
bought  a  farm  on  the  Robins'  tract  north  of  his  fathers,  and 
another,  Frederick,  removed  to  Sussex  Co.  The  Sovereens  of 
Pottersville,  engaged  in  the  iron  furnace  there  are  of  this 
family.  Some  of  the  children  of  the  second  generation  removed 
to  New  York  State. 

Garret  Lake  was  the  first  of  the  name  in  Morris  Co.  His 
descendants  still  live  on  the  original  property.  Silvester  Lake 
owns  the  original  homestead.  Garret  was  a  Quaker,  and  came 
from  Hunterdon  Co.  He  was  the  son  of  Garret,  who  died 
1 78 1  in  Am  well  township,  and  the  grandson  of  Thomas,  who 
died  1765.     The  Rev.  John  W.  Lake  is  a  grandson  of  Garret. 



German  Valley. 

HJR  own  village  of  German  Valley  is  sit- 
i3i£5.  t\  uated  on  tne  Logan  tract  of  1,666  2-3 
«*  B^kIShk!  ll  acres,  surveyed  to  James  Logan  on  the 
1 2th  of  Ma}%  1 7 13  [Burlington,  Lib.  B, 
fol.  118,  and  Lib.  E,  fol.  154],  and  sold  by 
^^"*.  ^j^  d&f^s  James  to  his  son  William  on  the  9th  of 
^^5>!^fej^4*^^SJ/  July,  1743.  It  was  resurveyed  20th  June, 
1749,  and  found  to  contain  1,813  acres.  This  tract  was  all 
bought  by,  or  at  least  the  deeds  were  given  at  about  the  same 
time,  1749,  to  six  purchasers,  John  Peter  Scharpenstein,  Philip 
Weise,  Tunis  (Anthony)  Trimmer,  William  Welsch,  Leonard 
Neighbor  and  Matthias  Trimmer. 

The  oldest  part  of  the  village  is  the  grist  mill,  which  was 
first  run  by  Philip  Weise,  as  early  at  least  as  1767.  In  1791  the 
mill  belonged  to  Nitser  and  Welsh.  Of  the  houses  still  stand- 
ing, the  residence  of  Richard  Schoenheit,  called  the  Old  Fort, 
F.  D.  Stephens  house  and  the  Hagar  Weise  residence,  are  the 
oldest  and  were  probably  built  about  1774.  The  old  Kager 
house  is  probably  as  old  as  the  above. 

William  Nitser  was  the  first  tavern  keeper  and  he  was  fol- 
lowed by  Jacob  Drake,  Jr.,  1800-4  ;  Lambert  Boeman,  1805-9  ! 
David  Welsh,  Jr.,  1810  ;  Joseph  Miller,  1811-13  ;  Azal  Coleman, 
1814-16  ;  Philip  Crater,  1816-18  ;  William  W.  Willett,  Archibald 
Sickley,   James   Fisher,  Will.  D.   Lusk,    David  Crater,  Philip 

Settlers  of  German  Valley  147 

Crater,  James  R.  Denniston,  John  McCarters,  Will.  Goodwin, 
George  Crater,  Augustus  Mettler  and  Nelson  Hyde. 

The  grist-mill,  referred  to  above,  has  been  recently  furnished 
with  new  process  machinery,  and  is  now  owned  and  run  by 
Isaac  W.  Dorland.  M.  T.  Welsh  carries  on  an  extensive  lumber 
and  coal  business  ;  and  the  stone  quarries  of  Mr.  Bartles  and 
Mr.  Schoenheit,  the  latter  leased  by  Lyman  Kice,  are  found  to 
meet  an  increasing  demand  for  superior  building  stone.  John 
Todd  is  the  blacksmith. 

John  Peter  Nitser,  the  first  storekeeper,  was  succeeded  by 
William  Nitser  and  he  by  Lawrence  Hager. 

The  present  stores  are  kept  by  George  Swackhamer,  in  the 
building  erected  by  Samuel  Welsh  ;  by  Jesse  Weise,  as  the 
successor  of  Hagar  Weise  and  his  son  Edward  ;  by  Lyman 
Kice,  succeeding  his  father-in-law  Morris  Naughright.  The 
F.  D.  Stephens  Co.,  agents  for  the  Florida  steam  heaters  and 
engaged  in  the  tin-ware  and  stove  business,  carry  on  an  exten- 
sive business.  Also  the  Allen  and  Van  Nest  Steam  Heating 
Co.,  have  their  headquarters  here. 

The  German  Valley  Quarterly,  formerly  The  Independent 
Quarterly,  has  been  published  here  for  twelve  years  and  has 
attained  a  circulation  of  nearly  four  thousand.  The  two 
churches,  Lutheran  and  Presbyterian,  both  date  back  150  years. 
Johannes  Peter  Scharpenstein  bought  the  first  farm  in 
the  northern  part  of  the  tract.  He  was  in  actual  possession  of 
the  210  acres,  for  which  he  paid  .£100  ($366),  when  he  received 
his  deed  in  Philadelphia  on  the  8th  of  December,  1749-  His 
farm,  like  the  others,  ran  across  the  tract  from  one  side  of  the 
valley  to  the  other.  It  is  probable  that  John  Peter  was  a 
brother  of  Matthias  Scharpenstein,  of  Potterstown,  and  there 
fore  an  uncle  of  Morris  of  the  Upper  Valley.  He  died  intestate 
in  1760.  He  had  at  least  seven  children  :  Morris,  Mary  Cath- 
erine, the  wife  of  Lawrence  Hager,  the  first ;  John  Peter,  whose 
descendants  are  all  those  of  the  name  of  Sharp  now  living  in 
this  vicinity;  Anna  Maria,  the  wife  of  William  Hann  (son  of 
William  1st);  Jacob,  who  kept  a  tavern  at  Hackettstown  ; 
George,  who  removed  to  Sussex  Co.,  near  Lafayette,  where  his 
descendants  are  still  found  ;  and  Anthony,  who  lived  for  a  time 

148  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

on  Schooley's  Mountain,  but  afterwards  moved  away. 

An  account  of  the  other  families  of  this  name,  who  lived 
near  Lebanon  and  in  Greenwich  township,  Warren  Co.,  will  be 
found  in  the  genealogies  in  Part  IT  of  this  work.  It  is  quite 
probable  that  the  Sharps,  as  the  name  is  now  spelled,  came 
from  the  vicinity  of  Rhinebeck.  If  that  should  be  found  to  be 
the  case,  then  their  origin  in  the  old  country  was  in  the  town 
of  Sassenberg,  County  New  Witt,  or  Neuwied,  and  their  arrival 
was  as  early  as  17 10.  They  are  found  in  New  Jersey  as  early 
as  1734. 

Philip  Weise  purchased  the  next  farm  of  262  acres  for  ^125 
($335),  and  was  in  actual  possession,  when  he  received  his  deed 
December  8th,  1749.  He  settled  here  probably  as  early  as 
1743,  if  not  in  1738  At  this  date  he  arrived  in  Philadelphia  on 
September  nth  in  the  ship  Robert  and  Olliver  along  with 
Leonard  Neighbor,  Stephen  and  John  Michael  Terriberry 
Philip  Dufford,  Sr.,  and  Philip  Dufford,  Jr.,  and  Heinrich 
Shenckle.  Philip  Weise  had  two  sons,  Philip  and  Jacob  and 
two  daughters,  Elisabeth,  the  wife  of  John  Hager,  and  Mar- 
garet, the  wife  of  William  Nitzer.  His  descendants  are  living 
on  the  original  property.  He  or  Philip,  Jr.,  built  the  "  Old 
Fort,"  now  Richard  Shoenheit's  stone  house,  in  1784. 

Tunis  Trimmer  bought  the  farm  next  to  Philip  Weise  of 
315  acres  for  ^150  ($400),  30th  May,  1750.  This  farm  included 
the  farms  now  occupied  by  Mrs.  Addie  Hager  and  Matthias  T. 
Welsh.  Tunis  was  the  son  of  John,  of  Hunterdon  Co.,  and  the 
brother  of  Matthias,  of  German  Valley.  He  died  1754.  His 
will  [Trenton,  Lib.  8,  fol.  77],  dated  7th  November,  probated 
21st  December,  1754,  names  wife,  Elisabeth,  and  children  : 
Paul,  the  oldest ;  Mary,  who  perhaps  married  2d  December, 
1768,  Caleb  Swayze  ;  and  Anthony.  Thomas  Faircloe,  who  was 
appointed,  Nov.  1st,  1770,  the  guardian  of  the  son  Anthony, 
may  have  married  the  widow  Elisabeth  and  not,  as  we  have 
stated  in  the  genealogy,  the  daughter  of  Tunis.  The  property 
was  bought  by  John  Hager,  one  of  the  executors  of  the  will, 
before  1759. 

Johannes  Heger  (Hager)  had  first  settled  in  Hunterdon 
Co.,  Tewksbury  township,  and  from  there  came  to  the  valley 

Settlers  of  German  Valley  149 

and  occupied  a  part  of  the  "leased  lands."  He  was  one  of 
three  brothers,  Hans  George  Hegi,  Johan  Hagea  and  Jacob 
Hagea,  who  landed  at  Philadelphia  from  the  ship  Dragon  30th 
of  September,  1732.  One  brother,  probably  George,  went  to 
New  York  State,  and  Jacob  Hauge,  or  Hager,  another  brother 
died  in  Oxford  township,  Warren  Co.,  in  1757.  The  descend- 
ants of  the  latter  probably  removed  from  the  State.  The 
Hagers,  of  Holland  township,  Hunterdon  Co.,  are  of  another 
family  and  came  from  Pennsylvania  to  this  State.  John,  of 
German  Valley,  had  a  son  Lawrence,  who  remained  in  the  val- 
ley; and  John,  who  bought  a  property  at  Drakestown,  1763,  and 
kept  a  tavern  at  the  cross  roads.  Jacob,  a  third  son,  lived  near 
Newberg,  on  the  Musconetcong ;  George  bought  330  acres  of 
land  above  Springtown  on  Schooley's  Mountain,  first  about 
1776,  then  repurchased  it  in  1796.  This  property  is  in  the  pos- 
session of  one  of  his  descendants,  Mrs.  J.  V.  Stryker.  David, 
the  youngest,  lived  for  a  time  on  the  mountain  and  then  moved 
away.  The  late  Hon.  John  Sharp  Hager,  Senator  of  the  U.  S. 
from  California,  was  a  great-grandson  of  John's  oldest  son, 
Lawrence.  His  father,  Lawrence  2d,  kept  a  store  for  many 
years  in  German  Valley  in  the  old  stone  store  recently  torn 

William  Welsh,  or  Johannes  Wilhelm  Welsch,  as  it  is  in 
the  original  German,  bought  the  farm  next  to  Tunis  Trimmer 
in  the  year  1743,  as  is  stated  in  an  old  field  book  of  Caleb 
Valentine.  But  he  did  not  get  a  deed  until  probably  the  last 
payment  was  made  on  May  30th,  1750.  He  paid  ,£122  ($325) 
for  258  acres.  On  the  8th  of  April,  1779,  he  sold  to  his  son 
David  175  acres,  part  of  which  he  had  purchased  from  John 
Hager  in  1759,  November  5th. 

William  and  Michael  Welsh  arrived  from  Germany  at  Phil- 
adelphia, 27th  September,  1741- 

Johannes  Michael  Welsch  had  a  fulling  mill  on  the  Mus- 
conetcong, near  Newberg,  in  1768,  but  nothing  further  is  known 
of  him  or  his  family.  William  married  Elisabeth,  a  daughter 
of  Leonard  Neighbor,  and  had  a  son  William,  who  became  very 
wealthy  owning  land  in  Hunterdon  and  Morris  counties.  The 
first  William  was  one  of  the  first  elders  of  the  Reformed  church. 

150  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Judge  David,  the  first,  was  another  son.  He  lived  where  Jacob 
Welsh  now  lives,  and  was  a  very  prominent  man  in  church 
and  state.  He  had  no  children.  Philip,  a  third  son,  lived  for 
a  time  on  the  Isaac  Roelofson  farm  at  Naughright  and  then 
occupied  the  old  homestead,  now  belonging  to  his  grandson  of 
the  same  name.  The  late  John  C.  Welsh,  Esq.,  was  his  grand- 
son. The  latter  was  President,  when  he  died,  of  the  Hacketts- 
town  National  B^-nk,  which  owed  its  success  very  largely  to  his 
unusual  shrewdness  and  practical  sagacity.  He  was  also  in 
other  respects  a  leading  man  in  the  community,  whose  counsel 
was  sought  by  men  from  far  and  near,  and  he  occupied  most 
efficiently  for  many  years  the  position  of  an  elder  and  leader 
in  the  Presbyterian  Church  of  his  native  place. 

Leonard  Neighbor  or  Leonhard  Nachbar,  as  the  name  was 
originally,  bought  the  fifth  farm  of  310  acres,  on  the  Logan 
tract  for  ^147  ($352)-  This  land  was  left  to  his  only  son 
Leonard  2d,  by  whom  it  was  ordered  to  be  sold  to  one  of  his 
family.  Leonard  3d  then  bought  the  farm  and  left  it  at  his 
death  to  his  two  sons,  Leonard  and  Jacob,  one  taking  the 
Arthur  Neighbor  place  and  the  other  the  Silas  Neighbor  farm. 

Leonhard,  the  emigrant,  might  be  called  the  "  Father  of 
the  Valley,"  inasmuch  as  every  Shenckel  and  every  Welsh  and 
nearly  every  Trimmer  must  trace  their  descent  up  to  him. 
For  his  three  daughters  married  respectively  the  heads  of 
these  families:  Mary  Elisabeth  married  John  William  Welsh, 
Anna  Martha  married  Matthias  Trimmer  and  Anna  Margaret 
married  Heinrich  Schenckle.  Of  the  children  of  Leonard 
Neighbor,  2d,  Nicholas  and  David  went  West  and  founded  the 
town  of  Newcomerstown,  Ohio,  about  1815.  Their  descendants 
are  found  also  in  Iowa,  Nebraska,  Kansas  and  California.  Mr. 
Byron  Roberts,  of  Topeka,  Kansas,  and  Mr.  L.  B.  Neighbor,  of 
Dixon,  Illinois,  belonging  to  this  family,  are  men  of  prominence 
in  the  community.  "  Uncle"  David  Neighbor,  of  Lower  Val- 
ley, who  was  born  1797  and  died  1892,  at  the  age  of  95  years, 
and  whose  birthdays  were  annually  celebrated  by  large  gath- 
erings in  his  home  to  do  him  honor,  was  remarkable  for  an 
equable  temperament,  a  judicious  mind,  unimpeached  integrity 
and  a  genial  disposition,  all  of  which  were  sanctified  by  a  fer- 

Settlers  of  German  Valley  151 

vent  christian  faith.  He  was  an  elder  in  the  Presbyterian 
Church  for  many  years  ;  a  member  of  the  Assembly  and  of  the 
Constitutional  Convention.  His  son  James  Leonard  is  a  prom- 
inent lawyer  of  Dover,  N.  J. 

Matthias  Trimmer  bought  the  farm  next  to  Leonard 
Neighbor,  the  last  one  of  the  Logan  tract.  He  paid  .£160 
($427)  for  338 y*  acres,  of  which  he  was  in  actual  possession,  30 
MaY.  ^S0-  This  property  now  includes  the  farms  of  William 
Dufford  and  James  Anthony.  It  was  divided  by  Matthias  in 
'793  between  his  sons  John,  who  received  220  acres,  and  David, 
who  received  no  acres.  He  also  owned  30  acres  on  Schooley's 
Mountain,  265  acres  in  Lower  Valley,  which  were  left  to  his  son 
Jacob,  and  on  Fox  Hill,  70,  which  went  to  David,  and  150, 
which  were  given  to  Leonard.     He  owned  altogether  845  acres. 

Matthias  was  the  oldest  son  of  John  Trimmer,  who  came 
with  his  brother  from  Germany  or  Holland  to  America.  The 
brother  and  his  family  cannot  be  traced.  All  of  this  name  in 
Morris  and  Hunterdon  counties  are  descendants  of  John.  He 
probably  arrived  in  ship  Davy  at  Philadelphia  on  the  25th  of 
October,  1738.  He  and  his  son  Matthias  were  naturalized  by 
act  of  Assembly  in  1 744.  He  had  twelve  children  by  two  wives, 
nine  sons  and  three  daughters.  Four  of  his  sons  settled  in  the 
valley.  Besides  Matthias,  "Yilliam  settled  east  of  Middle  Val- 
ley and  had  one  son  Conrad  ;  Tunis  on  the  Hager  property, 
and  Nicholas  near  Parker.  George,  Harbert  and  John  settled 
in  Amwell  township,  Hunterdon  Co.,  where  their  descendants 
are  still  to  be  found. 

The  Leased  Lands 
included  all  the  Budd  and  Scott  tract.  This  tract  was  divided 
into  farms,  which  were  leased  in  1747,  for  a  term  of  one  hun- 
dred years.  The  farms,  however,  were  passed  from  owner  to 
owner,  and  as  the  rent  was  small,  it  was  not  regularly  paid  and 
the  settlers  looked  upon  the  land  as  theirs  in  fee  simple. 

Disputes  arose  and  the  heirs  of  the  original  lessors  scattered 
throughout  the  country  refused  to  resign  their  title.  In  the 
meanwhile  the  land  had  arisen  in  value  and  was  worth  contend- 
ing for.  For  fifty  years  or  more  up  to  the  year  r844  the  title 
to  these  farms  was  in  dispute.     No  one  cared  to  spend   any 

152  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

money  in  improvements,  of  which  some  one  else  might  reap 
the  benefit.  Fences  and  buildings  and  the  proper  care  of  the 
land  were  largely  neglected.  Finally  at  the  above  date  a  com- 
promise was  effected  ;  commissioners  were  appointed  to  sur- 
vey the  whole  tract  and  allot  the  different  sums  which  each 
farm  was  to  pay  towards  the  whole  amount,  which  had  been 
agreed  upon  between  the  parties.  The  long  contest  was  thus 
at  length  decided  and  new  deeds  were  given,  which  were  made 
valid  by  a  special  act  of  the  legislature,  passed  the  8th  of  March, 

Beginning  at  the  northern  end  of  the  Budd  tract,  the  first 
farm  of  200  acres  wbs  leased  in  1747  to  Jacob  Dufford.  A 
copy  of  this  lease,  now  in  the  possession  of  James  Anthony, 
will  serve  as  a  sample  of  the  rest.  It  is  dated  the  20th  of  May, 

John  Budd  of  the  County  of  Morris,  gentleman,  and  Sarah  his  wife,  to  Jacob 
Tefort.  weaver  of  said  county,  gives  a  lease  *  *  of  a  certain  tract  of  land  in 
that  place  called  Long  Valley,  whereon  he  now  dwells,  lying  on  both  sides  of  the 
Rarington  River,  bounded  as  follows  *  *  by  lands  of  James  Logan  and  Stofe 
Terberger,  *  *  the  said  Jacob  Tefort  from  the  26th  of  March  last  past  [1746], 
for  and  during  the  term  of  96  years  *  *  and  the  said  Jacob  Teford  doth  agree 
*    *    to  pay  3  Spanish  Pistolls  [  ]  of  full  weight  on  or  before  Nov.  1st  next 

ensuing.  On  failure  of  payment  of  said  rent,  twenty  days  after  the  respective  days 
of  payment  of  said  rent  yearly  *  *  the  said  John  Budd  may  enter  upon  the 
leased  lands  themselves  and  seize  &c.  any  goods  or  chattels  &c.  which  shall  be 
found  thereon  and  keep  them  20  days  and  if  no  payment  be  made  to  redeem  them 
then  the  said  John  Budd  may  sell  them  at  auction  to  the  highest  bidder  and  the 
overplus  *  *  be  returned  to  the  lessee.  The  witnesses  are  Nathan  Cooper; 
Andreas  Kiliau  ?  and  Johannes  Heger  are  in  german.  This  lease  is  endorsed  on  the 
back  with  the  No.  5,  and  the  words,  John  Trimmer  and  Adam  Winegarden  were 
present  when  I  took  possession  of  this  plantation,  with  consent  of  Stephen  and 
Jacob  Tefort,  Aug.  8,  1781. 

Jacob  Dufford,  to  whom  the  lease  was  given,  was  the  son 
of  Philip  Tofort  or  Dufford,  who  was  the  first  of  the  name  to 
come  to  the  valley.  He  arrived  at  Philadelphia  nth  Septem- 
ber, 1738,  in  the  ship  Robert  and  Olliver.  He  was  probably  of 
Huguenot  origin,  the  name  being  Devoor  or  Dufoor.  (See 
Genealogies  p.  342).  He  died  1767,  his  son  Jacob  having 
probably  died  before  him.  His  son  Adam  prebably  removed 
to  Greenwich  township,  Warren  Co.,  as  his  name  is  found  on 
the  "  Old  Straw  Church"  book.  His  son  George  has  left  no 
descendants  in  this  vicinity.     Philip,  Jr.,  also  disappeared  very 

Settlers  of  German  Valley  153 

early.  Jacob  is  therefore  the  ancestor  of  all  of  his  name  in  this 
section.  Of  his  sons,  Matthias  settled  on  Schooley's  Mountain, 
where  he  bought  185  acres  of  the  Stevenson  tract  in  1775  ; 
George  Stephen  ("  Yerestuffy")  remained  on  the  old  place,  now 
owned  and  occupied  by  Nathan  Anthony  and  Abner  Dilts. 

Stephen  Terryberry  ("  Stofe  Terberger")  leased,  in  1747, 
the  farm  of  150  acres,  next  to  Dufford.  This  is  the  farm  now 
owned  by  Isaac  Sharp  Vescelius.  About  1796,  when  Jacob 
Trimmer  bought  his  600  acres  below  the  county  line,  John 
Swackhamer  moved  from  that  place,  where  he  was  living,  to 
the  Terryberry  place,  which  his  son  Frederick  occupied  for 
many  years.  Mr.  Vescelius  is  a  descendant,  on  his  mother's 
side,  from  both  these  families.  Stephen  died  1776  and  left  two 
daughters,  Margaret,  who  probably  married  John  Swackhamer 
and  Elisabeth,  who  married  Adam  Sager.  His  son  George 
Frederick  removed  to  Oxford  township,  Warren  Co.,  and  his 
son  Philip  settled  upon  Schooley's  Mountain,  where  he  owned 
considerable  property  which  was  left  to  his  son  Philip  2d,  who 
died  in  1852. 

Johannes  Heger  leased  the  next  farm,  which  was  after- 
wards owned  in  succession  by  William  Welsh  2d,  Aaron  Howell 
and  Anthony  Trimmer,  by  whom  it  has  been  sold  to  his  son 
the  Hon.  Hager  Trimmer. 

Thomas  Niel  leased,  in  1752,  166  acres  east  of  the  three 
farms  mentioned  above.  Of  this  family  nothing  is  known.  In 
1744  John  Dufford  and  Adam  Hoffman  divided  this  tract 
between  them. 

Lorentz  Schleicher  ("Sliger")  leased  the  next  200  acres 
in  1750.  In  1844  this  plantation  included  the  land  of  I.  Ves- 
selius  (13^  acres),  Dr.  Sherwood  (75.90),  part  of  S.  G.  Hoffman 
and  David  Swackhamer. 

Lorentz  was  the  father  of  all  of  his  name.  He  was  one  of 
the  signers  in  1749,  of  Rev.  J.  A.  Weygand's  call.  He  had  at 
least  three  sons  :  John  Leonard,  of  whom  nothing  is  known; 
Lorentz,  who  went  to  Wyoming,  but  whose  son  came  back  here 
and  settled  at  Pleasant  Grove  ;  John  George,  settled  at  Beattys- 

Peter  Mains  leased  in  1747   the  next    farm  of    133  acres. 

»54  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

The  Mains  family,  of  which  Peter  was  probably  the  first,  re- 
moved to  Stillwater  and  to  Sparta,  where  they  are  still  to  be 
found.     This  farm  was  owned  by  David  Miller  in  1844. 

John  Stine,  leased  in  the  same  year,  the  next  farm  of  217 
acres.  This  farm  was  afterwards  owned  by  Jacob  Kern  and 
George  Wack.  The  Stine  family  have  removed  from  this 

John  Hendershot  leased  13th  April,  1747,  333  acres  for 
eight  years  rent  free,  "  to  make  improvements.'  This  planta- 
tion was  afterwards,  1760,  leased  by  Scott  to  Thomas  Neil  for 
84  years.     The  Neil  family  have  disappeared. 

The  first  of  the  name  of  Hendershot  was  probably  Michael, 
who  came  to  New  York  in  the  second  emigration  in  17 10.  He 
had  probably  six  children,  Casper,  Maria  Sophia,  John  Peter, 
Michael,  Elisabeth,  Eva  and  John.  These  children  settled  at 
Hackensack,  in  Monmouth  and  Sussex  counties.  Some  of  their 
descendants  probably  went  to  New  York  State.  The  John  who 
settled  on  the  leased  lands  is  said  to  have  come  from  Connec- 
ticut and  to  have  afterwards  removed  from  German  Valley  to 
Greenwich  township,  Warren  count}'.  The  name  would  indi- 
cate that  they  came  from  Holland. 

Cornelius  Hobbock  took  the  next  150  acres  in  1747.  This 
included  the  farms  of  Silvester  Neighbor  and  George  Trimmer. 
The  former  of  which  has  recently  been  purchased  by  Mr. 

The  Hobbock,  or  Hoppock,  family  was  probably  of  Holland 
descent.  Cornelius  was  probably  a  brother  of  Hendrick,  Teunis 
and  Jost.  The  family  is  now  scattered  from  Lambertville  to 

Jacob  Bodine  held  the  lease  for  133  acres,  which  now  be- 
long to  William  N,  Swackhammer.  The  Bodines  descended 
from  the  Huguenot  Jean  Boudin,  who  came  from  the  town  of 
Medit,  France,  to  London  before  1681,  with  his  wife  Esther 
Bridon.  He  died  on  Staten  Island  in  1695.  He  had  a  son 
Francis,  whose  son  Isaac  settled  at  the  North  Branch.  Jacob 
was  probably  the  son  of  Isaac.  Another  son  of  Isaac,  viz. 
Frederick,  was   probably  the  father  of  Gilbert,  who  lived  in 


Settlers  of  German  Valley  155 

Chester  township,  and  whose  daughter  Elsie  married  Matthias 

On  the  east  of  the  original  Budd  tract  land  had  been  bought 
by  Scott  from  Daniel  Smith.  This  was  included  in  the  leased 

Michael  Pace,  a  son-in-law  of  the  first  Welsh,  leased  1775, 
58  acres  of  this  tract.  This  farm  belonged  to  Philip  Philhower 
in  1844.  Michael  kept  a  tavern  here  in  1772.  He  afterwards 
removed  with  his  family  to  Wyoming,  Pa.  One  son,  John, 
remained  here  and  was  brought  up  by  his  uncle,  Judge  David 
Welsh.  Two  daughters,  Elisabeth  and  Susan,  married  respec- 
tively, Conrad  and  William  Rarick.  Michael  had  a  brother 
Daniel,  whose  son  Frederick  left  many  descendants  settled  for 
the  most  part  in  Mud  street. 

William  Trimmer,  probably  a  son  of  the  first  John,  in  1775 
leased  84  acres  and  Thomas  Neil  3054  next  to  him.  William 
appears  to  have  had  only  one  son,  Conrad,  who  was  the  grand- 
father of  Asa  and  Nathan  Trimmer  and  of  Uncle  Jesse  Hoffman. 

Middle  Valley, 
about  three  miles  from  German  Valley,  is  situated  on  the  Budd 
tract  or  "  the  leased  lands." 

Dr.  Ebenezer  K.  Sherwood,  a  physician,  was  settled  here 
more  than  half  a  century  ago,  practiced  medicine  in  this  region 
for  45  years,  and  at  one  time  maintained  a  private  asylum  for 
the  insane.  He  had  come  from  Somerset  county,  having  orig- 
inally belonged  to  Connecticut.  His  son,  the  Rev.  Jonathan 
H.  Sherwood,  married  Dr.  Hutton's  sister,  and  was  for  many 
years  the  beloved  pastor  of  the  Presbyterian  Church  at  Milford, 
New  Jersey. 

David  W.  Miller  kept  the  store  more  than  fifty  years  ago. 
His  character  is  well  described  in  the  following  obituary  notice 
which  appeared  at  the  time  of  his  death  : 

In  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  February  12th,  David  W.  Miller,  died 
in  the  68th  year  of  his  age.  There  is  a  special  significance  and 
value  in  this  notice,  in  that  it  is  the  record  of  the  death  of  the 
last  one  of  a  family  of  nine  brothers  and  sisters,  in  the  lives  and 
death  of  all  of  whom  is  strikingly  illustrated  the  covenant  faith- 
fulness of  God. 

156  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

The  father  of  this  family  was  one  most  fitly  characterized 
by  the  phrase  "An  Israelite  in  whom  is  no  guile."  The  mother 
was  a  woman  remarkable  for  earnest,  enthusiastic,  active  piety. 
These  parents,  as  will  be  readily  inferred,  trained  their  house- 
hold in  the  fear  and  admonition  of  the  Lord.  And  they  were 
privileged  before  they  died  to  see  all  their  children  in  visible 
connection  with  the  church  of  Christ,  and  leading  lives  of  con- 
sistent piety  ;  they  witnessed  the  joyful,  triumphant  departure 
of  more  than  one  of  them,  heard  from  over  the  sea,  words  of 
calm  Christian  faith  of  one  who  died  in  a  far  land  ;  and  after 
they  had  ascended  each  of  the  surviving  sons  and  daughters,  as 
they  successively  departed,  left  behind  them  good  evidence 
thai  they  had  gone  to  join  the  covenant  host. 

One  of  these  was  Jacob  W.  Miller,  who  served  New  Jersey 
in  the  Unjted  States  Senate  twelve  years  ;  another  was  William 
Miller,  well  known  in  Newark  and  vicinity  as  an  orator  of  rare 
promise,  but  who  died  at  an  early  age  in  the  city  of  Paris, 
where  he  had  gone  in  the  vain  hope  of  arresting  the  progress 
of  a  fatal  malady. 

David  W.  Miller  was  born  in  German  Valley,  New  Jersey,  in 
the  3'ear  1799.  He  was  a  man  of  ardent,  enthusiastic  spirit, 
gifted  with  good  intellectual  powers,  and  especially  a  vivid 
imagination,  and  on  several  occasions  addressed  public  assem- 
blies with  marked  effect. 

His  leading  characteristic  was  ardent  devotion  to  the  cause 
of  Christ.  In  every  agency  that  seemed  fitted  to  advance  that 
cause,  he  took  an  earnest,  active  and  untiring  interest.  He  was 
one  of  the  earliest  movers  in  the  cause  of  Sunday  schools  in  his 
county  and  State  ;  and  one  of  the  first  addresses  on  that  subject 
published  in  the  State  was  from  his  pen. 

In  the  country  neighborhood  where  he  lived  many  years, 
some  miles  from  any  church,  he  sustained,  much  of  the  time 
almost  unaided,  the  ordinances  of  religion,  laboring  untiringly 
in  the  Sunday  school,  the  evening  meeting,  by  prayer  and  ex- 
hortation and  the  reading  of  good  books  to  quicken  believers 
and  save  the  impenitent.  He  delivered  an  able  address  at 
Morristown,  N.  J.,  10th  April,  1827,  at  an  anniversary  of  the 
Morris  County  Sunday  School  Union. 

Settlers  of  German  Valley  157 

He  removed  from  German  Valley  to  Brooklyn  about  the 
year  1848,  and  was  there  employed  for  a  series  of  years  alter- 
nately in  private  business  and  government  employ.  During 
the  war  he  was  for  some  time  in  the  work  of  the  Christian 
Commission,  being  actively  engaged  with  earnest  devotion  and 
hearty  satisfaction,  as  in  his  true  work  amongst  the  sick  and 
wounded  at  City  Point. 

During  the  last  ten  years  of  his  life,  with  impaired  health, 
and  no  regular  business,  he  gave  what  strength  he  had  to  every 
good  work  that  presented  itself,  being  deeply  interested  in  and 
a  constant  attendant  upon  the  noon-day  prayer  meetings. 

The  Miller  family  of  this  vicinity  were  descended  from 
John  Henry  Miller  or  Mueller,  who  was  born  in  the  village 
of  Niedermastahn  in  the  Zweibrucken  Palatinate,  and  came  to 
Philadelphia  12th  August,  1752.  Henry  had  four  children, 
Elisabeth,  the  wife  of  Christian  Kline,  Mary  Catherine,  the  wife 
of  Baltis  Stiger,  Henry,  who  settled  at  New  Germantown,  and 
David,  who  settled  at  Middle  Valley.  A  daughter  of  the  latter 
married  Rev.  John  C.  Vanderwoort.  Of  the  other  children  of 
David,  of  Middle  Valley,  William  W.  and  Jacob  W.  became 
prominent  lawyers,  the  latter  being  first  Senator  of  New  Jersey 
and  then  of  the  United  States,  both  being  acknowledged  to  be 
men  of  pre-eminent  gifts  both  as  orators  and  lawyers.  William 
W.  however  died  young  and  left  only  the  promise  of  a  great 

Andreas  Miller  was  the  ancestor  of  another  family  of  the 
same  name,  which  settled  in  the  vicinity  of  Hackettstown. 



Lower  Valley,  Califon  and  High  Bridge. 
Lower  Valley. 

|EGINNING  with  the  county  line  of  Hun- 
terdon county  we  enter  upon  the  West 
Jersey  Society  tract.  This  comprised 
speaking  generally  all  of  what  is  now 
Hunterdon  county,  at  least  that  part  of 
it  which  is  west  of  a  line  drawn  from 
Pickels  Mountain  to  Pottersville  and  north 
of  the  boundary  line,  which  runs  between  Hunterdon  and 
Mercer  counties. 

It  contained  91,800  acres,  of  which  there  was  owned,  before 
1760,  by  Allen  and  Turner  10,800  acres;  by  Coxe  and  Kirk- 
bride,  11,377  ;  by  Coxe  and  King,  1,527  ;  by  Hoff  and  Bonnell, 
500;  by  Harmon  Rosencrants  568;  by  Alexander,  Morris, 
White  and  Dunstar,  10,500  ;  surveyed  and  laid  out  in  farms 

As  early  as  1735  this  tract  was  settled  by  a  number  of  people 
and  leases  were  given  for  four  years  to  98  families  of  farms  in 
size  from  50  to  300  acres.  A  list  of  these  names  will  be  found 
in  the  appendix.  These  were  all  the  settlers  on  the  whole 
tract  with  the  exception  of  the  ten  thousand  acres  sold  to  Coxe 

Settlers  of  the  Lower  Valley  159 

and  Kirkbridge,  which  extended  from  Clinton  to  Flemington. 

Jacob  Trimmer,  son  of  Matthias  1st,  bought  a  tract  of  603 
acres  from  Livingston,  being  lots  No.  68  and  69  of  his  allot- 
ment, for  .£1809  ($1809  ?)  gold  or  silver,  4th  July,  1797.  The 
land  is  described  as  now  in  the  possession  of  John  Swackham- 
mer.  There  was  excepted  from  this  purchase  a  farm  of  81 
acres  previously  (4th  July,  1794)  sold  to  Rev.  Caspar  Wack. 
This  well  known  Trimmer  tract  is  now  in  possession  of  Jacob's 

John  Swackhammer,  son  of  Samuel,  the  emigrant,  was 
charged  in  the  year  1766  with  the  rent  of  lot  No.  69,  of  448 
acres,  valued  then  at  .£896,  and  Jacob  Cummins  with  the  rent 
of  lot  No.  68  of  238  acres. 

Samuel  Swackhammer  settled  on  a  part  (162  acres),  which 
he  had  bought,  of  a  tract  of  376  acres,  which  belonged  to 
Anthony  White,  at  least  as  early  as  1762,  and  it  majr  be  that 
this  was  where  he  was  settled  in  1735.  This  tract  extended 
from  the  road  to  Califon  from  the  Lower  Valley,  southwesterly 
on  both  sides  of  the  South  Branch,  two-thirds  of  the  distance  to 
Hoffman's  crossing.  The  farm  north  of  Swackhammar's,  of 
126  acres,  had  been  bought  in  1762  by  Philip  Sheeler,  and  an- 
other lot  of  2Y2  acres  was  in  possession  of  Conrad  Swackham- 
mer, and  a  fourth  part  of  66^4  acres  was  o.ccupied  by  William 
Haugh  (Hawk  ?).     The  two  latter  parts  were  unsold. 

Samuel  was  the  first  of  the  Swackhammers  and  came  to 
this  country  in  1731.  He  died  in  1782  at  82  years  of  age,  leav- 
ing a  family  by  three  wives  of  25  children,  73  grandchildren 
and  25  great-grandchildren.  Such  is  the  statement  in  the  old 
German  church  book  by  Dominie  Graaf,  but  his  will  only 
names  13  children,  of  whom  we  can  trace  the  descendants  of 
only  Conrad  and  John.  The  former,  Conrad,  leaving  descend- 
ants in  Hunterdon  county,  and  the  latter,  John,  in  Morris. 

Philip  Shseler,  now  called  Schuyler,  was  the  first  of  his 
name  in  New  Jersey.  He  was  born  1718,  married  Ann  Ander- 
son and  died  1784.  He  had  14  children,  of  whom  Philip  and 
Jacob  removed  to  Sussex  county,  while  Peter,  William  and 
John  left  descendants  in  Hunterdon  and  Morris  counties. 

160  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

The  village  of  Califon  is  of  comparatively  recent  origin,  but 
more  than  makes  up  by  the  rapidity  of  its  growth  for  delay  in 
starting.  The  name  was  originally  California,  which  became  ab- 
breviated to  Califon.  Jacob  Neighbor,  who  formerly  owned  the 
mill  there  and  also  the  store,  gave  the  name  to  the  place.  Several 
years  ago  the  Methodists  rebuilt  their  church  and  now  worship 
in  one  of  the  most  beautiful  and  convenient  churches  in  all  this 
region.  The  Rev.  Mr.  Jones,  the  present  pastor,  is  a  man  of 
fine  elocutionary  powers  as  well  as  a  liberal  minded  and  enter- 
prising pastor,  and  under  his  ministrations  the  church  is  grow- 
ing in  size  and  efficiency.  The  business  men  are  noted  for 
their  enterprise  and  push.  G.  W.  Beaty  and  J.  W.  Beavers  and 
Peter  Philhower  are  the  general  merchants  of  the  place,  S.  N. 
Weise  and  the  Weise  and  Neighbor  Company  are  extensive 
dealers  in  a  superior  quality  of  lime. 

Presbyterian  Church  of  Lower  Valley. 

This  church  is  located  in  the  southeast  corner  of  the  town- 
ship, near  the  thriving  village  of  Califon.  The  original  mem- 
bers were  from  other  churches,  and  more  especially  from  the 
Presbyterian  Church  at  German  Valley,  with  which  it  was  at 
one  time  connected.  Many  of  the  members  living  in  the 
vicinity  of  Lower  Valley  began  to  feel  the  need  of  a  place  of 
worship  nearer  home,  and  September  30th,  1870,  half  an  acre 
of  land,  upon  which  the  house  now  stands,  was  purchased  of 
Samuel  K.  Weller.  A  building  committee  was  at  once  ap- 
pointed, consisting  of  Samuel  Trimmer,  Oliver  Bunn  and  David 
Neighbour.  The  corner  stone  was  laid  in  May,  1871,  by  Rev. 
I.  A.  Blauvelt,  of  the  German  Valley  Church,  and  the  building 
was  completed  and  dedicated  December  19th,  187 1.  It  is  of 
wood,  38  by  65  feet  and  cost  $12,000.  May  7th,  1872,  this 
church  was  regularly  and  legally  organized  by  the  Presbytery 
of  Morris  and  Orange,  with  the  following  constituted  members  : 
On  certificate  from  German  Valley  Church,  George  Neighbour, 
Elisabeth  Neighbour,  David  Neighbour,  Jacob  M.  Trimmer, 
Susan  L.  Trimmer,  James  Trimmer,  Catherine  Flumerfelt, 
Adaline  Neighbour,  Caroline  Apgar,  John  Neighbour,  Marga- 


Settlers  of  the  Lower  Valley  161 

Tet  Q.  Neighbor,  Charles  Miller,  Mary  Miller,  James  Foster, 
Ellen  Foster,  Elias  V.  Cregar,  Eliza  Ann  Cregar,  Sylvester 
Neighbour,  Zilpha  Neighbour,  Mary  Trimmer,  Elisabeth 
Miller,  Gilbert  Trimmer,  Caroline  Trimmer,  Samuel  Trimmer, 
Ann  C.  Trimmer,  Leonard  G.  Neighbour,  George  E.  Naugh- 
right,  Caroline  Trimmer,  George  Apgar  and  Ann  Naughright  ; 
from  Pleasant  Grove,  Rachel  Apgar,  Peter  Bunn  and  wife, 
Abraham  Hoffman  and  wife  and  Oliver  Bunn  ;  from  Flanders, 
Mary  Welch  ;  from  Reformed  Church  at  High  Bridge,  Benj. 
Cole  and  Sophia  Cole  ;  from  Evangelical  Lutheran  Church  of 
Spruce  Run,  O.  B.  Hoffman  and  Margaret  A.  Hoffman.  The 
first  elders  were  George  Neighbour,  David  Neighbour  and 
Jacob  M.  Trimmer.  May  18th,  1872,  the  following  additional 
elders  were  elected  :  Elias  V.  Cregar,  Benj.  Cole  and  Abraham 
Hoffman.  In  1874  the  church  officials  purchased  three-quar- 
ters of  an  acre,  adjoining  the  church  lot,  and  built  thereon 
their  present  beautiful  and  commodious  parsonage  at  a  cost  of 
$4,000.  The  first  pastor  was  Rev.  I.  A.  Blauvelt.  He  preached 
at  German  Valley  in  the  forenoon  and  at  Lower  Valley  in  the 
afternoon.  He  was  succeeded  in  December,  1 871,  or  January, 
1872,  by  Rev.  R.  H.  Van  Amburgh,  who  remained  only  till 
February,  1872,  when  Rev.  John  Reed  was  called.  He  was 
succeeded  by  Rev.  Chester  Coe  Murra,  installed  in  May,  1875. 
His  successor  was  Rev.  W.  J.  Henderson,  installed  in  May,  1877. 
Rev.  James  R.  Gibson  was  called  1884,  and  remained  the  pop- 
ular and  efficient  pastor  of  the  church  until  the  year  1894. 

For  six  months  he  was  pastor  of  a  Presbyterian  Church,  of 
Berwick,  Penn.,  but  was  called  back  to  his  former  charge, 
which  had  been  unable  to  unite  upon  any  one  to  fill  his  place. 
Mr.  Gibson  resigned  on  account  of  impaired  health  to  seek 
relief  in  the  employ  of  the  Prudential  Insurance  Company,  of 

He  was  followed  by  Rev.  A.  Nicholson,  who  is  the  present 
pastor.  The  church  a  year  or  two  ago  purchased  a  pipe  organ 
at  an  expense  of  $1,200,  and  have  recently  procured  an  expen- 
sive steam  heating  apparatus.  This  church  is  now  in  the 
Presbytery  of  Elisabeth.     Present  value  of  property,  $16,000  • 

io:  Early  G**mans  of  New  Jmwby 

membership  154.     The  Sunday  school  was  established  in  1840 
by  David  Neighbour,  the  first  superintendent. 
High  Bridge. 

This  township  was  included  in  the  Allen  and  Turner  tract 
of  10,000  acres.  The  whole  tract  was  purchased,  21st  October, 
1752,  of  the  West  Jersey  Society  by  William  Allen  and  Joseph 
Turner  for  .£3,997,  New  York  currency.  It  included  586  acres 
previously  purchased  by  them  [Trenton,  K,  194]. 

In  1742,  December  1st,  William  Allen  had  purchased  3,000 
acres  and  in  the  deed  a  forge  is  spoken  of  as  already  in  opera- 
tion. The  same  company  owned  land  in  Sussex  county,  includ- 
ing the  Andover  Furnace,  and  in  Chester  township,  Morris 
county.  They  were  large  iron  manufacturers  and  are  said  to 
have  been  engaged  in  this  business  as  early  as  1728. 

In  1802  the  tract  including  the  present  township  of  High 
Bridge  and  also  part  of  Bethlehem,  was  divided  into  52  farms. 
The  map  of  these  farms  is  now  in  the  possession  of  Mr.  Lewis 
Tavlor,  of  High  Bridge,  who  has  kindly  permitted  it  to  be 
copied  and  it  will  be  found  in  this  volume. 

William  Alpock  occupied  farm  No.  1  of  184  acres. 

On  the  23d  of  September,  1734,  there  landed  at  Philadelphia, 
Zacharias  and  John  Wilhelm  Ahlbach,  with  three  others  of  the 
same  name,  who  were  under  sixteen  years  of  age,  viz.,  Johann 
Wilhelm.  Joh.  Gerhard  and  Johann  Peter.  Zacharias  and  Wil- 
liam occupied  parts  of  the  Society  Lands  in  1735.  The  three 
brothers  William,  George  and  Peter,  who  tradition  says  were 
the  first,  were  probably  of  the  second  generation.  Of  these 
Peter  settled  in  Alexandria  township,  and  George,  between 
Bray's  Hill  and  Cokesburg. 

Morris  Alpock  was  the  first  of  the  name  in  Morris  county 
and  owned  or  occupied  land  on  the  road  from  Bartley  to 
Flanders.  He  had  three  children,  William,  Philip  and  Elisa- 
beth. From  the  first  of  these,  William,  have  descended  all  the 
Alpocks  of  Morris  county.  William  bought  223  acres,  in  1773, 
of  the  Bowlsby  tract,  between  German  Valley  and  Chester. 
This  farm  is  now  owned  by  Theodore  Coleman.  Morris,  his 
oldest  son,  owned  265  acres  at  Naughright  until  his  death  in 

SSTTLMS  OF    THE    LOWER    VALfcEY  163 

Hwry  Lindaberry  occupied  lot  No.  3.  He  was  the  ances- 
tor of  those  of  his  name  in  Tewksbury  township  and  in  Morris 
county.  He  had  eight  children,  Conrad,  Jacob,  Harbert,  Ann. 
the  wife  of  Tunis  Updike,  Casper,  John,  George  and  Eva  the 
wife  of  Peter  Hockenberry. 

Conrad  Lindaberry,  who  removed  from  near  the  White- 
house  to  Hope,  Warren  Co.,  was  probably  the  brother  of  Her.  -v. 
George  Lindaberry,  of  Whitehouse,  the  grandfather  of 
William  N.  Lindaberry,  of  Hackettstown,  and  Mrs.  Leonard  F. 
Apgar,  of  Middle  Valley,  may  have  been  a  brother  of  Henry 
and  Conrad. 

There  were  originally  two  brothers,  Conrad  and  Nicholas 
Leinenberger,  who  came  to  Philadelphia,  15th  September, 
1752.  Caspar  Lindaberry  bought  in  1796  a  farm  of  176  acres 
east  of  the  John  Sharp  place  near  High  Bridge. 

Joseph  Hockenberry,  who  occupied  lot  No.  5  of  266  acres 
was  probably  a  grandson  of  Herbert,  who  died  in  1769,  and 
left  twelve  children,  of  whom  six  were  boys,  viz.,  John,  Peter, 
Jost,  Henry,  Christopher  and  Harman. 

Harm  an  Lance  occupied  lot  9  and  Herbert  lot  12.  Three 
brothers  of  the  Lance  family  came  to  this  country  together. 
They  were  Jacob,  who  settled  in  Warren  county,  and  whose 
descendants  are  found  near  Sparta  ;■  Michael,  who  died  in 
Greenwich  township,  Warren  county,  leaving  five  children  ; 
and  John,  who  was  the  father  of  Harman  and  perhaps  also  of 
Herbert.  The  three  brothers  came  to  Philadelphia  on  October 
28th,  1738,  in  ship  Thistle. 

Matthias  Cramer  was  probably  the  father  of  George,  who 
is  found  on  lot  11  of  193  acres.  The  former  had  at  least  two 
sons  :  Matthias,  one  of  whose  daughters,  Anna,  married  John 
Hager,  and  another,  Mary,  married  John  Sharp  ;  Morris,  who 
removed  to  Mendham,  and  left  descendants  in  Chester  township. 
John  Adam  Apgar  was  probably  the  first  of  the  family  in 
this  country.  His  name  was  originally  Ebcher  and  he  came 
from  the  borders  of  Italy.  His  oldest  son,  Herbert,  was  prob- 
ably the  father  of  George,  who  occupied  lot  13  of  268  acres,  and 
of  Peter,  who  lived  upon  lot  17  of  219  acres. 

There  were  ten  sons  and  one  daughter  of  John  Adam,  the 

164  Early  Germane  or  New  Jersey 

emigrant  :  Herbert,  who  settled  east  of  Cokesburg ;  Henry, 
in  Alexandria  township,  Hunterdon  county  ;  Jacob,  west  of 
Cokesburg  ;  Peter,  of  Lebanon  ;  John  Peter,  near  Whitehall  ; 
William,  of  Clinton  ;  Adam,  of  Cokesburg ;  Frederick,  of  Alex- 
andria township  ;  Conrad,  of  Mountainsville  ;  George,  who 
went  West,  and  Catherine,  an  only  daughter,  who  married  first 
John  Emery,  and  second  John  Sharp. 

John  Seals,  an  English  school-teacher,  who  came  to  this 
country  adout  1762,  was  the  father  probably  of  Daniel  and 
William  Seals,  who  lived  on  lots  22  and  15  respectively.  John 
lived  on  lot  20. 



S  filMSra  NIONVILLE,  or  Parker,  includes  the  hilly 
section  between  German  Valley  and  Fox 
Hill.  The  post  office  is  in  the  store  of 
Mr.  Sutton,  at  the  cross-roads  where  are 
also  the  school  house  and  a  blacksmith 
shop.  The  Bowlsby  Tract  of  2,365  acres 
taken  up  in  February,  1765,  by  Thomas 
Bowlsby,  joins  the  valley  tracts  on  the  east.  Part  of  this,  1,652 
acres,  had  been  surveyed  29th  October,  17 14,  for  Samuel  Barker 
[Burlington  L.,  3  and  4]. 

William  Alpock  bought  225  acres  of  this  tract  1773.  This 
is  now  the  farm  of  Theodore  Coleman. 

Conrad  Bunn  bought  the  next  farm  of  358  acres  November 
18th,  1772.  Of  this  land  Bunn  sold  112  acres  to  John  Dean  in 
1783,  and  he  to  Andrew  Shangle  in  180 1.  The  rest  finally  came 
into  the  possession  of  J.  J.  Crater  and  Stephen  I.  Howell. 

Caleb  Swavzie  bought  250  acres  next  to  Conrad  Bunn,  and 
on  both  sides  of  Mudd  street.  This  farm  was  sold  to  Conrad 
Bunn.  From  Conrad  it  came  to  John  Bunn  and  the  latter  sold 
the  250  acres  for  $1,000  to  William  D.  Lusk,  17th  November, 
1824.  The  Messlar  property,  formerly  Lomersons,  belonged  to 
this  land.  Two  hundred  and  eight  acres  were  sold  April,  1855, 
by  James  Vanderveer  and  D.  C.  Horton  to  Henry  M.  and  Ser- 
ing  Hoffman. 

Hedges  Howell  sold  the  next  farm  of  159  acres  to  George 
Weise  in  1847.     It  is  now  owned  by  Lauerman. 

i06  Eari<y  Germans  or  Nkw  Jbrsw 

John  F.  S>«th  owned  the  next  fwm  of  iao  acres,  which  it 
now  Theuoore  Philbower'R. 

Jeremiad  Afgar  owns  the  next  place  of  about  go  acres, 
Isaac    How-kll  bought  at  an  early  date  about  243  acres, 

which  was  divided  up  at  his  death  into  six  shares,  now  occupied 
by  his  descendants. 

Peter  Hoffman  now  owns  the  next  and  most  southern  farm 
on  the  Bowlsby  tract.  It  contains  97  acres,  48  acres  west  of 
this  farm  and  between  it  and  the  old  Trimmer  property  there 
were  48  acres  which  were  sold  in  1790  by  J.  Culver  to  Leonard 

Nicholas  Trimmer  purchased  119  acres  extending  from  the 
old  Fox  Hill  road  at  Parker  to  and  across  the  present  turnpike. 
This  is  the  property  on  which  the  store  and  school  house  stand. 
It  now  belongs  to  the  Salter  estate. 

Conrad  Bunn  bought  158  acres,  including  the  present 
Albert  Bunn  farm,  of  Gershom  Gard,  19th  July,  1784. 

North  of  this  property  Nicholas  Trimmer  bought,  19th 
March,  1789,  155  acres  which  he  sold  1820,  April  4th,  to  George 

Henry  Smith  gave  a  mortgage  8th  March,  1784,  to  Caleb 
Swayzie  for  123  acres  between  the  Shangle  farm  and  the 
Alpock  in  Cherry  Valley. 

This  completes  the  Bowlsby  tract. 

The  Wetherell  Tract 
bounded  the  Bowlsby  tract  on  the  south.     It  contained   1,100 
acres  and  was  taken  up  17 19  [Burlington,  Lib.  A,  fol.  148]. 

The  eastern  end  of  this  tract  where  John  Rhinehard  lives 
was  sola  to  Adam  Lorentz  in  1750.  Of  his  250  acres  Lorentz 
sold  100  to  Anthony  Waldorf  in  1754  and  the  latter  sold  the 
same  in  1784  to  Adam  Rhinehart.  The  other  155  acres  (the 
western  half)  were  sold  to  Jacob  Frazee  and  by  him  to  Leon- 
ard Shangle  in  1793,  and  by  Leonard  to  John,  Jacob  and 
Frederick  Shangle.  On  the  opposite  side  of  the  road  is  the  old 
Rhinehart  place. 

In  1773,  November  13th,  Asa  Budd  to  William  Smith  sold  a 
farm  of  1 1 9  acres  east  of  the  old  Rhinehart  place  and  running 
from  the  Rhinehart  road  to  the  road  to  Pottersville. 

Settlors  of«  Un»om*hll»  i6y 

Anthomy  Sohenrbl-  bought  120  aores  south  of  the  old 
Rhinehart  place,  i6tb  December^  1793. 

The  rest  of  the  Wetherill  tract  was  divided  into  three  lot* 
■which  were  bought  by  Philip  Crater,  Jacob  Miller  and  John 

Philip  Grater  bought  243  acres  in  1 785,  including  the 
Barkman  farm. 

Jacob  Miller  purchased  the  farm  south  of  this  of  243  acres. 
This  plantation  included  the  Walter's  of  163  acres,  and  another 
farm  of  71  acres. 

William  Fleming  bought  the  farm  west  of  these,  called  lot 
No.  3,  containing  280  acres  of  John  Snyder  in  1798. 

The  Davenport  Tract 
ran  almost  east  and  west  between  the  road  on  the  north,  separ- 
ating it  from  the  Wetherill  tract  and  the  Hunter  survey  and 
the  county  line  on  the  south.  It  contained  about  500  acres, 
was  taken  up  29th  October,  1714  ;  was  sold  to  Joseph  Reckless 
23d  October,  1747,  and  on  a  resurvey  19th  April,  1748,  was 
found  to  contain  585  acres. 

Morris  Creter  bought  7th  February,  1748,  308  acres,  or  the 
western,  and  Andrew  Able,  the  eastern  half  of  the  same 
amount  at  the  same  date.  Both  these  purchasers  were  in 
actual  possession  at  the  time  of  signing  the  deed,  and  it  is 
probable  that  they  first  settled  on  the  land  some  rears  previ- 
ously, paying  a  little  on  the  land  each  year  until  the  full 
amount  was  reached,  when  the  deed  was  given. 

Morris  Creter  was  the  ancestor  of  all  of  the  name  in  New 
Jersey.  His  brother  John  probably  came  to  this  State  with 
him,  as  his  name  is  found  on  the  old  Tewksbury  township  book 
in  1756,  but  none  of  the  descendants  of  the  latter  have  been 

Morris  had  four  children  :  Jacob,  an  imbecile  ;  Morris, 
whose  son  Philip  owned  considerable  land  in  Chester  township 
and  whose  son  Morris  was  the  grandfather  of  Rev.  Dr.  W.  O. 
Ruston's  wife  ;  Philip,  who  owned  land  in  Chester  and  near 
Unionville,  and  whose  son  Matthias  had  descendants  at  Glen 
Gardner ;  Esther,  who  married  Thomas  Van  Buskirk. 

Andreas  Abel  was  probably  an  uncle  of  Matthias  of  Upper 

168  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

German  Valley.  He  had  two  children,  Michel  and  Paul.  The 
former  owned  the  land  on  which  the  first  church  (a  union 
church)  of  Fox  Hill  stood. 

Heinrich  Schenkle  probably  settled  on  the  farm  (of  167 
acres)  east  of  the  Davenport  tract.  This  he  left  at  his  death 
in  1769  to  his  wife  for  14  years,  when  (1788)  it  was  sold  to 
Henry's  oldest  son  Anthony.  Besides  Anthony  he  had  four 
sons  and  four  daughters. 

John  Bunn,  of  German  descent,  settled  on  the  farm  in  the 
extreme  southeastern  corner  of  the  township,  before  1756.  He 
was  the  father  of  Cunrad,  who  bought  the  land  near  Union- 
ville.  It  is  not  known  whether  he  had  other  children.  Another 
family  of  the  same  name  was  settled  in  Somerset  county. 
There  were  Bunns  of  English  descent  from  Woodbridge,  New 
Jersey,  in  Hunterdon  county.  The  name  would  suggest  a 
Huguenot  origin. 

Joseph  Van  Pelt  purchased  in  1799  161  acres  or  part  of  the 
Benjamin  Hunter  survey  of  250,  which  was  between  the  Daven- 
port tract  and  the  county  line. 

Philip  Philhower  was  the  great-grandfather  of  the  family 
of  that  name  now  settled  east  of  Middle  Valley.  Andrew 
Jesse,  Jacob,  Elias  and  David,  are  sons  of  Philip,  who  was  the 
grandson  of  the  first  Philip.  The  last  named  probably  had  a 
brother  George,  who  went  to  Virginia,  and  a  father  George 
Philip  Wuhlhauer ,  who  landed  at  Philadelphia  16th  September, 
1748,  from  the  same  vessel  as  Rev.  Casper  Wack's  father. 

The  Reading  Tract,  which  this  family  once  owned,  has 
always  been  difficult  to  survey.  It  contained  250  acres  and  was 
frequently  sold.  It  joined  the  leased  lands  on  the  east  and 
the  county  line  on  the  south. 



Budd's    Lake  —  Mount    Olive  —  Draketown  —  Flocktown — 

springtown schooley  mountain  springs 

Pleasant  Grove. 

(aUTKAUIANNING  is  the  name  by  which 
Budd's  Lake  was  called  by  the  Indians 
and  in  the  early  surveys.  It  lies  half  in 
the  Reading  and  half  in  the  Eyre  tract. 
When  the  former  of  these  was  first  sur- 
veyed John  Reading  was  on  a  surveying 
trip  in  this  region.  Of  this  trip  he  has 
left  an  account  in  his  diary,  now  in  the  possession  of  the  New 
Jersey  Historical  Society.  As  an  illustration  of  the  wild  con- 
dition of  this  part  of  New  Jersey  at  that  time  we  quote  a  few 
extracts  : 

May  22  [17151.  Left  Allamucha  *  *  kept  a  path  which  led  to  a  very  pleasant 
pond  [Budd's  Lake]  being  upon  the  head  of  a  branch  of  the  Rarington,  called  south 
branch,  being  near  a  mile  over  and  two  miles  in  length  ;  kept  the  path  about  two 
miles  farther  to  an  Indian  plantation  ceiled  Chanongong,  where  we  slept  that  night. 

May  23.  We  went  back  in  the  morning  to  aforesaid  pond  where  we  laid  out  a 
tract  [the  Reading  survey  of  600  acres]  having  got  an  Indian  to  help  us  and  lay  by 
the  pond  all  night. 

May  24.  We  waited  in  the  morning  for  some  venison  which  the  aforesaid 
Indian  promised  to  bring  us,  but  failed.  Went  to  the  Indian  plantation  where  we 
surveyed  and  it  raining  very  fast  in  the  afternoon  lodged  there  all  night. 

During  this  trip,  as  far  as  the  Water  Gap  and  down  the  Mus- 
conetcong,  the  party  suffered  from  want  of  food  and  requirad 
the  help  of  an  Indian  guide,  during  part  of  the  time.     Nothing 

170  EARLY    Gu.MANf    OF    N*W    JfcRElY 

but  Indian  settlements  are  found  west  of  Whippany  or  the 
Passaiok  river. 

The  family  of  Budds  who  settled  very  early  on  the  upper 
part  of  the  lake  gave  their  name  to  this  body  of  water. 

Jesse  M.  Sharp,  of  German  Valley,  purchased  land  along 
the  eastern  shore  and  erected  the  large  hotel  which  is  now 
located  there.     The  post-office  was  established  in  1857. 

Mt.  Olive, 

the  nearest  village,  was  named  from  Benjamin  Olive.  The 
Presbyterian  Church  in  this  place  was  at  first  a  preaching 
station  of  the  Chester  church.  Thus  the  Rev.  James  Harcourt, 
probably,  preached  here  as  early  as  1752. 

The  Baptist  Church  was  constituted  with  about  twelve 
members  in  1753.  as  a  branch  of  the  church  in  Morristown.  In 
1786,  September  27th,  it  was  organized  as  a  separate  charge. 
In  1768  James  Heaton  gave  an  acre  of  land  for  church,  burial 
and  school  purposes.  The  trustees  to  whom  the  deed  was  given 
were  Jacob  and  Job  Cossett  (Corzat)  and  Richard  Stephens.  A 
log  building  was  probably  already  built  upon  this  land  at  that 
date  and  was  a  union  church. 

Samuel  Heaton  and  his  three  brothers  are  said  to  have 
come  from  Wrentham,  Mass.,  to  engage  in  the  iron  business. 
Samuel  was  an  overseer  of  highways  in  Roxbury  township  in 


is  situated  on  the  farm  of  200  acres  purchased  by  Ebenezer 
Drake  in  1759,  This  land  was  part  of  the  great  Boynton  tract 
of  3,314  acres,  taken  up  by  Joseph  Pigeon,  8th  October,  1718 
[Burlington  A,  193].  This  tract  was  sold  to  Boynton  and,  in 
T>art,  by  him  to  Allen. 

Samuel  Barber  bought  the  Drake  farm  and  sold  it  in  1800 
10  John  Peter  Sharp,  of  German  Valley.  The  latter  left  this 
property  to  his  son  John  in  the  year  1826.  The  last  named 
built  a  store,  which  is  still  in  use. 

At  the  cross-roads  a  tavern  was  once  kept  by  John  Hager, 
who  bought  the  farm  there  of  200  acres  from  Joseph  Arney  in 
1763,  who  had  bought  it  in  1736  from  William  Biddle,  of  Phil- 


Srarrtims  or  Schooliv's  Mouwtmn  171 

adeiphia.     Hsg«r  sold  to  Jonas  Smith  and  Smith  to  Jeremiah 
Pool,  17th  April,  1800. 

The  Boyntok  Tract 

■was  very  early,  divided  into  lots  of  100  and  200  acres. 

Lot  No.  1  was  bought  by  Thomas  Batson  and  sold  to  Peter 

Lot  2  was  bought  by  William  Allen  who  sold  to  Lambert 
Van  Sickle  and  he  to  Philip  Scheeler  and  the  latter  to  John 
Smith  in  1802. 

Lot  No.  3,  bought  by  Thomas  Batson,  was  sold  to  Samuel 
Shoemaker  and  by  him  to  Joshua  Howell,  1771. 

Amos  Grandin  bought  lot  15  of  nearly  400  acres,  and  Wil- 
liam Wire  purchased  319  acres  of  him  19th  September,  1804, 
Jonathan  Bilbee  bought  100  acres  of  this  land,  which  he  sold  m 
1839  to  James  Force,  the  father  of  Thomas,  the  present  owner. 
The  Raricks  and  Waterhouses  owned  a  considerable  number 
of  acres  on  this  tract. 

Daniel  Lawrence  gave  in  1768  a  mortgage  for  260  acres 
east  of  the  Boynton  tract. 

Silas  Drake  gave  a  mortgage  on  200  acres  north  of  the 
Schooley  tract  to  Magdalena  Cook  of  New  York. 

In  1796  Lockman  sells  100  acres  of  this  land  to  Benjamin 
Coleman  and  in  1802  the  rest  of  the  heirs  sell  the  same  to  John 
Coleman,  the  son  of  Benjamin. 

John  Kemple  sells  40  acres  of  the  remaining  hundred  to 
Jphn  Coleman  in  1802.  The  latter  sold  120  acres  to  Daniel 
Young  in  1818.  The  Schooley  tract  (200  acres)  was  sold  to 
Thomas  Culver  in  1749  by  Thomas  Batson. 

Thomas  Colver  (son  of  Thomas)  sold  46  acres  to  Jabesh 
Pembleton  in  1794,  to  whom  also  George  Colver  sold  18  acres 
in  1802. 

Amos  Colver  disposes  of  44  acres  in  1808  in  trust  tor  his 
daughter  Sarah  Van  Sickle. 

Matthias  Thomas  bought  the  Benjamin  Wright  tract  of  400 
acres  which  had  been  sold  before  1761  to  John  Eaton. 

Andreas  Flock  and  his  son  Matthias  bought  the  whole  600 

17*  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

acres  of  the  tract  surveyed  to  Collins  and  Gosling  and  sold  to 
Samuel  Furness  in  1720. 

David  Zofrin  (Sovereign)  bought  the  Daniel  Robbins  tract 
of  333  acres,  which  had  belonged  originally  to  Samuel  Johnson. 
Part  of  this  is  now  the  Robert  Durham  property. 

The  Schooley  tract  running  along  the  road  from  north  to 
south  was  formerly  owned  by  the  Ayres,  Forces,  Lefoy  and 
Hance  families. 

The  Hollinshead  Tract 

was  surveyed  to  Joseph  Hollinshead  24th  July,  1755,  and  con- 
tained 807  acres.  After  passing  through  several  hands  it  was 
conveyed  in  179810  Thomas  Bowlsby  and  Christian  Hoffman. 
By  the  latter  19  acres  were  sold  in  1799  to  Simon  Culver,  and 
25  to  Wm.  Little  ;  61  to  Jacob  Teeple  (the  Read  farm)  in  1826. 

Abraham  Dickerson  bought  90  acres  of  this  tract  from  Philip 
Flock,  which  is  now  in  the  possession  of  his  heirs. 

The  Hugh  Sharp  tract  of  400  acres,  west  of  the  Hollinshead, 
was  surveyed  13th  March,  1717,  and  was  sold  to  John  Sharp 
and  Ziba  Hazen,  his  son-in-law.  This  included  the  Hugh 
Menagh  farm. 

The  Francis  Davenport  tract,  south  of  the  road  running 
northwest  and  southeast  by  Flock's  school  house,  was  surveyed 
20th  October,  17 14,  and  contained  604  acres.  This  includes  the 
Searles  farm  (bought  by  William  Searles  in  1816),  the  Swack- 
hamer  and  Parker  places,  formerly  owned  by  Wm.  Hoffman  ; 
the  Rettie  Hunt  and  Elias  Howell  and  Orts  farms. 

George  Hager,  the  son  of  John,  bought  the  Beswick  tract 
of  330  acres,  taken  up  in  17 19,  about  1776,  but  repurchased  it  in 


is  situated  on  the  Elijah  Bond  tract  of  500  acres,  taken  up  24th 
July,  1751,  and  sold  to  Braithwaite  in  April,  1771. 

The  Terriberry  and  Sager  (now  the  Hiram  Petty  place), 
the  Seneca  Wise  and  Newton  Smith  farms,  are  included  in  this 

The  village  contains  a  hotel,  kept  by  Jacob  Drake  and  owned 
by  Mrs.  Rose,  the  blacksmith  shop  of  Mantius  Lindabury  and 
the  marble  yard  of  Thomas  Y.  Ward. 

Settlers  of  Schooley's  Mountain  173 

Between  the  Braithwaite  tract  and  the  valley  lands  Daniel 
Smith  had  taken  up  633  acres  along  the  side  of  the  mountain  in 
1763.  Of  this  133^  acres  were  sold  to  John  Sharp  in  1807  ; 
55  Yi  to  John  Hager  in  1795  ;  2134  to  Sharp  in  1807  ;  6434  to 
William  Nitser  in  1774  and  the  northern  end  of  144^  to  Sharp 
in  1807. 

South  of  the  Smith  lands  and  running  along  the  side  of  the 
mountain  was  the  tract  of  William  Hewlings. 

George  Beatty,  of  Trenton,  owned  the  land  between  Hew- 
lings and  Stevenson,  which  included  the  farms  of  Jacob  Duf- 
ford,  Henry  I.  Hoffman  and  Philip  Terriberry.  West  of  these 
was  the  farm  sold  by  Beatty  to  Joseph  Colver  in  1783. 

The  Stevenson  Tract 
of  2,550  acres,  taken  up  4th  May,  1713,  extends  from  the  Parker 
road  running  nearly  north  and  south  to  the  Pleasant  Grove 
road,  running  in  the  same  direction.  The  eastern  end  of  this 
survey  was  sold  in  1726,  by  the  executors  of  Stevenson  to 
Jacobus  Van  Sant  and  by  him  to  George  Wood  and  Simon 
Hilver,  and  by  them  to  William  Hilyer. 

Of  this  land  Abram  or  Thomas  Larew  sells  200  acres  to 
David  Welsh  in  April,  1801,  and  David  Welsh  in  October,  1801, 
conveys  106  acres  to  Richard  Gray  and  49  to  Conrad  Rarick. 
North  of  this  latter  lot  were  160  acres  which  Conrad  Rarick  in 
1839  conveyed  to  C.  H.  Hendershot. 

Amos  Gray  in  1801  owns  80  acres  east  of  Rarick,  which  John 
Gray  conveys  in  1835  to  Abram  Emmons. 

Matthias  Dufford  bought  a  farm  of  185  acres,  west  of 
Rarick  and  Larew,  of  William  Hilyer  in  1775  for  ^462. 

West  of  Dufford  is  the  "still  house  lot"  of  79  acres  which 
was  sold  by  John  Sharp  in  1809  to  Doughty,  Ralston  &  Co. 

North  of  this  farm  were  the  112  acres  sold  1779  by  Joseph 
Culver  to  Joseph  Heath  for  $750.  Of  these  112  acres  20  were 
bought  from  Thomas  Mill  and  Nancy  in  1787,  30  from  Richard 
Mann  in  1793  and  the  rest  were  inherited  from  Robert  Colver. 
This  farm  now  belongs  to  William  Marsh's  estate. 

The  next  farm  also  formcily  owned  by  H.  W.  Hunt,  Esq., 
also  belonged  to  Robert  Colver. 

William  Hevn  purchased  350  acres  of  the  Stevenson  tract 

174  ErARLT  Gkrmans  of  Nkw  Jxrsky 

in  1745  of  Samuel  School«y  and  his  wife  Avis,  of  Bethlehem 
township,  Hunterdon  Co.  This  land  Schooley  had  bought  of 
Isaac  DeCou  in  1726. 

The  Schooleys,  after  whom  the  mountain  was  named,  came 
from  England  to  Burlington.  There  were  several  families  of 
them.  Samuel  who  sold  land  to  Wm.  Henn  was  the  son  of 
Thomas,  who  came  to  the  above  city  in  1678.  He  was  residing 
in  Bethlehem  township  when  he  sold  his  land  on  the  mountain 
and  probably  never  resided  here. 

Robert,  the  son  of  William — perhaps  a  cousin  of  Samuel — 
who  owned  land  at  Draketown,  is  said  to  have  resided  there 
until  he  removed  to  Randolph  in  1740,  where  he  bought  600 
acres  of  the  Kirkbride  tract.     The  family  were  Quakers. 

Robert  Colver  bought  of  William  Cook  in  1748  265  acres 
west  of  Henn.  This  included  what  is  now  the  Martenis  farm. 
This  Robert  was  the  son  of  John  and  grandson  of  John  Sr., 
who  came  from  New  London  before  1732.  His  brother  Thomas 
settled  near  Draketown.  They  came  from  Monmouth  Co., 
having  gone  thither  from  the  mountain. 

Thomas  Nunn  was  in  possession  in  1764  of  200  acres  west  of 
the  Henn  property.  He  left  his  property  to  his  two  sons  Ben- 
jamin and  Thomas,  and  the  latter's  right  became  vested  in 
Joshua  Nunn,  grandson  of  Thomas.  Joshua  sold  to  David 
Colver  in  1788  and  Colver  to  Philip  Hann,  and  Peter  Woolf, 
surviving  executor  of  Thomas,  the  elder,  sold  the  other  half  to 
John  Bacon  who  sold  to  Philip  Hann  and  Hann  sold  the  whole 
in  1803  to  James  Hance. 

Lawrence  Hann  owned  the  farm  on  which  the  Pleasant 
Grove  church  and  parsonage  stand. 

Caleb  Swayzey  bought  the  next  farm  of  197  acres  in  1793  of 
Andrew  Little.  Caleb  was  the  sixth  child  of  Barnabas  Swazey 
who  came  from  Southold,  L.  I.,  to  Roxbury  in  1737.  He  was  a 
cousin  to  Israel  Swazey,  who  owned  the  farm  below  the  min- 
eral spring. 

Robert  Colver,  Jr.,  bought  the  next  farm,  containing  140 
acres,  of  Edward  Taylor,  of  Amwell  township,  in  1774.  The 
farm  had  come  from  Stevenson  to  DeCou  (as  part  of  500  pur- 

Sbtt&ers  or  ScHOocev's  Mountain  j^j 

chased  in  17 14)  and  from  DeCou  to  Freegift  Stout  and  from 
his  executors  to  Taylor. 

The  Hugh  Sharp  tract  of  230  acres,  south  of  Stevenson's, 
surveyed  in  17 15,  included  the  farm  of  106  acres  sold  by  Jere- 
miah Bacon  in  1786  to  James  Hance  and  that  sold  to  Daniel 
Dilts  in  1802. 

Philip  Terryberrv  purchased  very  early  the  farm  which  he 
sold  in  1784  to  Jacob  Dufford.  Between  Dufford  and  Dilts  was 
the  farm  of  Henry  H.  Hoffman. 

The  Henry  I.  Hoffman  farm  was  once  owned  by  Frederick 
Young.  It  was  sold  in  1775  by  Nathan  to  Joseph  Colver,  by 
Colver  in  1795  to  Fred.  Young,  by  Young  in  1806  to  John  Hoff- 
man and  by  him  in  1808  to  Henry  I.  Hoffman.  Henry  I. 
Hoffman  was  a  son  of  John  Hoffman  and  a  grandson  of  Henry, 
who  probably  came  from  New  York  State  to  New  Jersey. 
Henry  I.  was  a  prominent  elder  in  the  Presbyterian  Church 
of  the  Valley. 

The  farm  of  the  late  Mrs.  George  Lindaberry,  originally  124 
acres,  was  sold  by  George  Beatty,  of  Trenton,  to  Joseph  Colver 
and  by  Colver  in  1799  to  Philip  Terryberrv. 

The  Morgan  Tract  included  the  Hann  farm  formerly  be- 
longing to  Terryberrys,  upon  part  of  which  the  Dorincourt 
house  now  stands. 

The  Bond  Tract  of  500  acres  was  taken  up  24th  July,  1751, 
and  was  sold  to  Braithwaite  in  177 1.  Two  hundred  and  forty- 
two  acres  of  this  land  was  sold  15th  April,  1795,  by  Jos.  Colver 
to  David  Welsh.  This  included  the  Seneca  Wise  farm  and  the 
village  of  Springtown  ;  the  Hiram  Petty  farm  formerly  owned 
first  by  John  Sager,  and  then  by  John  Terry  berry  ;  and  part  of 
the  Philip  Terryberrv  property. 

The  Benjamin  Hunter  Tract  of  750  acres  was  bounded  on 
the  east  by  the  road  at  Pleasant  Grove  from  the  store  to  the 
county  line.  It  was  taken  up  October,  17 14,  and  included  the 
John  P.  Sharp  farm,  probably  owned  in  1764  by  George  Eick, 
the  Hann  farm  and  the  Walters  place,  sold  in  1818  by  Edward 
Sharp  to  T.  and  J.  Walters.  West  of  these  farms  was  the 
Conrad  Honness  place. 

The  first  land  purchased  by  a  resident  on  the  mountain  was 

176  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

the  farm  afterwards  in  possession  of  J.  Beatty.  This  was  sold 
March  1st,  1733,  to  William  Pew,  of  Lebanon,  by  Thomas 
Schooley,  of  Bethlehem,  Hunterdon  Co.  It  contained  1 36  acres 
and  was  afterwards  owned  by  P.  Sailor. 

The  Elijah  Bond  Tract  of  438  acres  next  to  the  mineral 
spring  was  taken  up  in  1719  and  sold  to  DeCou  and  321  acres 
of  it  were  sold  by  him  to  Charles  Drake  in  1779.  William 
Drake,  the  son  of  Charles,  bought  the  eastern  part  (135  acres) 
in  1807  and  Israel  Swayzey,  son-in-law  of  Chas.  Drake,  bought 
the  western  end  of  175  acres.  The  lot  containing  the  spring  of 
ten  acres  was  not  included  in  William  Drake's  farm. 

The  English  settlement,  through  which  the  road  from  the 
springs  to  Hackettstown  passes,  formed  part  of  the  large 
Beswick  tract  of  1072  acres.  Several  families  of  English  people 
settled  upon  this  land  at  the  beginning  of  this  century.  They 
were  the  Rawlings,  Ruslings  and  DeRoses.  Some  dispute 
arose  as  to  the  title  and  an  agreement  was  entered  into  25th 
September,  181 7,  in  consequence  of  which  a  new  survey  was 
made  and  the  land  was  divided  into  lots  and  assigned  to  James 
Upjohn,  James  Rusling  and  Anthony  Rawlings,  so  far  at  least 
as  to  give  them  the  share  of  Ann  Bland,  while  the  rest  went  to 
the  heirs  of  Ann  Dickerson,  the  other  heir  of  Francis  Beswick. 

Judge  Aaron  Robertson  owned  part  of  the  southern  end  of 
this  tract.  South  of  and  next  to  the  Beswick  came  the  Samuel 
Johnson  survey  of  364  acres  (taken  up  in  1755)  consisting  mostly 
of  wood  land. 

Moore  Furman  sold  to  Henry  Hance  278  acres  along  the 
Musconetcong  in  1794.  This  farm  was  joined  on  the  west  by 
James  Matins  vho  had  settled  on  his  farm  at  least  before  the 
year  1755. 

Stephensburg  owes  its  name  to  the  family  upon  whose  land 
the  place  is  situated.  This  land  was  purchased  before  1800  by 
Samuel  Stephens,  the  son  of  Richard,  of  Mt.  Olive.  Robert 
Colver  Stephens,  the  son  of  Samuel,  was  an  elder  in  the  Pleas- 
ant Grove  church  and  was  a  fervent  christian  and  an  active 
business  man  as  shown  by  his  diary,  which  is  still  in  existence. 

In  1750  John  Rockhill  surveyed  "to  Jonathan  Robeson  a 

Settlers  of  Schooley's  Mountain  177 

tract  of  ioo  acres,  besides  allowances,  north  of  the  Stevenson 
tract  and  next  to  the  mineral  spring  lot. 

Schooley's  Mountain  Spring:. 
has  been  a  resort  for  visitors  in  pursuit  of  health  for  over  a 
hundred  years.  In  the  year  1770  Dr.  Henry  M.  Muehlenberg, 
while  visiting-  in  this  vicinity,  tested  the  virtues  of  this  spring- 
then  "recently  discovered."  It  was  probably  long  known  to 
the  Indians  and  its  medicinal  properties  taken  advantage  of  by 

In  Morse's  Geography,  published  in  1789,  the  following 
account  is  given  of  this  spring,  which  seems  to  have  become  a 
place  of  general  resort  even  thus  early: 

In  the  county  of  Hunterdon  near  the  top  of  the  Musconetcong  mountain  there 
is  a  noted  medicinal  spring,  to  which  invalids  resort  from  every  quarter.  It  issues 
from  the  side  of  the  mountain  in  a  very  romantic  manner,  and  it  is  conveyed  into 
an  artificial  reservoir  for  the  accommodation  of  those  who  wish  to  bathe  in.  as  well 
as  to  drink,  the  waters.  It  is  a  strong  chalybeate  and  very  cold.  These  waters 
have  been  used  with  very  considerable  success,  but  perhaps  the  exercise  necessarv 
to  get  to  them,  and  the  purity  of  the  air  in  this  lofty  situation,  aided  by  a  livel".- 
imagination.  have  as  great  efficacy  in  curing  the  patient,  xs  the  waters. 

Ill  1810  Professor  Mitchell,  of  Columbia  College,  made. an 
analysis  of  the  waters  of  the  spring  and  announced  as  a  result 
that  "if  there  is  anything  that  deserves  the  name  of  a  pure 
chalybeate  water  in  the  world,  this  would  seem  to  be  .such  a 

The  popularity  of  this  spring  made  it  necessary  to  provide 
some  accommodations  for  the  visitors  who  resorted  thither. 
Before  the  close  of  the  last  century  Joseph  Heath  erected  a 
house  to  accommodate  boarders.  This  building  is  still  stand- 
ing. About  1809  another  building  was  erected.  In  181- 
Ephraim  Marsh,  a  son-in-law  of  Joseph  Heath,  became  asso- 
ciated with  him  in  the  hotel  business  and  erected  the  main 
buildings  of  the  group  now  known  as  the  Heath  House. 

Belmont  Hall,  recently  enlarged  and  now  known  as  "  The 
Dorincourt,'  was  first  erected  about  1820  by  Conover  Bowne  of 
New  York.  It  was  afterwards  owned  in  succession  by  William 
Gibbons,  of  Madison,  then  by  his  daughter,  Mrs.  Francis 
Lathrop,    then    by  Edward    Holland  and   finally  by   the   late 

178  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

David  Crowell.  At  Mr.  Crowell's  death  the  house  was  started 
anew  under  a  different  name  and  with  greatly  increased  accom- 

The  Hon.  Ephraim  Marsh  was  the  most  prominent  man  on 
the  mountain  in  his  day.  He  was  bqrn  at  Mendham  in  1796 
and  died  on  the  mountain  in  1864.  He  came  to  the  mountain 
in  1816  as  a  manager  for  Joseph  Heath.  He  represented  the 
county  in  both  houses  of  the  legislature  ;  was  county  judge  ;  a 
member  of  the  N.  J.  Constitutional  Convention  and  President 
of  the  Morris  Canal  Company.  His  management  of  the  Heath 
House  brought  it  into  national  fame  and  very  many  of  the 
prominent  public  men  of  the  time  before  the  war,  sought  enter- 
tainment at  the  springs. 

The  late  William  W.  Marsh,  the  son  of  Judge  Ephraim,  in- 
herited the  public  spirit  of  his  father  and  filled  a  large  place  in 
the  community  up  to  the  day  of  his  death. 

The  Indians 
have  left  some  evident  traces  of  their  early  existence  upon  the 
mountain.  Three  Indian  paths  are  referred  to  in  old  surveys. 
One  crossing  the  South  Branch  at  Middle  Valley  and  passing 
through  Pleasant  Grove,  another  crossing  the  mountain  above 
the  mill  at  Two  Bridges,  above  Naughright,  and  a  third  pass- 
ing down  the  mountain  near  the  spring. 

An  Indian  camping  ground  was  once  to  be  found  on  the 
Ayer's  farm  near  Draketown,  and  what  were  called  "  The 
Indian  Fields"  was  situated  between  the  latter  place  and  Hack- 
ettstown.  Hiram  and  Tim,  two  Indians,  with  their  squaws 
and  papooses  were  living  on  the  mountain  fifty  or  sixty  years 
ago.  All  the  land  in  Warren  and  Sussex  and  this  part  of 
Morris  counties  belonged  to  what  was  called  "  the  last  Indian 
purchase  above  the  falls  of  the  Delaware." 

The  Rogerenes 
were  the  first   religious   body   in    this  section.     This  peculiar 
body  of  sectarians  were  led  apparently  by  a  desire  to  cultivate 
undisturbed  their  strange  form  of  religious  life,  in  seeking  this 
frontier  so  far  distant  from  their  home  in  New  London,  Conn. 

John  Colver  was  their  leader  and  he  brought  with  him  to 

Settlers  of  Schooley's  Mountain  179 

this  wilderness  in  1732  his  children  and  their  families  to  the 
number  of  twenty-one  persons.  Other  families  affiliated  with 
them,  such  as  the  Tuttles,  Burrows,  Manns,  Weirs,  Waterhouses, 
Lambs,  Pechers  (Pishers  ?),  Salmons  and  Owens. 

They  removed  from  Schooley  Mountain  after  three  years  to 
Monmouth  Co.,  whence  they  returned  hither  after  eleven  years. 
Where  they  worshipped  on  the  mountain  we  cannot  tell, 
but  they  had  a  house  of  worship,  referred  to  in  Smith's  History 
of  New  Jersey  (1765),  near  the  point  where  the  road  from 
Mountain  Pond  joins  the  highway  from  Rustic  to  Mount  Arl- 
ington. They  had  a  graveyard  near  Silver  Spring  about  a 
furlong  from  Lake  Hopatcong.  Some  removed  to  the  Red 
Stone  country  or  Virginia.  (See  Dover  Era  July  18th,  1S90.) 
Sandford's  History  of  Connecticut  (p.  141)  speaks  of  them 
as  follows  :  "  Some  trouble  was  caused  by  a  sect  known  as  the 
Rogerenes  that  flourished  mostly  in  the  neighborhood  of  New 
London.  While  their  doctrines  were  obnoxious  to  their  neigh- 
bors the  principal  annoyance  came  through  the  indecencies  of 
dress  and  behavior  that  marked  the  more  than  eccentric  actions 
of  this  peculiar  people.  Holding  the  views  of  the  Seventh  Day 
Baptists  they  added  notions  of  their  own  both  eccentric  and 

They  were  strenuously  orthodox  in  their  belief,  holding  to 
the  doctrines  of  the  Trinity,  of  salvation  in  Christ,  the  new 
birth,  the  resurrection  and  eternal  judgment.  But  to  these 
they  added  their  peculiar  views,  in  which  they  largely  resem- 
bled the  Society  of  Friends.  To  them  all  days  were  alike  and 
it  was  lawful  to  labor  after  worship  on  the  Lord's  Day.  They 
were  opposed  to  the  taking  of  oaths  and  to  audible  prayer, 
except  when  moved  by  the  spirit.  Any  resort  in  sickness  to 
physicians  or  the  use  of  medicine  was  sinful.  They  abhorred 
such  adjuncts  to  worship  of  God  as  church  steeples,  pulpits  and 
cushions,  a  paid  minister  or  even  a  separate  church  building. 
Nor  did  they  approve  of  monuments  to  the  dead.  They  gloried 
in  suffering  for  their  belief  and  even  courted  tl.  \  penalties  of 
the  whipping  post,  fines  and  imprisonment.  The  '  were  accus- 
tomed to  attend  the  service  of  the  churches  an  1  carry  their 
work  into  the  church  with  them.     This  they  are  said  to  have 


Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

done  in  the  year  1770  in  the  churches  both  of  Mendham  and 
Basking  Ridge.  This  sect  was  originated  in  the  year  1674  by 
John  Rogers,  whose  father  James  was  a  baker  in  New  London, 
and  the  richest  man  in  the  colony  next  to  Governor  Winthrop. 
It  is  still  in  existence.     \Manijuaring 's  Hist,  of  New  London]. 



has  been  a  place  of  resort  probably  since 
the  year  1770.  About  1825  it  became 
more  widely  known  and  patronized.  The 
native  population  was  sparse  and  scat- 
tered and  its  religious  conveniences  and 
accommodations  very  few  and  uncertain. 
At  that  time  the  visitors  being  largely  religious  people  felt  the 
need  of  better  opportunities  for  public  worship,  while  staying 
upon  the  mountain.  Their  liberality  combined  with  the  enter- 
prise of  some  influential  people  among  the  permanent  residents 
resulted  in  a  successful  effort  to  build  a  cluirch. 

This  was  designed  to  be  a  union  church  in  which  clergymen 
of  all  denominations,  either  visitors  or  settled  in  the  neighbor- 
hood, would  be  welcome  to  hold  religious  service.  In  order 
the  better  to  secure  this  end,  the  ground  upon  which  the  church 
was  erected  was  deeded  to  the  trustees  of  the  Theological 
Seminary  at  Princeton  in  trust  for  a  site  upon  which  should  be 
erected  a  building  for  the  religious  worship  of  "  all  denomina- 
tions of  christians." 

The  building  was  of  stone  and  had  seating  room  for  200 
people.  It  was  of  two  stories,  the  upper  room  being  used  as  a 
school  room,  and  cost  altogether  about  six  hundred  dollars.    It 

182  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

was  dedicated  on  the  7th  of  August,  1825,  by  the  Rev.  Dr. 
Pohlman,  then  the  pastor  of  the  Lutheran  Church  of  German 
Valley,  N.  J.  The  building  when  completed  was,  by  the  trus- 
tees of  the  seminary,  placed  in  the  hands  of  a  committee  of 
three,  consisting  of  the  Rev.  Dr.  Campbell,  of  Hackettstown, 
Ephraim  Marsh,  an  elder  in  the  same  church,  and  Dr.  Pohlman. 

From  that  time  forth  visitors  on  the  mountain  heard  the 
gospel  preached  by  clergyman  of  every  denomination  ;  Episco- 
palians, Baptists,  Lutherans,  Presbyterians  and  Methodists. 
The  pastors  of  neighboring  churches  took  their  turn  in  con- 
ducting service  on  Sabbath  afternoons. 

When  in  the  course  of  time  the  old  stone  chapel  became 
unfit  for  use  and  was  removed,  the  community  felt  the  need  of 
a  larger  and  more  comfortable  building  in  which,  as  in  the  pre 
vious  structure,  union  services  might  be  regularly  maintained. 
With  this  end  in  view  the  present  large  and  elegant  building 
was  erected  and  dedicated  on  the  7th  of  August,  1870. 

Upon  this  occasion  the  Rev.  Dr.  Moffat,  of  Princeton  Theo- 
logical Seminary,  preached  a  sermon,  and  the  Rev.  Dr.  Pohl- 
man, of  the  Lutheran  Church  of  Albany,  who  had  dedicated 
the  old  stone  chapel  forty-five  years  before,  offered  the  dedi- 
catory prayer.  The  basement  was  fitted  up  for  the  purposes 
of  the  Sabbath  school,  and  the  structure  cost  altogether  $13,000. 

A  Large  Revival 

occurred  in  the  year  1874.  Rev.  Samuel  Sawyer,  pastor  at 
Pleasant  Grove,  began  a  series  of  meetings,  a  week  before 
Christmas,  in  that  year,  and  soon  found  he  had  not  been  mis- 
taken in  his  belief  that  a  deep  religious  thoughtfulness  was 
prevalent  throughout  the  community.  These  meetings  were 
continued  for  six  weeks  or  more,  with  very  little  intermission, 
the  clergymen  of  the  neighboring  churches  occasionally  aiding 
in  the  services.  It  was  a  most  remarkable  work  of  grace, 
reaching  almost  every  family,  and  in  some  instances,  every 
member  of  a  family,  until  as  many  as  seventy  were  indulging 
a  hope  of  salvation  through  Christ.  It  now  became  a  matter 
of  serious  consideration  how  to  care  for  these  new  converts 
After  careful  and  mature  deliberation  it  was  decided  to  organ- 

Schooley's  Mountain  Presbyterian  Chukch  183 

ize  an  independent  congregation.     Neighboring  congregations 
with  one  exception  bid  the  new  enterprise,  "God-speed." 

As  a  result  of  the  application  to  the  Presbytery  of  Morris 
and  Orange,  a  committee  was  appointed  by  that  bod}-  and  met 
in  the  chapel  of  the  church  of  Schooler's  Mountain  on  Wednes- 
day, March  17th,  1875,  au<^  proceeded  to  organize  the  church. 
An  able  and  instructive  sermon  was  preached  by  Dr.  Alfred 
Yeomans,  of  Orange,  and  Rev.  Messrs.  Mix  and  Souper,  the 
other  members  of  the  committee,  also  took  part  in  the  impres- 
sive service.  Twenty-four  persons,  principally  from  the 
churches  of  German  Valley,  Hackettstown  and  Pleasant  Grove, 
signified  their  desire  to  become  members  of  the  new  organiza- 
tion. Messrs.  Wm.  W.  Marsh  and  H.  W.  Hunt  were  chosen  as 
elders.  The  membership  was  increased  at  the  next  commun- 
ion to  the  number  of  seventy-five. 

The  first  minister  regularly  supplying  this  church  was  the 
Rev.  Samuel  Sawyer,  who  became  stated  supply  on  the  15th 
of  April,  1876,  having  previously  resigned  as  pastor  of  the 
Pleasant  Grove  Church.  He  only  remained  one  year,  when  he 
removed  to  the  West.  Services  were  regularly  maintained  by 
different  supplies,  until  the  Rev.  E.  P.  Linnell,  of  the  Presby- 
terian Church  of  German  Valley,  began  regular  service  even' 
Sabbath  afternoon,  and  continued  from  December  1st,  1878,  to 
June  1st,  1879.  The  church  was  again  served  by  temporary 
supplies,  for  a  period,  until  the  Rev.  J  .  Kinsey  Smith  was  called 
to  be  the  first  pastor,  October  15th,  1882.  He  was  ordained 
and  installed  October  26th,  1SS2.  He  remained  for  four  years, 
when  he  accepted  a  call  in  March,  1886,  to  the  Church  of  Mt. 
Washington,  Md.  Very  soon  afterwards.  23d  May,  1886,  the 
Rev.  William  J.  Gill,  D.  D.,  became  the  stated  supply,  to  be 
soon,  1 2th  December,  188O,  elected  pastor.  By  a  mysterious 
providence  this  relationship  was  of  but  short  duration  and  was 
terminated  by  the  death  of  Dr.  Gill  in  the  spring  of  1887. 
During  his  ministry  the  church  on  the  mountain  was  united 
into  one  pastorate  with  the  church  of  Beattystown.  Dr.  Gill 
was  born  in  the  North  of  Ireland,  and  had  spent  the  first  years 
of  his  ministry  in  Europe,  and  had  been  settled  over  churches 
in  Baltimore  and  Brooklyn. 

184  Eart.y  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

The  Rev.  E.  P.  Crane,  of  Rutherford,  spent  six  months  on 
the  mountain  as  supply  to  the  church,  from  June  till  December, 
1887.  He  resigned  to  accept  the  position  of  American  Consul 
at  Stuttgart,  Germany,  a  step  to  which  he  was  impelled  by  his 
impaired  state  of  health. 

The  present  minister-in-charge  is  the  Rev.  Hugh  SmytHE, 
who  has  been  ministering  to  this  people  since  the  15  th  of 
January,  1888.  Mr.  Smythe  was  born  in  the  North  of  Ireland, 
is  a  graduate  of  Princeton  College,  and  in  his  Theological  edu- 
cation has  enjoyed  the  advantages  of  the  educational  institu- 
tions at  Belfast,  Ireland,  and  Geneva,  Switzerland.  He  had 
been  the  pastor  for  four  years  of  the  Broadway  church,  Cin- 
cinnati, and  for  eight  years  of  a  Presbyterian  church  in  Eliza- 
beth. He  has  had  four  brothers,  all  of  whom  were  ministers, 
and  two  sisters,  both  of  whom  married  ministers. 

Of  the  elders,  besides  W.  W.  Marsh,  recently  deceased,  and 
H.  W.  Hunt,  ordained  17th  March,  1875,  there  are  Thomas  Y. 
Ward,  ordained  18th  April,  1875,  Lawrence  H.  Hunt  and  J. 
Newton  Smith,  ordained  1894.  The  above  history  has  been 
compiled  from  the  session  book  of  the  church,  which  is  a  model 
of  completeness  and  accuracy.  This  church  is  a  living  instance 
of  what  may  be  done  in  the  way  of  sustaining  the  continuous 
and  regular  worship  of  the  sanctuary  in  the  face  of  great  diffi- 
culties and  discouragements.  In  this  respect  the  self-sacrifice 
and  public  spirit  of  Messrs.  Marsh  and  Hunt  cannot  be  too 
highly  appreciated. 




By  Rev.  William  J.  Mewhinney. 

|N  OLD  STONE  CHURCH  in  which  the 
congregation  of  Pleasant  Grove  wor- 
shipped for  more  than  fifty  years,  was 
probably  completed  in  the  year  1S06, 
certainly  in  1807.  The  congregation 
assumed  the  name  of  Pleasant  Grove  in 
1807.  Whether  a  log  house  of  worship 
preceded  the  erection  of  the  stone  church  it  has  been  impos- 
sible to  ascertain. 

Pleasant  Grove  applied  to  the  Presbytery  of  Xew  Bruns- 
wick for  the  appointment  of  ministers  to  supply  its  pulpit  both 
at  the  spring  and  fall  meetings  in  the  year  1808.  Rev.  Wm.  B. 
Sloan,  of  Mansfield  and  Greenwich,  Rev.  Garner  A.  Hunt 
(uncle  of  Rev.  H.  W.  Hunt,  Jr.),  and  Rev.  Joseph  Campbell, 
preached  in  the  church  as  the  result  of  these  applications. 
Toward  the  last  named, 

Rev.  Joseph  Campbell, 
then  but  recently  licensed  to  preach  the  gospel,  the  congregations 
of  Independence,  Hackettstown  and  Pleasant  Grove,  turned  as  the 
man  they  desired  to  be  their  pastor.  Some  time  before  the  first 
of  April,  1809,  these  congregations  held  meetings  respectively, 
and  voted  to  make  out  a  call. 

Mr.  Campbell  accepted  this  call  at  the  meeting  of  the  Pres- 

iS6  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

bytery  which  began  April  25th,  1809.  He  was  ordained  and 
installed  at  Hackettstown  on  the  thirteenth  day  of  June,  1809. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Campbell  was  about  thirty-two  or  thirty-three 
years  of  age  at  the  time  of  his  installation.  His  birthplace  was 
Omagh,  in  the  North  of  Ireland.  He  emigrated  to  America 
with  his  parents  in  1797,  at  the  age  of  nineteen  or  twenty.  In 
1  So  1  he  was  married  to  Miss  Abigail  Denton,  who  came  with 
him  to  Hackettstown.  He  acquired  his  scientific  and  literary 
education  under  Dr.  Smith,  of  Nassau  Hall,  now  Princeton 
University,  teaching  school  in  Princeton  while  he  was  doing  so. 
He  studied  theology  with  Dr.  Woodhull,  of  Freehold.  The 
churches  of  Independence  and  Pleasant  Grove  were  his  first 
charge.  Mr.  Campbell  conducted  two  services  at  Pleasant 
Grove  every  third  Sabbath,  with  a  brief  intermission  between 
them.  He  was  an  able  preacher,  both  as  respects  the  matter 
and  the  deliver}-  of  his  sermons.  A  volume  of  these,  published 
two  years  after  his  death  (1842)  furnishes  very  interesting 
testimony  to  the  quality  of  his  discourses.  A  man  who  knew 
him  wrote  :  "  His  delivery  was  deliberate,  earnest  and  impres- 
sive, though  somewhat  marked  by  the  Scotch-Irish  pronuncia- 
tion. Those  who  have  personal  recollections  of  his  pulpit 
appearance  will  remember  the  peculiar  smile  he  wore,  which 
was  not  banished  even  when  his  tears  flowed." 

The  "  Old  Stone  Church"  in  which  Mr.  Campbell  preached 
stood  where  the  present  church  stands.  The  building  was  a 
plain  structure,  without  bell-tower  or  cupola.  It  had  galleries 
on  three  sides  and  was  heated  by  charcoal  fire.  The  pulpit 
stood  in  the  north  end  of  the  church.  It  was  a  small,  box-like 
structure,  built  high  up  against  the  wall,  supported  by  a  tall 
post  and  reached  by  a  winding  stair  on  either  side. 

Conrad  Honness,  James  Hance  and  Lawrence  Hann,  of 
Pleasant  Grove,  Peter  Lance  and  his  son  John,  of  Little  Brook, 
and  Samuel  Stephens,  his  son  Robert,  and  William  Hance,  of 
Stephensburgh,  were  all  conspicuous  members  of  the  congre- 
gation in  that  day.  Conrad  Honness,  of  Pleasant  Grove,  Peter 
Lance,  of  Little  Brook,  and  Samuel  Stewart,  were  probably 
chosen  members  of  the  first  session.     James  Hance  was  elected 

The  Presbyterian  Church  of  Pleasant  Grove  187 

elder  about  1818  ;  John  Lance  was  a  member  of  session  in  1826 
and  John  Lindaberry  in  1827. 

How  many  members  of  the  church  there  were  in  1809  or 
who  were  admitted  into  the  church  from  that  time  till  1826, 
there  is  no  record  to  show.  From  1826  until  1830  thirty-five 
were  added  to  the  church — thirty-four  of  them  confessing 
Christ  publicly  for  the  first  time. 

Mr.  H.  W.  Hunt,  Jr.,  a  young  member  of  Newton  Presby- 
tery, seems  to  have  become  the  stated  supply  of  Pleasant  Grove 
and  Danville,  the  out  stations  under  Dr.  Campbell,  on  April  21, 
1 83 1.  Pleasant  Grove  was  still  under  Dr.  Campbell's  pastoral 
oversight.  Dr.  Campbell  resigned  the  pastorate  of  Pleasant 
Grove  in  the  spring  of  1832,  and  Rev.  H.  W.  Hunt,  Jr.,  was 
installed  as  pastor  in  November  of  that  same  year. 

Rev.   H.  Whitefield  Hunt,  Jr., 

was  the  son  of  Rev.  H.  W.  Hunt,  an  able  and  popular  minister 
in  Hunterdon  county.  The  son  was  born  at  Sparta,  N.  J.,  Jan. 
8th,  1799.  He  graduated  from  Princeton  College  in  1820,  and 
spent  one  year  in  Princeton  Theological  Seminary.  In  1822  he 
became  a  home  missionary,  and  made  a  missionary  tour  through 
New  York  and  Pennsylvania.  He  was  licensed  by  the  Pres- 
bytery of  Newton  October  4th,  1821,  and  ordained  by  the  same 
body  on  the  29th  of  November,  1S23.  From  1823  till  1826  he 
was  stated  supply  of  the  churches  of  Alexandria  and  Kingwood 
under  his  father.  In  1826  he  became  the  teacher  of  a  prepara- 
tory school  at  Schooley's  Mountain,  and  was  occupied  thus  till 
he  became  the  preacher  of  Pleasant  Grove.  He  was  a  man  of 
medium  height,  fair  complexion,  and  in  his  later  years  of 
portly  figure.  One  has  written  of  him,  "  Rev.  Mr.  Hunt  was  a 
classical  scholar,  thorough  and  solid  in  his  attainments,  he  had 
a  warm  heart,  was  a  devoted  friend,  and  an  able  and  eloquent 
preacher  of  the  word."  He  was  an  earnest,  energetic  and 
effective  worker,  and  a  good  pastor.  His  death  occurred  on 
the  29th  of  January,  1868,  eight  years  after  he  resigned  the 
pastorate  of  this  church. 

Forty-six  were  received  on  confession  of  faith  and  six  by 
letter,  during  that  ten  years  from  1832-43.     It  was  in  the  latter 

188  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

year  that  the  harvest  time  came.  Sixty-six  were  added  to  the 
church  on  confession,  and  two  entered  by  letter  from  another 
church.  Fifty-two  of  these  were  converted  during  a  series  of 
special  services,  lasting  from  the  last  Sabbath  in  October 
until  Sunday  December  9th.  During  the  period  from  January 
1st,  1844,  until  January  1st,  1857,  only  thirty-two  were  received 
into  the  church  on  profession  of  their  faith  and  nine  by  letter. 
When  the 

New  Church 

was  opened  in  1858,  twenty-four,  exclusive  of  those  received 
from  Lower  German  Valley,  were  added  to  the  church.  Sixteen 
of  these  made  their  first  public  confession  of  Christ. 

In  1847  the  trustees  received  a  deed  for  a  plot  of  ground  on 
the  south  side  of  what  was  then  the  graveyard,  the  gift  of  Mrs. 
Maria  H.  Hunt.  This  was  the  first  of  that  series  of  benefac- 
tions which  only  ceased  at  her  death. 

When  the  old  stone  church  was  remodeled  is  not  known. 
That  was  done,  doubtless,  soon  after  Mr.  Hunt  became  pastor. 

These  changes  sufficed  until  April,  1857.  A  movement  to 
build  a  new  church  was  then  started.     On  the   12th  of  April, 

1857,  the  last  communion  was  held  in  "the  old  house  which 
had  stood  for  more  than  half  a  century."  It  was  torn  down 
very  soon  after,  and  on  the  ground  where  it  stood,  but  facing 
east  and  west,  the  new  house  was  placed.  This  new  building 
is,  substantially,  the  church  of  to-day.     On  the  17th  of  April, 

1858,  the  new  edifice  had  been  finished,  and  the  session  met  in 
it  for  the  first  time. 

Mr.  Hunt  was  stated  supply  of  Danville,  probably,  from  1831 
until  1836.  He  was  pastor  of  the  Lower  German  Valley  Church 
from  the  latter  year  until  April  8th,  1856.  In  that  year  it 
appears  from  a  meagre  record  of  the  Second  Mansfield  church 
he  became  its  pastor,  and  held  that  position  till  he  resigned 
both  it  and  Pleasant  Grove. 

In  April,  i860,  Mr.  Hunt  had  the  pastoral  relation,  which 
had  existed  for  more  than  twenty-eight  years,  dissolved.  Heavy 
financial  responsibility,  which  devolved  upon  him  at  that  time, 
was  the  reason  for  his  action.  He  left  the  church  in  a  prosper- 
ous condition,  with  a  new  house  of  worship,  and  a  membership 

The  Presbyterian  Church  of  Pleasant  Grove         189 

of  141  persons.  He  had  done  his  work  faithfully  and  disinter- 
estedly. Though  thirty  years  have  passed  by  he  is  still  lovingly 
called  "Our  old  pastor." 

Two  pastors  had  come  before  another  decade  elapsed.     The 
first  of  these, 

Rev.  Gilbert  Lane, 

was  called  prior  to  September,  i860,  when  he  began  his  work 
as  joint  pastor  of  Pleasant  Grove  and  Second  Mansfield.  He 
was  installed  at  Pleasant  Grove  May  1st,  1861.  He  was  pastor 
of  the  church  but  two  years,  when  he  resigned,  and  devoted  his 
whole  time  to  Second  Mansfield. 
Rev.  Mr.  Lane  was  succeeded  by 

Rev.  James  H.  Clark. 

He  had  supplied  the  pulpit  subject  to  Mr.  Hunt's  oversight  in 
1859,  and  had  made  some  strong  friendships  and  awakened  a 
most  enthusiastic  desire  to  have  him  for  a  settled  pastor  at  that 
time.  It  was  to  Rev.  Mr.  Clark  that  the  congregation  turned 
when  Mr.  Lane  assumed  sole  charge  of  the  sister  church.  Mr. 
Clark  came  on  the  field  in  July,  1S63,  and  entered  upon  his 
pastorate  October  1st,  1863.  He  was  then  a  man  thirty-three 
years  of  age,  having  been  born  in  New  York  City  on  the  3d  of 
March,  1830.  He  graduated  from  the  Seminary  at  Princeton 
in  1859,  and,  on  the  25th  of  September,  in  the  same  year,  he 
was  ordained  in  Iowa.  After  a  three  years  pastorate  in  Burl- 
ington, Iowa,  and  a  year's  chaplaincy  in  the  army,  Mr.  Clark 
settled  in  the  East,  as  stated  supply  of  the  Throop  Avenue 
Church  in  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.  It  was  from  Brooklyn  he  came  to 
Pleasant  Grove. 

After  having  filled  a  large  number  of  ministerial  positions 
in  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania,  and  also  in  the  West,  he 
resides  in  Yazoo  City,  Illinois,  the  pastor  of  a  pleasant  congre- 
gation there,  in  this  year  of  our  Lord  1894. 

Rev.  Mr.  Clark  was,  at  that  time,  a  man  of  strong  will,  who 
prosecuted  whatever  he  undertook  with  all  the  energies  of  his 
being.  The  pastorate  of  Mr.  Clark  closed  after  the  expiration 
of  six  years,  in  the  early  part  of  November,  1869. 

The  parsonage  was  built  in  the  year  1865,  very  probably 

190  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

ready  for  occupation  and  occupied  in  the  month  of  October. 
With  this  activity,  spiritually  and  financially  came  a  sense  of 
strength,  of  importance,  and  of  independence,  For  the  first 
time  in  its  history  Pleasant  Grove  was  supporting  a  pastor 
alone,  and  the  people  were  encouraged  and  gratified  at  their 

The  next  period  in  the  history  of  the  church  extends  to  the 
year  1888.  Three  pastors,  M.  Avers  Depue,  Rev.  Samuel  Saw- 
yer and  Rev.  B.  C.  Megie,  D.  D„  filled  the  pulpit  in  succession 
during  this  time. 

Rev.  Moses  Ayers  Depue 
was  a  young  man,  thirty  years  old,  when  he  became  pastor  of 
Pleasant  Grove.  His  birthplace  was  not  far  from  Belvidere,N. 
J.  He  was  ordained  by  the  Presbytery  of  Londonderry  on  the 
nth  of  Jul}-,  1867.  He  was  stated  supply  of  the  First  Church 
of  Easton  from  1866  until  1867,  pastor  in  East  Boston  from 
1867  till  1869,  and  stated  supply  of  Lewisburg,  Pa.,  from  1869, 
until  earh-  in  1870.  He  was  an  able  young  man,  an  eloquent 
preacher  and  of  endearing  charactgr.  He  died  while  pastor  of 
the  church  on  the  12th  of  October,  1872,  in  Easton,  Pa. 

The  year  after  Mr.  Depue 's  death 

Rev.  Samuel  Sawyer 
was  called  to  the  pastorate.  He  had  labored  as  an  organizer 
of  churches  in  the  South  and  West,  and  was  preaching  in  East 
St.  Louis,  Illinois,  'at  the  time  when  he  was  called  here.  He 
was  installed  in  the  church  on  the  7th  of  May,  1873.  Mr. 
Sawyer  was,  as  a  rule,  a  most  eloquent  preacher,  and  he  was 
undoubtedly  the  most  faithful  and  successful  pastor  who  has 
served  Pleasant  Grove  Church.  He  resigned  the  pastoral 
charge  on  the  nth  of  April,  1876,  to  go  to  Indiana,  where  he 
still  lives,  a  very  old  man. 

At  that  same  meeting  of  Presbytery 

Rev.  Burtis  C.  Megie,  D.  D  , 
severed  his  connection  with  the  church  at  Dover.     Elder  John 
T.  Hoffman  made  bold  to  ask  him  to  preach  as  a  candidate  for 
the  vacant  pulpit  at  Pleasant  Grove.     He  consented.     He  had 
already  been  called  on  the  4th  of  June,  1876,  and  was  installed 

The  Presbyterian  Church  ok  Pleasant  Grove         191 

soon  after.  Dr.  Megie  was  born  in  New  York  City,  December 
4th,  1S13.  He  was  educated  at  the  University  of  New  York, 
and  at  Andover,  Princeton  and  Union  Seminaries.  He  was  or- 
dained by  the  Presbytery  of  North  River,  October  31st,  1838. 
From  1838  until  1839  Dr.  Megie  was  stated  supply  at  New 
Paltz,  New  York,  and  from  1839  till  1876,  thirty-eight  years,  he 
was  pastor  of  the  Dover  church.  For  twelve  years  Dr.  Megie 
went  in  and  out  among  the  people  of  Pleasant  Grove.  He 
resigned  upon  his  election  to  the  office  of  Superintendent  of 
Public  Schools  for  Morris  County.  He  was  the  Stated  Clerk 
of  Morris  and  Orange  Presbytery  from  its  organization  in  1871. 
Dr.  Megie  was  a  man  of  kind  heart  and  of  wonderful  activity 
for  his  years.  He  was  a  good  preacher  of  the  word.  He  died 
suddenly  in  1890. 

On  the  27th  of  June,  1881,  Daniel  C.  Anderson  and  Isaac 
Smith,  of  Little  Brook  and  Stephensburgh,  respectively,  were 
inducted  into  the  office  of  ruling  elder,  and  thus  became  mem- 
bers of  session. 

Sixteen  were  added  to  the  church  while  Mr.  Depue  was 
pastor.  But  it  was  during  the  three  years  of  Rev.  Mr.  Saw- 
yer's pastorate  that  the  church  received  the  outpouring.  Eighty 
seven  united  with  the  church  on  profession  of  their  faith,  and 
thirteen  by  letter  during  .'  e  three  years  he  labored  in  Pleasant 
Grove.  Beside  these  seventy-three  were  hopefully  converted 
during  a  revival  at  Schooley's  Mountain.  The  number  of  heads 
of  families  among  these  was  remarkable.  Additions  to  the 
church  were  perennial,  two  or  three  at  a  time.  Prayer  meet- 
ings were  crowded  ;  gifts  to  benevolent  objects  multiplied  ; 
revivals  arose  in  every  quarter  of  the  parish,  and  every  depart- 
ment of  church  work  felt  a  quickening. 

The  pastorate  of  Dr.  Megie  was  also  conspicuous  for  the 
number  brought  into  the  church.  One  hundred  and  thirty-six 
were  added  on  profession  of  faith  in  Jesus,  and  thirty-six  by 
letter,  during  the  twelve  years  of  his  ministry.  These  were 
gathered  in  at  revivals,  rather  than  perennially.  Twenty-one 
were  added  as  the  result  of  special  services  during  the  winter 
of  1886-7.  Fiftv-one  were  received  as  the  result  of  meetings 
conducted  by  the  Evangelist  B.  Fay  Mills  in  1886.     The  170 

192  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

members  of  the  church  in  1869  had  increased  to  230  in  1888. 

The  period  which  has  passed  since  1888  is  too  near  to  be 
spoken  of  at  any  length,  and  the  writer  will  only  state  its  main 
facts  : 

Rev.  Samuel  J.  McClenaghan, 

a  student  of  Princeton  Seminar)-,  was  ordained  and  installed  in 
the  church  of  Pleasant  Grove  May  9th,  1889.  For  more  than 
six  months  previous  he  had  supplied  the  church  in  the  relation 
of  pastor-elect.  Mr.  McClenaghan  served  the  church  until 
July  5th,  1891,  when  he  removed  to  East  Orange  to  become  the 
assistant  pastor  of  the  Munn  Avenue  Church,  and  have  charge 
of  its  mission  at  Elmwood. 

Mr.  W.  J.  Mewhinney,  at  that  time  pastor  of  the  Whippany 
Church,  was  installed  in  the  church  on  the  28th  of  October,  1891. 

On  the  15th  of  December,  1889,  James  Everett,  William 
Lindaberry  and  Jacob  Ribbons  were  ordained  elders.  The 
session  is,  therefore,  at  the  present  time  composed  of  the  fol- 
lowing ruling  elders  :  John  T.  Hoffman,  now  85  years  of  age, 
who  lives  at  Port  Morris,  George  Lindaberry,  the  patriarch  of 
the  active  members,  Daniel  C.  Anderson,  Isaac  Smith,  James 
Everett,  Wm.  Lindaberry  and  Jacob  Ribbons. 

While  Mr.  McClenaghan  was  still  pastor-elect,  a  revival 
occurred  that  added  forty-five  on  confession  of  faith  and  five 
by  letter  to  the  church.  Fifty-nine  on  profession  of  their  faith 
and  sixteen  by  letter  came  into  the  church  during  his  pastorate. 
Fifteen  have  been  added .  on  examination  and  three  by  letter 
during  the  present  pastorate. 

During  the  ministry  of  Mr.  McClenaghan  the  Woman's 
Missionary  Society  was  organized  in  1889.  In  the  spring  of 
1892  the  societies  of  Christian  Endeavor  of  Pleasant  Grove  and 
Stephensburgh  were  organized.  These  societies  have  done 
good  work  in  their  respective  spheres  since  their  organization. 

When  one  looks  back  from  the  settled  orderly  present  to 
the  uncertain  beginning  of  eighty-five  years  ago  ;  when  one 
compares  the  abundant  preaching  of  the  word,  the  many  meet- 
ings for  prayer  and  the  steady  instruction  in  the  Sabbath 
schools  with  the  dearth  of  those  privileges  in  that  early  time  ; 
and  when  one  thinks  of  the  many  who  have  been  saved  through 

The  Presbyterian  Church  of  Pleasant  Grove 


the  instrumentality  of  Pleasant  Grove  Church  from  that  earlier 
time  till  now,  is  it  possible  to  do  anything  else  than  to  thank 
God  and  take  courage  ?  Is  it  a  wonder  that  there  are  many 
who  love  the  Pleasant  Grove  Church  and  who  loyally  expect 
better  thing  for  it  and  from  it  in  the  future  ? 

Rev.  William  James  Mewhinnev,  the  present  pastor,  was 
installed  October  28th,  1891. 





H     in 


New  Germantown. 

NLIKE  other  settlements  of  the  early 
Germans,  the  village  of  New  German- 
town  is  older  than  its  church  organiza- 
tion. It  is  said,  however,  that  a  log 
church  for  Episcopal  service  was  in  exist- 
ence before  the  first  edifice  for  Lutheran 
worship.  This  latter  building  was  erected 
as  we  have  seen  in  the  year  1749,  and  dedicated  December  4th. 
It  was  to  take  the  place  of  the  four  smaller  churches  at  Fox 
Hill,  Rockaway  (Potterstown),  Leslysland  (Whitehouse)  and 

The  land  upon  which  the  church  was  built  was  part  of  a  lot 
of  seven  and  a  half  acres,  leased  to  the  congregation  by  Ralph 
Smith.  This  lease  is  dated  the  10th  of  November,  1749,  and 
refers  to  the  church  as  already  built. 

In  1768  it  was  converted  into  a  fee  by  a  commutation  of  the 
quit-rent.  The  trustees,  whose  names  are  given  in  the  lease, 
were  Baltis  Bickle,  Hones  (John)  Melek,  Philip  Weise,  alias 
White,  Casper  Hendershot,  Lawrence  Rulifson,  Samuell  Bar- 
nard, David  Meleck,  Jacob  Cline,  Adam  Vockerot,  Jacob  Ship- 
man,  George  Swart  and  Joseph  Hornbaker. 

These  same  names  are  found  in  another  interesting  docu- 
ment, a  note,  viz.,  given  to  Baltis  Pickle  for  ^80,  dated  18th  of 
December,  1750. 

The  congregation  must  have  been  in  great  need  of  money. 


£Ck    'A.    . 



/  ! 

Settlers  of  Tewksbury  Township  195 

For  at  this  time  they  had  just  built  their  stone  church,  which 
was  estimated  to  cost  ^300,  and  their  young  pastor  had  insisted 
upon  their  buying  a  parsonage  farm  "near  the  church"  for 
^120.  These  amounts  may  not  seem  large  in  themselves,  but 
they  had  to  be  raised  from  a  people  diminished  in  number  and 
impoverished  in  resourses  by  a  long  series  of  vexatious  law- 
suits with  the  wicked  Woolf. 

A  map  of  the  church  lot,  obtained  from  Ralph  Smith,  which 
was  made  in  1755  by  Wilmot,  was  kindly  loaned  to  the  author 
by  B.  Van  Doren  Fisher,  Esq.,  and  has  been  reproduced  for  this 

This  map  gives  evidence  of  the  presence  of  a  school  at  that 
early  date.  This  was  probably  then  and  for  a  long  time  the 
only  one  in  Tewkesbury  township. 

Ralph  Smith  is  the  real  founder  of  New  Germantown,  to 
which  he  gave  the  name  of  Smithfield.  It  retained  this  name 
until  about  1760,  when  the  name  New  Germantown  first  appears 
in  a  deed. 

Ralph  Smith  is  said  to  have  come  to  New  Jersey  from  Boston 
in  the  year  1734.  He  removed  in  1759  to  some  place,  which  he 
called  Mount  Lebanon.  His  property  was  conveyed  by  leases 
to  run  for  various  periods,  but  generally  for  one  hundred  years. 
The  old  church  is  said  to  have  been  an  exact  copy  of  the  Epis- 
copal church  built  by  General  Washington  at  Pohick  Creek,. 

The  very  low  walls  were  surmounted  by  an  immense  bar- 
rack-shaped roof,  sloping  to  the  four  sides.  The  windows  were 
small,  square  and  high  from  the  ground,  and  the  pulpit  with 
its  immense  sounding  board,  was  opposite  the  large  doors, 
which  were  in  the  middle  of  the  south  wall.  In  the  centre  of 
the  church,  in  the  broad  aisle,  was  a  long,  shallow  trench,  in 
which  charcoal  would  be  heaped  up  and  burned,  to  serve  the 
purpose  of  a  stove.  There  were  five  aisles,  and  two  galleries 
at  the  sides;  one  being  used  as  an  organ  loft  and  containing  a 
fine  instrument  for  those  days. 

From  Wilmot's  map  we  may  get  a  fair  idea  of  the  village 
as  it  was  at  that  time.  At  that  early  period  a  schopl-house 
stood  a  few  feet  east  of  the  church,  facing  south  on  the  line  of 

196  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersev 

King  street,  now  Church  street,  and  was  the  German  school 
spoken  of  in  old  documents. 

The  lot  north  of  and  adjacent  to  the  church  contained  nearly 
an  acre.  On  the  opposite  side  of  the  Fox  Hill  road,  now  Main 
street,  there  was  a  school-house  on  the  second  lot.  There  was 
apparently  no  house  on  the  lot  south  of  this  one,  belonging  to 
Thomas  Holm  (Helm?).  The  next  lot,  which  was  built  upon, 
probably  belonged  to  John  Carlisle,  no  doubt  the  brother  of 
Robert,  of  Chester,  Morris  Co.  It  is  described,  however,  as 
occupied  by  a  Mrs.  Ireland. 

Jonas  Melick  owned  the  corner  lot  opposite  to  the  church. 
He  was  born  in  Bendorf,  Germany,  in  17 10,  and  was  the  brother 
of  David,  of  New  Germantown,  and  the  son  of  John  Peter,  of 
Bendorf,  Germany.  Jonas  was  the  cousin  of  John  Melick,  of 
the  "Old  Farm,"  whose  story  Mr.  Andrew  Melick  has  so 
charmingly  told  in  his  well-known  work.  John  Fleet  and 
Thomas  Holm  occupied  the  tavern  lot,  containing  about  three 
acres,  which  fronted  about  equally  upon  both  roads. 

The  following  is   taken   from    "Our  Home,"  published  in 


The  land  opposite  the  church,  fronting  on  King's  road,  was 
divided  by  Ralph  Smith  into  seven  lots  of  66  feet  front,  and 
numbered  from  Main  street  eastward.  No.  1,  containing  one- 
fourth  of  an  acre,  was  leased  to  James  Cole  in  1761,  the  quit 
claim  subsequently  coming  into  the  possession  of  the  church. 
The  said  Cole  came  from  Boston  in  1734,  and  had  thirteen 

No.  2  was  the  lot  known  as  the  "High  house  lot,"  owing  to 
the  house  upon  it  having  a  basement  and  a  very  high  porch. 
It  was  conveyed  in  1753  to  Michael  Hendershot.  In  1758  one 
Bryan  Lafferty  recovering  judgment  against  Hendershot,  the 
lot  was  sold  by  Moore  Furman,  the  sheriff,  to  Frederick  Schultz, 
for  j£&o,  the  quit-claim  subsequently  coming  into  possession  of 
the  church. 

This  lot  was  afterwards  occupied  by  Dr.  Oliver  Barnet  and 
also  by  Major  Rinehart. 

No.  3  occupied  by  Edward  Kreiter,  at  a  later  day  known  as 

Settlers  of  Tewksbury  Township 


the  "  Betsey  Adams"  lot  and  occupied  a  few  years  ago  by  Har- 
mon Henry,  also  came  into  possession  of  the  church. 

On  the  30th  of  October,  1766,  John  Welsh  and  Catherine  his 
wife,  innkeeper  of  New  York,  give  a  mortgage  to  William 
McDonald,  of  Somerset  Co.,  N.,  J.,  for  lot  No.  3  in  Smithfield, 
Tewksbury  township,  Hunterdon  Co.  It  is  described  as  on  the 
north  side  of  Kings  street  and  beginning  64  feet  from  James 
Cole's  corner  and  running  eastward. 

No.  4  was  conveyed  in  1759  to  Andrew  Shandler  for  one 
hundred  years.  This  also  came  into  possession  of  the  church. 
It  was  occupied  among  others,  at  a  later  day,  by  Squire  Demun 
and  John  Fisher. 

No.  5  was  sold  by  one  Jonathan  Toms  to  Major  Godfrey 
Reinhart  on  a  perpetual  lease  at  fifteen  shillings  per  year. 

No.  6  contained  a  one  story  house  formerly  well  remem- 
bered. The  church  still  holds  the  original  claim  on  this 

No.  7  was  owned  by  a  Melick. 

The  purchase  of  the  above  lots  by  the  church  in  1768  was  no 
doubt  for  the  purpose  of  investing  the  legacy  of  £  1,000 
($2,666  ?)  which  Baltis  Pickle  left  to  the  church  in  the  year  1766. 

Godfrey  Rinehart  kept  the  first  store  in  the  village.  In 
1757  or  S  the  parsonage  house  was  built  on  the  church  lands, 
and  the  old  stone  house  is  still  standing,  being  owned  by  Mr. 
Frederick  Apgar,  whose  property  includes  the  old  church  farm. 

This  house  is  the  one  mentioned  by  Dr.  Muhlenberg  as  built 
to  accommodate  him,  the  former  building  not  being  large 
enough  for  his  use.  It  was  thus  intended  to  offer  him  some 
inducement  to  come  and  live  in  this  region  at  least  for  a  time. 
He  occupied  this  dwelling  during  his  stay  1859-60.  Here  also 
no  doubt  lived  his  two  sons,  viz.,  Peter  and  Henry,  who  each  in 
turn  took  the  active  charge  of  the  Lutheran  Churches  here. 

It  is  impossible  to  locate  all  the  early  settlers  of  Tewksbury 
township  as  the  land  was  simply  leased  for  a  period  and  was 
not  sold  until  about  1790  or  later.  The  Livingston  tract,  speak- 
ing generally,  belonged  largely  on  the  east  side  of  the  Fair- 
mount  road  and  the  Parker  on  the  west.  The  land  to  the  east 
of  the  West  Jersey  tract  belonged  to  Budd  and  Logan.     The 

198  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

society  line  whose  course  was  south  forty-seven  degrees  west 
from  Pottersville  to  Potterstown  and  ran  along  the  road  from 
the  latter  place  to  New  Germantown,  bounded  these  lands  on 
the  east. 

Pottersville  was  first  called  Lamington  and  afterwards 
Potter's  Mills.  There  were  mills  here  as  early  as  1756,  owned 
by  William  Willet.  The  grist  mill  was  burned  in  1820  and 
rebuilt.  In  1840  it  was  remodeled  and  again  rebuilt  in  1878. 
The  feed  mill  was  first  a  factory  for  carding  wool  and  weaving 
blankets.  It  was  turned  into  its  present  use  about  thirty  years 
ago.  The  village  consists  of  a  store,  with  a  post  office,  flouring 
mill,  feed  mill,  blacksmith  shop,  machine  shop  and  foundry, 
shoe  shop  and  fifteen  dwellings.  It  was  named  after  its  prin- 
cipal citizen  Sering  Potter. 

Cokesburg  is  claimed  to  be  as  old  as  1754,  when  a  furnace 
was  built  there,  but  the  name  does  not  appear  on  the  township 
book  and  it  therefore  could  not  have  been  a  place  of  any  im- 
portance as  early  as  that.  It  has  a  store,  a  blacksmith  shop, 
wheelwright  shop,  a  Presbyterian  and  a  Methodist  Church  and 
fourteen  dwellings. 

Minard  Farley  settled  near  here  before  1760.  The  family 
came  from  George,  who  was  at  Woburn,  Mass.,  as  early  as 
1641.  From  there  the  family  went  to  Roxbury,  Mass.,  and  from 
there  came  to  Trenton,  N.  J.,  where  George  and  Caleb  were 
found  in  1709  as  trustees  of  the  Presbyterian  Church.  The 
former  of  these  two  was  grandfather  of  Meindert. 

Mountainville  has  been  so  called  for  40  years,  since  the 
school  house  was  built.  J .  C.  Farley  is  the  present  store-keeper. 
It  has  two  mills  and  twenty-three  dwellings. 

Farmersville  has  a  school  house  and  eight  dwellings. 

Fairmount  has  twenty-three  dwellings,  whose  inhabitants 
have  their  post-office  here.     This  was  established  in  1850. 

■  V 







jP^™^^)iOUTHOLD'  LouS  Island,  named  after  a 
«*  flC^T^  iu  town  of  the  same  name  in  Suffolk  Co., 
England,  from  whence  the  first  pastor, 
Rev.  John  Youngs  probably  came,  is  the 
oldest  in  Long  Island.  It  was  first  set- 
tled in  1638,  and  the  church  there  was 
organized  October  31st,  1640. 
Thus  early  did  the  religious  sentiment  of  these  sturdy 
Puritans  assert  itself.  "  In  their  deep  poverty  their  liberality 
abounded,"  and  before  their  lands  were  wholly  cleared  or  their 
own  homes  hardly  erected  they  built  their  house  of  worship 
and  burdened  themselves  with  the  support  of  a  preacher. 

Among  these  settlers  were  then  or  very  soon  afterwards  to 
be  found  the  families  among  others,  of  Brown,  Baker,  Case, 
Corwin,  Cooper,  Corey,  Cramer,  Dickerson  (or  Dickinson), 
Haines,  Horton,  Howell,  King,  Moore,  Overton,  Paine,  Salmon, 
Scudder,  Swezey,  Terry,  Tuthill,  Vail,  Wells,  Wiggins,  Wines' 
Youngs  and  others. 

Of  these  early  settlers  of  Southold  some  removed  to  Eliza- 
beth, N.  J.  Such  were  William  Cramer,  John  Dickerson,  John 
Haines,  William  Johnson,  Jeffrey  Jones,  Eva  Salisbury,  Barna- 
bas Wines,  Jr.,  and  Thomas  Youngs. 

Easthampton  and  Southampton  were  settled  by  branches  of 
some  of  these  same  families.     Thus  when  the  Rev.  Abraham 

20o  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Pierson  founded  Newark,  N.  J.,  with  a  contingent  from  South- 
ampton, they  found  settled  near  them  in  Elizabeth,  people  of 
the  same  names  as  their  own. 

The  people  of  Southold  were  very  decided  in  their  preferences 
as  to  the  form  of  their  church  government.  They  were  con- 
gregational of  the  type  called  Separatists.  It  is  their  church 
which  is  spoken  of  under  that  title  in  Smith's  History  of  New 
Jersey  (1765). 

The  township  of  Roxbury  was  formed  1740.  The  record 
of  this  event  is  as  follows  :  December  24th,  174c  :  A  petition 
to  the  court  from  sundry  of  the  inhabitants  of  the  south- 
westerly part  of  the  county  of  Morris  praying  that  they  be 
made  a  township  for  several  causes  therein  set  forth.  The 
court  grants  their  petition,  and  bounds  said  township,  to  be 
called  henceforth  Roxbury,  from  the  bounds  of  Somerset  Co., 
thence  up  the  river  commonly  called  Peapack,  and  up  the  same, 
including  the  same,  to  that  branch,  or  part  thereof,  called  Indian 
Run.  and  thence  northerly  and  westerly  by  the  bounds  of 
Hanover  to  the  Great  Pond;  thence  down  by  the  same  to  the 
Musconetcong  to  the  bounds  of  the  county  ;  thence  by  the 
bounds  of  Hunterdon,  Essex  and  Somerset  counties  to  the 
place  first  mentioned. 

The  bounds  of  the  township  are  too  indefinite  to  be  pre- 
cisely defined.  Indian  River  was  that  now  called  the  North 
Branch.  But  they  no  doubt  included  not  only  the  present 
townships  of  Chester  (formed  February,  1799),  Washington 
(formed  January,  1798),  Mt.  Olive  (formed  1871),  but  also  a 
part  of  Mendham,  Randolph  and  Roxbury. 

Morris  Co.  was  formed  March  15,  1738-9.  Previous  to  this 
Hanover,  as  a  township  of  Hunterdon,  is  recognized  in  1722) 
and  Walpack  in  1732. 

Mendham,  formed  in  1749,  took  off  the  eastern  part  of  Rox- 

Township  Officers. 

The  township  officers  for  the  first  year  were  as  follows  : 

Appointed  1741,  March  25,  William  Griffing,  clerk;  Nathaniel 
Drake  and  David  Luce,  freeholders;  Samuel  Coleman,  as- 
sessor;  Obadiah   Seward,  collector;   James   Pitney  and  Theo- 


Settlers  from  Southold  and  Southampton  201 

philus  Case,  surveyors  of  highways;  Nathaniel  Drake  and 
Samuel  Haton,  overseers  of  highways  ;  William  Douglas,  con- 
stable ;  Aaron  Stark  and  George  Halloway,  overseer':  of  the 

From  December  22,  1741  to  1746,  the  new  names  that  occur 
were  Thomas  and  John  Green,  John  Hardin,  Joseph  Langdon, 
Will.  Pew,  Ben.  Luce  for  December,  1741;  Israel  and  Richard 
Swayzie,  Ezekiel  Frost,  Nathaniel  and  Richard  Fansher,  James 
Martin  for  1742  ;  James  Wells,  Richard  Sutton,  Jonah  Hopkins, 
George  Park,  John  Bell  for  1744;  Caleb  Swayzie,  David  Hop- 
kins, Will  Lorison,  John  Brown,  John  and  Samuel  Swayzie,  for 
1745:  Daniel  and  John  Budd,  Benj.  Manning  and  Samuel 
Horton,  for  1746. 

The  statement,  repeated  by  Mr.  Johnson  in  his  History  of 
the  Congregational  Church,  that  Chester  township  was  divided 
into  lots  in  1713  and  1714,  can  only  be  true  of  the  original 
surveys  which  were  taken  up  about  that  time.  As  we  shall 
see  the  actual  settlement  could  not  have  taken  place  in  less 
than  twenty  or  twenty-five  years  later. 

Caleb  Horton  came  to  Roxbury  from  Southold  in  the  year 
1748.  He  was  the  great  grandson  of  Barnabas,  of  Southold, 
who  came  in  1633-8,  from  Mouseley,  in  Leicestershire,  England. 
Caleb  bought  in  1747,  of  Isaac  Pierson,  1,782  acres  (the  Gardiner 
tract),  in  what  is  now  Chester  township. 

Samuel  Horton,  about  whom  nothing  is  known,  was  sur- 
veyor of  highways  of  Roxbury  in  1746. 

Samuel  Swazey  came  from  Southold  to  Roxbury,  17th  May, 
1737.  This  is  the  earliest  date  on  record  for  the  settlement  of 
the  above  township,  unless  we  consider  John  Colver,  as  a  resi- 
dent, since  his  will  is  dated  in  1732  at  Roxbury.  But  Colver 
probably  resided  on  Schooley's  Mountain.  Samuel  Swazey  was 
probably  a  son  of  John  id-oi  Southold.  He  owned  at  his  death, 
in  1759,  nearly  a  thousand  acres  in  Chester  township,  and  in 
Warren  Co.  His  son  Samuel  was  the  first  psstor  of  the  Con- 
gregational church,  and  in  1773  he  and  his  brother  Richard 
removed  to  Western  Florida,  now  Mississippi.  Thev  had 
bought  there  of  Captain  Amos  Ogden  in  1772,  19,000  acres  of 
land.     The  brothers  took  with  them  to  Florida,  a  number  of 

202  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

families,  from  whom  the  Farrars,  Kings,  Corys,  Montgomerys, 
Pipes,  Foules,  Colemans,  Jones,  Callenders,  Fowlers,  Luses, 
Griffing,  Hopkins,  Nobles,  Ashfords,  and  many  others  in  that 
vicinity  are  descended.     (See  Part  II,  p.  523). 

Two  other  sons  of  Samuel,  viz.:  Israel  and  Barnabas,  set- 
tled near  Hope,  Warren  Co.  Mary,  his  youngest  child,  mar- 
ried John  Seward  and  became  the  ancestress  of  the  prominent 
family  of  that  name. 

John  Budd,  the  grandson  of  John,  who  removed  from 
Southoid  to  Westchester  Co.,  N.  Y.,  in  1661,  came  to  Roxbury 
about  1740.  He  had  ten  children,  whose  descendants  are  still 
found  in  Chester  township. 

William  Corwin,  the  great-great-grandson  of  Matthias  of 
Southoid,  came  to  Roxbury  before  1767,  and  resided  about  one 
mile  and  a  half  north  of  Chester. 

Isaac  Corwin,  of  unknown  relationship  to  William,  settled 
near  Flanders  during  the  Revolutionary  war. 

The  DeCamps  were  descendants  of  Henry,  of  Middlesex 
Co.,  who  was  the  grandson  of  La  wrens  Jans,  an  immigrant  to 
New  Amsterdam  in  1664. 

Philemon  Dickerson,  of  Southoid,  was  the  grandfather  of 
Thomas,  whose  five  children,  Thomas,  Daniel,  Joshua,  Peter, 
and  a  sister  Elizabeth,  came  to  Roxbury  in  1745.  Peter  was 
the  grandfather  of  Gov.  Mahlon  Dickerson. 

David  Luse,  freeholder  in  1741,  came  to  Roxbury  with  his 
brother  Benjamin,  as  early  as  1736,  when  he  bought  land  near 

Samuel  Coleman,  assessor  in  1741,  had  fifteen  children  and 
was  probabiy  related  to  the  family  of  Orange  Co. 

Obadiah  Seward,  collector  in  1741,  came  from  Brookhaven, 
L.  I.,  and  settled  at  first  on  land  now  owned  by  a  descendant 
at  the  cross-roads;  He  removed  to  Berkshire  Valley  and  John, 
one  of  his  sons,  who  married  Mary  Swazey,  removed  to  Sussex 
Co.,  and  from  there  his  children  removed  to  Orange  Co.,  N.  Y 
The  ex-Secretary  of  State  was  of  this  family. 

The  first  of  the  name  in  this  country  was  probably  William, 
who  sailed  from  London  6th  January,  1634,  for  St.  Christopher 

Settlers  from  Southold  and  Southampton  203 

and  the  Barbadoes.     His  son  Obadiah  1st,  father  of  Obadiah  of 
New  Jersey,  was  in  Brookhaven  as  early  as  1664. 

The  Skellf.nger  family  in  this  State  are  descended  from 
Jacobus  Schelinx,  who  came  to  New  Amsterdam  in  1643.  He 
removed  in  1658  to  Amagansett,  L.  I.  Daniel,  his  grandson, 
removed  to  Roxbury  about  1776  and  settled  on  a  farm  between 
Chester  and  Mendham. 

William  Larason,  surveyor  of  the  highways  in  1745, 
bought  a  large  farm  on  Pleasant  Hill  in  1748.  He  was  the  son 
of  William,  constable  of  Hopewell  township  in  1721,  and  the 
grandson  of  John,  a  Danish  nobleman,  who  was  on  the  rate 
list  of  Newtown,  L.  I.,  in  1683. 

Abraham  Drake,  the  son  of  Rev.  John,  of  Piscataway, 
bought  land  at  Drakeville  in  1751.  His  son  Nathaniel  was  a 
freeholder  of  Roxbury  in  1741.  Abraham  was  the  grandfather 
of  Col.  Jacob  and  father  probably  of  Nathaniel  of  Sussex  Co., 
and  the  grandfather  of  Silas  of  Draketown.  The  Drakes  of 
Mendham  were  apparently  of  another  family,  who  were  of 
Holland  descent.  Johannes  Drack,  of  Jamaica,  L.  I.,  in  1715, 
was  probably  the  ancester  of  this  family. 

Thomas  Faircloe,  who  came  from  the  border  between 
France  and  Germany,  was  the  first  of  his  name  in  New  Jersey 
and  came  hither  probably  about  1750. 

William  Griffiths  (or  Griffing),  the  first  clerk  of  Roxbury, 
appointed  1741,  was  probably  the  grandson  of  Jasper,  who  came 
from  Wales  to  Southold  before  1679. 

Theophilus  Case,  surveyor  of  highways,  1741,  was  probably 
the  son  of  Theophilus  of  Southold.  The  latter  was  the  son  of 
William,  who  came  from  England  to  Rhode  Island  in  1635. 
Theophilus  and  Ichabod  and  John,  three  brothers  probably 
came  together  from  Southold  to  Roxbury. 

Richard  Terry,  from  Southold,  was  th.  first  of  the  name 
in  Roxbury.  Three  brothers,  Richard,  Thomas  and  Robert 
had  come  from  England  in  1635.  Richard,  of  New  Jersey,  was 
probably  the  great-grandson  of  the  first  named  of  these 

Thomas  and  James  Reeves  came  to  Southold  about  1660; 
Thomas  removed  to  Southampton  in  1667.     Silas,  of  Roxbury, 

204  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

who  died   1777,  and  had  seven  children    probably  came  from 

Settlers  from  Southampton. 

Southampton  is  the  next  oldest  town  on  Long  Island  to 
Southold.  It  was  settled  1640,  by  people  of  the  Presbyterian 
preference.  The  founders  of  the  church  of  this  order  in  Ches- 
ter came  mostly  from  this  place. 

Nathan  Cooper  came  from  Southampton,  L.  I.,  and  pur- 
chased 600  acres  in  Roxiticus.  He  was  the  great-grandfather 
of  General  Nathan. 

Elias  Howell  removed  from  Southampton  to  New  Jersey 
and  died  on  the  way.  His  son  Elias  bought  200  acres  of  Nathan 
Cooper  at  Milltown  in  Chester  township,  1822.  Nathan 
Howell  bought  a  farm  at  Hacklebarney  of  Johannes  Haas  in 

Rev.  William  Woodhull,  pastor  of  the  Presbyterian  Church 
of  Chester,  was  the  first  of  his  name  in  this  vicinity,  He  came 
in  the  year  1768.  He  was  the  son  of  John  and  great-great- 
grandson  of  Richard  who  immigrated  in  1648  to  Brookhaven. 

Joseph  Hedges,  M.  D.,  was  the  first  physician  in  the  town- 
ship. He  married  a  daughter  of  Rev.  Will.  Woodhull.  He  was 
descended  from  William,  who  settled  in  Southampton  in  1644 
and  removed  to  Easthampton  in  1649. 

Other  settlers  of  old  Roxbury  will  be  found  in  the  Genealo- 
gies, Part  II  of  this  work. 


The  first  school  was  taught  in  a  log  house  by  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Woodhull  until  the  Revolution.  Miss  Phebe  Jagger  also  taught 
for  a  time  2  private  school  on  the  Cooper  estate.  From  1800- 
1812  John  G.  Gardner,  of  Connecticut,  taught  a  school  in  the 
village.  Another  teacher  was  Miss  Hester  Brackett,  afterward 
the  mother  of  Dr.  T.  F.  White,  of  Summit,  N.  J.  William 
Rankin  removed  hither  from  Deckertown  in  1854  and  taught 
school  in  the  brick  hotel  until  1862,  when  he  removed  to  Mend- 
ham.  Rev.  L.  I.  Stoutenburgh,  Miss  Susan  Magie,  Mrs.  M.  F. 
Hoagland,  Rev.  P.  S.  Smith,  Mrs.  C.  Y.  Baker  and  Rev.  J.  H. 
McCandless  have  taught  successively  in  "  The  Chester  Insti- 

Settlers  from  Southold  and  Southampton 


tute.  In  1870  a  three  story  building-,  erected  by  the  Hon. 
Daniel  Budd,  was  taken  possession  of  and  used  for  school  pur- 
poses by  Miss  Magie.  The  Rev.  James  F.  Brewster  also  con- 
ducted a  private  school  while  pastor  of  the  Presbyterian 
Church.  (History  of  Morris  Co.,  p.  214). 
Iron  Mines. 
Hacklebarney  had  a  forge  more  than  a  hundred  years  ago. 
It  was  sold  in  1786  by  Samuel  Ross  to  Frederick  Bartles  and  a 
mortgage  upon  it  was  given  by  the  latter  in  1790  to  Randall  & 
Stewart,  of  New  York.  This  100  acres  was  the  northern  end 
of  a  tract  bought  by  John  Wortman,  Sr.,  in  1771,  of  Peter 
Schenck.  Hon.  Daniel  Budd,  in  partnership  with  Mr.  Bartley, 
carried  on  this  forge  for  many  years.  In  1867  mines  were 
opened  in  various  places  and  the  transporting  of  the  ore 
increased  with  the  building  of  the  Chester  Railroad  in  1869. 

The  Chester  furnace,  situated  west  of  Chester  village,  was 
built  in  1878  by  the  Jersey  Spiegel  Iron  Company.  In  1879  it 
was  leased  by  the  \V.  J.  Taylor  Co.  This  furnace  was  torn 
down  in  1792  or  3. 

In  1872  the  tracks  (about  five  miles  long)  between  the 
Hedges  mine  and  Hacklebarney  and  the  D.,  L.  and  W.  R.  R. 
were  laid.  In  1881  this  track  was  extended  a  mile  and  a  half 
through  the  village  to  the  Swayzie,  Leek  and  Cooper  mines. 
No  mining  at  all  is  now  carried  on  at  or  near  Chester. 

The  Methodist  Episcopal  Church 
was  organized  in  1881  and  Rev.   E.  S.  Ferry  was  appointed  its 
first  pastor.     For  five  or  six  years  services  were  held  in  the 
academy  by  the  Peapack  pastor.     In  1881  the  Methodist  Church 
of  Bedmiuster  was  removed  and  erected  in  Chester. 


Rev.  Frank  A.  Johnson. 

PUR  limits  of  space  prevent  us  from  giving 
in  full  the  historical  sermon  of  Mr.  John- 
son, delivered  in  his  church  on  the  2d  of 
Jul}-,  1876,  but  it  was  substantially  as 
follows  :  "  I  have  thus  sketched  the 
growth  of  our  national  and  denomina- 
tional life,  that  we  may  bear  in  mind 
some  of  the  remarkable  changes  that  have  occurred  while  our 
own  church  was  making  its  history. 

Now  let  us  consider  in  very  condensed  form,  third,  the  his- 
tory of  the  First  Congregational  Church  of  Chester  ;  not  only 
the  oldest  Congregational  Church  in  New  Jersey,  but,  so  far  as 
I  can  ascertain,  the  oldest  west  of  the  Hudson  River. 

The  fathers  of  the  Congregational  Church  in  Chester, 
formerly  called  Roxbury,  were  descended  from  the  company  of 
English  Puritans  who  first  settled  in  Southhold,  Long  Island. 
Their  fathers  left  England  during  the  turbulent  times  in  the 
reign  of  Charles  the  First.  They  fled  from  the  tyranny  and 
oppression,  and  were  ardently  devoted  to  civil  liberty,  and  jeal- 
ous for  the  purity  and  simplicity  of  the  Protestant  religion. 
The  Rev.  John  Youngs,  who  had  been  a  minister  of  Hingham, 
England,  came  to  New  Haven,  Conn.,  with  a  part  of  his  church 
in  1640.  He  remained  there  but  a  short  time  and  then  passed 
over  to  Long  Island,  with  his  church  and  settled  upon  a  tract 
of  land  purchased   from  the  Conhony  Indians.     They  were  a 

Chester  Congregational  Church  =07 

godly  people,  and  from  the  beginning  of  their  settlement  we 
find  them  careful  to  make  provision  for  the  support  of  the 
gospel,  to  exact  punctual  attendance  on  public  worship  and  a 
strict  observance  of  the  Sabbath. 

In  1702  the  town  court  fined  a  person  6s.  yd.  for  a  breach  of 
the  Sabbath,  and  in  17 11  another  man  three  shillings  for  pro- 
fane swearing. 

Previous  to  1645  they  are  supposed  to  have  erected  their 
first  house  of  worship. 

The  constitution  of  this  church  was  originally  Congrega- 
tional and  so  remained  till  1832. 

The  tract  of  land  now  constituting  the  township  of  Chester. 
was  surveyed  and  run  into  lots  in  17 13  and  17 14,  and  began 
soon  after  [?]  to  be  settled  with  emigrants  from  Southhold,  L.  I., 
who  had  been  brought  up  in  the  Congregational  Church, 
planted  there  by  their  fathers,  and  were  by  conviction  and  pro- 
fession attached  to  its  doctrines  and  customs. 

It  was  in  their  hearts  to  do  as  their  fathers  had  done,  plant 
a  church  of  the  same  faith  and  form  of  government  as  that  in 
which  they  had  been  baptised  and  to  which  they  owed  so  much. 

Having  settled  from  one  to  three  miles  apart,  in  a  country 
to  be  cleared  of  heavy  timber,  with  their  private  buildings  to 
erect,  roads,  bridges  and  fences  to  make,  and  families  to  sup- 
port ;  it  is  wonderful  that  they,  as  early  as  1 747,  should  have 
been  able  to  erect  a  commodious  house  of  worship,  with  pews 
and  galleries  to  seat  an  audience  of  400.  This  house  stood  about 
twenty  rods  northwest  of  the  present  meeting  house. 

This  building  was  used  for  a  house  of  worship  till  1803. 

Two  generations  worshipped  in  it,  and  many  souls  were 
born  into  the  Saviour's  Kingdom  within  its  sacred  walls. 

It  was  remodeled  in  1803,  but  a  part  of  its  timbers  still  exist 
in  the  frame  work  of  a  barn  on  the  estate  of  Mr.  William 
Seward  at  Chester  Cross  Roads. 

Just  imagine  a  Sabbath  in  1776  when  your  fathers  assem- 
bled in  this  old  church.  Jt  is  doubtful  whether  a  wheeled 
vehicle  drove  up  to  the  door.  Some  came  on  horseback,  but 
more  walked,  winding  their  way  for  miles  through  woodland 
foot   paths.     The  women   often   carried   their  shoes  in   their 

208  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

hands  to  save  wear  and  tear,  placing  them  upon  their  feet  as 
they  approached  the  church. 

We  should  think  it  a  strange  appearing  company  which 
gathered  in  that  meeting  house,  but  there  were  men  and 
women  there  who  feared  God,  whom  God  loved  as  his  dear 
children,  who  have  long  since  entered  the  mansion  prepared 
for  the  lowly  as  well  as  the  great  who  truly  love  and  serve 

About  the  time  of  the  building  of  this  first  church  the  ex- 
citement which  caused  the  separation  in  the  Congregational 
Churches  of  Connecticut  and  Long  Island  reached  this  settle- 
ment, and  a  majority  of  the  inhabitants  became  "  separates"  as 
the)'  were  then  called.  A  separate  Congregational  Church  was 
gathered,  which  was  ministered  unto  by  Rev.  Samuel  Sweazy 
for  about  twenty  years.  These  Separatists  retained  the  doc- 
trines and  form  of  government  of  the  regular  Congregational 
Churches.  Their  separation  was  a  protest  against  the  oppres- 
sion and  worldly  influence  of  the  union  between  Church  and 
State  which  existed  especially  in  Connecticut.  No  wonder 
there  was  a  protest  against  the  punishment  of  ministers  for 
preaching  outside  their  own  parish  without  special  consent  of 
the  minister  and  two-thirds  of  the  parish  in  which  they  wished 
to  preach.  Or  against  the  treating  as  vagabonds  of  ministers 
who  were  traveling  and  preaching  outside  of  their  own  States. 
Or  against  the  fining  or  imprisoning  of  those  who  failed  to 
attend  the  parish  meeting,  or  the  preaching  of  their  own  min- 
ister on  the  Sabbath. 

All  honor  to  the  spirit  of  liberty  that  dared  the  opposition 
of  a  powerful  State  Church  rather  than  submit  to  such  oppres- 
sion. A. minority  of  the  former  worshippers  in  this  church 
withdrew  and  joined  another  church. 

They  called  the  Rev.  Marches  to  be  their  minister,  and 
about  1755  built  the  house  across  the  river,  where  the  Presby- 
terian Church  formerly  worshipped. 

Soon  after  the  close  of  the  pastorate  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Sweazy 
the  war  of  the  Revolution  began.  The  years  1777  and  '78  were 
stirring  times  in  New  Jersey.  Hostile  armies  crossed  and 
recrossed  the  State,  desolating  its  fair  villages  with  fire  and 

Chester  Congregational  Church  209 

sword.  Chester  was  off  the  line  of  conflict,  and  yet  must  have 
been  a  source  of  supply  for  the  patriot  army  while  encamped 
at  Morristown. 

During  these  years  worship  was  suspended  and  the  Con- 
gregational Meeting  House  was  used  as  a  hospital  for  wounded 
and  disabled  soldiers.  It  is  to  be  regretted  that  the  church 
records  do  not  give  us  a  more  complete  account  of  the  events 
of  this  important  historical  period.  Every  patriotic  impulse  is 
stirred  to  know  more  of  those  scenes  that  transpired  upon  this 
hillside  ;  when,  in  this  old  chureh,  patriots  suffered  and  yielded 
their  lives  for  the  holy  cause  of  freedom.  But  the  entries  in 
the  books  for  those  years  are  very  meagre.  During  these  ex- 
citing times,  when  worship  was  suspended,  the  moral  and 
religious  habits  of  the  people  suffered  greatly. 

About  1779  a  union  of  the  two  churches  was  attempted 
under  the  Rev.  David  Baldwin,  who,  for  six  years  preached  on 
alternate  Sabbaths  in  the  two  houses  of  worship. 

Failing  to  accomplish  the  desired  union  Mr.  Baldwin  left 
his  field  of  labor  and  soon  after  the  church  was  pronounced 
dissolved.  But  immediately  a  new  Congregational  Church  was 
organized,  and  in  June,  1785,  the  Rev.  James  Youngs  was 
ordained  and  installed  as  pastor.  The  ministry  of  Mr.  Youngs 
was  very  short.  He  died  in  November,  1790,  aged  32,  deeplv 
lamented  by  his  people  and  his  brethren  in  the  ministry.  The 
church  records  have  this  entry  concerning  him  :  "All  accounts 
go  to  prove  him  a  most  amiable  man,  a  sincere,  exemplary  and 
devoted  Christian.  The  effects  of  his  ministry,  short  as  it  was, 
were  extensive  and  happy.  Blessed  are  the  dead  that  die  in 
the  Lord." 

From  1 7  90- 1 80 1,  the  church  was  without  a  regular  pastor, 
but  ministers  from  Long  Island  frequently  visited  the  people, 
and  through  their  preaching  sinners  were  converted  and  the 
church  edified. 

In  November,  1800,  the  church  held  a  day  of  fasting  and 
prayer  for  direction  in  the  choice  of  another  pastor.  They 
were  led  to  extend  a  call  to  Mr.  Stephen  Overton,  who  was 
ordained  and  installed  pastor  on  the  16th  of  June,  1801.  The 
congregation  rapidly  increased.     In  1803  the  original  house  of 

210  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

worship  was  replaced  by  another  more  modern  in  appearance, 
50  feet  by  40  in  size,  with  front  and  side  galleries,  a  steeple 
and  bell. 

Great  revivals  occurred  during  Mr.  Overton's  early  minis- 
try, and  many  substantial  members  were  added  to  the  church, 
but  many,  sad  to  relate,  dishonored  their  profession,  and  re- 
turned to  the  world. 

From  1817  to  1828  the  church  and  congregation  sadly 
declined  in  spirituality  and  in  regard  for  the  prosperity  of  the 
church.  It  was  feared  that  a  final  dissolution  would  result 
from  this  indifference. 

Mr.  Overton  was  dismissed  from  his  long  pastorate  in  March, 
1828.  He  died  on  September  18th,  1839.  The  church  records 
refer  to  him  as  possessed  of  strong  intellectual  powers  with  "a 
clear  melodious  voice  and  thrilling  elocution,  endowed  with  one 
of  the  strongest  constitutions  ;  he  travelled  much,  preaching 
more  than  once  a  day  for  weeks  in  succession." 

From  its  formation  till  1810  the  church  and  pastor  were 
enrolled  as  members  of  the  "Separate  Congregational  Con- 
vention of  Connecticut  and  Long  Island." 

In  1 8 10,  with  other  churches  in  this  State,  it  formed  a  new 
and  similar  convention,  which  in  1828  was  dissolved. 

Let  us  try  to  picture  a  Sabbath  in  this  second  house  of  wor- 
ship in  1826,  half  a  century  ago. 

Since  1776  there  have  been  many  improvements,  yet  even 
now  nothing  we  could  call  a  carriage  approaches  the  door. 
Man}7  of  the  congregation  still  come  on  horseback,  others  walk, 
while  now  and  then  a  rude  wagon  deposits  its  load  at  the  door. 
As  we  enter  the  door  everything  seems  very  strange  to  us 
in  1776.  The  pulpit  is  so  high  that  necks  are  fearfully 
wrenched  in  efforts  to  see  the  preacher. 

A  row  of  box-pews  with  high  backs,  facing  toward  the 
centre  of  the  church  extends  along  the  wall  and  several  rows  of 
pews  of  like  pattern  occupy  the  space  directly  in  front  of  the 
pulpit.  The  remainder  of  the  house  is  filled  with  ordinary 
seats.  If  it  be  a  winter's  day  we  shall  find  no  fire,  and  will 
wonder  why  these  people  make  such  a  sacrifice  of  comfort  to 
hear  the  gospel,  when,  in  our  days  a  slight  fall  in  the  ther- 

Chester  Congregational  Church  211 

mometer  would  keep  half  the  congregation  home  from  a  com- 
fortably warmed  church.  The  congregation  is  dressed  with 
severe  simplicity  and  gives  token  of  a  sturdy  and  hard  working 

In  the  autumn  of  1828  the  Rev.  Abner  Morse  was  called  to 
the  care  of  the  church  as  acting  pastor  for  three  years. 

He  found  its  spiritual  life  at  a  very  low  ebb'.  It  was  resolved 
that  it  would  not  be  right  to  commune  at  the  Lord's  table  till 
the  church  had  purged  itself  of  a  large  number  of  neglectful 
and  immoral  persons.  A  meeting  was  called  for  those  only 
who  still  considered  themselves  the  cordial  friends  of  Christ, 
and  who  were  ready  to  renew  their  covenant  with  Him.  Some 
fifty  persons  responded  to  this  call,  two  of  whom  are  now 
living.  While  under  the  pastoral  care  of  Mr.  Morse  the  church 
was  prospered  and  its  membership  largely  increased. 

Mr.  Morse  was  dismissed  at  his  own  request  in  the  spring 
of  1833.  The  Rev.  Charles  Jones  officiated  as  acting  pastor 
from  August,  i833-'3S.  The  church,  in  granting  him  his  dis- 
mission, paid  him  a  high  compliment  as  "  an  able  and  faithful 
minister  of  the  Gospel. 

The  Rev.  John  Fishpool,  a  native  of  Essex  in  England,  was 

stated  supply  of  the  church  from  October,  1835-October,  1836. 

From  1836   to    1840   the   church  was  supplied  by  different 

members  of  the  New  York  State  Congregational  Association, 

with  which  the  church  was  now  connected. 

For  some  eight  months  in  1839  the  Rev.  Lewis  F.  Terrill 
acted  as  stated  supply.  During  these  years  there  was  much 
discord  among  the  membership,  few  were  added  to  the  church, 
and  its  spiritual  interest  suffered  greatly. 

During  1840  and  1841  the  church  was  very  much  dis- 
couraged ;  the  ordinances  of  the  gospel  were  neglected  and  for 
nearly  a  year  not  more  than  one  sermon  was  heard  in  the 

On  October  6, 1841,  Mr.  Luke  I.  Stoutenburg,  of  Poughkeep- 
sie,  N.  Y.,  a  licentiate  of  the  New  York  Association,  supplied 
the  pulpit  and  was  invited  to  continue  the  supply  for  several 
Sabbaths.  On  December  15th,  1841,  it  was  voted  to  call  Mr. 
Stoutenburg   to  the  pastorate  of  the  church.     The  call  was 

212  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

accepted,  and  on  June  14th,  1842.  he  was  ordained  and  installed 
pastor  of  the  church. 

Mr.  Stoutenburg  remained  pastor  till  December  17th,  1867, 
when  his  resignation  was  accepted  by  the  church.  The  events 
of  this  pastorate  are  so  comparatively  recent,  and  are  so  well- 
known  to  you,  that  I  will  pass  them  by  without  particular 
mention.  Suffice  it  to  say  that  during  these  years  the  church 
was  greatly  prc^pered,  and,  indeed  began  a  new  and  more 
healthy  life.  The  congregation  and  membership  were  much 
increased.  On  one  Sabbath,  February  21st,  1842,  forty-eight 
persons  united  with  the  church,  (the  largest  addition  at  any  one 
time)  eight  of  whom  are  active  members. 

In  1854  the  second  house  of  worship  was  taken  down  and 
the  building  in  which  we  are  now  assembled  was  erected.  In 
December,  1867,  the  Rev.  James  I.  Evans  was  called,  and  in 
June.  1868,  was  installed  pastor.  During  this  pastorate  the 
parsonage  now  owned  by  the  church  was  built. 

On  April  1,  187 1,  the  resignation  of  the  pastor  was  tended 
to  and  accepted  by  the  church. 

For  some  months  after  the  close  of  this  pastorate  a  period 
of  trial  and  discouragement  intervened,  but  the  preaching  ser- 
vices were  continued,  usually  by  ministers  of  sister  churches. 

In  September,  1872,  the  Rev.  B.  F.  Bradford,  pastor  of  the 
Congregational  church  of  Charlotte,  Michigan,  was  invited  to 
the  pastorate.  Mr.  Bradford  acted  as  stated  supply  till  May, 
1875.  The  events  of  his  ministry  are  so  fresh  in  your  memory 
that  I  need  not  recall  them.  He  was  the  intimate  friend  of 
most  of  you  ;  and  a  large  proportion  of  the  membership  of  the 
church  is  the  fruit  of  his  labor.  He  left  the  church  united, 
happy  and  prosperous. 

On  June  15,  1875,  the  present  pastor  was  called;  the  call  was 
accepted.  He  entered  upon  his  duties  on  August  1st,  and  was 
installed  pastor  by  a  council  convened  for  that  purpose. 

Such  is  the  historical  narrative  of  this  dear  old  church  down 
to  the  present  date.  We  should  like  to  know  more  of  its  early 
history,  especially  in  the  Revolutionary  period,  those  days  that 
tried  men's  souls ;  but  we  should  be  thankful  that  the  church 
records   are   so   complete,  that  no   period   in  its  long  life  is 


Chester  Congregational  Church  213 

shrouded  in  utter  darkness.  It  is  to  be  regretted  that  the 
statistical  portion  of  the  church  records  previous  to  1830  were 
in  such  an  imperfect  state  that  we  cannot  ascertain  the  total 
membership,  baptisms,  etc. 

At  this  time  the  membership  is  240.  In  all  probability  the 
membership  at  any  one  time  was  never  larger  than  at  present. 

In  120  years  there  have  been  six  pastors  whose  terms  of 
service  aggregate  81  years,  viz.:  Mr.  Swazy,  20  years;  Mr. 
Youngs,  5  years;  Mr.  Overton,  27  years;  Mr.  Stoutenburg,  26 
years ;  Mr.  Evans.  3  years,  and  the  pastor  now  in  office.  Dur- 
ing the  same  period  there  were  five  regular  stated  supplies, 
viz.:     Mr.  Morse,  5  years;  Mr.  Jones,  2  years:  Mr.  Fishpool,  1 

year ;  Mr.  Terrill,  8  months  ;   Mr.  Bradford,  3  years. 


The  Rev.  E.  B.  England,  of  the  Reformed  Episcopal  Church 
of  Newark,  was  called  to  be  the  successor  of  Rev.  F.  A.  John- 
son, the  15th  of  November,  1889,  and  remained  until  1894,  when 
he  resigned  to  accept  the  call  to  the  Presbyterian  church  of 
Washington,  N.  J.  In  November.  1894  Rev.  AbrahamL.  Sheer 
accepted  the  call  to  this  church,  and  is  now  its  pastor. 

The  present  deacons  are,  J.  H.  Cramer,  S.  H.  Leek,  D. 
Stryker,  S.  Schuyler. 

The  trustees  are,  H.  P.  Sanderson,  E.  T.  Howell,  J.  K. 
Davis,  George  Squier,  H.  Y,  Hall. 



By  Rev.  James  F.  Brewster. 

VWife^  ^ ■:'•.•■•.  ■■•■iy>.'\  HE  first  minister  ordained  over  this  con- 
gregation, or  the  church  of  Roxbury  as 
it  then  was  called,  was  Rev.  Samuel 
Harker,  or  Harcour,  who  was  probably 
of  Hug-uenot  descent.  In  Foote's 
sketches  of  North  Carolina,  to  which 
State  some  of  his  ancestors  removed,  he 
is  described  as  remarkable  for  size,  vigor  and  strength,  and  is 
said  to  have  spent  his  earl}-  youth  in  manual  labor.  He  grad- 
uated at  Princeton  College  and  was  licensed  to  preach  by  the 
Presbytery  of  New  Brunswick,  Dec.  6th,  1751.  The  records 
of  that  Presbyter)'  inform  us  that  being  called  to  Roxbury,  on 
Black  River,  in  Morris  County,  New  Jersey,  he  was  ordained 
there  October  31st,  1752. 

In  an  autobiography  of  Dr.  Caldwell,  published  at  Chapel 
Hill,  North  Carolina,  by  order  of  the  editors  of  the  University 
Magazine,  he  makes  the  following  record  concerning  Mr. 
Harker  :  "  My  grandmother's  name  was  Rachel  Lovel  [daugh- 
ter of  a  French  Protestant,  residing  at  Oyster  Bay,  Long  Island]. 
She  married  a  Mr.  Harker,  who  was  a  minister  of  the  Presby- 
terian Church.  My  grandfather  Harker  was  remarkable  for 
personal   size  and   strength.     He  was  experienced  in  all  or- 

The  Chester  Presbyterian  Church  215 

dinary  practical  business.  It  was  said  of  him  that  he  would  go 
into  the  harvest  field  and  cradle  more  wheat  in  a  day  than  any 
other  man  in  his  part  of  the  country.  In  his  ministerial  labors, 
both  in  and  out  of  the  pulpit,  he  was  ever  regarded  with  high 
estimation  and  confidence  by  his  congregation." 

I  am  sorry,  however,  to  be  obliged  to  add  to  this  that  Mr. 
Harker  entertained  some  doctrinal  errors  which  eventually 
caused  his  separation  from  his  church  about  eleven  years  after 
his  ordination.  The  Presbytery  heard  in  1757  that  he  had 
imbibed  and  vented  certain  erroneous  doctrines,  and  were 
about  to  proceed  against  him  when  they  learned  that  he  had 
left  his  charge  and  gone  as  a  chaplain  in  the  army.  By  order 
of  Synod  in  1759  a  committee  met  at  Mendham  and  examined 
a  paper  containing  Mr.  Harker's  principles,  many  of  which 
they  found  to  be  correct,  but  others  containing  errors.  On 
hearing  this  report  the  Synod  thought  it  expedient  "to  try  yet 
whether  further  converse  may  convince  him,  and  agree  that  he 
meet  with  Samuel  and  James  Finley,  John  Blair  and  Robert 
and  Sampson  Smith  at  Nottingham  in  November ;  and  on  his 
return  with  Gilbert  Tennant,  Treat,  Ewing  and  Dr.  Alison,"  he 
met  with  these  committees  without  any  benefit,  though  the 
interview  lasted  two  days  and  one  evening.  In  1761  he  pub- 
lished his  sentiments  in  a  book  entitled  "An  appeal  to  the 
Christian  World,"  to  which  the  Rev.  John  Blair  published  an 
answer  entitled  "The  Synod  of  New  York  and  Philadelphia 
Defended."  In  1763  the  Synod  condemned  his  propositions, 
declaring  that  they  could  not  continue  him  as  a  member,  and 
that  he  be  disqualified  for  preaching  or  exercising  his  ministry 
anywhere.  The  congregation  of  Black  River,  we  are  told,  was 
thrown  into  confusion,  on  hearing  this,  and  wrote  to  Dr.  John 
Rodgers,  of  New  York,  to  call  a  meeting  of  Synod  without 
delay.  He  consulted  the  Presbytery  of  New  Brunswick  and 
they  judged  that  it  was  not  desirable,  for  all  the  good  to  be 
expected  could  be  accomplished  by  sending  a  committee 
thither.  Accordingly  in  August  they  sent  thither  the  Rev. 
Messrs.  Hait,  McKnight  and  Kennedy,  and  soon  after  the 
church  of  Black  River  asked  for  supplies. 

It  is  asserted  that  this  was  the  only  case  of  discipline  for 

216  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

erroneous  doctrine  during  the  period  extending  from  1758  to 
1789 — a  proof  of  the  general  orthodoxy  of  the  church  at  that 

For  five  years  after  the  suspension  of  Mr.  Harker  the  church 
was  without  a  regular  pastor  until  the  fall  of  1768,  when  they 
settled  the 

Rev.  William  Woodhull. 
He  was  a  native  of  Brookhaven,  Long  Island,  and  had  been 
preaching  in  that  place  for  a  short  time  before  his  removal  to 
Black  River.  He  traveled  from  Long  Island  to  this  place  on 
horseback,  with  his  wife  and  child  riding  on  the  horse  behind 
him.  He  was  a  graduate  of  Princeton  College,  and  studied 
theology  with  the  celebrated  Samuel  Buell,  of  East  Hampton, 
Long  Island.  The  call  was  to  the  united  congregations  of 
Roxbury  and  Succasunna,  and  the  original  paper  is  still  in  my 
possession  bearing  date  September  1st,  1768. 

After  preaching  for  several  years  Mr.  Woodhull  was  obliged 
to  give  up  his  pastoral  labor  on  account  of  weakness  of  the 
throat,  and  for  a  time  the  church  obtained  supplies  from  the 
Presbytery.  He  still  occupied  an  important  position  in  the 
community,  became  a  Judge  in  the  Circuit  Court,  and  was  the 
teacher  of  a  Latin  school  until  it  was  broken  up  by  the  Revo- 
lutionary War.  Dr.. Isaac  Brown,  in  the  funeral  sermon  of  his 
brother  the  Rev.  Dr.  John  Woodhull,  of  Freehold,  and  one  of 
the  founders  of  Princeton  College,  speaks  of  him  as  a  man 
venerable  in  piety  and  services  as  well  as  years. 

I  have  in  my  possession  several  of  his  sermons  bearing  date 
Roxbury,  1769,  which  prove  him  to  have  been  a  sound  and 
able  preacher.  His  name  is  on  the  roll  of  the  Presbytery  of 
New  York  as  still  being  pastor  of  this  church  in  1770.  I  find 
the  following  item  in  regard  to  Mr.  Woodhull  in  Hodge's 
History  of  the  Presbyterian  Church  :  "  In  1783  the  Presbytery 
of  New  York  reported  that  they  had  left  the  name  of  Rev. 
William  Woodhull  out  of  their  list  of  members,  because  on 
account  of  feeble  health  he  had  relinquished  his  ministerial 
duties.  The  Synod  deeming  this  reason  to  be  insufficient 
directed  his  name  to  be  restored  to  the  roll."  From  this  we 
may  learn  what  was  the  opinion  of  the  church  on  the  subject 

'Gea.M.Tt  JB&uttodt. 

The  Chester  Presbyterian  Church  217 

of  the  demission  of  the  ministry,  which  has  latterly  been  exten- 
sively discussed  in  our  General  Assembly. 

Mr.  Woodhull  lived  until  the  24th  of  October,  1S24,  when  he 
died  and  was  buried  in  the  family  plot  on  Pleasant  Hill. 

During  the  stormy  period  of  the  American  Revolution  the 
church  was  again  without  a  settled  paster,  but  with  returning 
peace  they  sought  again  a  settled  minister. 

About  the  year  1782  we  find  that  the  church  was  supplied 
by  Rev.  Mr.  Baldwin,  who,  however,  was  never  installed  as 
pastor.     In  1785 

Rev.  Lemuel  Fordham 
was  obtained  as  a  stated  supply,  and  in  17 86  he  received  a 
unanimous  call  to  the  pastorate  of  the  church.  Like  that  of 
Mr.  Woodhull,  his  time  was  divided  between  Roxbury  and 
Succasunna.  He  was  a  native  of  Long  Island  and  for  thirty 
years  he  continued  the  pastor  of  our  church.  He  is  described 
as  a  plain  but  good  preacher,  although  the  church  made  no 
marked  progress  under  his  ministry.  He  lived  upon  the  hill 
near  the  church,  several  years  after  the  close  of  his  pastorate, 
and  died  at  length  of  old  age. 

Mr.  Fordham  was  succeeded  about  18 15  by 
Rev.  Jacob  Cassner, 
from  Baskingridge,  N.  J.     He  gave  this  church  one-third  of  his 
time,  preaching  at  Black  River,  German  Valley  and  Fox  Hill. 

Mr.  Cassner  was  succeeded  in  18 18  by 

Rev.  John  Ernest  Miller, 
of  Albany,  N.  Y.,  a  member  of  the  Reformed  (Dutch)  Church. 
He  remained  in  Chester  about  four  years  and  a  half  and  the 
church  is  said  to  have  grown  somewhat  under  his  ministry. 
There  was  one  marked  revival,  especially  upon  the  mountain. 
During  his  ministry  the  church  edifice  on  the  mountain  was 
built,  although  as  Vet  there  was  no  church  organization.  In 
his  time  stoves  were  first  placed  in  the  church  edifice,  which, 
without  plaster  or  ceiling,  was  open  to  all  the  winds  that  swept 
across  the  hill-top.  Mr.  Miller  left  Chester  in  the  spring  of 
1823,  having  been  called  to  the  Reformd  Dutch  Church  of 
Tompkinsville,  Staten  Island,  and  was  succeeded  in  the  autumn 
of  the  same  year  by 

218  Early  Germans  or  New  Jersey 

Rev.  Abraham  Williamson, 
who  remained  the  pastor  of  the  church  during  the  following 
thirty  years.  Mr.  Williamson  was  a  native  of  New  Jersey  and 
a  graduate  ot  Princeton  College  and  Seminary.  Before  his 
settlement  here  he  had  labored  for  little  more  than  a  year  as  a 
frontier  missionary  in  the  State  of  Illinois.  Two  colonies  were 
sent  forth  from  the  mother  church,  which  now  are  distinct  and 
useful  organizations,  and  the  old  edifice  on  the  hill-top  was 
abandoned,  and  in  1851  the  congregation  built  and  occupied 
this  house  in  which  we  worship. 

In  1835  forty-eight  persons  were  dismissed  from  this  church 
to  organize  the  Presbyterian  church  of  Mt.  Olive,  and  in  1852 
twenty-six  persons  were  dismissed  to  form  the  Presbyterian 
church  at  Flanders. 

In  1832  there  was  a  marked  revival  and  about  fifty  were 
received  into  the  church  at  one  time.  God's  special  presence 
was  exhibited  in  the  most  marked  and  solemn  manner.  People 
came  from  Mendham,  the  mountain  and  all  surrounding  country 
to  share  in  the  blessing  which  the  Lord  was  pouring  upon  the 
people.  The  church  services  were  crowded,  and  even  the  steps 
of  the  pulpit  were  filled  with  eager  and  tearful  listners. 

On  the  third  day  the  pastor  requested  the  anxious  to  remain 
after  the  services  and  the  rest  to  leave,  and  the  whole  body  of 
the  church  was  filled  with  those  inquiring  the  way  of  life. 
From  the  fruits  of  that  revival  came  some  of  the  best  men  and 
strongest  supporters  of  the  church. 

Mr.  Williamson  remained  in  charge  of  the  church  until 
1853,  in  the  autumn  of  which  year 

Rev.  Geo.  M.  S.  Blauvelt, 

a  graduate  of  Princeton  College  and  Seminary,  was  ordained 
and  installed  among  you.  His  pastorate  covered  three  years, 
until  October,  1856.  In  June,  1857,  Rev,  Josiah  Markle,  who 
was  educated  in  the  Reformed  (Dutch)  Church  at  New  Bruns- 
wick, became  the  pastor  of  the  church  for  the  short  space  of 
nine  months,  until  April,  1858. 

On  the  following  June  your  present  pastor, 

The  Chester  Presbyterian  Church  219 

Rev.  James  F.  Brewster, 
a  graduate  of  Rutgers  College  and  Princeton  Theological  Semin- 
ary, and  a  Licentiate  of  the  Presbytery  of  Passaic,  became  the 
stated  supply  of  the  church,  and  was  ordained  and  installed  on 
the  12th  of  October,  1858.  The  relation  has  now  remained  un- 
broken for  more  than  eighteen  years,  and  this  pastorate  is  now 
the  oldest  in  the  Presbytery,  and,  with  one  exception,  the  oldest 
in  the  whole  northern  part  of  our  State. 

Unfortunately  we  have  the  record  of  elders  only  during  the 
last  fifty-seven  years.  Previous  to  that  Mr.  Abraham  Dicker- 
son  is  known  to  some  of  you  as  having  been  a  leading  and  in- 
fluential officer. 

In  June,  1819,  the  roll  of  the  elders  of  the  church  were 
William  Woodhull,  Jr., — a  son  of  the  former  pastor, — Jared 
Haines  and  Noah  Scudder.  These  men  have  long  since 
passed  away,  but  their  descendants  are  still  among  us,  and 
their  memories  are  yet  held  in  honor.  In  the  minutes  of  March 
3rd,  1821,  appears  the  following  record  :  "Mr.  Gilbert  Bodine 
having  been  elected  by  the  congregation  to  the  office  of  the 
ruling  elder,  and  having  been  duly  ordained,  appeared  this  day 
and  took  his  seat  as  a  member  of  session."  For  eighteen  years 
Mr.  Bodine  served  the  church  in  this  office  until  his  death  in 


In  1823  Conrad  Rarick  was  elected  to  the  eldership  and 
served  the  church  until  his  removal  from  their  bounds. 

In  1827  Wm.  Hedges  Woodhull,  Stephen  Fairclo  Ford- 
ham  and  John  Stryker  were  ordained  to  the  same  office. 
For  ten  years  no  other  officer  was  elected  until  1837,  when  the 
names  of  Jonathan  Nicholas,  James  Topping  and  Henry 
Hedges  were  odded  to  their  number. 

In  1846  George  W.  Stenson  was  set  apart  to  the  same  office, 
but  served  the  church  apparently  but  a  short  time.  During  the 
succeeding  eleven  years  no  other  elder  was  elected  until  the 
autumn  of  1857,  when  the  number  was  increased  by  the  addition 
of  Daniel  Chamberlain  and  John  D.  G.  Carlile.  In  1865 
John  R.  Chamberlain  and  Dr.  S.  E.  Hedges  were  set  apart 
to  the  same  office.  In  1867  Mr,  Andrew  Creger  was  ordained 
and  took  his  seat  as  a  member  of  the  session.     In  the  spring  of 

220  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

the  present  year  the  church  resolved  to  substitute  the  term 
eldership  for  the  life  tenure,  and  under  this  plan  Mr.  Stephen 
Hedges  Hunt  and  Mr.  John  Hoagland  have  been  enrolled 
among  the  number  of  ruling  elders.  It  has  educated  and  sent 
out  two  ordained  ministers — Rev.  Mr.  Leek,  who  died  a  few 
years  ago  in  the  State  of  Illinois,  and  Charles  Evert  Hedges, 
who  was  soon  taken  from  his  work  on  earth  to  his  home  in 

Thus  far  we  have  reprinted  in  condensed  form  Mr.  Brew- 
ster's sermon,  delivered  2nd  of  July,  1876. 

Mr.  Brewster  resigned  on  account  of  ill  health,  1890. 
Rev.  Frank  Melville  Kerr 
was  ordained  and  installed,  as  pastor,  30th  of  June,  1891,  and 
after  three  years'  service  he  removed  to  Hempstaad,  L.  I.  in 
1894.     He  was  followed  by 

Rev.  Conover   Samuel  Osborne, 
who  was  ordained  and  installed  in  Oct.  22,  1894. 

The  elders  at  present  are,  Andrew  Cregar,  W.  T.  Burd, 
ordained  May,  1880;  Frederick  N.  Jenkins,  ord.  May,  1884; 
Joseph  Croat,  ord.  May,  1892. 

The  trustees  are,  William  H.  Seward,  Esq.,  President;  N. 
C.  Vannatta,  J.  H.  Miller,  David  Sharp,  J.  W.  Tiger,  H. 
W.  Cyphers. 



Spruce  Run  Lutheran  Church. 

WgjfffPRUCE  RUN  was  at  first  part  of  the  con- 
gregation of  New  Germantown  and  the 
people  attended  service  at  that  place  and 
German  Valley.  The  first  Lutheran  ser- 
vices held  in  the  Spruce  Run  Lutheran 
Church  of  which  we  as  yet  have  any 
knowledge  were  conducted  by  Rev.  Wil- 
liam Graff.  He  became  the  regular  pastor,  July  16th,  1775. 
Either  the  same  year  or  the  previous  fall  he  began  to  preach 
at  Spruce  Run  as  occasion  offered.  During  the  first  twenty-five 
years  of  their  history  Rev.  Graff  held  services  at  Frederick 
Fritts'  on  the  premises  now  occupied  by  Andrew  Van  Sickel. 
The  first  church  was  a 

Union  Church 
in  which  the  Reformed  also  held  their  worship.  It  was  built 
in  1 800.  From  this  time  until  1833  the  church  had  the  services 
of  the  Lutheran  ministers  of  New  Germantown  every  fourth 
Sabbath.  Thus  Revs.  Graaf,  Hazelius,  Hendrick  and  Pohlman 
labored  in  this  charge.     The 

Rev.  Robert  Collyer 
was,  however,  the  first  pastor  of  Spruce  Run,  as  an  indepen- 
dent charge.     He  was  ordained  and  installed  the  2d  of  Sept., 
1834.     He  remained  until    April,  i860,  when  he  resigned  on 
account  of  ill  health. 

222  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

In  1835  the  congregation  became  self-supporting.  During 
1835  Rev.  Mr.  Wack,  who  alternately  held  services  in  the 
church  on  behalf  of  the  Reformed  and  Presbyterian  congrega- 
tion, ceased  to  preach  here,  and  it  seems,  that  from  that  time 
their  interest  gradually  lessened  until  it  became  entirely  a 
Lutheran  congregation. 

In  the  year  1835  a  new  church  was  built.  This  was  erected 
to  take  the  place  of  the  old  Union  church. 

The  "Swake  Church." 

About  the  time  of  the  great  revival  in  1840 
Rev.  Lambert  Swackhamer 
began  preaching  at  various  points  near  by.  He  was  a  member 
of  the  Francklean  Synod,  and  finally  went  to  Mt.  Bethel,  where 
he  organized  a  congregation  about  1840,  and,  during  the  next 
three  or  four  years,  gathered  quite  a  large  number  of  followers. 
In  1844  he  succeeded  in  building  the  present  stone  edifice, 
erected  by  Fritz  Swackhammer.  After  Rev.  Swackhammer 
left  it  was  sold  by  Moore  Castner  for  debt  and  bought  by  the 
Albright  Methodists.  They  were,  however,  unable  either  to 
build  up  a  congregation  or  pay  the  debt,  and  it  again  became 
the  property  of  Moore  Castner. 

On  June  10th,  following,  the  congregation  elected 

Rev.  P.  A.  Strobel 
as  pastor.     At  his  installation  Aug.  15th,    i860,    Rev.  H.  N. 
Pohlman  preached  the  sermon  and  pronounced  the  usual  ques- 

In  May,  1864,  Revs.  P.  A.  Strobel  and  David  Kline  attended 
the  General  Synod  at  York,  Pa.,  as  visitors  and  the  question  of 
an  exchange  was  talked  over. 

This  led  to  correspondence  upon  the  subject  and  on  October 
30th,  1864,  he  dissolved  his  relation  to  the  charge  as  pastor 

Rev.  D.  Kline 
was  given   a   call  by    Spruce    Run,  while    Centre    Brunswick 
elected  Rev.  P.  A.  Strobel  as  their  pastor 

Rev.  P.  A.  Strobel  served  various  fields  with  acceptance  and 

Spruce  Run  Lutheran  Church  223 

died  Nov.  26th,  1882,  at  Dansville,  N.  Y.,  and  was  buried  at  Red 
Hook,  N.  Y.,  a  few  days  later. 

Rev.  David  Kline  began  his  labors  December,  1864,  and  he 
was  installed  on  Feb.  8th,  1865.  At  his  Christmas  communion 
the  same  month  about  one  hundred  communed.  In  April  and 
May,  1866,  special  meetings  were  held,  and  on  May  20th,  forty- 
six  were  received  into  full  membership,  the  largest  number 
ever  received  at  one  time.  He  admitted  one  hundred  and 
twenty  during  his  whole  pastorate. 

On  May  14,  1867,  Rev.  Kline  reorganized 

Mount  Bethel 

as  a  Lutheran  Church,  at  which  time  George  Banghart,  William 
R.  Prall,  Conrad  Davis,  Benjamin  Johnson  and  Peter  C.  Apgar 
were  elected  trustees.  August  23,  1868  Moore  Castner  and  wife, 
in  consideration  of  the  sum  of  $500,  gave  a  warranty  deed  to 
the  Evangelical  Lutheran  Church  of  New  Jersey  (the  word 
Church  being  written  by  mistake  for  Synod,  the  Synod  having 
raised  $300  of  the  amount  necessary).  This  includes  both 
church  and  cemetery. 

On  November  4,  Rev.  Mr.  Kline  preached  a  stirring  sermon 
based  upon  the  parable  of  the  ten  virgins,  in  which  he  especially 
dwelt  upon  the  neglect  of  these  wise  virgins  in  sleeping.  It 
was  afterward  recalled  that  he  labored  somewhat  and  returned 
home  not  feeling  very  well.  The  afternoon  service  was  omitted 
and  before  the  morning  sun  of  November  5,  1877,  rose  in 
splendor  he  had  gone  to  be  at  rest  and  meet  his  Savior  with  all 
the  loved  ones  at  home.  By  this  startling  Providence  an  active 
ministry  of  twenty-seven  years  in  the  Lutheran  Churches  at 
West  Camp,  Centre  Brunswick  and  Spruce  Run  was  suddenly 
ended.  But  he  had  been  instrumental  in  winning  souls  to 
Christ,  while  his  genial  nature  and  hearty  sympathy  drew  to 
himself  many  devoted  and  faithful  friends.  The  attendance 
at  his  funeral  was  large  and  the  services  solemn  and  impressive. 

The  following  month  (Dec.  2)  Rev.  C.  Duy  preached  for  the 
congregation,  and  without  consultation  made  an  appointment 

224  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Rev.  C.  H.  Traver, 

then  living  in  Chatham  Village,  N.  Y.  It  was  a  surprise  to  the 
writer,  but  he  was  at  liberty  to  visit  them  and  did  so,  and 
preached  for  them  on  three  consecutive  Sabbaths  (December 
9,  16  and  23).  On  January  6,  1878,  he  returned,  and  after  ser- 
vice an  election  was  held,  at  which  time  he  was  unanimously 
elected,  the  call  dating  from  January  1,  1878. 

In  May,  1886,  the  pastor  received  and  accepted  a  call  to  the 
pastorate  of  St.  Peter's  (stone)  Church,  where  he  is  now  labor- 

The  next  and  present  pastor, 

Rev.  V.  F.  Bolton, 
was  elected  and  settled  in  September  following. 

was  set  off  from  Spruce  Run  and  organized  November  16,  1869, 
with  twenty-four  members.  The  church  was  erected  in  1871. 
Rev.  A.  K.  Felton  was  installed  April  8,  1875,  the  church 
having  been  previously  served  by  Rev.  David  Kline,  pastor  at 
Spruce  Run.  Rev.  G.  W.  Anderson  succeeded  Mr.  Felton  and 
remained  until  1882. 

Rev.  J.  W.  Lake  took  charge  May  1,  1883.  During  his 
seven  years  of  service  eighty  new  members  were  added,  the 
church's  indebtedness  paid,  the  edifice  repaired  and  improved 
and  a  parsonage  built. 

Rev.  E.  V.  Hoelsche,  followed  next  and  remained  until 
ill -health  forced  him  to  resign. 

The  above  is  substantially  the  history  of  Spruce  Run 
church  written  by  Rev.  Chester  H.  Traver. 





AND    OF    THE    OTHER 





It  may  be  necessary  to  remind  the  reader  that  the  following  genealogies  have 
been  gathered  with  very  great  labor  and  pains  from  various  records  and  from 
various  people.  Very  little  help  was  obtained  from  family  records,  so  that  nearly 
all  dates  of  birth  or  death  had  to  be  procured  from  church  books,  tombstones  or 
wills.  Some  lines  of  descent  have  been  carried  down  farther  than  others  because  of 
greater  ease  in  procuring  information  with  regard  to  them.  The  spelling  of  names 
has  been  made  to  conform  to  the  records  or  to  the  various  ways  of  spelling,  preva- 
lent in  the  different  branches  of  the  same  family.  The  omissions  and  errors,  of 
which  there  are  no  doubt  very  many,  are  due  largely  to  the  faulty  memories  of 
those  who  have  given  the  information 

The  arrangement  of  the  families  will  explain  itself,  if  it  is  carefully  examined. 
Some  abbreviations  very  commonly  used  are,  b.  for  born  ;  bap.  for  baptised  ;  bot. 
for  bought ;  com*,  for  confirmed  ;  m.  for  married ;  s.  for  son  ;  dau.  for  daughter  ; 
w.  for  wife  ;  ch.  for  child  or  children  •  res.  for  reside*,  or  resided ;  rem.  for  re- 
moved ,"  prob.  for  probated  when  the  reference  is  to  a  will.  Note  carefully  the  use 
of  perh.  for  perhaps,  to  indicate  that  the  statement  following  is  a  matter  of  mere 
conjecture,  while  prob.  or  probably,  indicates  that  there  are  more  reasons  for,  than 
against,  the  statement  that  follows. 




There  were  Abels  in  New  England  and  in  New  York  at  an  early  date,  and  it 
may  be  that  our  families  of  this  name  are  descendants  of  these.  Hendrick  Abels 
came  from  the  Netherlands  in  ship  Rosetree,  March,  1663.  In  1728,  September  4th, 
Andrew  Ablin  and  Matheis  Koplin  landed  at  Philadelphia.  The  spelling  presents 
no  difficulty  as  the  peculiar  formation  of  A  in  some  German  handwriting  would 
explain  the  K  in  Koplin,  and  the  termination  in  is  quite  common,  especially  as  a. 
feminine  form. 

In  1733,  Aug.  28,  Michael  Ably  and  three  others  under  16,  viz.,  Hans  Peter, 
Bans  Adam  and  Hans  Michael  Ebly,  landed  at  Philadelphia  from  the  ship  Hope. 
ANDREAS  bot.  of  Joseph  Reckless,  of  Burlington  Co.,  1748,  Feb.  7,  308  acres  or 
one-half  of  the  Davenport  tract,  near  Fox  Hill,  the  other  half  of  which  was 
sold  on  the  same  day  to  Morris  Creature  (Crater) ;  the  price  was  £103  and  the 
said  Abel  was  m  actual  possession.  Andreas  leaves  a  will,  prob.  1751,  June,  in 
which  he  divides  his  property  into  three  parts,  one  for  his  wife  of  60  acres,  and, 
the  other  two  of  120  acres  each  for  his  two  sons  Michel  and  Paul ;  in  1762,  June 
6,  Paul  and  Leany,  his  wife,  sell  their  share,  or  126  acres,  to  Michel  for  £304. 
In  1768,  March  29,  Michel  Abel  gives  mortgage  on  240  acres  of  this  tract, 
"  whereon  said  Michel  Abel  now  lives,"  to  Richard  Stockton,  •fee.  Lib.  A  fol. 
91,  Morristown.  In  1784.  June  1,  Michel  gives  a  mortgage  to  John  Striker,  of 
Somerset,  upon  the  whole  original  tract  of  308  acres  for  £1308  (N.  Y.  money).. 
These  records  show  that  this  farm  upon  which  the  original  Union  German; 
Church  of  Fox  Hill  stood,  belonged  to  Michel  Abel,  who  must  therefore  have 
been  the  father  of  Jacob,  who  afterwards  occupied  this  farm,  and  of  his  broth- 
ers and  sisters.     He  had  ch. : 

I.  MARY  b.  1760,  d.  1829,  April  10  ;  m.  "William  Fritts  (s.  Frederick). 
II.  ANNA   ELISABETH,  b.  1767,  d.  1831,  Aug.  16  ;  m.  George  Fritts  (s. 

Frederick) ;  at  Spruce  Run. 
III.  JOHN,  m.  1.  Sophia  Trimmer  (daughter  Matthias  1st),  1777,  Jan.  30  ;  2, 
widow  Mary  Cripps,  1811,  April  7;  had  children: 

1.  Anna  Maria,  b.  1778,  April  13  ;  d.  young. 

2.  Johannes,  b.  1780,  March  11. 

3.  ANNA  Mabia,  b.  1784,  March  11. 


228  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

4.  David,  b.  1787,  Jan.  10. 

5.  Elisabeth,  b.  1789.  Jan.  17. 

6.  Jacob,  b.  1790,  April  21. 

7.  Teunis. 

8.  A  daughter  who  m.  an  Abbey. 

•IV.  ANDREW,  m.  Christina  Schuyler   (dau.  Philip  ?),  1779,  Jan.  20;   had 

1.  Philip,  b.  1779,  July  18. 

2.  Dorothy,  b.  1781,  Aug.  9. 

3.  Jacob,  b.  1784,  June  20. 

4.  John,  b.  1780,  Oct.  19. 

5.  Andreas,  b.  1789,  May  20. 

6.  Matthias,  b.  1792,  Feb.  15. 

7.  Eva,  b.  1797,  April  12. 

V.  MATTHIAS,  m.  Catherine  Pritts  (daughter  Fred.)  1781,  April  10  ;  had 

1.  Elisabeth,  b.  1782.  March  15. 

2.  Frederick,  b.  1783,  Aug.  18. 

3.  William,  b.  1785,  July  27. 

4.  Jacob,  b.  1787,  Aug.  29. 

5.  Johannes,  b.  1792,  June  30. 

0.  Peter,  b.  1794,  July  12. 

7.  Sophia,  b.  1790,  July  29. 

8.  Catherine,  b.  179b,  July  7. 

9.  Anna,  b.  1801,  March  20. 

VI.  JACOB,  m.  Charity  Pickle  (daughter  Fred.) ;  had  children. 

1.  Elisabeth,  b.  1794,  April  4  ;  m.  Daniel  Potter  (s.  Daniel) . 

2.  Philip,  b.  1796,  July  8. 

3.  Sophia,  b.  1797,  Aug.  3  :  m.  Nicholas  Hoffman  (s.  William). 

4.  Catherine,  b.  1800,  April  24  ;  m.  Aaron  Sutton  (s.  Aaron). 

5.  Frederick  Pickle,  b.  1801,  Dec.  11  :  d.  1850,  Jan.  1  ;  unmarried. 
0.  Andrew,  b.  ;  d.  1S58,  Nov.  26  ;  unmarried. 

7.  Providence,  b.  ;  d.  ;  m.  Minert 

Farley  (s.  Minert). 

8.  George,  b.  1811,  Feb.  26  ;  unmarried. 

9.  Jacob  and  another  died  young. 

Mart  Tedrick,  of  Roxbury,  Morris  County,  left  a  will  dated  10  Jan.,  1771, 
prob.  April  10,  in  which  she  names  sons  Matthias  (eldest),  Paul,  Michel  and  Andres 
Abel,  and  Caty  and  Eve,  daughters  of  Michel.  She  no  doubt  had  married  a  Tedrick 
for  her  second  husband.  The  most  probable  conjecture  with  regard  to  her  husband's 
name  is  that  it  was  M  ATTH  IAS,  and  that  he  was  a  brother  of  Andreas,  or  Andrew, 
of  Fox  Hill.    Her  children  were  perhaps  the  following  : 

I.  MATTHIAS,  bot.  124  acres  Upper  German  Valley  of  Wm.  Allen. 
II.  MICHEL,  letters  of  administration  of  his  estate  granted  to  Elisabeth, 
1799,  Jan.  5.  Somerset  Co.,  N.  J. ;  perhaps  had  son, 
(I).  WILLIAM,  Chester,  will  prob.  1823,  Mar.  22  ;  will  names  children, 


Margaret,  m.  a  Bess. 

Abel — Adam  229 

Elisabeth,  m.  Alexander  Dawsin. 



Michel's  children  William  and  Mary  Mellick,  w.  (of)  John 


IV.  ANDREW,  bot.  200  acres  at  Hackelbarney  from  Thomas  Leonard,  1761,. 

Oct.  30  ;  will  prob.  1783  ;  names  wife,  Hannah,  and  four  children. 
Salomt  Richards. 

Elisabeth,  b.  1743  ;  d.  1825,  Nov.  15  ;  m.  John  Sutton  (s.  Aaron  !) 
Miscellaneous—  William  Abel  died  1771.  March,  at  98  :  and  a  Nicholas  Abel 
is  buried  in  Pluckamin  Cemetery,  who  died  1738. 

Matthias,  1764.  d.  1837  at  83 ;  was  a  soldier  in  Rev.  War  and  a  noted  auc- 
tonieer:  res.  Union  twp..  Hunt.  Co.;  his  will,  prob.  1837,  names  w.  Mary 
and  ch.:  William's  widow,  Margaret;  John;  Sarah  Crook  ;  Charlotte 
Carkoff  ;  Elisabeth  Cook,  (deceased) ;  gr'dson  Matthias,  s.  William. 

Church  Records  ;  Michel  and  Dina  have  James,  b.  19  Feb.,   1769. 

and  Diua.  b.  6  Sept..  1771.     Michel  and  Christina  have  Christina,  b.  17 
May,  1771.    William  and  Catherine  have  Catherine,  b.  July,  1772. 


STOFEL  [CHRISTOPHER]  ADAM  signs  call  to  Rev.  Albert  Weygand,  1749,  (and 
on  another  list  occurs  Maria  Elizabeth  Adam) ;  b.  1723,  June  15,  d.  1788,  Aug. 
15.  at  65  years  and  2  months  ;  buried  Stillwater  and  has  German  headstone  ; 
m.  Catherine  Kiehn.  b.  1720,  d.  1799  at  78;  his  will,  "Hardwick."  1788,  Aug. 
15,  prob.  Oct.  14.  iTrenton  Lib.  31,  fol.  146),  names  w.  Catharine  and  6  ch. ; 
five  of  these  are  found  on  records  Lutheran  Church,  Stillwater  : 
I.  Christina,  confirmed  1777. 
II.  Henrich.  b.  1763.  conf.  1782  at  19. 

III.  Anna  Catherine,  b.  1764,  conf.  1782  at  18. 

IV.  Hanna,  b.  1765,  conf.  1782  at  17. 

V.  Anna  Barbara,  b.  1766,  conf.  1782  at  16. 
VI.  Jacob. 
JOHN,  prob.  of  English  origin,  whose  will,  "Bedminster,"  28  Dec.  1752,  prob.  24 
Dec.  1754,  names  wife  Elizabeth  and  five  children  ; 

I.  Matthew  Adam,  whose  will,   "Tewksbury,    Hunt.    Co.,   Sept.   1767, 
prob.  16  March,  1768,  names  w.  Leddy  Chambers,  dau.  John,  and  5 
ch. ;   John,   Elenor,   James,   Benjamin  and  Elijah.     Mathias  Adams 
paid  tax  on  lands  in  Phila.  Co.,  Pa.,  prior  to  1734. 
IT.  William. 

III.  James. 

IV.  Samuel  Adams  and  wife,  Catherine,  buy,   26  June,   1766,  of  James 

Bell  and  w.  Deborah,  I'd  in  Hardwick,  which  they  mortgage  to  John 
McDowell,  24  Oct.  1766. 
V.  Margaret     ("Macdole"),    MacDowell    wife    or    mother    of    Ephraim 
("  Mack  dole")  Mac  Dowell. 
ALEXANDER,  (?)  b.  abt.  1750,  bur.  Mt.  Hermon,  Warren  Co.,  N.  J.,  m.  first,  Ann 

230  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Belles,  of  Knowlton  ;  second,  Sarah  It  is  possible  that  the  name 

of  this  man  should  be  Samuel,  the  son  of  John  of  Bedminster  ;  had  ch. : 

I.  Amos,   m.   Hannah   Kar   (dau.   James),   had  ch.:    Euphemia,  b.   18 

Oct.    1811,    m.    John    Flummerfelt    (s.    George) ;    John,    d.    yg. ; 

Mary  A.,  m.    Robert  Steel,  (H'kt'wn) ;   Charles,  d.  yg. ;   George, 

unm. ;  Kar  J.;  Alexander,  unm. ;  Caleb;  Azanah,  m.  first,  Jerry 

Green,  second,  Jacob  Dunfleld  ;  Clorinda,  m.  Snyder  Belles  ;  Bila 

Ann,  m.  Joshua  Smith. 

II.  Andrew,    m.    Elisabeth    Cummins;    had    ch. ;    Alexander;    Sarah 

A.,  m.  Burrill  Newman  ;  Ellen,  m.  Peter  Flummerfelt  (s.  George). 

III.  Alexander,    m.    Esther    Leida ;    had    ch. :    Daniel,    b.    18    Sep., 

1807 ;  m.  Catherine  Snyder ;  Phebe,  m.  Fowler ;  Esther  and  George. 

TV.  Joseph. 

V.  Zadok,   m.   Mahala   Leida  ;   had  ch. :   Isaac,  m.  2  wives  and  for  2d 

w.  a  Stiff  ;  John,  unmarried  ;  Sarah,  m.  Robert  Brown. 
VI.  Samuel,  m.  ;  had  ch. :  Jacob,  unm  ;  Elisabeth,  m. 

Joseph  Hedden  ;  Mary,  unmarried. 
VII.  Abraham. 
VIII.  Amose,  d.  yg. 
IS.  Abi,  m.  John  Lawler. 
X.  Ruth,  m.  Geo.  Lundy. 
XI.  Christeen,  m.  Phil.  Angle. 
XII.  Mary,  m.  a  Mott. 
XIII.  Tirzah,  m.  Chas.  Green. 
XrV.  Jemima,  m.  Phil.  Snyder. 
XV.  Zipporah,  b.  1796,  Nov.   8,   d.  1875,   Oct.   29 ;  m.  Wm.  Leida,  b.  19 

Oct.,  1791,  d.  27  Oct.  1858. 
XVI.  Keziah,  m.  Ellick  Decker. 
XVII.  Anna,  m.  Zadok  Decker. 
LAZARUS  ADAMS,  of  Kingwood,  Hunt.  Co.,  m.  Mary;  his  will,  prob.  26 
March,  1784,  mentions  no  family. 

In  1675  Fenwick  came  to  South  Jersey  in  ship  Griffith  and  landed  at  a  place 
which  he  called  Salem.  He  had  two  servants,  Samuel  Hedge  and  John  Adams, 
who  afterwards  married  his  two  daughters. 

JOHN  ADAMS,  of  Chester,  Burlington  Co.,  N.  J. ;  will  dated  19  March,  1679 ;  no 
date  of  probate ;  names  w.  Elisabeth  and  ch. :  Mary,  Martha,  Hannah, 
Deborah,  Abigail,  Marcy,  Feby,  Thomas,  Rebeckah. 


PETER  ALLER,  prob.  came  to  Phila.  15  Sept.,  1752,  in  ship  Two  Brothers  ;  m. 
Elisabeth  ;  will  "Am well"  17  May,  1773,  prob.  April,  1778,  (Trenton  Lib.  21, 
fol.  266)  names  3  sons  and  7  daughters. 

I.  Peter,  m.  Anna,  had  ch. ;  John,  b.  15  Nov.  1768  ;  Jacob,  b.  15  April, 
1771  ;  George,  b.  15  Aug.  1773  ;  Annn   b.  13  August    1777,  m.  Fred- 
Apgar  (8.  Peter). 
II.  John. 

III.  Philip. 

IV.  Mart. 

V.  Rebeckah. 

Aller — Alpock  231 

VI.  Rachel. 
VII.  Sarah. 
VIII.  Catherine. 
IX.  Elisabeth. 
X.  Anna. 


Tradition  says  that  three  brothers,  William.  George  and  Peter  Alpock,  (Ohlbach, 
Albach,  Alpaugh  or  Alpock),  came  from  Holland  in  the  year  General  Washington 
was  born,  or  1732.  On  Rupp's  lists  we  find  that  in  1734,  Sept.  23,  there  landed  at 
Phila.  from  the  ship  Hope.  Daniel  Reid,  Master,  Zacharias  Ahlbach,  John  Wilhelm 
Ahlbach  and  under  16,  Johann  Wilhelm,  Joh.  Gerhard  and  Johann  Peter  Ahlbach. 
These  all  belonged  to  a  generation  before  the  one  to  which  we  have  been  able  to 
trace  the  families  of  that  name  now  in  this  section. 

In  1735  Zacharias  and  William  Alback  were  occupying  parts  of  the  "  Society 
Land"  in  Hunterdon  Co.  The  three  brothers  referred  to  in  the  tradition,  stated 
above,  were  probably  of  the  second  generation.  Repeated  inquiries  have  failed  to 
discover  the  relationship  between  the  families  of  German  Valley  and  those  at 
Cokesbury  and  High  Bridge. 

Alpocks  of  German  Vallet. 
MORRIS  ALPOCK  (Ahlbach  or  Albach),  occupied  or  owned  land  near  Augus- 
tine Reid's  on  the  road  from  Bartley  to  Stephen's  mill ;  m.  prob.  Anna  Eick 
idau.  Phil.) ;  will  dated  or  probated.  1769,  Jan.  9,  witnesses,  Coonrad  Rarich, 
Tetrich  Struble,  Augustine  Reid  ;  executors,  "  my  wife"  and  Phil.    Dxe  ;  will 
names  3  eh.:  John  William,  Philip  and  Elisabeth. 
I.  JOHN  WILLIAM,  s.  of  Morris  ;  b.  1736  or  7  ;  d.  1811,  June  13.  at  74  ;  m. 
Elisabeth  Sharp,  dau.  of  Morris  ;  b.  1741 ;  d.  1817,  Dec.  19.     Bought  in 
1773  a  farm  of  '-25  acres.  (Theo.  Coleman  farm) ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  MORRIS,  b.  1761,  May  17  ;  d.  1835:  m.  Catherine  Rarick  ;  b.  1761, 
May  16  :  d.  1826  :  res.  Naughright :  had  ch. : 

1.  Peter,  b.  1787,  Jan.  1. 

2.  William,  b.  1791,  June  9. 

3.  John,  b.  1794,  Oct.  14. 

4.  Elisabeth,  b.  1797,  Jan.  1  :  m.  George  Sharp,  s.  of  George. 

5.  David. b.  1802,  Dec.  2  :m.  Rachel  Clouse,  dau.  of  Jacob;  hadch: 

(1).  Morris,  b.  1S27.  May  23  ;  m.  Emma  Weyer. 

(2).  Mart  A.  Welsh,  b.  1830,  July  28;  m.  Jacob  Swartz, 

3.  of  David. 
(3).  George,  b.    1832,  July  7  ;  m.  Angeline  Thorp,  dau.  of 
(II).  MATTHIAS,  b.  1763  ;  d.  1844,  July  1  ;  m.  Elisabeth  Rhinehart,  dau. 
John  .Adam  ;  b.  1780,  Jan.  14;  d.  1834.  Aug.  12;  (near  Succasunna). 

1.  William,  b.  1797,  Sept.  7  ;  m.  Huldah  Howell. 

2.  Davtd,  b.  1799  ;  d.  1837  ;  unmarried. 

3.  George,  m.  Elisabeth  Jane  Heldebrant,  daughter  of  Chris- 


4.  Matthias,  b.    1811;  d.  1833;  m.  1834  (?),  Dec.  24,  Charity 

Apgar  (J). 

5.  Adam  R.,  b.   1812,  Dec.  24  ;  m.   Harriet  Gardiner,   b.   1312, 

April  3. 

232  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(1).  Sarah  E. ;  m.  Martin  R.  Heldebrant,  s.  of  Christopher. 

(2).  Mary  Ann  ;  m.  Will  Hazen. 

(3).  Eliza  J.;  m.  Noah  M.  Lefever. 

(4).  "William  ;  m.  Zeubie  N.  Pool,  daughter  of  "William. 

6.  Maurice  S. ;  m.  Mary  D.  King. 

7.  Charity  ;  m.  John  Hart. 

8.  Elisabeth  ;  m.  "Win.  Logan. 

(III).  ELISABETH,  b.  1766,  Feb.  28  ;  d.  1836  ;  m.  John  Rarick,  on  Rarick 

(TV).  JOHN,  b.  1768  (?)  ;  d.  1821,  March  30  (?)  ;  m.  Mary  Rarick,  widow  of 

Anton  Waldorf  ;  had  child  Mart,  who  m.  Gilbert  Budd,  s.  of  Jos. 
(V).  MARY,  b.  1770  (?)  ;  m.  Martin  Rhinehart,  s.  of  Adam.     (Between 

Hacklebarney  and  Fairmount) . 
(VI).  "WILLIAM,   b.    1774  ;  d.   1851,   Sept.   12  ;  m.  Patience   Larason  ;  b. 

1781  ;  d.  1824,  Oct.  23:  (res.  "  Burnt  Tavern") ;  hadch.: 

1.  Elisabeth,  b.  1801,  unmarried. 

2.  Sallte,  b.  about  1805  ;  m.  Robert  Henry  ;  d.  at  Newark. 

3.  Mary  A.,  b.  about  1808  ;  m.  Robert  Dickereon. 

4.  John,  b.  about  1813  ;  d.  1824,  at  12  years. 

(VII).  PETER,  b.  1778  ;  m.  Anna  Barbara  Aury,  went  to  Canada  abt.  1810. 

1.  Elisabeth,  b.  1806. 

2.  Mary,  b.  1808. 

3.  Catherine. 

4.  John. 

II.  PHILIP,  pern.  m.  Elsa  Catherine  Cramer  (dau.  Matthias),  but  she  was 

born  1779. 

Alpocks  of  Cokesbury. 

JOHN  ALPOCK,  b.  1739  ;  d.  1821,  April  1,  at  82 ;  m.  (1)  Elisabeth  ;   (2) ; 

had  three  children,  John  William,  Mary  and  Sophia  by  his  first  wife,  and 
three,  George,  Eva  and  Peter  by  his  second. 

(D.  JOHN  WILHELM,  b.  1768,  Dec.  26  ;    m.   Cath.  Apgar,  dau.  of 
Herbert  :  had  ch. : 

1.  William,  m.  Charity  Apgar  ;  had  one  child  Conrad  who  m. 

Mary  Sutton,  dau.  of  Peter. 

2.  John,  b.  1797,  June  11  ;  m.  Katie  Eick  ;  had  3  ch. :  George,  d. 

young;  Amos  and  Mary  (at  High  Bridge). 

3.  Peter,  m.  Mary  Eick,  dau.  Geo. ;  had  8  ch. :  John,  m.  Sarah 

Apgar  ;  Effie,  m.  Wesley  Henry;  Morris  E.,  m.  Hannah 
Wean ;  Lydia  Ann,  m.  Wm.  Foregus  ;  George,  m.  Elisabeth 

Lance  ;  Philip,  m. Read  ;  Mary  Cath.,  m.  John  Read  ; 

Stephen  R.  E.,  m.  Cath.  Lance,  dau.  Wm.  M. 

4.  Elisabeth,  b.  1802,  June  2  ;  m.  John  H.  Creger. 

5.  George,  m.  Sophia  Eick,  dau.  of  Geo.  (Potterstown) ;  had 

3  ch.:y  William,  m. Alpock,  dau.  of  George  ;  Harrison, 

unm. ;  a  daughter,  m. Hoffman. 

6.  Nicholas,   m.   Sally  A.   Sutton,   dau.   of  Peter;   had   ch.: 

Charity,  m.  David  T.  Apgar,  s.  of  Isaac  A. ;  Elisabeth,m. 
Garret  Stryker,  s.  of  John  B. ;  Mary,  m.  John  Apgar, 
(Clinton);  Fanny,  m.  Jonathan  Van  Fleet;  Isaac,  died; 

Alpock  233 

Amanda,  died  ;  John,  unm. 
7.  Effte,  m.  TunLson  Johnson. 
(II).  MARY,  unmarried. 

(III).  SOPHIA,  b.  1771,  May  30  ;  m.  Wm.  Alpock,  s.  of  Wm. 
(IV).  GEORGE,  b.  1777,  Jan.  28  ;  m.  Mary  Sutton,  dau.  of  Aaron  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Aaron,  m.  (1)  Sarah  Apgar;  (2)  Catherine  Thompson. 

2.  Elisabeth,  m.  Jacob  Eick,  s.  of  George. 

3.  Mart,  m.  Cornelius  Wyckoff. 

4.  Isaac,  m.  Mary  Jane  Lindabery. 

5.  William  G.  Jr.,  m.  (1)  Mary  Apgar,  dau.  of  Jacob  ;  (8)  Anna 

Alpock,  dau.  of  Wm. 

6.  George,  m. Teats. 

(V).  EVA,  b.  1779,  Feb.  21. 

(VI).  PETER,  b.  1781,  Feb.  12  ;  m.  Annie  Apgar,  dau.  of  Peter  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  John,  died  young. 

2.  Peter,  m.  Mary  Teats,  dau.  of  John. 

3.  Wm.  Peter,  m.  Martha  Apgar,  dau.  of  Nicholas. 
.     4.  Mart,  m.  David  F.  Apgar,  s.  of  Wm. 

5.  George,  m.  Elisabeth  Apgar,  dau.  of  Herbert  2d. 

Alpocks  op  High  Bridge. 

I.  JOHN  WM.  ALPOCK,  b.  1732  ;  d.  1817,  April  13  ;  m.  (1)  Anna  Eick  ;  (2)  Else 
Mary  Henry  ;  occupied  or  bought  184  acres  land  in  High  Bridge  Twp.,  lot  No. 
1  on  Allen  and  Turner  map  1802  ;  had  three  children  by  his  first  wife,  and  two 
by  his  second  : 

(I).  JOHN,  b.  1762,  Aug.  4  ;  m.  Annie  Apgar,  dau.  of  Herbert  ;  had  one 
child  ;  (res.  Cokesbury  and  Round  Valley) ;  had  ch. : 

1.  William,  b.  1795,  May  2  ;  d.  1886,  Oct.  13  ;  m.  Mary  Conover, 
dau.  of  Rulof  ;  had  ch. 
(1).  Ann,  b.  1818.  Jan.;  m.  Wm.  G.  Alpock,  s.  of  George. 
(2).  Sarah,  b.  1820,  Oct.  22  ;  m.  Peter  E.  Wyckoff,  s.  of  Peter. 
(3).  John,  b.  1823,  Oct.  12  ;  m.  Jane  H.  Lee,  dau.  of  John. 
(4).  Elisabeth,  b.   1826,  Feb.;  m.  Martin  Wyckoff,  s.   of 
John  M. 
(II).  J.  WILLIAM,  b.  1769.  May  18  ;  will  dated  or  prob.  1850.  Nov.  28  :  m. 
Sophia  Alpock,   daughter  of   John  ;  (Spruce   Run   Cross   Roads, 
near  High  Bridge) ;  had  ch. ; 

1.  Elisabeth,  b.  1791 ;  died  young. 

2.  Mart,  unmarried. 

3.  Ann,  m.  Jacob  Tunison. 

4.  John,  m.  Margaret  Felmley,  dau.  of  David  ;  had  ch. :  Sophia, 

m.  Geo.  A.  Apgar;  Elisabeth;  Nathan,  unm. ;  David;  Levi. 

5.  William,  b.  1797  ;  m.  Mary  Wean  ;  had  two  ch. :   Levi  and 


6.  Effie,  m.  Peter  Cregar.  dau.  of  Andrew. 
(III).  MARY,  m.  Peter  Apgar,  s.  of  Herbert. 

(IV).  GEORGE  ALPOCK,  b.   1778,  Jan.  2;  m.  1798,  Jan.  20,  Mary  Mc- 
Daniel ;  b.  1776  ;  d.  1862,  April ;  had  eh.: 

1.  William  G.,  b.  1799,  May  11 ;  d.  1871,  April  26  ;  m.  Sarah 
Shannon,  nee  Clover,  dau.  Sam'l ;  d.  1890,  Aug.  17,  at  90 

234  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

years,  8  months,  5  days  ;  had  ch. : 
(1).  Mart  Ann,  m.  Harrison  Apgar,  s.  of  Peter. 
(2).  Nancy,  m.  Jaco')  Tiger,  s.  of  Christopher. 
(3).  Geo.  Nelson,  m.  Susan  Crammar,  dau.  of  Geo.  G. 
(4).  Sylvester,  m.  (ll  Clarissa  Apgar  ;  (2)  Abbey  Case. 
(5).  Elisabeth,  m.  John  H.  Crammer,  s.  of  Geo.  G. 
(6).  Emily,  m.  Luther  Hoffman,  s.  of  Wm.  H. 

2.  John,  b.  1801,  Nov.  3 ;  m.  Elisabeth  Evans. 

3.  James,  b.  1803,  March  20  ;  m.  Eliza  V. 

4.  George,  b.  1S05,  April  7  ;  m.  Annie  Youngs;  (Whitehouse) . 

5.  Peter,  b.  1807,  Mar.   1  ;  m.   Mary  Youngs;  (2  miles  south 

Clinton) ;  had  ch. : 
(1).  Emanuel,     (West). 
(2).  Wesley,  m.  Elisabeth  Emery. 

(3) .  George,  m. Youngs. 

(4).  William,  m.  (1) ;  (Ji . 

(5).  Edward,  m.  (1) ;  (2) ;  (3| . 

(6).  Lydia  Ann,  m.  George  Streeter. 
(7).  Rachel,  m.  Hezekiah  Kipbardt. 
(8).  Emma,      (West). 
(9).  Elisabeth,  m.  John  Stout,  Newark. 
(10).  Kate,  m.  Mansfield  Hummer. 

6.  Sarah  Ann,  b.  1813,  April  6  ;  m.  Peter  Lowe,  (brother  to 

John  i. 

7.  Elisabeth,  b.  1815,  Oct.  29  ;  m.  Joshua  Henderson. 

8.  Mary,  b.  1817,  Sept.  5  ;  m.  Elijah  Stout ;  d.  1891,  Sept.,  in 

83d  yr. 

9.  Rachel,  b.  1819,  Nov.  12  ;  m.  Dan'l  V.  Woolverton,  (Easton). 
(V).  ELISABETH,  b.  1787,  April  2  ;  died  young. 

II.  GEORGE   ALPOCK,  bro.   to  John  Wm.    (High  Bridge) ;   m.  Anna  Maria  ; 
"settled  on  road  from  Bray's  Hill  to  Cokesbury";  had  at  least  one  child, 
Eva,  b.  1770,  Feb.  3. 
III.  PETEP>.,  bro.  to  John  Wm. ;  m.  Anna  ;  settled  in  Alexandria  twp. ,  Hunterdon 
Co. ;  had  children  : 

(I).  WILLIAM,  b.  1762  ;  d.  1820,  Mar. 9,  at  64  :  m.  Hannah;  b.  1765,  Dec. ; 
d.  184S.  April  3,  at  77  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Mary,  b.  1797,  Nov.  20. 

2.  Carter,  b.  1800,  Feb.  7. 
(II).  ANN   MARIA,  b.  1766,  April  IS. 

ail).  HANS   THEIS,  (John  Matthias),  b.  1770,  Dec.  8  ;  d.  1830,  May  5  ; 
m.  Elisabeth,  (or  Eliza) ;  b.  1775,  Dec.  3  ;  d.  1830,  May  11 ;  had  ch. : 

1.  William,  b.  1797,  Jan.  14. 

2.  John,  b.  1800,  May  16. 
(IV).  JACOB,  b.  1772,  Sept.  28. 

(V).  GERTRATJD,  b.  1775,  May  14. 
(VI).  JOHN,  m.  Sarah,  had  one  child, 
Elisabeth,  b.  1796,  May  29. 


DIRCK  JANS  [i.  e.  Richard,  son  of  John],  at  Flatlands,  L.  I.,  1650  :  deacon  in 


Amerman — Anthony  235 

that  ch.  1693 ;  prob.  had  ch.  or  grdch. : 

I.  NICHOLAS,  Sourland,  Som.  Co.,  N.  J. ;  will,  1777,  April  12,  prob.  Oct. 
25  ;  names  w.  Neeltje  and  ch. :  Daniel ;  Neeltye  bap.  April  6,  17S5,  at 
Readington,  N.  J. ;  Aaltje ;  John ;  Sarah,  wife  of  John  "Wyckoff. 
II.  JACOBUS,  Som.  Co.,  N.  J.;  will,  7  June,  1776,  prob.  1  Feb.  1777; 
names  w.  Mariah  and  ch.:  Hendrick;  Albert,  prob.  m.  Francis  bet". 
1735  ;  Poviel  [Paul  ?] ;  Isaac  prob.  m.  Jannetje  and  had  Jannetje,  bap. 
3  May,  1747;  Peter;  Mary;  Francinche;  Anne;  perh.  also  Dirck  m. 
Leena  and  had  Albert,  bap.  8  July,  1733. 
in  and  IV  perh.  DIRCK  and  ALBERT  (see  ch.  of  Jacobus). 

Albert,  buried  Chester  Cem. ;  b.  6  March,  17S4 ;   d.  18  March,  1855  ; 
was  prob.  grandson  of  one  of  the  above. 


PAUL  ANTHONY  came  from  Germany  in   the  brigantine   Perthamboy  from 
Rotterdam,  last  from  Dover,  1736,  Oct.  19.     His  name  is  on  Foxenberg  sub- 
scription list  before  1749 ;  probably  came  from  Strasburg  ;   had  only  one  son 
so  far  as  is  known,  viz. : 
I.  PHILIP,  m.  Elisabeth  Dewitt,  who  d.  1813  ;  will  probated  (Newton,  N.  J.) 
1813,  April  9 ;  lived  near  Newton  until  after  Revolution,  when  he  re- 
moved to  Penwell,  but  the  eldest  son  remained  in  Sussex  Co.  and  is  the 
ancestor  of  the  Anthonys  in  that  region.    The  homestead  was  on  the 
site  of  the  farm  of  eithar  John  Anthony  or  Jacob  Miller  or  both,  in 
Independence  township,  Warren  County. 
(I).  ELISABETH,  b.  1751,  May  9  ;  d.  1825,  May  28  ;  m.  Jacob  Lininger  ; 

b.  1753,  July  25  ;  d.  1833,  Aug.  15  ;  lived  near  White  Hall. 
(II).  PHILIP,  JR.,  b.  1756,  July  21;  d.  1850,  May  8;  m.  1779,   Apr.   5, 
Mary  Moore  b.  1756.  May  22  ;  d.  1851,  Sept.  22  ;  had  oh  : 

1.  Paul  b.  1780,  Apr.  3 ;  d.  1875  at  94 ;  m.   1803,   Feb.  23,   Cathe- 

rine Perry,  dau.  Adam  ;  b.  1785,  July  7  ;  d.  1S39  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  John,  b.  1804.  Jan.  10.  m.  Anna  Mc Crey ;  (2).  Philip,  b. 
1805,  Feb.  17,  m.  Catherine  Tiger;  (3).  David,  b.  1806, 
Nov.  23,  m.  Catherine  Sharp  ;  had  son,  John  Wesley, 
who  had  a  s.  Wm;  (4).  Jacob,  b.  1808,  May  5.  m.  Susan 
Johnson;  id).  Maria,  b.  1810,  Oct.  14.  m.  Harmon  Diltz  ; 
(6).  Rosina,  b.  1812,  Mar.  19;  (7).  Jesse,  b.  1819,  June  2. 
m.  Rachel  Park  ;  (8).  George,  b.  1822,  Feb.  19,  d.  yg  ; 
(9).  Zipha,  b.  1823,  d.  yg  ;  (10).  Joseph  H.,  b.  1826,  m. 
Mary  Beatty. 

2.  Elisabeth,  m.  Jacob  Castner,  s.  Daniel. 

3.  A.  Rosina,  b.  1785,  June  6  ;  m.  John  Anderson. 

4.  Mabt,  b.  1788,  May  20 ;  m.  Wm.  Lance,  3.  Peter. 

5.  Susanna,  b.  1790,  May  17 ;  d.  yg. 

6.  Jacob,   b.    1794,   May  20 ;  m.  Mary  Beatty,  dau.  Jas. ;   had  eh. : 

Nathan,  of  German  Valley,  m.  Ann  Swackhamer,  dau.  Jacob, 
and  has  James,  m.  Fanny  Hoffman,  dau.  Noah ;  Mary  L.  m. 
John  J.  Swayze,  s.  Joseph. 

7.  Eva  b.  1801,  Mar.  18  ;  m.  Jacob  Beatty,  s.  Jas. 

(ill).  PAUL,  m.  1783,  Dec.  18,  Cornelia  Van  Buskirk,  moved  to  Shamokin 
section.  Pa. ;  had  ch. : 

236  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

1.  Philip  b.   1784,  Aug.  24  ;  2.    Esther  b.    1786,   Jan.  26  ;  3.   A 
Maria  b.  178S,  Jan.  6  ;  4.  Thomas  b.  1790,  Feb.  18. 
(TV).  MART,  (?)  b.  1758,  (?) :  confirmed  at  16  in  1774. 
(V).  EVA,  m.  Andrew  Miller. 

(VI).  DANIEL,  b.  1764  ;  d.  1832  ;  m.  1793,  Mar.  28,  Elisabeth  Earns,  dau. 
Christopher,  b.  1766,  Feb.  14  :  d.  1847  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Catherine,  b.  1794,  Apr.  13  ;  m.  Fritz  Schwackhammer.  s.  John. 

2.  John',  b.  1797,  Jan.  7  ;  m.  Rebecca  Lee  :  had  ch. : 

(1).  Daniel,  m.  Elisabeth  Hoffman,  dau.  Henry  H.;  hadch.: 

John,  Henry,  Jacob,  Catherine. 
(2).  Catherine,. d.  yg. 

3.  Fred.  b.  1801,  Aug.  7;  m.  Mehetable  VanNatta,  dau.  Stephen; 

d.  1840  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  Elisabeth,  m.  Henry  P.  Stryker,  s.  Martin. 

(2).  Jacob,  m.  Henrietta  Johnson  (111.)  and  had  Mary  and 

(3).  David,  d.  at  3  yrs. 
(4).  Mart,  m.  Sylvester  Lake. 
(5).  George,  m.  Lettie  Mulner,  (Lamington) ;  had  ch.: 

Ehna,  Mary  Virginia,  Fred.,  Bella.  Charles,  Bertha, 
Luther,  Julia  and  Henry  P.,  who  was  raised  by  Jacob 
Earn  and  inherited  his  farm. 
(VII).  ROSINA.(£eenei/),b.  1769,  June  9;  d.  1843.  Nov.  9:  m.  Andrew  Moore; 
b.  1764,  May  15  ;  d.  1846,  June  1,  (near  Glen  Gardner). 
The  name  of  the  eldest  son.  who  remained  near  Newton,  is  unknown,  and  no 
trace  of  his  descendants  can  be  found. 


The  Apgar  (originally  Ebgert,  then  Ebcher)  family  came  from  the  borders  of 
Lombardy.  in  Italy,  to  Phila.,  perhaps  in  1749,  Sep.  13.  at  which  time  Johan 
Adam  Ebert's  name  was  signed  by  the  clerk  to  the  oath  of  allegiance.  The  first 
one  of  the  name  was  JOHAN  ADAM,  who  is  said  to  have  been  one  of  the  two 
brothers,  who  came  to  this  country,  the  other  one  going  to  Monmouth  Co.  This 
John  Adam  had  ten  sons  and  one  daughter,  viz. :  Herbert,  settled  east  of  Cokes- 
burg,  N.  J.;  Henry,  settled  in  Alexandria  twp.,  Hunt.  Co.,  N.  J.:  Jacob,  settled 
west  of  Cokesburg,  N.  J.;  Peter,  of  Lebanon,  K.  J.;  John  Peter,  of  Lebanon 
twp.,  Hunt.  Co.,  N.  J.;  William,  of  the  neighborhood  of  Clinton;  Adam,  of 
Cokesburg  ;  FREDERick,  of  Alexandria  twp.,  Hunt.  Co.,  N.  J. ;  Conrad,  of  Moun- 
tainsvUle,  Hunt.  Co.,  N.  J. ;  George,  who  went  west ;  Catherine,  the  only  dau., 
who  married,  first,  John  Emery,  and  second,  John  Sharp. 

I.  HERBERT,  of  East  Cokesburg  ;  will  dated   1800,  June  6,  prob.  Aug.  6  ;  m., 
first,  ;    second,   Anna  Eick  ;  mentioned  in  will,    "wife  Anna 

and  eleven  children  : " 

(I).  ANNE,  b.  1756  ;  m.  John  W.  Alpock,  s.  of  Wm. 
(II).  PETER,  Sr.,  b.  1759  ;  d.  1846  ;  m.,  first,  Mary  A.  Alpock,  dau.  Wm. ! 
b.  1 759  ;  d.  1820  at  61 ;  second.  Christian  Anderson,  dau.  of  Richard  r 
d.  1831,  Oct.  2,  at  54  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  ("Gov.")  William,  b.  1780,  Nov.  9  ;  m.  Elisabeth  Apgar. 

2.  Anna,  m.  Peter  Alpock. 

3.  Elisabeth,  m.  James  Everitt. 

Apgar  237 

4.  Herbert,    m.    Elisabeth  Anderson ;  had   ch. :    Catherine,   b. 

1808,  Jan.  15  ;  m.  Leon  N.  Flumervelt ;  Peter,  b.  1810,  May  27  ; 
m-  Rachel  Apgar,  dau.  of  Peter  :  Margaret,  b.  1812,  June  23  ; 
m.  Richard  Farley,  s.  of  Rich. ;  George,  b.  1815,  Jan.  12  :  m. 
Mary  Waters,  dau.  of  John  ;  Emily,  b.  1817,  Apr.  3  ;  m.  Fred. 
Trimmer,  s.  of  Christopher ;  Naomi,  b.  1817,  Apr.  3  ;  m.  Andrew 
Wack ;  Sa_muel,  b.  1819,  Aug.  20  ;  m.  Mary  A.  Plum  ;  Chris- 
tians, b.  1821,  Sept.  30  ;  m.  Fred.  ;  Elisabeth,  b.  1824, 
Mar.  28 ;  unni.;  Matilda,  b.  1826,  Sept.  11 ;  m.  Peter  Crater,  s. 
of  Philip  :  Leonard,  b.  1831.  Oct.  9  ;  m.  Mary  Ellen  Linaberry, 
dau.  of  Wm. 

5.  Mary,  m.  John  Everitt,  bro.  to  James. 

6.  Sarah,  m.  Will  Beavers,  s.  of  George. 

7.  Margaret,  m.  Phil.  Crater,  s.  of  Phil. 

8.  Peter,  b.  1795,  Dec.  19 ;  m.  Elizabeth  Crater,  dau.  of  George. 

9.  John,  b.  1798,  Apr.  15 ;  m.  Charity  Cramer,  dau.  of  George. 

10.  George,  m.  Catherine  Wean. 

11.  Catherine,  b.  1799,  June  1,  \>). 

12.  Rachel,  b.  1801,  June  10 ;  m.  PhiL  Alpock. 

<III).  MARGARET,  b.  1761,  May  15  ;  d.  1841,  at  80  ;  m.  Jacob  Eick  ;  b.  1744, 

June  15  ;  d.  1819,  Dec.  30. 
<IV).  GEORGE,  b.  1763 ;  d.  1846,  July  29 ;  m.,  first,  Peggy  Apgar,  dau.  of 
Adam  ;  b.  1766 ;  d.  1818  ;  second,  Ruhamah  Everitt ;  b.  1795  ;  d. 
1873,  at  78  ;  had  one  ch. :    Mary,  m.  Lewis  Emery. 
(V).  JOHN,  b.  1764,  Oct.  25 ;  m.  Catherine  Apgar,  dau.   of  John  Peter, 
b.  1766,  Nov.  1 ;  lived  at  Whitehall ;   had  ch. :    Peter,   b.    1786, 
Sept.  3,  d.  yg. ;  Catherine,  b.  1788,  Sept  0.  d.  yg. ;  Elisabeth, 
b.  1790,  Sept.  12,   unm.,  d.  at  78  ;  George,  b.  1793,  Jan.  7,   unm., 
d.  at  72  ;  Anne,  b.  1795,  Nov.  20 ;  unm. ;  d.  at  71 :  William,   b. 
1798,  Apr.  5,   d.  yg. ;  John,  b.  1800,   Mar.  '.) ;  Jacob,  b.  1S02,  Apr. 
23  ;  Peter,  b.  1604.  May  27  ;  Mary.  b.  1806.  June  26 ;  these  five 
last  all  d.  yg. ;  Jesse  Apgar,  near  Whitehall,  is  a  gr'ndson  of  John. 
(VT).  WILLIAM,  m.  Ann  Bunn. 

(VII).  CATHERINE,  b.  1769,  Apr.  24;  m.  John  ("Honey")  Alpock,  s.  of 


iVIID.  HERBERT,  b.  1769  (or70);  willprob.  1854.  Oct.7;  m.  Mary  Crammer ; 

had  ch. :    Ann  ;  Ruth,  m.  Wm.  Felmly  :  George,  unm.;  John  M., 

m.  Hannah  Farley,  dau.  of  Minert  ;  Elijah,  m.  Mary  Apgar,  dau. 

of  Jacob ;  Paul,  m.  Mary  Crammer,  dau.  of  John ;  Elisabeth, 

m.  Geo.  Alpoch,  s.  of  Peter ;  Ellen,  m.  David  L.  Everitt,  s.  of 

John  ;  Catherine,  m.  James  J.  Smith. 

(IX).  PAUL,  b.  1772  ;  m.  first,  Eick,  dau.  Peter  ;  second,  Hannah 

Apgar,  dau.  Conrad  ;   third,  Nancy  Todd.  dau.  of  James  ;   had  one 

ch.,  Mary,  who  m.  first,  Eick  ;  second,  Conrad  Apgar.  s.  of  Joshua. 

(X).  EVA,  b.  1770,  May  20  ;  m.  John  Teats,  s.  of  Adam  ;  b.  1779,  Feb.  11. 

XI).  MARY,  b.  1183,  Nov.       ;  d.  1862.  Dec,  at  79  yrs.,  1  mo.,  15  dys. ;  m. 

Peter  Teats,  s.  of  Adam  ;  b.  1776,  May  16.    (Order  as  named  in  will). 

II.  HEINRICH  (or  Henry)  Apgar,  b.  1745 ;  d.    1832,  Oct.  19,  at  S6 ;   m.  first, 

Anna  Maria  Nixon  ;  second,  a  Groendyke  ;  went  to  Phila.  to  keep  hotel,  then 

returned  to  Palmyra,  Hunt.  Co.,  and  bot.  100  acres,  1791,  March  30  ;  had  ch. : 

238  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(I).  A  Eva.  b.  1770,  Aug.  27:  (II).  David,  b.  1772,  Aug.  23;  (IID- 
Henry;  (IV).  William,  b.  1786;  d.  1856.  at  about  70;  m.  Elisa- 
beth Bloom,  dau.  of  Jacob;  had  ch.:  Frank,  m.  Annie  Bray, 
dau.  of  John;  Fred.,  b.  1S21,  Nov.  18,  m.  Euphemia  Pittenger, 
dau.  of  Abram;  George;  Isaac,  m.  Rachel  Lowe,  dau.  "Capt;" 
Henry,  m.  Elisabeth  Young,  dau.  Peter;  Samuel,  m.  Martie 
Lawrence;  (V).  Frank,  d.  yg.;  (VI).  Mary,  m.  Isaac  Bloom,  s. 
of  Jacob;  (VII).  Annie,  m.  Sam.  Schuyler;  (VIII).  Nancy,  m. 
Solomon  Hoppock. 
III.  JACOB,  b.  1746,  July  18,  d.  1814,  May  6,  at  67  yrs.,  9  mo.,  18  dys.,  m.  Hannah 
Charity  Pickle,  dau.  of  Conrad  ;  had  ch. : 

(I)    ANNA,  b.  1770,  Feb.  1,  m.  Herman  Henry. 
(II).  FEED.,  b.  1772,  June  11,  d.  1840,  Jan.  20,  m.  Eva  Hoffman,  dau.  of 
Harmon,  b.  1775,  Dec.  25,  d.  1858,  Feb.  23  ;  had  ch. : 
1.  Anna,    b.    1794,    m.    Geo.    Hoffman,    s.    of   Wm.;    2.    Jacob, 
("Guinea   Jake")    b.    1794,  m.    Cath.    Apgar,    dau.    of   William  r 
3.  Conrad  P..    ("Swamp   Coon")  b.   1800,  m.  Mary  Apgar,  dau. 
of  William;  4.   Nicholas,  b.   180S,  March  10,  m.  Delilah  Apgar  v 
dau.   of  William;  5.   Frederick,  b.   1806,   May   1,  m.  Mrs.  Kate 
Trimmer  Apgar.  widow  of  William  ;  6.  Charity,  b.  1809,  d.  1831: 
7.  Sallie.  m.   Aaron   Alpaugh,  s.   of  George;  8.  Mary,  b.  1818, 
m.  Elijah  Apgar,  s.  of  Herbert. 
(III).  CATHERINE,  b.  1774,  Feb.  6,  m.  Geo.  Kreamer. 
(IV).  CONRAD,  ("  Long  Coon")  b.  1776,  Apr.  8,  d.  1836,  Mar.  1,  m.  Elisa- 
beth Cramer,  dau.  of  John  or  Geo.,  b.  1776,  Apr.  23,  d.  1848,  Jan. 
16;  hadch.: 

1.  Elisabeth,  m.  first,  Peter  Rowe,  s.  of  Jacob,  second,  Peter  P. 
Apgar,    s.    of    Peter    A.;     2.    William    C,    m.    Catherine 
Felmley,  dau.  of  David ;  3.  Jacob,  b.  1802,  d.  1830,  m.  Mary 
Farley,  dau.  of  Isaac,  b.   180i,  d.  1887  ;  had  ch. :    Ann  Elisa- 
beth, m.  John  W.  Melick,  of  New  Germantown,  and    had  7 
ch.;  Catherine   C,  b.    1824,  d.   186S,  m.  Peter  W.  Melick  and 
had  10  ch.;   Maria   C,  b.   in   1827,   d.    1850,    m.    Stephen    B. 
Ramsom,  of  Jersey  City,  and  had  3  ch. :  Lydia,  res.  Streator, 
DJ.,  b.   1  Nov.,   1830.  m.  first,   Henry  T.   Hageman,  of  Bed- 
minster,    by   whom    one    son,   m.   second,   Edward  Kline,   by 
whom   6   ch.;  4.   Frederick,    m.    Catherine   Todd,    dau.    of 
James ;  5.  Charity,  m.  Wm.  Alpock,  s.  of  John ;  «.  Conrad 
P.   C,    m.    Elisabeth   Hoffman,    dau.    of   Geo.;   7.     Mariah, 
m.    Alien    Crague,    s.    of  Watson;   Harmon,    m.  first,    Erne 
Eick,  dau.  of  Geo.,  second,  unknown. 
(V).  NICHOLAS,  b.  177H,  Oct.  9,  m.  Mary  Bunn,  dau.  of  Peter  :  had  ch.: 
Jacob,  m.  Margaret  Trimmer  ;  Peter  N.,  m.  Isabel  Hoffman,  dau. 
of  Fred. ;  Abraham,  m.  Mary  A.  Apgar,  dau.  of  John  ;   Elisabeth, 
m.  Peter  J.  Philhower,  s.  of  John  ;  Charity,  m.  Andrew  Stout ; 
Catherine,  m.  Morris  Teats  ;  Anna,  m.  Oliver  Farley;  Martha, 
m.  Will.  Alpaugh. 
(VI).  SOPHIA,  b.  1780,  Nov.  14,  m.  Chas.  McKagin. 

(VII).  MATTHIAS  S.,  m.  first,  Cath.  Skureman  (no  children) ;  second,  Elsie 
Hoffman,  dau.  of  Fred.,  and  wid.  of  Will.  Reed  ;  had  ch. :  Amanda, 

Apgar  239 

m.  Joseph  Lommerson  ;    Mary,   m.   Simon  Apgar,  s.  of  Conrad ; 
John  L.,   m.    Eliza  Fotter,   dau.   of  Daniel ;   Huldah,  m.   Aaron 
Farley,   s.   of  Minert. 
(VIII).  SALLIE,  b.  1785,  June  16,  m.  McClosky  Skureman. 
(IX).  EFFIE  ELISABETH,  b.  1787,  Dec.  26,  m.  John  S.  Melick,  s.  of  David. 
(X).  JOHN  CASPER,  b.  1790,  Apr.  6,  m.  first,  Elisabeth  Best,  dau.  of 
Andrew,  second,  Nancy  Carlisle,  dau.  of  John  ;  had  ch. :    Jacob  B., 
m.  Elisabeth  Schuyler,  dau.  of  Andrew ;  Ann,  m.  Daniel  Seals  ; 
Elisabeth,  m.  John  P.  Sutton,  s.  of  Peter  ;  Polly,  unm. ;  John  R., 
m.  Susan  Schuyler,  dau.  of  Andrew;  Casper  P..  m.  Rachel  Phil- 
hower,  dau.  of  Phil.  2d ;  Andrew,  m.  Eliza  Brown  ;  hnmanucl,  m. 
Hannah  Hellebrant,  dau.  of  Matthias. 
(XI).  JACOB,  b.  1794,  Apr.  6,  m.  Hannah  Apgar,  dau.  of  Conrad  ;  had  10 
or  12  children  :     Matthias ;  Ann ;  James,  m.  dau.  of  Peter  Lance  ; 
John,   m.    Ann   Hoffman,   dau.   of  Fred.;  Peter;  Ann,   m.  Will. 
Apgar,   s.  of  Herbert ;  Mary,  m.  Nich.  Apgar,  s.  of  Jacob,  and 
(XII).  ADAM.  m.  first,  Mary  Philhower.  dau.  of  Christopher,  second,  Betsy 
Parks ;  had  ch. :     Xathan,   m.    Catherine  Apgar,   dau.   of   Fred ; 
Charity ;  Matthias,  b.  7  April,  1823,  m.  Amanda  Linaberry,  dau. 
Herbert,  and  had  James  M.,  Conductor  for  about  15  years  on  High 
Bridge  Branch  C.  R.  R.,  and  Mary  Louisa,  who  m.  Will  Walters  ; 
Benjamin;  Fred.;  Adam,  m.   Elisabeth  Lance;  Nicholas;  Cath- 
erine, m.  Orts  ;  Emma. 
IV.  PETER,  of  Lebanon,  m.  first,  Cath.  Clover,  second,  unknown;  had  ch.: 
(1).  JOHN,  b.  176S,  Apr.  27,  m.  Elisabeth  Emery. 
(II).  JACOB,  b.  1770,  Sept.  4. 

(III).  FREDERICK,  b.  1772,  Aug.  30,  d.  1856,  Apr.  10.  m.  .Annie  Aller.  dau. 
of  Peter,  b.  1777.  Aug.  5.  d.  1844,  June  3  ;  had  ch. ; 
Peter  A.,   b.   1798,   Mar.   4,   m.  first.    Harnett  Abbott,   second, 
unknown  ;  2.  Henry   A.,   b.    1801,   June   8,   m.  Mary  Roland  ;  3. 
William  A.,   b.    180-1.  Sept.   8,   m.    Ellen   Hoffman,   s.   of  wm. ; 

4.  Fred.  A.,  b.  1806.  Aug.  5,  m.  Eiek,  dau.  of  Tunis  ; 

5.  George  A.,  b.  1808,  Jan.  10,  m.  Martha  Tiger,  d.  of  Jacob  ; 
Jacob ;  6.  Anna,  b,  1809,  Dec.  17,  unm. ;  7.  Sarah,  b.  1812,  Jan. 
12,  unm.;  8.  Isaac  A.,  b.  1813,  Mar.  26,  m.  Anna  Rodenbaugh. 
dau.  of  Andrew;  9.  Winegarner,  b.  1816,  April  6,  d.  1858,  Aug. 
16,  m.  Merilda  Eich,  dau.  of  Tunis. 

[XV).  SARAH,  b.  1774,  Dec.  30. 
(VI.  HENRY,  m.  first,  Mary  ;  second,  Dina  Hoffman. 

(VI).  WILI  'AM,  b.  1776,  Feb.  6,  prob.  d.  yg. 
(VII).  MARY,  m.  Smith. 

(VIII).  ELISABETH,  m.  Winegarner. 

(IX.  CATHERINA,  b.  1781,  June  12. 
(X).  PETER,  (Ithaca). 
(XI).  ISAAC,  (Ithaca). 
(XII).  PAUL. 

(XIII).  WILLIAM  C,   b.  1779,  Nov.  5,  m.  Catherine  Mc  Kinney,  b.  1771, 
Oct.  16;  had  ch.: 
1.  Abr.  McKlNNEY.  b.  1801,  July  19,  d.  1870,  July  2,  m.  Margaret 

240  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Castner,  dau.  of  Daniel,  b.  1796,  Mar.  14,  d.  1S6S,  Kay  20 ;  had 
ch. :  Samuel,  Eliza  and  Mary. 

2.  Peter  Clover,  b.  1802,  Nov.  10,  m.  Annie  Creveling,  dau.  of 
Wm.;  had  ch.:  Cornelius  Stewart,  b.  18:30,  m.  Sarah  Terry- 
berry,  dau.  of  Jacob ;  Eliza,  b.  1832,  m.  D.  M.  Welsh,  s.  of 
David ;  John  C,  b.  1834,  Sept.  9,  m.  Susan  A.  Slater,  dau.  of 
Henry;  Susan  A.,  b.  1830,  m.  Wm.  Miller,  s.  of  Andrew; 
Catherine,  b.  183S,  m.  E.  J.  Rood  ;  George,  b.  1840,  m. 
Prall,  dau.  of  John  ;  Theodore,  b.  1842,  d.  yg.;  William,  b.  1844, 
d.  yg. ;  Amanda  M.,  b.  1840,  m.  Samuel  Pritts,  s.  of  Elias  ;  Mary 
Jane,  b.  1848,  unm. ;  Samuel,  b.  1851,  unm. 

S.  Mart,  b.  1805,  Dec.  19,  m.  Joseph  Francis,  (Indiana). 

4.  John,  b.  180G,  Nov.  7,  m.  Force,  (no  children). 

5.  Catherine,  b.  1808,  Nov.  7,  m.  Woodruff  Lane. 

6.  Nicholas  Stilwell,  b.  1811,  Jan.  22,  m.  Mary  Rodenbaugh  ;  had 

ch. :  Eli  and  dau's. 

7.  Isaac  Gray  Farley,  b.  1S13,  Apr.  1. 

8.  Elisabeth,  b.  1813,  Apr.  1,  m.  Lewis  Maraenis. 

V.  JOHN  PETER,  will  dated  1792,  May  30,  prob.  July  7,  same  year,  m.  Elisabeth 
McCracken  ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  CATHERINE,  b.  1766,  Nov.  1,  m.  John  Apgar,  s.  of  Herbert. 
(II).jWILLIAM.  b.  1769,  May  20.  (according  to  tombstone,  1768,  May  22) 
d.  1835,  Feb.  19,  m.  Mary  Schuyler ;  had  ch.  (order  uncertain) : 

1.  Peter,  m.  first,  Cath.  Trimmer,  dau.  of  George  ;  second,  Hulda 

Hoffman,  dau.  of  Fred.,  d.  1815  ;  third,  Hannah  Hotrum,  dau. 

of  Fred. 

(1).  Nathan  T.,  b.  1818,  Oct.  7,  m.  first,  Mahala  Swack- 
hanier  ;  second,  Elisabeth  Flomerfelt,  dau.  of  Leon  N. : 
had  ch. :  Oeorge,  m.  first,  Lebbie  Trimmer,  dau.  of 
Geo.  C  and  second,  Emma  Neighbor,  dau.  of  Leon 
G. ;  Catherine,  m.  Silas  W.  Hance :  Melvina,  m.  Wm. 
Dellicker,  s.  of  Casper ;  Fred.,  m.  Maggie  Beavers, 
dau.  of  Wesley ;  Elisabeth,  m.  Isaac  Sharp  Vescelius, 
s.  of  Oliver ;  Eliza  Jane,  m.  Richard  Philhower,  s.  of 
Aaron ;  Willard,  m.  Mary  Welsh,  dau.  of  Samuel ; 
Lawrence,  a.  yg. ;  Aaron  S..  m.  Lizzie  Hopkins,  dau. 
of  Silas ;  Martin  Luther,  d.  yg. ;  Julietta,  m.  John 
Henry  Slater  ;  Limian,  d.  yg. ;  Emma,  d.  yg. 

(2).  Caroline,  m.  David  F.  Apgar,  s.  of  Wm.  C. 

(3).  Elias,  unmarried. 

(4).  George,  M.  D.,  unmarried. 

(5).  Stephen,  (by  third  wife)  m.  Mary  J.  Woolverton. 

(6).  John,  m.  Adaline  Lindabury. 

(7).  Ellis,  unmarried 

(8).  Gilbert,  m.  Adaline  Fritts. 

(9).  Isaac. 

(10).  Elisabeth,  m.  Mantius  Apgar,  s.  of  Jacob. 
(11).  Wm.  Eugen£,  m.  Louisa  Sutton. 
(12).  Amos,  m.  Emm  Apgar,  dau.  of  P.  K. 

2.  David,  m.  Hannah  Whitehead,  Peapack. 



3.  William,  m.  Catherine  Trimmer,  dau.  of  George. 

4.  George,  d.  young  (after  1835). 

5.  Elisabeth,  m.  Jacob  Fritts,  (Glen  Gardner). 

6.  Sophia,  b.  1811,  Oct.  15,  m.  Phil.  Hoffman,  (Mountainville) . 

7.  Mart,  m.  Conrad  P.  Apgar,  s.  of  Fred. 

8.  Catherine,  m.  Jacob  Apgar,  3.  of  Fred. 

9.  Jacob  Hance  (?). 

(III).  MARGARET,  m.  Herbert  Lance. 

(IV).  JACOB,  b.  1771,  m.  Mary  ;  had  ch. :     Conrad,  b.  1801,  March 

22  ;  Mary,  b.  1804,  Aug.  6. 
(V).  EVA  m.  Henry  Crips. 

VI.  WILLIAM,  of  Clinton,  N.  J.,  b.  1752,  d.  1836,  April  9,  m.  1774,  April  17,  Cath- 

erine Pickle,  dau.  of  Conrad,  b.  1752,  d.  1831,  Dec.  9. 
[(I).  JOANNA  GERTRUDE,  b.  1775,  March  3.] 
(LI).  HANNAH,  b.  1776,  March  3,  died  young. 
(III).  ELISABETH,  b.  1777,  d.  yg. 

(TV).  NICHOLAS  P.,  b.  1779,  June  29,  m.  Catherine  banning  ;  had  ch.: 
James,  George,  John,  Catherine  and  Maria. 
(V).  JAMES,  b.  1781,  Jan.  28  ;  unmarried. 
(VI).  WILLIAM,  b.  1782,  Oct.  29  ;  died  young. 

(VLT).  ELISABETH,  b.  1785,  June  12,  m.  Wm.  Mettler,  a.  of  William  (?). 
(VLH).  SARAH,  b.  1785,  June  12,  m.  Isaac  Bloom. 
(IX).  CATHERINE,  b.  1789,  Aug.  2  ;  died  young. 
(X).  NANCY,  b.  1792,  July  12,  m.  Samuel  Manning,  s.  of  Samuel. 
(XI).  WILLIAM,  b.  1794,  July  15  ;  died  young. 
(XLI).  GEORGE  P.,  b.  1799,  m.  Elisabeth  McPherson  (Brooklyn). 

VII.  ADAM,  d.  1815,  April,  (letters  of  administration  to  Geo.  Apgar  and  Nicholas 
Wyckoff),  m.  Anna  Barbara  Manning. 

(I).  JACOB,  b.  1769,  April  29,  m.  a  Rowe  ;  had  one  son,  Wm.  Clark. 
(II).  PETER  b.  1771,  Sept.  6. 

(HI).  PETER  A.,  b.  1773,  Feb.  13,  d.  1850,  Jan.  10,  at  76  years,  10  months, 
27  days,  m.  Ann  Stout,  dau.  of  Samuel,  b.  1782,  Oct.  16,  d.  1845, 
Aug.  6  ;  had  ch. :  Margaret,  m.  Adam  Teats,  s.  of  Adam  ;  Bar 
bara,  m.  John  Philhower,  s.  of  John  ;  Thomas,  b.  1806,  Sept.,  m 
Effle  Hoffman,  dau.  of  Peter  M. ;  Peter,  b.  1808,  April  15,  m.  first 
Sallie  Merritt ;  second,  Elisabeth  Apgar,  dau.  of  Conrad  ;  David 
m.  Effle  Force,  dau.  James  ;  Jonathan  ;  Eliza,  m.  Morris  Merrill 
s.  of  Benjamin  ;  Ellen,  in.  Edward  Buckley  ;  Harrison,  m.  first. 
Mary  A.  Alpock,  dau.  of  Wm.  G. ;  second,  Adeline  Lance,  dan.  of 
Wm. ;  Elisabeth,  m.  Jacob  Philhower,  s.  of  John  ;  Samuel,  m. 
a  Philhower,  dau.  of  Peter  ;  Isaac  O.,  m.  Hannah  M.  Lindaberry, 
dau.  of  Casper. 

(IV) .  ANNA  CATHERINE,  b.  1775,  July  6,  m.  John  Hoffman,  s.  of  Jacobus 
lV).  WILLIAM,  b.  1777,  July  31,  m.  Elsie  Cath.  Hoffman,  dau.  of  John 
b.  1774,  Aug.  7  ;  had  ch. :  John,  b.  1797,  July  18,  m.  Hannah  Pot- 
ter ;  Jacob,  b.  1799,  March  17,  m.  Cath.  Apgar ;  George,  b.  1800, 
Dec.  24,  m.  Vesie  Conrad,  (Indiana) ;  Elisabeth,  b.  1802,  Oct. 
m.  Will  Beam,  s.  of  Daniel  ;  Barbara,  b.  1804,  June  22 ;  Mar 
oaret,  b.  1806,  Jan.  23,  m.  David  Jakewish  ;  William,  b.  1807, 
Sept.  12,  m.  Anna  Beam,  dau.  of  Morris  ;  Ann,  b.  1809,  July  11,  m 

242  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Will  Trimmer,  s.  of  Conrad  ;  Adam,  b.  1811,  July  15,  in.  Pattie 
Fleming,  dau.  of  Wm. ;  Mart  Orts,  b.  1813,  March  13,  m.  Phil. 
Trimmer,  t.  of  John  :  Frances,  b.  1814,  Dec.  2,  m.  Benj.  Robeson, 
s.  of  Cornelius  ;  Peter  W.,  b.  1816,  April  18,  m.  (1)  Sarah  Jane 
Robeson,  dau.  cf  Cornelius;  (2)  Sarah  Ann  Drake  (Sussex  Co.); 
Philip  C.  Hoffman,  b.  1820,  Jan.  5,  died  young. 

(VI).  JOHN,  b.  1779,  Dec.  31. 

(VII).  ELISABETH,  b.  1782,  Jan.  20,  m.  Wm.  Apgar,  s.  of  Peter. 
(VHD.  ADAM,  b.  1790,  Mar.  16,  m.  Catherine  Potter,  dau.  of  Daniel;  had 
ch. ;  John  S.,  m.  Anna  Lance,  dau.  of  Wm.,  and  had  ch.,  (Eben., 
her  son),  Nathan,  who  m.  Amanda  Lance,  dau.  of  Fred.  (Little 
Brook),  and  Willard,  who  m.  Bertie  Philhower,  dau.  of  Andrew, 
(White  Hall);  and  Pottery  Morris:  Peter;  Margaret;  Mary; 
Christiann,  who  all  went  West  and  married. 

(IXi.  MARY,  m.  Nicholas  Wyckoff. 
(X).  MARGARET,  m.  George  Apgar,  s.  of  Herbert. 

VIII.  FREDERICK,  settled  in  Alexandria  twp.,  Hunterdon  Co.,  b.  1753,  Oct.  7, 
d.  1832.  March  5,  m.  Elisabeth  Philhower,  b.  1753,  July  15,  d.  1848,  Sept. 
22  ;  had  ch. : 

(II.  MARIA  BARBARA,  b.  1773.  June  8. 
(III.  ANNA  EVA,  b.  1775,  Aug.  9. 
(IU  l.  CATHARINA,  b.  1777,  Feb.  5. 
(IV).  EVA.  b.  177b,  Oct.  20. 
V).  FREDERICK:,  b.  1781,  Aug.  9,  d.  1861,  April  22,  m.  1803,  Oct.  27, 

Elisabeth ,  b.  1784,  May  11,  d.  1863,  Oct  6. ;  had  ch. :    John,  b. 

1800.  Aug.  18  ;  William,  b.  1807,  Feb.  15,  d.  a  babe  ;  Levi,  b.  1*08, 
Nov.  10,  ;  Anna,  b.  1810,  April  5.  d.  1832  ;  Philip,  b.  1812,  Aug.  5  ; 
Mahlon,  b.  1814,  Aug.  30  ;  William  M.,  b.  1817,  Dec.  30  ;  Elisabeth, 
b.  1819,  June  16  ;  Sylvester,  b.  1820,  April  22  ;  Absalom,  b.  1S23, 
Sept.  14  ;  Hannah  M.,  b.  1826,  March  6  ;  Wilson,  b.  1830,  June  14. 
(VI).  JOHN,  b.  1784,  d.  1852,  April  6,  at  68. 
(Vn).  ELISABETH,  b.  1787,  May  25. 
(Villi.  SARAH,  b.  1789,  Oct.  16. 
(IX).  WILHELM,  b.  1792,  Jan.  29. 
(X).  JACOB,  b.  1794,  June  9. 
(XI).  PAUL,  b.  1797,  April  28. 

IX.  CONRAD,  son  of  John  Adam,  m.  first,  Mary  Farley,  dau.  of  Minert,  d.  1808, 

Feb. ;  second,  Charity  Sutton,  dau.  John,  b.  1768.  d.  1845,  Feb.  20,  at  77. 
Conrad  exchanged  hotel  at  Cokesbury  for  a  farm  (now  Peter  N.  Apgar's) ,  with 
John  Farley ;  had  ch. : 

(I|.  CHARLES,  m.  Jane  Gulick  (Belvidere). 
(III.  MINERT,  m.  a  Flomervelt,  dau.  of  Peter,  and  went  West. 
(III).  MARY,  m.  Garret  Conover. 
(IV).  BARBARA,  m.  John  Gulick,  brother  to  Jane. 
(V).  JOSHUA,  b.  1790,  d.  1868,  at  78,  m.  Jane  Bauman.  4  years  younger, 
dau.  of  Thomas  ;  had  ch. :     Thomas,  b.  1809,  m.  Nancy  Apgar,  wid. 
of  Paul,  bora  a  Todd.  dau.  of  James  ;  Jane,  died  young  ;  Conrad, 
b.  1810,  Dec.  22,  m.  Mary  Apgar,  dau.  of  Paul  ;  Mary,  unmarried  ; 
Parish,  b.  1823,  m.   Mary  Willett,   dau.   of  Samuel   (Mendham); 
Georye  F.,  m.  Emily  Foss,  born  Fritts,  dau.  of  George. 

Apgar — Appelman — Aree  243 

(VI).  ELISABETH,  (by  second  wife),  b.  1794,  April  17,  m.  first,  Jacob  Phil- 

hower,  s.  of  John  ;  second,  Paul  Apgar,  s.  of  Herbert. 
(VII).  JACOB  C,  b.  1797,  m.  Maria  Schureman. 
(VIII).  AARON,  b.  1797,  m.  Catherine  Brunner. 
(DO.  ANN,  b.  1798,  Mar.  12,  m.  Henry  HofTman,  s.  of  Fritz. 
(X).  CATHERINE,  (?)  b.  1800,  Jan.  22. 
(XI).  SARAH,  m.  Adam  Hoffman. 
(XII).  HANNAH,  m.  Jacob  Apgar,  s.  of  Jacob. 
(XHI) .  CONRAD,  m.  Sallie  Hoffman,  dau.  of  Henry  (Calif  on) ;  had  ch. :  Henry 

m.  Fanny  Lance,  s.  of  William  ;  Charity ;  Fisher,  m. Sutton, 

dau.  of  David  ;  Simon,  m.  Mary  Apgar,  dau.  of  Matthias  ;  George, 
(Bernardsville) ;  Lydia,  m.  John  Johnson. 
X  GEORGE,  went  West. 

XI.  CATHERINE,  m.  first,  John  Emery;  second,  John  Sharp,  s.  of  Morris,  1st, 
of  Upper  German  Valley. 


JOHN  PETER  APPELMAN,  arrived  at  New  York,  1710,  from  Germany,  by  way 
of  London,  in  the  second  emigration  ;  b.  1668  ;  will  "  Som.  Co.,  N.  J."  7  May, 
1742,  prob.  5  Aug.,  1745,  (Trenton  Lib.  D,  fol.  311),  names  children  : 

I.  Baltes,  or  John  Balthazar,  b.  25  March,  1714  ;  first  Lutheran  (German) 
child  bap.  in  N.  J. ;  had  ch.,  named  in  will  of  his  bro.  John  :  (I).  Peter; 
(ID.  Elisabeth,  m.  Jacob  Wyckoff ;   (III).   John;   (IV).   Christopher; 
(V).  Matthias;  (VI).  Barbara. 
II.  Johannes,  b.  3  May,  1716. 

III.  Johannes,  b.  5  April,  1718;  his  will  "  Bridgewater "  twp.,  Aug.,  1S01, 

prob.  14  Mar.,  1807,  names  w.  Elisabeth  and  bequests  of  £10  to  Rev. 
Win.  Graaf  and  £100  to  church  wardens  of  New  Germantown  Luth. 
Ch.  "to  buy  the  lot  next  to  the  parsonage.'' 

IV.  Matthias,  had  ch.  named  in  his  bro.  John's  will:   (I).   David;   ill). 

Lena:  (III).  Catherine. 
[V.  Andreas,  m.  Maria  Atelia  ;  had  at  least  John  Leonard,  b.  7  Aug.,  1731.] 


AREE  or  AREE  VAN  GUINEA  [Harry  from  Guinea]  "a  Moor,"  was  a  very 
respectable  negro,  who  was  a  member  with  his  wife  of  the  Lutheran  Church  in 
New  York,  where  he  had  a  child  baptised  in  1705  ;  afterwards  removed  to  the 
Raritan  Valley,  where  a  child  was  born  1708.  It  was  at  his  house  that  the  first 
German  Lutheran  service  in  N.  J.  took  place,  Aug.  1,  1714  ;  had  wife  Jora  and 
children : 

I.  Maria,  b.  Feb.,  1705. 
II.  Aree,  b.  8  July,  1708. 
III.  Adam  (<),  m.  Susannah  ;  will  1774,  March  18,  prob.  Aug.  20  ;  had  eh.: 
ill.  Adam,  b.  4  July,  1721. 
ill).  Isaac,  b.  18  Feb.,  1738,  prob.  died  young. 
(III).  Isaac,  b.  12  April,  1741 ;  m.  Annatie  ;  had  ch. :    Adam,  b.  27  Nov., 

1763  ;  Isaac,  b.  13  Oct.,  1765  ;  Peter,  b.  14  Oct.,  1770. 
(IV).  Adam. 

(V).  Elisabeth,  m. Day;  had  ch. :    Abraham,  Eve  and  Mary. 

VI).  Jacob,  m.  Catrina  :  had  ch. :    Jacob,  b.  7  Jan.,  1759  ;   Mary,  b.  8 
Nov.,  1763  ;  Jacob,  10  April,  1768  ;  Isaac,  b.  23  Sept.,  1770. 

244  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 


The  name  in  New  England  is  generally  spelled  Aykr  ;  in  New  Jersey  generally 
Ayres  ;  in  Old  England  Eyre  ;  it  is  also  Eares,  Eyer,  Eyres,  Eires,  Eiris,  Ayres, 
Aaire,  and  even  Hayers. 

JOHN,  of  Salisbury  in  1640  ;  removed  to  Ipswich,  1646  ;  Haverhill.  1647,  where  he 
died  31  March,  1657  ;  will  prob.  6  Oct.,  1657  ;  he  was  b.  about  1596  and  prob. 
came  from  Nottinghamshire,  Eng.,  in  1637  ;  had  wife,  Hannah,  who  died  13 
July,  1686,  and  ch. :    John,  Nathaniel,  Hannah,  b.  31  Dec.,  1644;  m.  24 
March,  1663,  Stephen  Webster  ;  Rebecca,  Mary,  Obadiah,  Robert,  Thomas, 
OBADIAH,  s.  of  John,  in  Newbury,  Mass.,  1663,  prob.  d.  in  Woodbridge,  N.  J.,  14 
Nov.,  1694,  whither  he  had  removed  and  where  he  had  a  tract  surveyed  to  him 
in  1669,  and  in  1671  was  a  juryman  in  the  first  court  in  Woodbury  twp. ;  "Oba- 
diah Hoite"  was  one  of  six  schepens  In  a  council  of  war  at  fort  William 
Hendrick,  34  Aug.,  1673  ;  "  Obadiah  Hayers,"  a  constable,  Jan.,  1686  ;  "  Oba- 
diah,  Sen."  on  the  records  of  the  court,  11  April,  1694.    Woodbridge  was 
settled  by  people  from  Newberry,  Haverhill  and  Yarmouth,  Mass.,  as  early  as 
1665.    Obadiah  m.  Hannah  Pike,  dau.  John,  19  March,  1660  ;  d.  Woodbridge, 
30  May,  1689  ;  had  children  : 
I.  JOHN,  b.  2  March,  1663  ;  m.  Mary  •  removed  with  his  family,  except 
Thomas,  to  Woodbridge,  N.  J.,  where  he  died  1732  at  69  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  John,  b.  1  April,  1691,  prob.  m.  Mary  Creshon,  17  Jan.,  1716,  and  had 
at  least  one  son. 
1,  John,  b.  14  June,  1719 ;  d.  22  April,  1777,  at  Morris  Plains ;  m., 

first,  Joanna ;  second,  Sarah  Bayles  (or  Bailey),  17  Jan., 

1754  ;  his  will,  "Morristown,  April  14  and  May  3,  1777,"  (Tren- 
ton, Lib.  18,  fol.  317) ;  had  ch. : 
(1).  Enos. 

(2).  Sarah,  m.  Silas  Stiles. 

(3) .  Isaac,  prob.  b.  1737  ;  d.  7  June,  1794,  at  57 ;  m.  first,  Johannah 
Coe,  8  Feb.,  1769  ;  d.  10  April,  1770,  at  24  ;  second,  Mary 
Cooper,  27  Dec.,  1770  ;  d.  30  June,  1809,  at  63  ;  had  ch. : 
Samuel,  b.  29  Oct.,  1773  ;  Mary,  b.  19  Oct.,  1776  ;  m.  John 
Briant  ;  Anne,  b.  8  July,  1779  ;  Stephen  Cooper,  b.  16  May. 
1782  ;  .Enos,  b.  17  May,  17S5  ;  Isaac,  b.  11  April,  1791 ;  d.  30 
Jan.,  1807. 
(4).  John. 
(5).  Hannah,  b.  1740  ;  d.  14  April,  1771,  at  31 ;  m.  25  Dec.,  1771, 

Epenetus  Beach. 
(6).  Mart,  b.  21  Sept.,  1744  ;  m.  Fred.  King,  23  Nov.,  1762. 
(7).  Silas,  b.  1749  ;  d.  29  Dec,  1826,  at  77  ;  m.  Mary  Byram  ;  d.  30 
Oct.,  1819,  at  64  ;  had  ch.:  Abigail,  b.  28  Nov.,  1772  ;  d.  18 
Feb.,  1812  ;  Ebenezer  Byram,  b.  11  May,  1774  ;  m.  Abigail 
Byram,  (dau.  Naphtali)  3  Nov.,  1791 ;  Sarah,  b.  28  Nov.  1776  ; 
Mary  King,  b.  2  March,  1779  ;  m.  John  Day,  12  Jan.,  1799  ; 
Hannah,  b.  12  May,  1781  ;  m.  Isaac  Pierson  ("both  of  What- 
nung"),  3  Jan.,  1801 ;  Huldah,  b.  17  July,  1783  ;  d.  15  Nov., 
1783  ;  Huldah,  b.  1  Sept.,  1784  ;  m.  John  Ayers  (s.  John),  26 
Feb.,  1829  ;  Silas  Condict,  b.  12  Feb.,  1787. 



(ID.  Thomas,  b.  21  Jan.,  1693. 

(III).  Obadiah,  b.  1695  ;  removed  to  Warren  Co.,  (then  Sussex);  one  of 
Justices  of  the  Peace  at  organization  of  the  county,  30  Nov.,  1753  ; 
will  "Hard wick,"  1  May,  1779,  prob.  Dec.  2,  1780,  names  wife 
Debora  and  three  ch. ;  deeds  land  to  Pres.  Ch.  near  Helms  Mills, 
(Hackettstown),  8  March,  1764.;  had  ch.: 

1.  Ezekiel,  b.  23  Feb.,  1730  ;  d.  5  Aug.,  1796,  at  67  ;   m.  first,  Anna 

Stark,  (dau.  Amos  !),  b.  25  Jan.,  1731  ;  d.  27  Nov.,  1778  ;  second, 

Effle  Van  Wyne,  the  wid.  Longstreet ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  Obadiah,  b.  10  March,  1753. 

(2).  Ezektel,  2d,  b.  25  Nov.,  1754,  m.  Lena  Eick  ;  lived  between 
Hackettstown  and  Danville  ;  had  ch. :  Robert,  b.  8  Nov., 
1788,  m.  Katie  Olliver ;  William  ;  Abraham,  m.  Mary 
Rarick,  (dau.  John) ;  John  ;  Ezekiel,  3d,  lived  above 
Whitehall,  Warren  Co.,  b.  15  May,  1799,  d.  22  Sept.,  1849, 
m.  Elisabeth  Rarick  (dau.  John),  b.  24  Oct.,  1801,  and  had 
ch. :  David,  b.  1818,  unm. ;  John  Rarick,  died  young  ; 
William,  b.  1823,  m.  Emily  Smith  (dau.  George);  James, 
b.  1825,  m.  Merilda  Trimmer  (dau.  Morris) ;  Stewart  B.,  b. 
1827,  m.  Ann  Day  (dau.  Jacob) ;  John,  b.  1831,  m.  Marg't 
Hann  (dau.  Will.);  Elisabeth,  b.  1833,  m.  Andrew  Cum- 
mins (dau.  Jacob). 

(3).  Sarah,  b.  March  9,  1757. 

(4).  Amos,  b.  1  Jan.,  1761. 

(5).  Margaret,  b.  2  Oct.,  1763,  d.  1842  ;  m.  Daniel  Stuart,  went 
from  Hackettstown  to  Newton  about  1780,  d.  1822. 

(6).  Aaron,  b.  1  Aug.,  1767. 

(7).  Anna,  b.  4  April,  1773. 

(8).  Archibald,  (by2dw.),  m.  Elisabeth  Sutton  (dau.  Joseph). 

2.  Patience,  m.  a  Bloom. 

3.  Rhoda,  m.  a  Bell. 
(IV).  Patience,  b.  1697. 

(V).  Francis,  b.  15  March,  1698. 
(VI).  Nathaniel,  b.  1700. 
(VII).  Benjamin,  b.  19  June,  1703. 

(VIII).  Moses,  b.  1706,  d.  1750,  Nov.;  letters  of  adm.  of  est.  of  Moses,  late  of 

Som.  Co.,  granted  to  Nathaniel  Ayers  of  Som.  Co.,  19  Dec,  1750  ; 

has  lot  on  Dead  River,  Som.  Co.,  4  Nov.,  1729  ;  m.  2  Nov.,  1739, 

Jane  Chambers,  who  afterwards  m.  Jacob  Drake,  of  Mendham, 

who  prob.  brought  up  the  f am. ;  had  ch. : 

1.  John.  b.  19  July,  1740,  d.  20  Feb.,  1807,  at  Flanders,  m.  first,  Phebe 

Dalglish,  5  July,  1763,  at  Basking  Ridge,  Som.  Co.,  who  d.  29 

June,  1795,  at  51 ;  second,  .Anna  Rhodes,  19  Jan.,  1796  ;  bot.  i% 

acres  at  Mendham  1  Dec,  1757,  and  sold  it  1762  ;  bot.  19  acres  at 

Roxbury,  1763  ;  had  ch. :    Mary,  b.  1764,  d.  yg. ;  Keziah,  b.  11 

Feb.,  1766,  d.  at  11 ;  Mary,  b.  Feb.,  1788,  d.  21  Jan.,  1845,  m. 

first,  Sam.  Hull ;  second,  Capt.  Jonathan  Olliver  ;  David,  b.  21 

May,  1771,  d.  9  June,  1806,  m.  Mercy  Jennings  ;    Moses,  b.  28 

April.  1772,  d.  7  Sept.,  1796 ;  Samuel,  b.  4  March,  1776  ;  Sarah, 

b.  12  July,   1780  ;  Samuel,  a  twin  to  Sarah  ;  John,  b.  20  Oct., 

246  Eari  v  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

1782,  m.  first,  Abigail  Coe  (dau.  Ebenezer),  7  April,  1817,  d.  26 
Dec.,  1827,  at  44,  second,  Huldah  Ayers  (dau.  Silas),  26  Feb., 
1829,  b.  1  Sept.,  1784,  d.  19  Aug.,  1868  ;  Elisabeth,  b.  2  Nov.,  1786, 

d.  16  Nov.,  1855,  m.  Rhece  Nicholas  ;  by  2d  wife,  Anna,  b. 

21  Oct.,  1796,  ra.  Lum  Foster,  of  Newton,  N.  J.;  Jane,  b.  3  Jan., 
1799,  d.  31  Dec,  1799. 

2.  Mart,  b.  8  May,  1742. 

3.  David,  b.  8  April,  1744.  m.  Margaret  McDowell  (aunt  of  the  well 

known  Rev.  Drs.  John  and  William  McDowell) :  bought  a  large 
tract,  consisting  of  what  is  now  four  farms  at  Lower  Mt.  Bethel, 
Northampton  Co.,  Pa.,  still  in  the  possession  of  the  family  ;  had 
ch. :  (1)  David,  rem.  to  Mannsfleld,  Ohio,  and  had  William  and 
Mrs.  Evans;  (2),  Moses,  b.  14  May,  1770,  d.  8  June,  1854,  m. 
Mary  Brittain  (dau.  Robert  of  Lower  Mt.  Bethel,  Pa.),  and  had 
David,  b.  11  Aug.,  1796,  d.  30  Dec,  1883,  m.  Margaret  Simonton; 
Nathaniel,  b.  11  Sept.,  1796  (?|,  d.  19  March,  1822  ;  Moses,  b.  1 
March,  1814,  d.  27  Jan.,  1890.  m.  Charlotte  Reed  ;  Rev.  Samuel, 
b.  1811,  d.  15  Dec,  1887,  grad.  from  Princeton  Coll.  and  Theol. 
Sem.,  m.  Sarah  Roy  (dau.  Chas.  of  Sussex  Co.),  and  was  pastor 
Ellenville,  N.  Y.,  and  Bloomfield.  Ohio  ;  Levi,  b.  1804,  d.  1839, 
m.  Margaret  Broat ;  Jane.  b.  5  July,  1801,  d.  11  Sept.,  1875,  m. 
Henry  Broad  ;  Elisabeth,  b.  8  Oct..  1803,  d.  3  Feb.,  1877,  m.  Benj. 
Depue,  father  of  Hon.  David  Ayers  Depue,  l.l.  d.,  of  the 
Supreme  Court,  N.  J.;  Margaret,  b.  21  July,  1805,  d.  6  March, 
1872.  m.  Moses  Depue  :  Sarah,  b.  31  Jan.,  1809,  d.  15  Jan.,  1887, 
To.,  first,  Harmen  Dildine,  second,  Robert  Ross. 

4.  Ltdia,  b.  March,  1746. 

5.  Phebe,  b.  18  Jan.,  1748. 
(IX).  Aaron,  b.  14  July,  1708. 

II.  SARAH,  b.  1664,  d.  1683. 

III.  SAMUEL,  b.  1667,  m.  1694,  Elisabeth  ;  had  ch. :    Rhoda,  b.  12  April,  1700; 
David,  b.  25  May,  1702  ;  James,  b.  2  May,  1716  (1706  ?) ;  Samuel,  b.  25 
Oct.,  1707  ;  Rachel  and  Jacob,  b.  19  June,  1710  :  Benjamin,  b.  31  Oct., 
TV.  OBADIAH,  b.  20  Oct.,  1671,  m.  Joannah  Jones,  28  April,  1694  ;  lived  at 
"  Strawberry  Hill" ;  will  "Woodbridge,"  27  Oct.,  172S,  prob.  27  May, 
1729  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  Sarah,  b.  8  Jan.,  1696. 
(II).  Hannah,  b.  18  Jan.,  1698. 
ail).  Mart,  b.  23  Feb.,  169S  (?),  d.  1704. 
(IV).  Rachel,  b.  23  May,  1701. 
(V).  Obadiah,  b.  25  Dec,  1703,  prob.  the  one  whose  will  "  Woodbridge," 
17  April,  1754,  prob.  1  Feb.,  1760,  names  wife  Mary,  Ezekiel  Bloom- 
field,   bro.  of  former  wife,  and  ch. :    Daniel,  Susannah,  (not  18) 
and  Johannah. 
(VI).  Joanna,  twin  to  Obadiah. 

(VII).  Robert,  b.  18  July,  1706,  prob.  the  one  whose  will  "  Woodbridge," 
5  Sept.,  1740,  prob.  4  June,  1741,  names  wife,  "  Hummers  Ayers," 
sons  Frazey  and  Robert,  four  other  children,  "  my  uncle  John"  and 
"  my  bro.  Obadiah  of  Woodbridge." 



1.  Frazee,  (prob.  3.  of  Robert  and  Hummers),  b.  19  April,  1729,  d. 
1760,  at  21,  m.  Phebe  Bloomfleld,  who  d.  12  Oct.,  1815  at  86 '■ 
had  ch. : 
(1).  Ellis,  b.  March,  1751,  m.  Sarah  Mundy  (dau.  Gershom)  and 
had  eleven  ( ;)  ch. : 
(a).  Elisabeth,  b.  2  Nov.,  1775,  d.  1777. 
(b).  Fayer,  b.  28  March,  1779,  m.  Catherine  Pitney, 
(c).  Ichabod,  b.  28  Nov.,  1780,  m.  Elisabeth  Keelly. 
(d).  Sajitol,  b.  1783,  m.  Sophia  Marshall, 
(e).  David,  b  1785,  m.  Phebe  Force, 
(f).  Phebe,  b.  1787,  m.  Henry  Mundy. 

(g).  Ezra,  b.  10  Dec.,   1788,  d    30  Oct.,  1863,  m.  Jane  Lott 
(dau.  Linn  Lott  and  Euphemia  Cazart),  d.  9  July,  1877; 
hadch.:    Ann  Maria,  b.  18  May,  1813,  m.  M.  F.  Car- 
men ;  Lebbeus,  b.  21  Dec,  1814,  d.  17  Aug.,  1827  ;  David, 
b.  12  Oct.,  1816,  m.  Harriet  Baber  ;  Jane,  b.  15  Sept.! 
1818  ;  Sarah,  b    29  Oct.,   1820,   m.   Thomas  Afriend  ; 
Samuel,  b.   11  Nov.,   1822,   m.  first,  Mary  Campbell. 
second,  Margaret  Vail ;  Lebbeus,  m.  Ellen  V".  A.  Groyer; 
Caroline ;  Emma.   b.   March,   1829,  m.  E.  M.  Hunt ; 
Mary,  b.  27  July,  1831,  m.  Thos.  M.  Martin 
(h).  John,  b.  1792,  d.  1793. 
li).  Betsey,  b.  1797,  d.  1800. 
Ij).  Sarah,  b.  1805,  m.  Philip  Quick. 

2.  Robert. 

3.  — 6.  not  named  in  will. 
(VIII).  Mary,  b.  29  Sept.,  1703. 

(IX).  Rebecca,  b.  14  Nov.,  1710. 
(X)    Benjamin,  (or  "  Benaiah"),  b.  17  Nov.,  1715. 
V.  JOSEPH,  b.  4  April,  1674,  m.  Phebe  Camp,   5  Jan.,   1698   n,   had  ch.: 
Phebe,  b.  3  March  1697  1 .') ;  Joseph,  b.  18  March,  1701  ;  Jonathan,  b. 
29  May,  1704,  prob.  the  one  whose  will,  "  Bernardstown"  Mar.  21,  1775, 
prob.  14  April,  1777,  names  wife  Ann  and  ch. :    John,  Jonathan,  Phebe. 
who  m.  Hem-y  Allen,   Sites  (or  Lilesl   who  m.  Jas.  Moore,   Stephen, 
Joseph,  David,  Gershom,  Enos ;  David,  b.  2  Jan.,  1707  ;  Zebulon,  b 
4  Aug.,  1708. 
VI.  THOMAS,  d.  Oct.,  13,  1665. 

VII.  THOMAS,  b.  17  Dec.,  1676  t!)  prob.  the  one  whose  will,  ■•  Woodbridge," 
April  25,  prob.  June  12,  1732,  names  wife  Mary  "my  bros."  John  and 
Obadiah  and  ch. : 
(I).  Abraham,  leldestsou). 
(11).  Sarah,  (eldest  daughter). 
(III).  Peter,  (not  21). 
(TV).  Mary. 
(V).  Levie,  perh.  of  Wantage  twp.,  Sussex  Co.,  1755,  who  had  ch.: 

1.  Levi,  m.  18  March,  1787,  Phebe  Bussel ;  had  cb. :     Levi.  Edward, 

Israel,  Isaac,  David  and  Caleb. 

2.  Edward,  had  ch. :    Enoch,  John.  Jehiel  and  Edward. 

3.  Israel,  m.  Margaret  Hoppah,  1794,  Feb.  11 ;  had  ch. :    Elisha, 

Selah  and  Israel. 

248  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

4.  Enoch,  had  ch. :    John,  William,  Thomas,  Squire,  Enoch,  Jeffer- 
VIII.  VARY,  b.  Feb.,  1680,  m.  Wm.  Ilsley,  June,  1700. 
IX.  ROBERT  (?). 

X — XII  three  children  who  died  young. 
Miscellaneous — Michael  in  Stillwater twp.,  Sussex  Co.,  1757,  came  from  Dover; 
letters  of  adm.  of  his  est.  given  to  Daniel  Predmoreand  Ben.  GriggB,  29  April,  1769; 
the  latter  guardian  of  Michael's  dau.  Lydia,  23  Feb.,  1797  ;  his  est.  divided  among 
Anna,  w.  of  Jas.  Thompson,  Susannah,  w.  David  Layman.  Lydia,  w.  James  Mc- 
Mahon  of  Ohio.  Moses  was  freeholder,  Sussex  Co.,  1764-9.  Letters  of  adm.  of 
est.  of  Josiah,  Sussex  Co.,  to  Elias  Ayers  and  Stephen  Conkling,  24  Oct.,  1781. 
Peter,  a  member  of  First  Wantage  Church,  1786,  and  mortgage  given  by  him  on 
land  in  Wantage  twp  ,  28  Dec.,  1773.  On  records  of  First  Church  of  Wantage,  near 
Deckertown,  N.  J.,  22  April,  1803,  are  the  following  :  Caty  Ayers,  w.  Jac.  Colm  ; 
HnTinRh  Ayers,  w.  Solomon  Cortright ;  Phebe  Ayers,  w.  John  Drake  ;  Levi  Ayers, 
Jr  ;  Temperance  Week,  w.  Levi  Ayers,  and  Rachel  Russell,  w.  Levi  Ayers,  Jr. 
From  same  records,  married  March,  1803,  Richard  Ayers  to  Anny  Croel.  In  1799, 
Levi,  and  1803,  Jacob  Ayers  were  ordained  elders  of  the  above  church. 

Mr.  Andrew  Mellick,  Jr.,  of  Plainneld,  the  historian,  claims  that  the  Ayers,  of 
Mt.  Bethel,  Pa.,  are  descended  from  Samuel  of  Ulster  Co.,  Ireland,  a  Scotch 
Covenanter,  who  came  to  Philadelphia  with  his  wife  and  a  dau.  and  rem.  after  his 
wife's  death  to  the  Scotch-Irish  settlement  at  Deep  Run,  Bucks  Co.,  Pa.,  where  he 
died  1747.    He  had  3  daughters  and  2  sons  : 

I.  John,  died  young. 

II.  William,  rem.  1773,  with  all  his  family,  except  Samuel  and  Charles,  to 

what  is  now  Middle  Paxtany,  Dauphin  Co.,  Pa. ;  he  had, 
(I).  Samuel,  b.  1V49. 
(II).  Charles,  b.  1750. 
OH).  John,  b.  1752. 

and  two  daughters. 


Three  brothers  of  the  name  of  Axf  ord  settled  in  Warren  Co. : 

I.  JOHN  AXFORD,  of  Oxford,  Warren  Co.,  N.  J. ;  will  22  June,  1808,  prob. 
15  March,  1809,  names  w.  Abigail  and  ch.,  Samuel,  John,  Jonathan, 
Abraham,  Johannah,  Sarah.  Nancy,  "my  dau."  Abigail  Parks  and 
her  dau.  Elisabeth  Ayres  MacCullum. 

II.  ABRAHAM,  had  ch. :    Sarah  and  Nancy. 

III.  SAMUEL,  a  bro.  of  John  ;  will,  Oxford.  12  March,  1805,  prob.  23  Dec., 

1811,  names  w.  Sarah  and  ch. :  John,  eldest ;  Jonathan's  children, 
Jonathan,  Abraham  and  Joseph  ;  brother  John's  children,  Samuel, 
John,  Johannah,  Jonathan,  Abigail,  Sally,  Nancy  and  Martha  ;  brother 
Abraham's  children,  Sarah  and  Nancy  ;  Jonathan  Howell  son  to  my 
bro.  Jonathan's  dau.  Jane  ;  Abram  and  Samuel  Van  Sickle  sons  of 
Samuel ;  Ann  Hageman  and  Sarah  DeCow,  daus.  of  Abraham  DeCow, 
deceased  ;  Samuel  Axford  Boiles  son  of  John  Boiles  :  Sarah  DeCow, 
dau.  John  ;  Joanna  Patterson,  w.  Alexander,  and  others. 

Baldwin  249 


thi^^^A^"  JerS6y  fr°m  imford"  Conn-  In  164°  *»»•  "«  at 
that  place,  Timothy,  Xathaniel,  Joseph,  John  and  Richard.  These  wera  relatives 
but  prob.  not  all  brothers.    The  last  two  were  sons  of  Sylvester,  who  d.,  1638    on 

?1V°^T  Englan<i  to  BoSt0n  ;  hewas  the  «»  of  ***«"*  of  St.  Leonards 

Aston  Clinton,  in  county  Bucks,  England.  Another  John  and  Richard  and  also 
ttnury  were  m  New  England  before  1639.  The  descendants  of  Joseph  and  Nathaniel 
of  Milford,  settled  in  Newark  and  vicinity  and  were  found  very  early  in  Parsip- 

E^n'h  „  ?■    ^\Wm  H-  ShaW  h"a  given  a  ver?  fuU  Seneal0^  of  these 

branches,  and  also  of  John  of  Milford,  in  his  History  of  Essex  and  Hudson  coun- 
ties. As  the  Baldwins  of  this  vicinity  came  from  Hunterdon  Co.,  we  presume 
they  descended  from 

JOHN  of  Milford,  Conn.,  whom,  for  2d  w.  Marie  Bruen  (dau.  of  John  of  Pequot)  • 
will  names  ch.  John,  Josiah,  Xathaniel,  Joseph,  George,  Obadiah,  Richard, 
Abigail,  Sarah,  Hannah.  Elisabeth  Peck.    The  eldest  of  these, 

I.  JOHN,  was  admitted  to  church,    1662,  m.  30  Oct.,  1663  ;  first,  Hannah 
Bruen,  dau.  of  Obadiah  ;  second,  before  1686,  Ruth  Botsford.     His  will 
names  children : 
(I).  SARAH. 
(in).  ELISABETH. 
(IV).  JOHN,  b.  1643. 
(V).  SAMUEL,  b.  1674(?). 
(VII).  ("Ensign")  JOSEPH,  b.  1680(?),  d.  14  March,  1724 
(IX).  ELNATHAN,  m.  Kezia  Prudden  ;  rem.  to  Hopewell,  Hunterdon  Co., 
N.  J. ;  his  will,  1738,  names  ch. : 
1.  Moses,  will,  1783.  names.  (1).  David;  (2).  Daniel;  (3).  .Vary  Hunt; 
:4).  Elisabeth  Titus;  (5).  Hannah  Allen;  grandchildren  James 
and  Deborah  Baldwin. 
8.  Thomas. 

3.  Joseph,  of  Hopewell ;  will,  1770,  names  (1).  Xathaniel  ;  (2).  Elis- 

abeth; (3).  Jemima. 


WILLIAM,  the  first  of  the  name  in  this  part  of  Morris  Co.  was  perhaps  a  son  of 
one  of  the  last  generation  mentioned  above  ;  his  mother  was  an  Ackerman  ;  she 
probably  married  a  second  time  ;  he  was  brought  up  on  the  Silas  Walter's  farm 
near  Pleasant  Grove ;  he  was  b.  1780,  d.  1850,  at  about  70,  buried  at  Naugh- 
right ;  m.  first,  Margaret  Seals,  dau.  of  Joseph,  by  whom  he  had  five  children  ; 
second,  a  Carhart  and  removed  to  Lafayette,  Sussex  Co.  The  mother  of  old 
Peter  Cyphers,  formerly  of  Springtown,  Washington  twp.,  was  an  aunt  or 
cousin  of  William.  He  had  ch. : 
I.  JACOB,  b.  May,  1813,  d.  26  Jan.,  1881,  m.  Margaret  Schuyler,  dau.  of 
Peter  ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  STEWARD,  m.  Kate  Blackford  ;   resides  above  Middle  Valley,  on 
Schooley's  Mountain. 
(ID.  ALFRED,  m.  Huldah  Frace  ;  res.  near  German  Valley. 
(ILD.  CATHERINE,  unmarried. 

250  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

II.  ANN,  m.  Peter  Lance,  s.  of  Frederick. 

III.  CHARLOTTE,  m.  Henry  Smith,  s.  of  Jacob  S. 

IV.  PETER,  m.  Rachel  Castner,  dau.  of  Jacob  ;  res.  at  Pleasant  Grove  ;  has 

children  : 

(I).  JACOB,  m.  Rachel  Park. 
(II).  AUSTIN,  m.  Cora  Gerry. 
V.  JOHN,  m.  Elisabeth  Hegeinan  ;  has  no  children. 


HENRY  BALE  [originally  Heinrich  Behl]  was  the  pioneer  settler  in  what  is  now 
the  village  of  Lafayette,  Sussex  Co.     He  is  said  to  have  located  there  as  early 
as  1750  ;  built  the  first  grist-mill,  and  dam  in  the  vicinity.     He  was  a  man  of 
great  enterprise  ;  erected  a  blacksmith  shop  and  is  said  to  have  been  one  of  the 
most  prominent  men  of  hie  day  in  that  part  of  the  county:  on  Alexandria 
Church  records  1772 ;  m.  Elisabeth  :  had  bro.  PETER.     Henry  had  ch. : 
I.  JACOB,  removed  to  Kentucky. 
II.  PETER.,  b.  17GS  :  removed  to  what  is  now  Baleville  in  Hampton  twp. ;  m. 
Elisabeth  Struble,  (dau.  Leonard  and  Mary  Longcore)  ;  had  children,  six 
of  whom  grew  up  and  married  : 
(I).  HENRY,  m.  Lydia  Bell. 
(III.  JACOB,  m.  Sarah  Shotwell. 
(III).  ELISABETH,  m.  Jacob  Bell. 
(IV).  PETER,  m.  Elisabeth  Snook. 
(V).  SARAH  ANN,  m.  Cornelius  Howell. 

(VI).  MARY,  m.  Thomas  Kays,  (s.  of  John  and  Sarah  Hall,  dau.  Benj.) 
HI.  HENRY,  JR.,  b.  1778  ;  res.  at  Paulinskill,  Hampton  twp.,  Sussex  Co.,  N. 
J. :  m.  Abigail  Current  ;  had  ch.: 
(I).  ELISABETH,  m.  Joseph  Ships. 

(II).  JAMES,  b.  1800,  m.  Sarah  Havens  and  removed  to  Ohio. 
(III).  ANN,  m.  John  Huston. 

(TV)  and  (V).  SARAH  and  ABIGAIL  ;  died  young. 
(VI).  SUSAN,  m.  Andrew  Havens. 
(VIIi.  JOHN.  m.  Rhoda  S.  Morris  :  had  a  son  A.  J.  Bale. 
(VIII).  PETER,  b.  8  Sept.,  1807,  d.  34  May,  1890,  at  82  yrs.,  8  mos.,  16  days 
m.  Sarah  Drake,  dau.  Paul  ;  had  ch. :    James,  unm. ;  Henry,  unm. 
Georr/e  (deceased),  m.  Jennie  Wilson  :  David,  m.  Elisabeth  Drumm 
Emily,  m.  John  N.  Givens  :  Laura,  unm.;  Lorinda,  unm.;  Delia, 
unm. ;  S.  Cecilia,  unm.,  a  most  efficient  and  successful  teacher. 
(IX).  MARY,  m.  John  Hardin. 
IV.  RHODA,  m.  Jacob  M.  Hoffman  ;  removed  to  Kentucky. 
V.  ELISABETH,  m.  29  Aug.,  1784,  Zachariah  Stickles. 
VI.  MARY,  m.  a  Washer  ;  removed  to  Kentucky. 
VII.  CATHERINE,  m.  John  Widener. 

Miscellaneous— Records.  Kingston,  N.  Y.  Bap.  12  July,  1752,  John,  s.  Petrus 
Bele  (prob.  Bale)  and  Elisabeth  Ploeg:  21  Dec,  1786,  Jacob  Bail  m.  Susiah  Snook  at 
Branchville,  Sussex  County. 


JACOB  BANGHART  (er  Banghard)  came  to  Philadelphia  from  Germany,  1740  ; 
worked  at  the  "  Old  Forge,"  High  Bridge,  IS  years  :  had  ch  : 

Bang hart — Barkman 


I.  BARNEY,  unmarried  ;  wounded  in  Revolutionary  War. 

III.  MICHEL,  b.  1740,  m.  first,  Angle,  and  had  six  ch. ;  second.  Bertha 

Grimes  :  res.  at  Bridgeville  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  REV.  GEORGE. 
(II.)  MICHAEL,  b.  1774,  d.  1S46,  m.  Elisabeth  Cummins,  dau.  Philip  ;  had 
children  : 
1.  George. 
3.  Mary,  m.  Cornelius  Flummervelt,  s.  of  Zacharias. 

3.  Philip. 

4.  Josiah. 

5.  Wesley,  b.  1S05,  Sept.  4,  m.  (1)  Hannah  Roerbacher  :  i2)  Rita 

Lot*  ;  no  children. 

6.  Catherine,  m.  Zach.  Flummervelt,  a  cousin  to  Mary's  husband. 

7.  Sarah,  m.  Lewis  A.  Misner. 
3.  Jacob,  m.  Sarah  Brinkerhoff. 

9.  Barnabas,  m.  Rosette  Shannon. 

10.  Ann,  m.  John  J.  Van  Allen,  of  Easton,  Pa. 

11.  Bathia,  m.  R.  Davidson. 

IV.  GEORGE,  b.  1743,  d.  1806,  m.  Mary  Buskirk,  b.  1746,  d.  1830  at  74:  had  ch. : 

(I).  BARNEY,  removed  to  Sunsboro,  Pa. 
(II).  PETER,  removed  to  Sunsboro,  Pa. 
(III).  GEORGE,  Springtown,  Warren  Co.,  N.  J. 
(IV).  MARY. 

(V).  JOHN,  b.  1777,  d.  1843,  m.  Margaret  McKinney,  b.  1776,  d.  1838,  at  62. 
(VI).  THOMAS,  b.  1779,  d.  1859,  m.  Elisabeth,  b-  1783,  d.  1821. 
(VII).  ANDREW,  b.  1771,  d.  1856,  m.  Rebecca,  b.  1793,  d.  1876. 
(Vni).  MICHAEL,  removed  to  Cincinnati,  Ohio. 
(IX).  ABRAHAM,  b.  1785,  July  14.  d.  1S76,  m.  Mary,  b.  1783,  Feb.  14.  d. 
V.  MARY. 


Three  brothers,  Jonathan,  Joseph  and  Henry  are  found  in  this  part  of  N.  J. 
JONATHAN  BARKMAN,  b.  21  Oct.,  1787,  d.  29  Oct.,  1867,  m.  Sarah  Felmley,  dau. 
David,  b.  16  April,  1794,  d.  26  Dec,  1862  :  resided  at  Lebanon  and  died  at  New 
Germantown,  N.  J. ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  DAVID,  b.  1818,  d.  in  the  fall  of  1891  at  73,  m.  Lena  Ann  Crate,  dau. 
Samuel  and  Rachel  Van  Syckel,  b.  24  April,  1815,  d.  1SS9  at  74  ; 
had  ch. : 

1.  William  P.,  m.  Sarah  Ann  Latourette,  dau.  Peter. 

2.  Fanny,  m.  James  VTiet,  dau.  Simon. 

3.  Emily,  m.  John  Todd,  3.  of  Thomas. 

4.  John  C,  m.  Elmira  Sutton,  dau.  George  B. 

5.  Oscar  P.,  m.  Mary  Logan,  dau.  David. 
0.  Sarah  Elisabeth,  m.  Edward  Boiles. 

7.  Anna,  m.  George  Nicholas. 

8.  James,  m.  Iona  Adams,  dau.  Thomas. 

9.  Walter,  d.  at  5  years. 

252  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(IT).  POHLMAN,  m.  Melinda  Rhinehart,  dau.  William  ;  he  resided  at 
New  Germantown  ;  his  widow  occupies  a  farm  near  TJnionville, 
Washington  twp.,  Morris  Co.,  N.  J. ;  had  ch. : 

1.  William,  m.  Sarah  Welsh,  (dau.  Vandervoort) . 

2.  Mary,  m.  George  Pickle. 

3.  Sabab,  m.  John  Pickle. 

4.  Jonathan,  m.  Lida  Cregar. 

5.  David  F.,  m.  out  West. 

6.  Maggie,  unmarried. 

7.  Lottie,  d.  unmarried. 

8.  Jennie,  m.  Manning  Fisher,  s.  of  Wesley. 

9.  George,  unmarried. 

(HI).  WILLIAM,  m.  Sarah  Van  Pelt ;  res.  N.  Y.  City  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Kate,  m.  a  Conliin. 

2.  Josephine,  m.  in  N.  T. 

3.  James,  m.  a  Miss  Benbrook. 

(IV).  CATHERINE,  m.  Andrew  Van  Vliet ;  res.  New  Germantown  ;  had 

1.  Sarah  Ellen,  m.  Urias  Alpaugh. 

2.  Jonathan,  m.   Fanny  Alpaugh  (sister  to  TJrias). 

3.  Elisabeth,  m.  Andrew  Shankle. 

4.  Andrew,  m.  dau.  of  John  Opdyke. 

5.  Emma,  m.  Luther  Smith,  now  of  the  Black  Hills. 

6.  Isaac. 

7.  Pohlman,  m.  Jane  Potts. 

8.  Gilbert. 

9.  Clista  m.  John  Lewis. 

10.  Edward,  m.  in  N.  Y. 

11.  Anna  Maria,  died  young. 

(V).  ELISABETH,  m.  William  Shurtz,  s.  of  George  ;  res.  at  Lebanon,  N. 
J. ;  had  ch. :    Jennie,  m.  Charles  Pruden  ;  Mamie,  m.  a  gentleman 
of  Trenton  ;  three  died  young. 
HENRY,  a  brother  of  Jonathan,  lived  at  Allamuchy,  Warren  Co.,  and  had  ch. : 
among  others, 
I.  JOSEPH,  who  went  West. 
II.  JOHN,  who  went  West. 

III.  RACHEL,  m.  William  Starker. 


V.  SARAH,  m.  John  Mettler. 
JOSEPH,  another  brother  of  Jonathan  ;  res.  near  Newton,  Sussex  Co.;  had  ch., 
at  least : 
111.  JOHN. 


FREDERICK!  BARTLES  was  captured  by  the  French,  while  serving  in  the 
cavalry  of  Frederick  the  Great ;  escaped  and  fled  from  Paris  to  Amsterdam, 
and  thence,  by  way  of  London,  to  Philadelphia  ;  m.  Anna  Catharine  Apt,  of 
Phil.    Fred.  Henry  Barthals  arrived  in  Phila.  8  Sep.,  1753,  in  ship  St.  Michael, 

Bartles  253 

from  Hamburg.  He  removed  to  Northern  New  York,  where  he  engaged 
extensively  in  manufacturing  and  shipping  flour  and  lumber.  "This  year, 
1794,  a  settlement  was  commenced  under  the  direction  of  Mr.  Bartles  from  the 
Jerseys,  on  the  outlet  of  Mud  Lake,  one  of  the  branches  of  the  Conhocton. 
Towards  the  end  of  summer  a  set  of  merchant  mills  were  in  considerable  for- 
wardness, including  a  saw-mill  at  Fredericktown,  called  after  his  name.  In 
May,  1798,  Mr.  Bartles  proceeded  from  his  milla  in  the  centre  of  Steuben  Co., 
by  raft  on  the  Susquehanna  River,  with  100,000  feet  of  boards  for  Baltimore, 
where  he  arrived  safely  and  found  so  good  a  market  that  he  engaged  to  deliver 
the  same  quantity  next  spring.  There  is  another  Jersey  settlement  at  the  head 
of  Canascroga  Creek."  From  Documentary  History  of  New  York,  voL  n,  p. 
-660.    He  had  ch. : 

I. "ANDREW,  m.  about  1790,  Catherine  Plum,  dau.  of  John,  of  New  Bruns- 
wick, who  was  a  soldier  in  the  Revolution.  He  was  a  man  of  large 
enterprise.  He,  in  connection  with  his  father-in-law,  John  Plum,  of 
New  Brunswick,  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  iron  at  Hacklebamey. 
He  had  ch.: 
(I).  JOHN  MARCUS,  b.  1791.  July  14,  d.  yg. 
(II).  SARAH,  b.  1793,  Mar.  17,  unm. 

(III).  FREDERICK,  b.  1795,  Feb.  14,  m.  (1)  Elisabeth  Williams  ;  (2)  Nancy 
Youngs ;  had  ch. : 

1.  John  Plum,  b.  1818,  Sept.  19,  m.  Caroline  Sharp,  dau.  of  Abraham, 

rem.  to  Ohio. 

2.  David  Thomas,  b.  1821,  Jan.  27,  m.  at  New  Phila.,  O. 

3.  Catherine,  b.  1823,  Oct.  27,  m.  Cornelius  Messier. 

4.  Ellas  Mullison,  m.  Sophia  Stryker,  dau.  of  Martin,  prominent 

lumber  merchant  at  German  Valley,  N.  J.,  director  in  the 
Hackettstown  National  Bank  ank  a  large  employer  of  labor  ; 
had  ch. : 

(I).  Henry  Plum,  d.  yg. 

(2).  Anna,  m.  James  Courtrjght  of  Newark  ;  has  ch. :  Charles, 
Frank,  James,  Anna. 

(3).  Sarah  Plum,  d.  yg. 

(4).  Kate,  m.  Floyd  T.  Woodhull ;  have  one  ch.:    Leroy. 

5.  Charles,  b.  1829,  July  15,  d.  yg. 

6.  Andrew,  b.  1831,  Aug  19,  m.  Emma  Demot. 

(IV).  HENRY  P.,  m.  Susan  Van  Pelt,  of  Fox  Hill ;  have  son  :  Joseph 
Van  Pelt,  b.  1822,  Aug.  28. 
(V).  CHARLES,  b.  1801,  Mar.  18,  m.  (1)  Eliza  Hart ;  (2)  Eliza  Randall, 
res.  at  Flemington  ;  grad.  of  Union  College,  1820,  and  became  b 
prominent  business  man  and  lawyer ;  he  was  President  Hunt.  Co. 
Bank,  1858,  until  his  death. 
(VI).  JULIANA,  b.  1803,  June  30,  unm. 

(VII).  ELISABETH  PLUM,  b.  1806,  Oct.  4,  m.  Joseph  Cornish. 
(IX).  PHEBE  KLINE,  b.  1812,  Jan.  7,  m.  Geo.  B.  Stothoff,  res.  at  Flem- 
IL  ANNA  MARIA,  b.  1771,  Feb.  4. 
HI.  CARL,  b.  1773,  Feb.  24. 
IV.  WILHELM,  b.  1778,  Sept.  16. 
V.  ANNA  MARIA  ELISABETH,  b.  1780,  Aug.  8. 

254  Early  Germane  of  New  Jersey 

VI.  MARIA  JULIANA,  b.  1782,  Dec.  25. 
VII.  JOSEPH,  b.  1784,  Dec.  25,  m.  Phebe  Klein,  dau.  of  Jacob  ;  had  ch.: 

I.  GEORGE  HARVEY,  b.  1820,  Oct.  18,  m.  Clark,  s.  of  Austin, 

of  Lebanon,  res.  at  Flemington. 
II.  JACOB  KLEIN,  b.  1824.  Jan.  15,  unm.,  res.  at  New  Germantown. 
VIII.  ANNA  CATHERINE,  b.  1787. 


ROBERT  and  DAVID  BARKLEY  were  two  of  the  twenty-four  proprietors  to 
whom  the  Duke  of  York  gave  the  grant,  or  sale,  of  East  New  Jersey,  1682-3, 
Mar.  14.  Robert  was  appointed  Governor,  and  d.  1690,  Oct.  S.  David 
appears  to  have  visited  the  province  previous  to  1684.  He  died  1675,  about 
Aug.  15.  on  the  passage  from  Aberdeen  to  East  Jersey,  in  charge  of  a  cargo  of 
goods  for  the  proprietors.  His  righte  in  the  soil  were  inherited  in  whole  or  in 
part  by  his  brother  John,  who  lived  for  many  years  and  died  in  the  province. 
John  came  to  East  Jersey,  with  six  persons  in  his  company,  Mar.,  1683  ;  was 
appointed,  1692,  Mar.  25,  by  Gov.  Alex.  Hamilton,  Receiver  General  and  Sur- 
veyor General ;  his  name  appears,  1699,  as  clerk  at  Perth  Amboy ;  signs, 
1702.  as  one  of  the  proprietors  of  East  Jersey. — [  Whitehead's  East  New  Jersey]. 
It  has  not  been  possible  as  yet  to  trace  the  connection  between  the  two  pro- 
prietors, and  the  families  of  Barclay  and  Bartley  of  Bedminster  twp.,  Som. 
Co..  but  it  seems  psobable  that  the  father  of  Robert  Barkley  and  Hugh  Partley 
(or  Barkley)  was  John  Barkley,  who  may  have  been  the  son  of  JOHN,  the  pro- 
I.  JOHN. 

(I).  ROBERT    BARKLEY,  wife    Christian ;    will    dated    Bedminister, 
Somerset  Co.,  1789,  Sept.  10,  prob.  1790,  Feb.  6,  mentions : 

1.  John. 

2.  Nancy,  m.  John  King. 

3.  Isabel,  m.  Robert  Little. 

4.  Rebecca,  m.  Thos.  Walker. 

5.  Elisabeth,  m.  Benyon  Dunham. 

6.  Martha,  m.  David  Dunham. 

Executors  of  Robert's  will  were,  "my  son,  John  Barkley,  my 
brother,  Huph  Barkley,  and  Robert  Blair. 
(Hi.  HUGH  BARTLEY,  b.  1719.  d.  1803.  June  24,  m.  Elisabeth  b.  1724, 
d.  1811,  Jan.  8  ;  first  of  the  name  Bartley,  prob.  changed  from 
Barclay  ;  had  at  least  one  sou  : 
1.  John,  m.  a  Logan ;  carried  meat  in  Washington's  Army,  and 
received  a  pension.     His  name  appears  on  the  list  of   Revolu- 
tionary soldiers,  as  does  also  that  of  Hugh  Barkley  ;  had  ch. : 
(ll.  a  daughter ,  m.  Henry  Woodley,  of  N.  Y. 
(2).  Rebecca,  m.  Nathaniel  Hudson,  of  Som.  Co. 

(3i.  Sarah,  m.   (1)  Dunham  ;   (2)  Richard  Howell,   res. 

at  Flanders. 
(4l.  Hugh,  m.  Sarah  Potter,  dau.  of  Samuel,  b.  1787.  March  1  ; 
had  ch. : 
(a».  Caroline,  m.  John  S.  Salmon,  s.  of  Wm. 
(bi.  Jonathan,  m.  Dorothy  Caskey,  dau.  of  Rob't. ;  had  ch. ; 
Robert,    m.   first,    Alice    Swaekhamer.    dau.    David  ; 

Bartley — Batson  255 

second,  Hannah  Stephens,  dau.  Will.;  Dorothy,  m. 
Chas.  S.  Salmon,  s.  of  Richard  ;  Alma,  m.  Henry  Sal- 
mon, s.  of  Gideon  ;  Caroline,  m.  George  Salmon,  s.  of 
Peter,  b.  1  Aug.,  1829  ;  Hannah,  m.  Peter  Salmon,  s. 
of  Gideon. 

(c).  Samuel,  m.  Eliza  Ewalt ;  res.  in  Ohio  ;  has  3  ch. : 

(d).  Sarah  Elisabeth,  m.  Aaron  Salmon,  3.  of  Stephen  ; 
has  four  ch. ; 

(e) .  Hannah,  died  young. 

(f).  William,  m.  Elmira  Woolf ;  in  partnership  with  his  sons 
has  a  foundry  and  machine  shop  at  the  place  where 
they  reside  and  called  after  their  name,  Bartleyville. 
Morris  Co.,  X.  J.;  has  eh.:  Samuel,  m.  Marv  Slater: 
Augustus  Wolf,  m.  Elisabeth  Sharp,  dau.  David  :  Irene, 
died  unmarried  ;  a  civil  engineer. 

ig).  Hugh.  m.  Elisabeth  Frone,  dau.  of  John  :  has  ch. :    Jon- 
athan, a  mill-wnght,  m.  Mary  Freeman,  dau. 
of  Bedminster  ;  Louisa,  m.  E.  J.  Frey,  a  teacher  ;  res. 
Clinton,  N.  J. 


THOMAS,  gives  mortgage,  1771,  to  Samuel  Shoemaker  for  800  acres,  including  lots 
No.  3,  4  and  18  of  the  Boynton  tract,  for  £518.    He  perhaps  had  ch. : 

I.  SAMUEL,  whose  will,  "  Roxbury,"  1814,  Jan.  12,  prob.  May  12 ;  names 
w.  Mary  and  ch. : 
(II).  MARY,  m.  a  Sutton. 
(III).  THOMAS,  (only  son). 
II.  JOHN,  whose  will,  "  Roxbury,"  1832,  Jan.  9,  prob.  Mar.  31  ;  names  ch. : 
(I).  AMOS,  m.  Deborah. 

(II).  JOHN,  (deceased  1832),  m.  Barbara;  had  children  mentioned  in  his 
father's  will  j 

1.  Locket. 

2.  Peter. 

3.  Thomas. 

4.  Daniel. 

(III).  STEPHEN,  mentioned  in  his  brother's  will  as  needing  to  be  supported. 
(IV).  SARAH,  m.  Daniel  Young. 
(V).  RACHEL,  whose  will,  "  Roxbury,''  9  Feb.,  1832,  prob.  13  Oct.,  1845  ; 
names  ch. : 

1.  Jonathan. 

2.  Hannah,  m.  Joseph  Sanders. 

Miscellaneous— The  name  Batson  may  be  the  same  as  Busson,  Besson  and 
Bason.  We  therefore  add  the  following  :  Benjamin  Busson  bought  the  Schooley 
tract  near  Drakestown,  of  Wm.  Biddle,  Dec,  1735.  Francis  and  Lizzie  Besson  and 
ten  children  are  said  to  have  come  to  this  country  about  1750  with  the  Shurts 
family  of  Hunterdon  Co.  Xiccklas  Bason  was  a  member  of  the  Reformed  Dutch 
Church,  of  New  Brunswick,  in  1717.  Frederick  Bason  and  the  widow  Berson  were 
customers  of  the  German  storekeeper  in  German  Valley  before  1763.  Andrew 
Batson  and  Elsa  had  ch. :  Andrew,  b.  2  Dec.,  '.773.  recorded  on  New  Germantowu 
church  book. 

256  Earlv  Germans  of  New  Jersey 


BARTRAM  BEHM,  (Beam),  came  over  on  ship,  Two  Brothers,  from  Rotterdam. 
1752,  Sept.  15  ;  lived  at  Philhower  crossroads,  1767,  Dec,  when  "  Mud  Street" 
was  laid  out ;  had  ch. : 
I.  MORRIS,  m.  Anna  Hoover  from  Hunterdon  Co.,  b.  about  1748,  d.  1852 
(?) ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  HENRY,  b.  about  1790,  m.  Margaret  Weaver  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Jacob,  m.  Charity  Bird. 

2.  Henry,  m.  Jane  Bird. 

3.  Mart,  m.  Wm.  Steltz. 

4.  Margaret,  m.  Benjamin  Coniken 
5.;George,  m.  Ann  Bird. 

6.  David,  m.  Margaret  Sutton. 

7.  Philip,  m.  Zilpha  Ader. 

(II).  JOSEPH,  b.  1792,  Oct.  9,  m.  Rachel  Hoover  ;  had  ch.: 

1.  Mary,  b.  1820,  m. Van  Duyne. 

2.  Nelson ,  b.  1825,  m.  Mary  A.  Beam,  dau.  John  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  Ransom,  m.  Mrs.  Ellen  (O'Neill)  Ballard. 

(2).  Joseph,  m.  Clarissa  Booth. 

(3).  Lydia,  m.  Henry  O'Neill. 

(4).  Thomas,  m.  Percilla  Beam,  dau.  Philip. 

(5).  Mary,  m.  Enos  Parker,  s.  of  John  of  Staten  Island. 

(6).  Margaret  Ann,  unmarried. 

(7).  Elisabeth,  m.  George  Apgar,  8.  of  Morris. 

(8).  Louisa,  unmarried. 

(9).  Hollow  ay,  unmarried. 
(10).  Eliphalet,  unmarried. 
(11).  John,  m.  Anna  Lake. 

3.  Catherine,  b.  1827,  m.  John  Parker  of  Staten  Island. 

4.  Findley,  b.  1829,  died  young. 

5.  Barbara,  b.  1831,  m.  (1)  Cornelius  Van  Cott ;  (2)  Sutley  Wallace. 

6.  Mahala,  b.  1833,  m.  Ellick  Taylor  ;  removed  to  Pennsylvania. 
(HI).  ANNE,  m.  John  Ader. 

(TV).  MORRIS,  b.  1799,  Sept.  15,  m.  Anne  Schuyler,  dau.  Philip  ;  had  ch.: 

1,  Philip,  m.  Mary  Wiley. 

2.  Anthony,  m.  Elisabeth  Wiley. 

S.  Nancy,  m. Wolflnger  of  Pennsylvania. 

4.  Findley,  d.  in  war  ;  m.  Margaret  Cortright. 

5.  Mary,  m.  Joseph  Cortright. 
(V).  RACHEL,  m.  Samuel  Wiley. 

(VI).  BARBARA,  m.  Henry  Weaver. 

(VII).  SARAH,  b  1801,  April  19,  m. Urtz. 

(VIII).  DANIEL,  b.  1802,  Dec.  28  ;  unmarried. 
(IX).  MARGARETTA,  b.  1805,  April  11. 
(X).  PHILIP,  b.  1809,  Jan.  28. 
(XI).  DAVID  CROTSLY,  b.  1811,  Oct.  10. 
H.  LAWRENCE,  went  to  Canada  ;  had  dau.,  Susanna,  b.  1801,  Dec.  28. 
III.  JOHN,  b.  before  1754  (probably);  d.  about  1844,  m.  Catherine  Pace,  dau. 
Daniel ;  fought  through  the  Revolution  ;  owned  one  farm  in  Hunterdon 



and  one  in  Morris  Co.  ■  had  ch. : 
(I).  DANIEL,  m.  Elsie  Schuyler,  dau.  Wm. ;  had  ch.  (order  uncertain) : 

1.  Mary,  b.  1805,  Dec.  19,  m.  Joshau  Van  Cott. 

2.  William,  m.  Elsie  Apgar. 

3.  Catherine,  m.  Charles  Perry. 

4.  Parker,  unmarried. 

5.  Elisabeth,  b.  1811,  Feb.  28,  m.  Jacob  Beam. 

6.  Barbara,  m.  Lot  Wolf. 

7.  Sophia,  m.  Philip  Ader. 

8.  Caroline,  m.  Nathan  Hoffman. 

9.  Aaron,  b.  1813,  Jan.  22. 

(IT).  MORRIS,  d.  1822,  m.  Catherine  Fleming,  b.  1791,  June  12,  d.  1853, 
Dec.  9;  hadch.: 

1.  Annie,  b.  1810,  Feb.  3,  m.  Wm.  Apgar. 

2.  George,  b.  1812,  Oct.  31  ;  unmarried. 

3.  Elisabeth,  b.  1815,  Aug.  6,  m.  Andrew  Seals. 

4.  Catherine,  m.  Isaac  Ader. 

5.  Ebenezer,  m.  out  West. 
OLD.  JOHN,  m.  Lydia  Arch  :  had  ch. : 

1.  Thomas,  m.  Elisabeth  Bird. 

2.  Martha,  m.  Charles  HouseL 

3.  James,  m.  Selinda  Blane. 

4.  Catherine,  m.  Morris  Thorp. 

5.  Mart  Ann,  m.  Nelson  Beam. 

6.  Ltdia,  m.  Peter  Peer. 

(TV).  ELISABETH,  m.  Daniel  Hellebrant. 
(V).  RACHEL,  m.  John  Swick,  (N.  Y.  State). 
(VI).  MARY,  m.  Levi  Fleming. 

(VU).  ANN,  m.  (1)  Joshua  Convil ;  (2)  Jas.  Vanderberg. 
(VILI).  BARTRAM,  b.  1797,  d.  1848,  m.  Mary  Fleming,  dau.  Wm.;  had  ch.: 

1.  William,  m.  Catherine  Hendershot. 

2.  Louisa,  m.  Benjamin  Schuyler. 

3.  Caroline,  m.  David  Lance. 

4.  Julia,  m.  Jacob  Lance. 

5.  George,  m.  Mary  A.  Jakewish. 

6.  Henry,  m. Grey. 

7.  Samuel,  died  young. 

8.  Angeline,  died  young. 

9.  Eliza,  died  young. 

10.  Ellen,  died  young. 

11.  Frances,  m.  William  Hoover. 
IV.  CATHERINE,  m.  Fred.  Pace,  s.  of  Daniel. 

JURY  (Juriaan  or  George),  b.  in  Germany;  m.  at  Kingston,  N.  Y.,  14  Nov.,  1719, 
Elisabeth  Hertel  (or  Herten),  dau.  Adam,  from  Germany  ;  had  ch. : 
I.  HENDRIK,  bap.  25  Sept.,  1720  ;  prob.  rem.  with  his  father  to  Hunterdon 
Co.  before  1737,  m.  Cornelia  Engel  ;  had  children,  at  least: 
(I).  ELISABETH,  bap.,  Readington,  8  May,  1749. 
(II).  CORNELIA,  bap.,  Readington,  8  Dec.,  1751. 
(HD.  CORNELIA,  bap.,  Readington,  1  July,  1756. 
(TV).  CORNELIA,  bap.,  Readington,  11  Jan.,  1761. 

258  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

II.  ADAM,  bap.,  Kingston,  9  Dec,  1722. 
III.  WILHELM,  (William),  bap.,  Kingston,  1  March,  1724. 
TV.  ADAM,  bap.,  Kingston,  22  May,  172G. 
V.  JURY,  (George),  bap.,  Kingston,  28  July,  1728. 
VI.  ALBERT,  bap.,  Kingston,  4  March,  1733. 
VII.  ELISABETH,  bap.,  Readington,  23  Oct.,  1737. 

Jury  may  have  had  brothers,  the  three  who  were  married  about  the  same  time, 
Hendrick,  Albert  and  Ov.uw  Beeni,  all  residing  in  Kingston,  N.  Y.,  and  a  sister 
Maria  Doritea,  who  was  b.  in  Germany  and  m.  1715  William  Douwty  from  Old 


JAMES  BEATTY,  will  dated  Lebanon  twp.,  Hunterdon  Co.,  N.  J.,  1766,  Aug.  2  : 
probated  1767,  Feb.  16,  (Trenton  Lib.  13fol.  209) ;  m.  Jane  :  emigrated  from  the 
north  of  Ireland  and  lived  in  a  log  house  between  Anthony  and  Little  Brook 
school  house.  Tradition  says  there  were  seven  brothers  in  the  Revolutionary 
Army,  two  or  three  of  whom  died  at  Sandy  Hook.  Several  moved  to  Shamo- 
kin  Co.,  Pa.  The  seven  brothers  probably  included  James  ;  his  will  names 
the  following  : 



VII.  JAMES,  b.  1761,  d.  1849,  Mar.  18  ;  m.  Elisabeth  Schleicher,  b.  1772,  Nov.  25, 
d.  1854,  Feb.  10.     This  James  may  have  been  a  grandson  of  James  1st. 
He  had  ch. : 
(I).  ALEXANDER,  b.  1793,  Feb.   18,  d.  1874,  m.  Margaret  Taylor,  b. 

1797,  d.  1860  ;  no  children. 
(II).  ANNIE,  b.  1794,  Nov.  24,  m.  Fred.  Lance,  s.  of  Peter. 
(HI).  MARY,  b,  1797,  Jan.  2,  d.  1872,  m.  Jacob  Anthony,  s.  of  Philip. 
(TV).  JOHN,  b.  1799,  d.  1834,  m.  Elisabeth  Hipp,  d.  1872  at  75  years  ;  had  a 
son  Gen.  Sam.  Beatty,  of  Ohio. 
(V).  JACOB,  b.  1801,  d.  1871,  m.  Eva  Anthony,  dau.  of  Philip,  Jr.,  b. 

1801,  d.  1888  ;  had  eleven  children. 
VI).  ELISABETH,  b.  1804,  m.  John  Waters,  s.  of  Thomas. 
(VII).  JAMES,  b.  1807,  d.  1878,  m.  (1)  Sarah  Ann  Fritts,  dau.  "Capt."  Benj. 
b.  1807,  had  three  children,  two  of  whom  died  young  ;  (2)  Julia  Ann 
Sine  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Kate,  m.  Lawrence  Fritts,  s.  of  Thomas. 

2.  Lambert,  unmarried. 

3.  Stewart,  unmarried. 

4.  Mart  Loretta,  m.  D.  W.  Vannatta. 

(VIII).  GEORGE  W.,  b.  1815,  m.   (1)  Elisabeth  Fisher,  b.  1816,  d.  1858  ;  (2) 
Rachel  Thatcher  ;  had  son  Daniel  F. ,  the  organ  manufacturer. 
GEORGE  BEATTY,  probably  a  brother  to  James  ;  res.  Vienna,  Warren  Co.,  N. 

J.,  m.  (It ;  (2)  Elisabeth  Cummings,  b.  1760,  April  11  ;  had  ch. : 

I.  CHARLES,  b.  at  Trenton,  1779,  m.  Mary  Henry,  dau.  of  Herbert;  had  ch. : 
(I).  ELIZA. 

Eeatty  259 

(ii).  stewakt. 
(iii).  fernina. 
(iv).  georgett. 

II.  NANCY,  m.  Joseph  Pangborn. 
ROBERT  BEATTY,  witness  to  James'  will  and  probably   his  brother,  m.   1746, 
Sept.  30,  (according  to  record  01'  St.  Michel  and  Zion's  Church,  Philadelphia) , 
Catherine  Schleycher  :  had  ch. : 
I.  THOMAS,  m.  Margaret ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  THOMAS  J.,  b.  1775,  d.  1840,  May  6,  (Sparta),  m.  1796,  Jane  Mills, 
b.  1774;  hadch.: 

1.  Robert. 

2.  Mary,  m.  Samuel  Craig. 

3.  John. 

4.  holloway  h. 

5.  Margaret,  m.  Wm.  Whitehead. 

6.  Jane,  m.  Andrew  McEevitt. 

7.  Elisabeth,  m.  David  R.  Flynn. 

8.  George  B. 

II.  WILLIAM,  m.  Sarah  Cougle  ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  WILLIAM,  m.  Sarah  A.  Taylor,  dau.  of  Robert. 

(II).  ROBERT  B.,  m.  Mary  A.  Taylor,  dau.  of  Robert  ;  res.  Beattystown, 
Warren  Co.,  N.  J. ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Isabella,  m.  Thomas  Y.  Ward,  3.  of  Harvey. 

2.  Andrew,  unmarried. 

3.  Margaret,  m.  Nelson  Dufford,  s.  of  Philip. 

4.  Elisabeth,  unmarried. 

(III).  MARGARET,  m.  Wm.  Hance,  s.  of  William. 
(IV).  JAMES  C,  m.  Mary  Weaver. 
JOHN,  Ion  records  Dutch  Church  r*  Kingston,  N.  Y.)  m.  Susanna  Ashford  (Ash- 
forbey,  &c.l;  ''both  members  of  the  English  Church";  had  ch.: 

1.  William,  bap.  1695,  June  9. 

2.  Charles,  bap.  1698,  Jan.  9. 

3.  Agnus,  bap.  1699,  Oct.  39. 

4.  Jan,  bap.  1701,  March  2. 

5.  Thomas,  bap.  1703,  March  14  ;  prob.  m.  1729,  Oct.  23,  Maria  Jansz, 

both  b.  at  Marbletown. 

6.  Marta,  bap.  1707,  April  JO. 

ROBERT,  (on  Kingston  records)  m.  Bata  Middagh  ;  banus  registered,  1719,  May 
17  ;  both  b.  in  Marbletown,  N.  Y.,  and  residing  in  Kingston  at  time  of  mar- 
riage ;  had  ch. ; 

1.  John,  bap.  1719.  Nov.  15. 

2.  Marretjen,  bap.  1721,  March  19. 

3.  Joris,  bap.  1732,  May  14  ;  prob.  m.  1752,  Feb.  1,  Annaatje  Brink. 

4.  Margriet,  bap.  1734,  May  12. 

5.  Jane,  bap.  1730,  Aug.  15. 

CHEERELS,  (on  Kingston  records),  m.  Jannetjen  Jansz,  m.  for  2d  husband,  1734, 
Jan.  24,  John  El  ting ;  banus  registered  1724,  Oct.  30  ;  both  b.  and  residing  in 
Marbletown,  N.  Y. ;  had  Bata,  bap.  1725,  Oct.  3. 

JOHN,  (Kingston,  N.  Y.,  records),  m.  Mery  Brink,  1743,  June  11  ;  he  b.  and  resid. 

26o  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Marbletown,  and  she  b.  in  Horley  and  resid.  Marbletown  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Elsjen,  bap.  1744,  Dec.  16. 

2.  Robert,  bap.  1747,  April  5. 


€OL.  JOSEPH,  Col.  in  Second  Regiment  of  Hunterdon  Co.  in  Revolutionary  War; 
was  of  Scotch-Irish  descent ;  was  a  Judge  and  had  a  pew  in  Greenwich  Pres. 
Church,  Bloomsbury,  Warren  Co.,  N.  J. :  had  a  large  farm  ;  had  two  sons  and 
thirteen  daughters  ;  only  three  are  known,  viz  :  Joseph,  died  young  ;  George 
and  Elisabeth,  m.  8  Oct.,  1768,  Dr.  Sam.  Kennedy,  s.  Rev.  Sam. 

GEORGE,  b.  April  1,  1758,  d.  Sept.  2,  1820,  aged  62  years,  5  months  and  1  day  ; 
buried  in  New  Stone  cemetery,  near  Clinton,  N.  J. ;  owned  Pattenburgh  mill, 
now  known  as  Beaver's  mill ;  his  granddaughter,  Mary  Beavers,  b.  May  22, 
1789,  d.  Nov.  21,  1871,  m.  John  Carhart ;  m.  first,  Christianna  ;  second,  Sara, 
b.  Nov.  1,  1760,  d.  Mar.  15,  1841,  at  80  years,  4  months,  14  days  ;  had  ch. : 
I.  JOSEPH,  m.  a  Banghart. 

II.  RALPH,  b.  Dec.  3,  1781,  m.  Christianna  Dilts,  b.  April  16,  1786  ;  had  ch.: 

(I).  HARMON,  b.  Feb.  22,  1807  ;  settled  in  New  York  State. 
(II).  JOSEPH,  b.  Aug.  7,  1809, m.  Margaret  Stout,  dau.  Andrew  ;  had  ch. 

1.  John  Wesley,  m.  Emaline  Seavers,  dau.  of  Abr.;  res.  near  Pot- 

tersville,  Somerset  Co.,  N.  J.;  had  ch. : 

(1).  Rebecca  J.,  died  young. 

(2).  Joseph  S.,  died  young. 

(3).  Elijah  W.,  m.  Blanche  Apgar,  dau.  Isaiah. 

(4).  Ulysses  Grant,  unmarried. 

(5).  William  Sherman,  unmarried. 

(6).  Georgian  a,  m.  Peter  L.  Apgar  ;  res.  near  Pottersville. 

(7).  Maggie  E.,  m.  Fred.  Apgar. 

(8).  Samuel  S.,  unmarried. 

2.  Jane,  m.  George  Pickle,  s.  of  George. 

3.  Martha,  m.  Theodore  Lance,  s.  of  Will. 

4.  Joseph  C,  m.  Charity  Crater,  s.  of  David. 

5.  George,  died  young. 

6.  Harmon,  m.  Charity  Pickle,  dau.  of  Fred. 

7.  Ralph,  m.  a  Rhinehart,  s.  of  David. 

8.  Christianna,  died  young. 

9.  Manning  F.,  m.  Marietta  Pickle,  dau.  of  Sam. 
(III).  NAOMI,  m.  Joseph  Bryant, 

(TV).  ELISABETH,  m.  first,  Archibald  Starker  ;  second,  George  Tiger  ; 
third,  Richard  Philhower. 
(V).  MARY,  m.  Elijah  Stout,  s.  of  Andrew. 
(VI).  CATHERINE,  m.  Jacob  D.  Fritts,  s.  of  George. 
(VII).  MAHALA,  m.  Will.  Plum. 



V.  ABBIE,  m.  Edward  Johnson. 
VI.  MARY,  b.  May  22,  1789,  d.  Nov.  21,  1871,  m.  John  Carhart,  s.  of  Charles 

and  Mary  Dunham. 
VII.  MARTHA,  b.  April  30,  1791,  d.  April  30,  1875  ;  buried  in  New  Stone  cem- 
etery, near  Clinton. 

Beavers — Bell  261 

VLTI.  SARAH,  m.  George  Bunnell. 
IX.  NANCY,  m.  Capt.  Ben.  Pritts. 


JOHN  BELL,  witness  to  will  of  John  Colver,  of  "  Black  River,"  in  1734  ;  constable 
Roxbury  twp.,  1742  ;  perhaps  had  ch.: 
I.  ONESIMUS  (Simeon)  named  in  will  of  his  brother  John. 
II.  JABESH,  will,    "  Roxbury,"  6  Nov.,  1786,  prob.  2  June,  1789,   (Trenton 
Lib.  30  p.  225),  names  ch. : 
(LT).  HANNAH  KELSEY,  [wife  of  William,  b.  May  1734,  d.  6  Aug.,  1806]. 
(V).  SUSANNA  WEATON,  [Heaton  ?]. 
HI.  JOHN,  will,  "Roxbury,"  22  Jan.,  1778.  prob.  6  Jan.,  1780,  names  "  bro. 
Onesimus,  otherwise  Simeon,"  "  friend  Aaron  Stark,"  and  three  sons  and 
one  daughter,  none  of  whom  21  years  of  age  : 
(D.  JOHN. 
(HI).  LEVI,  d.  12  April,  1812,  m.  Mary  Terry,  dau.  Richard  1st,  and  wid. 
Simeon  Drake,  b.  13  Sept.,  1758,  d.  26  Sept.,  1836  ;  had  one  son, 
Simeon  Drake  Bell,  b.  15  Aug.,  1801,  d.  3  Nov.,  1859,  m.  Elisabeth 
E.,  b.  11  Oct.,  1803,  d.  21  Nov.,  1856. 
IV.  ISAAC,  named  father  in  the  will  of  bis  son,  James,  of  Hardwick,  29  Mar., 
1778.  prob.  12  Oct.,  1780  ;  who  also  names  bro.-in-law  Nathaniel  Hazen. 
ROBERT,  removed  from  Newton,  Sussex  Co.,  to  Walpack,  and  purchased,  30  Apr., 
1808,  197  acres  on  Flatbrook.  near  Walpack  Centre,  m.  Mary  Struble,  dau.  of 
Leonard,  of  Myrtle  Grove,  Hampton  twp.,  Sussex  Co.;  had  ch. : 
I.  JACOB,  m.  a  Bale  and  removed  to  WilsonviUe,  Pa. 
IL  JESSE,  m.  a  Young  and  reared  a  large  family. 

III.  JOHN,  lived  near  Swartswood  and  had  one  sonand  onedaughter  ;  Leonard, 

Jr.,  who  removed  West,  and  Mrs.  Jacob  N.  V.  Dimon,  of  Frankford, 
Sussex  Co. 

IV.  LEONARD,  m.  Lucinda  Rosenkrans,  dau.  Benjamin  ;  res.  near  Walpack 

V.  NANCY,  m.  Dayton  Cole. 
VI.  SUSAN,  m.  Helam  Van  Auken. 
VII.  ELISABETH,  m.  John  A.  Struble,  of  Hampton. 
VIII.  MARGARET,  m.  John  Bevans,  of  Sandyston  twp. 
IX.  ROBERT,  m.  a  daughter  of  Henry  Burk  and  had  son  Emmet. 
Miscellaneous— JOHN,   Somerset  Co.;  will  20  Sept.,  1769,  prob.  20  April, 
1770,  names  first  w.,  Anna  Myers,  (dau.  John  of  N.  Y.  city),  wid.  Capt.  Richard 
Tilden,  and  second  w.,  Hannah  Smith  (dau.  Fred,  of  Philadelphia),  and  children 
Andrew  and  Cornelia. 

262  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 


WILLIAM,  naturalized  by  act  of  Assembly,  1730  ;  also  naturalized,  1774,  Adam, 
Johann,  William  and  Peter  Bellesfelt  and  in  1756,  Johann  Belesvelt.    On  West 
Jersey  society  lands,  1735,  Peter  Bellesfielt  and  William  Bylerfelt,  prob.  same 
as  preceding.     Hendrick  van  Bilevelt  was  a  "  cadet  on  the  Delaware,"  11  Aug., 
1661.    The  family  came  from  Neuwied  town,  or  county,  in  province  Nassau. 
There  is  a  walled  town  in  Westphalia  of  the  name  Bielefeld,  of  over  6,000 
inhabitants.  The  name  of  this  family  is  found  in  the  early  records  of  N.  T.  city 
and  is  veryjjvariously  spelled.   It  was  finally  shortened  to  Belles.   William  may 
have  had  4  sons  :    Adam,  J.  William,  Peter  and  John. 
I.  ADAM.  bot.  210  acres  abt.  2  miles  s.  of  Flemington,  near  Copper  Hill, 
1743,  June  1,  from  John  Stevenson.    In  the  deed  the  name  is  Adam  Bel- 
lows, the  first  step  in  change  from  Bellowsfelt  to  Bellis,  Belles  or  Bellas  ; 
had  children. 

(I).  WILLIAM,  b.  1740,  Dec.  18,  d.  1826,  Feb.  27,  m.  Mary  Housel  (dau. 
Martin  of  Amwell) ;  had  children. 

1.  Adam,  b.  1774,  Jan.  19,  d.  young. 

2.  Eleanor,  1775,  b.  Sep.  29,  m.  Rev.  John  Jacob  Wack  (s.  Rev.  Casper). 

3.  William,  b.  1776,  Dec.  15,  m.  Margaret  Young  (dau.  Peter) ;  has 

son,  John  Young  Bellis,  near  Reaville. 

4.  David,  b.  1778,  Oct.  12,  m.  Eleanor  Schenck  (dau.  Ralph  or  Rafe) ; 

had  ch.:    John  William,  on  the  old  Schenck  farm  ;  David  S.,  at 
Copper  Hill ;  Maria,  b.  17  May,  1805. 

5.  John,  b.  1781,  May  26,  m.  1,  Margaret  Cool ;  2,  Sarah  Lisk  ;  had 

children : 

(1).  Margaret,  m.  Christopher  Werte. 

(2).  David,  m.  first,  a  dau.  of  Abraham  Werts  ;  second,  Anne 

Chamberlain  (dau.  William). 
(8).  John,  m.  first,  a  sister  of  Paul  Cool  Dilts ;  second,  a  lady 

from  New  York  State. 

6.  Matthias,  b.  1783,  April  24,  d.  1826,  June  4,  m.  Elisabeth  Sutphin 

(dau.  Rafe),  d.  1847,  Oct.  20  ;  had  four  children,  two  living  in  1880  : 
(1).  William  M.  and  Hannah,  w.  of  Abraham  Prall ;  Charity, 
d.  1832,  Aug.  5,  and  Hiram,  d.  1835,  Aug.  14. 
(II).  PETER,  b.  1743,  July  30,  went  to  Kentucky. 
(III).  CATHARINE,  b.  1746,  unm. 

(TV).  JOHN,  b.  1750,  d.  1838.  July  11 ;  soldier  in  Revolutionary  War ;  m. 
Nellie  Williamson,  of  Larason  Corners. 
(V).  ADAM,  b.  1753,  m.  Mary  Rockafellar  (dau.  Peter). 
(VI).  ANDREW,  b.  1757,  July  17,  m.  Elisabeth  Servis  ;  rem.  to  Hopewell. 
(VII).  CHARITY,  b.  1760,  April  15,  unmarried. 
II.  JOHANN  WILLIAM  BELLOWSFELT,  left  will  dated  Amwell.  1773, 
June  14,  prob.  1775,  Dec.  12.  m.  Catherine,  "29  May,  1743,  JohanWillem 
Brillensfeld  [Bielersfeld  or  Bellowsfelt]  j.  m.  v.  Niewit  wonede  in  Amwel, 
met  Anna  Catharine  Kempel,  j.  d.  ook  v.  Niewit  en  wonende  Alhier." 
Translation  :— Married  29  May,  1743,  John  William  Bellowsfelt.  young 
man,  from  Niewit  [Neuwied  on  the  Rhine],  dwelling  in  Amwell,  to  Anim 
Cath.  Kempel,  also  from  Niewit  and  dwelling  here  [New  York  City]. 
Records  Collegiate  R.  D.  Church,  N.  Y. ;  had  ch. : 

Bellis  or  Bellowsfelt  263 

(I).  WILLIAM  BELLESFELD,  prob.  m.  Christina  Lesley  (?)  and  had 
(see  records  Alexandria  German  Church), 

1.  Johann,  b.  1763,  Feb.  15,  bap.  Sep.  26. 

2.  Conrod,  b.  1769,  Jan.  6,  bap.  Mar.  9. 

3.  David,  b.  1772,  Mar.  5,  bap.  April  21. 
(II).  PETER. 

(III).  JOHN  GEORGE,  bap.  (Readington  Ref .  Dutch  records),  1742,  July  18. 
(IV).  JOHN.  bap.  (same  records),  1744,  Nov.  25. 
(VII).  ADAM. 

HI.  PETER,  had  will  dated  1765,  Sept.  28,  prob.  1767,  Feb.  7,  names 

wife,  Christeen,  prob.  dau.  Peter  Fisher  (see  will  of  latter) ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  PHILIP. 
(II).  PETER,  prob.  b.  1739,  d.  1808,  April  13,  m.  Elis.  Catherine,  b.  1741, 
Sep.  23,  d.  1812,  April  3  ;  he  left  will  dated  Knowlton,  1798,  April 
28,  prob.  Newton,  1808,  April  21  ;  had  ch.: 

1.  Matthias. 

2.  Anthony. 

3.  John. 

4.  Anna. 

5.  Christeena. 

6.  Elisabeth. 

7.  Mary  ;  speaks  of  400  acres  in  Catawissy,  Penn. 

Peter  Bollesfeld  and  Catherine  (see  records  Lebanon) ;  had 
eh.:    Peter,  b.  1768,  Aug.  27;   Elisabeth,  b.  1770.  Sep.  30;  Elsa 
Catherine,  b.  1774,  Sept.  3. 
IV.  JOHANNES   (John);  his  wife  afterwards  m.   Phil.  Young,  whose  will 
dated  Amwell,  176B,  Oct.  12,  names  "  Barnet  Bellowsfelt,  my  wife's  son." 
Probably  had  children  : 
(I).  BARNET,  had  at  least  one  son. 

1.  John,  b.  1756,  Aug.  20,  d.  1829,  Jan.  26,  at  73,  m.  Elisabeth  Hol- 
combe,  b.  1758,  d.  1843,  June  4,  at  86  ;  had  ch. :  Barnet ;  Char- 
lotte ;  Eleanor ;  Samuel,  b.  1787,  Sept.  7  ;  Rebecca,  b.  1789,  May 
9 ;  Phebe,  b.  1798,  Dec.  7  ;  Urial,  b.   1792,  Oct.  22 ;  George,  b. 

1794,  Dec.  28  ;  John,  b.  1797,  Mar.  7  ,  d.   1827,  Dec.  29,  m. 

Elis.  Roberson  (dau.  Thomas),  and  had  Wesley,  Mary  and  John. 

The  following  are  probably  three  brothers  and  the  records  are  from  the  church 

book  of  the  old  German  Alexandria  (Mt.  Pleasant,  Warren  Co.,  N.  J.,)  Church : 

I.  PETER,  m.  Allis  or  Elisabeth  Catherine  or  Elsie ;   had  ch. :     Peter,  b. 

1783,  Jan.  28,  bap.  Dec.  10 ;  Anna,  b.  1785,   April  16,  bap.  June  15 ; 

Abigail,  b.  1787,  April  28,  bap.  Dec.  5  ;  Joseph,  b.  1792,  Aug.  12,  bap. 

May  10,  1793  ;  Isaac,  b.  1795,  Nov.  6,  bap.  Nov.  13. 

II.  PHILIP,  m.  Maria  ;  had  ch. :   Maria,  b.  1783,  Oct.  5,  bap.  Dec.  10  ;  Philip, 

b.  1789,  May  1,  bap.  Aug.  26. 
III.  HERBERT,   ra.  Charity;   had  ch.:    Mary,  b.  1797,  Nov.  27,  bap.  1798, 
Mar.  3;   Eva,  b.  1798,  Sep.  11,  bap.  1799,  Feb.  28;  William,  b.  1800, 
Oct.  19,  bap.  Dec.  15. 

264  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

The  names  of  parents  of  following  are  not  given  :    Daniel,  bap.  1794,  Mar.  19  ; 
Catherine,  bap.  1794,  Mar.  19 ;  Elisabeth,  bap.  1794,  Mar.  19. 


JOHN   PETER,   "geboren  ru  Kerzenheim,  Grafschaft  Bolanden,  mit  frau  und 
Kindern  Komen  en  America,  1731,  und  Starb  Aug.  28,  1748,"  (tombstone,  Still- 
water, Warren  Co.);  translation:  "born  at  Kerzenheim,  Bolanden  County, 
came  to  America  with  his  wife  and  children,  1731,  and  died  Aug.  28,  1748  ;  three 
daughters  came  with  him,"  (see  tombstone  of  Mary  Elis.  Wintermute) ;  lived 
near  Philadelphia  until  1742,  and  then  located  in  the  wilderness,  where  the  vil- 
lage of  Stillwater  now  stands  ;  was  the  first  to  be  buried  in  cemetery  on  the 
lot  which  he  had  given  for  church  purposes  ;  had  ch. : 
I.  MARY  ELISABETH,  b.  5  Aug.,  1721,  d.  15  Feb.,  1800,  m.  John  George 
Wintermute  ;  "  Maria  Elis.  Windemuthin  gebohrn  Bernhart  ist  gebohrn 
ano  1721  D.  5  Aug.  zv.  Kerzenheim  in  der  Grafschaft  Bolanden   in 
Europa.     In  America  komen  mit  Vater  u.  Mutter  u.  2  Sehwester  ano 
1731  Starb  D  15  February  ano  1800  Ihr  Alter  war  78,"  (tombstone,  Still- 
water. Warren  Co.) ;  translation :  "  Mary  Elis.  Wintermuth,  born  Bern- 
hart,  was  born  in  the  year  1721  on  the  5th  of  August  at  Kerzenheim, 
County  Bolanden,  in  Europe.     She  came  to  America  with  her  father  and 
mother  and  two  sisters  in  the  year  1731  ;  she  died  15  Feb.,  1800.     Her  age 
was  78." 
II.  MART  C,  b.  1721,  (?)  d.  1  Dec,  1794,  at  73,  m.  Casper  Shafer. 
HI.  MRS.  JEPTHA  ARRISON,  m.  Arrison,  a  widower,  in  1760 ;  had  a  son 
John,  a  blacksmith,  in  Stillwater  ;  removed  to  Pennsylvania  before  Rev- 
olution, but  the  troubles  with  the  Indians  drove  them  back  to  Stillwater 
during  the  Revolutionary  War. 
SAMUEL  BERNHARD,  (or  Barnhard),  signed  Rev.  Albert Weygand's  call  1749; 
named,  as  one  of  trustees,  in  lease  from  Ralph  Smith  for  church  lands  in  New 
Germantown,  1749  ;  Bigned  in  English,  with  others,  as  one  of  the  elders  of  New 
Gennantown  church,  a  note  for  £82  to  Baltis  Pickle  ;  perhaps  had  sons  : 
I.  MICHEL,  m.  Margaret  and  had  dau.,  Maria  Elisabeth,  b.  2  Dec.,  1769. 
H.  BERNHARD,  a  witness  to  a  baptism,  1770. 


CASPAR    BERGER   was  a  German   stone-mason  and  redemptioner.    He  had 
reached  New  York  in  1744,  and  being  sold  by  the  captain  of  the  ship  to  repay 
the  costs  of  passage,  was  purchased,  for  a  term  of  years,  by  Cornelius  Van 
Home,  of  White  House,  in  Hunterdon  County.    After  he  had  served  three 
years  of  his  time,  he  obtained  his  freedom  by  building  three  stone  houses.     One 
of  them  was  for  Cornelius  Van  Home  at  White  House,  now  owned  by  Abraham 
Pickle  ;  and  one  for  Abraham  Pickle  in  the  same  neighborhood,  now  owned  by 
William  Pickle.    The  third  house  was  probably  for  Johannes  Melick.    He  died 
in  1817  and  left  considerable  property,  including  a  homestead  farm  of  400  acres 
at  Readington,  to  his  three  sons,  Aaron,  Peter  and  Jasper,  ("  Story  of  an 
Old  Farm,"  p.  142),  m.  Anna  and  had  children  or  grandchildren  : 
I.  NELLA,  b.  29  April,  1769. 
H.  JOHANNES,  b.  14  Dec,  1772. 
HI.  AARON,  b.  1777. 

Berger — Bird  265 

IV.  SUSANNA,  b.  2  Oct.,  1778. 

V.  JASPER,  b.  1  May,  1784. 


Bird  of  Schooley's  Mountain. 
THOMAS  BIRD  and  w.  Rachel,  emigrated  from  Scotland  ;  had  children  : 

I.  JOHN,  b.  1726,  Jan.  36,  d.  1804,  m.  1756,  May  11,  Lydia  Stilly,  b.  Swedish 

parents),  1732,  Jan.  17,  d.  1761  ;  lived  at  Brandywine  Head,  New  Castle 
Co.,  Md. ;  had  children: 

(I).  THOMAS,  b.  1757,  Feb.  17,  d.  1825,  Feb.  20,  m.  Mary  Babb,  b.  in  Pa. 
1768,  Sept.  4,  d.  1851,  Oct.  23  ;  had  thirteen  children : 

1.  John,  m.  Juliann  Gimble. 

2.  Nancy,  m.  ll)  Jos.  Gibson  ;  (2)  John  Twaddell. 

3.  Lydia,  unmarried. 

4.  Simpson,  unmarried. 
5.(MAKr,  unmarried. 

6.  Sarah,  m.  Jas.  Shipley. 

7.  Benjamin,  died  in  infancy. 

8.  Jacob,  rem.  to  Schooley's  Mountain  from  Maryland  and  m.  Elis- 

abeth Flock,  dau.  Matthias,  b.  3  May,  1811 ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  Mary,  m.  Joseqh  H.  Parker. 

(2) .  Effdj,  died  young. 

(3).  John,  m.  (1)  Sarah  Waek,  dau.  of  Jacob  ;  (2)  Mrs.  Ann  Kara, 

dau.  Jacob  Swartz  ;  had  children  by  first  wife  :    Jacob,  m. 

Sarah  A.  Kara  ;  Jennie,  unmarried  ;  Kate,  unmarried. 
(4).  Sarah,  m.  Wm.  Wiley,  s.  of  John. 
(5).  Julia  Ann,  m.  Robert  T.  S.  Durham. 
(6).  William  Flock,  m.  Frances  Hoffman. 

9.  William,  m.  Juliann  Gray. 

10.  Rebecca,  m.  Wm.  G.  Smith. 

11.  Thomas  J.,  unmarried. 

12.  Juliann  C.  M.,  unmarried. 

13.  Rachel  H.,  m.  George  T.  Gartwell. 
(ID.  REBECCA,  m.  John  Coldwell. 


in.  ELISABETH,  m. McClintock. 

IV.  RACHEL,  m. Reynolds. 

V.  REBECCA,  m.  Bratton. 

VI.  SARAH,  m.  Elijah  Hutton. 

PETER  BABB,  m.  Mary  Lucas  ;  'came  from  Wales  ;  had  ch. : 
I.  SAMPSON,  m.  Ann  Way.  had  ch.: 

(I).  MARY,  m.  Thomas  Bird,  s,  of  John. 
(II).  LYDIA. 
(1H).  JOHN. 
(IV).  CALEB. 
(V).  JACOB. 

266  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Bird  of  Fairmount. 
THOMAS  BIRD,  owned  two  lots  near  store  at  Fainnount,  m.  Margaret  Hoover  ; 
had  children,  (order  uncertain) : 

I.  JOHN,  m.  Caroline  Beam  ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  CATHERINE,  m.  James  Thomas,  (German  Valley). 
(II).  MART,  m.  Nathan  Schuyler,  (Calif on). 
(III).  JAMES,  m.  Elisabeth  Convil,  (Fairmount). 
(TV).  RANCE,  m.  Catherine  Ader,  (Middle  Valley). 
(V).  MARTHA,  m.  William  M'Glocken,  (Fairmount). 
(VI).  ZOFIE,  m.  Jacob  Lommerson,  (Spruce  Run). 
(VII).  JOHN,  m.  Rosanna  Cupboard,  (Middle  Valley). 
(VIII).  WILLIAM,  m.  Elisabeth  Seals,  (Fairmount). 

(IX).  HARVEY,  m.  Elmira  Beam  ;  four  died  young. 
II.  MARY,  b.  3  July,  1806. 

III.  ANDREW,  m.  Elisabeth  Lay. 

IV.  THOMAS,  m.  Sarah  Johnson. 

V.  CATHERINE,  b.  10  Nov.,  1808,  m.  Morris  Bird. 
VI.  BARBARA,  m.  Philip  Beam. 
VII.  ANNA,  m.  John  Sutton. 
VIII.  ELISABETH,  m.  Thomas  Beam,  s.  of  John. 
IX.  JANE,  m.  Henry  Beam. 
X.  PETER,  S.,  b.  5  Oct.,  1810,  m.  Kate  Hoover. 


JOHN  BLOM   (Bloom  or  Blum),  was  naturalized  by  act  of  Assembly  in  N.  J., 
1738-9  ;  will  dated  Mansfield,  23  Dec.,  1788,  prob.  3  April,  1793,  names  children  : 




V.  MERCY,  and  granddaus.  Hannah  Baul  (Paul  ? )  and  Rachel  Brown. 
PETER  BLOOM,  prob.  brother  of  John  ;  elder  1772  in  Alexandria  Church,  Mount 
Pleasant.  Hunterdon  Co.,  N.  J. ;  prob.  had  ch. : 
I.  PETER,  m.  Eva  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  EVE,  b.  19  Aug.,  1764. 
(II).  HERBERT,  b.  13  July,  1767. 
(III).  PAUL,  b.  13  March,  1769. 
(TV).  ANNA,  b.  26  Jan.,  1771. 

(V).  JOHN,  b.  23  Oct.,  1772,  m.  Mary,  b.  8  July,  1773,  d.  1  July,  1852 ; 
had  ch. : 

1.  Elisabeth,  b.  10  Oct.,  1794,  d.  20  Dec,  1794. 

2.  Godfrey,  b.  8  Dec,  1795,  d.  27  May,  1796. 

3.  Ann,  b.  12  April,  1798,  d.  7  Feb.,  1833. 

4.  Sarah,  b.  4  Feb.,  1801. 

5.  John,  b.  16  Aug.,  1803,  d.  4  April,  1847. 

6.  Charity,  b.  9  Sept.,  1805,  d.  22  Feb.,  1834. 

7.  Peter,  b.  13  March,  1809  ;  twin. 

8.  Matilda,  b.  13  March,  1809  ;  twin. 

9.  Effie,  b.  19  March,  1812. 

Bloom — Bodine  267 

(VT)., JACOB,  b.  8  Aug.,  1774. 
(VII).  CHRISTOPHER,  b.  10  Sept.,  1779. 
II.  WTLHELM  ("William),  confirmed  Alexandria  Ger.  Ref.  Ch.,  19  May,  1771. 

III.  ADAM,  confirmed,  Alexandria,  6  Aug.,  1775. 

IV.  JOHN,  confirmed,  Alexandria,  6  Aug.,  1775. 

Miscellaneous — Rev.  Hermadnus  Blom  preached  at  Wiltwyek,  (Kingston!, 
N.  Y.,  to  the  Dutch  Reformed  for  the  first  time,  17  Aug.,  1659,  and  organized  the 
church  there.  Claes  Barentse  Blom  and  Jan  Barentse  Blom,  take  the  oath 
of  allegiance,  Kings  Co.,  N.  Y.,  26-30  Sept.,  1687.  BARNE  BLOOME,  at  Flush- 
ing, 1698,  has  ch. :  Garrett  and  Johannis.  Simon  and  Barent  Blom  subscribe 
to  building  a  church  at  Jamaica,  L.  I.,  in  1715.  Jacob  Frederixsen,  m.  in  N.  Y. 
23  Sept.,  1697,  Mayken  Jansen  Bosch.  Frederick,  m.  in  N.  Y.,  1  Dec.,  1700. 
Annetje  Montagnie.  who  remarries,  1710,  Nov.  25.  Adrian  Janse  Blom,  m.  in  N. 
Y.,  11  Oct.,  1705,  Annetje  Tysse. 


JEAN  BODINE  ("Jean  Boudin,  fugitive  de  Medit"),  was  born  in  France,  at  the 
village  of  Medis,  near  the  southern  shore  of  Saintonge,  along  the  Gironde,  and 
was  naturalized  in  London,  October  14,  1681,  along  with  his  second  wife,  Esther 
Bridon,  (dau.  Francis) .     He  died  on  Staten  Island  as  early  as  1695,  leaving  a 
daughter,  Marianne,  and  a  son,  Jean.     Jean  Bodine's  will,  dated  January  7, 
1707,  mentions  his  brothers,  Eleazor  and  Francis,  and  his  sisters,  Esther  and 
Mary.     {Baird'3  Huguenot  Emigration,  Vol.  H,  pages  38,  39.)     The  original 
spelling  was  Bodin  or  Boudin.     In  America  it  soon  began  to  be  spelled  Bodien 
and  Bodein,  and  finally  Bodine.     Jean  Bodine  was  one  of  the  ablest  political 
thinkers  of  France  during  the  sixteenth  century.    See  Encyclopedia  Brittanica, 
Ninth  Edition,  article,  Bodin,  John,  and  BayWs  Dictionary,  article,  Bodinus, 
Joannes.     (See  also  Wills,  N.  Y.,  V.,  101  ;  VII.,  312  ;  VI.,  88  ;  VII.,  147). 
I.  JEAN,  will,  dated  3  Jan. ,  1707,  gives  us  the  names  of  his  brothers  and  sisters. 
II.  MARIANNE,  m.  Jean  Abelin. 
TV.  ELIAZOR,  [Eliezer]. 
V.  FRANCIS,  perhaps  had  the  following  children,  who  may  have  removed 
from  Staten  Island  to  New  Jersey.: 
(I).  ISAAC,  member  ch.  North  Branch,  1720,  (abt.),  m.  Engeltje  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Janitien,  bap.  30  April,  1707. 

2.  Frederick,  bap.  26  April,  1709,  m.  Saartje  [Sarah]  Rappelyea  ; 

had  ch.  bap.  at  Readington  : 

(1).  Isaac,  bap.  28  May,  1739. 

(2).  Saertie,  [Sarah)  bap.  8  March,  1740. 

(3).  Marytie,  [Mary]  bap.  19  Oct.,  1746. 

3.  Kataleyn,  [Catherine]  bap.  2  Nov.,  1711. 

4.  Isaac,  bap.  18  May,  1715. 

5.  Abraham,  bap.  31  July,  1717. 

6.  Elisabeth,  bap.  13  Oct.,  1719. 

7.  Hester,  bap.  25  Dec.,  1723. 

8.  Jacob,  bap.  18  Aug.,  1723,  [1725  ?  ]. 

9.  Petrus,  bap  3  Sept.,  1727.     These  two  last  were  children  of  Isaac 

268  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

and  Engeltje,  prob.  a  second  wife. 
(II).  JACOB,  m.  Leibetje  [Elisabeth];  had  ch.: 

1.  Jacob,  bap.  4  April,  1719. 

2.  Catherine,  bap.  7  May,  1721. 

3.  Cornelis,  bap.  29  Sept.,  1723. 

4.  Antje,  bap.  11  Aug.,  1726. 

(III).  PETER,  at  Three  Mile  Run,  Somerset  Co.,  1720,  m.  Merritje  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Jan,  bap.  30  April,  1712. 

2.  Davit,  [David],  bap.  3  April,  1717. 
(IV).  ABRAHAM,  m.  Adriantje  Janse  :  had  ch. : 

1.  Catrina,  bap.  4  April,  1725,  m.  Lodewyck  Hardenbrook. 

2.  Peter,  bap.  11  Dec,  1726,  m.  first,  Marytie  ;  second,  Judick,  dau. 

Abraham   Bodine  and  wid.  Sam.  Willemse  ;  had  at  least  dau. 
Betsey,  b.  18  Sept.,  1753,  d.  18  Nov.,  1825,  m.  Folkert  Douw. 

3.  John,  bap.  6  Sept.,  1730,  m.  Femmetje  Voorhees ;  descend'ts  at 

Plainfleld,  N.  J.,  and  Seneca  and  Cayuga  Lakes,  N.  Y. 

4.  Abraham,  bap.  13  April,  1733. 

5.  Judick,  bap.  20  April,  1735,  b.  Mar.  17,  m.  John  Thomson,  b.  15 

April,  1720. 

6.  Isaac,  bap.  10  July,  1737. 

7.  Ouken,  bap.  18  Nov.,  1739. 

8.  Arriantje,  bap.  18  Nov.,  1741. 

9.  Maria,  bap.  10  June,  1744. 

(V).  JOHN,  said  to  have-been  at  North  Branch,  1727  ;  had  at  least  Abra- 
ham, who  may  have  been  the  son  of  Isaac. 
1.  Abraham,  m.   Mary  Low,  dau.  Cornelius  ;  will,  1769,  June  14, 
prob.  July  3  ;  had  ch. : 
(1).  John,  bap.  15  April,  1743. 

(2).  Judick,  bap.  31  March,  1745,  m.  Peter  Bodine,  s.  of  Abram. 
(3).  Mary. 

(4).  Catalyntje,  [Catharine]  bap.  3  Sept.,  1749. 
(5).  Jane. 

(6).  Sarah,  bap.  10  Aug.,  1753. 

(7).  Cornelius,  bap.  Nov.,  1755,  d.  12  June,  1820  ;  his  wife  d.  13 
Nov.,  1824  ;  served   in   Revolutionary  War  and  was  in  the 
battle  of  Monmouth.     After  the  birth  of  bis  third  child  in 
1785,  having  lost  much  of  his  property  by  the  depreciation 
of  the   Continental    currency,   he  went  to  the  borough   of 
Muney,  Pa.,  where  bis  other  children  were  born.    In  1802  he 
removed   thence  to  Ovid,  in  Seneca  County,  New  York, 
where  he  died  ;  had  ch. : 
(a).  Abraham,  bap.  19  Sept.,  1779,  at  Readington,  N.  J.,  d.  23 
Dec,  1862,  near  Hughesville,  Pa.,  where  his  descendants 
still  live,  m.  first,  Mercy  Paxon,  by  whom  he  had  five  chil- 
dren ;  second,  Barbara  Cruze,  by  whom  he  had  but  one 
child.  He  had  John,  Elisabeth,  Charles,  Margaret,  George, 
(b).  Peter,  bap.  25  March,  1781,  at  Readington,  N.  J.,  d.  1843 at 

Ovid,  N.  Y.,  where  his  descendant*  stall  live, 
(c).  John,  bap.  1  Jan.,  1785,  at  Readington,  N.  J.,  d.  1846,  at 

Bodine — Bowman  369 

Wayne  Hotel,  Steuben  Co.,  New  York,  leaving  numerous 
(d).  Cornelius,  b.  1787  in  Penn.,  d.  23  Dec.,  1865,  at  Iceland-*  iile, 

Schuyler  Co.,  N.  Y.,  leaving  many  descendants, 
(e).  Gilbert,  b.  1790,  in  Penn.,  d.  20  Jan.,  1854,  near  Ovid,  N. 

Y.,  having  descendants  mostly  in  Iowa. 
(f).  Isaac,  b.  1794,  in  Penn.,  d.  24  Feb.,  1840  at  Ovid,  N.  Y., 
leaving  one  child,   who  has  descendants  in  Illinois  and 
ig).  Charles,  died  a  babe,  26  Jan.,  1796. 

(h).  George,  b.  8  Jan.,  1798,  in  Penn.,  d.  15  May,  1868,  at  Ovid, 

K.  Y.,  on  the  homestead,  where  his  eight  children  were 

born,  in  which  vicinity  most  of  his  descendanta  live. 

GILBERT,  was  a  grandson  prob.  of  Isaac  of  North  Branch,  b.  1761,  d.  21  Aug., 

1838,  lived  Chester  twp.,  Morris  Co.;  buried  in  Pleasant  H3H  cemetery,  near 

Chester,  Morris  Co.,  m.  Catherine  Dean,  dau.  John  !  ,  b.  1767,  Sept.  18,  d.  9 

Feb.,  1851 ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  Elisabeth,  b.  1787,  d.  26  Sept.,  1847,  m.  Christopher  Trim- 
mer, s.  of  Jacob. 
(2).  Elsie,  b.  9  Nov.,  1791,  m.  Matthias  Trimmer,  s.  of  Jacob. 
(3).  Mary,  m.  Monroe  Hopkins. 
(4).  Jane,  m.  Joshua  Salmon 
(5).  William. 
Miscellaneous — Cornelius,  Francis,  Abraham,  Polly  and  Isaac,  traded  with 
John  Peter  Nitzer,  the  storekeeper  at  German  Valley,  as  early  as  1763.     In  New 
York,  21  Aug.,  1736,  Hester  Bodyn  was  married  to  Cornelius  Brouwer,  and  5  Aug., 
1737,  John  Bodine  to  Catharina  Bensen. 


The  BOWMAN,  (Bouwman,  Bauman  or,  Bouman)  family  prob.  came  from  the 
Palatinate.     In  1720,  Nov.  12,  Susanna  Bowman  from  the  Palatinate,  Germany, 
was  married  to  William  Butler  in  New  York.     In  1720,  Nov.  26,  the  widow  of 
Jacob  Bouwman,  of  Hackensack,  Christina  Huisman,  was  married  in  N.  Y. 
to  George  Myserrie. 
THOMAS  and  wife  Neeltje  were  members  in  1717  of  the  Reformed  Dutch  Church 
of  New  Brunswick,  called  the  "Church  of  the  River  and  Lawrence  Brook." 
They  prob.  had  children. : 
L  THOMAS,  bap.  at  Somerville,  31  July,  1717.    In  1733,  Thomas  is  an  elder 
of  Readington  Reformed  Dutch  Church  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  NEELTJE,  [Cornelia]  bap.  23  July,  1749. 

II).  JAN,  [John]  bap.  22  Oct.,  1752  ;  prob.  married  Rebecca  and  had  at 
least  one  child,  Chbistena,  bap.  Readington,  17  Oct.,  1784. 
LL  CORNELIUS,  m.  Maritje  [Mary  Bonsevel];  had  ch.: 
(I).  NEELTJE,  bap.  Readington,  13  April,  1739. 
(LT).  REBECCA,  bap.  Readington,  29  Sept,  1748. 
(LTD.  MARIA,  bap.  Readington,  28  April,  1751. 
(IV).  CORNELIUS,  bap.  Readington,  11  March,  1753. 
(V).  THOMAS,  m.  Lena  Tufen  ;  had  ch.: 

1.  Cornelius,  bap.  Readington,  9  March,  1777. 

270  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

2.  John,  bap.  Readington,  13  Nov.,  1785. 
m.  PESTER,  m.  Margrietje  [Margaret];  had  ch. : 

(I).  DEBORA,  bap.  Readington,  8  March,  1740. 
IT  JORI8,  [George!  m.  Jannetje,  [Jane]  Scholl ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  ELSJE,  [Elsie],  bap.  Readington,  5  May,  1745. 
(II).  THOMAS,  perhaps  the  s.  of  Peter,  m.  Jannetje  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Catte,  [Catherine]  bap.  Readington,  4  May,  1777. 

2.  Ragel,  [Rachel]  bap.  Readington,  17  April,  1785. 
(HI).  JOHN,  perhaps  s.  of  Peter,  m.  Rebecca  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Christina,  bap.  Readington,  17  Oct.,  1784. 
(TV).  GEORGE,  m.  Elsa  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Jacob,  b.  19  Nov.,  1771  or  2. 

2.  Hakes,  [John]  b.  30  April,  1774. 

3.  Philip,  b.  7  Sept.,  1776. 

4.  Peter,  b.  10  Aug.,  1778. 

(V).  HENRY,  on  John  Peter  Nitzer's  ledger  at  German  Valley,  1763. 
Perhaps  had  ch. : 

1.  Cornelius,  b.  18  July,  1778,  d.  17  Oct.,  1836,  m.  Ahly  (Alevia  or 

Olivia),  b.  1776,  d.  1857,  at  81  ;  the  former,  buried  at  Chester, 
Morris  Co.,  the  latter  at  Spruce  Run  ;  had  ch.,  bap.  at  Lebanon  : 
(1).  Deborah,  b.  14  Aug.,  1802. 
(2).  Henbt,  b.  21  Dec.,  1804. 

2.  Jacob,  m.  Margaret ;  had  ch.,  bap.  at  German  Valley: 

(1).  Anna,  b.  26  Aug.,  1790. 
(VI).  PETER,  who  may  have  been  the  son  of  George  ;  he  had  at  least  the 
following  children  (order  uncertain) : 

1.  Susan,  m.  Peter  Winters. 

2.  Jane,  m.  Stephen  Swackhamer. 

3.  Betsey,  b.  1781 ,  d.  1864  at  about  83. 

4.  Anchi,  m.  a  Welsh  ;  res.  near  Easton. 

5.  John,  removed  to  Ohio. 

6.  Lambert  Bowman,  kept  tavern  at  G.  V.  and  Readington,  m.  first 

>  Cowl,  (or  Caul) ;  second,  Sophia  Neighbor,  (dau.  of  Leon- 
ard 2d  and  widow  of  Jacob  L.  Hager) ;  bought  20  Dec,  1803,  of 
Wm.  Neiser,  tavern  in  German  Valley;  had  three  children  by 
first  wife  and  five  by  the  second  : 

(1).  John,  m.  Betsey  Wandling;  res.  at  Brass  Castle,  Warren 
Co. ;  had  ch. : 
(a).  Adah,  m.  Jane  Boyd  ;  res.  at  Washington,  N.  J.;  had 
ch. :    Logan,  m.  a  Shultz  ;  Samuel ;  Mary,  unmarried. 
(b).  Elisabeth,  unmarried. 
(c).  Maroaret,  m.  Joseph  Thompson. 
(2).  Elisabeth,  m.  Daniel  Ulp,  who  rem.  to  New  York  State 
from  Washington,  N.  J. ;  had  ch. :    Sophia  Ulp,  m.  a  Bay- 
ler  ;  John  Ulp,  m.  a  Rockefellar ;  Jane  Ulp,  m.  Benjamin 
Creveling  ;  Elisabeth  Ulp.  m.  an  Albert. 
(3).  Susan,  m.  Philip  Henn,  s.  of  Philip,  who  m.  a  Groff  for  his 
second  wife  ;  res.  above  Washington,  N.  J. ;  had  2  daugh- 
ters, Sophia  Henn  and  Susan  Henn. 
(4).  Leonard  Neighbor,  (first  child  by  second  wife),  m.  Mar- 

Bowman  271 

garet  Rockefeller,  dau.  of  John  ;  res.  at  Pittetown,  N.  J. ; 
had  eh. : 
(a).  John,  unm  ;  a  millwright  ;  killed  in  the  late  war. 
(b).  Lambert,  m.  Nettie  Cool  and  had  2  daughters,  Dora,  m. 
and  res.  at  Flainfield ;  Margaret,  m.  a  Randolph  and 
res.  near   Flemington  ;  his  monument   in  Flemington 
cemetery  reads,    "Lambert    Boeman,    Major  in   15 
RegJt,  N.  J.  Vols.,  fell  in  the  battle  of  Cedar  Creek,  Ya., 
at  the  head  of  his  command,  as  acting  Colonel  of  the 
10th  N.  J.,  on  the  19th  of  Oct.,  1864.  in  his  32d  year. 
Erected  by  personal  friends  by  permission  of  the  family. " 
(c).  Ann,  m.  James  Switzer. 

id).  Elisabeth,  m.  a  Young  ;  res.  at  Doylestown,  Pa. 
le).  Mart,  m.  Moses  Stryker.  is.  of  Larry  of  Pittstown). 
if).  Jane.  m.  and  res.  at  Mi) ford, 
tg).  George,  m.  and  settled  near  Philadelphia. 
(5).  Jean.  b.  13  May,  1803,  m.  Joseph  Cougle,  s.  of  Joseph. 
{6).  Davtd  Welsh,  b.  18  March,  1S08,  m.  Mary  Siegler,  dau.  of 
Peter  ;  res.  at  G.  V.  and  Pattenberg  :  had  ch. : 
(a).  Sieglxr,  a  sea  captain  who  res.  at  Philadelphia, 
lb).  George,  rem.  to  Illinois,  married  and  has  a  family, 
(c) .  Jane,  m.  Jacob  Stiers  and  res.  near  Clinton. 
(7).  Peter,  m.  Naomi  Shipman  ;  res.  at  Washington  ;  had  ch. : 
Leonard  X.;  Mary,  m.  John  Pearter  ;  Sarah,  m.  Joseph 
(8).  Nicholas  Neighbor,  b.  6  Nov.,  1812,  d.  22  July,  1882,  m. 
Margaret   Ann   Lerch,    [dau.  of   Anthony,  of  Greenwich, 
Warren  Co.),  b.  30  June,  1813,  still  living  and  has  given 
all  the  information  herein  contained  of  Lambert  Bowman's 
family  ;  had  ch. : 
1a).  Elisabeth,  b.  1838,  m.  Chauncey  Dexter  ;  rem.  to  New 

York  State, 
(b).  Lambert,  b.  1840,  died  at  23. 
ic).  Christie  Osmun,  b.  1842,  unmarried,  died  at  28. 
(d).  Anna  Sophia,  b.  1847,  m.  John  Freeh,  and  had  Fred., 

Maud  and  Paul. 
(e).  Talmage,  b.  1848,  died  young. 

if).  Isaac  Luther,  b.  Nov.,  1850,  died  at  36  ;  unmarried. 
Ig).  Jennie  Luella,  b.  1854,  m.  Will.  Hackett,s.  of  William; 

have  a  son  Frank  Hackett. 
(h).  Theodore  R.,  b.  1858,  m.  Annie  Crammer,  dau.  of  David 
G. ;  res.  at  Annandale  :   has  three  children  living  out 
of  eight,  viz. :   Walter,  Luella  and  Stella. 
Miscellaneous — Pieter,  m.  in  N.  Y.  25  Nov.,  17:50,  Aaltje  Van  Pelt ;  Thomas, 
m.  in  N.  Y.  15  June,  1740.  Rebecca  Omand  :  Mary  Bowman,  wife  of  Nathan,  d. 
25  April,  1853,  at  59  years.  6  months  and  19  days  ;  buried  at  Chester,  Morris  Co. 

Records  of  Lebanon  Baptisms  :— Peter  and  Catharine  have  children:  (1). 
Thomas,  b.  29  May,  1795  ;  (2).  Altge,  b.  22  May,  1799 ;  (3).  John,  b.  19  May,  1801  ; 
(4).  Rachel,  b.  8  Nov.,  1803;  (5).  Elisabeth  Bryant,  b.  5  Aug.,  1806.  Peter  and 
Christina  have  eh. :     Thomas,  b.  29  May,  1795.     Thomas  and  Jean  have  eh.:     (1). 

272  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Nelly,  b.  22  April,  1798  ;  (2).  Sarah,  b.  27  Feb.,  1800  ;  (3).  Maria,  b.  20  May,  1787. 
John  and  Christina  have  ch. :  Anna,  b.  30  Nov.,  1799.  William  and  Elisabeth 
have  ch. :  Celinda,  b.  27  Jan.  1818.  NELLY,  m.  9  June,  1815,  Peter  H  of  man,  at 
New  Germantown. 


JOHN  BROWN,  who  d.  1690  in  Essex  Co.,  was  from  Milford,  Conn.,  and  was  the 

ancestor  of  a  large  number  of  families  in  New  Jersey. 
RICHARD,  b.  in  England,   d.   at  Southold,   L.  I.,   16  Oct.,   1655  ;  had  one  son, 
RICHARD  2d,  d.  1686-7  ;  1659  had  home  lot,  &c,  at  Southold  ;  1683,  Richard, 
Senior  and  Junior,  assessed  on  £386  ;  1686,  Lieut.  Richard  has  4  males  and  4 
females  in  family ;  1686-7  gives  deeds  to  sons,  William,  Jonathan,  2d  child,  and 
Walter,  the  4th. 
I.  RICHARD  3d,  m.  Dorothy  King,  8  May,  1683,  who  d.  Feb.,  1774  (?) ;  had 
children  : 

(I).  RICHARD,  JR.,  4th,  b.  1684,  d.  between  1765-71,  m.  Ann.  Youngs, 
1704-5,  b.  1683,  d  23  Nov.,  1748  at  65  ;  his  will,  15  Aug.,  1765,  prob. 
7  Sept.,  1771,  N.  Y.;  had  ch.:  Richard,  b.  about  1705;  Henry; 
Mehitable ;  Dorothy ;  Peter,  b.  1719,  d.  1747  at  28  ;  Christopher,  b. 
1714,  d.  1739  at  25  ;  Anna,  b.  1745,  d.  1753  at  8. 
(II).  SAMUEL,  m.  Mary;  dated  his  will  31  May,  1711,  at  20  ;  had  2  daus. 
OH).  DOROTHY,  m.  Jona  Young,  1708-9. 

(IV).  HENRY,  m.  Mary  Paine  (?| ;  will  14  Feb.,  1774,  prob.  30  April,  1781 ; 
had   ch. :    Henry ;    Peter ;   Richard  ;  Anna,  who  m.  a  Hallock  ; 
Nathan  Paine,  d.  1745,   at  40 :  .Anna,  d.  1743-4  at  17  ;  Mary,  d. 
1743-4  at  7,  and  a  daughter  who  m.  a  Paine. 
(V).  JOSEPH,  by  tradition  the  s.  of  Israel,  d.  1751,  m.  Dorothy  Tuthill,  s. 
of  John  ;  had  ch. :     Benjamin  ;  Hannah,  m.  Jos.  Youngs  ;  Mary, 
m.  a  King  ;  Selah ;  Jeremiah ;  Joshua ;  Dorothy,  m.  a  Brown. 
II.  JONATHAN,  d.  18  Sept.,  1704  ;  gave  ten  deeds  from  1686-1703,  m.  Eliza  ; 
hadch. :    Jonathan,  b.  1653,  d.  19  Aug.,  1710,  at  57  ;  Eliza,  Jr.,  m.  John 
Tuthill  and  d.  1750  ;  Hannah,  m.  Jonathan  Havens,   1  Jan.  1706-7  ; 
Rachel  ;  Daniel  (i)  prob.  had  son  Daniel,  Jr. 

III.  WILLIAM,  m.  Catherine,  who  d.  1739  ;  1686,  had  2  males  and  1  female  ; 

his  will  prob.  1732,  N.  Y.,  had  ch  :  William,  Jr.,  b.  8  Nov.,  1684  ;  John, 
d.  Nov.,  1705  ;  m.  Elisabeth  and  had  Asa,  Benjamin,  Zuviah;  Walter, 
m.  first,  Abigail,  who  d.  5  Oct.,  1721  ;  second,  Mary  Youngs,  1723-4,  who 
d.  14  April,  1735  ;  third,  Mehitable  Horton  in  1743  ;  Silvanus,  m.  Heziah 
Carter  in  1716-7  and  had  Jonathan,  who  d.  1748  at  25  ;  David,  m.  Elisa- 
beth and  his  (?)  will,  prob.  N.  Y.,  1756,  names  Peter,  Elisabeth,  (Bishop), 
Reuben,  Nathan,  David,  William,  Obadiah ;  Mary,  perhaps  m.  William 
Coleman,  1724  ;  and  after  1698,  Elijah  and  Thomas. 

IV.  WALTER,  m.  Jane  Mappon  and  had  dau.  Jane,  w.  Thos.  Moore  ;  perhaps 

had  three  children,  John,  David  and  Walter,  who  went  to  Roxbury, 
Morris  Co.,  N.  J.,  before  1742.     The  above   genealogy  of  the  Southold 
family  is  taken  largely  from  Moore's  Indexes  of  Southold,  and  while 
evidently  faulty  is  the  best  that  can  be  procured. 
(I).  JOHN,  overseer  of  highway,  Roxbury  twp.,  Morris  Co.,  N.  J.,  1745  ; 

letters  of  adm.  of  estate  of  John  of  Morris  Co.,  granted  to  Jacob 

Ford,  18  Nov.,  1755  ;  no  trace  of  descendants. 

Brown — Buchanan  273 

(H).  DAVTD,  will,  Roxbury,  17T7,  June  12,  prob.  June  16,  names  wife 
Sarah  and  three  sons  and  four  daughters  : 

1.  Stephen. 

2.  Peter,  will,  Roxbury,  1797,  May  6,  prob.  Sept.  27,  (Trenton,  Lab. 

37),  names  wife  Catharine  and  children  :  Aaron,  David  Hull, 
Peter,  Ltdia,,  Betsie  ;  the  last  four  not  yet  18. 

3.  David,  will  prob.  19  March,  1823;  res.  Chester  twp.,  Morris  Co., 

N.  J. ;  had  children,  A  a  ron,  m.  Betsy  King  ;  David  Jr.  ;  Arnold 
m.  Betsy  Topping  (dau.  William) ;  Catherine,  b.  20  April,  1780, 
d.  11  March,  1859,  m.  Col.  Benj.  McCurry  (s.  Malcolm  I) ;  Adah, 
m.  Wm.  Ming,  from  Phila. ;  Trustum  Hull  ;  Mahlon  ;  Lewis. 
who  had  two  sons,  Benjamin  McCoury,  m.  Mary  Williamson,  and 
Charles,  m.  Mary  Anson  ;  Robert  ;  Catherine,  m.  PhiL  Welsh  ; 
Ltd  la  B.,  m.  a  Lawrence. 

4.  Walter,  1750,  overseer  highway,  Roxbury  twp. ;  his  will,  prob. 

Knowlton,  Sussex  Co.,  N.  J.,  20  Dec.  1771,  names  wife  Joanna 
and  12  children  :  Caleb,  Walter,  Jeremiah,  Obadiah,  Samuel, 
yathan,  Danieljsrael,  Joanna,  Penelope,  Mehitable,  Experience. 

5.  Pain,  came  to  New  Jersey  from  Long  Island  after  his  marriage 

and  is  said  to  have  been  a  brother  i !)  of  David  ;  b.  1742,  d.  1  Dec. , 

1812,  at  70,  m.  Ann  Halsey,  sister  of  Zachariah  DeCamp's  wife, 

(met  at  Pain's  house  and  afterwards  married),  b.  1751,  d.  21  Nov., 

1822,  at  71 ;  had  ch. :    Hilah,  b.  1787,  d.  30  May,  1790,  at  3  ;  Elias, 

b.  1790,  d.  7  Jan.,  1794, at 4  ;  Henri/  Halsey;  Experience,  m.  Phil. 

Backer:  Anna,  m.  Geo.  Teeple  ;  Abigail,  b.  1777,  d.  16  March.  1824, 

at  47;  Mary ;  Clarissa ;  Mehitable,  b.  1799.  d.  10  April,  1829,  at  30. 

Miscellaneous— William,  whose  will  (Lib.  4  of  deeds),  1702,  Dec.  10,  names 

sons-in-law  Isaac  and  Joseph  Ogden  ;  Arthur  admin,  of  est.  of  his  father  John,  1 

Jan.,  1719.     Arthur,  whose  will,  1757,  March  13.  prob.  April  27,  names  ch. :  Jane. 

Mary,  Isabel  and  "babes."     Hewdrick,  whose  will  "Second  River."  Somerset  Co.. 

4  Jan.,  1745,  prob.  1  April,  1757,  names  wife  Margaret  and  ch.:     Hendnck.  John, 

Elisabeth,  Cadmus,  Las.  Manderfield,  Saiche  Kerstead.  Sanko  Woutess,  Alcho  Sipp. 

granddaughter.   Margaret  King,   and  grandson.  Jacobus,  prob.  son  of  Hendnck. 

John,  whose  will,  Middletown,  Middlesex  Co.,  1771,  Sept.  17,  prob.  Oct.   14.  names 

wife  Jemima  and  ch. :     William,  Ephraim,  Jemima,  Mehitable,   Desire.  Hannah, 

Daniel,  Mary.     Samuel,  of  Bernards  twp.,  Somerset  Co.,  whose  will,  1763.  June  17. 

prob.  22  Dec.,  names  wife  Mary  and  brothers  Isaac,  Aaron,  Benoni,  James  and  half 

brother,  Henry  Hains  and  half  sister,  Rebecca  Hains.     James,  whose  will,  Twix- 

berry  (Tewksberry,  Hunterdon  Co.),  2  May,  1760,  prob.  25  May,  1764,  names  wife 

Margaret  and  ch. :    James,  Robert,   Joseph,   Solomon  :  witnesses  Sam.  Barkley, 

John  Todd  and  David  Carlisle.     James,  whose  will,  Knowlton,  8  April,  1775,  prob. 

16  Oct.,  1793,  names  wife  Sarah  and  ch. :    John  ;  James;  Martha,  wife  of  Henry 

Brugler  ;  Sarah,  wife  of  Ralph  Brugler  ;  Charity  :  Daniel. 


ELIAS  BUCHANAN,  probably  the  one  whose  name  appears  on  Flemington 
records  of  1754.  First  came  from  Scotland  and  settled  near  Changewater, 
Warren  Co. ;  had  ch. : 

I.  WILLIAM,  m.  Rebecca  Cormick.  of  German  or  Holland  descent ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  JAMES,  m.  Charlotte  Hoffman,  dau.  of  Fred,  and  Mamie  Hotrum  ; 

274  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

had  ch. 

1.  Elias.  m.  Mariah  E.  Sutton.  (Naughright) . 

2.  Caroline,  m.  Peter  Teete,  b.  Peter  R.,  (Fainnount). 
S.  Elisabeth,  m.  Samuel  Trimmer,  (Harlem). 

4.  ANNIE,  m.  John  Apgar,  (Newark). 

5.  Jab.  Lance,  m.  Sarah  Ellen  Dig,  dau.  Alpheus  and  Mary  E.  Phil- 

bower,  (Stanhope). 

6.  Amanda,  m.  Robert  S.  Cox,  (Peapack). 

7.  William,  m.  Amm  Hoffman. 

(LT.)  WILLIAM,  m.  Ann  Sharp,  dau.  Morris. 
(HI).  ELIAS,  went  West. 
(IV).  PHILIP,  went  West. 

(V).  RALPH,  went  to  sea  on  a  "  whaler." 
(VI).  MART,  died  young. 


Buddb  of  Long  Island. 
JOHN  and  JOSEPH  BUDD,  sons  of  one  Thomas  Budd,  or  John  Budd,  came  to 

New  Haven  about  the  year  1632.  Joseph  was  born  about  1620. 
JOHN  BTJDD,  d.  1670,  m.  Kathleen  Brown  ;  removed  from  New  Haven  to  South- 
old,  L.  I.,  thence  to  Rye,  Westchester  Co.,  N.  T.,  in  1661 ;  in  1663  was  deputy 
from  Rye  to  General  Court  of  Conn. ;  bo't  in  1661,  Nov.  8,  Apawquamus,  or 
Budd's  Neck,  of  an  Indian  named  Shamarocke.  Hi  a  will,  1669,  Oct.  13,  men- 
tions only  John,  Joseph  and  Judith  Brown  ;  had  ch. : 

I.  JOHN,  b.  in  England,  1620,  d.  1684,  Nov.  5.  m.  Mary ;  will  prob.  1684, 

Nov.  12  ;  hadch.: 

(I).  JOHN,  d.  1754,  Feb.  21 ;  lived  at  Southold.    His  will  names  : 

1.  John. 

2.  Benjamin. 

3.  Asa. 

4.  William. 

5.  Hannah  Moore. 

6.  Mehitabli:  Tuttle. 

7.  Anne  Hosmer. 

8.  Rhoda  Youngs. 

9.  Mart  Dimond. 
10.  Jemima  Reed. 

(II).  JOSEPH,  lived  in  Westchester. 
(III).  MARY,  m.  Christopher  Youngs. 
(IV).  HANNAH,  m.  Jonathan  Hart ;  lived  in  Westchester. 

(V).  ANN,  m.  Benj.  Horton. 
(VI).  SARAH,  m.  Benj.  Conkling. 
II.  JUDITH,  m.  (1)  John  Ogden  ;  (2)  Francis  Brown. 

III.  ANNE,  m.  Benj.  Horton,  s.  of  Barnabas. 

IV.  JANE,  m.  Joseph  Horton,  s.  of  Barnabas. 

V.  JOSEPH,  d.  1722,  m.  Sarah  or  Mary  Horton,  dau.  Barnabas  ;  in  1720  ob- 
tained patent  for  tract  known  as  Budd's  Neck  ;  will  dated  May  22,  and 
prob.  June  28,  1722  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  JOHN,  m.  Mary  L'  Estrange,  dau.    of   Daniel  ;  came  to  Chester 

BUDD  275 

about  1740  ;  had  ch. : 
1.  Daniel,  b.  1722,  July  22,  d.  1806,  Dec.  24,  m.  Mary  Purdy,  b.  1728, 
d.  1801,  Aug.  5  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  John,  b.  1762,  April  5,  m.  Julianor  Dickerson,  dau.  of  Abra- 
ham, b.  1761,  Nov.  22  ;  had  ch. : 
(a).  Hannah,  b.  1778,  Jan.  30,  m.  Ralph  Hunt,  s.  of  Ralph, 

(b).  Abigail,  b.  1786,  March  26,  m.  John  Kinnan. 
(c).  Abb.  Dickerson,  b.  1790,  Feb.  10,  m.  Margaret  F.  Goble. 
(d).  Daniel  Pttrdy,  b.  1792,  April  22. 
(e).  Elisabeth,  b.  1794,  Sept.  2,  m.  Joshua  Coleman. 
(f).  John,  b.  1796,  Oct.  11,  m.  Sarah  Drake, 
(g).  Julianor,  b.  1799,  Feb.  26,  m.  Richard  Salmon. 
(h).  Mahlon,  b.  1802,  Feb.  29,  m.  Effle  Fancher. 
(2).  William,  went  to  Western  Pennsylvania. 
(3).  Elisabeth,  m.  John  Stark,  Hardening,  N.  Y. 
(4).  Joseph,  b.  1775,  July  15,  d.  1827,  June  18,  m.  Joanna  Swayze, 
dau.  of  Isaac  and  Bethia  Lance,  b.  1775,  April  20,  d.  1846, 
March  4  ;  had  ch. : 
(a).  Gilbert,  b.  1798,  May  6,  m.  (1)  Mary  Alpock,  dau.  of 
John,  and  (2)  Melinda  Lewis,  dau.  of  David  ;  had  eight 
children  :    Joseph,  b.  1822,  Oct.  11,  and  m.  Catherine 
Carlisle  ;  John,  b.  1824,  Nov.  3  ;  David,  b.  1827,  Aug. 
9  ;  William,  b.  1830,  Sept.  25  ;  Isaac,  b.  1833,  Jan.  21  ; 
Mary  Ann,  b.  1836.  May  3  ;  Gilbert,  b.  1839,  Aug.  3  ; 
Isabella,  b.  1841,  Dec.  1. 
(b).  Isabella,  m.  John  R.  Swayze. 
(c).  Isaac,  b.  1800.  d.  1850,  June  5,  m.  Katie  Hopkins. 
(d).  Daniel,  m.  Mary  Hunt,  dau.  of  John,  b.  1818,  Aug.  22. 
(5).  Daniel,  (Chester). 

(6).  Hannah,  m. Swayze. 

(7).  Mary,  m. Hull. 

(8).  Dorothy,  m.  Gilbert  Young,  (went  West). 

2.  Elijah,  m.  Ursula  Sine. 

3.  Hannah,  m.  Hacheliah  Purdy. 

4.  Mary,  m.  Caleb  Horton. 

5.  Joseph,  m.  a  Budd  and  had  Shabad,  John  and  Mary. 

6.  John,  went  to  Kentucky. 

7.  Dnderhill,  unmarried. 

8.  Sallie,  m.  Thomas  Sawyer. 

9.  Gilbert,  M.  D.,  surgeon  30  years  in  British  Army. 
10.  Abigail. 

(IB.  JOSEPH,  wiB  dated  1761,  Sept.  18  ;  prob.  1763,  May  2  ;  m.  Anne  , 
had  ch. : 

1.  Joseph. 

2.  Nicholas. 

3.  Underhill. 

4.  Ann. 

5.  Sarah,  ra.  John  Rue,  of  Dutchess  Co. 

(ILT).  ELISHA,  will  dated  1765,  Sept.  11  ;  prob.  1766,  July  2,  m.  Ann  Lyon; 

276  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

had  ch. : 

1.  Jonathan. 

2.  James. 

3.  Mariant 

4.  Sarah,  m.  Hezekiah  Purdy . 

5.  Ann  Bbown. 

C.  Phebe  Tttfatt. 
(IV).  UNDERHILL,  b.  1705,  d.  1765,  m.  Sarah  Fowler  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Tamar. 

2.  Gilbert. 
8.  Mary. 

4.  Sarah,  m.  Andrew  Lyon. 

Budds  of  Burlington. 
THOMAS  BDDD,  Rector  Martosh  Parish,  Somersetshire,  England,  became  a  min- 
ister among  Friends  about  1657.     (From  a  pamphlet  by  Maj.  Enos  G.  Budd, 
re-arranged  and  supplemented) .    He  had  children  : 
I.  THOMAS,  arrived  Burlington,  1668,  and  again  with  his  family  in  1678  ; 
removed  to  Philadelphia,  1690,  d.  1697  ;  will  prob.  1697,  Sept.  9,  m.  Su- 
sanna ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  JOHN,  will  made  when  he  was  "very  old,"  dated  1749,  March  20  ; 
prob.  1749,  Sept.  6  ;  will  mentions  wile,  Sarah,  and  sons  Barne  and 
Thomas,  and  speaks  of  land,  e.  g.,  700 acres  "  Pine  Hannock  on  west 
side  Whippanong  river ;"  also  ' '  present  farm  both  sides  Black  brook 
and  all  my  lands  in  Long  Valley  ;  land  held  under  our  brother 
John  Cosens."  William  Budd  was  one  of  witnesses  to  the  will.  His 
widow,  Sarah,  then  the  wife  of  John  Scott,  of  Hanover,  made  her 
will  1756,  July  8  ;  prob.  1780,  July  26  ;  gave  to  "  all  my  children  ;" 
had  ch. . 

1.  John,  to  Charleston,  S.  C,  before  Revolution. 

2.  Thomas,  unmarried,  (blown  up  in  a  war  vessel) . 

3.  William,  went  to  England. 

4.  Barne,  had  ch. : 

(1).  John  C,  M.  D.,  m.  (1)  Mary  Lum.  dan.  Moses:  (2)  widow 
Betsey  Cobert  ;  closed  up  law  suits  over  leased  lands  in 
Hunterdon  and  Morris  counties  ;  had  ch  : 
(a).  Berne  W.,M.  D.,  m.  Catherine  Reynolds,  dau.  of  David; 

had  4  ch. :    Elisabeth,  m.  Thos.  Gallaudet  ;  David  R. ; 

Berne  R.;  Charles  A. 
(b).  John  S..  m.  Charlotte  Ward,  dau.  of  Aaron  M. ;  had  ten 

ch. :    John  C,  m.  Bridget  Warren  ;  Thomas  D.;  Nancy 

A.;  Sylvester  I.;  Stephen;   Caroline  E.;  Ellen  Day; 

Ludlow  Day ;  George  S  ;  Mary  E. 
(c).  Vincent  B.,  m.  (1)  Nancy  Ward,  and  (2)  Jane  Hancock, 

dau.  of  Rev.  John  ;  had  four  ch.:    By  1st  wife,  Thomas 

Bond ;  Melissa  Ward  ;  by  2d  wife,  Jane  Hancock  ; 

Benjamin  Ward. 
(d).  Joanna  Vaste,  m.  (1)  Parrott  Reynolds,  s.  of  William  ; 

(2)  Noble  Barry. 
(e).  Caroline. 
(f).  Mart,  m.  John  Meeker,  s.  of  Daniel. 


(g).  Phkbk.  m.  (1)  Edwin  Tryon  ;  (2) 

(h).  Susan  Amanda,  m.  Ambro  Bruen,  s.  of  Carter. 

(i).  Jane  C,  m.  Israel  Dickerson,  s.  of  Brainerd. 

(j).  Eliza,  m.  Stewart  Marsh,  s.  of  John  T. 

Ik),  Sarah,  in.  George  Servin. 
(2).  William. 
(3).  David. 
(4).  Sarah. 

5.  Susan,  m. Stewart,  (StewartsvUle,  N.  J.) 

6.  Catherine. 
(H).  THOMAS. 

(III).  MARY. 
(IV).  ROSE. 
II.  WILLIAM,  b.  1649,  d.  1722  at  73  ;  Judge,  Burlington  Co.;  had  eh.: 
(D.  WILLIAM,  d.  1723  ;  hadch.: 
1.  William,  had  son  : 

(1).  David,  (3dsonl;  had  a  son  Daniel,  b.  1751,  Jan.  5,  d.  1S15, 
March  12;  (Schoharie,  X.  Y.) 
(II).  THOMAS,  b.  1686,  d.  1742,  m.  Rebecca  Langstaff  ;  had  ch.: 

1.  John. 

2.  Thomas,  b.  1710,  d.  1752  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  Stacy,  M.  D.,  d.  1804,  m.  1762,  Sarah  Monroe  ;  had  one  son 

Dr.  Benj.  Stacy  Budd,  and  a  grandson  of  same  name. 
(2).  Joseph. 
(3).  Elisabeth. 
(4).  Rachel,  m.  William  Bradford. 

3.  Ann. 

4.  Elisabeth. 

5.  Rachel. 

6.  James. 

7.  George. 

8.  Levi. 

9.  Sarah. 
(III).  JOHN. 
(IV).  JAMES. 

(VI).  ANN. 

III.  JOHN,  d.  before  1738  ;  removed  to  Philadelphia,  Pa. ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  SAMUEL. 
(ID.  JOHN. 

IV.  JAMES,   unmarried    (Burlington) ;    member    Colonial    Assembly,    1668 ; 

drowned  1692. 


GERRIT  [Garret]  is  the  first  of  the  name  that  can  be  found  ;  witness  to  baptism 
(SomervUle  records),  1  Aug.,  1704  ;  prob.  had  ch. : 
I.  ROBERT  Bolmer  ;  will  dated  Bridge  water  twp.,  Somerset  Co.,  30  Dec., 
1754,  prob.  4  March,  1755,  names  all  children  but  Gerrit  and  Elisabeth, 

278  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

who  appear  on  records  of  Somerville  ch. ;  his  w.  Mary's  will,  30  May,  1766, 
prob.  5  Oct.,  1771 ;  children  of  Robertand  Maria  [Mary  Rossina  T]  Spoon- 
heimer  are  as  follows : 
(I).  ANTTEN,  [Ann]  bap.  26  Oct.,  1715. 
(II).  JOHANNES,  [John]  bap.  3  April,  1717. 
(111).  ROSSLNA,  bap.  3  Oct.,  1719. 
(IV).  GERRIT,  bap.  19  Nov.,  1721. 
(V).  ALBERTUS,  bap.  25  March,  1724. 
(VI).  MAREITJE,  [Mary]  bap.  29  May,  1726. 
(VXD.  LENA,  [Magdalena]. 
"7HI).  LISABET,  [Elisabeth]. 

(X).  JANNITJE,  [Jane]  bap.  20  April,  1735,  dau.  of  Robert  and  Rossina. 
prob.  same  as  Robert  and  Mary. 
(XI).  ROBERT,  bap.  8  May,  1737  ;  prob.  m.  Sery,  Sella  or  Saerte  [Sarah] 
and  had  ch. :   Maryte,  [Mary]  bap.  12  April ;  Pelye,  [  ]  bap. 

5  June,  1767,  ;  Madlena,  [Magdalena],  bap.  16  Sept.,  1768. 
(XH).  WILLEMTJE,  (feminine  form  of  William),  bap.  7  May,  1749.  dau.  of 
Robert  and  Rossina,  (prob.  same  as  Robert  and  Mary,  the  latter 
having  two  given  names). 
OLLTVER,  the  father  of  Mr.  Buhner  now  res.  in  Middle  Valley,  lived  in  Hunter- 
don Co. .  and  had  ch. : 
I.  JOHN,  m.  Eva  Teats  (dau.  Jacob) . 
H.  PETER,  m.  Phebe  Seals. 
III.  JOHN,  m.  Jane  Swackhamer  (dau.  Jacob). 
V.  JOHN. 


JOHN  BUNN  came  from  Germany ;  in  Tewksbury  twp.  book  April,  1757  ;  owned 
land  near  Pottersville  ;  had  children  : 
I.^CUNRAD,  b.  1738,  d.  1822,  Dec.  17,  m.  Mary  Walden,  b.  1738,  d.  1826,  Feb. 
8  ;  had  children  (order  uncertain) : 
(I).  JOHN. 
(II).  FREDERIC,  m.  1793,  Dec.  22,  Margaret  Schneider  ;  had  ch.: 

1.  Morris. 

2.  Conrad. 

3.  William. 

4.  Mary. 

5.  Elisabeth. 

(HI).  MARY  CATHERINE,  b.  1762,  Jan.  10,  m.  1783,  Jan.  9,  Jacob  Miller, 

b.  1759,  Feb.  9,  d.  1821,  May  12. 
(IV).  MARTIN,  b.   1765,  March  24,  d.  1853,  May  24,  m.  Esther  (Hester) 
Crater,  dau.  Morris  H,  b.  1767,  d.  1854,  Dec.  25  ;  removed  to  Bed- 
minster,  then  to  the  West  after  Revolution  ;  had  ch. : 
1.  Cunrad,  b.  1788,  Jan.  12,  d,  1866,  June  27,  m.  1809,  Dec.  28,  Mary 
Young,  b.  1790,  d.  1862,  April  1. 



2.5MORBI8,  b.  1790,  June  21,  m.  Sophia  Young,  b.  1794,  July  6,  d.  1859 

3.  Elisabeth,  b.  1792,  Dec.  8,  d.  1875,  Oct.  16. 

4.  William. 

5.  ATary 

6.  Mabgabetta,  b.  1797,  Aug.  27. 

7.  Catherine,  b.  1800,  Jan.  2. 

(VI).  JACOB,  b.  1766,  m.  Elisabeth  Cooper,  (3.  Samuel),  b.  1785;  hadch.: 

1.  Samuel,  m. Dota  ;  rem.  Canistear.  Steuben  Co.,  N.  Y. ;  has 

children :  Seward,  Dota,  Eliza,  Amelia,  Emma,  Elisabeth. 

2.  Mabttn,  unmarried. 

3.  Nathan. 

4.  Abraham. 

5.  Geoboe  Washington,  m.  Catherine  M.  Eick. 

6.  Emaline. 

7.  Mart  E.,  b.  1812,  May  28,  m.  1836,  Morris  C.  Bunn,  5.  Lawrence 

II  ;  removed,  1851,  to  Wyoming,  Pa. 
(VU).  GEORGE,  b.  1767;  confirmed  1785  at  18,  m.  1795,  July  11,  Elisabeth 
(Vm).  GERTRUDE,  (Charity),  b.   1769;  confirmed  1785  at  16,  m.  John 
Kara,  s.  Christopher. 
GERRIT  (Garret),  m.  Mary,  will  dated,  1750,  Somerset  Co.,  names  sons,  Edwabd 
and  Lawrence  : 
II.  LAWRENCE,  bap.  10  March,  1740,  (Readington  records) ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  ANTHONY,  b.  1777,  Feb.  1,  d.   1867,  Jan.  9,  m.  1815,  Sarah  Hilde- 

brant,  b,  1791,  d.  1862,  May  18. 
(HI).  JOHN. 
(IV).  DAVID. 
(V).  LAWRENCE  hadch.: 

1.  Morris  C,  m.  Mary  E.  Bunn,  dau.  Jacob. 

(1).  George,  has  ch. :   Madge,  Warren.  Nellie. 
(2).  Minerva. 
(3).  Mercy. 

2.  Anthony. 

3.  Geoboe. 

4.  Mary. 

5.  Harbison. 

6.  Dennis. 

7.  Wilson. 

8.  Philip. 

(IX).  TEEN,  (Treen  !). 
(X).  a  danghter,  wife  of  Stephen  Deen. 
MATTHEW  BUNN,  of  Woodbridge,   N.  J.,  rec.  patent  for  land,  1670  ;  was  the 
father  of  Matthew,  Nathaniel,  Peter  and  probably  Miles,  who  leased  part  of 
"Society  Lands,''  Hunterdon  Co.,  in  1735  : 

280  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

I.  MATTHEW,  m.  Sarah  ;  gave  deed  June,  1695,  to  his  brothers  Nathaniel 

and  Peter  for  land  at  Woodbridge. 

IV.  MILES,  m.  Mary  and  had  children  (records  of  Woodbridge) : 
(I).  ET7NIS,  b.  20  Nov.,  1703. 
01).  MARY,  b.  17  Nov.,  1705. 
OH).  SARAH,  b.  4  June,  1709. 
(IV).  RHODA,  b.  4  Aug.,  1712. 
(V).  MILES,  b.  25  Nov.,  1713  ;  on  "  Society  Lands,"  Hunt.  Co.,  N.  J.,  1735. 
(VI).  NATHANIEL,  b.  13  Feb.,  1715. 
(VII).  WILLIAM,  b.  14  June,  1721. 
This  family  is  prob.  not  of  the   German  race  and  therefore  has  no  relation  to 
the  family  of  Tewksbury  twp.,  Hunterdon  Co.    It  may  be   that  the  former  is 
descended  from  the  Waldensian  Francois  Bonk,  who  came  to  this  country  about 
1657.    If  this  is  so  then  Matthew,  of  Woodbridge,  was  prob.  s.  of  Christian  and 
grandson  of  Francois  and  was  bap.  in  New  York,  4  April,  1659. 


JOHANNES  (John)  Bosenberger  (Busenberry),  came  from  the  village  of  Sehlen, 
jurisdiction  of  Rosenkal,  county  of  Braunfels,  Germany,  and  was  a  woolen 
and  linen  weaver  and  the  son  of  Johanna  Bosenberger  and  his  wife,  Maria  ; 
bought  186  acres  of  John  Reading  in  Amwell,  11  Feb.,  1748,  by  side  of  Alia- 
shocking  brook  along  John  Mullen,  Gideon  Rousereand  Peter  Dirdorf  (Trenton 
G.  G.,  163) ;  Dr.  Race  has  the  certificate  of  birth  of  Johannes  Bosenberger,  the 
date  of  which  is  unfortunately  torn  off  ;  his  will  dated  Amwell,  5  Oct.,  1773, 
prob.  30  March,  1782,  names  children, 

III.  CHERETRAAIT,  (Gertraut  or  Gertrude)  wife  of  Jacob  Race,  the  ancestor 

of  the  historian  Henry  Race,  M.  D.,  of  Pittstown,  Hunterdon  Co.,  N.  J. 

IV.  ELISABETH,  wife  of  Charles  Everfelt,  "and  her  three  children  by  her 

first  husband." 


THOMAS  CARHART,  s.  of  Anthony  of  Cornwall,  England,  b.  about  1650,  d.  1696, 
m.  Nov.,  1691,  Mary  Lord,  (dau.  of  Robert  Lord  and  Rebecca  Philips),  b.  in 
Cambridge,  Mass.,  13  July,  1668,  m.  for  second  husband,  about  1698,  Thomas 
Warne.  Thomas  came  to  New  Amsterdam,  25  Aug.,  1683,  holding  the  appoints 
ment  of  private  secretary  to  Col.  Thomas  Dorgan,  the  English  governor  of  the 
colonies.  (Carhart  Genealogy  by  Mary  E.  Dusenberry,  N.  Y.,  1880).  Will  of 
Thomas,  16  March,  1695,  prob.  6  April,  1696.  He  res.  on  Staten  Island  until 
1695.  when  he  removed  to  Woodbridge,  N.  J. ;  had  ch. :  JOHN,  b.  1692,  m.  23 
Oct.,  1716,  Annie  ;  removed  before  1717  from  Woodbridge,  N.  J.,  to  Rye,  N. 
Y.;  ROBERT,  b.  1693,  d.  12  Feb.,  1745,  m.  1725,  a  German  lady;  res.  Mattea- 
wan.  Monmouth  Co..  N.  J.;  WILLIAM,  b.  about  1695  on  Staten  Island,  in 
Monmouth  Co.  after  1698  ;  bought  90  acres  at  Perth  Amboy  in  1723. 

ROBERT,  the  second  son  of  Thomas,  the  emigrant,  had  ch. :  Mary,  b.  24  July, 
1726  ;  Annie,  b.  10  Aug.,  1737  ;  Cornelius,  b.  6  Sept.,  1729  ;  Lydia,  b.  80  Aug., 
1732  ;  Samuel,  b.  22  June,  1737. 

Carhart  28r 

CORNELIUS,  son  of  Robert,  b.  6  8ept.,  1729,  d.  3  June,  1810,  m.  1754,  Willimpia 
Coleman  ;  removed  to  Sussex  (now  Warren)  Co.  in  1753,  and  owned  the  land 
upon  which  the  present  town  of  Washington,  N.  J.,  is  situated  ;  was  Capt.  of 
the  3rd  Regiment  of  Hunterdon  Co.,  in  1778,  and  3rd  Major  in  the  Continental 
Army  in  1781 ;  had  ch. : 
I.  MART,  b.  Jan.,  1756.  m.  Robert  McShane  ;  res.  at  Perryville. 
n.  SARAH,  b.  Feb.,  1758,  m.  John  Dusenberry;  res.  in  Sussex  Co. 
ID.  ROBERT,  b.  17  Aug.,  1760,  d.  1  May,  1834  ;  private  soldier  in  Rev.  War  ; 
res.  at  Hampton,  N.  J. ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  CHARLES,  b.  15  Oct.,  1791,  d.  11  July,  1868,  m.  Rebecca  Allshouse  ; 
res.  at  Harmony,  N.  J. ;  had  ch. : 

1.  John,  b.  1818,  m.  Elisabeth  Metz. 

2.  Elisabeth,  b.  1820,  m.  Anthony  Oberly. 

3.  Jacob,  b.  1823,  unmarried. 

4.  Thomas  F.,  b.  1828,  m.  Louisa  Castera. 

5.  Ltdia,  b.  11  April,  1831,  m.  Levi  Raub. 

6.  Caroline,  b.  1833,  d.  1836. 

7.  Susanna,  b.  23  May,  1837,  m.  Jacob  Kline. 

(H).  SAMUEL,  b.  31  March,  1802,  d.  1869  in  Philadelphia,  m.  Mary  Mond ; 
res.  at  Philadelphia  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Samuel,  b.  1828. 

2.  Mart  E.,  b.  1830. 

3.  John,  b.  1833,  d.  1835. 

4.  John,  b.  1836,  d.  1842. 

5.  William,  b.  1840,  d.  1840. 

6.  Henrietta,  b.  1834,  m.  Theodore  Carhart  (a  cousin). 

(LID.  WILLIAM  P.,  b.  1799,  d.  12  July,  1863  ;  res.  New  Hampton  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  William,  b.  1816  ;  res.  at  Phillipsburg,  N.  J. 

2.  Theodore,  b.  31  Jan.,  1819,  m.  Rachel  Albright ;  res.  at  Belvidere, 

New  Jersey. 

3.  Samuel,  b.  23  Oct.,  1*32,  m.  Sarah  Voorhees  ;  res.  at  Phillipsburg, 

New  Jersey. 
(IV).  MART,  m.  a  Sigman. 
(V).  LTDIA,  m.  a  Philips,  of  Port  Murray. 
IV.  CHARLES,  b.  3  Jan.,  1783,  d.  in  Virginia,  m.  Mary  E.  Dunham,   (dau.  of 
Jacob)  who  m.  for  her  second  husband,  her  cousin,  Jas.  Dunham ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  JOHN,  b.  15  Oct.,  1786,  d.  21  March,  1872,  m.  Mary  Beavers,  (grand- 
daughter of  Col.  Joseph),  b.  22  May,  1789  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  George  B.,  b.  1812  ;  res.  at  Brooklyn,  N.  T. 

2.  Charles,  b.  1813,  m.  Matilda  Stiger,   (dau.  of  Adam);  res.   at 

Perryville,  N.  J. 

3.  James  D.,  b.  1815  ;  wholesale  grocer  in  Brooklyn,  N.  T. 

4.  Martha  B.,  b.  1818,  m.  J.  S.  Kels  ;  res.  at  Perryville,  N.  J. 

5.  William  B.,  b.  1820,  unmarried  ;  res.  at  Brooklyn,  N.  T. ;  whole- 

sale grocer. 

6.  Whitfield  D.,  b.  1825,  m.  Mary  E.  Rockafeller  ;  res.  at  Clinton, 

New  Jersey. 

7.  Elijah  H.,  b.  1827,  unmarried  ;  res.  at  Macon,  Georgia. 

8.  Mart  E.,  b.  1829,  m.  Dr.  Sylvester  Van  Sickle  ;  res.  at  Clinton, 

New  Jersey. 

282  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(II).  DANIEL,  b.  11  June,  1788,  d.  8  Dec.,  1879,  m.  Elisabeth  Bonnel  (dau. 
of  Clement) ;  res.  at  Clinton,  N.  J. ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Charles,  b.  1814  ;  res.  at  Anandale. 

2.  Mart,  b.  1816. 

3.  Abraham,  b.  1818,  unmarried. 

4.  William,  b.  1821,  unmarried  ;  res.  at  Clinton,  N.  J. 

5.  Asa,  b.  1822  ;  res.  at  Clarksville. 

6.  John,  b.  1825,  m.  Amanda  Larason  ;  res.  at  Clinton,  N.  J. 

7.  Samuel,  b.  1827  ;  res.  at  Elwood,  N.  J. 

V.  CORNELIUS,  b.  5  Oct.,  1765,  d.  6  Dec.,  1818,  m.  Sarah  Dunham,  (dau.  of 
Jacob) ;  res.  at  Perryville  ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  CHARLES,  b.  16  Nov.,  1786,  d.  4  June,  1863,  m.  Christina  Bird  Car- 
hart  ;  res.  at  Perryville,  N.  J. ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Elisabeth,  b.  1826,  m.  William  F.  Hoffman. 

2.  Joseph  B.,  b.  1829. 

3.  C.  Whitfield,  b.  1832. 

4.  Mart  V.,  b.  1833. 

5.  Samuel,  b.  1835  ;  res.  at  Ocean  Beach,  N.  J. 

6.  Christina,  b.  1837,  m.  William  Dunham  ;  res.  at  Clinton,  N.  J. 

7.  Daniel,  b.  1839,  m.  Josephine  Story;  Professor  of  Mathematics  ; 

res.  in  Virginia. 
(II).  ELISABETH,  b  3  March,  1789,  d.  25  Jan.,  1847,  m.  John  Eckel. 
(III).  MARY,  b.  30  April,  1790,  d.  Oct.,  1836,  m.  Daniel  Van  Syckel. 
(TV).  LTDIA,  b.  18  Jan.,  1793,  m.  John  Van  Buskirk. 
(V).  SARAH,  b.  18  Dec.,  1794,  d.  March,  1833,  m.  first,  Philip  Runkle  ; 
second,  Daniel  Van  Syckle. 
(VI).  DANIEL,  b.  6  March,  1797,  d.  29  Sept.,  1819,  m.  Christina  Bird;  res. 

at  Perryville  ;  had  ch. :  Cornelius. 
(VII) .  SAMUEL,  b.  10  May,  1799,  m.  first,  L&vinia  Larason  ;  second,  Fanny 
Britton  ;  res.  at  Lambertville,  N.  J.,  and  Cecil  Co.,  Md. ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Lavtnia,  b.  1826. 

2.  Helen  M.,  b.  1831. 

3.  Larrison  B.,  b.  1832. 

4.  Josephine,  b.  1840. 

(VHD.  RACHEL,  b.  15  Oct.,  1801,  m.  Moses  Craig,  of  Peapack. 
(IX).  JOHN,  b.  6  March,  1804,  m.  Kesiah  Larason  ;  res.  at  Clinton,  N.  J. ; 
ha."  ch. : 

1.  James  L.,  b.  5  July,  1830. 

2.  Dewttt  C,  b.  19  July,  1834. 

3.  Elwood,  b.  20  Dec.,  1836. 

4.  Sarah,  b.  9  Feb.,  1839. 

5.  'Albert,  b.  10  Sept.,  1841. 

6.  K^.te  L.,  b.  18  Nov.,  1843. 

7.  Fannt  A.,  b.  9  April,  1845. 
b.  John  C,  b.  23  Feb.,  1849. 

9.  Austin  C,  b.  3  April,  1853. 
(X).  NEHEMIAH,  b.  24  Aug.,  1806,  m.  Sarah  Patty  ;  res.  at  Auburn,  N. 
T.;  had  ch.: 

1.  Samuel  N.,  b.  1835. 

2.  Sarah  A.,  b.  1837. 

Carhart — Carlisle  283 

3.  John  P  ,  b.  1845. 

4.  Henrt  E.,  b.  17  Oct.,  1851. 

5.  Francis  L.,  b.  7  Oct.,  1854. 
(XI).  CATHARINE,  b.  15  April,  1809. 

VI.  LTDIA,  b.  28  Oct.,  1769,  m.  James  Bowlby  :  removed  to  Virginia. 
VTI.  WTLLTMPIA,  b.  15  April,  1771,  m.  Benjamin  Lacy  ;  res.  at  Washington, 

Warren  Co.,  N.  J. 
VIII.  PHEBE,  b.  Feb.,  1774,  m.  John  Coleman  ;  res.  in  Sussex  Co. 

IX  SAMUEL,  b.  28  Jan.,  1777,  d.  24  April,  1852,  m.  first,  Annie  :  second, ; 

res.  at  Washington,  Warren  Co.,  N.  J. ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Cornelius,  b.  1804,  m.  Margaret  Lomson  [Lomerson  T\. 

2.  William,  b.  1806,  m.  Julia  A.  Lomson. 

3.  Mart  H.,  b.  1809,  m.  Joseph  Weller. 

4.  Sarah,  b.  1812,  m.  first,  Rev.  Jesse  Fritz  :  second,  M.  Pitnord. 

5.  Samuel  M.,  b.  1814. 

6.  Robert,  b.  1817,  d.  1818. 

7.  Isabella,  b.  1818.  m.  Mr.  Rassenberg,  of  Pennsylvania. 

8.  Jacob,  b.  1823,  m.  Mary  Voumans. 

9.  Ltdia,  b.  1825,  m.  John  W.  Fritts. 

10.  Jesse,  b.  1836. 

11.  John  b.  1838. 


ROBERT,  came  from  Ireland  to  Bridgehampton,  L.  I. ;  removed  to  Roxbury  twp. 
before  1763,  and  buys,  1778,  100  acres  of  Eleazer  Lindsley  ;  in  1775,  112  acres  of 
Thomas  Faircloe  ;  in  1783,  94  acres  of  W.  Topping,  all  adjoining  pieces  of  prop- 
erty and  on  the  road  from  the  turnpike  to  the  D.,  L.  &  W.  depot  at  Chester  : 
had  ch. : 
I.  ROBERT,  b.  10  June,  1758,  d.  20  March,  1838  ;  buried  at  Pleasant  Hill 
cemetery,  near  Chester  ;  m.  Mary  Stark,  (dau.  of  John) ,  b.  11  July,  1768 ; 
had  ch. : 

(I).  MARGARET,  b.  29  March,  1787,  m.  David  Larason,  (3.  of  Andrewi. 
(II).  JOHN.  b.  27  Jan.,  1789. 
(III).  ROBERT,  b.  13  Nov.,  1790,  m.  Catherine   Beard,  (dau.  of   David); 
had  ch.: 

1.  Margaret,  m.  Tunis  Crater,  (s.  of  Will). 

2.  Ltdia,  m.  John  Petri,  (s.  of  John). 

3.  Willett,  m.  Clarissa  Kellahan. 

4.  Robert,  m.  Susan  S warts,  (dau.  of  Jacob) . 

5.  Louisa,  died  young. 

6.  Catherine,  m.  Daniel  Budd,  (s.  of  Gilbert),  b.  9  Aug.,  1827. 
(TV).  REUBEN,  b.  5  May,  1793,  d.  3  July,  1867,  m.  Ann  Messlar,   idau.  of 

Bergen) ;  had  ch. : 

1.  John,  b.  19  March,  1821  ;  died  young. 

2.  Beroen,  b.  7  Aug.,  1823  ;  died  young. 

3.  Mart  Jane,  b.  10  Dec.,  1827,  m.  first,  Joseph  Budd,  (s.  of  Gilbert) 

b.  11  Oct.,  1822 ;  second,  Mulford  Skellenger. 

4.  Robert,  b.  8  June,  1822,  m.  Lydia  E.  Leek,  and  had  one  child, 

Reuben  C. 
(V).  MARY,  b.  10  Feb.,  1796,  m.  William  Willett,  (s.  of  William). 

284  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(VI).  LYDIA,  b.  17  Jan.,  1800. 
II.  JOHN,  m.  20  March,  1796,  Mary  Mulford  ;  bad  ch. : 
(I).  CATHERINE,  unmarried. 

(H).  SARAH,  b.  Jan.,  1798,  d.  20  Dec.,  1884,  m.  SamT  Willett,  (s.  of  Win.) 
(HI).  ELIZA,  m.  David  B.  Hurd,  for  second  wife. 
(TV).  CATHERINE,  died  at  22. 
(V).  NANCY,  b.  1806,  m.  for  third  husband,  Casper  Apgar,  (s.  of  Jacob 

and  Charity  Pickel) . 
(VI).  MARIETTA,  b.  1808,  m.  Samuel  Sweazy,  (s.  of  Samuel  and  Margaret 

(VII).  THOMAS  MULFORD,  m.  Eliza  Howell  ;  had  ch.: 

1.  Ellas,  m.  a  Brown. 

2.  Thomas,  m.  first,  a  Pridham  ;  second,  a  Shumacker. 

3.  John,  m.  first,  Eliza  Larue  ;  second,  Elisabeth  Hoffman. 

4.  Mary,  m.  Charles  Fllis  Jackson,  of  Wichita,  TTaTnuig 

5.  Nancy,  m.  Lewis  Shields. 

(VIII).  JOHN  D  G.,  m. first,  Elisabeth  Smith  ;  second,  Lettie  Cutler;  had  ch. : 

1.  Smith,  m.  Kate  Larue. 

2.  Layinia,  m.  Carlisle  Axtell. 

3.  Anna,  m.  Carlisle  Axtell. 

4.  George,  unmarried. 

III.  ABIGAIL,  m.  John  Wise,  (s.  of  Jacob). 

IV.  Wife  of  John  Coleman,  (brother  Azal  and  Joseph). 


Cases  of  Southold,  L.  I.  and  Roxbttry,  N.  J. 
WILLIAM,  left  England  in  the  "Dorset,"  Sept.,  1635,  aged  19  ;  freeman  of  Rhode 
Island,  1665  ;  m.  Martha,  who,  after  his  death,  (1681  ?)  m.  Thomas  Hutchinson, 
(see  Moore's  Indexes  of  Southold) ;  prob.  had  ch. : 
I.  HENRY,  (who  might  be  sod  of  Henry  who  owned  land  at  Southold  in 
1658) ;  1660,  has  suit  with  Theophilus  Corwin  ;  1681,  deed  from  Martha 
Hutchinson  to  him  as  her  eldest  son,  of  7  acres  ;  1686  has  3  males  and  3 
females  in  his  family  ;  m.  Tabitha,  who  d.  16  Dec,  1735  ;  prob.  had  ch. : 
(I).  HENRY,  JR.,  b.  1684,  d.  16  April,  1720,  at  36. 
(II).  SAMUEL,  b.  1687,  d.  10  May,  1755,  at  68. 

(IV).  HANNAH,  m.  1709,  Philemon  Dickerson. 
(V).  BENJAMIN,  b.  1692,  d.  14  Nov.,  1774,  at  82. 

(VTi.  MARY,  b.  1697,  d.  April,  1777,  at  80  ;  m.  Abiah  (or  Gershom)  Terry. 
H.  THEOPHILUS,  d.  26  Oct.,  1716  ;  1686  has  one  male  and  one  female  in  his 
family  ;  prob.  m.  Hannah,  who  afterwards  m.  1717  Jabez  Mapes  ;  prob. 
had  ch.: 
(I).  WILLIAM,  m.  Anne,  who  d.  1769  ;  had  ch. ; 

1.  James,  b.  1742,  d.  12  Sept.,  1753,  at  11. 

2.  Azubah,  b.  1747,  d.  1753.  at  6. 

(II).  ICHABOD,  m.  first  Mary  Terrill  in  1715,  who  d.  1716  ;  second,  Abi- 
gail Mapes  in  1717,  who  d.  1724-5  ;  third,  Hannah  Goldsmith  in 
1725  ;  had  four  children  who  were  b.  in  the  years  1716,  1721,  1739 
and  1740  ;  prob.  removed  to  Roxbury  twp.,  Morris  Co.,  where  his 
will  is  dated  22  July,  prob.  28  Sept.,  1762,  and  names  wife  Hannah, 

Case  285 

grandson  Joseph  Case,  and  ch. : 

1.  William. 

2.  Abigail. 

3.  Hannah. 

4.  TTry.Ttn 

(LTD.  JOHN,  b.  1718  (?),  d.  6  Feb.,  1775,  at  57  ;  m.  Jemima  Hulse,  1733-4. 
(IV).  THEOPHLLUS,  perhaps  the  son  of  Theophilus  ;  1741,  surveyor  of  the 
highways  in  Roxbury  twp.,  Morris  Go. ;  perhaps  had  son 
1.  Joshua,  b.  1722,  d.  9  July,  1777,  at  55  ;  buried  at  Succasunna  ;  will 
"Roxbury,"  1  July,  prob.  16  Aug.  1777,  names  w.  Elisabeth  and  ch. : 
(1).  Joshua. 
(2).  Joseph. 
(3).  Samuel. 
(4).  John. 
(5).  Augustus. 
(6).  Rhoda. 
(7).  Susanna. 
(8).  Sarah 
Miscellaneous — Married  at  Branchville,  Sussex  Co.,  by  Squire  Price,  Peter 
Case  to  Rebecca  Peterson,  19  Oct.,  1783  ;  Theophilus  Case  to  Anna  Suriterman,  9 
Dec.,  1787. 

Ephraim  Case  to  Elisabeth  Lanterman,  3  Oct.,  1792,;  his  will,  9  March,  prob. 
22  March,  1797,  names  ch. : 

(a).  Aaron. 

(b).  Joshua,  b.  3  July,  1778,  d.  15  May,  1858,  m.  Mary  Cor- 
win,  (dau.  of  Benjamin),  b.  14  Aug.,  1781,  d.  1854.    Both 
buried  at  Succasunna     He  had  Adam  and  Joshua. 
(c).  Jane.  m.  Joseph  Corwin,  (s.  of  Benjamin), 
(d).  La wes. 
(e).  Elisabeth. 

Cases  from  Germant. 
JOHN  PHILIP  and  WILLIAM  KAES  [Kes,  Kase  or  Case],  probably  brothers  are 
naturalized  by  act  of  the  Assembly  July,  1730.     ANTHONY  Kase,  of  the  same 
generation,  was  probably  a  third  brother.     JOHN  PHILIP  settled  near  Flem- 
ington  ;  naturalized  by  act  of  Assembly,  July,  1730  :  bought  9  March,  1733,  a 
part  of  the  Wm.  Penn  tract,  now  known  as  the  "  Mine  Farm."  m.  first,  Anna 
Elisabeth  ;  second,  Rachel  ;  his  will,  ''Amwell,"  27  Nov.,  1754,  prob.  1  March. 
1756,  (Lib.  8  fol.  426),  names  5  children  by  first  wife  and  4  by  the  second. 
in.  FRONA  CATHERINE,  m.  Henry  Winters. 
IV.  ELISABETH,  m.  Peter  Aller,  who  had  grdch.  b.  from  1768-1777. 
V.  ANN,  m.  [Peter  T\  Dilts,  and  had  ch. :  Philip  Dilts  and  Henerick  Dilts. 
vin.  PHILIP. 
WILLIAM,  settled  on  Copper  Hill,  near  Flemington  ;  naturalized  by  act  of  Assem- 
bly, July,  1738  ;  his  will,  "Amwell,"  18  April,  prob.  5  May,  1769,  (Lib.  14.  fol. 
172) ,  names  wife  Elisabeth  and  ch. : 

286  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

I.  MART. 

vni.  ADAM,  m.  Elisabeth  and  had  ch. : 
(I).  WILLIAM,  b.  15  Aug.,  1763. 
01).  ADAM,  b.  13  Aug.,  1770,  prob.  m.  Elisabeth,  b.  14  Feb.,  1776;  had  ch. : 

1.  William,  b.  23  April,  1797. 

2.  Mahlon,  b.  28  Feb.,  1799. 

3.  Sybilla,  b.  24  July,  1800. 

4.  Hester,  b.  20  March,  1802. 

5.  Jonathan,  b.  15  April,  1804. 

6.  Jacob,  b.  9  July,  1806. 

7.  Sarah,  b.  26  April,  1808. 

8.  Nathan,  b.  28  March,  1810. 

9.  Christian,  b.  29  March,  1812. 

10.  Rebecca,  b.  1  Aug.,  1813. 

11.  Milton,  b.  1  Aug.,  1815. 

12.  Susanna,  b.  30  Jan.,  1817. 
an).  JOSEPH,  b.  14  April,  1772. 
(TV).  ANNA,  b.  17  March,  177—. 

(V).  MARY,  b.  22  Oct.,  1774. 
(VI).  PHILIP,  b.  12  Dec.,  1782. 
(VII).  REBECCA,  b.  12  Oct.,  1784. 
(VILI).  ISAAC,  b.  27  Dec.,  1789  ;  prob.  m.  Margaret  and  had  ch. : 

1.  Elisabeth,  b.  6  April,  1811. 

2.  John,  b.  1  Sept.,  1812. 
(IX).  One  other. 

ANTHONY,  his  will,  "Amwell,"  7  June,  1769,  prob.  11  Dec.,  1772,  (Lib.  14,  fol.  461), 
names  wife  Eva  Catharine  and  ch. : 
I.  PETER,  perhaps  the  one  whose  will,  "Amwell,"  1779,  (Lib.  32,  fol.  23), 
names  wife  Anna  and  ch. : 
a).  HENRY. 
an).  TUNIS,  [Anthony]. 
OV).  JOHN. 
(V).  ANNA. 
(VI).  PETER. 
H.  JOHN,  perhaps  the  one  of  Clover  Hill,  whose  family  is  found  History  of 
Hunterdon  and  Somerset  Co.,  page  418,  as  follows  : 
(I).  JACOB,  had  ch. ; 

1.  Anthont  L. 

2.  John  L. 

(HI).  WILLIAM,  [prob.  m.  Anna];  had  ch. : 

Case  287 

1.  Margaret,  [?  b.  16  March,  1791],  m.  Levi  Mettler. 

2.  John,  [?  b.  38  Feb.,  1801],  m.  first,  Elisabeth  Hoffman,  (dau.  of 

Thomas) ;  second,  Amy  Hoff,  (dau.  of  Will.) ;  had  ch.: 

(1).  William. 

(2).  John  P. 

(3).  Jeremiah  H. 

(4).  Mary,  m.  John  Opdyke. 

(5).  Anna,  m.  Jonathan  Kugler. 

(6).  Elisabeth,  m.  Will  Wilson.    By  second  wife. 

(7).  Eli. 

(8).  Catherine,  m.  Holloway  H.  Hewitt. 

(9) .  Margaret,  m.  Wilson  Silverthorn. 

3.  Christopher,  m.  first,  Catharine  Rupel ;  second,  a  Case  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  William.    By  second  wife. 

(2).  Anne. 

(3).  George. 

(4).  Peter. 

(5).  Christopher. 

4.  Mahlon. 

5.  Mart,  m.  Daniel  Marsh. 

(TV).  PETER,  [?m.  Margaret];  hadch.: 

1.  Daniel,  [?  b.  4  Sept.,  1807]. 

2.  Henry,  [?  b.  3  Sept.,  1808]. 
[3.  Cornelius,  b.  10  Nov.,  1810]. 

4.  Godfrey,  m.  Sallie  Curtis,  (dau.  Daniel) ;  had  four  children  : 
(1).  Samuel. 

(2).  Elisabeth,  m.  Samuel  Worthington. 
(3).  Peter. 

(4).  Mary  Martha,  m.  a  Mathis. 
(5),  Elisabeth. 
(V).  GODFREY,  had  ch. : 

1.  Levi,  m.  a  dau.  of  Jacob  Bunn  ;  has  ch. : 

(1).  Whitfield. 
(2).  Elisabeth. 
(3).  Lucy. 

2.  John,  m.  Eliza  Rittenhouse,  (dau.  of  Elijah) ;  has  three  sons  : 

(1).  Elijah  R.,  C.  E. 

(2).  Levi  W.,  A.  M.,  M.  D. 

(3).  Joseph. 

3.  Mary,  m.  William  Drake. 

4.  Margaret,  m.  William  Besson  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  John  Besson,  a  lawyer  of  Hoboken. 

(2).  Sam.  Austin  Besson,  a  lawyer  of  Jersey  City. 

(3).  Elisabeth  Besson. 

(4).  Hannah  Besson. 

(5).  Francis  Besson. 

5.  Catherine,  m.  Spencer  Alpaugh  ;  has  three  daughters  living  at 

Little  York,  Hunterdon  Co. : 
(1).  Mary  Alpaugh. 
(2).  Ad ella  Alpaugh. 

a88  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(3).  Camilla  Aipaugh. 
6.  Susan,  m.  Henry  Eckel  ;  has  one  dau.  living  at  Trenton,  Lydia. 
m.  Dr.  Will.  Rice. 
(VI) .  MARY,  m.  Peter  Bloom  and  res.  near  Mt.  Pleasant,  Hunterdon  Co. 
(VH).  ELISABETH,  m.  and  res.  in  Bethlehem  twp. 
(VIE).  MARGARET,  m.  David  Stem  ;  res.  near  Easton,  Pa. 
(IX).  CHARITY,  m.  Lewis  Rope  ;  res.  near  Easton,  Pa. 
(X).  CATHERINE,  m.  John  Case,  a  distant  relative  :  res.  near  Patten- 
berg  ;  has  ch. : 

1.  Henry. 


3.  John. 

Miscellaneous — Bastian  Kes  was  naturalized  by  act  of  Assembly,  12  Nov., 
1744  ;  Johannes  and  Matthias  K_ase,  1754,  and  Tunis  and  Peter  Case,  20  Aug., 


JOAN  PETER  EASSENER  (JOHN  PETER  CASTNER),  widower  from  the 
Palatinate,  is  m.  in  New  York,  2  April,  1711,  to  Magdalena  Paan,  the  widow  of 
Jacob  Hoof,  from  Wirtemberg  ;  perhaps  is  the  father  of  Jurgen  (or  George), 
and  Peter,  who  are  the  first  of  the  name  in  New  Jersey;  there  certainly  was 
a  family  of  the  name  who  came  to  New  York  in  the  "2d  emigration,"  1710, 
since  Gov.  Hunter  apprenticed  a  child  of  this  name  with  other  children  of  the 
Palatines,  in  1711-M  ;  perhaps  had  ch. : 
I.  PETER  Cassinor,  whose  will,  "  Somerset  Co.,"  Sept.  14,  prob.  Dec.  1, 1756, 

names  wife,  Mary,  and  ch. :    Witness  to  a  baptism  "On  the  Raritans," 

1719  ;  buys  land  on  "  2d  Mountain,"  Som.  Co.,  of  Alex.  McDowell,  1727, 

Feb.  1 ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  PETER,  perh.  d.  1788  ;  rem.  to  Morris  Co.,  m.  Mary;  had  ch.: 

1.  Jeremiah,  m.  Mary  Thomas,  (dau.  of  Matthias) :  rem.  to  Penn. 

2.  John,  b.  9  Sept.,  1767,  d.  24  Feb.,  1824,  m.  Catherine  Schenkel, 

(dau.  of  Anthony),  b.  28  July,  1772,  d.  16  July,  1860 ;  res.  near 

German  Valley  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  John,  m.  Elisabeth  Lomerson,  (dau.  of         ) ;  had  ch. : 

(a).  John,  b.  17  Feb.  1825,  m.  Mary  Ann  Hoffman,  (dau.  of 
Jacobl   and  had  ch. :    Mary  Ann  ;  Acka ;  Elisabeth  : 
Mary  ;  Arthur ;  Edith. 
(b).  Jacob,  m.  Ellen  Beam,   (dau.  of  William);  res.  near 

(c).  William,  m.  Sarah  Schuyler,  (dau.  of  William) ;  rem. 
to  Hardwick,  Warren  Co. 
(2).  Mart,  m.  Abraham  Hall. 
(II).  JACOB,  perh.  s.  of  Peter  2d  ;  will,  12  Jan.,  prob.  4  March,  1788, 
names  wife  Catherine  and  witness  Daniel  Castner,  Sr. ;  had  ch. ; 
1,  Daniel,  perh.  s.  of  Jacob,  b.  10  May,  1741,  d.  10  March,  1829,  m.  8 
May,    1775,  Mary  Thompson,  b.  1752,  d.  30  Dec.,  1830  ;  will,  18 
Dec,  1828,  prob.  7  April,  1829,  names  wife  Mary  and  ch. : 
(1).  Jacob. 
(2).  John. 
(3),  Sarah,  m.  John  Gaston. 

Castner  289 

(4) .  July,  m.  a  Yawger. 

(5).  Mary.  m.  a  Baker. 

(6).  Catherine,  b.  2  Nov.,  1786,  d.  4  March,  1854,  m.  John  II. 

(7).  Elisabeth,  m.  a  Van  Doren. 
(8).  Margaret,  m.  a  Willet. 
2.  John  Peter,  perhaps  s.  of  Jacob  and  Catherine),  b.  21  July,  1750; 
res.  at  Liberty  Corner,  Somerset  Co. ;  soldier  in  the  Revolution  ; 
m .  Margaret  Compton  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  Rev.  Jacob  Randolph,  b.  24  July,  1785,  d.  19  Nov.,  1848, 
in.  1814,  Sarah  Shafer,  of  Stillwater,  N.  J.,  b.  9  Feb.,  1795, 
d.  2  May,  1868  ;  had  several  children. 
(2).  James. 
II.  JTTRGEN  (or  George)  m.  Naomi  :  prob.  the  George  who  was  apprenticed 
in  1710,  at  13  years  of  age,  in  N.   Y. ;  "on  the  Raritans,"  member  of 
Lutheran  Church  in  N.  Y.,  1721 ;  had  ch.  iperhaps): 
(I).  JOHN,  perh.  m.  Babara  :  hadch. : 

1.  John,  Jr.,  b.  1751,  d.  1801  ;  his  will,  1786,  prob. .names  mother, 

Barbara,  brother  Conrad  and  brother-in-law  Peter  Bockover. 
(II).  JAMES,  subscribed  to  building  of  Lutheran  Ch.  at  Pluckamin.  1756. 
(Ill) .  PHILIP,  perh.  son  of  Jurgen,  m.  Susanna,  who  was  b.  1727,  d.  1777 

in  Morris  Co. 
(TV).  GEORGE,  m.  Dorothea  ;  had  ch.:    Jacob,  b.  4  March,  1779. 
(V).  DANIEL,  Sr.,  in  Tewksbury  twp.,  1766  ;  prob.  had  ch.: 

1.  Jacob,  m.  Eva  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  John,  b.  1  Sept.,  1798. 
i2).  Daniel,  b.  27  Dec.,  1812. 

2.  Daniel,  b.  1757,  d.  12  Feb.,  1829  :  rem.  to  Spruce  Run  from  Som. 

Co.,  m.  first .  Elisabeth  Souers  :  second,  Elisabeth  Moore  :  had  ch. : 
(1).  John,  m.  Maria  Parks,  who  was  murdered  with  her  husband 

in  1842  by  his  brother  :  had  ch. :     Victor,  b.  27  Sept.,  1833, 

m.  first,  Sarah  E.  Hill  :  second,  her  sister  Semantha  Hill  ; 

John  P.,  b.  3  Nov.,  1837,  m.   Lydia  A.  Snider  land  had 

Laura,  Eugene  and  Sadie!. 
(2).  Jacob,  Jr.,  m.  Elisabeth  Anthony,  (dau.  of  Jacob) ;  had  ch. : 

Daniel,  unmarried  ;   Elijah,  m.  first,  Elisabeth   Hoover  ; 

second,  Crechy  Kitchen  :  third,  married  in  Ohio  :  Jacob, 

m.  Betsey  Karns  ;  John  R.,  m.  Margaret  Moore,  (dau.  of 

John  and  a  Rodenbach) ;  Betsey,  m.  Chris.  Smith  ;  Phemie, 

m.  first,  Sam.  Coleman  ;  second,  John  Hazely  :  Lydia,  m. 

Richard  Bennett  ;  Rachel,  m.  Peter  Baldwin  ;  Sally  Ann  ; 

Becky;  Polly. 
(3).  Adam,  m.  Elisabeth  Swaits  ;  had  ch. :    John,  m.  Ann  Read, 

(dau.  of   William) ;  Isaac  ;  Elisabeth,  m.  John  Bowlsby  ; 

Becky;   Maria,  m.   David  Alpock  ;   Mary   Catherine,  m. 

Mansfield  Beatty,  (s.  of  George) ;  Susan,  m.  Jacob  Hipp, 

(s.  of  Leonard). 
(4).  Peter,  m.  Jeannette  Cratzly  ;  had  ch. :    Daniel;  William, 

m.  Sarah  Thomas,  is.  of  Joseph) ;  George,  m.  Louise  Ben- 

290  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

nett ;  Andrew,  m.  Nancy  Gartner,  (s.  of  John) ;  David,  m. 
Abbie  Gerry,  (dau.  of  Philip);  " Kal,"  m.  Susan  Smith  ; 
Mary,  m.  John  Anderson  ;  Amanda,  m.  William  Smith. 
(5) .  Moore,  m.  Susan  Force,  (dau.  of  John) ;  had  ch. :  Michel,  m. 
Susan  Lance,  (dau.  of  Joseph) ;  Nathan,  m.  Margaret  Orte ; 
Benjamin ;  Becky,  m.  George  Walters,  (s.  of  Thomas) ; 
Keziah,  m.  Wm.  Read,  (s.  of  Philip) ;  Iyydia,  m.  a  Pigeon. 
(6) .  George,  m.  Elisabeth  Lance,  (dau.  of  John) ;  had  one  child, 

Whitefleld,  m.  Rachel  Sliker,  (dau.  of  Daniel) . 
(7).  Betsey,  m.  William  Anderson,  (6.  of  William). 
(6).  Abraham,  m.  Elisabeth  McClean,  (dau.  of  Amos) ;  had  ch.: 
Amos,  m.   Susan   Brown  ;    William  and  Nicholas,  went 
West  ;  Stewart,  m.  a  Trimmer,  (dau.  of  John) ;  Susan,  m. 
Jacob  Bess. 
III.  DANIEL,  perh.  6.  of  Peter  1st  ;  witness  to  will  of  Peter  Castner,  8r.,  of 

Somerset  Co.,  14  Sept.,  1756. 
Miscellaneous — It  has  been  impossible  to  get  satisfactory  information  with 
regard  to  the  Castner  family,  even  after  considerable  correspondence.  The  above 
is  offered  as  a  basis  for  further  research.  John  Eastner,  settled  in  Schoharie,  1713 ; 
removed  to  Tulpehocken  Creek,  Pa.,  in  1723,  with  33  other  German  families  (Rupp 
p.  467).  A  certain  Paul  Eastner  is  said  to  have  come  to  New  Germantown,  1694, 
with  Rev.  Francis  Daniel  Pastorius. 


Four  brothers  of  the  name  of  Chambers.  JAMES,  ROBERT,  JOSEPH  and 
BENJAMIN,  came  from  the  county  of  Antrim,  Ireland,  and  landed  at  Phila. 
about  1726.  The  youngest,  Benjamin,  in  a  deposition,  made  in  Philadelphia,  8 
Dec,  1736,  styles  himself  "  a  millwright  about  23  years  of  age,"  and  he  is  said  to 
have  been  at  the  time  of  his  death,  17  Feb.,  1788,  "eighty  years  of  age  and  up- 
wards." He  was,  therefore,  probably  born  about  1710.  For  a  time  the  brothers 
lived  together  at  the  mouth  of  Fishing  Creek,  on  the  eastern  bank  of  the  Susque- 
hanna, a  few  miles  above  Harris1  Ferry.  Here  they  erected  a  mill,  which  was,  at 
that  period,  of  great  utility  for  a  large  district  of  country.  Attracted,  however, 
by  the  prospect  of  other  locations  for  such  establishments  and  for  farms,  they 
crossed  the  Susquehanna,  on  or  before  the  year  1730.  and  settled  at  different  places  : 
James,  at  the  head  of  Green  Spring,  near  Newville  ;  Robert,  at  the  head  of  Mid- 
dle Spring,  near  Shippensburgh,  and  Joseph  and  Benjamin  at  the  confluence  of 
Falling  Spring  and  the  Conecocheague,  where  Chambersburg  now  stands.  Joseph, 
however,  soon  returned  to  Fishing  Creek.  But  the  others  remained  where  they 
had  last  settled  and  were  distinguished  for  their  enterprise  and  public  usefulness. 
They  were  soon  followed  by  large  numbers,  who  were  not  slow  to  hear  of  the 
attractive  region  soon  to  be  opened  for  settlement.  In  the  settlement  commenced 
by  James  Chambers,  about  three  miles  south  of  Newville,  was  one  of  the  most 
numerous  clusters  of  inhabitants  in  the  valley.  It  was  very  early  (1738),  strong 
enough  to  form  a  religious  congregation  which  offered  to  pledge  itself  to  the  sup- 
port of  a  pastor. — [Wing's  History  of  Cumberland  County]. 

RANALD  and  ROWLAND  CHAMBERS,  two  brothers,  according  to  tradition, 
came  to  America  about  1720,  from  the  north  of  Ireland  and  settled  at  Meeting 
House  Springs,  near  Newville,  Pa.    They  were  of  Scotch  Irish  descent.    The 



name,  Chambers,  is  said  to  have  come  from  the  Scotch  Cameron.    This  became 
Cameranus,  when  the  Camerons  fled  to  France.     On  their  return  to  Ireland 
the  name  became  Chambers.     Notwithstanding  the  tradition,  mentioned  above, 
it  could  very  easily  be  that  these  two  brothers  were  sons  of  one  of  the  first  four, 
probably  of  Jakes.     Ranald  died  in  1746,  prob.  soon  after  his  marriage.     He 
could  hardly  have  been  over  thirty  years  of  age  and  too  young  to  have  come 
to  Philadelphia  alone  in  the  year  1720  or  1726.     However,  in  1736-7,  Randle  [  Ran- 
ald 7]  Chambers  receives  a  grant  of  land,  for  the  use  of  his  son  James,  on  Great 
Spring  Creek,  a  branch  of  the  Conecocheague,  (History  of  Cumberland  Co.,  p. 
23).    James  Chambers  commanded  one  of  the  three  companies  that  fought  the 
Indians  in  the  battle  of  Sideling  Hill,  April,  1756. 
ROWLAND,  settled  "  near  the  mouth  of  the  Letort  on  the  State  road";  buried  at 
Meeting  House  Springs  ;  had  ch. : 
RANALD,  d.  at  1746  ;  buried  at  Meeting  House  Springs  ;  had  two  ch.,  John  and 
I.  JOHN,  d.  early  and  left  only  one  child  : 

(I).  WILLIAM,  d.  5  Oct.,  1809,  m.  Eleanor  Talbot,  of  a  family  which 
settled  in,  and  gave  the  name  to,  Talbot  Co.,  Maryland  ;  lived  at 
Middlesex,  Cumberland  Co.,  Pa.  Capt.  William  Chambers  is  men- 
tioned in  the  minutes  of  the  Council  of  Safety  as  connected  with 
the  First  Regiment  of  Cumberland  Co.,  1777,  under  Col.  Ephraim 
Blaine,  the  great-grandfather  of  Hon.  James  G.  Blaine  ;  Colonel  in 
command  of  Pennsylvania  Associators  and  Militiamen,  81  July, 
1777  ;  was  present  at  battles  of  Trenton  and  Princeton  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Betsey,  b.  2  March,  1772,  m.  Dr.  Kelso  and  had  William  Kelso 

and  Joseph  Kelso. 

2.  Polly,  b.  11  June,  1773,  d.  1866  ;  became  second  wife  of  Mordecai 

McKinney,  3rd. 

3.  John,  b.  20  Jan.,  1775,  m.  a  Uhrie  ;  rem.  to  Dayton,  Ohio  ;  had  ch. :. 

(1).  Thomas. 
(2).  Talbot. 
(3)— (5).  Three  daughters. 

4.  Jane,  b.  1  Nov.,  1776,  d.  16  Dec.,  1856  ;  unmarried. 

5.  William,  b.  16  June,  1779,  m.  and  had  ch. ;  res.  in  Adams  Co.,  Pa. 

6.  Talbot,  b.  8  Feb.,  1783  ;  Col.  in  U.  S.  Army,  d.  in  Texas  ;  unm. 

7.  Mabgabet,  b.  6  Oct.,  1788,  d.  25  Feb.,  1848. 

8.  Ann,  (perhaps  the  flrst  child  of  Col.  William),  d.  1795,  m.  Arthur 

Chambers,  of  the  same  name  but  not  related.     He  was  b.  1758,  d. 

29  Sept.,  1794,  at  36  ;  buried  in  Derry  church-yard  ;  she  was 

buried  in  church-yard  of  Welsh  Run,  near  Greencastle.     They 

had  three  children : 

(1).  Abthtjr,  died  early. 

(2).  Ann,  b.  1789,  d.  18  March,  1877,  m.  Louis  L.  Near,  M.  D.,  a 
Surgeon  in  U.  S.  Army,  who  d.  31  Dec.,  1845. 

(3).  William  Chestnut,  M.  D.,  b.  1790,  d.  16  Dec.,  1857,  m.  11 
Jan.,  1816,  Mary  Ege,  dau.  of  Michael,  a  large  manufac- 
turer of  iron,  the  owner  of  four  furnaces  and  about  eight 
thousand  acres  of  land   in  Cumberland   Co.,   Pa.     "Dr. 

292  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

William  C.  Chambers  was  born  near  Harrisburg,  his 
grandfather  [greatrgreat^grandf ather  ?  ]  was  no  doubt  one 
of  the  four  brothers,  James,  Robert,  Joseph  and  Benja- 
min, who  emigrated  from  Antrim,  Ireland,  about  1736  and 
settled  first  upon  the  Susquehanna,  but  soon  crossed  over 
and  took  possession  of  lands  in  different  parts  of  Cumber- 
land Valley  ;  Benjamin,  the  youngest,  going  as  far  West 
among  the  Indians  as  Chambersburg,  which  bears  his  name. 
The  other  brothers  are  said  to  have  taken  up  lands  at 
Middle  Spring,  Green  Spring,  Middlesex  and  along  the 
river.  The  subject  of  this  sketch  was  brought  up  in  the 
Presbyterian  Church.  He  was  educated  in  Dickinson  Col- 
lege (where  he  was  a  classmate  of  the  late  President  Bu- 
chanan) ,  and  in  the  medical  department  of  the  University  of 
Pennsylvania.  He  settled  in  Carlisle,  as  a  practitioner  of 
medicine,  and  soon  after  married.  Dr.  Chambers,  though 
much  esteemed  as  a  physician,  relinquished  the  practice  of 
medicine  after  several  years  and  engaged  in  the  manufac- 
ture of  flour  and  iron.  In  1838  he  removed  to  Philadelphia. " 
— (History  of  Cumberland  County,  Pa.,  by  Rev.  C.  P. 
Wing.  D.D.,  p.  186).  He  was  an  elder  for  many  years  of 
the  First  Presbyterian  Church,  of  Carlisle.  His  wife  in- 
herited from  her  father  the  valuable  Cumberland  property, 
in  the  management  of  which  Dr.  Chambers  was  engaged 
until  his  removal  to  Philadelphia  :  had  ch. : 
(a).  Annie  J.,  b.  36  Oct.,  1816,  d.  18  May,  1880  ;  unmarried. 
(b).  Arthur  E.,  b.  1817,  d.  Dec,  1837. 

(c).  Talbot  Wilson.  S.  T.  D.,  LL.  D.,  b.  1819,  m.  31  April, 
1841,  by  Rev.  Alex.  McClelland,  D.  D.,  to  Louisa  Mercer 
Frelinghuysen,  (dau.  of  John  and  Elis.  Van  Vechten) , 
b.  3  Dec..  1831,  d.  at  7  a.  m.  on  3  June,  1893,  at  Port- 
land, Oregon,  suddenly  from  heart  failure  brought  on 
by  bowel  trouble,  while  her  husband  was  attending  the 
General  Assembly  of  the  Presbyterian  Chnrch  as  a 
delegate  from  the  General  Synod  of  the  Reformed  Ch. 
Dr.  Chambers  graduated  at  Rutgers  College,  New 
Brunswick,  N.  J..  1834  ;  studied  theology  in  both  the 
New  Brunswick  and  Princeton  Theological  Seminaries ; 
pastor  of  the  Second  Reformed  Dutch  Church,  Somer- 
ville,  N.  J.,  1839-49  ;  one  of  the  pastors  of  the  Collegiate 
Dutch  Church  of  New  York  City,  1849  to  the  present 
time,  May,  1894.  He  was  the  Vedder  lecturer  at  New 
Brunswick  in  1875  ;  is  Chairman  of  the  Committee  on 
Versions  of  the  American  Bible  Society,  and  Chairman 
of  the  Executive  Committee  of  the  Amer.  Tract  Society ; 
was  member  of  the  Amer.  Bible  Revision  Committee, 
Old-Testament  Co.  He  has  published,  besides  numer- 
ous articles,  addresses  and  sermons,  The  Noon  Prayer 
Meeting  in  Fulton  Street,  New  York,  1857  ;  Memoir  of 
Theodore  Frelinghuysen,  18G3  ;  Exposition  of  Zach- 

Chambers  293 

ariah,  in  Schaff-Lange  Commentary,  1874  ;  The  Psal- 
ter, a  Witness  to  the  Divine  Origin  of  the  Bible  (Ved- 
der  Lectures),  1875  ;  Companion  to  the  Revised  Version 
of  the  Old  Testament,  1885.  (Schaff-Herzog  Encyclo- 
pedia, supplement! ;  has  ch. : 
(aa>.  Mary  Eqe,  b.  Han  tan.  N.  J.,  28  March,  1843,  d.  16 

Nov.,  1845. 
(bb).  Frederick  Frelinghuysen,  b.  Somerville,  N.  J.,  10 
April.  1845,  m.  7  June,  1866,  by  Rev.  T.  W.  Cham- 
bers, S.  T.  D.,  his  father,  to  Mary  Elisabeth  Gaines, 
(dan.  of  Royal  Aldrich  Gaines,  a  prominent  lawyer 
of  New  York  City,  and  Laura  Walker  his  wife,  of 
Brooklyn,  N.  Y.);  Secretary  and  Auditor  of  the 
Del..  Lack.  &  West.  R.  R. ;  has  ch. :  Victoria 
Frelinghuysen,  b.  6  March.  1867,  d.  Hackensack.  N. 
J.,  of  cholera  infantum,  6  August.  1868  :  Royal 
Aldrich.  b.  13  Feb.,  1869,  d.  Brooklyn,  31  May,  1869; 
Mary  Elisabeth,  b.  22  March,  1870.  d.  Somerville, 
N.  J.,  22  July,  1892,  from  heart  trouble ;  Frederick 
Frelinghuysen,  b.  24  April,  1871 ;  in  the  treasurer's 
department  of  the  D.,  L.  and  W.  R.  R. ;  Laura 
Gaines,  b.  7  July,  1873,  m.  Chas.  James  Smith.  June 
2,  1891,  and  had  two  children,  the  last  a  daughter 
living  ;  Louisa  Frelinghuysen,  b.  13  October,  1874 
Rosalie  Brigham,  b.  2  March,  d.  July,  1876;  Wm 
H.  Thayer,  b.  7  Oct.,  1877  ;  John  Seaman,  b.  22 
Nov.,  1878  ;  Oeorgiana  Crawford,  b.  28  Oct.,  1882, 
(cc).  Arthur  De  Put,  b.  Raritan,  N.  J.,  1  May,  1S47,  m 
30  Oct.,  1872.  Corinne  Stoney,  idau.  of  Jos.  Jenkins 
Stoney,  of  Bluffton,  S.  C.) ;  assist,  treasurer  of  D 
L.  and  W.  R.  R. ;  Sec'y  and  Treas.  Steward  Iron 
Mining  Co.  and  Treas.  Oxford  Iron  and  Nail  Co. 
(dd).  Theodore  Frelinghuysen,  b.  Raritan,  N.  J.,  14 
May,  1849,  m.  30  Dec.,  1873,  in  Brooklyn,  by  Rev. 
L.  S.  Weed,  of  the  Carroll  Park  M.  E.  Church, 
Mary  Arno  Muren,  (dau.  of  Capt.  Parker  and  Jeanet 
Laing) ,  widow  of  Joshua  B.  Sutton,  of  Brooklyn,  N. 
Y.,  whose  children  are  Jeanet  Muren  Sutton, 
Kate  Monteith  Sutton  and  Mary  Sutton,  all  unm. 
lee).  Elisabeth  Van  Vechten,  b.  Raritan,  N.  J.,  24  Aug. 

1852  ;  d.  Nov.  16,  1855,  of  mem.  croup. 
iff).  Talbot  Roland,  b.  Raritan,  N.  J.,  27  June,  1855,  m. 
19  May,  1886,  Edith  M.  Jennings,  (dau.  of  Horace  N. 
of  East  Orangel ,  was  a  student  of  the  University  of 
the  City  of  New  York  ;  graduated  from  the  College 
of  Physicians  and  Surgeons,  1878 ;  practised  medi- 
cine at  first  in  New  York,  then  in  May,  1881,  settled 
in  Orange,  N.  J.  Dr.  Chambers  is  a  frequent  con- 
tributor to  the  current  medical  journals  and  maga- 
zines ;    an  operation   in   which   he  was  successful, 

294  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

marking  an  advance  in  surgery,  was  noticed  in  the 
editorial  columns  of  the  New  York  Times.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  State  Medical  Society ;  of  the  Orange 
Mountain  Medical  Society  ;  and  of  the  Practitioners 
Club  of  Newark  ;  the  inventor  of  the  Elastic  Breast 
Compressor  and  of  a  Compressor  for  Swollen  Glands, 
two  valuable  medical  patents ;  has  lost  his  oldest 
child,  Margaret  J.,b.  21  Aug.,  1888,  who  died  a  babe; 
has  Talbot  W.,  b.  24  April,  1890. 
(gg).  John  Freltnqhuysen,  b.  13  Oct.,  1857  ;  graduated 
at  the  College  of  the  City  of  New  York  ;  graduated 
from  Columbia  College  Law  School  ;  has 

charge  of  searching  department  of  the  Title  Guar- 
antee and  Trust  Co.,  of  New  York. 
(hh).  Louise  Schiefflin,  b.  10  Nov.,  1859  ;  unmarried. 
(ii).  Hilary  Ranald,  b.  25  Jan.,  1863,  m.  19  Oct.,  1893, 
Marie   Schenck    Jameson,   (dau.   of  Judge  C.   M. 
Jameson,  of  Somerville,  N.  J.), 
(jj).  Catherine  Van  Nest,  b.  6  April,  1866  ;  unmarried. 
(kk).  Sarah  Frelinghuysen,  b.  22  April,  1868,  m.  25  Feb., 
1892,  Arthur  Lewis  Moore,  of  New  York  City;  rem. 
to  London,  England,  1893  ;  has  one  daughter. 
(d).  Elisabeth,  b.  9  Sept.,  1820  ;  res.  in  Philadelphia. 
(e).  William  B.,  b.  25  Feb.,  1822,  d.  3  Feb.,   1861 ;  was  an 
artist  of  decided  talent  and  estimable  character  ;  spent 
several  years  in  Italy  in  the  study  of  art ;  unmarried. 
(£).  Mary,  b.  3  April,  1823,  d.  9  Nov.,  1857,  m.  Hon.  George 
Sharswood,  who  issued  an  edition  of  Blackstone's  Com- 
mentaries,  and   became  Chief  Justice  of  the  Supreme 
Court  of  Perm. ;  had  only  one  child,  George,  who  m.  and 
left  at  his  death  one  daughter,  May  Sharswood. 
(g).  George  E.,  b.  19  Aug.,  1824. 
(h).  Alfred  F.,  b.  21  Dec.,  1825,  d.  18  Jan.,  1853. 
(i).  Louis  N.,  b.  3  Feb.,  1S29,  d.  7  July,  1849. 
II.  BANALD,  son  of  Ranald  1st ;  nothing  is  known  of  him. 


Colemans  of  Nantucket. 
THOMAS,  b.  about  1599,  d.  Nantucket,  1682,  at  83  ;  came  to  Newberry,  Mass., 
from  Marlborough  in  Wilts,  England  ;  arrived  at  Boston  3  June,  1635,  in  the 
"James" ;  came  under  contract  with  Sir  Richard  Saltonstall  and  others,  to  keep 
their  cattle  for  them  ;  made  freeman  of  Boston,  17  May,  1637  ;  rem.  to  Hamp- 
ton, 11  July,  1651  ;  rem.  to  Nantucket  before  1663  ;  m.  first,  Susanna  , 

who  d.  17  Nov.,  1650  ;  second,  Mary  Johnson,  (widow  of  Edmund),  who  d.  30 
Jan.,  1663  ;  third,  Marjery  Fowler,  (dau.  of  Philip,  and  widow  of  Thos.  Rowell 
of  Andover,  previously  the  widow  of  Christopher  Osgood,  1st) ;  said  to  have 
spelled  his  name  Coultman.  but  an  e  was  prob.  mistaken  for  a  t.  [Savage's 
Oeneai.  Diet.].  Thomas  hadch.: 
I.  TOBIAS,  b.  1638.  m.  a  Rowley  :  had  ch. : 

Coleman  295 

(I).  JABEZ,  b.  37  May,  1668  ;  Wiled  by  the  Indians. 
(II).  SARAH,  b.  17  June,  1670. 
(III).  THOMAS,  b.  36  March,  1673. 

(IV).  LYDIA,  b. . 

(V).  DEBORAH,  b.  25  May,  1676. 
(VID.  JUT) AH. 
H.  BENJAMIN,  b.  1  May,  1640. 

in.  JOSEPH,  b.  3  Dec.,  1642,  m.  Ann  Bunker,  (dau.  of  George) ;  had  ch.: 
(I).  JOSEPH,  b.  17  Nov.,  1673  ;  died  young. 
(ID.  ANN,  b.  10  Nov.,  1675,  d.  1690. 
IV.  JOHN,  b.   1644,  d.  1716,  m.  Joanna  Folger,  (dau.  of  Peter),  d.  18  July, 
1719  ;  had  ch. : 
(D-  JOHN,  b.  3  Aug.,  1667. 
(ID.  THOMAS,  b.  17  Oct.,  1669. 
(IID.  ISAAC,  b.  6  Feb.,  1673. 
(IV).  PHEBE,  b.  15  June,  1674. 
(V).  BENJAMIN,  b.  17  June,  1677. 
(VI).  ABIGAIL,  a  twin  to  Benjamin. 
V.  ISAAC,  b.  20  Feb.,  1647,  drowned  6  June,  1669. 

THOMAS,  d.  1674;  at  Wethersfleld,  1639  ;  representative,  1653  and  6  ;  removed  to 
Hadley  and  made  freeman  there,  1661  ;  has  property  at  Evesham.  Worcester- 
shire, [England  T\\  m.  first,  ;  second,  Francis  Welles.     [Savage's  Geneat. 

Diet.].     Thomas  had  eh.: 
I.  JOHN,  at  Hatfield  where  he  is  made  freeman.  1672  ;  freeman  of  Conn., 
1658  ;  prob.  rem.  to  Hatfield.  1659  ;  m.  for  third  wife  Mary  Day,  idau.  of 
Robert  and  widow  of  Thomas  Stebbins  and  Samuel  Ely) ;  had  eh. : 
(I).  THOMAS,  b.  1664. 
(II).  HANNAH,  b.  1667. 
(III).  JOHN,  b.  1669. 
(IV).  NOAH,  b.  1671. 
(V).  SARAH,  b.  1673. 

(VI).  BETHIA,  b.  1676,  killed  with  her  mother,  1677. 
(VIH).  NATHANIEL,  b.  1684. 
II.  NOAH,  made  freeman  of  Hadley,  1671,  d.  1676,  m.  Mary  Crow,  (dau.  of 
John) ;  had  7  children,  of  which  6  died  young. 

Colemans  op  Morris  County,  N.  J. 
SAMUEL  COLEMAN,  his  will,  "  Roxbury,"  1773,  June  16,  prob.  July  39  (Trenton 
Liber  L  fol.  10),  names  wife  Rebecca  and  fifteen  children  ;  he  was  born  1705, 
d.  1773,  at  67.  She  was  born  1723,  d.  1776,  at  54,  both  buried  at  Chester.  Morri3 
Co. ;  bis  will  speaks  of  land  at  Blooming  Grove,  Orange  Co.,  N.  Y.,  as  obtained 
by  deed,  1743,  Nov.  17,  from  which  we  presume  there  was  some  connection 
between  his  family  and  the  Colemans  of  Orange  Co. ;  had  ch. : 

296  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

I.  SAMUEL,  letters  of  adm.  of  est.  of  Samuel,  deceased,  granted  to  Abigail,. 

1777,  June  17  ;  she  left  will,  1777,  Aug.  3,  prob.  Aug.  11,  which  names  ch.: 
(I).  WILLIAM,  (not  21). 
(II).  LUCRETIA  Reeve, 
ail).  JOANNA. 
(IV).  AGNIS. 
(V).  SARAH. 

(VI).  MARY,  will  also  names  "  my  brother,"  Samuel  Pen  (Pew),  and  "my 
friend,"  Benjamin  Corwin. 
in.  WILLIAM. 

IV.  NATHANIEL,  voter  in  Roxbury,  1776. 
V.  EPHRAIM,  leaves  will,  "Roxbury,"  1769,  Sept.  28,  prob.  Nov.  3  ;  had 
wife,  Susanna,  and  children  : 
(IV).  SARAH. 
(V).  PENELOPE;  "wife  pregnant." 
VIII.  JOHN,  prob.  had  ch. : 

(I).  BENJAMIN,  of  Draketown,  whose  heirs,  or  children,  sign  deeds 
1803-5  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  John. 

2.  Hannah,  wife  of  John  Swegle. 

3.  Anna,  wife  of  John  Wolfe. 

4.  Sarah,  wife  of  Nathan  Sutton. 

IX.  JOSHUA,  prob.  died>.t  ".Walpack,  Goshen,"  where  his  will  is  dated  1763, 
Aug.  16,  prob.  Oct.  15.    He  names  wife,  Sarah,  and  children  : 
(I).  JOSHUA. 
(HI).  JOEL,  (or  Jose). 
(VI).  ISAAC. 
(X).  LYDIA. 
(XI).  JOAB. 
JOSEPH,  (his  father  moved  West  and  his  name  is  forgotten),  m.  Rachel  and  hadch.; 
I.  ELISABETH,  b.  1760,  Jan.  3,  d.  1831,  Jan.  3,  m.  Barnabas  Horton,  (s.  of 
Elijah) ;  had  only  son  Nathan  Corwin. 

II.  JOAB,  unmarried. 

Coleman — Colver  297 

m.  ASA.. 

V.  JOSEPH,  b.  1773,  Dec.  17,  d.  1942,  March  31,  at  68  yrs.,  2  mos.  and  14  dys., 

m.  1797,  Dec.  7,  Ruth  Mills,  (dau.  of  Capt.  Jedidiah),  b.  1776,  March  8.  d. 
1854,  Dec.  14,  at  78  yrs.,  9  mo6.  and  6  dys. ;  both  buried  at  Chester,  N.  J., 
where  they  resided  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Jedidiah  M.,  m.   1820,  Aug.   20,   Elisabeth  Bockover,   (dau.  of 

Abram) ;  rem.  to  N.  Y.  State. 

2.  Charles,  m.  Lena  Trimmer,. (dan  of  John  who  was  son  of  Mat- 

thias 1st) ;  rem.  to  Hackettstown. 

3.  Sarah,  m.  James  H.  Coleman  ;  rem.  to  N.  Y.  State. 

4.  Stephen  R.,  b.  1808,  March  18,  d.  1868,  Dec.  24,  at  60  yrs.,  9  mos. 

and  6  dys.,  m.  Sarah  Larason,  (dau.  of  William),  b.  1806,  March 
25,  d.  1840,  Sept.  27,  at  34  yrs.,  6  mos.  and  2  dys. ;  had  ch. : 
(1).  Theodore,  m.  Ellenor  Todd.  idau.  of  William  I ;  resided  at 
Cherry  Valley  ;  had  children  : 

(a).  John.  m.  Sarah  Bartlebus.  at  Newark. 

(b).  William,  m.  Catharine  VTiet,  near  Chester. 

(c).  Stephen,  m.  Mary  Crater,  (dau.  of  Johni,  atN.  Y. 

(d).  Jennie. 
(2) .  William,  m.  Elmira  Trimmer  :  res.  at  Flanders. 
(3).  Henry  M.,  m.  Jennie  Chesnut  ;  rem.  to  Iowa. 
(4).  Martha  Jane,  m.  Sylvanus  D.  Budd  ;  res.  at  Budd's  Lake. 

VI.  JOHN,  b.  23  Feb.,  1779,  d.  23  Jan.,  1812,  at  32  yrs.  and  11  mos. 
VLI.  SIDNEY,  b.  19  Sept..  1781,  d.  22  Sept.,  1798,  at  17. 
Miscellaneous — Timothy  Coleman,  of  Trenton,  b.  about  1750  :  had  Timothy; 

John,  b.  1779  ;  Sarah,  m.  Elias  Smith.     {Settlers  of  Trenton  and  Ewing). 


JOHN  COLVER.  (Culver!  was  the  oldest  settler  in  this  part  of  Morris  Co.,  of  which 
we  have  any  record.  His  will  was  dated,  2  Dec,  1732,  at  "  Black  River.  Hunt. 
Co.,  N.  J."  John  Bell  was  a  witness  to  this  will  and  also  Seth  Smith,  a  woman. 
The  history  of  the  Colver  family  is  especially  interesting  also  on  account  of 
their  peculiar  religious  tenets  and  practices.  They  were  leaders  of  the  sect  of 
Rogerines  and  brought  with  them  from  New  London,  Conn.,  to  this  vicinity  a 
number  of  people.  21  in  all.  who  shared  in  their  particular  doctrines.  John 
Colver  is  said  to  have  come  hither  with  a  wife  and  family  of  ten  children.  He 
died  here  in  1733,  mentioning  only  2  children  in  his  will.  The  whole  family 
seem  to  have  moved  away,  one  son  Jabez  going  to  Wantage  twp.,  Sussex  Co., 
and  the  rest  to  Monmouth  Co.  Afterwards,  however,  the  other  son  of  John, 
viz.  John  2d,  with  his  two  sons,  Thomas  and  Robert,  returned  to  Schooley's 
Mountain.  In  1748,  Robert.  "  of  Monmouth  Co.''  buys  a  farm  of  Wm.  Cook, 
part  of  which  is  now  owned  by  Mrs.  William  Martenis  and  contains  the  Colver 
graves.  The  other  son  of  John,  viz.  Thomas,  bought  land,  1749,  near  Drakes- 
town,  Morns  Co.,  N.  J.,  from  whence  his  grandson,  David,  went  to  Lafayette. 
From  Hinman's  Early  Settlers  of  Conn.,  p.  773,  and  History  of  Southampton, 
p.  '228,  and  History  of  Sew  London.  Conn.,  we  compile  the  following  : 

EDWARD  Colver,  of  Dedham,  Mass. ;  has  grant  of  land  at  Pequot,  1653  ;  became 
baker  and  brewer  in  New  London  ;  in  1664  found  at  Mystic,  where  he  had 

8  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

received  a  grant  of  land  in  1652  ;  had  ch. : 
I.  JOHN,  the  son  of  Edward,  bap.  15  April,  1640  ;  res.  for  some  time  in  New 
Haven,  where  his  dau.,  Abigail,  was  born  ;  after  which  he  returned  to 
Mystic.  In  1734,  [before  1732  T]  a  party  of  Rogerines  at  New  London, 
consisting  of  John  Culver,  his  wife  and  ten  children,  with  their  families, 
being  21  in  all,  removed  to  the  west  side  of  Schooley's  Mountain,  N.  J. ; 
had  at  least  four  children  : 

(I).  JOHN,  the  son  of  John,  b.  1670,  d.  Dec.,  1760,  at  90  ;  buried  on  Mrs. 
Martenis  place,  Schooley'6  Mountain,  N.  J.,  m.  Sara  Winthrop, 
dau.  of  Gov.  Winthrop,  b.  1683,  d.  March,  1766,  at  83  ;  had  ch., 
Thomas  and  Robert  : 

1.  Thomas,  s.  of  John  and  Sarah  Winthrop,  bought  200  acres  in  1749 

of  Thomas  Bat6on,  near  Drakestown,  N.  J.;  will,  prob.  27  Sept., 

1780,  names  five  children  : 

(1).  Amos,  his  will  prob.  4  June,  1810,  Morris  Co.,  names  ch. : 
^47nos;  Thomas;  John;  Jerusha,  m.  an  Andrews  ;  Esther, 
m.  a  Daball  ;  Anna,  m.  a  Woodworth  ;  Hannah,  m.  a 

(2).  SraoK,  b.  1745,  d.  11  July,  1828,  m.  Jemima  Tuttle,  b.  30 
June,  1752,  d.  2  Nov.,  1843  ;  went  through  Revolutionary 
War  ;  will,  prob.  Aug.  13, 1828,  names  7  children  :  George ; 
David,  b.  1787,  d.  1878,  m.  1809,  Mary  Meyers,  (dau.  of 
Jacob),  and  went  to  Lafayette,  Sussex  Co.,  N.  J.,  in  1844  ; 
Sallie  ;  Elisabeth ;  Irena  ;  Lidy  ;  Amos. 

(3).  Thomas,  Jr. 

(4).  Ephraim,  perh.  Town  Clerk  Knowlton  twp.,  Warren  Co., 
N.  J.,  1789-94  ;  had  a  son  Thomas. 

(5).  Lydia,  m.  a  Winkler. 

2.  Robert,  the  second  son  of  John  2d,  and  Sarah  Winthrop,  came 

from  Monmouth  Co.,  when  he  bought  265  acres,  on  Schooley's 

Mountain,  of  Wm.  Cook,  b.  1714,  d.  7  May,  1783,  at  69  ;  his  will 

(Trenton  Lib.  M,  fol.  181),  Jan.  1,  prob.  June  16, 1783,  names  wife 

Anne  and  eight  children  : 

(1).  David. 

(2).  Timothy. 

(3).  Joseph,  b.  3  June,  1765,  d.  15  March,  1849,  at  83,  m.  Sarah, 
b.  17  June,  1766,  d.  13  April,  1858  ;  had  ch.:  Catherine  ; 
Jacob,  b.  4  May,  1801,  and  res.  Belvidere  ;  Sarah,  b.  7  Mar., 
1804  ;  Hazelius,  ("  Zealous")  b.  13  July,  1810  ;  Electra,  b.  5 
Dec,  1812,  m.  a  Person  ;  Robert,  m.  a  Meeker  and  lived  on 
Lawrence  Hunt's  place  ;  Elisabeth,  m.  a  Donahue  ;  Martha, 
m.  Simon  Wyckoff,  and  had  Charity  Rose,  Sarah  Loder, 
Caleb  and  Elisabeth. 

(4).  Robert,  Jr. 

(5).  Mercy,  m.  a  Hill. 

(6) .  Anne,  m.  a  Waeir. 

(7).  Levinah,  m.  Frederick  Saverin  (Sovreen). 

(8) .  Esther,  m.  Jacob  Hann,  (s.  of  William  and  Elsie) . 
(II).  ABIGAIL,  b.  1676. 
(1X1).  JAMES,  b.  1679. 


(IV).  JABESH,  gave  a  mortgage,  5  Aug.,  1774,  on  land  on  "east  side  of 
Minnesink  Mountain,"  Sussex  Co.,  N.  J.    The  rest  of  the  ten  chil- 
dren of  John  are  unknown, 
n.  JOSHUA,  bap.  12  Jan.,  1643. 
DJ.  SAMUEL,  bap.  9  Jan.,  1645. 

IV.  GERSHOM,  bap.  at  Roxbury,  Mass.,  Dec.,  1648  ;  found  at  Southampton, 
L.  I.,  1668  ;  his  will,  prob.  2  July,  1716,  names  wife  Mary  and  children, 
Jeremiah,  David,  Jonathan,  Moses,  Mary,  Gershom. 
V.  JOSEPH,  bap.  at  Roxbury,  Mass.,  Dec.,  1648. 

VL  HANNAH,  bap.  at  Roxbury,  Mass.,  11  April,  1651,  m.  14  Dec,  1670,  John 
VII.  EDWARD  (?)  settled  Lebanon,  Conn.,  1700. 


JOHN  CONDICT,  d.  1713  ;  a  weaver,  came  with  his  son  from  Wales,  his  first  wife 
having  died,  to  Newark  in  1678  ;  m.  second,  Deborah  ;  had  two  ch.,  John,  who 
died  young,  and  Peter. 

I.  PETER,  a  clothier,  b. ,  d.  1714,  leaving  a  wid.  and  seven  children  : 

(I).  SAMUEL,  b.  1696,  d.  1777,  m.  first,  Mary  Dodd  ;  second,  Mary  Nut- 
man  ;  res.  in  Orange. 
(II).  PETER,  2d,  b.  1699,  d.  1768,  m.  Phebe  Dodd  ;  rem.  to  Morristown 
about  1730  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Joseph. 

2.  Nathaniel. 

3.  Silas,  b.  1737,  d.  Sept.,  1801,  m.  first,  Phebe  Day  ;  second,  Abigail 

Byram,  (dau.  of  Ebenezer). 

4.  Ebenezer,  m.  Huldah  Byram,  (dau.  of  Ebenezer,  of  Mendham). 

5.  Peter,  3d,  b. ,  d.  1775,  m.  Anna  Byram,  (dau.  of  Ebenezer.  of 

Mendham) ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  Edward,  b.  1769. 
(2).  Byram,  b.  1771. 
(3).  Lewis,  b.  1773. 

6.  Sarah,  m.  a  Hayward. 

7.  Rhoda,  m.  a  Prudden. 

8.  Phebe,  m.  an  Axtell. 


Two  famihes  of  different  origin  spell  their  name  alike  and  both  resided  in  the 
same  part  of  Hunterdon  Co.  They  were  the  Dutch  family,  Cool,  properly  spelled 
Kool,  and  the  German  family  Cool,  Cole,  Kohl,  Knhls,  Koul,  Keiel  and  perh.  Kaul. 

Cools  from  Holland. 
BARENT  JACOBSEN  KOOL,  in  1633,  was  in  New  Amsterdam  in  the  employ  of 
the  West  India  Company.  The  genealogy  of  this  family  was  prepared  and 
published,  New  York,  1876,  by  Rev.  David  Cole,  D.D.  It  contains  all  of  the 
family  with  the  exception  of  that  branch,  which  came  to  Readington  from 
Kingston.  We  therefore  give  the  latter  here.  Barent's  family  was  one  of  five 
families  living,  8  June  1633,  on  Bridge  street,  New  Amsterdam.  He  married 
Marretje  Leenderts  and  had  children  : 
I.  JACOB  BARENTS,  prob.  b.  in  Holland,  m.  Marretje  (Mary)  Simons  ;  rem. 

300  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

to  Esopus,  near  Kingston,  N.  T. 
II.  AELTJE,  bap.  23  Sept.,  1640,  m.  12  Sept.,  1660,  Paulus  Turck. 

III.  DIEVERTJE,  bap.  Feb.,  1643. 

IV.  APOLLONIA,  bap.  29  Jan.,  1645,  m.  16  Oct.,  1664,  Wm.  Vredenburgh. 
V.  LEENDERT,  bap.  IDec.,  1647,  m.  Marretje  Cornehs,  rem.  to  Kingston, 

New  York. 
VI.  ARENT,  1st,  bap.  9  Oct.,  1650,  prob.  died  young. 

VII.  THEUNIS,  (Tunis  or  Anthony),  bap.  17  Aug.,  1653,  m.  first,  12  Jan.,  1676, 

Marretje  Gerrits  (widow) ;  second,  22  Nov.,  1696.  Willemje  Langen  ;  rem. 

to  Kingston,  N.  T. ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  TEUNIS,  bap.  18  Sept.,  1697,  m.  24  Dec,  1720,  Zara  (Sarah)  Biks, 
(prob.  dau.  John  Biggs);  rem.  to  Hunterdon  Co.,  N.  J.,  at  some 
time  after  1724,  when  he  had  a  child  baptised  at  Kingston  :  had  7 
children,  (whose  children  were  all  baptised  at  Readington,  N.  J.) : 

1.  Jan.  (John)  bap.  Kingston,  5  Nov.,  1721,  m.  prob.  in  N.  J.,  Marritje 

Low  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  Jan,  (John)  bap.  1  April,  1753. 

(2).  Teunis,  (Anthony)  bap.  13  April,  1755. 

(3).  Elisabeth,  bap.  24  May,  1759. 

(4i.  Benjamin,  bap.  3  Oct.,  1762. 

2.  Thammas,  (Thomas)  bap.  Kingston,  5  Nov.,  1721,  m.  prob.  Leentje 

(Lena)  Van  Etten  ;  prob.  had  ch. : 

(11.  Saertje.  (Sarah)  bap.  3  Feb.,  1745. 

(2).  Thomas,  bap.  1  Sept.,  1747. 

(3).  Thomas,  bap.  Sept.,  1751. 

(4).  Thomas;  bap.  25  June,  1765. 

3.  Benjamin,  bap.  4  Oct.,  1724,  m.  Geertje  (Gertrude);  had  ch.: 

(1).  Saertje,  bap.  11  March,  1753. 
(2).  Rachel,  bap.  6  June,  1756. 

4.  David,  m.  Margrietje  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  Davtd,  bap.  21  March,  1756. 

5.  Ezekiel,  m.  Lena  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  Marije.  bap.  13  Sept.,  1767. 
<2>.  Ezekiel,  bap.  30  July,  1769. 
(3).  Sarah,  bap.  27  Jan.,  1771. 
(4|.  Lena,  bap.  13  Dec.,  1772. 

6.  Isaiah,  bap.  July,  1742,  m.  Sara  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  Tiunes,  (Tunis,  Anthony),  bap.  24  Sept.,  1766. 
(2).  Marije,  bap.  17  Dec.,  1769. 

7.  Tunis,  m.  Elisabeth  ;  had  ch.: 

(1).  Sara,  bap.  26  Dec.,  1754. 

(2).  Elisabeth,  bap.  8  June,  1760. 

8.  Perhaps  also  Simon,  m.  Marija  ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  Willem,  bap.  7  Sept.,  1766. 

(2).  Fred.  bap.  8  April,  1770. 
(ID.  ARI,  bap.  11  June,  1699. 
ail).  B ARENT,  bap.  23  Feb.,  1701. 
(TV).  FRANS,  bap.  25  Oct.,  1702. 

VIII.  ARENT,  2d,  bap.  10  Oct.,  1655. 
IX.  FD3TER,  bap.  29  Aug.,  1657. 

Cool  301 

Cools  prom  Germany. 
CONRAD  Cool,  (prob.  misspelled,  Koenrat  Keiel),  was  naturalized  July,  1730. 
CHRISTIAN  KULE  (Kuhlor  Cool)  was  naturalized,  Oct.,  1754  ;  his  will,  "Am- 
well,"  April  10,  prob.  Aug.  27,  1770,  names  ''my  two  nephews  Crest  and  Paul," 
and  children  : 

II.   WILLIAM,  whose  will,  "  Knowlton,"  Jan. 6,  prob.  Dec.  21, 1815, names ch. : 
(I).  WILLIAM,  prob.  b.  1766,  d.  7  Oct.,  1824,  at  58,  m.  Mary,  b.  1793,  d. 

3  April,  1875. 
(LT).  ADAM,  m.  Abigail ;  had  ch.:     William,  b.  1796,  d.  11  Aug.,  1799. 
(HI).  PAUL,  m.  Susanna,  b.  26  June,  1774,  d.  6  March,  1845. 

(IV).  ANNA,  m. Raub. 

(V).  MARY,  m.  [John]  Linaberry. 

(VI).  CATHERINE,  m. Swazey. 

(VHTi.  ELISABETH,  m.  a  Teel. 

(IX).  MARGARET,  m.  Frees. 

HI.  PHILIP,  m.  Eva  ;  had  ch.,  bap.  at  Lebanon  and  Alexandria  : 
ll).  ANNA  EVA,  b.  23  May,  1763. 
(II).  MARY,  b.  6  Feb.,  1770. 
TV.  CREST,.  (Christian) ;  perhaps  had  children  : 

(I).  CHRISTIAN,  of  Franklin  twp.,  Warren  Co. ;  his  widow  living  1881; 
had  children  : 

1.  John. 

2.  Stauffle,  (Christopher  or  Christian) . 

3.  William. 

4.  Samuel,  living  on  the  homestead. 

5.  James. 

6.  Jacob. 

7.  Margaret. 

8.  Elisabeth. 

9.  Mary. 

10.  Catharine. 
V.  PAUL. 
PAUL,  prob.  brother  of  Christian  ;  perhaps  had  ch. : 

I.  LEONARD,  whose  will,  "Amwell,"  10  Aug.,  prob.  28  Oct.,  1793,  names 
wife  Catherine  and  ch. : 
1 1).  PAUL. 
(IV).  MARY,  m.  George  Dills. 
(V).  ANNA. 

(VHD.  SARAH,  and  witnesses,  Peter  and  Jacob  Dilts. 
Mr.  Harvey  S.  Cool,  butcher,  of  German  Valley,  is  a  son  of  John,  whose 
f ather  m.  Anna  Hoffman,   idau.  Henry  and  Gertrudei,  and  who  had  two  sisters, 

302  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Mary  and  Sarah.    Louisa  and  Mary,  wid.  of  Geo.  Dufford,  are  sisters  of  Harvey. 

Miscellaneous — Michel,  of  Lebanon,  m.  Magdalena  ;  had ch. :  (1).  Johannes, 
b.  18  May,  1769  ;  (2).  Christina,  b.  11  Sept.,  1771  ;  (3).  Jacob,  b.  22  Oct.,  1779. 
William,  m.  Era  and  had  three  children  :  (1).  William,  b.  15  April,  1747,  m. 
Sarah  Post,  (dau.  of  John)  and  had  Mrs.  Heath,  b.  24  July,  1797,  d.  26  July,  1802  ; 
(2).  Isaac;  (3).  Mary. 


JOHN,  of  Lynn,  came  over  from  England,  in  1635,  in  the  "Hopewell,"  aged  41, 
with  wife  Wibroe  and  children,  Mary,  aged  13  ;  John,  10  ;  Thomas,  7  and 
Martha,  5.  He  was  from  Olney  in  Buckinghamshire.  He  was  one  of  the  20 
heads  of  families,  who  formed  the  association  for  the  settlement  of  Southamp- 
ton in  1639.  He  was  made  a  freeman  of  Boston,  6  Dec.,  1636  ;  one  of  the  elders 
of  the  church,  when  it  was  organized  at  Lynn,  and,  in  1638,  owned  200  acres  in 
that  town.  He  was  not  the  same  as  John  Cooper  of  New  Haven  in  1638, 
because  that  John  Cooper  had  no  son  Thomas,  while  we  can  trace  at  Southamp- 
ton every  one  of  the  children  of  Thomas  the  son  of  John.  Three  daughters  m. 
Thomas  Topping,  John  Topping  and  James  or  John  White.  (Savage's  Geneal. 
JOHN,  2d,  son  of  John  1st,  was  b.  1625,  d.  1677,  m.  Sarah  and  had  ch.:    Samuel, 

James  and  Thomas. 
JAMES,  son  of  John  2d,  was  b.  1650,  d.  c'  out  1722  ;  had  ch. :    Nathan,  James, 
Elisabeth,  Richard,  Susannah,  and  Hannah,  who  married  Thomas  Stephens. 
NATHAN,  prob.  son  of  James,  m.  8  Oct.,  1717,  Mary  Miller,  purchased  600  acres 
at  Roxiticus,  Morris  Co. ;  first  settled  on  the  James  Frost  farm  ;  had  ch. : 
I.  MARY,  bap.  East  Hampton,  1724. 

II.  NATHAN,  b.  Feb.  22, 1725,  bap.  East  Hampton,  Mar.  7,  1725,  d.  Dec.  30, 
1797,  m.  Mehitable  Seward,  (dau.  of  Obadiah),  in  1748  ;  she  d.  April  15, 
1812,  (her  will  prob.  April  80,  1812) ;  Nathan's  will  was  dated,  Roxbury, 
Dec.  28, 1797,  prob.  Feb.  1,  1798  ;  had  six  children : 

(I).  ABRAHAM,  b.  Feb.  18,  1762,  d.  Sept.  13,  1818,  m.  Nancy  Wills  in 
1799  ;  she  d.  April  24,  1856  ;  will  dated  Sept.  8,  1818,  prob.  Oct.  5, 
1818  ;  res.  at  Chester,  N.  J. ;  had  two  children  : 

1.  Beulah  Ann,  m.  Henry  Seward  from  Goshen. 

2.  Gen.  Nathan  A.,  b.  April  29.  1802,  d.  July  25,  1879,  m.  1843,  Mary 

Henrietta  Liddell ;  had  ch. : 

(1).  AnnaE. 

(2).  Ab&am  W. 

(3).  Beulah  S. 

(4).  Wart  L. 

(5).  Tillie  R. 

(6).  Laura  H. 

(7).  Nathan  A. 
(II) .  NATHAN,  m.  Elisabeth  Wills  ;  res.  next  to  the  old  place  ;  had  one 
child,  Sarah,  who  married  in  New  York. 

(III).  SAMUEL,  m.  first, ;  second,  Betsey  Brown,  sister  to  Stephen 

and  Nathan  Brown  ;  res.  between  Chester  and  Feapack  ;  had  ch. : 
Mulford,  thrown  from  a  horw  ;  Samuel,  m.  Temperance  Crammer; 
Obadiah  ;  Daniel ;  Charlotte ;  Elisabeth,  m.  a  Bunn  ;  Mehitable, 
m.  a  Bunn  ;  Mercy,  m.  Peter  Bunn  ;  Abide,  m.  a  Van  Dike  ;  Mary, 

Cooper — Corwin  303 

ra.  a  Hunt ;  Harriet,  m.  Daniel  Losey. 
(IV) — (VI).  Names  unknown. 

III.  ELISABETH,  bap.  at  East  Hampton,  1734. 

IV.  HANNAH,  bap.  1728. 

V.  JAMES,  prob.  s.  of  Nathan,  gave  a  mortgage,  1770,  to  Wm.  Allen  on  96 
acres  in  "  Breeches  Tract,"  next  to  Moses  Cooper. 
VI.  MOSES,  prob.  s.  of  Nathan. 

Miscellaneous — DANIEL  COOPER,  of  Passaic  Valley,  was  b.  at  sea,  1  May, 
1695,  m.  first,  Grace  Runyon  and  afterwards  five  other  wives  ;  had  ten  children  ; 
bought  lot  No.  2,  500  acres,  of  the  Berkeley  tract.  Letters  of  adm.  of  the  est.  of 
SAMUEL,  deceased,  were  granted,  22  Aug.,  1737,  to  his  wife  Experience.  JOHN, 
whose  will,  Newark,  16  Nov.,  1732,  prob.  11  March,  1737,  names  wife  Hannah  and 
sons-in-law  Jonathan,  Thomas  and  Daniel  Sergeant,  brother  Samuel,  sisters  Sarah 
Woodruff,  Mary  Ward  and  Elisabeth  Fraysey. 


MATTHIAS,  Corwin  (Curwin  or  Currin),  b.  between  1590  and  1600,  d.  l-12th  of 
Sept.,  1658  ;  appears  at  Ipswich,  1634  ;  came  to  Southold,  L.  I.,  1640,  in  the 
company  led  by  Rev.  John  Youngs.  The  genealogy  of  the  Corwin  family  has 
been  prepared  and  published  by  Dr.  E.  T.  Corwin,  D.  D.,  now  of  New  Bruns- 
wick, N.  J.  We  take  from  his  work  the  families  that  belong  to  our  vicinity. 
The  Warren  and  Sussex  Co.  families,  descended  from  Joseph  of  Hopewell, 
Hunt.  Co.,  however,  have  never  before  been  published.  Matthias  m.  Margaret 
[Morton  ?];  had  oh.:  John,  Martha  and  Theophilus. 
JOHN,  1st,  the  son  of  Matthias,  b.  about  1630,  d.  25  Sept.,  1702,  m.  4  Feb.,  1658, 
Mary  Glover,  (dau.  of  Charles) ;  had  ch. :  John,  Matthias,  Samuel,  Sarah, 
Rebecca,  Hannah,  Abigail,  Mary. 
JOHN  2d.  son  of  John  1st,  called  "Captain,"  b.  1663,  d.  13  Dec.,  1729,  m.  before 

1698,  Sarah  ;  had  ch. :     Benjamin,  John,  David,  Sarah,  Elisabeth,  Hester. 
JOHN  3d,  son  of  John  2d,  b.  10  July,  1705,  d.  22  Dec.,  17.55,  m.  first,  Hester  Clark  ; 
second,  Elisabeth  Goldsmith  ;  res.  1%  miles  east  of  Mattituck,  Southold  twp. , 
L.  I. ;  had  ch. :    John,  William,  James,  Sarah  and  Elisabeth. 
WILLIAM,  son  of  John  3d,  b.  21  Feb.,  1744,  d.  1  Dec.,  1818,  m.  14  Jan.  1768,  Han- 
nah Reeves,  of  Mattituck,  L.  L,  who  was  b.  23  May,  1747,  d.  1840.     William 
came  to  Roxbury  (now  Chester)  about  1774  ;  was  soldier  in  French  and  Indian 
war  ;  Lieutenant  in  the  Revolutionary  army  ;  Representative  in  the  New  Jer- 
sey Legislature  ;  res.  originally  ljj  miles  north  Chester  ;  takes  mortgage  in 
1776,  of  John  Dickerson,  Roxbury,  N.  J.,  on  land  on  the  Black  River,  next  to 
Joseph  Corwin  ;  in  1800  buys  111  acres  of  Aaron  Stark  in  Roxbury  ;  had  ch. : 
L  JOHN  CALVLN,  b.  21  Oct.,  1768,  d.  6  June,  1849,  m.  first,  Deborah  Terry, 
b.  27  Dec.,  1767,  d.  30  Jan.,  1791  ;  second,  Elisabeth  M  Vance,  b.  1786,  d. 
17  April,  1871:  hadch.: 
(I).  ELIAS. 
(IID.  JOHN  B. 
(V).  ELIZA. 
(VI).  SARAH. 
II.  SARAH,  b.  13  Jan.,  1771,  m.  Jabez  Kelsey. 

•jo4  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

III.  HANNAH,  b.  28  March,  1773,  m.  8  Jan.,  1795,  Jeremiah  Woodhull,  (s.  of 

William  and  Elisabeth  Hedges). 

IV.  "WILLIAM,  b.  9  Oct.,  1776,  m.  Martha  Vance  ;  res.  at  Sparta,  N.  J.,  and 

New  York  City  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  JOSEPH. 
Oil).  ELIZA  A. 
V.  JAMES,  b.  21  April,  1779,  m.  first,  Margaret  Cameron  ;  second,  Elisabeth 
Smith,  (widow  of  James  Mallory,  of  N.  Y.) ;  res.  in  N.  Y.  from  1805-1820; 
had  ch. : 
(I).  GEORGE. 
(II).  ANN  E. 
(V).  JAMES. 
VI.  JOSEPH,  b.  6  July.  1781,  d.  23  Sept.,  1801,  in  Chester. 
VII.  NATHANIEL,  b.  26  Sept.,  1783,  d.  24  Feb.,  1849,  m.  first,  Elisabeth  Hor 
ton.  (dau.  of  Barnabas) ;  second,  a  Monroe  ;  third,  Adaline  Pickle  ;  fourth, 
Sarah  Bell  :  had  children  all  by  first  wife  : 
(I).  WILLIAM  H.  H. 
VIII.  ELISABETH,  b.  6  Dec,  1785,  d.  27  Dec.,  1860,  m.  Henry  Halsey. 
LX.  DANIEL,  b.  13  April,  178S,  m.  first,  Mary  Hammill  ;  second,  Elisabeth 
Hammill  ;   third,  Elisabeth  Sprinning  ;  fourth,  Elisabeth  Brace  ;  rem. 
to  Oxford,  Ohio  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  DANIEL. 
(111).  MARY  J. 
(VI).  SARAH. 
X.  EBENEZER,  b.  12  Oct.,  1790,  d.  8  April,  1851,  m.  first,  Elisabeth  Skellin- 

ger  ;  second,  a  Hatch  :  rem.  to  Pottersville,  Ohio. 
XI,  JOSHUA  GOLDSMITH,  b.  4  Feb.,  1793.  d.  9  Nov.,  1867,  m.   Elisabeth 
Fordham.  (dau.  of  Rev.  Lenas; ;  res.  at  Succasunna  :  had  ch. : 
(I).  MARY  A. 
(II).  LEMUEL  F. 
THEOPHILUS,  a  brother  of  John  1st  and  another  son  of  Matthias,  the  emigrant, 
b.  1634,  d.  1692   (?),  m.  Mary  ;   had  ch. :    Daniel,   Theophilus,  David,  Mary, 
Mehitable,  Bethia,  Phebe. 
THEOPHILUS  2d.  son  of  Theophilus,  b.  1678,  d.  18  March,  1762,  m.  Hannah  Ram- 
sey, b.  1684,  d.  11  March,  1760  :  res.  Mattituck,  L.  I. ;  had  ch. :     Timothy,  John 
and  Samuel. 
SAMUEL,  s.  of  Theophilus  2d,b.  1710  (?),  d.  Jan.,  1762,  m.  Experience  Corwin,  13 
April,  1732  ;  res.  at  Southold,  L.  I.;  had  ch. :     Benjamin,  Henry,  Sarah,  (died 
youngi,  David,  Samuel,  (died  young),  Sarah.  Samuel,  Asa. 

CORWIN  305 

BENJAMIN,  s.  of  Samuel  and  Experience,  b.  1733,  d.  18  April,  1787,  m.  Mary  : 
rem.  to  Roxbury,  now  Chester,  N.  J.,  where  he  is  buried  ;  had  ch. : 



V.  BENJAMIN,  b.  1750.  d.  1830,  m.  Hannah  ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  JOSEPH,  b.  1770-90  ;  res.  in  Morris  Co. 
(II).  SARAH,  b.  1783,  d.  1865(!),  unmarried. 
(III).  MARY,  b.  1770,  d.  1790,  m.  Joshua  Case. 
(IV).  ELISABETH,  b.  1780-90,  m.  Jabez  Coleman. 
(V).  SUSAN  G.,  b.  6  July,  1786,  d.  13  March,  1860,  m.  John  Honnell.  of 
Succasunna,  b.  30  March.  1791 ;  had  ch. : 
1.  William  C.  Honnell. 

3.  Benjamin  B.  Honnell. 
8.  Adam  S.  Honnell. 

4.  John  A.  Honnell. 

5.  Mart  E.  Honnell. 

(VI).  RUHAMA.  b.  1789,  d.  1857  ;  unmarried. 

1 VII).  HANNAH,  b.  1791  (!).  ,„,„„„ 

(VIII).  BENJAMIN,  b.  1793,  d.  1848,  m.  first,  SusanDickerson  ;  second,  Lois 
Young  ;  third,  Mary  Hicks  ;  had  ch. : 
1.  Sarah  E.  -m. !)»-"'«'  tkordovi 
3.  John.d 

3.  Eliza  E. 

4.  Lewis  D. 

5.  Ann  A. 
iX).  JOHN. 

VI.  JOSEPH,  b.  1750  (0,  d.  1833  ;  had  land  on  Black  River,  as  early  as  1767  ; 

had  ch. : 

(I).  SOPHIA,  b.  36  Aug.,  1778,  d.  33  March,  1853,  m.  Augustus  Reed.  b. 

7  Oct.,  1793,  d.  S  Jan.,  1834. 
(ID.  PETER,  b.  1781  (0,  d.  1835  (?),  m.  Sarah  Emmons,  idau.  of  Nicholas) : 
had  ch. : 
1.  Nicholas. 
3.  Joseph. 

3.  Mart. 

4.  Merinda. 

5.  Ann  E. 

6.  Ellen. 

(III).  NATHANIEL,  b.  17a5,  d.  1860,  m.  Betsey  Biles  ;  had  ch. : 
1.  William. 
3.  George. 
3.  Drake. 
iIV).  MARGARET,  b.  18  Aug.,  1788,  d.  1  Jan.,  1845,  m.  31  Jan.,  1818, 
Anthony  Drake  ;  res.  at  Flanders,  N.  J. 
ISAAC,  of  unknown  parentage,  b.  7  April,  1759,  d.  1  Nov.,  1830,  m.  Experience 
Reeves  ;  left  Long  Island  during  the   Revolutionary   War  and  settled   near 
Flanders  ;  had  ch. : 

306  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

I.  DEBORAH,  b.  6  June.  1780,  m.  Amos  Leek. 
II.  MARTHA,  b.  29  Oct..  1781,  m.  Jonah  Hopkins  ;  res.  at  Palmyra,  K.  Y. 

III.  ISAAC  H,  b.  4  Feb.,  1782,  d.  1814,  m.  Lydia  Horton  (dau.  of  Silas  and 


IV.  JOSEPH,  m.  Mary  Hopkins  :  removed  to  Michigan  ;  has  2  ch. 

V.  JOHN,  b.  22  Jan.,  1787,  d.  22  Dec,  1859,  m.  Elisabeth  M.  Bryant  (dau.  of 
Isaac) ;  res.  at  Chester. 
VI.  MANASSEH  REEVES,  b.  7  Feb.,  1786,  m.  Catherine  Moore  ;  had  ch.: 
(I).  JESSE. 
(Ifl.  CHARLES. 
(IV).  SAMUEL  C. 
(V).  STEPHEN  M. 
VII.  JAMES  YOUNGS,  b.  11  Nov.,  1789,  m.  Sarah  Stout :  rem.  to  Central,  N. 
Y. ;  had  ch. : 
(HI).  ISAAC  H. 
(VI).  JAMES. 

(VII)— (IX).  Three  daughters. 
VIII.  SARAH,  b.  29  Dec.  1791,  d.  4  April,  1841  ;  unmarried. 
IX.  JERUSHA,  b.  6  Dec,  1793,  d.-1818  ;  unmarried. 
X.  NANCY,  b.  6  Oct.,  1797,  m.  Jacob  Rieger. 
XI.  ZECHARIAH,  b.  4  Oct.,  1799,  d.  1814. 
XII.  ELISABETH,  died  young. 
XIH.  EXPERIENCE,  b.  12  Jan.,  1801,  d.  30  April,  1856,  m.  Nathan  C.  Hunt  ; 

res.  at  Succasunna. 
XIV.  STEPHEN  OVERTON,  b.  29  Sept.,  1806,  m.  Lydia  Baker ;  rem.  to  Iowa  : 
had  ch. : 

(IV).  SARAH. 

Cokwins  of  Hunterdon  and  Warren  Cor/NTrES. 
GEORGE,  b.  in  England,  10  Dec,  1610  :  from  Northampton,  England,  to  Salem, 
Mass.,  1638.  d.  3  Jan.,  16S5,  m.  first,  Elisabeth  Herbert,  (dau.  of  John) :  second, 
Elisabeth  White,  (widow  of  John) ;  thiwl,  Elisabeth  Brook,  (widow  of  Robert) ; 
had  ch.:  Abigail,  John,  Jonathan.  Hannah,  Elisabeth,  Penelope,  Susannah, 
JOHN,  the  son   of  George,   the  emigrant ;   had   ch. :     George,   Elisabeth,   Lucy, 

Hannah,  Samuel. 
GEORGE  2d,  son  of  John,  and  grandson  of  George,  the  emigrant,  b.  2«  Feb.  1665-6. 
d.  12  April,  1696,  m.  first,  Susannah  Gedney  (dau.  of  John);  second,  Lydia 
Gedney  (dau.  of  Hon.  Bartholomew) ;  Sheriff  of  Essex  Co.,  Mass.,  7  May,  1696  ; 
persecuted  until  his  death  by  the  relatives  of  those  put  to  death  by  him  for 
witchcraft ;  had  one  child. 

CORWIN  3°7 

BARTHOLOMEW,  b.  1  June,  1693,  d.  9  May,  1747 ;  rem.  to  Amwell,  Hunterdon 
Co.,  N.  J.,  prob.  bee.  of  bis  father's  relation  to  the  Salem  witchcraft  trials,  ra. 
Esther  Burt,  idau.  of  John  of  England) ;  in  1721  paid  tax  in  N.  J.,  on  100  acres. 
&c. ;  bad  ch. :  George,  Richard,  William,  John,  Joseph,  Samuel. 
JOSEPH,  son  of  Bartholomew,  b.  1724,  in  Hopewell,  X.  J.,  d.  after  1790  in  Canada, 
m.  Elisabeth  Hixon  ;  rem.  to  Greenwich,  Sussex  Co.,  mow  Warren  Co.)  about 
1770  ;  to  Allamuchy,  Warren  Co..  1775  ;  to  Canada,  1787  ;  had  ch. : 
I.  NAOMI,  m.  first,  Timothy  Hixon  ;  second,  John  Johnson  ;   removed  to 

Canada,  1787. 
II.  KEZIAH,  m.  Isaac  Bell  ;  had  ch. : 

ill).  ANNA  BELL,  m.  Moses  Reed  and  rem.  to  Otisville.  N.  Y 
(III).  SARAH  BELL,  m.  Richard  Stiff. 
(IV).  JANE  BELL,  m.  Jonn  Stiff. 
(V).  MARY  BELL,  m.  Levi  Howell. 
IH.  SARAH,  m.  Jonah  Howell ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  ASA  E.  HOWELL. 
(II).  MARY  HOWELL,  in.  Elisha  Osmun. 
IV.  BARTHOLOMEW,   m.  and  d.  in  New  Jersey  before   1787  ;   had  a  son, 
Joseph,  who  died  it  is  supposed  before  1836. 
V.  ELISABETH,  m.  John  Robertson,  father  of  Judge  Aaron  Robertson,  from 

whose  papers  this  genealogy  was  obtained. 
VI.  MARY,  m.  Levi  Cook  and  had  ch. : 
il).  LEVI  COOK. 
,11).   ASA  COOK. 
(III).  RACHEL  COOK,  m.  Nathaniel  Hunt. 
VTI.  AMELIA,  m.  Moses  Reed  ;  rem.  to  Otisville.  N.  Y.  1  had  ch. : 
(I).  JOHN  REED. 
(IV).  MARY  REED,  m.  a  Smith. 
1V1.  ELISABETH  REED,  m.  a  Knapp. 
(IX).  JONAH  H.  REED, 
vni.  GEORGE,  died  young. 
IX.  ESTHER,  m.  John  Silverthorn  ;  rem.  to  Canada. 
X.  ANN,  m.  Adam  Spencer  and  rem.  to  Canada. 
XI.  RACHEL,  m.  a  Fletcher  and  rem.  to  Canada. 
XII.  BENJAMIN,  m.  Penelope  Swayze  ;   rem.  to  Canada  ;  had  one  daughter, 

Elisabeth,  who  m.  James  Lewis. 
XIII.  JOSEPH,  m.  Lydia  Swayze  ;  rem.  to  Canada  ;  had  ch.: 
(I).  JOSEPH,  unmarried. 
(II).  MARY,  m.  James  Wilson. 

308  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(III).  JOHN,  m.  Catherine  Upper. 
XIV.  SAMUEL,  b.  1769,  d.  1863,  m.  Anna  Beam  ;  rem.  to  Canada  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  ELISABETH,  b.  1799. 
(11).  KEZIAH,  b.  1801. 
(III).  CATHARINE,  b   1802. 
(IV).  BARTHOLOMEW,  b.  1803. 
(V).  SUSAN,  b.  1804. 
(VI).  JOSEPH,  b.  1807,  unmarried. 
(VII).  MARY,  b.  1808. 
(Villi.  ASENATH,  b.  1810  ;  died  young. 
(IX).  JACOB,  b.  1812  ;  died  young. 
(X).  SARAH,  b.  1813. 
(XI).  PRISCILLA,  b.  1817,  d.  1836. 
(XII).  DELDAMIA,  b.  1820. 
(XIII).  JANE  b.  1822. 


JACQUE  COSSART,  prob.  from  Picardy,  in  Normandie  or  Bretagne,  France, 
about  1657.  with  two  children  (of  the  ages,  18  mos.  and  2  yearsi  and  wife  Lydia. 
(Baird's  Huguenots  Vol.  1,  p.  183).  Another  authority  says  they  came  to  this 
country  in  1663  by  way  of  the  river  Delaware.  The  name  is  variously  spelled 
Cossart,  Cousart  ;  he  had  children  : 
I.  JACQUE  (or  Jacob),  bap.  1668,  April  18,  in  New  York,  m.  1695,  Anna 

Mary  Springsteen,  (dau.  of  John  Casper). 
II.  DAVID,  bap.  1671,   June  18,  d.   between  1736-40,  m.  1696,  Styntie   Van 
Hoorne,  (dau.  of  Joris  Jansen) ,  b.  1677  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  JORIS  (George),  b.  1699,  Nov.  19,  m.  Lisabeth  ;  had  Jannete,  bap. 

1723,  Oct.  29. 
(II).  JACOB,  b.  1702,  Jan.  28,  m.  Henna  and  had  ch. : 

1.  Lydeya,  bap  1723,  Dec.  23. 

2.  Lisabeth,  bap.  1725,  Feb.  7. 

3.  Jacob,  bap.  1739.  Nov.  14. 

(III).  DA VTD,  b.  1704,  April  23,  m.  Catalyntie  and  had. 
1.  Stetnt,  bap.  1735.  July  13. 
3.  David,  bap.  173S.  Sept.  17. 

3.  Geertie,  bap.  1740.  Jure  29. 

4.  Susanna,  bap.  1742,  June  G. 

5.  Catalyntie.  bap.  1744,  Aug.  IS. 

6.  Jacobus,  bap.  1745,  Oct.  6. 

7.  Frans,  bap.  1750,  Aug.  6. 

8.  Efye,  bap.  1752,  Jan.  20. 

9.  Marya,  bap.  1754,  Jan.  12. 
10.  Neltie,  bap.  1756,  Aug.  22. 

(IV).  MARIA,  b.  1706,  July  3,  m. Williamson. 

(V).  SUSANNA,  b.  1709,  April  10,  m.  Canine. 
(VI).  JOHN,  b.  1711,  Nov.  6. 
(VII).  FRANCIS,  prob.  m.  Margrita  and  had, 

1.  Mardalena,  bap.  1741,  Jan.  1. 

2.  David,  bap.  1743.  June  5. 

3.  Jacob,  bap.  1751,  May  12. 

4.  Stynte,  bap.  1755,  Sept.  7. 

COSAD  309 

5.  Elisabeth,  bap.  1757,  Aug.  22. 
(LX).  JANE. 
(X).  EVA. 
|XI).  LEAH,  deceased  at  date  of  her  father's   will  ;   had  son   Hendrick 
III.  ANTHONY,  b.  1673,  m.  1696.  Elisabeth  Valentine  idau.  of  Jan.  Tymen- 
sen) ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  JACOB,  b.  at  Brooklyn.  1701.  d.  at  Bound  Brook,  N.  J.,  1772,  April 

19,  m.   Ann  ;  will,    (Bridgewater,  Somerset  Co.),  dated  1772. 

Feb.  4.  prob.  May  2,  names  children  : 

1.  Jacob,  b.  1724,  d.  1812,  Jan.  26,  at  88  ;  buried  at  lit.  Olive,  Morris 

Co.,  N.  J.,  m.  Elisabeth .  b.  1724,  d.  1812,  March  12,  at  S8  : 

buried  same  place,  prob.  had, 

(1).  "Deacn"  Samuel,  b.  1760,    Aug.  26,  d.  1841,  March  7.  m. 

Lucretia.  b.  1783,  d.  1840.  at  57  (1). 
(2).  Lea,  bap.  1743,  Aug.  28. 

2.  Samuel,  b.  1725,  d.  1811,  m.  ill  Ann  Clark  ;  (2)  Persilla  Bun.    the 

widow   Fairchildt.    will    (Mendhami,  dated   1806,  Feb.  15.  prob. 

1811,  March  5.  mentions  wife.  "  Persilla  and  her  son.  Ebenezer 

Fairchild,"  and  children  : 

(1).  Polly. 

(2).  Eunice. 

(3).  Rody. 

(4).  Anna,  wife  of  Nathan  Bunnel. 

(5).  Samuel. 

(6).  Henry. 

(71.  Eliphalet. 

(8).  Caty. 

(9).  Aby,  m.  Andrew  McGraath. 
(10).  Elisabeth,  m.  Thomas  McGreath. 
(11).  Mary. 
(12).  Phebe,  m.  Ziba  Casterline. 

3.  Job,  d.    1815,   m.    Hannah  .   b.  1733,  d.   1815,   Slarch  2  ;   will 

dated.    Newton,    1812,    Aug.  S,    prob.    1815.   Sept.   25.   mentions 

"Congregational  meeting  house,  which  I  built."  and  ch. : 

(1).  Anna,  m.  Peter  Fisher. 

(2).  Phebe. 

(3).  Hannah,  m.  John  Allet. 

(4).  Job. 

(5).  Nathaniel. 

(6).  Elihu. 

4.  Anthony,  whose  will,  dated  1790,  May  4.  prob.  June  1U,  names  ch. 

(1).  Jacob. 

i2).  Aaron. 

(3).  John. 

(4i.  Mary  Compton. 

(5).  Elisabeth. 

16).  Catherine. 

(7).  Hannah. 

(8).  Thomas. 

310  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(9).  Samuel. 
5.  Anna,  m.  Onesimus  Bell. 

(i.  Mary,  m. Sutton,  ('"widow"). 

7.  Leah,  m.  Jos.  Riggs,  ("widow").     The  will  mentions  also  a  grand- 
son, Abram  Lewis,  prob.  s.  of  the  following  : 
[8.  Elisabeth,  m.  1743,  April  12,  Eliphalet  Lewis,  of  Black  River.] 
JOHN,  prob.  great  grandson  of  Jacque,  the  emigrant ;  will  dated  1757,  Jan.  13, 
prob.  May  19,  names  children  : 
I.  DERRICK  (Richard),  m.  Barbara  Heldebrant,  (dau.  of  John),  who  died 
1806  ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  John,  b.  1786,  Sept.  8,  m.  Mary  Seals,  (dau.  of  John) ;  hadch.:    Ben- 
jamin, b.  1808,  Mar.  6,  m.  Elisabeth  Van  Natta,  (dau.  of  Elijah) ; 
Maria,  m.  a  Bogert  ;  John,  b.  1814,  May  11 ;   Barbara,  George, 
Herbert,  James,  Catherine,  Ellen,  Amos.     All  except   Benjamin 
went  West. 
(II).  George,  m.  Phebe  Cregar. 
(III).  Richard,  m.  Catherine  Cregar. 
(IV).  Elisabeth,  m.  Harmon  Heldebrant,  (s.  of  Stoffel). 
(V).  Barbara,  b.  1794.  Jan.  2.  m.  Jacob  Leffier. 
(VI).  Catherine  B.,  b.  1782,  May  29  ;  unmarried. 
(VII).  Polly,  b.  1791.  Oct.  11,  m.  Christopher  Leffler. 
II.  BENJAMIN,  went  "to  South  Seas." 




"About  1700,  George  Cussart  purchased  land  of  Thomas  Rudyard  and  built  a 
house  where  hotel  now  stands  in  Bound  Brook." 


JOHN  HENRY  COUSE,  b.  in  Germany,  1735,  Aug.  4,  d.  1804,  Dec.  11,  (will  prob. 
1804,  Dec.  21) ;  m.  Mary  Knoph,  b.  1727,  Nov.  30,  d.  1814,  Feb.  28  ;  emigrated 
from  Germany  to  Philadelphia,  1749  ;  had  ch. : 
I.  MARIA,  m.  Daniel  Struble. 
II.  JOHN,  b.  1759,  Sept.  3.  d.  1845,  Mar.  24,  m.  1784,  April  27,  Mary  Rarick, 
(dau.  of  Conrad,  or  Henry),  b.  1759,  d.  1834,  Dec.  11  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  Henry,  d.  in  Hampton  Twp..  Sussex  Co. 
(II).  Peter. 

(III).  William,  died  in  Virginia. 
(IV).  John. 

(V).  David,  b.  1804,  May  14,  m.  Mary  A.  Price,  (dau.  of  Henry.) 
(VI).  Catherine,  m.  Benjamin  Halsey. 
(VII).  Susan,  m.  Jacob  Welsh,  (s.  of  Philip). 
(VIII).  Mary. 
(IX).  AssaM.,  m.  Wm.  H.  Johnson. 

III.  MARGARET,  m.  John  Wintermute. 

IV.  ELISABETH,  m.  Henry  Snook. 
V.  EVE,  m.  Peter  Kemple 


Craig  311 


ANDREW  CRAIG,  b.  1662,  d.  1739,  Oct.  6,  at  77  ;  came  to  N.  J.  with  the  Scotch 
in  Gov.  Lawrie's  time,  m.  Susanna,  b.  1668,  d.  1727,  April  6,  at  59.     The  Rev. 
George  Keith,  Episcopal  missionary,  was  entertained  at  his  house  in  Elisabeth . 
1703,  November,  and  preached  there  the  first  sermon  by  an  Episcopal  minister 
ever  delivered  in  the  town,  and  baptized  four  of  the  Craig  children.     In  1700, 
March,  he  was  admitted  as  an  associate  of  Elisabethtown  purchasers,  and  drew 
lot  No.  162,  on  S.  W.  side  of  the  Rahway  river,  within  the  bounds  of  the  pres- 
ent town  of  Westfield.     (Hatfield  Hist.  Elisabeth.)     His  will  dated  28  Sept., 
1738,  prob.  24  Oct.,  1739  ;  names  grandson,  Ab.  Terrill,  and  ch. : 
II.  JOHN,  b.  1695,  d.  22  Aug.,  1758,  at  03  ;  buried  in  St.  John's  churchyard. 
Elisabeth,  N.  J. ;  perhaps  had  ch. : 

(I).  John,  named  in  deed  of  land  to  Lamington  Church   1743,  March  30  : 
his  will  dated  Bernards  twp.,  Som.  Co.,  1773,  Nov.  17,  prob.  Dec. 
21,  names  Will.  Linn's  son  Samuel,  anu  also  John  Stitt,  of  High- 
lands, N.  Y.,  and  the  following  who  were  prob.  brothers  and  sisters: 
(II).  Samuel,  named  in  his  brother  John's  will,   |1773,  Nov.  17);  had  oh.: 
John,  Alexander,  Ttose. 
iIII).  David,  named  in  his  brother  John's  will,  (1773,  Nov.  171 ;  has  3  sons. 
(IV).  Rose,  named  in  her  brother  John's  will,  (1773,  Nov.  17),  m.  Alexander 
Chambers,  of  Trenton  ;  had  son  James  Chambers. 
(V).  Margaret,  named  in  her  brother  John's  will,  (1773,   Nov.   17),   :n. 
William  McBride. 



VIII.  ARCHIBALD,  ,s.  of  John,  dec.l;  his  will  dated  Freehold.  1751,  Feb.  Jo. 
prob.  April  24.  names  wifa  Mary  and  children  : 

ill.  Samuel,  had  children  :  1.  El'sabeth;  2.  C'sula;  3.  Jfom:  4.  John: 
5.  William;  <>.  T'rsula  Fortnan  (widowi;  7.  Sarah, in.  JohnAndar- 
son  ;  S.  Hunnnli,  m.  Will.  Crawford  ;  9.  Mi-ij,  ra.  Peter  Gordon  ; 
10.  Elisabeth,  m.  John  Gordon  ;  11.  Catherine,  m.  John  Loyd  ;  12. 
Margaret,  m.  Walter  Kerr. 
MOSES,  b.  1702,  d.  1777,  July  31,  at  75  :  bought  farm  near  New  Germantown,  1757. 
May  2,  of  Jacob  Vanderveer,  and  deeded  the  same,  1759,  Dec.  11,  to  his  son, 

I.  ROBERT,  b.  1734.  Nov.  15.  d. ;  m.  first,  1756,  Feb.  7,  Anna  ,  b. 

1731,  Dec.  3,  d.     777,  Feb.  24;  second,  Elisabeth  Taylor,  of  Monmouth 
Co.;  had  4  sons  and  ldau.,  only  two  of  whom  are  known  to  the- writer,  viz: 
(I).  William,  b.  1785,  March;  with  his  brother  Joseph  bought  out  the 
other  heirs  and  willed  his  property  to  his  son, 
1.  Robert,  b.  1815,  March  10,  m.  1840,  Jan.  9,  Elisabetn  Field,   idau. 
Richard) ;  had  children  : 
ill.  William. 

(2).  Richard  F.,  m.  Alice  L.  Welsh,  idau.  David  the  4th). 
(3).  Sarah  E.,  m.  Henry  W.  Cline,  of  High  Bridge. 
(4).  Gertrude  P.,  m.  David  Denham. 
(5).  Henky  F.,  m.  Mary  WyckofT,  of  Kansas. 

312  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(6).  Mary  L.,  m.  William  Dunham,  of  Pottersville.  N.  J. 
(7).  Margaret  V.;  unmarried. 
(8).  Anna  B.;  unmarried. 
(9).  Robert  ;  unmarried. 


Among  the   Palatines  of  the  second  emigration  in  New  York.   1710.  was  Anna 
Maria  Cramerin  (widow),  b.  1680  (?),  who  had  ch. : 
I.  [JURGEN  (George)  ?]  "eldest  son,  b.  1692,"  m.  Elisabeth  ;  on  the  Ran- 
tan,  1733,  a  witness  to  the  bapt'sm  of  Elisabeth,  the  dau.,  6  months  old, 
of  Jurgen  Kastner  and  Naomi. 
II.  MARIA  ELISABETH,  b.  1698. 

III.  JOHN  HENDRICK,  b.  1703. 

IV.  ANNA  CATHARINA,  b.  1705. 
V.  JULIANA  MARIA,  b.  1708. 

MATTHIAS,  may  have  been  the  son  of  Jurgen  or  Hendrick  ;  or  he  may  have 
landed  at  Philadelphia  in  1731,  Oct.  14  ;  had  ch. : 
I.  MORRITZ,  m.  Erperiensen  Harris  ;  rem.  1808  from   Hunterdon  Co.  to 
Mendham,  Morris  Co.,  N.  J. :  had  children  (order  uncertain) : 
(Ii.  George,  b.  1768,  m.  Mary  Ann  Shriner  ;  had  ch.:     1.  Morris  Sharp, 
b.  179'J,  Feb.  6,  m.  Elisabeth  Smith  (dau.  of  Jacob);  2.  Mary,  m. 
Abraham  Seward  ;  3.  William,  m.  first,  Mary  A.  Travice  ;  second, 
a  woman  of  theLake  Country,  N.  T.,  nochildren  ;  4.  John,  b.  1800. 
m.  first,  Ann  Clark  (dau.  of  Isaac);  second,  widow  Sarah  Day;  5. 
George,  b.  1805,  m.  first,  Charity ;  second,  Catherine  Badsley  ;  no 
children  ;  6.  Jacob  Har~ris,  b.  1808,  Oct.  26,  m.  Esther  H.  Lewis, 
(dau.  of  Capt.  David) ;  no  children  ;  7.  Elisabetli,  b.  1816,  m.  Jchn 
Smith  (s  of  Capt.  David). 
(II).  Thomas,  b.  1769,  Dec.  7  ;  probably  unmarried. 

'III).  Morris,  b.  1775,  July  20,  m.  Polly  Sanders,  prob  left  will,  1831,  Mar. 
15,  Mendham,  which  names  wife,  Mary,  and  son,  Z>ba  S. ;  other 
children  referred  to  but  not  named. 
(IV).  Isaac,  b.  1777,  July  12,  d.  1841,  Jan.  14.  m.  Jane  Cooper. 
(V).  Matthias,  m.  Margaretha  ;  had  Isaac,  b.  1790,  April  11. 
(VI).  Elisabeth,  m.  a  Betson. 

(VIIi.  Nancy,  m.  Aaron  Horton  (s.  of  Nathaniel  and  Rebecca). 
II.  MATTHIAS,  m.  Anna  Maria  Henn,  b    1741,  March  5,  d    1804,  Jan.  17  : 
had  2d  husband,  John  Sharp  (s.  of  Morris  1st);  she  was  a   "cousin  to 
Rev.  Mr.  Hunt's  second  wife."    His  will  prob.  1783  ;  had  children  (order 
uncertain) : 

(I).  Elisabeth,  m.  George  Young. 
(II).  Catherine,  m.  David  Black. 
(III).  Anna,  b.  1766,  Dec.  28,  d.  1839,  May  18,  m.  Capt.  John  Hager  (s.  of 

Lawrence) . 
(IV).  Mary,  m.  Morris  Sharp. 
(V).  William,  b.  1770,  Jan.  8,  m.  Mary  Ellen  Carhart ;  had  ch.:  1.  Ann, 
m.  John  Rockefellar  (s.  of  David) ;  2.  Mary,  m.  William  Bellis  (s. 
of  Adam);  3.  Matthias,  b.  1795,  March  16,  m.  Sarah  Aller  (dau.  of 
John) ;  4.  George,  m.  Lydia  Hays,  (dau.  of  John) ;  5.  Elisabeth,  m. 
Abraham  Van  Fleet  (dau.  of  John) ;  6.   Crhistiann,  m.  John  Van 

Cramer — Crater  313 

Sickle  ;  7.  Catherine,  m.  James  Hoffman,  (s.  of  Henry) ;  8.  Ellen, 
m.  Henry  Hoffman,  (s.  of  Henry) ;  9.  Susnn,  m.  John  Yauger,  (s. 
of  John) ;  10.  Morris,  lived  at  Pluckamin  ;  11.  David,  m.  a  Hoffman 
(dau.  of  Peter);  12.  William,  m.  Mary  Yauger  (dau.  of  John). 

(VT).  [Mart]  Dorothy,  b.  1772,  March  11,  m.  Lawrence  Lowe. 
(VII).  Matthias,  b.  1774,  Sept.  23,  m.  Christina  Sharp  (dau.  of  John  and 
Lena) ;  had  ch. :  1.  Mary,  m.  John  Lowe  (s.  of  Benjaminl ;  2. 
Catherine,  died  at  sixteen  ;  3.  John  Sharp,  b.  1798,  July  29.  m. 
Catherine  Krieger  (dau.  of  John) ;  4.  Matthias  Sharp,  b.  1800, 
Sept.  19,  m.  Julia  Fisher  (dau.  of  Peter) ;  5.  David,  m.  Elisabeth 
Everitt  (dau.  of  Elisha):  6.  Ann,  m.  Benj.  Boss;  7.  Matilda,  m. 
David  Welsh  Dallicker  (3.  of  William). 
(VIII).  Elsa  Catherine,  b.  1779,  April  8,  m.  Philip  Alpock. 

(IX).  Margaret,  m.  Morris  Welsh  (s.  of  William  and  Dorothea!,  b.  1774. 
Dec.  16. 

(X).  Noah.  m.  Mary  Emery  idau.  of  Peter);  had  eh.:  1.  Mary  Hrnn.  b. 
1798,  Oct.  9,  m.  Jacob  Tiger  is.  of  John);  2.  Ann,  a  preacher,  went 
West ;  3.  Elisabeth,  m.  a  Higgins  ;  4.  Xoah  Stuart,  b.  1801,  m.  Ann 
Hoffman  [dau.  of  Peter),  b.  1794,  June  3,  and  had  Mary,  Peter,  b. 
1824,  Feb.  10,  m.  Sarah  Skinner  (dau.  of  Sam. ) ,  John  and  Elisabeth ; 
5.  Becky ;  6.  Matthias  ;  and  one  or  two  more  who  died  young. 

III.  GEORGE,  m.  Sophia  ;  had  one  child,  baptised  at  Lebanon,  and  the  other 

two  at  Easton. 

(I).  John  Matthias,  b.  1774,  August;  perhaps  m.  A.  Rosina,  and  had 

Jacob,  b.  1793,  Dec.  3. 
(II).  Moritz,  bap.  1781,  Sept.  23. 
(111).  Carl,  bap.  1784,  Jan.  9. 

IV.  ANTHONY  (?)  elder  of  Lebanon  Ger.  Ch.,  1769,  perhaps  ra.  Dina ;  had 

children  bap.  as  follows  :     1.  Anna,  1781,  May  3  ;  2.  Sophia,  1787,  June 
4  ;  3.  Elisabeth,  1791.  March  4. 
V.  WILLIAM  (?),  m.  Mary:  has  children  baptised  :     1.  Wilhelm,  1781.  July 
23  ;  2.  Anna  Gertraut,  1785,  Oct.  27  ;  3.  Ruth  (T),  1788,  Sept  7  ;  4.  Mary, 
VI.  BLEICH  (7),  on  Peter  Nitzer's  ledger,  1763. 
VII.  NICHOLAS  (0,  m.  A.  Barbara  and  has  child  Samuel  Frederick,  baptised 

1772,  Feb.  15. 
VIII.  MARY  (?),  b.  3  May,  1753,  d.  7May,  1821,  m.  Philip  Cummins  (s.  1'hristiani. 
Miscellaneous — On  Kingston.  N.  Y.,  church  records,  Anthony  Kramer  and 
Gertray  (Gertrude)  Scheerman  have  Johan  Hendrick,  bap.  1712,  Nov.  2,  and 
Gertruy  bap.  1718,  Jan.  12.  Also  Wendel  Cremer  (or  Kramer)  b.  in  Germany, 
married,  1772,  Oct.  24,  Sara  Stuward,  b.  at  Esopus,  and  their  children  were,  I. 
Johannes,  bap.  1775,  Sept.  24.  II.  Peter,  bap.  1780,  Feb.  13.  III.  Jacob,  1782.  Jan. 
27.  IV.  Sara,  bap.  1784,  May  30.  V.  Karel  (Charles),  bap.  1786,  Aug.  20.  VI. 
Elisabeth,  bap.  1789,  Feb.  1.  On  the  same  records  we  find  as  witnesses  Nicholas, 
and  Elis.  Dibbel,  1789,  and  William,  1779,  April  4.  William  Cramer  in  Southold, 
L.  I.,  1672, .removed  to  Elisabethtown. 


Tradition  says  that  two  brothers  ran  away  to  avoid  prescription  into  the  Ger- 
man army  ;  and  that  both  were  sold  for  their  passage,  one  to  a  Quaker  in  Pa.,  and 

314  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

the  other  to  a  man  in  New  Jersey.     These  brothers  names  were  probably  John  and 

Morritz.    John  appears  in  Tewksbury  twp.,  in  1756,  but  none  of  his  descendants 

have  been  found.     They  are  supposed  to  have  gone  to  Canada.     On  Aug.  19,  1729, 

Moret  Creeter  (Moritz  Creter  '()  arrives  at  Phila.  in  ship  Mortonhouse. 

MORRITZ,  b.  1712,  d.  1772,  April  6,  aged  60,  m.  Elisabeth,  b.  1706,  d.  1771,  March 

18  ;  bought  308  acres,  near  Fox  Hill  Pres.  Ch.,  of  Joseph  RecklesB,  7  Feb.,  1748, 

and  450  acres  at  Hacklebarney,  of  John  and  Thomas  Leonard  in  1762,  also  150 

aci-es  at  Pleasant  Grove  (John  P.  Sharp  farm  J),  in  1752,  of  John  Wood  ;  his 

will  prob.  1772,  April  24,  mentions  children  : 

I.  JACOB,  the  "eldest,"  to  be  taken  care  of  by  his  brothers  and  sisters. 
II.  MORRITZ,  b.  1742,  Feb.  24,  d.  1806,  Feb.  18  ;  his  will  prob.  1806,  Feb.  28, 
m.  first,  Maria  Margaret  Teete,  b.  1746,  July  9,  d.  1800,  Feb.  19  :  second, 

,  29  July,  1800  ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  Elisabeth,  b.  1765,  Dec.  13,  m.  George  Moore. 
(ID.  George,  b.  1767,  Aug.  24,  d.  1792. 
(III).  Hester,  b.  1769,  July  11,  m.  Martin  Bunn. 

(IV).  Leonard,  b.  1771,  Sept.  11.     (According  to  the  will  he  was  to  be 
supported  by  his  brothers  and  sisters) . 
(V).  Catherine,  b.  1774,  July  31,  m.  Jacob  "Welsh  (s.  of  William). 
(VI).  Philip,  b.  1776,  Oct.  31,  d.  185C,  March  19,  m.  1799,  Nor.  19,  Susanna 
Sutton   (dau.  of  John),  b.  1776,  d.  1842,  Sept.  24,  owned  land  at 
Chester,  held  by  two  conveyances  ;   had  ch. :    1.  Morris  P.,  b.  6 
Aug.,  1800,  d.  2  Dec.,  1876,  m.  Abbie  Runyon  (dau.  of  Rich.),  b.  17 
Sept ,  1790,  d.  1  Dec.,  1872  ;  2.  Mary,  b.  1803,  m.  Wm.  Rhinehart  ; 
3.  Elisabeth,  b.  1805,  m.  Fred.  H.  Shangle  (s.  of  Fred.) ;  4.  Wil- 
liam, b.  1807,  died  young  ;  5.  Anna,  b.  4  July,  1809,  d.  28  Oct., 
1883,   m.   Peter   Latourette  ;  6.   John,  m.   Mary  McKingtrey  ;   7. 
Sarah,  m.  Christopher  Tiger  ;  8.  Margaret,  m.   George  Smith  ; 
9.  Susan,  m.  John  Honeyman. 
(VII).  John,  b.  1779.  Sept.  7,  m.  1802,  Aug.  8,  Charlotta  Leek,  b.  1781,  Sept. 
19  ;  had  ch. :     1.  Anna,  b.  1805  ;  2.  Jean  Melinda  Smith,  b.  1810  ;  3. 
John  S.,  b.  1819,  died  at  two  years. 
(Vni).  Morritz,  Jr.,  b.  1782,  Oct.  80,  m.  Catherine  Cripps,  b.  1782,  Jan.  5 ; 
had  ch. : 

1.  Maria,  b.  1805,  July  9,  m.  W.  M.  Eick. 

2.  Sarah,  b.  1807,  Feb.  12,  m.  first,  Peter  B.  Sutton  ;  second,  Alfred 

Pickle  (s.  of  George). 

3.  David,  b.  1809,  Jan.  1,  m.  Elisabeth  Lomerson  (dau.  of  Jacob); 

had  ch.:  (1).  Catherine,  b.  1837,  May  17,  m.  William  Fisher. 
(Naughright) ;  (2).  Charity  A.,  b.  1839,  July  28,  m  Samuel  Sut- 
ton  (a.  of  Wm.);  (3).  David  D.,  b.  1841,  July  6,  m.  first,  Mary 
Louisa,  and  second,  Sarah  Lunger  (daughters  of  Abram) ;  had 
ch. :  (1st  wife)  Melancthon  W.,  b.  1864,  m.  Mary  Louisa,  b. 
i865  ;  (2nd  wife)  Luther  W.,  b.  1878,  m.  Cora  Bell,  b.  1872  ;  (4). 
Amanda,  b.  1845,  Aug.  25,  m.  Elias  Philhower  (s.  of  Philip) ; 
(5).  Morris  D.,  b.  1847,  June  27,  m.  Louisa  Hoffman  (dau.  of 
Jesse);  (6).  John  L.,  b.  1849, May  14,  m.  Alice  Martin;  (7).  Mary 
Wood,  b.  1851,  Oct.  16,  m.  Rev.  W.  O.  Rushton  ;  (8).  Oeorge 
Edward,  b.  1855,  Feb.  1,  m.  Emma  Lance  (dau.  of  Cornelius) . 

4.  Margaret  Melinda,  b.  1811,  Feb.  9,  m.  Anthony  Rockafellow. 

Crater  315 

5.  Jacob  Kline,  b.  1813.  Aug.  8,  m.  Eliza  Dorlon  ;  had  ch.:     (1). 

John,  m.  Eliza  Fleet  (dau.  of  Richard).  (2).  George  F.,m.  Sarah 
Ellen  Fleet  (dau.  Wm.  H.).  (3).  Mollis,  m.  Amanda  Wood  (dau. 
of  "Al.").  (4).  Marietta,  m.  Asbury  Farley  is.  of  Oliver  W.). 
(5).  Henrietta,  unmarried. 

6.  Sophia,  b.  1816,  March  8,  m.  Ockley  A.  Wise. 

7.  Morris  D.,  b.  1817,  Oct.  13,  died  at  4  years  of  age. 
(IX).  Conrad,  b.  17*5,  July  30,  d.  1789. 

(X).  William,  b.  1788,  Sept.  13. 
III.  PHILIP,  b.  1744,  d.  1797,  Sept.  30,  in.  Barbara  Flock  (dau.  of  Andreas),  b. 
1744,  d.  1841,  July  14.  His  will  was  dated  1791,  Nov.  6,  and  mentions 
"440  acres  of  land  on  which  I  now  live" ;  res.  in  Chester  twp. ;  bought  243 
acres  at  Parker,  1785,  part  of  Wetherell  tract ;  had  children  : 
(I).  Morritz,  b.  1766,  Feb.  14,  d.  1850,  May  12,  m.  Anna  Stephens,  b. 
1769,  March  2,  d.  1836,  Dec.  4  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  David,  b.  1790,  Jan.  31,  m.  Mary  Shangle. 

2.  Andreas,  b.  1791,  Nov.  17,  m. Neighbor. 

3.  Elisabeth,  b.  1794,  Jan.  26,  died  unmarried. 

4.  George,  b.  1796,  March  27,  m.  Margaret  W-  lsh  (dau.  of  Philip) ; 

had  ch. :  (1).  Philip  Welsh,  m.  Jane  Conklin  (Newark);  (2). 
Anna  Maria,  m.  Benj.  Dickerson  ;  (3).  David  Welsh,  m.  Elis- 
abeth A.  Howell  ;  (4).  Mancius  Hutton,  died  young  ;  (5).  Oeo. 
Edwin,  m.  Elvira  Hatton  ;  (6).  Eliat,  m.  Catherine  E.  Swack- 
hamer  ;  resided  at  Flanders. 

5.  Margaret,  b.  1798,  May  8,  m.  Conrad  Ranch  (s.  of  Conrad  1st). 

6.  Sarah  Plum,   b.   1800,  June  25,   unmarried  ;  removed  to  New 

Comerstown,  Ohio. 

7.  Barbara,  b.  1801,  Dec.  27,  d.  1863,  Aug.  4,  m.  Praster  Crater  (?). 

8.  Anna  Delant,  b.  1804,  May  7,  m.  Robert  Pitney. 

9.  Sophia  Bowman,  b.  1306,  May  23,  m.  Thomas  Jennings. 

10.  Morris,  b.  1808,  Dec.  16,  m.  Helena  Voorhees. 

11.  John  Gilbert,  b.  1811,  April  6,  m.  first,  Mary  Messier  ;  second, 


12.  Anna  Maria,  b.  1811,  April  6,  m.  James  Yawger. 

(II).  John,  b.  1768,  Sept.  22,  d.  1825,  June  20,  m.  Mary  Schenckle  (dau.  of 
Heinrich),  b.  1768,  Sept.  18,  d.  1844,  Feb.  18  ;  had  ch. :  1.  Philip,  b. 
1789,  Sept.  12,  m.  Catherine  Fritts,  b.  1795,  Jan.  1 ;  2.  Isaac,  b.  1793, 
Aug.  27,  m.  Ann   Arrowsmith,  b.  1797,  May  20  ;  3.  Barbara,  b. 

1796,  April  30,  m.  John  R.  Heath  (s.  of  Joseph),  b.  1790,  April  27  ; 
4.  Lawrence,  b.  1799,  Feb.  14,  m.  Mary  Hoover  (dau.  of  Crater),  b. 

1797,  Oct.  26. 

(III).  Matthias,  lived  at  Glen  Gardner  ;  m.  Sophia,  b.  10  Feb.,  1773,  d.  10 
July,  1813  ;  had  a  large  family,  all  of  whom  went  West  except 
1.  John,  who  died  at  Drakestown  ;  had  ch. :  (1).  Philip,  m.  Angeline 
Lake  (dau.  of  Thomas)  and  rem.  from  Springtown  to  Phillips- 
burg  ;  (2).  George,  m.  Elsie  Ann  Durham  ;  (3).  Joseph,  m.  twice 
and  rem.  to  Easton  ;  (4).  John  A.,  m.  first,  Pernina  Rarick  (dau. 
of  William) ;  second,  Mandie  Smith  ;  (5).  Barbara,  m.  a  Betson  ; 
(6).  Rachel  Ann,  m.  Harman  Stark  ;  (7).  Sarah,  m.  Jefferson 
Lake,  of  Naughright. 

316  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

IV.  ESTHER,  m.  Thomas  Bushkirk  (Van  Buskirk). 
Mr.  Lewis  Crater,  of  Reading,  Pa.,  is  collecting  materials  for  a  complete  geneal- 
ogy of  the  Pennsylvania  family,  and  has  kindly  furnished  the  following  :  "  The 
different  branches  spell  their  names  :  Greter,  Gredtr,  Grader,  Grater,  Krater, 
and  Crater.  Michael  Kreter  is  mentioned  as  having  been  a  partner  of  Rev.  Henry 
Melchior  Muhlenberg  in  some  real  estate  transactions  in  the  city  of  Reading,  Penn. 
But  the  family  in  Pennsylvania  descended  from  JACOB,  who  arrived  from  Ger- 
many by  way  of  Holland,  17  Aug.,  1733  ;  was  a  Mennonite,  and  one  of  the  most 
active  members  of  the  church  at  Skippack,  Pa. ;"  had  children,  according  to  the 
family  record  in  German  : 

I.  JACOB,  b.  25  May,  1729. 
II.  MARIA,  b.  18  April,  1731. 

III.  JOHANNES,  b.  [8  April],  1734,  d.  8  March,  1818,  at  84  years  and  11  mos.. 

m.  Margaret,  b.  5  March.  1741,  d.  5  Sept.,  1810,  at  68  yrs.  and  0  m.;  had  ch.: 
(I).  Maria,  b.  19  Oct.,  1760,  in  the  sign  of  the  waterman. 
(II).  Jacob,  b.  1  Oct.,  1763,  d.  27  May,  1763. 
(III).  Johannes,  b.  IS  July,  1765. 
(IV).  Abraham,  b.  19  April,  1766. 
(Vi.  Cadarina  [Catherine],  b.  23  May,  1771. 
(VT).  Ludwig,  b.  5  Jan.,  1775. 
(VII).  Elisabeth,  b.  0  April,  1779. 

IV.  ELISABETH,  b.  1730.  in  the  sign  of  the  Fish. 

V   PAUI.US,  b.  8  July,  1738,  in  the  sign  of  the  "  Lobe." 
VI.  BARBARA,  b.  21  Sept..  1740,  in  the  sign  of  the  Fish. 
VII.  CHRISTIAN,  b.  30  Jan.,  1743. 
VIII.  (name  torn  off),  b.  17  Jnly,  1745. 
IX.   (name  torn  off),  b.  6  June,  1750. 
X.  (name  torn  off),  b.  2  May,  1753. 
XI.  MICHAEL,  b. 1758. 


ANDRIES  CREGAR,  prob.  came  to  this  country  in  1741,  Nov.  20,  when  Johann 
Andreas,  Johan  Peter  and  Johann  Henrieh  Krieger  arrive  at  Phila.  in  the 

ship,  Europa  ;  m.  Ann  ;  will  dated  1770,  Feb.  8,  prob.  1770,  April  7,  names 

children  : 

II.  JOHN,  m.  Annie  Rodenback  :  will  prob.  1833,  Sept.  10  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  John,  b.  1770,  Aug.  12,  m.  Catherine  Hoppock  (dau.  of  Peter). 
(II).  Ann,  b.  1772,  July  30,  m.  a  Hoppock. 
(III).  Mart,  b.  1776,  Nov.  10,  m.  Peter  Young  ;  had  ch.:     1.  Anna  Young, 
b.  1792,  Nov.  19  ;  2.  Elisabeth  Young,  b.  1795,  May  20 ;  3.  William 
Young,  b.  1800,  April  27  ;  4.  Andrew  Young,  b.  1806,  Jan.  24. 
(IV).  Andrew,  b.  1779,  Jan.  5,  d.  1861,  July  30,  m.  Charity  Voorhees  (dau. 
of  Abraham),  b.  1784,  Jan.  10,  d.  1863,  June  25  ;  had  ch.: 

1.  John,  m.  Ellen  Sweazey  (dau.  of  Andrew) ;  had  ch. :     (1).  Andrew  ; 

(2|.  Peter;  (3).  Abraham;  (4).  William;  (5).  Elias,  died  youug  ; 
(6).  Charity;  (7).  Catherine  A.;  (8).  Mary;  (9).  Eliza. 

2.  Abraham,  m.  Mary  Groendyke  (dau.  of  John). 

3.  William,  m.  Elisabeth  Dilts  (dau.  of  John) ;  had  ch. :     (1).  John  ; 

Cregar — Cummins  317 

(2).  Andrew;  (3).  Thomas ;  (4).  Caroline. 
4.  Peter,  m.  Eva  Alpaugh  idau.  of  William);  had  eh. :     (1).  Elias: 

(2).  Xahum;   (3).  Sarah  Arm;    i4).  Matilda;    (5).  Mahala;  (6). 

Lydia;  (7).  Harriet. 
.5.  Andrew,  b.  1S08,  Aug.  1.  m.  Harriet  Lance  tdau.  of  Wm.) ;   had 

ch. :     (1).  Edgar  Isaac,  m.  Margaret  Beekman. 
o.  Elias  V.,  m.  Eliza  A.  Neighbor  (dau.  of  George). 

7.  Jacob,  b.  1821,  March  29,  m.  Mary  Catherine  Neighbor  (dau.  of 

George);  had  ch.:  (1).  George  .V.,  m.  Emily  -Ann  Haver  ;  |2). 
Mary  Elisabeth,  m.  Oliver  Fntts,  of  Hamden ;  (3).  Isaac  L.,  m. 
Susan  Hummer  ;  res.  at  High  Bridge  ;  i4).  Susan  E ,  m.  Cyrus 
Bird  ;  res.  in  Union  twp. 

8.  Isaac,  died  young. 

9.  Lucas,  unmarried. 

10.  Elisabeth  Ann.  m.  Dennis  Bowlsby;  removed  to  Indiana. 

11.  Williampje,  died  young. 

12.  Sarah,  died  young. 

13.  Catherine,  m.  James  Bunn. 

(V).  William,  b.  1781,  Aug.  6,  m.   Ann  Nitzer  idau.  of  Jacob);  went  to 
Ohio  ;  had  sixteen  or  seventeen  children. 
(VI).  Peter,  m.  Elisabeth  McDaniel  ;  had  children  (order  uncertain! :     1. 
John;  2.  Andrew,  m.  a  Perry  ;  3.  Mary  A.,  m.  George  Perry  ;  4. 
Elisabeth,  b.  1791.  March  17  ;  5.  Rebecca,  b.  1794,  May  22. 
(VII).  Elisabeth,  m.  Paul  Wean. 
(VIII).  Catherine,  m.  Wm.  Stephenson. 

IV.  JACOB,  m.  Elisabeth  ;  haach.: 
ll).  Andres,  b.  1779,  April  27. 
(II).  Elisabeth,  b.  1780,  Sept.  21. 
(III).  Ann  Christina,  b.  1782,  May  12. 
V.  ANN. 

Miscellaneous — CONRAD,  m.  Catherine  Elisabeth  :  hadch.:  I.  John  Peter. 
b.  1768,  Sept.  19  ;  II.  Hans  Adam,  b.  1770,  Sept.  3  ;  III.  Mary  Elisabeth,  b. 
1774,  Aug.  25.  CHRISTIAN,  will  dated  Kingwood,  Hunterdon  Co..  1760,  April 
17,  probated  Dec.  3,  me  tions  "Going  on  expedition  in  company  of  Col.  Hunt, 
under  Col.  Peter  Schuyler,"  and  names  ch.:  I.  Peter;  II.  William;  III. 


CHRISTEON  (Christian),  b.  March  16,  1716,  d.  1781,  m.  Catherme ,  b.  April 

18,  1723,  d.  1797  ;  purchased  a  farm  of  250  acres,  where  Asbury,  Warren  Co., 
is  now  situated,  and  at  a  later  period,  other  farms  in  Bethlehem  twp..  Hunt. 
Co.,  and  in  Lower  Hard  wick,  Sussex  Co.,  so  that  at  the  time  of  his  death  in 
1781,  he  owned  625  acres  of  land.  The  name  Cummins  is  said  to  be  the  same  as 
Cumyn,  Comyn,  or  dimming,  names,  which  appear  frequently  in  the  history 
of  England  and  Scotland.  The  original  family  of  this  name  arose  from  the 
vicinity  of  the  town  of  Comines  in  France.  They  came  over  to  England  with 
the  conqueror,  and  Robert  Comyn  was  sent  by  William,  with  700  men  to  reduce 

ji8  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

the  northern  provinces,     In  the  middle  of  the  13th  century,  there  were  four 

Scottish  Earls  in  the  family.     Nearly  annihilated  by  Robert  Bruce,  the  sole 

survivor  of  the  family  escaped  to  England  and  there  established  important 

connections.      [Blackie's  Modern   Encyclopedia].     Nearly  the   whole  of  the 

genealogy  of  this  family  has  been  furnished  by  Mr.  G.  W.  Cummins,  Ph.  D.,  M. 

D.,  of  Belvidere,  N.  J.     In  1741,  Oct.  17,  Christian  Commens  arrived  at  Phila. 

in  ship  Molly  ;  prob.  a,  Hugenot,  who  kad  taken  refuge  in  Germany  ;  had  ch. : 

I.  CATHERINE,  b.  Aug.  28,  1748,  m.  James  Haslett ;  lived  at  Asbury,  N.  J. 

II.  PHILIP,  b.  Aug.  15,  1750,  d.  Aug.  27,  1828,  m.  Mary  Cramer,  b.  May  3, 

1753,  d.  May  7,  1821.    They  lived  at  Vienna,  N.  J.,  where  A.  J.  Cummins 

now  lives  ;  had  ch.: 

(I).  Christian,  b.  Jan.  2,  1774,  d.  Feb.  2,  1865,  m.  June  17,  1796,  Mary 
Smith,  b.  Sept.  23,  1776,  d.  Nov.  30,  1860  ;  had  ch. :  1.  Philip,  b. 
May  23,  1797,  m.  first,  Eliza  Maines  :  second,  Sophemia  Everett ; 

2.  Lydia,  b.  Jan.  16, 1799,  d.  Nov.  2, 1821,  m.  a  Marjarum  ;  3.  Annie, 
b.  Dec.  1,  1800,  m.  Elijah  Hall ;  4.  Daniel,  b.  Sept.  17,  1802,  m. 
Annie  Richards  ;  5.  Mary,  b.  Sept.  6,  1804,  d.  Jan.  23,  1832,  m. 
Samuel  Lippincott  ;  6.  Catherine,  b.  Dec  13,  1806,  d.  Jan.  5,  1835, 
m.  Thomas  Force  ;  7.  Samiml,  b.  Feb.  12,  1809,  d.  June  12,  1869,  m. 
Mary  Leonard  ;  8.  Sarah,  b.  April  12, 1811,  m.  Andrew  Rice  Dennis; 
9.  Isaac,  m.  Hulda  Frace  ;  10.  Polhemus,  m.  Phoebe  Hendershot. 

(II).  Elisabeth,  b.  Feb.  — ,  1776,  m.  M-^hael  Banghart,  b.  1774,  d.  1846. 
(ILI).  Matthias,  b.  Feb.  8,  1777,  d.  July  4,  1849,  m.  first,  Hannah  Hunter 
second,  Mary  Hunter  Thacher  ;  had  children  by  1st  wife  :     1.  Wil 
liam,  m.  Mariah  Middlesworth  ;  2.  Electa,  m.  Sedgewick  Rusling 

3.  Mary  Ann,  m.  William  Kelley  ;  4.  George,  m.  Rebecca  Green 

5.  Catherine,  m.  first,  Benjamin  Shackelton  ;  second,  Wm.  Hart 

6.  Morris,  unmarried. 

(IV).  Catherine,  b.  June  6,  1779,  m.  Henry  Opdyke. 

(V).  John,   m.   Sarah   Martin  ;  had  children  :     1.  Mary  Ann,  m.  Isaac 
Smith  ;  2.  Sarah,  m.  a  Middlesworth  ;  S.  Dorcria,  m.  Sheriff  An. 
drew    Shiner ;    4.   Margaret,    unmarried  ;    5.   Lorenzo    Dow ;    6. 
Fletcher,  unmarried  ;  7.  William,  unmarried. 
(VI).  George,  b.  Feb.  2,  1789,  d.  June  17,  1853.  m.  Susan  Johnson,  b.  Oct. 
13,  1792,  d.  May  26,  1877  ;  had  ch.:     1.  Johnson  J.,  m.   Matilda 
Emery  ;  2.  Keziah,  m.  John  Potter  ;  3.  Mary,  m.  Robert  Steele  ;  4. 
Opdyke,  m.  first,  Matilda  Mott ;  second,  Ellen  Axford  ;  5.  Rebecca 
m.  Carter  Martin  ;  6.  Elisabeth,  m.  William  Martin. 
(VII).  Jacob,  b.  Dec.  28,  1790,  d.  Mar.  24,  1873,  m.  Mariah  Addis,  b.  May  6, 
1794,  d.  June,  1885  ;  had  ch. :     1.  Nelson  Nevins,  m.  Mary  E.  Hart  ; 
2.  Malinda,  m.  Robert  Ayres  ;  3.  Simon  Armenius,  m.  Mary  Car- 
hart  ;  4.  Helen,  m.  A.  Shafer  Van  Horn  ;  5.  Andrew  Jackson,  m. 
Elisabeth  Ayers  ;  6.  Harriet  Jemima. 
(VIII).  Annie,  b.  Oct.  14,  1796,  m.  Azariah  Davis. 
III.  CHRISTIAN,  b  Dec.  4,  1751,  d.  Oct  15,  1833,  m.  first,  Elisabeth  William- 
son ;  second,  Margaret  Whitesel,  b.  1767,  d.  May  6,  1850  ;  had  children 
by  first  wife : 

(I).  Chbisteon,  b.  May  10,  1793,  d.  June  20,  1862,  m.  first,  Ruth  Green, 
b.  Oct.  13,  1801,  d.  May  22,  1831  ;  second,  Elisabeth  Valentine,  b. 
Dec.  18,  1808  ;  living  now  at  Hackettstown,  N.  J. ;  had  children 

Cummins  319 

hy  first  wife  :  L  Richard  Q.,b.  Oct.  6,  1823,  d.  June  10, 1852,  unm. ; 
2.  John  Wesley,  b.  Jan.  2,  1826,  d.  April,  1865,  m.  Eveline  Van 
Pelt  ;  children  by  second  wife  :  3.  George  W.,  b.  Feb.  27,  1835,  d. 
June  29,  1862,  unmarried  ;  4.  Manning,  b.  Aug.  31,  1841,  d.  June  9, 
1864,  unmarried,  killed  in  the  army  ;  5.  Dorinda  E.,  b.  Dec.  28, 
1836,  m.  Benjamin  Schenck  ;  6,  Margaret,  b.  Jan.  23, 1840,  m.  Rev. 
Thomas  Campfleld,  d.  liar.  14,  1885. 
(II).  Anna,  b.  Oct.  18,  1783,  d.  April  26,  1813,  m.  Win,  Schenck. 
<IH).  Elisabeth,  b.  Nov.  13,  1788,  d.  Mar.  6,  1835,  m.  Richard  Wfaitesell, 

b.  Dec.  12,  1776,  d.  July  25,  1849. 
(IV).  Lydia,  b.  Dec.  4,  1790,  m.  Abram  VTiet. 
(V).  Sarah  M.,  b.  July  16,  1798,  m.  Caieb  Howell. 

(VI).  Mariah  N.,  b.   Sept.  16,    1801,  d.    188-,  m.  first,  Uzal  O.  Howell  ; 
second,  a  Bigler. 
W.  DANIEL,  b.  June  7,  1753  ;  descendants  were  found,  about  1880,  by  John 
Cummins,  fifteen  miles  from  Natchez,,  Hiss. 
V.  MARY,  b.  Dec.  27,  1754,  m.  John  Davis  ;  went  to  Kentucky,  where  their 
descendants  still  are,  near  Lexington. 
VI.  MICHAEL,  b.  Aug.  7,  1756  ;  descendants  in  Montour  Co.,  Penn. 
VII.  ANNIE,  b.  Sept.  27,  1757,  m.  Joseph  Groff. 
Vin.  JACOB,  b.  Jan.  30,  1759  ;  went  West. 
EX.  ELISABETH,  b.  Mar.  11,  1760,  m.  George  Beatty,  b.  1750  ;  lived  at  Vienna, 
New  Jersey. 
X.  JOHN  FREDERICK,  b.  Sept.  22,  1762,  d.  Sept.  21,  1814  ;  hved  at  Vienna, 
N.  J.,  m.  first,  Lydia  Sharp ;  second,  Mary  Fisher  ;  had  ch.  by  2d  wife  : 
(I).  Elijah  Woolset,  b.  April  4,  1803,  d.  Feb.  6,  1877,  m.  Rachel  Hoag- 
land,  b.  Jan.  29,  1807,  d.  Mar.  11.  1849  ;  had  ch.:     1.  Wesley,  unm., 
d.  May  6,  1890 ;  res.  on  Christeon's  homestead  ;  2.  James,  lives  in 
Michigan  ;  3.  Nancy,  m.  Alvin  Cole. 
(II).  Wesley,  m.  Sevilla  Drake;  had  ch.:     1.  George,  of  Newton,  N.  J.; 
2.  u  daughter,  m.  Dr.  Miller,  of  Newton,  N.  J. 
(III).  Hulda,  m.  Charles  Hoagland. 
(IV).  Ltbia,  m.  Jonathan  Jones. 
(V).  Macrina,  m.  Abram  Wildrick. 
(VT).  Nancy,  m.  Isaac  Wildrick. 

(VII).  John,  had  ch. :     1.  Henry;  2.  Roderick;  3.  Emma;  4.  Jemima:  5. 
DANIEL  (i),  a  brother  to  CHRISTIAN  1st  ;  had  ch.: 

I.  MATTHIAS,  b.  1762,  Feb.  2,  d.  1831,  Aug.  1,  m.  1783,  May  25,  EUeanor 
Allison,  b.  1766,  May  11,  d.  1832,  Aug.  6  ;  lived  at  Delaware  Station,  N. 
J. ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  Jane,  b.  Dec.  2,  1783,  m.  Oct.  4,  1801,  James  Ferguson  ;  lived  in  Pike 

Co.,  Pa. 
(II).  John,  b.  April  15,  1786,  d.  April  10,   1834,  m.  Feb.  28,  1811,   Annie 

Lowrey;  lived  in  Pike  Co.,  Pa. 
(III).  Charity,  b.  July  12,  1787,  d.  May  30,  1817,  m.  first,  Nov.  4,  1807, 
Allen   Coursen  ;  second,   July  6,  1816,  Matthias  Snook  ;   lived  in 
Newton,  N.  J. 
(IV).  Elisabeth,  b.  Sept.  4,  1788,  m.  May  7,  1807,  Andrew  Adams  ;  lived 
in  Pike  Co.,  Pa. ;  had  three  children. 

320  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(V).  Catherine,  b.  Aug.  6,  1790,  m.  May  3,  1808,  Cornelius  Angle. 
(VI).  Mary  Cummins,  b.  Aug.  6,  1792,  d.  Oct.  1,  1848,  m.  first,  Jan.  21, 
1815,  William  Angle,  of  Pike  Co.,  Penn. ;  second,  Peter  Coole,  of 
Delaware  Station,  N.  J. 
(VII).  Sarah  Louisa,  b.  Jan.  10,  1795,  d.  Feb.  16,  1877,  m.  Feb.  20,  1813r 
Anthony  Kirkhuff,  b.  Feb.  15,  1791,  d.  Mar.  24,  1859. 
(VIII).  Eleanor,  b.  Mar.  20,  1797,  m.  Oct.  11,  1817,  Jos.  Hay;  had  two  ch. 
(IX).  Margaret  R.,  b.  Nov.  10,  1799,  d.  Oct.  30,  1801. 
(X).  Allison,  b.  May  24,  1801,  m.  Jan.  1,  1826,  Sarah  Lowrey. 
(XI).  Jacob,  b.  Aug.  4, 1803,  d.  March  9,  1832. 
(XII).  Margaret  Ann,  b.  Dec.  11,  1805,  d.  April  30,  1827. 
(XIII).  Daniel,  b.  Jan.  13,  1809  ;  went  to  the  Mexican  War  and  never  ret'd. 
(XIV).  Matthias,  b  Nov.  3,  1810,  d.  Nov.  16,  1810. 

II.  DR.  PETER,  b.  Sept.  21,  1761,  d.  May  17,  1856,  m.  Charity  Kirkhuff,  b. 
Mar.  25,  1777,  d.  Nov.  15,  1843  ;  lived  at  Hope,  N.  J.;  had  ch.: 
(I).  John. 
(II).  Julia  Ann,  b.  Jan.  16,  1806,  d.  Oct.  6,  1874,  m.  John  Hauk,  b.  Feb. 

23,  1811,  d.  Mar.  23,  1877. 
(III).  Catherine,  b.  1800,  d.  May  10,  1844,  m.  Anderson  Dauley. 
(IV).  Jane. 

III.  JACOB,  m.  Mary  Morgan  ;  lived  in  Ohio  ;  had  children  : 

(I).  George. 

(II).  Shipman. 

(III).  Catherine,  m  a  Winters. 
(IV).  Mart,  m.  a  Prigmore. 

(V).  Eleanor,  m.  James  Quick. 
(VI).  Nancy,  m.  Barnabas  Ritenbury. 

IV.  MARY,  m.  Wm.  Snook  ;  settled  near  Lafayette,  Sussex  Co.,  N.  J. ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  Daniel. 
(II).  Jacob. 
(III).  Isaac. 
(IV).  Alfred. 
(V).  Robert. 
(VI).  Elmira. 
V.  MRS.  COX,  nothing  known  of  her. 


Rev.  FREDERICK  DALLICKER  (or  de  la  Cour),  was  b.  2  Feb.,  1738,  d.  15  Jan. 
1799  ;  ordained  ^757.  He  came  to  New  Jersey,  1768,  and  preached  at  Amwell, 
from  1768-70  ;  at  German  Valley,  Foxenburg  (or  Fairmount)  and  Alexandria 
(now  Mt.  Pleasant,  Hunterdon  Co.),  from  1768  to  1782  ;  at  Goshenhoppen, 
1782-84.  His  first  wife,  Maria  Barbara,  died  1784,  and  be  married  again,' 
1780,  Oct.  12,  Maria  Magdalena  Schuvena,  at  Falekner  Swamp.  He  is  buried 
at  the  latter  place.     He  had  children  : 

I.  MARIA  CATHARINA,  b.  18  June,  1773,  prob.  m.  John  Thomas,  16  Sept. 

1798,  at  Falekner  Swamp. 
II.  JOHN  FREDERICK,  b.  30  Dec,  1776,  prob.  m.  Catherine  Beiterman,  20 
March,  1798,  at  Falekner  Swamp. 
III.  WILHELM,  b.  10  July,  1779,  d.  19  July,  1845,  m.  Sophia  Neighbor  (dau. 
of  Leonard),  b.  IS  April,  1791,  d.  14  Aug.,  1825  ;  had  ch. ; 

Dallicker — Davis  321 

(R.  Leonard  Neighbor,  b.  20  July,  1811  ;  res.  at  Danbury,  Conn.;  had 

ch. :    1.  William,  died  unmarried  ;  2.  Eleanor;  3.  Kittie,  m.  a  Hill. 

(II).  Davtd  Welsh,  b.  22  Feb.,  1810,  m.  Matilda  Cramer  (dau.  Matthias), 

lives  at  Peapack,  N.  J. ;  has  ch. :     1.  Lyman  ;  res.  in  Virginia  ;  2. 

Henry  (deceased),  m.  Gussie  Pidcock  ;  3.  Ann,  died  young. 

{HI).  Jacob  Castner,  b. ,  m.  Eliza  Jane  Hann  (dau.  of  Johni ;  res. 

at  Middle  Valley,  X.  J. ;  had  ch. :  1.  Warren  X. ,  unmarried  ;  2. 
William,  m.  Elvina  Apgar  (dau.  of  Nathan  T.) ;  3.  Mary,  d.  when 
a  young  woman  ;  4.  Sophia,  ra.  Jacob  Ribbons  ;  5.  John,  unm. ; 
res.  at  Brooklyn. 

(IV).  William,  b. ,  m.  Caroline  Brunner  (dau.  of  Henry);  res.  near 

Haekettstown,  N.  J. ;  has  ch. :     1.  Augustus  H.,  m.  Clara  Schenck ; 
2.  Frederick  D,  m.  Maggie  Parks;  3.  Harry,  m.  Kate  Trimmer 
(dau.  of  Andrew) ;  4.  Carrie,  unm. ;  5.  William,  unm. 
(V).  George. 
(VI).  Frederick,  m.  first,  Melinda  Stephens  (dau.  of  William);  second, 

Helen  Pell  ;  res.  at  Trenton  ;  has  ch. ;     Kittie,  unmarried. 
(VII).  Samuel,  unmarried,  in  California. 
iVIin.  John,  unmarried,  in  Ohio. 


SILVANUS    D.    DAVIES   (as  the  name  was  originally  spelled),   came  to  this 
country  not  long  before  1802.     He  was  the  son  of  John,  who  lived  at  Treunnd- 
sor,    Parish    of   Llangoidmor,    County  of  Cardigan,    South    Wales.    Great 
Britain.     He  was  born  27  June,  1762,  d.  12  April,  1830,  m.  first,  6  June,  1795, 
Sinah  Davis,  d.  25  July,  1802  ;  second,  Mary  Hiler  ;  had  ch.: 
I.  ENOCH,  b.  6  March,  d.  9  March,  1796. 
II.  ANN,  b.  1  March,  1797. 
in.  ELINOR,  b.  31  Aug.,  1798. 

IV.  HANNAH,  b.  27  June,  1800,  m.  Maurice  Moore  ;  res.  Illinois  or  Ohio  ;  had 
thirteen  children  :    John,  of  Crawford,  Ohio  ;  Mary  Ann,  m.  Jackson 
Carson  ;  Elisabeth,  m.  Thomas  Kemp,  of  Huron  Co. ;  Davis,  m.  Hannah 
Fleming  and  res.  Michigan  ;  Margaret,  m.  Findlay  Leonard,  of  Seneca 
Co.,  Ohio  ;   Martha,  m.  George  Carson  ;   Maurice,  deceased  ;   Buniuth 
(0 ;  Hannah,  m.  a  Philhower  ;  Theodore ;  Frank,  m.  a  Free  ;  Louisa,  m. 
Si.  Hoffman  ;  the  13th  not  given. 
V.  SINAH,  b.  25  July,  1802,  m.  John  Hoffman  (s.  of  Henry  M.) ;  settled  on 
the  farm  near  Pottersville,  where  Peter  P.  Philhower  now  (1893)  resides. 
VI.  MARY,  by  second  wife,  b.  13  June,  d.  18  June,  1804. 
VII.  MARY,  b.  22  June,  1807,  d.  14  Feb.,  1890. 

VIII.  JOHN,  b.  4  May,  1810,  d.  1  June,  1889,  m.  10  Feb.,  1837,  Ruth  Pickel  (dau. 
George  M.) ;  had  eh. : 
(I).  Melvina,  b.  24  Nov.,  1837,  m.  Isaiah  Hoffman,  who  d.  26  March, 

(II).  George  P.,  b.  17  Oct.,  1839,  m.  Fanny  King  ;  res.  at  Martinville, 

Somerset  Co. 
(LID.  John,  b.  18  Jan.,  1844,  m.  Harriet  Perry  (dau.  of  George);  res.  at 

Pottersville,  N.  J. 
(IV).  Sarah,  b.  8  June,  1841,  d.  28  March,  1843. 
(V).  Harriet  C,  b.  9  Sept.,  1845,  m.  Wm.  H.  Vactor,  of  Martinville. 

32-  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(VI).  James  K.,  b.  21  Jan.,  1847,  m.  Elisabeth  Crater  (dau.  of  Amos);  owns 
farm  of  100  acres  at  Hacklebarney  scho  '1  house  ;  has  3  children. 
(VII).  Henry  P.,  m.  Josephine  Richey  and  lives  in  Iowa. 
(VIII).  Jacob  H.,  b.  20  April,  1851,  m.  Fanny  Losey;  res  at  WMtehouse. 
(IX).  Harvey,  b.  15  Aug.,  1853,  m.  Kate  Apgar  :  res.  at  Glen  Gardner. 
(X).  Martin  Luther,  b.  21  July,  1850,  m.  Catherine  Anderson  (dau.  of 
Daniel) ;  res.  at  Liberty  Corners,  Somerset  Co. 
(XI).  William  E.,  b.  28  July.  I860,  m.  Alice  Welsh  ;  res.  Morristown,  N.  J. 
A  brother  of  Silvanus  also  came  to  this  country  but  has  never  been  heard  of. 
FULE  DAVIS,  has  a  grant  of  land  9  Oct.,  1642,  in  Southampton  (?) ;  1665  is  a  res- 
ident of   East  Hampton,  and   1660  of  Jamaica ;  m.  in   East  Hampton,    Mary 
(widow,  first,  of  James  Haines  ;  second,  of  Ralph  Dayton) ;  had  ch. : 
I.  JOHN. 

III.  JONATHAN,  rem.  to  Hopewell,  Hunterdon  Co.,  N.  J. 

IV.  ZECHARIAH;  hadch.: 

(I).  John. 
(II).  Sabah. 
(III).  Joseph,  and  perhaps  others. 
V.  and  VI.  Perhaps  ABIEL  and  ELDAD.     [See  History  of  Southampton  by 
Howell,  p.  424]. 

JOSEPH  and  ELDAD  on  tax  list  of  Hopewell  twp.,  Hunterdon  Co.,  1722.  John 
and  Jonathan  are  among  the  trustees  to  receive  deed  for  burial  place  in 
Trenton,  1709.  From  1700  on  John,  Abiel  and  Jonathan  appear  in  history  of 
Trenton.  [Historical  Collections,  282].  Caleb  and  Jonathan  subscribe  to 
Meeting  House  in  Orange,  1753,  and  in  1769,  July  9,  Timothy  has  a  6on  Sil- 
vanus, bap.  at  same  place.  Joris  (George)  and  Judith  have  Judith  bap.  (on 
Somerville  records)  25  May,  1732  Joris  and  Mary  Brokaw  have  bap.  (on 
Somerville  records)  Jannetie,  5  Jan.,  1779  ;  Bergun,  8  Feb.,  1784  ;  Abraham, 
20  Dec,  1786.  Bergun,  and  Sarah  Schamp  have  bap.  (Somerville  records) 
George,  26  Feb.,  1809;  Peter  Schamp,  30  Aug.,  1810;  John,  25  Oct.,  1812; 
David,  11  Oct.,  1814  ;  Isaac,  7  July,  1817  ;  Margaret  Schamp,  28  March,  1819  ; 
Sarah,  23  Nov.,  1823.  John,  has  land  granted  to  him  in  Newark,  20  May,  1676 
and  Stephen  likewise,  19  Aug.,  1675.  Thomas  receives  land  at  Bound  Brook, 
1712.  James  iperh.  s.  of  Jonathan,  of  Trenton),  leaves  will,  "Newark,"  2 
April,  prob.  14  May,  1747,  who  names  wife  Phebe  and  ch  :  Mary,  Rebecca, 
Thomas,  Margaret,  Sarah  ;  "my  brother  Jonathan." 

JOHN.  m.  Mary  Cummins  (dau.  of  Christian),  b.  1754,  Dec.  27  ;  rem.  to  Kentucky. 

AZARIAH,  m.  Amue  Cummins  (dau.  of  Philip),  b.  1790,  Oct.  4  ;  had  ch. :  Mary, 
m.  Brazil  Williams  ;  Margaret,  m.  Charles  Ribble  ;  Amanda,  m.  Lewis  Den- 
nis ;  Adaline,  m.  Rev.  Mr.  Malsbery  ;  Susan,  m.  John  Ayers  ;  Samuel,  unm. ; 
Sarah,  m.  James  Goodale. 

DANIEL  is  said  to  have  rem.  to  Montague  twp.,  Sussex  Co.,  1740  and  had  two  ch. : 
Elisabeth  and  Mary,  wife  of  Isaac  Everett.  Daniel  may  be  a  descendant  of 
Joseph  of  Brookbaven  whose  will,  1690,  names  ch  :  Joseph,  Benjamin, 
Samuel,  Daniel  and  Mary. 

DEATS  or  TEAT5. 

There  are  three  of  this  family  who  might  be  brothers,  ADAM,  CHRISTIAN 
and  JACOBUS.     The  name  is  spelled  Dietz,  Ditz,  Deates,  Deats  and  Teat*. 



ADAM  may  be  the  same  who  was  m.  in  New  York,  1729,  April  21,  to  Catherine 
Schonenberg  ;  the  wife,  mentioned  in  his  will  as  Mary,  may  have  been  his 
second  wife.  He  bought,  1747,  Xov.  26,  208  acres  in  Amwell  twp.,  of  Mary 
Kirkbride  ;  naturalized  by  act  of  council,  1744,  with  Hendrick  ;  the  name  of 
the  latter,  however,  may  be  an  error  fo  Dils.  He  was  an  elder  of  the  "  High 
Dutch  Calviaistical  Church,"  of  a  mwell,  at  Bingoes.  1747  ;  his  will  of  1769, 
Feb.  20,  prob.  March  25,  names  wife,  Mary,  and  eleven  children  : 

I.  PETER,  perhaps  "  Peter,  Sen."  who  was  witness  at  the  bap.  at  Still- 
water, of  a  dau  of  the  following  Peter,  and  was  therefore  husband  of 
Maria  Catharine,  who  is  buried  at  Stillwater.  She  was  born  22  July, 
1719,  d.  17  Feb.,  1796.  A  Peter  was  witness  to  a  mortgage  at  Amwell  in 
1768.  Peter,  1st,  prob.  had  ch. : 
(I).  Peter,  m.  Mary,  and  had  ch. : 

1.  Elisabeth,  b.  1775,  March  18,  m.  Conrad  Diether,  1795,  Nov.  S. 

2.  Margaret,  b.  1777,  Feb.  15. 

3.  Anna,  b.  1780,  Sept.  17. 

4.  Adam,   (perh.  s.  of  Peter),  b.  1788,  d.   1855,  April  24,  at  67  ;  m. 

Hannah,  b.  1791,  d.  1853,  Dec.  29,  at  62. 

5.  Jacob,  (perh.  s.  of  Peter),  m.  Sarah  ;  had  ch.:     (1).  Juliana,  b. 

1798,  Feb.  23.    (2).  Johannes,  b.  1800,  Aug.  IK.    (3).  Johann  Jacob, 
b.  1802,  Aug.  30.     (4).  Elisabeth,  b.  1804,  Aug.  22.     (5).  Sarah,  b. 
1806,  April  10.     (6).  Maria,  b.  1808.  March  20. 
II.  JACOBUS,  perhaps  d.  intestate,  1784-5  (Trenton,  Lib.  5,  fol.  26) ;  lived  on 
Mt.  Carruel  tract,  next  to  Peter  Hoffman  ;  had  perhaps  one  child  : 
(I).  Jacob,  b.  1763,  d.  1835,  Oct.  23,  at  72,  m.  Elisabeth  Bird,  b.  1777,  d. 
1840,  July  11,  at  63  ;  his  will  was  prob.  1835,  Dec.  12  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Mary,  m.  Godfrey  Bulmer. 

2.  Barbara,  m.  Philip  Philhower. 

3.  Eva,  m.  a  Bulmer. 

4.  Peter  R.,  m.  Rachel  Schuyler  (dau.  of  Andrew);  had  ch. :     ill. 

Andrew  S.,  m.  Mary  Auble.  (2).  Dorothea,  m.  Philip  Apgar. 
(3).  Fanny,  m.  Charles  Glazier.  i4).  Mary,  rn.  John  Smith.  (5). 
Elisabeth,  m.  Noah  Hoffman.  (6).  Peter,  m.  Caroline  Buchanan. 
(7).  George,  m.  Mary  Rowe.  (8).  Susan,  m.  Oliver  Perry.  (9). 
Rachel,  m.  George  Thurston.  (10).  Jane,  m.  George  N.  Burrill. 
(11).  Jacob,  ra.  Jane  Read.     (12).  Isaac,  m.  Sarah  Sutton.     (13). 

Sophia,  m.  William  Roberts.     (14).  Mantius  H.,  m.  Ellen . 

(15).  Elmira,  m.  Lambert  Crater.  (16).  John  M.,  m.  Elisabeth 
Felmly  (dau.  of  John  C).  (17).  Garner,  m.  Adaline  Alpaugh 
(dau.  of  Stephen  R.  H.). 

5.  A  vn,  m.  Jonathan  Heath. 

6.  Jacob,  was  unmarried. 

III.  HONIS  iJohannes  or  John). 

IV.  WILLIAM  DEITZ,  lived  4  miles  N.  W.  of  Flemington,  and  was  the  son 

perhaps  of  Adam  1st.     He  had  wife  Mary,  and  three  children  ;  his  will, 
1824,  Feb.  13,  prob.  1820,  Feb.  8.     He  had  ch. : 
(I).  Anna,  m.  William  Brown. 

(II).  John,  b.  1709,  Feb.  1,  d.  1841,  May  1,  m.  Ursula  Barton  (dau.  Capt. 
Elisha),  b.  1767,  Jan.  20,  d.  1853,  Oct.  8  ;  he  had  ch.: 
1.  Elisha,  b.  1800,  Feb.  10,  d.  1862,  June  1. 

324  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

2.  Rhoda,  b.  1803,  Oct.  81,  m.  Israel  Thurston. 

3.  Gilbert,  b.  1808,  Feb.  25,  d.  1870,  Sept.  28,  m.  Anna  Margaret 

Obendorf,  b.  11  June,  1812,  d.  27  March,  1879  ;  hadtwosons  :  (1). 
Peter  Collins,  b.  13  Aug.,  1850,  m.  11  Oct.,  1854,  Jennie  Robinson; 
had  Lester,  b.  24  Sept.,  1883,  Harry,  b.  6  June,  1886,  Frederick, 
b.  11  June,  1888.  (2).  Hiram,  Jr.,  b.  10  Sept.,  1853,  m.  Melissa 
Mason,  b.  3  June,  1859,  and  they  nave  Gilbert  Mason,  b.  29  Mar., 
1883,  Julia  Edna,  b.  16  Mar.,  1885,  and  Walter,  b.  21  May,  1888. 

4.  Hiram,  b.  10  April,  1810,  d.  22  Nov.,  1887,  m.  first,  10  Nov.,  1838, 

Rebecca  Higgins  (dau.  of  Jonathan  of  Hillsborough,  Somerset 
Co.),  b.  26  June,  1820,  d.  6  Aug.,  1862 :  second,  28  Nov.,  1865, 
Elmira  Stevenson  (dau.  of  John),  b.  12  Dec,  1830  ;  had  children  : 
Jonathan  B.,  b.  8  Nov.,  1840,  d.  16  Aug.,  1850  ;  Emley  Olden,  b. 
13  Sept.,  1842,  d.  31  Oct.,  1866  ;  Lemuel  Madison,  b.  23  June, 
1845,  m.  Sarah  Ellen  Hoff.  15  Oct.,  1867,  d.  26  July,  1879  ; 
Rebecca  Julia,  b.  11  Oct.,  1848,  m.  Porter  C.  Little,  21  Jan.,  1880, 
d.  22  July,  1882  :  by  2d  wife,  Hiram  Edmund,  b.  20  May,  1870. 

V.  ADAM,  in.  Eva  Hoffman  (dau.  of  Henry  1st) ;  lived  on  farm  now  owned 

by  Peter  T.  Teats  ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  Adam,  m.  Margaret  Apgar(dau.  of  Peter,  the  son  of  Adam) ;  hadch.: 

1 .  Boy  died  young. 

2.  Peter  T.,  m.  Catherine  Hoffman  (dau.  of  Peter);  had  ch.:     (1). 

George  A.,  m.  first,  Mary  Ann  Alpock  (dau.  of  Will.  P.) ;  second, 
Becky  Parks  wife  of  Jons  Vernoy.     (2).  Jeremiah,  m.  Jane  Lance 
(dau.  of  Will.).     (3).  Annie,  m.  Peter  N.  Honeyman  (s.  of  John). 
(4).  David  F.,  m.   Ellen   Fisher   (dau.   of   Henry).      (5).   Emily 
Mariah,  m.  Frank  Sutton  (s.  of  John). 
3   Mariah,  m.  George  A.  Teats  (s.  of  Peter),  cousins. 
4.  Emily,  m.  George  B.  Lindabury. 
(II).  Heinrich,  b.  1770,  May  22. 

(III).  Margaret,  b.  1772,  March  28,  m.  Jacob  Shueler  (s.  of  Philip). 
(IV).  Anna,  b,  1774,  Feb.  20. 
(V).  John,  b.  1777,  May  16,  m.  Eva  Apgar  (dau.  of  Herbert  1st) ;  had  ch. ; 

1.  Henry,  m.  "Pop"  Conover  (dau.  of  Garret). 

2.  Morris,  m.  Catherine  Apgar  (dau.  of  Nicholas). 

3.  Mary,  m.  Peter  Alpock  (s.  of  Peter). 

4.  Peter,  m.  Mary  Tiger  (s.  of  George);  had  ch.;    (1).  Hannah,  m. 

John  Rowe.  (2).  George,  m.  first,  Maria  Teats  (dau.  of  Adam 
2d) ;  second,  Ellen  Hoffman  (dau.  of  Peter  I). 

5.  Adam,  died  young. 

6.  Sophia,  m.  Noah  Hoffman  (s.  of  Henry  and  Anna). 

(VI).  Peter,  b.  1779,  Feb.  11,  m.  Mary  Apgar  (dau.  of  Herbert  1st). 


VII.  CHRISTEEN  (Christena). 
IX.  MARYN  (prob.  Mary  Ann). 

XI.  ELISABETH,  perhaps  wife  of  Henry  Hockenbury  ;  buried  at  Lebanon, 
N.  J.,  b.  1744,  d.  1811,  July  3,  at  67. 
CHRISTIAN  had  wife  Anna  Maria  ;  may  have  been  the  son  of  Jacobus  1st  ;  he  had 

Deaxs — DeCue  325 

(I).  Jacob,  b.  1769. 
(II).  John,  b.  1771,  March  16. 
(HI).  Wiuhelm,  b.  1773,  Dec.  6. 
{TV).  Adam,  b.  1776.  Aug.  13. 

(V).  Morritz,  b.  1779,  Jan.  2. 
(VI).  Henrich,  b.  1782.  July  22. 
This  information  from  the  Lebanon  baptismal  record  is  all  we  can  learn  of  this 
last  family. 

A  Christlaen  Tieds,  and  wife  Eva,  had  child  Antje,  bap.  at  Readington,  1733. 
June  10. 

On  West  Jersey  Soc  lands  of  Alexandria  twp.,  were  found,  in  1766-1792,  Chris- 
topher and  Jacob  Diets  or  Dilts. 

Records  of  Reformed  Church  of  Falkner  Swamp,  married  1750,  Jan.  9,  Peter 
Dietz  to  Catharina  Frohnbach.  Wilhelm  Dietz  was  the  first  shoemaker  among  the 
Germans  on  Rensellaerwyck  Manor,  New  York  State,  about  1711-20. 


ISAAC  DE  COU  (Decoux,  De  Cow,  DeCoe,  DeCue),  probably  came  from  Arvert 
in  France  after  the  Revocation  of  the  Edict  of  Nantes.  "  Marie  Decoux,  fugi- 
tive d'  Arvert"  {BaircVs  Huguenots].  Isaac  arrived  at  Burlington,  N.  J.,  in 
the  ship  Shields.  He  died  before  1692,  as  his  widow,  Rebecca,  married  Francis 
Davenport,  the  12th  day  of  8th  month,  1692.  JACOB  De  Cou  receives  a  deed 
from  Hugh  Hutchins  in  1696  for  land  in  Mannsfield  twp.  [Salem  Co.  (].  Jacob 
had  a  brother  ISAAC,  who  was  Surveyor-General  of  New  Jersey. 

JACOB,  prob.  s.  of  Isaac,  m.  21  Dec,  1699,  Elisabeth  Newbold.     In  his  will,  1735, 
he  gives  to  his  son.  Jacob,  500  acres  in  Sussex  Co. ;  to  his  son  Eber,  200  acres  of 
the  homestead  farm  ;  while  Isaac  is  said  to  have  previously  received  his  share ; 
had  ch.: 
I.  SUSANNA,  b.  23  Feb.,  1703. 
II.  REBECCA,  b.  23  Feb.,  1703. 


IV.  ESTHER,  b.  22  March.  1705. 
V.  ELISABETH,  b.  19  Dec,  1708. 

VI.  JACOB,  b.  19  Feb.,  1710 
Vn.  EBER,  b.  6  Feb.,  1712. 
VIII.  ABI,  b.  24  May,  1714. 
JOHN  DECUE,  of  Warren  Co.,  perhaps  great-grandson  of  Jacob,  had  children, 
one  of  whom  was  by  the  first  wife  : 
I.  JANE,  b.  4  May,  1783. 
II.  SARAH,  b.  4  Oct.,  1790. 

III.  ELISABETH,  b.  22  May,  1792. 

IV.  JACOB,  b.  21  Aug.,  1794,  d.  in  N.  Y. ;  had  two  sons  and  one  daughter. 
V.  ANNA,  b.  18  Dec,  1796. 

VI.  MARGARET,  b.  15  May,  1799. 
VII.  MARY.  b.  10  June,  1801. 
VHI.  REBECCA,  b.  10  Jan.,  1804. 
IX.  EUPHEMIA,  b.  30  June,  1806. 

X.  JOHN  AXFORD,  b.  27  Oct.,  1808 ;  came  to  German  Valley,  and  bought 
a  farm  near  Bartleyville,  now  owned  and  occupied  by  his  heirs  ;  has  one 
son,  John,  and  three  daughters. 

326  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

DE  CAriP, 

LAURENS  JANS  [LawTens,  or  Lawrence,  the  son  of  John]  DE  CAMP,  came  to 
New  Amsterdam,  1664  ;  took  the  oath  of  allegiance,  Kings  Co.,  26-30  Sept., 
1687  ;  prob.  had  at  least  one  son,  HENDRICK.  son  of  Laurens  Jans  ;  "  Hend- 
rick  de  Kampj.  m.  V.  K:  Utrecht.  Wonende  op  Staten  ylandt,  met  Maria 
de  Lamars,  j.  d.  Van  de  Bowery ;  ingeschreven  den  SO  Maart,  qetrowi  den  11 
April,  2704."  (Records  of  Ref.  D.  Church,  N.  Y.)  Translation  :  Hendrick 
de  Camp,  young  man  of  New  Utrecht,  living  on  Staten  Island,  [was  married) 
to  Mar}-  de  Lamars.  young  maiden,  of  the  Bowery  ;  banns  proclaimed,  the  30 
March,  married  the  17th  of  April,  1704.  Hendrick's  will,  dated,  Woodbridge, 
4  June,  prob.  7  Dec,  1771,  (Trenton  Lib.  K.  fol.  370)  names  grdsons,  Ezekiel 
(s.  of  Lawrence) ,  John  Is.  of  Benjamin  j ,  Joseph  (s.  of  Lambert) ,  grdson  Ezekiel, 
with  David  DeCamp,  3rd,  one  of  the  witness.  He  names  ch. : 
I.  LOUWERENS  [Lawrence],  bap.  in  N.  Y.,  18  Feb.,  1705  ;  deceased  at 

date  of  his  father's  will,  June  4.  1771  ;  assessed  in  Franklin  twp.,  Som. 

Co.,  1745,  for  125  acres  ;  had  ch.  (at  least) : 

(I) .  Ezekiel,  mentioned  in  his  grandfather's  will. 
II.  HENRY,  calls  himself  "Quaker,"  in  his  will,  dated,  Middlesex,  31  Oct., 

177C,  prob.  30  May,  1785,  (Trenton.  Lib.  27,  fol.  201) ;  his  will  names  ch. : 

(I).  Enoch,  prob.  had  sons  lor  grandsons,  or  even  great-grandsons) : 

1.  Enoch,  m.  twice,  and  had  at  least  one  child  by  each  wife  : 

(1).  Zachaeiah.  b.  16  Jan.,  1780,  d.  4  June,  1840,  m.  first,  7  Nov., 
1801,  Experience  Halsey,  b.  23  Dec,  1782,  d.  18  Dec,  1831,  from 
Long  Island,  sister  of  Pain  Brown's  wife  ;  second,  Eliza  Stout 
(dau.  of  '  homas,  of  Chester) ;  had  ch  :  (a).  David  Schuyler, 
b.  5  May,  1804,  m.  Rebecca  Horton  (dau.  of  Hiram),  and  had, 
Hiram  H.,  m.  Althea  Lane  (dau.  of  Abram  and  Sarah  ;  Stephen 
Halsey,  m.  Catherine  Crouse ;  Mary  Eugene,  d.  at  8 ;  Alonzo  D. , 
m.  Lauretta  Dixson  (dau.  of  Cyrus,  of  N.  Y.) ;  E.  Louise,  unm. ; 
Alfred  Eugene,  m.  Kate  Ming  (dau.  of  Charles  and  Susan) ; 
Hattie  E.,  m.  William  E.  Deats  (s.  of  John  and  Sarah) ;  Silas  O., 
m.  Emma  Hall,  of  Denville  ;  (b).  Moses  Halsey,  b.  29  Jan., 
1803,  had  one  child,  Experience  Ann,  m.  Henry  Warner  ;  (c). 
John,  res.  at  Chester  Cross  Roads. 

(2).  John,  of  Jefferson  twp. ;  built  a  forge,  called  Upper  Longwood 
about  1800. 

2.  Aaron. 

3.  John. 
(II).  Job. 

(III).  Zacharlah  ;  had  son  Kimble. 
(TV).  Phebe,  m.  an  Ackorn. 
(V).  Elisabeth,  m.  Thomas  Scudder. 
(VI).  Mercy,  m.  an  Hetfield. 

(VII).  Sarah,  m.  Will  Gilman  ;  mentions  in  will  "my  kinsman"  Joseph 
Decamp,  of  Rahway,  N.  J. 
III.  LAMBERT,  m.  Mary;  his  will  mentions,  "land  lately  belonging  to  my 
father  Hendrick  ;"  will,  dated.  Elisabeth,  Essex  Co.,  1784,  4th  day  of  10th 
month,  sworn  at  Newark,  4  Oct.,  17W0,  names  wife  Mary  and  ch. : 
(I).  Henry,  ("eldest")  prob.  hadch.: 

1.  Squire  John,  m.  Deborah  Morris  (dau.  of  John) ;  had  son  Samuel 

DeCamp — DeRose  327 

G.  Johnson  Decamp,  who  married  Nancy  Wood  (dau.  of  Clement) 
and  was  father  of  Commodore  John  De  Camp  of  the  late  war. 
3.   Lemuel,  had  a  forge  at  Waterloo. 

3.  David  ;  resided  near  Succasunna. 

4.  Joseph,  m.  Jane  F.  Tuttle  (dau.  of  Moses) ;  lived  at  lit.  Pleasant ; 

hadch.:  (1).  Lewis;  (2).  James;  (3).  Chilion  F.;  (4).  Mary,  m. 
John  Hinchman,  of  X.  Y. ;  (5).  Cornelia,  m.  Chilion  Beach  ;  (6). 
Susan,  m.  Guy  Hinchman,  of  Dover. 

5.  Moses,  m.  a  Carpenter  ;  died  near  Chester  ;  had  a  son  John,  who 

received  money  for  him,  1816. 
<II).  Lambert. 
i III).  David. 
<IV) .  Moses,  prob.  m.  Sarah  and  had  at  least, 

1.  Ezekxel,  m.  Mary  Baker  (dau.  of  Daniel  and  Margaret  Osborn), 
b.  25  June,  1780  :  had  ch. :     (1).  Phebe,  m.  a  Hand  is.  of  Ellis) ;  (2) 
Hannah,  m.  a  Hand  (s.  of  Ellis);  (3).  David;  14).  Hiram;  (5). 
Walter;  (6).  Hervy ;  [7).  John;  (8).  Joseph;  (!)).  Margaret:  (10). 
Mary;  (11).  Sarah;  (12).  Moses;  (13).  Job. 
(V).  James. 
(VI).  Elisabeth. 
(VIIi.  Leah. 
(VIII).  Joseph,  prob.  the  one  whose  will,  dated  Oct.  18,  1780,  prob.  Oct.  28. 
names  ch. :     1.  Caleb  ;  2.  Ephraim. 
IV.  JOHN,  of  Essex  Co. ;  will,  dated  Feb.  9,  1764,  prob.  May  28,  1766.  (Tren- 
ton, Lib.  H,  fol.  610),  names  ch.: 
(I).  Aaron. 

(II).  John,  had  eldest  son.  Lawrence. 
(III).  Sarah,  m.  a  Oughtletree. 
(IV).  Mart.  m.  a  Van  Namen. 
(V).  Dinah,  m.  a  Powers. 
V.  BENJAMIN,  d.  1771  ;  had  at  least  one  sou  John. 
VI.  ELICHEE,  prob.  m.  a  Lovee. 
VII.  CHRISTIAN,  prob.  m.  a  Woodruff. 


JOHN  J.  DE  ROSE  left  will,  prob.  31  Jan.,  1832  ;  came  from  England  early  in 
this  century  and  purchased  the  Beswick  tract,  called  the  English  settlement, 
along  the  Musconetcong  river,  along  with  James  Rusling  and  Anthony  Raw- 
lings  :  a  dispute  arose  about  the  title  of  this  property  with  the  Beswick  heirs, 
and  an  agreement  was  entered  into  in  1818,  by  which  the  property  was  divided 
and  the  contest  settled  ;  will  names  wife  Elisabeth  and  ch. : 

in.  MARY. 


328  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 


PHILEMON  DICKERSON,  b.  England,  1598,  d.  1672,  at  74  ;  m.  Mary  Paine,  art 
Salem,  b.  1611,  d.  1  March,  1697,  at  86  ;  Philemon  shipped,  10  May,  1637,  as  a 
passenger  in  the  "Mary  Anne,"  named  as  a  servant  of  Benj.  Cooper,  husband- 
man, of  Brampton,  Suffolk   Co.,  England,    "desirous  of  passing  to  Salem  in 
New  England,  there  to  inhabit"  ;  1639  at  Salem,  a  tanner  ;  1641,  freeman  of 
Salem  ;  1646-50.  settled  in  Southold,  L.  I. ;  1662,  freeman  of  Conn.;  1665,  June 
20,  his  will,  prob.  28  Oct.,  1672  ;  had  ch.: 
I.  ELISABETH,  b.  1646  at  Salem. 
II.  PETER,  b.  1648,  d.  15  March,  1721-2,  at  73-4,  m.  Naomi  Mapes  (dau.  of 
Thomas),  b.  1648  (1668  ?),  d.  4  March,  1725,  at  58  ;  in  1686  has  three  males 
and  one  female  in  the  ■  ;  has  ch. : 

(I).  John,  d.  1758,  m.  Abigail,  1710;  will,  3  Dec.,  1757,  prob.  23  May, 
1758  (N.  T.  City) ;  had  children,  John,  Selah,  Deborah,  William  ; 
said  to  be  father  of  the  three  brothers  who  went  to  N.  J.,  but  this 
is  improbable. 
(ID  Thomas,  d.  12  July,  1725  (or  1724)  at  53,  m.  Abigail  Reeve,  1715  or  6 
(dau.  of  Joseph,  who  prob.  m.  afterwards  Chas.  Wager,  1737);  his 
will  27  May,  1725,  prob.  10  April,  1739,  names  wife  and  6  children  : 

1.  Thomas,  came  to  N.  J.  with  his  three  brothers,  Daniel,  Joshua, 

Peter  ;  perhaps  had  grandson  : 

(1).  Thomas,  whose  will,  "  Roxbury,"  6  May,  1834,  prob.  17 
March,  1835,  names  wife,  Elisabeth  and  ch.:  (a).  Julia,  m. 
Septimius  King  ;  (b).  Eliza,  m.  James  C.  Oliver  ;  (c). 
Mary  Dickerson;  (d).  Clarissa,  m.  Philip  Dufford  ;  (e). 
Sallie,  m.  James  McCord  ;  (f).  Ann  Dickerson;  (g).  Cor- 
nelius S. 

2.  Daniel,   will,   "Roxbury,"  30  April,  1778,   prob.   9   Sept.,   1796, 

names  wife  Mary  and  six  children  : 

(1).  Abraham,  b.  1744,  d.  1814,  m.  three  wives,  one  of  whom  wa 
Abigail  Douglas  from  Newark  ;  inherits  "90  acres  near 
Thorn.  Dickerson ;"  she  was  b.  1740,  d.  May,  1765,  at  25  : 
had  ch. :  (a) .  Abraham,  b.  1775,  d.  26  March,  1841,  at  66,  of 
Chester,  m.  Damaris  Haines,  b.  I"i75,  d.  23  Aug.  1851  ;  had 
ch.:  Sallie.  b.  1793,  d.  30  May,  1813  ;  Alonzo  ;  William,  b. 
1796,  d.  1813  ;  Spafford,  ra.  a  Tilden,  sister  to  the  former 
Gov.  of  N .  Y. ;  Philander,  m.  a  lady  from  Utica.  (b) .  Sam- 
uel, m.  Hannah  Leek  ;  had  ch  :  Elijah,  unm. ;  Rhoda  ; 
Abraham  Talmage,  b.  1794,  d.  14  March,  1883,  at  89.  (c). 
Abigail,  m.  John  Kenan,  and  went  with   him  to  Seneca 

Lake.     (d).  Julianna,  m. . 

(2).  Daniel,  will  "  Hanover,"  13  Jan.  and  April  21,  1826,  names 
five  children  and  seven  grandchildren  : 
(a).  Nathaniel. 
(b).  Thomas  (deceased);  had  ch. : 

(aa).  Daniel,  of  Rockaway,  will  prob.  8  Jan.,  1847,  m. 
Elisabeth  Doremus  (dau.  of  Abraham) ;  her  will  prob.  23 
Sept.,  1851;  had  ch.:  Nathaniel ;  William  H.;  Mary 
Jane  ;  Eliza ;  Kancy  Catharine,  (bb).  William,  (cc). 
John,  m.  Phebe  Smith  ;  had  ch. :    Sarah  Ann  ;  Mahlon 


H.;  Aaron ;  Eunice  ;  John  S.  (dd).  Mahlon.  num.  (ee). 
Stephen,  m.  Nancy  Smith  ;  had  ch. :  Daniel ;  Charles ; 
Stephen;  Wesley;  Eliza;  Adaline;  Caroline;  Mary; 
H'tty,  m.  Davis  Lyon.  (ff).  Chilion,  m.  Ann  ;  had  ch. : 
Edwin;  George;  Maria;  Sarah  Jane.  igg).  Jane,  m. 
William  Casterline.  (hh).  Silas,  m.  Phebe  ;  had  ch.: 
Silas ;  Stephen  ;  Charlotte  ;  Jane.  (ii).  Aaron,  drowned 
in  Dover,  when  young,  ij j) .  Josiah,  had  Jane,  m.  Ger- 
ret  Stout,  of  Red  Bank,  N.  J.,  and  Elmie. 
(c).  Aaron,  m.  Eunice,  without  issue  ;  left  his  property  to 
the  heirs  of  his  brother  Thomas  ;  his  will  was  prob.  18 
Sept.,  1837,  and  his  wife's  4  Jan.,  1838. 
id).  Daniel,  of  Succasunna,  m.  Nancy  Hart ;  had  ch. :  Julia 
Ann ;  William ;  Rachel,  m.  Alexander  Snyder  :  Abigail, 
m.  John  S.  MacDougal  ;  Robert:  Abraham;  Mary,  m. 
Charles  Landon  ;  Lewis ;  Silas ;  James. 
le).  Lewis,   removed  to   Canada,  near   Montreal  ;   had  ch. : 

Silas  and  Mary  Ann. 
(f).  James,  m.  a  Hart ;  had  ch. :     Francis,  m.  a  Mills  ;  Mary 
Ann;  John;  Dr.  Benjamin;  Monroe;  William;  Silas; 
(g).  Phebe,  m.  Ephraim  Howard. 
(h).  Makt.  m.  William  Roff. 
(i).  Rhoda,  m.  Stephen  Moore. 
i3).  Nathaniel,  will   "Roxbury,"  1797,    May  16  and  June  13, 
(Trenton,  Lib.  33,  492),  names  wife  Tabitha  and  eh.:     (a). 
Nathaniel,  ("only  son");  division  of  his  property,  1828,  in 
Roxbury,  names  ch.  {'.):    Jeremiah  P.:  Elis.  Reger  ;  Peter 
G.,   [whose   will,  "Roxbury,"  prob.   16  Sept..  1^54.  names 
wife  Phebe  and  ch.,  Abby  Maria,   John   M.,  Mary   Ann, 
William  C,  and  three  brothers-in-law,  John    L.    Pool,  of 
Mendham,  and  Henry  Pool  and  William  C.  Pool,  of  Ran- 
dolph] ;    Joanna  ;  Abraham  ;    Benjamin  ;   Ezra  ;    Martha. 
(b).  Sarah,     (c)    Tabitha      (d).  Mary.     (e).  Elisabeth,     (f). 

Peter,  "  Capt."  b.  1724  at  Southold,  L.  I.,  d.  10  May,  1780,  at  56  ; 
buried  at  Morristown,  N.  J.,  where  his  tombstone  is  found  upon 
which  is  the  statement  that  he  came  to  Morris  Co.  from  L.  I.  in 
the  year  1745  with  three  brothers,  Thomas.  Joshua  and  Daniel, 
and  a  sister,  Elisabeth;  m.  first,  Ruth  Coe  (dau.  of  Joseph),  20 
Oct.,  1745  :  second,  Sarah  [Armstrong]  Oharra,  widow  of  John, 
7  Nov.,  1763  ;  will,  Trenton.  Lib.  22,  fol.  337  ;  had  oh. : 
(1).  Mart,  b.  31  March,  1746,  m.  David  Case,  of  Roxbury,  and  d. 

at  Succasunna  about  1774. 
(2).  Jonathan,  b.  20  Sept.,  1747,  d.  7  Nov.,  1805,  at  Succasunna, 
m.  Mary  Coe  (dau.  of  Thomas) ;  purchased  Diekerson  mine 
from  a  Kirkbride,  1779.  in  assoc.  w.  Minard  Lefevre  ;  had 
eh.:  (a).  Mahlon  [Governor  N.  J.,  &c],  b.  17  April,  1770, 
d.  5  Oct.,  1853.  unmarried  ;  grad.  Princeton  College  1789  ; 

33°  Eji  rlv  Germans  of  New   Jersey 

admitted  to  the  bar  of  N.  J.  Not.,  1793  ;  accompanied  the 
expedition  to  quell  whiskey  insurrection  in  Pa.,  1794  ;  en- 
tered law  office  John  Milnor  and  admitted  to  the  bar  Pa. . 
1797  ;  one  of  Common  Council  of  Phila. ;  appointed  Adj. 
General  of  Phila.,  1805  ;  Recorder  of  the  city,  1805  ;  ret.  to 
Succasunna,  N.  J.,  to  develop©  his  mining  properties,  1810; 
Member  of  Assembly  of  K.  J.,  1811-13,  and  also  afterwards 
several  times  ;  appointed  third  Justice  of  the  Supreme 
Court,  1813  ;  Governor  of  N.  J.  1815  and  1816  ;  U.  S.  Sen- 
ator 1817-1823  and  1823-182!)  and  1829-1833  ;  Secretary  of 
Navy.  1834-1838  ;  Judge  U.  S.  District  Court  for  N.  J.  for 
six  months  ;  Member  Constitutional  Convention,  1844  ; 
President  American  Institute,  (b).  Silas,  b.  3 Oct.,  1771,  d. 
at  Stanhope,  7  Jan.,  1807,  at  35,  m.  first,  7  Nov.,  1792,  Julia 
Ford  (dau.  of  Jonathan),  who  d.  23  Nov.,  1794,  at  22  ;  second 
21  May,  1795,  Electa  Beach  (dau.  of  Enoch),  who  m.  for 
second  husband,  3  May,  1808.  Col.  Joseph  Jackson,  of  Rock- 
away,  and  who  died  7  Feb.,  1834,  at  85.  (c).  Ruth,  b.  7 
Nov.,  1773.  d.  12  Dec,  1775.  (d).  Mary,  b.  18  Sept.,  1778, 
m.  5  Oct.,  1790,  David  S.  Canfield.  and  d.  27  April,  1830. 
(e).  Jonathan  Elmer,  b.  IS  Sept.,  1781,  d.  18  Nov.,  1789,  at 
8.  (f).  Moses,  twin,  b.  10  Sept.,  1783,  d.  22  Jan.,  1784.  (g). 
Aaron,  physician  in  Phila.,  twin,  b.  10  Sept.,  1783,  d.  9 
Nov.,  1824.  (h).  John  B.  (had  at  least  one  daughter,  Julia 
Mary),  b.  10  March,  1786,  d.  27  Jan.,  1822.  (i).  Philemon, 
Judge  U.  S.  District  Court,  N.  J..  Governor  of  N.  J.,  and 
Member  of  Congress,  b.  20  June,  1788  ;  had  ch. :  John, 
Mary,  Edward  and  Philemon,  (j).  Jesse,  b.  11  Aug.,  1793, 
d.  3  Oct.,  1793.  (k).  Anne,  b.  26  Sept.,  1794,  d.  4  Nov.,  1794. 
(3).  Phebe. 
(4).  Esther. 
(5).  Nancy. 
(6).  Jesse. 
(7).  John  (prob.  s.  of  Capt.  Peter);  had  ch.: 

(a).  Stephen,  had  ch.;    1.  James;  2.  John;  S.  Steplien;  4. 

Harriet ;  5.  Emily. 
(b).  David,   had  ch.:     1.  Mahlon  ;  2.  Sylvester;  3.  Bailey; 

4.  Caroline  ;  5.  Rachel ;  6.  Jane ;  7.  Margaret. 
(c).  Joshua,  had  ch. :    1    James;  2.  Agnes;  3.  Sarah;  4. 

Nancy ;  5.  Euldah. 
(d).  John,  b.  15  Sept.,  1777,  d.  3  Dec,  1841,  m.  15  July,  1799, 
Lydia  Hoffman,  b.  18  May,  1778 ;  lived  near  Flanders. 
Morris  Co.,  N.  J. ;  had  ch. :    1.  Philip,  b.  24  July,  1800, 
d.  7  Sept.,  1860  ;  2.  Stephen,  b.  1  June,  1802,  d.  28  Dec, 
1849  ;  3.  Henry,  b.  16  Dec,  1804  ;  4.  John,  b.  15  June, 
1807,  d.  11  Sept.,  1816  ;  5.  Jane  Elisabeth,  b.  25  Dec, 
1813,  d.  June,  1874  ;  6.  Catherine,  b.  2  Aug.,  1818,  m. 
first,  a  Ross  ;  second, William  Campfield. 
(e).  Joseph. 
(f).  Abigail. 


(g).  Sarah. 

(h).  Rachel. 
(8).  Peter. 
(9).  Joseph. 
(10).  William. 

5.  Joseph. 

6.  Abigail,  m.  perh.  H.  Wells,  1736. 

T.  Elisabeth,  came  to  N.  J.  with  her  four  brothers  about  1745. 
(HI).  Philemon,  <i.  14  March,  1718,  m.  Hannah  Case,  1709. 
(IV).  Mary 
(V).  Naomi,  m.  1715,  Sam.  Terry. 

Moore's  index  supposes  that  the  four  brothers.  Thomas,  Daniel, 
Joshua  and  Peter,  who  came  to  N.  J.  about  1745  with  their  sister 
Elisabeth  were  children  of  Peter  1st,  but  he  died  172 1,  and  Peter. 
one  of  these  brothers  was  born  1724. 

III.  THOMAS,  d.  1  Feb.,  1704  ;  1683  rated  at  Southold  as  worth  £83  ;   1688, 

Southold,  two  males  and  4  females  in  family  ;  said  to  have  rem.  to  X. 
J. ;  but  he  died  1704. 


PHILEMON,  m.  Johanna  Sweazy  (dau.  of  Samuel),  b.  23  June,  1725,  who  m.  for 
2d  husband  Isaac  Badsley  ;  lived  east  of  Sterling  Hill,  Morris  Co. ;  his  will 
1777.  April  19,  prob.  July  7,  names  wife  Johanna.  "  my  bro.  Brainard.  my  son- 
in-law  Samuel  Tylor."  and  two  sons  Peter  and  Caleb  ;  from  Litteil  S.  P.  V.  we 
get  the  following  : 
I.  PETER,  m.  Catherine  Day  (dau.  of  Thaddeus) ;  had  ch. :     Philemon,  Han- 
nah, Paul. 
II.  CALEB,  m.  Johanna  Faircloe  (dau.  of  Thomasi ;  perhaps  the  one  whose 
will.  "Chatham,"  13  Sept.,  1844,  prob.  23  March,  1843.  names  w.  Matilda 
[2d  w.  !],  andch.:     Samuel  T.;  Brannard ;  David  B.:  Peter :  Philemon: 
Caleb.  Jr.;  John   W.  (deceased,  and  his  son  Mahlon,  not  21);  Mary  B. 
Dickerson  ;  Caroline  M.,  w.  of  David  Harrison. 

III.  HANNAH,  m.  Lot  Darling,  19  Feb.,  1767. 

IV.  DAVID  BRAINARD,  m.  Sallie  Baldwin  (dau.  Capt.  Enosl. 
V.  PHILEMON,  b.  1762,  d.  5  Aug.,  1776,  at  14. 


ANTHONY,  naturalized  by  act  of  Assembly,  July,  1730,  with  4  sons,  Peter,  John, 
Anthony  and  Christian  ;  prob.  emigrated  from  Diersdorf .  a  town  of  Rhenish 
Prussia  on  the  Wiedbach,  14  m.  N.  N.  E.  from  Coblentz.  Anthony  had  a 
bro.  (perh.  a  son)  HENDRICK,  also  naturalized.  July,  1730  ;  his  will.  "Hunt. 
Co."  19  Feb.,  1745,  prob.  2  March,  1746,  names  w.  Christina  and  ch.  Christian 
and  Christena  :  the  witness  were  Hans  (Johni  Peter  Yaeger.  Wilhelmus  Wirtz 
and  Johannes  Peter  Laashent ;  at  the  probate  of  the  will  an  agreement  is  signed 
by  the  following,  prob.  as  his  ch. : 


V.   1  [wife  of]  Bernardus  Achenbach. 
VI.  ?  [wife  of]  Will'am  Ecker.     Heinrich  also  signs  perhaps  as  a  son. 

332  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 


DANIEL  was.  tradition  says,  one  of  two  brothers,  Harmon  and  Daniel,  who  came 
from  Germany.     Daniel  settled  at  Round  Valley.     A  Dilts  of  another  family 
came  over  with  Daniel,  was  "bought"  by  the  latter,  and  afterward  married  his 
daughter.     Daniel  had  a  son  Daniel  3d,  and  prob.  also  Morris  : 
DANIEL  2d,  s.  of  Daniel   1st,  b.  1741,  d.   1737,   April  7,  m.  Rebecca  Merlitt,  b. 
1743,  d.  1832,  Aug.  7.     In  1802,  he  bought  173  acres  of  land  on  Schooley's  Mt., 
above  Middle  Valley,  (Geo.  Lindaberry  farm) ;  had  ch. : 
I.  PETER,  m.  Rachel  Rarick  (?),  went  from  Flocktown  to  Ohio. 

III.  GEORGE,  unmarried  ;  went  from  Flocktown  to  Ohio. 

IV.  JOSEPH,  b.  1782,  d.  1804,  Sept.  30,  at  52,  m.  Anna  Dufford  (dau.  of  Geo. 

Stephen  and  widow  of  John  Neighbor),  b.  1770.  d.  1837,  Jan.  31,  at  67  ; 
had  one  child,  George  Stephen,  b.  1 808,  Jan.  10;  died  young. 
V.  DANIEL,  b.  1789,  Jan.  22,  d.  1867,  July  17,  m.  Elisabeth  Neighbor  (dau.  of 
John),  b.  1795,  d.  1831,  June  39  ;  had  ch.: 

(I).  Nathan,  b.  1813,  Feb.  16,  m.  1841,  March  18,  Anna  Welsh  (dau.  of 
David   III);  had  five  ch.:     1.    Nathan,   m.   Martha   Hummer  ;  2. 
Rebecca,  m.  Jacob   Carpenter  ;  3.  Addie,  m.  Barnie  Searfoss  ;  4. 
Daniel,  m.  Josephine  Cole  ;  5.  David,  m.  Sadie  Slater. 
(III.  Anna,  d.  1837,  Sept.  11  ;  unmarried. 

(III).  Elijah  N.,  b.  1818,  Feb.  10,  m.  1845,  Dec.  11.  Margaret  Hoffman  (dau. 
of  Henry),  b.  1819,  April  13,  d.  1877,  Nov.  20  ;  had  ch.:  1.  Henry 
C;  2.  Annie,  d.  at  12  years  ;  3.  George,  m.  Emily  Canine  ;  4.  Eli, 
d.  in  infancy  ;  5.  Emma  E,  m.  Henry  Johnson  ;  6.  Ella,  m.  Joseph 
Lundy  ;  7.  Wm.  C,  m.  Emma  Loyd  ;  8.  Ulyses  G.,  m.  Leonora 
(IV).  Elisabeth,  d.  a  babe,  1831. 

(V).  Julia,  b.  1830,  April  9,  d.  1876,  Aug.  5,  unmarried. 
(VI).  Rebecca,  b.  1823,  Oct.  3,  d.  1889,  Jan.  38,  m.  Peter  S.  Bergen ;  had 
ch. :    1.  Evert  J.,  m.  Sarah  Galloway  (res.  at  Belvidere);  3.  Frank, 
m.  Lydia  Gardner  (res.  at  Orange) . 
fVTI).  Isaiah,  b.  1834,  Aug.  3,  d.  1878,  May  21,  m.  1856,  April  23,  Ellen 
Vanderveer  (dau.  of  "Judge"  Vanderveer) ;  had  ch. :   1.  Ferdinand. 
unmarried  ;  2.  William,  m.  a  Demaray. 
(VIII).  Abner  N.,  b.  1827,  Mar.  13,  m.  1859,  Feb.  12,  Amia  Elisabeth  Neigh- 
bor (dau.   of  Sylvester) ;  has  ch. :     1.  Annie,  m.  Isaiah  Fisher  (of 
Fairmount) ;  2  Ellen  Vanderveer ;  3.  Julia  ;  4.  Sylvester  Neighbor. 
(IX).  George  S.,  M.  D.,  b.  1839,  Jan.  13,  d.  1873,  Dec.  8,  m.  Sarah  Layton 
(of  Pluckamin) ;  had  no  children.     Major  Surgeon  in  Heavy  Ar- 
tillery, Fifth  Reg.  N.  T.  Volunteers. 
VI.  SARAH,  m.  David  Egbert. 
VII.  RACHEL,  m.  Cornelius  Correll. 
VIII.  REBECCA,  b.  1786,  d.  1830,  Sept.  28. 
MORRIS,    (prob.   s.   rf   Daniel   1st);   his   will  dated,   Hilsborough,   7  May,   1810, 
prob.  33  AprD,  1812,  names  wife  Mary  and  ch. : 
(I).  Daniel. 
(II).  Morris. 
(III).  Jacob. 
(IV).  Anna,  m.  19  Oct.,  1783,  Herbert  Rodenback. 



(V).  Christianna,  m.  John  Bowman. 
(VI).  Mart,  m.  Peter  Bowman. 
(VII).  Catharine,  m.  Will  Martial. 
(VIII).  Elisabeth,  m.  John  Low. 
(IX).  Charity,  m.  Tobias  Hall. 
(X).  Rebecca. 
(XI).  Sarah,  m,  John  Alleger. 
PETER,  naturalized  July  30.  1730:  on  Society  lands,  1735;  his  will,   "Amwell,"  3 
Nov.,  1769,  prob.  24  Jan.,  1770,  names  wife  Man  and  ch. : 
I.  PETER  (deceased),  whose  will,  "Amwell,"  30  May,  prob.  20  Aug.,  1760, 
names  "  father"  Peter,  "  bro."  John,  wife  Mary  and  ch. : 
(I).  Anna. 
(II)    Sarah. 
(III).  Peter. 
n.  JOHN. 



ANNA  MARY,  widow  of Dilts,  m.  William  Hoffman,  of  Amwell  twp.,  whose 

will,  prob.  April,  1764,  names  step-children  : 

H.  PHILIP  DILTZ,  who  prob.  m.  Mary  Hoffman,  his  ha.f  sister. 
ILL  CHRISTIAN   DILTZ,   perh.   the  same  as  Christopher  (a  confusion  of 
these  two  names,  which  has  occurred  in  several  instances  among  the  old 
German  settlers),  whose  will  dated  Kingwood,  11  March,  prob.  24  April, 
1812,  names  ch. : 
(I).  Godfrey. 
(II).  Susanna. 
(III).  Amelia. 

(IV).  William  (dec'd),  perh.  b.  1  Jan.,  1763,  had  son  Dels  Heath  i>) 
(V).  Sarah  Fields. 

(VI).  Christopher,  executor  "friend  Will.  Dels" 
HENRY,  his  will,  "Amwell,"  16  June,  1784,  prob.  2  Feb.,  1788,  names  wife  Ann 
and  ch. : 
II.  WILLIAM  (deceased),  who  had  a  son  George. 

III.  PETER,  prob.  of  Neshanic,  whose  will,  2  April,  1»18,  prob.  2  June,  1821, 

names  ch.: 

(I).  Henry. 

(II).  Peter. 

(III).  Philip. 

(IV).  Francis. 

(V).  Catharine,  m.  Adam  Bellis. 
(VI).  Mary,  m.  a  Roland. 
(VII).  Francis  Dils. 
(VIII).  Elisabeth,  m.  a  Gilger. 
(IX).  Sarah,  m.  a  Roland. 
(X).  Rebecca,  m.  [Henry  f\  Hoffman. 

534  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

IV.  JACOB,  prob.  tbe  one,  b.  1756,  d.  1828,  res.  in  West  Amwell  twp.,m.  Sarah' 
Heath  (dau.  of  William!,  b.  1759,  d.  1828  ;  hadch.: 
(I).  John. 
(II).  Paul  K.,  b.  1788,  m.  23  Feb.,  1811,  Sarah  Sharp  (dau.  of  Elisha),   b. 
13  Feb..  1703,  d.  22  Aug.,  1876  ;  had  ch.:     1.  Jacob,  b.  21  Oct.,  1813r 
m.  Margaret  K.  Bellis  ;  2.  Klisha,  d.  Fairview,  111.;  3.  Sirah  M., 
ra.  John  L.  Bellows. 
(III).  Hesry. 
(IV).  Andrew. 

(V).   ASHER. 

(VI).  Richard 
(VII).  Hiram. 
(VIIL.  Ann. 
(IX).  Mahalah,  m.  Ge  rge  Dilts,  of  Lanbertville.  N.  J. 
V.  MARY,  m.  a  Bodine. 
VI.  ANNE,  m.  a  Cool. 
VII.  ELISABETH,  m.  a  Tid  [Teats  J], 
IS.  CHRISTEEN.  m.  a  Wambagh  ;  executors  were  John  Bodine  and  Paul 
Cool,  prob.  sons-in-law. 
JOHN  W..  his  will,  dated,  Lebanon,  30  July,  1787,  prob.  27  Nov.,  1789.  names  "my 
bro.  Philip,''  and  ch. : 
I.  JOHN. 
II.  ANNE,  m.  Peter  Rodenbough. 


IV.  ELISABETH,  m.  Mordechai  McKinney. 


VII.  CHARITY,  m.  Casper  Hendershot. 
VIII.  CATHERINE,  who  had  son  Mounts  [Moritz]. 

Miscellaneous, — WILLIAM,  whose  will  dated  ELnowlt  -n,  17  June,  1793,  prob. 
24  Sept.,  1794,  name*  wife  Rachel  and  ch.:  1.  John;  2.  Ada'";  3.  William. 
SAMTJEL,  of  Warren  Co.,  near  Hope,  b.  26  Nov.,  1765,  m.  Rachel  Ogden  (dau.  of 
Gabriel),  b.  22  May,  1782  ;  had  ch.:  1.  Charles,  b.  3  Aug.,  1807,  d.  1814  ;  2.  Joseph 
R.,  b.  17  Nov.,  1794,  d.  1876  ;  3.  James  S..  b.  1797,  d.  1843  ;  4.  Betsey  M.,  b.  1810,  <L 
1865  ;  4.  Sarah  A.,  b.  1815,  d.  1882.  Elisabeth,  buried  at  Yellow  Frame  Pres. 
Ch..  near  Johnsonburgh.  N.  J.,  b.  5  Jan..  1770.  d.  13  June,  1799.  Adam's  estate 
administered  by  Peter.  31  Maroh,  1"98,  in  Susses  Co.  Henry's  estate  administered 
by  his  wife  Urie.  28  May,  1787,  in  Hunterdon  Co.  John  William.  Manoss  [Her- 
manes].  Moritz  and  Schirdgen  [Jurgen  (?)  or  George]  occur  in  the  list  of  John 
Peter  Nitzer's  customers  in  German  Valley,  1757  and  8.  Dayid  and  Mary  have 
ch.  (on  Lebanon  ch.  records) :  1.  Johannes,  b.  2  March,  1769  ;  2.  Jacob,  b.  8  Nov., 
1770  ;  3.  Abraham,  10  Oct.,  1773  ;  4.  Herman,  b.  13  June,  1779  ;  5.  Elisabeth,  b. 
14  Dec,  1781.  Hermanes  and  Christena  had  ch. :  1.  Catherine,  b.  1  June,  1767. 
2.  Johannes,  b.  21  June,  1770.  Voritz  and  Catherine,  had  ch. :  1.  Elisabeth,  b.  18 
April,  1771  :  2.  Catherine,  b.  13  Feb.,  1773  ;  3.  Moritz,  b.  8  Jan.,  1780  ;  4.  Catherine 
b.  14  June.  1803  ;  5.  William  Brewer,  b.  2  Nov.,  1805.  John  and  Margaret  Blumin 
[feminine  form  of  Blum  or  Bloom];  had  ch.:  1.  Maria,  b.  2  May,  1763  ;  2.  Maci- 
dalena,  b.  12  Feb.,  1767  ;  3.  Sophia,  b.  14  Feb.,  1769  ;  4.  Dorothea,  b.  1771. 

Dorland — Drake  335 


-JAN  GERRISE  (i.  e.  •'  ohn,  s.  of  Garret)  arrived  in  this  country  1652  ;  cook  oath 
of  allegiance  in  Brooklyn  1687  ;  prob.  had  son  GERRIT,  who  took  oath  of 
allegiance  in  Brooklyn  1687,  described  as  born  in  this  country  ;  prob.  rem.  to 
Staten  Island  ;  prob.  he  or  a  s^n  Gerrit  had  ch.  whose  baptisms  are  recorded  ou 
the  Somerville  records  : 
GERRIT,  s.  of  Jan  Gerrise. 

I.  MARIA,  bap.  20  Oct.,  1706. 
IL  LISBET,  bap.  26  Oct.,  1709. 

III.  GAERTJEN,  bap.  6  Aug.,  1712. 

IV.  WILLIAM,  bap.  1  .Aug.,  1725. 

LAMBERT  s  in  Brooklyn  1663  ;  rem.  to  Staten  Island,  then  to  the  Raritans  1717 
or  before.     He  is  perhaps  a  bro.  of  Garret  :  perhaps  had  ch.,  who  owned  land. 
1769,  adjoining  one  another  at  Sourland.  Somerset  Co. : 
IV.  JOHANNES,  perh.  the  one,  whose  will,  7  June,  prob.  8  Aug.,  names 

wife  Altje,  "my  three  bros."  [not  namedl  and  sisters. 
PETER,  prob.  a  grandson  of  one  of  the  above,  was  a  miller  ;  rem.  to  Canada  with 
all  his  family  but  his  s.  Samuel;  m.  Margaretha  and  had  ch. : 
I.  WILLIAM,  b.  3  May,  1803. 
II.  CATHERINE  ROBERTS,  b.  1805. 

IV.  SAMUEL,  b.  1809,  d.  12  April,  1774.  m.  Catherine  Teeter  ;  has  ch. : 
Isaac,  miller  in  G.  V. 


ROBERT   DRAKE,  b.  Devonshire,    Eng.,  1580  ;    d.   Jan.  14,  1668  ;  from  Exeter. 
New  England,  rem.  to  Hampton,  N.  H,  where  he  "  entered  his  causion"  about 
house  and  lands,  bo't  of  Sam'l  Peabody,  in  1650,  Mar.  15  ;  selectman,  1654  :  will 
May  15,  1663  ;  prob.  Apr.  11,  1668.     Mentions  three  children  in  his  will  with 
two  dau's  of  his  son  Nathaniel  (Jane  and  Rachel),  and  four  of  Abraham  (Susan- 
nah, Mary,  Elisabeth  and  Hannah.) : 
I.  NATHANIEL,  b.  Devonshire,  Eng.,  1612  ;   rem.  Portsmouth  ;   on  grand 
jury,  1656  ;  selectman.  1691  ;  m.  1  unknown  ;  9,  Jane,  wid.  of  William 
Berry  ;  had  ch. :  Rachel,  and  Jane,  m,  William  Wallace,  Dec.  15,  1673. 
H.  ABRAHAM,  b.   Devonshire,    Eng.,    1620 :   rem.   with   his  wife,   Jane,  to 
Hampton  ;  had  ch. :  Susannah,  m   1  (as  2d  w.)  Capt.  Anthony  Bracket 
of  Falmouth  ;  2,  Oct.  30,  1700,  John  Taylor  of  Hampton  ;  Abraham,  b. 
Dec.  29,  1654  ;  Sarah,  b.  Aug.  20,  1656  ;  Mary,  b.  Mar.  25,  1658  :  Elisa- 
beth, b.  July  11,  1660  ;  Hannah,  b.  Oct.  14,  1662  ;  Robert,  b.  Sept.  27, 

IV.  FRANCIS,  (supposed  to  be  a  son  of  Robert,  although  not  mentioned  in 
his  will)  at  "  Portsmouth,  N.  H,  1661,  where  he  is  found  on  the  grand 
jury,  1663  :  prob.  rem.  to  N.  J.  soon  after."     (Savage's  Geneal.  Diet.): 

33&  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersev 

d.  about  1687  ;  m.  Mary  and  had  ch. : 
(I).  Francis,  d   Piscataway,  will  prob.  April  27,  1733  ;  m.  Patience  ;  had 

ch. :    1.  Martha  ;  2.  Rachel,  m.  1733  Keune  Runyon  (son  Vincent),  b. 

1711,  d.  1776  ;  had  6  children,  b.  fr.  1735-16  ;  3.  Betty;  4.  Francis  ;  5. 

Benjamin;  6.  James;  7.  Henry;  8.  Joseph,   Jr.,   m.  1   Catherine 

Cbeeseman  ;  2  Elisabeth  Crow,  1754,  Mar.  27. 
(II).  George,  d.  Piscataway,  will  prob.  Nov.  8,  1709  ;  m.  Mary  Oliver  of 

Elisabethtown  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  Andrew,  m.  Hannah  Fitzrandolph  (dau    of  Joseph);  d.  Piscataway, 

will  prob.  Dec.  2,  1743  ;  hadch. :  (1)  Jeremiah,  will  prob.  1750,  Fiscal 
away,  names  Andrew,  Jeremiah,  Hugh,  Ruth  and  Martha  ;  (2) 
Edward,  perh.  from  Piscataway  to  Washington  Valley,  and  had 
Joseph,  Jeremiah,  Andrew,  Mary,  Catherine,  Sarah  ;  (3)  David, 
will,  Piscataway,  1747,  names  w.  Sarah  and  ch  Susannah,  Sarah, 
Mary,  and  bros.  Jeremiah  and  Fitzrandolph  Drake  ;  (4)  Joanna, 
m  a  Manning  ;  (5)  Susannah,  m.  a  Smalley  ;  |6)  Mercy,  m.  [Ger- 
shorn]  Lee  ;  (7)  Lydia  ;  (8)  Sarah  ;  (9)  Catherine. 

2.  Jonathan. 

3.  David. 

4.  George. 

5.  Elisabeth. 
U.  Susannah. 

7.  Mary. 

8.  Hannah. 

9.  Deborah. 

(III).  Rev.  John,  d.  1739  (1740  ?)  pastor  Baptist  Church  of  Piscataway  until 
his  death,  also  civil  magistrate  ;  m.  1  Rebecca  Trotter,  1677  ;  2d  and 
3d  wives  unknown  ;  will  prob  April  7, 1740,  names  Benjamin,  Isaac, 
Abraham,  Samuel,  Hannah  (and  her  sons,  Samuel  and  Jonas,  exec- 
utors), Sarah  Fvlson,  Mary  Davis,  and  grandchildren  Abraham, 
John,  Philip,  Gershom 

1.  John  tperhaps  of  Piscataway,  will  prob.  May  30,  1751,  names  w.  Ann, 
bro. -in-law  Jos.  Fitzrandolph  and  cousin  Joseph  Drake  Jr.) 

2.  Francis. 

3.  Samuel. 

4.  Joseph,  perhaps  of  Piscataway;  will  prob.  Feb.  7,  1758,  names  wife 
Sarah  and  children,  (1)  Ephraim  ;  (2)  Reuben ;  (3)  Timeon ;  (4)  Imlo 
(Imla  ?) ;  (5)  Joseph 

5.  Benjamin,  perhaps  of  Hopewell,  Hunterdon  county  ;  tax  list,  Hope- 
well township,  1722,  "Ben.  Drack,  260  acres;  will  prob.  Aug.  30, 1763, 
names  wife  TTnnTiah  and  children, 

(')  Rebecca, 

(2)  Zechariah. 

(3)  Hannah 

(4)  William. 

(5)  Edmond  perh.  of  Hopewell  ;  will  prob.  June,  1767 ;  exec.  John  and 

wife  not  named  ;  had  ch.,  Nicholas,  Catherine,  Elisabeth  ;  he 
names  in  will  "my  bro's  Thomas,  Nathan  and  Daniel." 
16)  Francis  (not  in  will  of  Benjamin) ;  will,  Hopewell,  Feb.  7  and 
April  17,  1753,  names  bro's  Zechariah,  Edmond  and  Daniel ; 



half-sister  Hannah  and  bro. -in-law  Richard  Evans 

(7)  Thomas  (called  bro.  in  will  of  Edmond). 

(8)  Daniel  (called  bro.  in  will  of  Edmond  and  Francis). 
Abraham,  perh.  of  Roxbury,  whose  will  dated  there  1759,  was  prob. 

Newton,  N.  J.,  May  6,  1763,  names  four  children  below  ;  in  deed, 
1761,  Abraham  and  Deliverance  sell  368  acres  to  Moses  Tompkin?, 
all  of  Roxbury  and  land  also  ;  bought  54  acres  from  Proprietors, 
'25  April,  1751,  what  is  now  the  mill  property  at  Drakesville  ;  in 
1819  this  property,  then  belonging  to  Abraham  and  Jacob  B.  Drake, 
was  sold  by  Sheriff  to  Abigail  Young  ;  m.  Deliverance  and  had  ch  : 
(1)  Abraham  (deceased  at  time  of  father's  will,  1759) ;  had  two  chil- 
dren mentioned  in  their  grandfather's  will,  viz  : 
(a)  Abraham,  b.  1730,  April  23  ;  d.  Feb.  7,  1806  ;  bur.  at  Succa- 
sunna  ;  will  pr.  Feb.  25,  1806  ;  m.  Anna  Young  (daughter  of 
Morgan  Ti,  April  17,  1763  ;  had  ch.:  Jacob,  "3d,"  at  first 
thought  to  be  Jacob,  who  married   Ellen  and  had   child, 
bap.  at  Whippany,  but  this  Jacob   was  married  as  early 
as   1757,  and   therefore  could  not   be  the  son  of  Abraham 
and   Anna  ;  probably  b.   30  April,    1772,  d.  27  Nov.,   1843, 
m.  Anna,  b.  12  Feb.,  1775,  d.  8  Jan.,  1837,  both  buried  at 
Succasunna  ;  William  Y.,  m.  Jane  Cory  ;  rem.,  1808,  from 
Drakesville   to  Ohio  and  from  there  to  Illinois  ;  had  ch. : 
Elisabeth,  d.  at  5  :  Charlotte,  m.  Cyrus  Longworthy  in  1814 ; 
Lewis,  d.  at  2  ;  David  A.,  b.  1  July,  1799,  d.  6  Aug.,  1849,  m. 
Elisabeth  Ogden  (dau.  of  John  O.  of  New  Brunswick) ,  had 
Jane,  John  O.,  James  P.,  Charles  S.  C,  Mary  Ann,  David 
M.  C, ;  Sarah,  m.  James  Patterson  ;  Anna,  m.  Robert  Mur- 
phy ;    Morgan,  died  young  ;    Catherine,  m.    Asa  Gregg ; 
Rachel  L.,  m.  Amariah   Watson  ;   Mary,   m.  first,  Elisha 
Wood  ;  second.  A.  Clark  ;   William.  C. ,  m.  first,  Lucy  Wat- 
son ;  second,  Mrs.  A.  Longworthy  ;   Morgan,  b.  Dec.   24, 
1764  ;  d.  Nov.  3,  1806  ;  will  pr.  Dec.  11  ;  wife  Sarah,  no  chil- 
dren ;  Elisabeth,  m.  first,   Abraham  Slack  ;  second,  an 
Easton,  and  lived  in  Peoria,  DJ. ;  Catt. 
(6)  Col.  Jacob,  b.  21  April,  1732,  at  Piscataway;  d.  Sept.,  1823, 
at  93  ;  bot.  500  acres  near  Drakesville,  1789  ;  m.  first,  Charity 
Young,  b.  1744,  d.  26  Oct.,  1776,  at  32  ;  second,  13  Dec.,  1781, 
Esther  Dickerson  (dau.  Capt.  Peter,  and  widow  of  George 
King)  ;  had  one  child  by  first  wife  and  six  by  the  second  : 
(<xa)  Rachel,  m.  10  Oct.,  1782,  Samuel  Howell  (s.  of.  Chas.  T). 
(bb)  Clarissa,  b.  23  Aug.,  1783,  d.  31  Mar.,  1857,  m.  Ebenezer 

{cc)  Silas,  b.  10  April,  1790  ;  had  3  children  and  went  West. 
{dd)  The  Hon.  Georoe  Kino,  b.  16  Sept.,  1788,  d.  May,  1837  ; 

Judge  of  the  Supreme  Court,  N.  J. 
(ee)  Peter,  b.  9  April,  1792. 

(ff)  Eliza,  b.  4  April,  1794,  m.  Jan.,  1814,  Dr.  A.  Woodruff, 
(c)  Hkzektah,  owned  land  at  Drakestown  ;  had  ch. : 

(aa)  SrLVANU8,  b.  1760,  d.  24  Nov.,  1824,  m.  Elisabeth  Hilts 
(dau.  of  Anthony),  b.  5  May,  1773,  d.  24  Nov.,  1824  ;  res. 

338  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Drak«stown,  Washington  twp.,  Morris  Co.,  N.  J.:  had 
ch. :  Anthony,  b.  3  May,  1792,  m.  first,  Margaret  Corwin ; 
second,  Annie  Waldorf  (wid.  of  Ezra  Caiy)  by  whom  2 
ch.,  Silvanus,  b.  1819.  and  Nelson  H.,b.  1  July,  1823,  who 
m.  Mary  C.  Wing ;  John,  m.  Amanda  Salmon  (dau.  of 
Stephen) ;  Elisabeth,  m.  John  Budd  ;  Hezekiah,  m.  Annie 
More  ;  Millie  (Miriam),  m.  John  B.  Stephens. 
(66)  Aaron,  b.  15  Jan.,  1765,  d.  1824,  m.  first,  a  Hilts  ;  second. 
Margaret  Gulick.  b.  13  July,  1783  ;  had  ch. :    Hezekiah, 

m.  first,  Melmda  Lake  (dau.  of  Garret) ;  second,  ; 

John,  b.  17  Aug.,  1805,  m.  a  Thorpe  ;  Clarissa,  b.  24 
July,  1803,  m.  Samuel  Stephens  (s.  of  Daniel) ;  Eliza,  b. 
13  Oct.,  1814,  m.  Wm.  C.  Hilts  (s.  of  Samuel);  Ebenezer 
Woodruff,  b.  28  May,  1823,  m.  Margaret  Lake  (dau.  of 

(d)  Silas,  "Senior"  (Silvanus  or  Silvester),  b.  1737,  d.  at  Hope, 

Warren  Co.,  15  Sept.,  1812  ;  rem.  to  Hope  from  Drakestown, 
Morris  Co.,  m.  Mercy,  b.  1742,  d.  30  Jan.,  1815  ;  had  ch. : 
Hezekiah,  b.  1777,  d.  1810,  at  33  ;  Miriam  (or  Millie),  m. 
Caleb  Swazey  of  Hope  :  a  daunhter,  m.  Jacob  Swazey,  and 
rem.  to  K.  Y.  State  ;  perhaps  others. 

(e)  Julius. 

(/)  Miriam,  m.  William  Young. 

(2)  Nathaniel,  freeholder,   Roxbury  twp.,  1741  ;  licensed  tavern 

keeper,  July,  1743  ;  his  will,  13  Jan.,  prob.  2  May,  1778,  in 

Sussex  Co.,  names  w.  Ann,  and  4  ch. ;  the  executors  are  Col. 

Jacob  Drake,  Jabesh  Bell  and  John  Besherer,  all  of  Morris  Co. ; 

had  ch. : 
(a)  Nathaniel,  his  will,  "  Hardwick,  Sussex  Co."  prob.  18  Feb., 
1824,  names  brother  John,  sister  Anne,  Mary  McClennen, 
John  Drake,  Jr.,  Nathaniel  Drake,  Jr.,  Samuel  Drake,  Alex- 
ander Drake,  Sarah  Penny,  Margaret  Drake,  Anne  Wilcox, 
and  George  B.  Drake  ;  all  prob.  children  of  his  brothers 
and  sisters. 
(6)  Joseph,  b.  1761.  d.  1813,  m.  first.  Miss  Desire  ;  second,  Mrs. 
Susannah  Ayres  ;  had  ch. :  Nathaniel ;  John ;  Sarah,  m. 
a  Penny  i  Martha:  Alexander  F.;  Margaret,  m.  William 
Young  ;  Mark  L.;  George  £.,  b.  28  Sept.,  1812,  m.  first, 
Mary  Ann  Potts  ;  second,  Sarah  A.  Crissman. 

(c)  Samuel. 

(d)  John. 

(3)  Jacob,  who  signs  call  to  minister  for  Suecasunna  church  1768  ; 

prob.  had  at  least  one  son  : 
(a)  Jacob,  m.  Joan  (Jane)  Chambers,  wid.  of  Moses  Ayres  (who 
d.  1750,  Nov.,  and  left  five  children) : 

[aa)  Simeon,  b. ,  m.  Mary  Terry,  had  Esther  (brought  up 

by  J.  I.  Cooper)  and  Simeon. 
(66)  Paul,  b.  17  Jan.,  1761,  prob.  d.  Sept.,  1828,  m.  first,  Mary 
Luce,  d.  2  April,  1792,  m.  18  Sept.,  1781  ;  second,  Lydia 
Hays,  7  Dec,  1792  ;  had  ch.:    Miriam,  b.  14  June,  1782, 

Drake  339 

m.  Burns  Montanye  ;  Sarah,  b.  1  Oct.,  1783  ;  Elisabeth, 
b.  38  Nov.,  1784,  m.  Sylvester  Larison  ;  Jacob,  b.  23  May, 

1786,  m. TTann  ;  Nancy,  b.  4  Aug.,  1787,  m.  Gilbert 

Youngs  ;  Zephaniah  L.,  b.  1  Feb.,  17<19,  m.  Mary  11. 
Hart  (dau.  Capt.  William) ;  Paul  B.,  b.  27  May,  1791,  m. 
Hannah  Runyon,  had  Sarah  im.  Peter  Bale),  Fordham  L. 
and  Catherine  ;  Mary  L.,  b.  20  Jan.,  1792,  m.  Isaac  Lyon. 

(cc)  Jeremiah. 

(dd\  Francis,  (writes  from  Goshen  to  his  bro.  Paul,  1806). 

(ee)  Jacob,  Jr.,  b.  10  Mar.,  1763,  d.  29  Mar.,  1844,  m.  Phebe 
McCurry,  b.  18  Oct.,  1768,  d,  1832  ;  had  ch.:  Malcolm, 
b.  1  Aug.,  1785,  d.  17  Nov.,  1792  ;  Zephaniah,  b.  3  Dec, 
1788,  d.  7  Nov.,  1834,  m.  first,  Ruth  Faircloe  (dau.  of 
Isaiah),  b.  3  July,  1788,  d.  8  June,  1825  ;  second,  Martha 
Halsey  ;  Jacob,  b.  1791,  d.  1792  ;  John.  b.  16  Aug.,  1796, 
d.  31  Aug.,  1854,  m.  Mary  Emmons  idau.  of  Nicholasl ; 
no  children. 

[ff\  John. 

(gg)  Ellas. 
(4)  Elisha,  signs.  1768,  with  Jacob,  the  call  to  minister  for  Succa- 

sunna  and  Chester  Pres.  Ch. ;  prob.  had  ch. :    Jacob,  whose  will 

"Roxbury,"  May  27,  prob.  2  June,  1777,  names  three  brothers  ; 

John,  Daniel  and  Elisha. 

7.  Sarah. 

8.  Isaac,  whose  will,  prob.  Essex,  1759,  names  ch.:     (1).  Samuel ;  (2). 

Isaac;  (3).  Daniel;  (4).  Nathaniel;  (5).  Hannah,  m.  Geo.  Lang. 

9.  Rebecca,  perh.  m.  James  Fitzrandolph  (s.  of  Joseph,  who  was  born 


10.  Jacob. 

11.  Ebenezer,  prob.   the  one  who  bought  land  of  John  Boynton  on 

Schooley's  Mountain  near  Drakestown,  16  June,  1757. 

12.  Ephraxsi,  perhaps  the  one  who  bought  the  tavern  lot  at  Pleasant 

Grove,  Schooley's  Mountain  in  1768.     An  Ephraim  bought  land 
near  Newton,  Sussex  Co.,  '.4  July,  1768  :  perhaps  removed  from 
Andover  to  Sandyston,  after  the  Revolution,  and  had  son  Benja- 
min, and  grandson  John. 
DANIEL,  perh.  son  of  Jacob,  who  was  son  of  ABRAHAM  of  Roxbury  ;  his  name 
is  not  included  in  names  of  the  sons  of  the  1st  JOHN  of  the  other  family  of 
Mendham,  but  claimed  to  be  of  the  same  family.     "Bought  farm  250  acres  near 
Mendham  still  in  family":  m.  Phebe  Extell,  27  Dec.,  1759  ;  hadch.: 
I.  ELISABETH,  b.  8  April,  1761. 

II.  DANIEL,  b.  17  Nov.,  1762,  d.  Aug.  1,  1834,  m.  Eunice  Drake  (dau.  John), 
b.  2  Aug.,  1769,  d.  21  Sept.,  1844  ;  had  ch.: 

(I).  John,  b.  21  May,  1790,  d.  7  May,  1868,  m.  Miriam  Hall  (dau.  of  Rich- 
ard and  Elisabeth  Roy),  1826  ;  had  ch.:    Sarah  C,  b.  1827  ;  Aaron 
b.  1831,  m.  Emilia  J.  Caldwell  ;  Caroline,  b.  1837. 
(II).  Aaron,  b.  Mar  5,  1794,  d.  1828  at  35,  m.  first,  Mary  Scudder  (dau. 

),  1816  ;  second,  Ann  H.  Harrison  ;  had  ch. :    Julia  A.,  b.  1817; 

Julius  A.,  b.  1828,  m.  A.  Caldwell. 
(III).  Julia  Ann,  b.  10  Dec.,  1799,  m.  first,  Rufus  Sanders,  1821  ;  second. 

340  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Abram  Reynolds. 
(IV).  Henry,  b.  24  June,  1803,  m.  first,  Sarah  A.  Sturgis  ;  second  Phebe 

III.  HENRY,  b.  5  July,  1765. 

IV.  PHEBE,  b.  24  Jan.,  1768. 
V.  JEMIMA,  b.  10  Jan.,  1771. 

CHARLES,  bought  of  Isaac  Decou,  1779,  321  acres,  including  the  Schooley's  Mt. 
Springs  ;  his  will,  June  6,  prob.  Aug.  8,  1791,  names  wife  Sarah  and  ch. : 
I.  RACHEL,  m.  David  Pisher  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  John,  b.  4  July,  1788. 
(II).  Zach arias,  b.  9  March,  1790. 
(HI).  Sakah,  b.  29  Oct.,  1791. 
(IV).  Anna,  b.  29  Sept.,  1794. 
(V).  Maria,  b.  19  Nov.,  1796. 
II.  WILLIAM,  b.  Sept.  22,  1756,  d.  Feb.  21,  1852,  m.  Agnes  Johnson  of  New- 
ton, b.  1772,  d.  April  28,  1853  ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  Abraham,  res.  Drakesville  and  Stanhope,  m.   for  second  wife  a 
Drake  ;  first  and  third  unknown. 
(II).  Hampton,  m.  Ellen  Fisher. 
(III).  Job,  res.  Newton.  N.  J.,  m.  third,  Elisabeth  Johnson  ;  first  and  second 

(IV).  Charles,  res.  Walnut  Grove. 
(V).  John,  not  married. 

(VI).  James,  res.  Schooley's  Mountain,  b.  1796,  m.  Hester  Wyckoff  ;  had 
ch. :  (a).  Eliza  A.,  m.  Simon  V.  Fisher  (s.  of  George  and  Anna) ; 
(b).  Elmira,  m.  John  Anthony  ;  (c).  Hampton,  m.  Caroline  Groff 
(Will);  (d).  Joseph,  m.  Mary  Cool  (daughter  of  Will.);  (e).  Mary, 
d.  at  21  ;  (f).  James,  m.  Charlotte  Drake  (of  Stanhope,  dist.  relat'n). 
HI.  MARGARET,  m.  Casper  Hendershot. 

V.  RUTH,  m.  Israel  Swazey  (s.  of  Israel). 
VI.  ZECHARIAH,  m.  Mary. 
IX.  CHARLES,  removed  to  Pittston,  Pa. 
IMLA,  (prob.  s.  of  Joseph,  who  was  s.  of  Rev.  John),  b.  May  1,  1751,  d.  Jan.  o, 
1826  ;  rem.  from  Hunterdon  Co.  to  Warren,  m.  Temperance  McPherson,  b. 
Oct.  15,  1750,  d.  Jan.  IS,  1826  ;  had  ch. : 
I.  SAMUEL,  b.  Amwell  twp.,  Hunterdon  Co..  April  26,  1774,  d.  March  31, 
1848,  m.  Catherine  Hulshizer  (dau.  of  John  Martin),  b   Sept.  14,  1775,  d. 
March  17,  1853  ;  lived  in  Warren  Co.  near  Asbury ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  Rebecca,  b.  Feb.  1,  1797,  d.  Dec.  2,  1865,  m.  first,  an  Osborn  ;  second 

a  Stewart. 
(II).  Margaret,  b.  Nov.  5,  1798,  d.  Dec.  2,  1865  [?  1881,  July  21],  m.  Thos. 

(IH).  Sarah,  b.  June  9,  1801,  d.  1802. 

(IV).  John,  b.  Dec.  19,  1803,  d.  April  28,  1873,  m.  Margaret  Stewart. 
(V).  Martin,  b.  May  19,  1806,  d.  May  2,  1887,  m.  Sophia  M'Ginley. 
(VI).  Temperance,  b.  Nov.  22, 1809,  d.  June  17,  1872,  m.  Luther  C.  Carter. 

Drake  341 

(VTt).  Haet,  b.  Aug.  22,  1812,  d.  Feb.  6,  1852,  unmarried. 
(VIII).  Samuel  S.,  b.  Jan.  14,  1816,  d.  Aug.  18,  1867,  m.  Susan  Vliet  (dau.  of 
'IX).  William,  b.  June  22,  1818,  m.  Rachel  M.  Axford  (dau.  of  Daniel). 
(X).  David  A  ,  b.  Mar.  9,  1821,  d.  1878,  m.  Lucy  Barr. 
II.  DAVID,  m.  Sarah  Henry. 
III.  LMLA,  m.  Jane  Kerr. 
rV.  REBECCA,  m.  Joseph  Drake. 
V.  RACHEL,  m.  Abraham  Pyles. 
VI.  MARY,  b.  1787,  d.  Sept.  21, 1794,  at  seven  years  and  five  months;  buried  at 
Quakertown,  N.  J. 

JOHN  from  Holland,  m.  Magdalena  Brouwer,  1718  :  she  was  bap.  8  March,  1704, 
dau.  of  Jacob  and  Annetje  Bogardus  (dau.  of  William,  son  of  Dominie  Ever 
ardus  Bogardus  and  Anneka  Jans) ;  perhaps  the  same  as  the  Johannes  Drack. 
who  signs  subscription,  29  April,  1715,  towards  building  the  Ref.  Dutch  church 
of  Jamaica,  L.  I.,  and  whose  pew  falls  to  the  church  in  the  year  1721,  probably 
because  he  had  moved  away  ;  had  ch. : 

III.  JACOB,  m.  Helen  ;  Jacob  and  Helen  "  renew  covenant"  at  Whippany  6 

Feb.,  1757  ;  have  ch.  bap.  at  Whippany  : 
(I).  Cornelius,  bap.  7  Feb.,  1757. 
(II).  Stephen,  bap.  7  Feb.,  1757. 
(LTD.  Maby,  bap.  7  Feb.,  1757. 
(IV).  Jemima,  bap.  7  May,  1769. 
(V).  Jacob,  bap.  17  May,  1772  [b.  30  April,  1772,  d.  27  Nov.,  1843,  m.  Anna, 
b.  12  Feb.,  1775,  d.  8  Jan.,  1837  ;  both  buried  at  Succasunna] .' 

IV.  JOHN  (son  of  John  and  Magdalene  Brower),  b.  1733,  d.  at  Mendnam,  28 

Aug.,  1784,  at  51,  m.  Sarah  Perry;  his  will  prob.  16  Sept.,  1784  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  Maby,  b.  1757.  d.  10  Feb.,  1826,  at  68. 
(II).  Sarah,  m.  Ephraim  Carnes. 

(III).  Hannah,  b.  June,  1758,  m.  June,  1787,  Nathaniel  Wh  ttaker. 
(IV).  Eunice,  b.  2  Aug.,  1769,  d.  1844,  m.  Daniel  Drake  is.  of  Daniel  and 
Phebe  Extell). 
(V).  Lydia. 
CI).  John,  died  near  Succasunna. 

(VII).   !  Ebenezer,  b.  17  Aug.,  1757,  m.  Mary  Wills  (dau.  of  Samuel),  b.  25 
May,  1759,  d.  30  July,  1850  ;  had  one  son  James  W..  m.  Susan  Doty. 
VI.  SAMCTEL,  has  dau.  Martha,  bap.  at  Whippany,  28  Dec.,  1760. 
X.  MARY. 
XII.  EVERARDUS,  perh.  the  same  as  Gerrzrdus  (Gerard),  who  is  plaintiff 
and  defendant  in  two  cases  in  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  Morris  Co.,  July 
and  Sept.    1754  ;  m.  27  Feb.,  1753,  Sarah  Beach,  [  Whippany  records]. 
Miscellaneous — Dirck  Claesen  Draeck  has  a  son  bap.  in  New  York,   7 

342  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Mar.-ih,  IfiVt.     JoaN.  ai.  in  New  York,  25  April,  1715,  Belietje  Hill. 

Marriages  on  Record  at  Trenton— Oershom  Drake,  of  Middlesex,  to  Rachel 
Drake,  25  Aug.,  1740.  Isaac,  of  Essex,  to  Ruth  Martin,  23  Feb.,  1743.  William,  of 
Bucks  Co.,  Pa.,  to  Lydia  Drake,  27  Jan.,  174C.  John,  to  Mary  Munde,  8  Mar.,  1749. 
Joseph,  of  Middlesex,  to  Mary  Davis,  9  May,  1749.  Nathan,  of  Fiscataway,  to 
Ruth  Drake,  of  Essex,  31  Aug.,  1752.  Joseph,  Jr.,  of  Middlesex,  to  Catherine 
Cheesemen,  8  Nov.,  1752.  Joseph  Jr.,  of  Middlesex,  to  Elisabeth  Crow,  27  March, 
1764.  James,  of  Middlesex,  to  Mary  Ro^s,  8  May,  1765  Benjamin,  of  Hunterdon, 
to  Sarah  Wood.  7  April,  i763.  Nathan,  of  Hunterdon,  to  Tamar  Jones,  21  May, 
1770.  William,  of  Salem,  to  Sarah  Booth,  2  Nov.,  1774.  Hugh,  of  Salem,  to  Jane 
Chester,  1  Dec,  1775.  Daniel,  of  Hunterdon,  to  Pkebe  Reeder,  8  July,  1777.  John, 
of  Hunterdon,  to  Charity  Hunt,  20  Feb.,  1779.  Thomas,  of  Hunterdon,  to  Elisa- 
beth Reeder,  1  March,  1785. 


PHILIP  DUFFORD,  (Tofort,  Tuffort,  Duford,  Dufford.  Deforb) ;  the  name  sug- 
gests a  Huguenot  origin,  perhaps  being  originally  Devoor,  or  DuFour.  (See 
below  for  this  family).  Philip  Tofort,  Sr.,  and  Philip  Tofort,  Jr.,  arrived  at 
Philt...  11  Sept.,  173S,  in  the  ship  Robert  and  Oliver,  with  the  Neighbor,  Weise, 
Terri berry  and  other  German  Valley  families.  Philip  prob.  leased  what  is  now 
the  Nathan  Anthony  property  near  Middle  Valley,  afterwards  occupied  by  his 
son  Jacob  ;  his  will,  dated  15  Feb.,  1767,  prob.  1  Feb.,  1769,  names  w.  Catrina, 
sons  Adam  and  George,  one  dau.,  Mary  Magdalena,  and  grandson,  Jurry  Stuffy 
[George  Stephen],  the  latter  being  a  son  of  Jacob  ;  prob.  had  ch. : 

I.  JACOB,  not  mentioned  in  his  father's  will ;  but  his  son  George  Stephen  is; 
had  ch.: 

(I).  Matthias,  b.  1738,  d.  1818,  Vay  27;  (will  prob.  '818,  Jan.  5),  m. 
Judith  Trimmer,  b.  1746,  d.  1798,  Oct.  18,  at  52  years,  5  months,  18 
days  ;  had  ch. : 

1.  John,  m.  (1),  1791,  Dec.  25,  Ann  Trimmer  (dau.  of  Leonard),  b. 

1770,  Dec.  22,  d.  180«,  Dec.  4,  and  (2),  Margueretta  Swackhamer 
(dau.  of  John  1st) ;  had  ch. :  (1).  Mary ;  (2).  James ;  (31.  Stephen ; 
(4).  Theodore;  (5).  John;  (6).  Annie;  (7).  Jacob,  m.  Jane;  had 
one  child.  John,  b.  1807,  Oct.  12  ;  (8).  Matthias,  b.  1808,  Oct.  14. 

2.  Jacob,  m.  1792,  Jan.  10,  Elisabeth  Hager  (dau.  of  David),  b.  1778  ; 

had  ch. : 

(1).  Map.t,  b.  1795,  Dec.  16,  m.  1813,  Jan.  21,  John  Derryberry  (s. 
of  Philip). 

(2).  John,  b.  1797,  m.  (1),  Sophia  Dufford  (dau.  of  Jacob,  the  s. 
of  George  Stephen) ;  (2)  Mrs.  Elisabeth  Hoffman  (dau.  of 
Henry  H.) ;  (3)  Mrs.  Julia  A.  Hoffman  (dau.  of  Henry  H.) ; 
had  ch. :  Philip,  m.  Mary  Trimmer  ;  Jacob,  m.  (1)  Erne 
line  Trimmer  ;  (2)  Mary  Taylor  (dau.  of  Thomas) ;  Morris, 
m.  (1)  Elisabeth  Skinner  ;  (2)  Mary  Gulick  (dau.  of  John 
William  and  Margaret  Dufford) ;  Elisabeth,  m.  Joseph 
Rice  ;  Mariah,  m.  Nelson  Trimmer  (s.  of  Andrew) ;  Sarah, 
died  young  ;  Sallie,  unmarried  ;  only  child  by  second  wife. 

(ol.  David,  m.  Mary  Derose  ;  had  ch. :  Augustus,  m.  Margaret 
Thomas  (dau.  of  John) ;  Caroline,  m.  D.  H.  Wolfe  ;  Sophia, 
m.  George  Youngs  (s.  of  Stephen) ;  James,  m.  Mary  Hann 

DlJFFORD  343 

(dau.  of  Charles);   George,  uumarried  ;   Clara  Woodr-vff, 

unmarried  ;  Jennie  Meeker,  unmarried. 
(4).  William,  m.  Harriet  Woodruff  ;  res.  at  Newark  ;  had  ch.: 

Theodore,  m.  Jane  Meeker  ;  Mary,  m.  Thomas  Harrison  ; 

Clara,  m.  John  Kessam. 
(5).  Matthias,  m.  Maria  Wise  (dau.  of  Jacob  IB,  whose  second 

husband  was  Morris  Naughright ;  had  ch. :     Man/  Elisa- 

be'h,  m.  Philip  Seneca  Wise. 

3.  Ann,  m.  (3d  w.)  Philip  Kern  is.  of  Christopher). 

4.  Maria,  m.  Daniel  Weyer,  of  Weyertown,  Morris  Co. 

5.  Elisabeth,  m.  Samuel  Schampanore. 

(IB.  George  Stephen,  b.  1741,  d.  1817,  Jan.  23.  will  prob.  1S17,  Feb.  26. 
m.  Ann  Mary  Trimmer  (dau.  of  Matthias  B,  b.  1743,  d.  1*26.  Jan. 
5,  at  S3  years  ;  had  ch. : 
1.  Jacob,  m.  1793,  Jan.  S,  Maria  Wise  ;  ha/1  ch. : 

ll).  John,   m.    Elisabeth    Best;   res.    near    Flanders;   had   ch.: 
James,  m.  a  Drake  ;  Stephen,  m.  a  dau.  of  Jacob  Miller  . 
Alford ;  Mary,  m.  a  Conover  ;  Ann,  unmarried. 
(2).  Philip,  m.   Clarissa  Dickerson  ;   had  ch. :     Elisabeth,  m.  a 
Henry  ;  Mary,  unmarried  ;  Ellen,  m.  Philip  Kara  ;  James 
O.,  d.  in  the  war,  unmarried  ;  Theodore,  rem.  to  West  and 
married  ;  George,  m.   Mary  Cool  (dau.  of  John) ;  Henry, 
went  West :  one  died  in  infancy. 
(3).  William,  m.  Menlda  Wise  (dau.  of  Andrew  and  widow  of 
Andrew  Trimmer);   had  ch. :     Eliphalet  W.,  went  West  ; 
William,  m.  Delia  Hiller  (dau.  of  Rev.  Alfred) ;  Elisabeth. 
m.  L.  Hager  Trimmer  <s.  of  Anthony) ;  Eliza,  m.  Samuel 
(4).  Jacob,   m.   Catherine   Vandervoort  ;  had  ch. :     Ella,   m.    a 

Patterson  ;  William  ;  Benjamin. 
(5).  George,  b.  1794.  m.  Elisabeth   Neighbor  idau.  of   Leonard 
IIB,   b.   1800.      "Lived  several   years  on   Fox  Hill,   then 
returned  to  German  Valley  where  !ie  owned  ioO  acres  of 
land;"  had  ch. : 
(a).  Leonard  N.,  b.  1819,  m.  Jane  Lane. 

(6).  Stephen,  b.  182?,  d. 

(c).  William  G.,  b.  1834,  m.  (1)  Caroline  Welsh  ;  (2)  Mary  Ann 
Hoffman  :  had  ch.  list  wife):  Elisabeth,  who  m.  Daniel 
Spangenberg  (Washington,  N.  J.) ;  (3d  wife)  George, 
Stephen,  Marguerite  Fritts  (died  young),  Caroline,  Hen- 
rietta, Mary,  Jemima,  Anna,  Sarah,  Alice,  Minnie, 
(d).  Lawrence,  b.  1826,   m.  Catherine  Swackhamer  (dau.  of 

Fred.) ;  one  child. 
(e).  Elijah,  b.  1828,  m.  Susan  Swackhamer. 
(/).  Mart  Elisabeth,  b.  1834,  m.  Philip  L.  Welsh, 
(g).  Henry  P.,  m.  (1)  Sarah  E.  Wise  ;  (2)  Laura  Linnell. 
(A).  James,  died  young,  1833. 
It).  George,  b.  1837,  m.  Jane  Heath, 
(j).  John,  b.  1837,  died  young. 

344  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(k).  Sophia,  ra.  Jesse  Smith. 

(fl.  Andrew  P.,  b.  1842,  m.  Philhower. 
(m).  Ann,  b.  1844,  m.  John  E.  Wert. 

(n).  Catherine,  b.  1838,-  m.  Jesse  Smith. 
(6).  Elisabeth,  m.  Joseph  Karr. 
(7).  Mart.  b.  1800,  Jan.  5,  m.  John  Naughright. 
(8).  Sophia,  m.  John  Dufford  (dau.  of  Jacob),  s.  of  Matthias  I. 
(9).  Margaret,  m.  John  W.  Gulick  (s.  of  John  and  Barbara). 

2.  Elisabeth,  m.  Jacob  Kern  (no  children). 

3.  Ann,  b.  1770,  d.  1837,  m.  (I)  John  Neighbor  Is.  of  Leonard  II) ;  had 

one  dau.  who  m.  Daniel  Dilts  3rd,  bro.  of  Jos  ph  ;  and  (2)  Joseph 
Dilts  and  had  one  child,  died  young. 

4.  Sophia,  m.  1798,  Dec.  25,  John  Trimmer,  had  one  girl. 

5.  Magdalene,  m.  Andrew  Wack  (s.  of  Casper). 

6.  Catherine,  ni.  George  Hartrum  (s.  of  George  Ti. 

(III).  Jacob,  b.  1745,  d.  1822,  m.  Elisabeth  Swackhamer  (dau.  of  Samuel), 
b.  174S,  d.  1823,  will  prob.  1823,  Dec.  2  ;  no  children. 
II.  GEORGE,  m.  Catherine  Elisabeth  ;  bad  a  dau.  Catherine,  b.  1752,  con- 
firmed "in  the  Valley,"  1772,  at  IP  years. 
III.  ADAM,  his  name  occurs  1758,  Feb.  16,  on  Tewkabury  twp.  book. 

Quite  a  number  of  'Walloons  and  Huguenots  took  refuge  in  the  Palatinate  about 
l(x>0,  from  religious  persecution  in  France  and  French  Flanders.  They  resided  for 
some  time  in  Mannheim,  the  capital  of  the  Palatinate  of  the  Rhine,  and  at  Franck- 
enthal,  and  from  thence  came  to  England  and  America.  This  was  the  case  with 
the  families  of  Louis  du  Bois,  the  founder  of  New  Paltz  [or  the  New  Palatinate],  N. 
Y.,  and  of  the  Demarest,  De  Vaux,  Hasbrouck,  Le  Febre  and  at  least  nine  other 
families,  who  afterwards  emigrated  to  this  country.  [Baird's  Huguenots,  Vol.  I, 
p.  188],  Some  members  of  the  Lucas  and  Laurent  (Laurens  or  Lawrence)  families 
came  directly  from  La  Rochelle,  in  France,  to  England,  and  from  thence  to  America. 
Frantz  Lucas  and  Johannes  Lorentz,  of  the  2d  Palatine  Emigration,  may  have 
been  originally  from  Rochelle,  having  gone  from  thence  to  the  Palatinate.  Isaac 
Feber  (Le  Fever),  in  the  first  Palatine  emigration,  was  prob.  a  Walloon  relative  of 
the  Simon  Le  Febre  (Le  Fever) ,  who  went  from  French  Flanders  to  Mannheim  and 
then  by  way  of  England  to  New  Paltz.  It  is  therefore  not  at  all  unlikely  that  the 
Toff orts  (Duff orts,  Duffords)  were  originally  DuFours  (De  Voors  or  Du  Fourts)  and 
belonged  to  Mons  in  Hainault. 

DAVID  DU  FOUR  [Dc  Fotjrt,  De  Voor,  Du  Voor]  of  Mons  in  Hainault  [a  prov- 
ince in  the  N.  E.  part  of  France],  came  to  this  country  in  1657  ;  one  of  his  sons 
settled  in  the  vicinity  of  Readington,  although  there  are  now  no  representatives 
remaining  in  this  part  of  New  Jersey.     David  had  children  : 
I.  JEAN,  bap.  in  N.  T.,  1655,  prob.  had  ch.: 
(I).  Rachel,  bap.  23  Feb.,  1687. 
(II).  Arlentje,  bap.  21  Nov.,  1688. 
(III).  Jannetje,  bap.  28  Feb.,  1690. 
(TV).  Theunis,  bap.  12  Feb.,  1696. 
II.  JORIS  [George],  bap.  7  July,  1658. 

III.  PETER,  bap.  15  Oct.,  1662. 

IV.  ADRLEN,  bap.  28  Jan.,  1665. 

[V.  DAVID  (prob.  also  s.  of  David) ;  had  ch. : 

Dufford — Eckel — Ege  345 

(I).  Jannetje,  bap.  20  Jan.,  1695. 
[VI.  DANIEL  Iperh.  also  a  s.  of  David),  perhaps  settled  on  Raritan  before  1720, 
when  his  name  is  found  among  members  Dutch  Church  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  Cornelis,  bap.  26  July,  1696. 

(ID.  Mattheas,  bap.  iSomerville  recordsl  22  Aug.,  1716. 
(III).  Hendrick,  whose  will,  "  Readington,"  prob.  1766,  names  wife  Cath- 
arine, and  ch. : 

1.  Henry. 

2.  Daniel. 

3.  John. 
4    James. 

5.  Elisabeth. 

6.  Rachel. 

7.  Catharine. 

8.  Sarah. 

9.  Lea. 

10.  Ann. 

11.  Margaret. 


HEINR1CH    HAECKEL   [Eckel],  came  from  Germany  about  1750  ;  settled  at 
Hellertown,  Pa.;  had  ch.,  at  least  {Hist.  Hunt,  and  Som.  Cos.,  p.  418): 
I.  JOHN,  m.  in  Pa.,  Mary  Harpell ;  came  to  Alexandria  twp.,  Hunterdon 
Co.,  about  17S0  ;  res.  Mt.  Pleasant,   where   his  descendants  now  live  ; 
had  ch. : 
(I).  HENRY:  hadch.: 

1.  Aaron. 

2.  John. 

3.  Eliza. 

4.  Fanny. 

5.  Peter,  m.  (1)  Sarah  Welch ;  (2)  Emma  Rockafellar  (dau.  of  David 

and  Elisabethl ;  had  ch.,  two  by  each  wife  :     (1).  Elisabeth  ;  (8). 
Ellen;  (3).  Laura  J.;  (4).  P.  Judson. 

6.  Mary  Ann. 

7.  Henry,  m.  Susan  Case   (dau.  of  Godfrey) ;  had  ch.  who  live  in 

Frenchtown  :     (1).  Lydia  and  (2)  Levi 
9.  Samuel. 
9.  George. 
(ID.  PHILIP,  died  young. 
(III).  JOHN. 
(IV).  MARY. 
(V).  HANNAH. 


Ege  Family  of  Pennsylvania. 
MICHAEL  EGE,  of  Carlisle,  Cumberland  Co.,  Penn.,  was  one  of  two  brothers, 
the  name  of  the  other  brother  being  GEORGE,  whose  father  came  from  Ger- 
many [or  Holland  f\  to  X.  Y.,  and  from  there  to  Phila.,  where  he  died.  His 
widow,  after  the  death  of  her  husband,  rem.  to  the  house  of  Mr.  Stujels,  who 
resided  and  owned  iron  works  in  Lancaster  Co.,  Pa.     George,  the  brother  of 

346  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Michael,  settled  in  Heidelberg  twp.,  Berks  Co.,  and  built  in  1793,  the  Reading 
furnace.  lie  was  prob.  Judge  of  the  Eastern  District  of  Pennsylvania  in  1793. 
He  had  at  least  one  daughter  Elisabeth.  The  father  of  these  two  brothers  was 
probably  JOHN  MICHAEL,  who  arrived  in  Philadelphia  from  Germany,  30 
Sept.,  173S,  in  ship  "Nancy, and  Friendship,"  with  BERNARD  and  JACOB 
Ege.  On  the  16  Oct.,  1751,  HANS  GEORGE  Ege  arrived  in  ship  "Duke  of 
Wirtemberg."  There  is  a  tradition  in  the  New  Jersey  family  that  they  had 
relatives  in  Cumberland  Co. ,  Pa.  ADAM  and  MARTIN,  probably  brothers, 
who  were  the  first  of  the  name  in  New  Jersey  were,  therefore,  probably  sons 
by  a  first  wife  of  the  first  John  Michael  ;  and  Michael  and  George,  sons  of  the 
same  by  a  second  wife.  For  a  Michael  Ege,  a  widower,  was  married,  25  July, 
1745,  to  Anna  Catherine  Hoist.  (Records  of  St.  Michael  and  St.  John  Lvth. 
Church,  Phila.,  Pa.)  This  is,  of  course,  simply  a  probable  conjecture.  The 
children  of  John  Michael  would  not  be  named  in  the  list  of  emigrants  if  under 
sixteen.  Adam  of  New  Jersey  had  a  son  (the  eldest) ,  born  1750,  while  the  chil- 
dren of  Michael  of  Carlisle,  Pa.,  were  prob  not  born  before  1780.  Michael,  2d. 
bought  in  April,  17tiS,  twelve-sixte»nths  of  the  Carlisle  iron  works,  and  shortly 
after  became  sole  owner.  "  He  was  one  of  the  most  prominent  iron-masters  of 
Pennsylvania."  Shortly  before  his  death,  which  occurred  31  Aug.,  1815,  he 
owned  the  Carlisle  works,  the  Pine  Grove  furnace.  Holly  furnace  and  Cumber- 
land furnace.  Each  of  these  consisted  of  iron  works  and  two  or  three  thousand 
acres  of  timber  and  farm  land.  Mr.  Ege  was  born  in  Holland  and  emigrated 
with  his  brother  George  to  Berks  county,  and  was  e igaged  in  iron-making 
before  he  bought  the  Carlisle  works.  Ee  built  at  the  latter  place  a  new  metal 
furnace,  a  steel  furnace  and  a  rolling  and  slitting  mill,  probably  just  before  the 
Revolution.  He  also  made  blister  steel  and  cannon  balls  for  the  Revolutionary 
army.  The  manse  house  (near  the  works)  was  built  by  Michel  Ege  in  the  year 
1795,  and  is  one  of  the  handsomest  houses  in  the  county.  In  179S  he  built  the 
new  dam  on  Yellow-breeches  Creek  at  Island  Grove,  and  the  race,  which  car- 
ries the  water  of  that  dam  into  Boiling  Springs.  Michael,  2d,  left  three  sons 
and  two  daughters  : 
I.  PETER,  inherited  from  his  father  the  Pine  Grove  iron  works. 
II    GEOP^GE,  inherited  the  Mt.  Holly  furnace  about  6  miles  from  Carlisle  ; 

had  one  son  and  two  daughters  : 

(I).  Michael  M.,  has  a  son  George  F.  and  three  others. 
(II).  Caroline. 
(III).  A  daughter. 
III.  MICHAEL,  JP*.,   inherited  the  Carlisle  iron  works  ;  married  twice  and 

had  one  child  by  the  first  wife  and  at  least  six  by  the  second  : 

(I).  Oliver,  b.  1799,  d.  9  Aug..  1889  ;  had  eh.: 

1.  Rev  T.  P. 

2.  \lexander  H.,  of  Mechanicsburg,  Pa. 

3.  Annie  E.,  m.  Dr.  S.  Y.  Thompson,  of  Danville,  Pa. 

4.  Francis  H.,  m.  John  E.  Zug,  of  Washington,  D.  C. 
(II).  Andrew  G. 

(III).  Michael. 

(IY).  Charles. 

(Y).  Peter  P.,  b.  23  Nov.,  181S.  d.  1  Jan.,  18S1,  m.  Eliza  A.  Johns  ;  had 
ch. :  Mary  Ann,  b.  20  Aug.,  1850,  m.  Henry  C  Craig  ;  resided  at 
Washington,  D.  C,  has  Albert  Ege  and  Nettie  Amanda  ;  Porter 



F.,  b.  1  April,  1852.  m.  Hattie  EsteUe  Hauptman,  res.  at  Washing- 
ton, D.  C,  has  Ada  Austin  and  PhUip  Henry  ;  Ellen,  b.   11  Aug. 
1863,  m.  George  L  Schuchman,  res.  Carlisle,  Pa.,  has  Mary  E.  and 
George  ;  Ann,  b.  15  March,  1S55,  m.  Fred.  J.  Papst.  of  New  York, 
res.  809  E.  9th  St.,  Kansas  City,  Mo.,  and  has  Frederick  ;  Adam 
Crouse,  b.  24  May,  1858,  d.  20  Sept.,  1860  ;  Ada.  b.  30  June,  1860, 
m.  Jacob  P.  Neibert,  of  Carlisle,  Pa,,  res.  +07  Landis  Court,  Kansas 
City,    Mo.,   and  has  Edith  ;  Laura  Emma,  b.  17  June,  1862,  m. 
Thomas  McGuire,  of  914  Ashland  Ave.,  Baltimore,  Md.,  and  has 
Edward  and  Charles  ;  Edward  Stiles,  b.  8  Sept.,  1865,  m.  Agnes, 
and  res.  in  Chicago  ;  Charles  yesbit.  b.  21  Nov.,   1869,  m.  Leutia, 
res.  in  Altoona,  Pa.,  and  has  Robert. 
(VI).  Edward. 
(VH).  Henrietta,  m  Hon.  Frederick  Watts  and  has  son  Edtvard  Biddle 
Watts,  a  lawyer  of  Carlisle,  Pa. 
IV.  ELIZA,  m.  a  Wilson,  and  inherited  the  Cumberland  iron  works. 
V.  MARY,  m.  11  Jan.,  1816,  William  Chesnut  Chambers  is.  of  Arthur  and 
Ann,  both  of  the  name  of  Chambers) ;  inherited  the  Cumberland  farm 

Eob  Family  of  New  Jersey. 
ADAM  EGE  is  thought  to  have  come  from  Germany  with  two  older  brothers,  at 
13  years  of  age.    He  was  most  probably  a  brother  of  Michael  and  George  of 
Pennsylvania  ;  he  prob.  had  also  a  brother  Martin,  who  was  witness  in  1757  to 
a  deed  from  John  Hobbs  to  Adam  Ege  for  land  in  Hunterdon  Co.,  N  J.    Adam 
was  brought  up  by  John  Hobbs,  who  probably  came  from  Phi  la    to  Am  well 
twp.,  Hunterdon  Co.;  the  latter  being  without  children,  left  all  his  property  to 
Adam  Ege.     He  m.  about  1748.  Margaret  Hunt  idau.  of  Thomas ) ;  had  ch. : 
I.  SAMUEL,  b.  24  June,  1750,  m.  Annie  Titus  (dau.  of  John),  b.  7  June.  1755; 
had  ch. : 

(I).  John,  b.  6  May,  1775,  m.  1801,  Mary  Schenck  (dau.  of  Ralph),  of 
Am  well  twp.,  Hunterdon  Co. ;  had  three  children  : 

1.  Ralph  S.,  b.  Oct.,  1801. 

2.  Anna,  b.  1805. 

3.  Andrew,  b.  16  Feb.,  1813,  m.  16  Nov.,  1836,  Sarah  A.  Voorhees 

(dau.  of ) ;  had  two  ch. : 

(1).  Ralph,   b.  23  Nov.,    1837,   m.    18  Oct.,    1864,    Mary   Emma 
Skillman  (dau.  of  Abraham),  b.   20  May,  1844  ;   had  ch  : 
Albert  A.,  b.  30  Oct.,  1865  ;  Sarah,  b.  18  June,  1868  ;  An- 
drew Howard,  b  6  June,  1870,  d.  26  Oct.,  1891 ;  Ida  S.,  b. 
19  Feb.,  1876  ;  Mary  N.,  b.  28  July,  1880. 
Mr.  Ralph  Ege  belongs  to  the  firm  of  Ege  and  Dye,  of 
Trenton,  domg  business  in  real  estate,  insurance  and  loans. 
He  has  been  a  nil  ng  elder  in  the  Presbyterian  Church  of 
Hopewell,  N.  J.,  for  30  years,  and  Superintendent  of  the 
Sunday  School  for  29  years.     From  this  S.  S.  the  church 
was  organized  twelve  years  ago. 
(2).  Marian,  b.  7  Dec.,  1853. 
(II).  William,  b.  18  Aug.,  1776. 
(HI).  Sarah,  b.  18  Jan.,  1.78. 
(IV).  Andrew,  b.  17  Aug.,  1779. 

348  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(V).  George,  b.  7  Sept.,  1781. 
(VI).  Mast,  b.  16  Aug.,  1783. 
(VII).  Anna,  b.  31  July,  1785. 
(VHI).  Titus,  b.  8  June,  1787. 
(IS)-  Mahala,  b.  16  Feb.,  1794. 
(X).  Nathaniel,  b.  16  Nov.,  1795. 

II.  NATHANIEL,  b. ,  d. ,  m.  Jane  Howell ;  had  ch. : 

(I).  Stephen. 
(11).  Adam. 
(III).  Hannah. 
(IV).  Nathaniel. 
(V).  Jane. 

III.  HARRIET,  b.  ,  d. ,  m.  Uriel  Titus  (dau.  of  ) ;  had  ch. : 

Joseph  Titus,  Margaret  Titus  and  Elisabeth  Titus. 

IV.  JACOB,  b.  ,  d. ,  m.  Elisabeth  Hart  (dau.  of ) ;  had  ch. 

(I).  Mart. 
(H).  Elisabeth. 
(III).  Sarah. 

V.  SARAH,  b.  ,  d. ,  m.  "William  McKinstry  (s.  of ) ;  had  ch. 

William,  Jane,  Elisabeth  and  Margaret  McEinstry. 

VI.  ELISABETH,  b.  ,  d.  ,  m.  Andrew  Hart  (s.  of ) ;  had  ch. : 

Mary,  Hannah,  Adam,  Asa,  Abner.  Sarah,  Amos  and  Rebecca  Hart. 

VII.  GEORGE,  b.  ,  d.  ,  m.  first,  Mary  Quick,  by  whom  six  ch. : 

second,  Mary  Ash  ton,  by  whom  seven  ch. : 

(I)  Joseph. 
(II).  Samuel. 

(HI).  Sarah. 
(TV).  Benjamin  Quick. 
(V).  Jacob. 
(VI).  Elisabeth. 
(VH) .  James  Madison,  first  child  by  second  wife. 
(VIH).  Henry. 
(IX).  George. 
(X).  Hannah. 
(XI).  Lewis. 
(XII).  Andrew. 
(XIII).  Ralph. 
Miscellaneous — John  Jacob  Ege,  m.  12  Nov.,  1758,  Anna  Margaret  Kuemle 
(records  St.  Michael  and  Zion  Church,  Phila  ,  Pa.) 


JACOB,  naturalized  1730  ;  will  dated  Lebanon,  Hunterdon  Co.,  August  14,  prob. 
Nov.  3,  1755,  names  ch. : 
I,  PETER,  perhaps  m.  Elisabeth  and  had  children,  according  to  his  will, 
prob.  1821 : 
(I).  Juliann. 

(II)  Mart. 
(III).  William. 

(TV).  Mrs.  Henry  Johnson  ;  and  other  daus. 

Eich  349 

m.  JACOB,  b.  1743,  May  18,  d.  1819,  Dec.  3,  m.  Margaret,  b.  1761,  May  15,  d. 
1841,  July  19  ;  had  eh. : 
(I).  William,  b.  1790,  Feb.  22. 
(II).  Jacob,  b.  1792,  Jan.  30. 
(III).  Anna,  b.  1794,  July  29. 
(IV).  Eva,  b.  1797,  April  13. 
(V).  John,  b.  1799,  June  9  ;  perhaps  d.  1887  at  87 ;  m.  Mary  Henry,  b. 
1803,  d.  1880  at  77. 
URJE  (GeoboeI  ;  on  West  Jersey  Soc.  Tds,  1735,  m.  Anna  Eva,  and  had  ch. : 
I.  GEORGE,  bap.  Readington,  1731,  Mar.  28. 
II.  PETER  (perh.  s.  of  Uriel,  m.  Elisabeth,  and  had  ch. : 
(I).  Eva,  b.  1779,  Sept.  25. 
(II).  Jacob,  b.  1781,  Nov.  29. 
(UI).  Peter,  b.  1791,  Sept.  7. 
(IV).  Helena,  b.  1794,  June  8. 
(V).  Maria,  b.  1800,  March  24. 
PHILIP,  "Sen."  b.  1715,  April  24,  d.  1788,  Oct.  24,  m.  Eva  Christina  Sharp,  b.  1713, 
d.  1792,  Feb.  12  at  79  :  his  will,  dated  1776,  prob.  1791,  May  11,  names  five  chil- 
dren and  refers  to  others  : 
H,  PAUL, 
m.  EVA. 
IV.  ANNA,  m.  Morris  Alpaugh  prob.  of  Upper  German  Valley. 

V.  ELISABETH,  m.  John . 

VL  WILLLAM,  (perhaps  s.  of  Philip),  m.  Catherine  :  had  ch.  (order  uncertaini : 
(D.  Morris,  m.  Hannah  Bush  idau.  of  Ephraim);  had  ch. : 

1.  Margaret,  b.  1800,  m.  Peter  Souers. 

2.  William  M..  m.  Mary  Crater  (dau.  of  Morris),  b.  1805.  July  9  : 

had  ch. :  1 1) .  Morris,  m.  Charity  Philhower  (dau.  of  Peter) ;  lived 
at  Cokesbury  ;  (2).  Catherine  M.,  m.  George  W.  Bunn  is.  Jacob) ; 
lived  at  Parker,  Morris  Co.;  (3).  John,  died  young;  (4).  Philip, 
died  young  ;  (5).  Hannah,  m.  Richard  Hellebrant  (s.  of  Jacob) ; 
at  Bartley ,  Morris  Co. ;  (6) .  Damd,  died  young  ;  (7) .  George,  died 
young  ;  (8).  William,  m.  Rebecca  Smith  (dau.  of  John):  at  Mt. 
Salem,  Hunterdon  Co. ;  (9) .  Mary  Ann,  m.  Isaac  Hoffman  is.  of 
Jacob) . 

3.  Peter,  m.  Mary  Ann  Eick  (dau.  of  John);  had  ch.*:    (1).  John, 

unmarried  ;  (2).  Mariah,  m.  first,  George  Drake  ;  second,  Cor- 
nelius Byram  ;  (3).  Harvey,  m.  Eliza  Ann  Yawger  ;  (4).  Cath- 
erine, and  (5),  Margaret,  unmarried  ;  (6).  Isaac,  went  West ;  (7). 
Philip  G.,  m.  Mary  Elisabeth  Sutton  (dau.  of  George  B.) ;  (8). 
Jennie,  m.  Peter  D.  Sutphen. 

4.  Ephraim,  m.  Anna  Rowe  (dau.  of  Jacob) ;  res.  at  Flemington. 
(II).  George,  m.  Polly  Tiger. 

(III).  William. 

(TV).  Catherine,  m.  James  Beatty. 
(V).  Annie,  b.  1770,  April  28. 

35°  Early  Germans  of  New   Tersev 

(VI).  Elisabeth,  t>.  1772,  Aug,  23. 
(VII).  Effie,  b.  1777,  Sept.  23. 
VII.  PHILIP,  (prob.  6.  of  Philip),  m.  Lena,  b.  1754,  Mar.  24,  d.  1798,  Nov.  1 ;. 
had  eh. : 

(I).  Eva,  b.  1772,  Oct.  22. 

(II).  John,  m.  Mary  Wyckoff  (dau.  of  John,  prob.  b.  1747,  July  19,  d.  1800, 
Aug.  2  ;  and  his  wife  Alice,  b.  1746,  Sept.  1,  d.  1814,  May  1),  will 
dated,  Franklin  twp.,  Somerset  Co.,  1824,  Jan.  5,  prob.  1827,  Feb. 
9,  names  father-in-law,  John  Wyckoff,  and  the  four  eldest  children  r 

1.  Louisa  F. 

2.  William  G.,  b.  1811,  d.  1847,  April  15,  m  first, ,  b.  1808.  June 

5,  d.  1839,  Nov.  5  ;  second,  Mary,  b.  1815.  May  17,  d.  1842,  Sept.  22. 

3.  Mart  Ann,  m.  Peter  Eick  (s.  of  Morris). 

4.  Philip  L. 
(III).  Garret. 

VIII.  CASPER  (perh.  s.  of  Philip),  m.  Ebigin  ;  will  prob.  1812,  Jan.  25,  names  ch. : 
(1).  Elisabeth,  pern.  b.  1769,  Oct.  20,  m.  Jacob  Walters. 
(II).  Elenor.  b.  1754,  Nov.  24,  d.  1835,  Aug.  21,  m.  Ezekiel  Ayres  (s.  of 
Ezekiel) . 
(HI).  Eva,  m.  William  Headen. 
Miscellaneous  — Hendkick    Eyck  arrives  at  New  York  in  ship  Bontakoe 
(Spotted  Cow),  April,  1660.     He  may  be  the  ancestor  of  the  above  family. 


ANDRIES  supposed  to  be  the  first  of  the  name  in  this  country  ;  is  inhabitant  of 
Gravesend,  L.  I.,  1661  ;  prob.  had  cb. : 
I    HENDRICK  ;  res.  at  Six  Mile  Run,  Somerset  Co.,  N.  J.,  1703. 
H.  ABRAHAM  ;  res.  in  Monmouth  Co.,  1716. 
HI.  JOHN  ;  res.  Gravesend,  1683  ;  prob.  had  son  : 

(I).  John,  of  New  Brunswick,  1717  ;  prob.  m   Rachel  and  had  son  : 
1.  Nicholas,  bap.  Readington,  3  Dec,  1721. 
IV.  BENJAMIN,  of  Six  Mile  Run  in  1717  ;  on  tax  list,  1738,  of  Franklin  twp., 
Somerset  Co. 
NICHOLAS,  voter  of  Readington,  1738,  m.  Ceitzen  and  had  ch.  bap.  at  Readington : 
I.  REBECCA,  bap.  16  May,  1725. 

II.  ABRAHAM,  bap.  3  Sept.,  1727  ;  perh.  m.  Margrietje  Schenck,  and  had 
ch.  bap.  at  Readington  : 
(I).  Neeltje,  bap.  8  April,  1751. 
(II).  Nicholas,  bap.  1  Oct.,  1752. 
(ni).  Anne,  bap.  10  Oct.,  1754. 
(IV).  Saabtje,  bap.  15  Aug.,  1756. 
III.  NEELTJE,  bap.  18  May,  1732. 
JAN  (John),  (perh.  a  bro.  of  Nicholas),  m.  Theuntje  and  had  ch.  bap.  at  Readington: 
I.  JAN,  bap.  31  Jan.,  1731. 
II.  ANNA,  bap.  7  Jan.,  1733. 

III.  JACOBUS,  bap.  26  Oct.,  1735. 

IV.  SARA,  bap.  4  June,  1741. 

V.  ABRAHAM,  bap.  29  Jan.,  1743. 
VI.  JACOB,  bap.  23  March  1746. 
NICHOLAS  [perhaps  the  son  of  Abraham  and  Margrietje,  and  b.  1  Oct.,  1752],  m. 

Emmons — Engell — Eoff  351 

Eanny  ;  owned  large  tract  of  land  at  Hacklebarney,  Chester  twp.,  Morris  Co, ; 
had  ch. : 

I.  ISAAC,  m. Shangle  ;  rem.  to  the  "  Lake  Country,"  N.  Y. 

II.  ELIZA,  m.  Samuel  J.  Yliet. 

III.  MARGARET,  m.  Joseph  Wortman. 

IV.  SALLIE,  m.  Nicholas  Corwin. 

V.  KATIE,  m.  Nathaniel  Skinner. 
VI.  HARRIET,  m.  in  Warren  Co. 

VTL  JEREMIAH,  m.  Sallie  ;  res.  at  Mendham. 
IX.  ABRAHAM,  m.  Hannah  Durling  (Dorland),  dau.  of  Peter. 
Miscellaneous—  NICHOLAS,  of  "Walpack  ;  his  will.  May  IS,  prob.  June  18, 
1791,  names  wife  Catrene  and  ch. :    John,  Alexander,  Sarah,  Catrena,  Elisabeth, 
Lena,  Daniel.     ABRAHAM,  m.  Marregrieta  and  had  ch.,  bap.  at  Readington,  5 
April.  1759,  Catrena.     AN  DRIES,  m.  Saartje  [Sarah]  Van  Duyne  and  had  ch.  bap. 
at  Readington,  Anna,  bap.  16  Sept.,  1753  ;  Cathrya,  bap.  22  Feb.,  1756. 


JOHANNES    ENGEL,   [or  Anuel],   b.    1679  ;   came  to  New  Amsterdam   in  the 
"  Second  Emigration,"  1710,  by  the  help  of  Queen  Anne  ;  prob.  had  ch.  at  least: 
L  JOHN  JACOB,  naturalized  by  act  of  Assembly,  July,  1730,  m.  Elisabeth  ; 
had  ch.  at  least : 

(I).  JOHN,  b.  29  Aug.,  1731,  bap.  at  "  Raghaway  [Rockaway],  on  the 
Raritans,"  by  Lutheran  Minister  of  N.  Y.,  12  Sept.,  1731,  at  14 
days  old. 

II.  WILLIAM,  prob.  bro.  of  John  Jacob,  naturalized  by  act  of  Assembly, 

July,  1730. 


JACOB  EOFF,  Sen.,  perh.  a  son  of  the  widow,  Magdalena  Off,  of  the  2d  Emigra- 
tion, 1710  ;  in  N.  V.  1710  at  age  32 ;  bought  432  acres,  including  the  site  of 
Pluckamin,  from  the  Johnstone,  1742,  built  and  kept  an  inn,  "  afterwards  kept 
by  his  maiden  sister,  Sarah,  then  by  Jacob's  son  Christian" ;  signs  with  Jacob 
Jr.,  subscription  to  Pluckamin  Luth.  Ch.,  1756  :  also  signs  Articles  of  Faith  of 
Luth.  Ch.  of  New  Germantown,  13  May,  1767  ;  his  will,  "  Somerset  Co."  12 
Aug.,  1772,  prob.  10  Sept..  1780,  names  wife  Mary  and  ch.: 
I.  JOHN,  dec.  at  date  of  father's  will  who  names  his  two  small  ch. : 
(I).  Jacob. 
(H).  John. 
H.  PETER,   "innholder;"  prob.   m.  Elisabeth  and  gave   mortgage  3  June, 
1767,  to  Bryan  Lefferty  on  house  in  which  Peter  lived. 


IV.  JACOB,  bap.  (Somerville  records),  13  Jan.,  1728. 
V.  ABRAHAM,  bap.  (Som.  records),  25  Oct.,  1730. 

VI.  ROBERT,  bap.  (Som.  records),  24  May,  1741  ;  his  will  dated  Somerset  Co., 

1813,  prob.  1814,  names  wife  Rachel,  but  no  children. 
VII.  CORNELLS,  bap.  (Som.  records),  18  Dec,  1743. 
VIII.  CHRISTIAN,  kept  inn  at  Pluckamin. 
IX.  MARY  MAGDALEN,  "  called  Lentey." 
X.  MARY. 

352  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 


THOMAS,  b.  1720,  d.  1794  at  74  ;  bought  large  amount  of  land  in  Chester  twp.r 
Morris  Co. ,  including  the  site  of  Chester  Village  ;  came  originally  from  border 
between  France  and  Germany  ;  no  other  family  of  the  name  has  been  met  with ; 
married  first,   Elisabeth   Trimmer   (dau.   of  Anthony,  1st,   who  first  owned 
the  present  Hager  farm  in  German  Valley  and  d.  1754),  b.  1723,  d.  1781  at  58  ; 
appointed  guardian,  1  Nov.,  1770.  of  Anthony  Trimmer,  the  son  of  Anthony  ; 
m.  second,  a  Morehouse,  of  Hanover  twp. ;  had  ch. : 
I.  ISAIAH,  m.  first,  Mehitable  Swayze  (dau.  of   Caleb)  ;   second,   Meritie 
King  ;  third,  Sophia  Hugg  ;  had  21  ch.,  11  by  1st  w.,  2  by  2d,  and  7  by  3d: 
(I).  Elisabeth,  b.  1790,  m.  Dr.  Beavers,  of  Warren  Co. 
(II).  Ruth,  b.  1792,  m.  Zephaniah  Drake  (s.  Jacob  and  Phebe  McCurry). 
(III).  Mehitable,  b  1794,  m.  first,  Stephen  Brown,  of  New  York  ;  second, 

Israel  Lum.  storekeeper  in  Chester. 
(TV).  Ltdia,  b.  1790,  m  a  Swazy  of  upper  New  York  State,  and  rem.  to 

(V).  Thomas,  b.  179S,  m.  Temperance  Emmons   (dau.  of  Abraham)  rem. 
to  Illinois  ;  had  ch.  at  least :  1.  Ann  ;  2.  Mehitable  ;  3.  Isaiah  ;  4. 
Elisabeth,  and  others. 
(VI).  Caleb:  b.  10  July,  1800,  d.  4  March,  1880.  m.  Elisabeth  Overton  (dau. 
of  Rev.  Stephen)  ;  had  ch. :  1.   Theodore  Stephen,  died  young  :  2. 
Sarah   Loui'e,  died  young  ;  3.  Paul   Trimmer,   died  young  ;    4. 
Charles  Marshall,  res.  at  Newark,  unm.  ;  5.  Catherine  Matilda,  m. 
Augustus  Cutler  (s.  of  Silas) ;  6.  Sarah,  m.  Samuel  Thomson  Bray, 
of  Clinton  ;  now  res.  at  Newark. 
(VII).  Isaiah,  b.  1802,  m.  twice  in  Indiana. 

(VIII).  Mary  Ann,  b.  1804,  m.  first,  Robert  Lindsley,  of  Morristown  ;  second, 
William  Lindsley,  of  the  same  place. 
(IX).  Paul  Trimmer,  b.  1806,  m.  first,  Martha  Axford,  of  Warren  Co.; 

second,  the  Widow  Brown,  of  Belvidere  ;  had  one  dau.,  who  died. 
(X).  Benjamin,  born  1808,  died  young. 
(XI).  Infant,  who  died. 
(XII).  Theodore  Wilson,  by  second  wife. 
(XIII).  Infant,  who  died. 
(XTVi.  Charles,  first  child  by  third  wife. 
(XV).  Melissa. 
(XVI).  Harriet. 
(XVII).  Caroline. 

(XVIII)  and  (XIX).  George,  one  of  twins,  the  other  of  whom  died. 
(XX)  and  (XXI).  died  in  infancy. 
H.  ELISABETH  (?),  married  Rev.  Lemuel  Fordham. 

III.  JOHANNA,  m.  Caleb  Dickerson  (s.  of  Philemon  and  Johanna  Swazey). 


V.  A  daughter,  who  married  an  Esta. 


The  name  FARLET  or  FAERLY  first  occurs  in  New  Jersey  in  the  history  of 
the  Presbyterian  Church  of  Ewing  or  Trenton.  In  1709,  March  6,  Alexander  Lock- 
hart  gave  a  deed  for  a  burial  place  and  the  site  of  a  church  to  trustees,  among 

Farley  353 

whom  were  GEORGE  and  CALEB  FARLEY.  These  names  next  occur  on  the 
records  of  the  First  Reformed  Dutch  Church  of  Somerville,  X.  J.  From  these 
records  it  would  appear  that  George  and  Caleb  were  children  of  CALEB. 

As  the  majority  of  the  settlers  of  Ewing  came  from  Long  Island  and  New  Eng- 
land, it  may  be  that  this  family  also  came  from  Massachusetts  and  were  supposed 
to  be  of  German  origin,  only  because  they  married  into  families  of  German  descent. 
GEORGE  FARLEY  (or  Farlo),  of  Woburn,  Mass.,  married  first,  9  April,  1641, 
Christian  Births,  who  prob.  died  soon  after  ;  he  was  a  petitioner  with  many 
others,  in  1655,  for  religious  liberty  ;  removed  to  Billerica  before  1655,  m.  sec- 
ond, 9  Feb.,  1643,  Beatrice  ;  had  children  :    James,  b.  23  Nov.,  1643  ;  Caleb,  b. 
1  April,  1645  ;  Mary,  b.  27  Feb.,  1647. 
CALEB,  1st,  prob.  2d  son  of  George,  of  Billerica  ;  res.  at  Billerica,  Mass. ;  had  at 
least  two  children  :    Ebenezer.  b.  3  April,  1674  and  George,  b.  30  July,  1677, 
both  of  whom  are  born  at  Woburn.     He  rem.  with  part  of  his  family  to  Rox- 
bury,  Mass.,  where  he  died  16  March,  1712.     His  wife,  Lydia,  died  19  Nov., 
[CALEB,  2d  (?)  prob.  s.  of  Caleb,  1st,  and  father  of  George  and  Caleb,  on  Som- 
erville records].     GEORGE,  perh.  s.  of  Caleb  2d,  m.  Femmitie  and  had  at  least 
one  child,  Kelp  [Caleb],  bap.  4  April,  1719. 
CALEB,  3d,   prob.   the  2d  s.  of   Caleb  2d,   m.   Margrietje  ;  had  ch.:     CALEPH 
[CALEB],  m.  Febe  [Phebe]  and  had  at  least,  Margrieta,  bap.  2  Nov,,  1738  ; 
Willem,  bap.  6  Sept.,  1743  ;   Vebe  [Phebe],  bap.  28  April,  1754  ;  MEINDERT. 
MEINDERT  (prob.  s.  of  Caleb,  3d),  bap.  17  Sept.,  1720  (Somerville  records) ;  m. 
Barbara  Van  Dieren,  a  woman  of  notable  piety  who  died  in  the  year  1S08.     His 
will  (Trenton,  Liber  30.  fol.  289),  dated  1  March,  prob.  6  April,  1790,  names  w. 
Barbara  and   Ave   children  :     Caleb,   John,   Isaac,   Joshua  and  Mary.     He 
bought  200  acres  where  Oliver  Farley  lives  in  Tewkesbury  twp. ,  Hunterdon  Co. , 
N.  J.,  then  moved  to  Lamington  on  the  old  Todd  place. 

I.  CALEB,  m.  Gertrude,  and  had  at  least  one  child,  Elisabeth,  b.  25  March, 
1783.     He  lived  in  Northumberland  Co.,  Pa.,  and  Nov.  11,  1809,  appoints 
John  Farley,  his  attorney. 
II.  JOHN,  m.  13  Feb.  1776,  first,  Mary  Klein  (dau.  of  Jacob),  b.  15  Feb.,  1763; 
second,  a  Sunderland  ;  third,  Elisabeth  Heaton  (dau.  of  Jabesh),  d.  1847. 
He  lived  at  Flanders,  N.  J.,  until  his  children  were  all  born,  then  moved 
to  Mountainsville,  and  afterwards  returned  to  Flanders  ;  died  in  Penn. 
while  making  arrangements  to  move  his  family  thither  and  it  was  a  long 
time  before  his  wife  knew  of  his  death  ;  had  nine  children,  four  by  his 
first  wife  and  five  by  his  third  : 
(I).  Jacob,  b.  30  March,  1777. 
(II).  Barbara,  b.  13  Feb.,  1779. 
(III).  Meinhard,  b.  26  March,  1781. 
(IV).  Aaron,  b.  3  Sept.,  1789. 
(V).  Andrew  A.,  b.  1804,  m.  Jane  Bale  ;  had  six  girls  and  six  boys. 
(VI).  Samuel  Sunderland,  b.  1804,  twin  brother  of  Andrew  A. ;  unm. 
(VLI).  Eliza,  b.  1808  ;  unm. 

(VLH1.  Sarah  A.,  b.  1811,  m.  Geo.  P.  Rose  ;  had  eleven  children. 
(IX).  Harriet,  b.  1813,  m.  George  Stover  ;  had  three  children. 
HI.  ISAAC,  lived  near  New  Germantown,  N.  J. :  died  about  1814,  m.  Anna 
Melick  (dau.  of  Tunis  and  Eleanor  Van  Horn),  2  Dec.,  1779  ;  she  died 
about  1831  ;  had  children  (order  uncertain  I : 

354  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(I).  Anthony,  b.  7  Sept.,  1780,  d.  8  April,  1840,  m.  Elisabeth  Sutton  (dau. 
of  Richard  of  Tewkesbury  twp) :  their  ten  children  : 

1.  Richard  S.,  b.  1802,  d.  1881,  m.  Margaret  (dau.  of  Herbert  Apgar) ; 

had  ten  children. 

2.  Isaac,  died  unmarried. 

3.  Eliza,  m.  Samuel  Crooks  and  had  two  children. 

4.  Mercy,  m.  first,  a  Johnson  ;  second,  John  Ryan. 

5.  Mart  Ann,  had  three  husbands. 

6.  Althea,  m.  John  Force,  of  Rochester,  N.  Y. 

7.  Ellen,  res.  Philadelphia,  m.  James  Buist,  and  has  four  children. 

8.  Frances,  m.  'William  Benjamin. 

9.  Anthony,  res.   Scotch  Plains,  N.   J.,  m.  first,  Harriet  Lyons  ; 

second,  Mary  Roll. 

10.  Margaret,  res.  Plainfield,  N.  J.,  m.  first,  John  Meeker  ;  second, 

Charles  Coultier.     (Story  of  An  Old  Farm,  p.  683). 

(11).  Minard,  b.  in  1782,  d.  in  1843,  m.  Mary  Frazer.  b.  in  1783,  d.  in  1849, 

rem.  1828  to  New  York  State,  and  four  years  later  rem.  to  South 

Lyons,  Washtenaw  Co.,  Michigan,  where  he  died  ;  had  9  children  : 

1.  Isaac,  b.  1803,  died  in  infancy. 

2.  David,  b.  1805,  d.  188s,  in.  Rosina  Blackmar,  and  had  4  children 

3.  William,  of  Albion,  Michigan,  b.  1807,  d.  1872,  m.  Sally  Ann 

Ostrom,  and  had  4  children. 

4.  Sarah  F.,  b.  1809,  d.  1852,  m.  Lemuelle  Droelle,  and  had  2  daus. 

5.  Isabel,  b.  1812,  m.  Eli  Smith,  res.  Salem,  Michigan,  has  2  ch. 

6.  Eleanor,  b.  1814,  d.  188*2,  unmarried 

7.  Archibald,  b.  1816  (dec). 

8.  Anthony  M.,  b.  19  May,  1817,  d.  1882,  m.  Rosina  Packard,  and  had 

three  sons. 

9.  Manning  F.,  b.  1820. 

(HI).  William,  dec,  m.  first,  a  Penn.  Quakeress,  by  whom  one  son  Wil- 
liam,  a  Phila.   physician  ;    m.   second,    Anne   Garretson  of  New 
Germantown,  N.  J.,  by  whom  several  children. 
(TV).  Barbara,  m.  Minard  Pickle,  of  White  House,  N.  J.,  dec;  rem.  to 
Ohio,  thence  to  Indiana. 
(V).  Margaret  W.,  b.  27  Dec,  1792,  d.  17  Nov.,  1860,  m.  Joseph  Stevens, 

b.  1792,  d.  1864;  had  ten  children. 
(VI).  Catherine,  m.  Jacob  Hoffman,  of  Lebanon,  had,  1.  Angeline  Hoff- 
man, b.  1825,  d.  1847,  m.  Will  S.  Burrell,  no  children  ;  2.  Hannah 
Hoffman,  m.  Stephen  Jorolamen,  of  Somerville,  had  four  children. 
(VII).  Eleanor,  m.  Aaron  Smock,  and  rem.  to  Ohio. 

(VHI).  Eliza,  b.  1800,  m,  Robert  Blair,  had  three  children  :    1.  William 
Blair;  2.  Lydia  Blair;  3.  Ellen  Blair  ,  res.  Chicago,  HI.,  m.  Mar- 
tin Hoagland,  and  has  three  children. 
(IS).  Mary  Ann,  b.  1802,  d.  1887,  m.  first,  Jacob  Apgar,  b.  1802,  d.  1850,  by 
whom  four  children  ;  second,  Charles  Woolverton,  of  Tewkesbury 
twp.,  Hunterdon  Co.,  N.  J. 
(X).  Charles,  died  in  youth. 
(XI).  Anna,  died  in  youth. 
IV.  MTNDURT,  m.  first,  Mary  Catherine  ("Treenie")  Melick  (dau.  Tunis  and 
Eleanor  Van  Horn),  b.  15  Feb.,  1763,  d.  13  March,  1832,  had  3  children  ; 

Farley  355 

second,  Esther  M.  by  whom  no  children.     Had  children  : 
(I).  Barbara,  b.  22  Dec,  1783,  d.  17  Dec..  Is51,  ra.  Archibald  Kennedy, 
b.  1787,  d.  1857,  their  two  children  : 

1.  Mart  Kennedy,  b.  1806,  d.  1833,  m.  Daniel  K.  Reading,  of  Flem- 

ington,  N.  J. ,  had  one  son  dec. 

2.  Catherine  Kennedy,  b.  1813,  d.  1838,  m.  Rev.  George  F.  Brown. 

of  N.  J.  M.  E.  Conference,  and  had  one  son  dec. 
(II).  Anthony  II.,  b.  1789,  d.  1851,  m.  first,  Keturah  McCullough  (dau.  of 
Col.  William  of  Asbury,  N.  J.)  by  whom  five  children  ;  second, 
Sarah  E.  (dau.  of  Judge  Miller,  of  Ithaca,  N.  Y.)  by  whom  4  ch. : 

1.  William  M.,  died  in  infancy. 

2.  Catherine,  nied  in  infancy. 

3.  Mtnard,  res.  N.  Y.  City,  unmarried. 

4.  William,  res.  New  Germantown,  X.  J.,  unmarried. 

5.  Elisabeth,  res.  Pelhamville.  N.  J.,  m.  George  M.  Galliard,  and 

has  three  children. 

6.  Sarah  H.,  m.  Lyman  Crego. 

7.  Margaret  E.,  m.  Faith  Williams. 
8  and  9.  Two  sons,  died  young. 

(III).  Francis  Asbuby,  M.  D.,  b.  17  April,  1807,  d.  18  Sept.,  1880,  m.  19 
Jan.,  1873  (at  the  age  of  65),  Calvina  (aged  14)  dau.  of  Christopher 
H.  Hageman,  of  Pottersville,  N.  J. ;  no  children. 
V.  MARGARET,  m.  3  Feb.,  1782,  Abraham  Pickel. 
VI.  JOSHUA,  b.  1769,  d.  29  Dec.,  1850  at  the  age  of  81  years,  2  months  and  9 
days,  m.  Hannah  Sutton  (dau.  of  Aaronl,  b.  16  Feb.,   1775,  d.   17  Dec., 
1822,  at  the  age  of  47  years,  10  months  and  1  day  ;  had  children  : 
(I).  Aaron  S.,  b.  1795,  July  8,  d.  9  Feb.,  1825. 

ill).  Mindurt,  m.  Providence  Abel  (dau.  of  Jacob  and  Charity  Pickel) ; 
had  ch. : 

1.  Mary,  m.  first,  Will  Johnson  ;  second,  Simon  Fisher. 

2.  Joshua,  m.  Rachel  Philhower  (dau.  of  Aaron) ,  the  parents  of  Mrs. 

Henry  Todd,  of  German  Valley,  X.  J. 

3.  Hpldah,  m.  Elijah  Swarts,  of  Illinois. 

4.  Charlotte,  m.  George  Hoffman  (s.  of  Peter  F.). 

5.  George,  m.  Mary  Ann  Eick  (dau.  Jacob  and  Elisabeth  Alpaughi. 

6.  Harry,  of  Philadelphia,  unmarried. 

7.  Hannah,  m.  John  M.  Apgar  (s.  of  Herbert). 

8.  Aahon,  m.  Huldah  Apgar  (dau.  of  Matthias,  s.  of  Jacob). 

(III).  Oliver  W.,  b.  Nov.  10, 1813,  d.  26  Nov.,  1890,  m.  1,  Anna  Apgar  (dau. 
of  Nicholas) ;  2d ;  had  children  by  first  wife  : 

1 .  Hannah,  m.  Henry  F.  Apgar  (s.  of  William) ;  res.  Flemington. 

2.  Jemima  D.,  m.  William  C.  Apgar  (s.  of  William  C). 

3.  A  aron,  m.  Anna  Rockef ellow. 

4.  Joseph  C,  the  widely  known  merchant  of  Mountainville,  who  is 

also  a  most  skillful  auctioneer,  and  frequently  called  upon  to  set- 
tle up  estates,  m.  Catherine  A.  Apgar  (dau.  of  David  F.). 

5.  Frances  Ann,  d.  at  11  ;  and,  6,  Mary  L.,  d.  at  3. 

7.  Oliver  Amandus,  m.  Angeline  Potter  (dau.  of  Jacob  M.). 

8.  Francis  A.,  m.  Marietta  Crater  (dau.  of  Jacob  K.). 

9.  William  A.,  m  Emma  Waldron  (dau.  of  Henry). 

356  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

(TV).  Mercy,  b.  1799,  d.  1847  at  48  years  of  age,  m.  Charles  Woolverton. 
(V).  Elisabeth,  m.  William  Woolverton. 
(VI).  Hannah,  m.  David  Ulp. 
(VII).  Hr/LDAH,  m.  Samuel  I.  Houseworth. 
(VIII).  Mary,  m.  John  Woolverton. 
(IX).  Charlotte,  m.  Jesse  Reed. 
(X).  Barbara,  m.  Richard  Woolverton.    All  the  preceding  six  daughters 

of  Joshua  removed  to  Pennsylvania. 
(XI).  Marquise  de  Lafayette,  m.  Jane  McOatherine. 
(XII).  Isaac  N.,  m.  Catherine  Swazey. 
(XIII).  Theodore  F.,  m.  twice,  the  first  time  a  Wean. 
(XIV).  Emaline,  m.  a  Hagamen. 
(XV).  Elsie  Jane,  m.  a  Harzel. 
(XVI).  Harriet,  m.  Silas  Hockenburry  (s.  of  Joseph). 
(XVII).  Lydia,  m.  James  Brown  (s.  of  John). 
VII.  MARY,  m   Conrad  Apgar  ("Tanner  Coon,"  s.  of  John  Adam,  1st);  she 
died  Feb.,  1808. 


JOHN  FARROW,  of  Hingham,  Mass.,  came  from  Hingham,  Eng.,  in  1635,  with 

wife,  Francis,  and  one  chUd,  Ma  y  [id.   7  July,  1687],  had  ch. :  1.  Mary,  m. 

first,  25  Oct.,  1649  (?),  Stowell  ;  second,  10  April,  1689,  Joshua  Beal  ;  2.  John, 

b.  6  June,  1639 ;  3.  Remember,  bap.  Aug.,  1642,  m.  1  Feb.,  1660,  Henry  Ward  ; 

4.  Hannah,  b.  9  April,  1648,  m.  6  June,  1674,  Nathaniel  Folsom  ;  5.  Nathan,  b. 

17  Sept.,  1654. 
JOHN,  2d  (s.  of  John),  b.  6  June,  1639,  m.  first,  Hilliard;  second.  16  Nov.,  1691, 

;  had  ch.:   1.  Mary,  b.  25   Oct.,   1665  ;    2.    Hannah,  b.  8  Dec,  1667  ;   3. 

Abigail,  b.  27  Jan.,  1670  ;  4.  John,  b.  8  Dec,  1672  ;  5.  Esther,  b.  28  June,  1675  ; 

6.   William,  b.  17  Nov.,  1677  ;  7.  Friscilla,  b.  1679  ;  8.  Remember,  b.  3  Feb., 

1682  ;  9.  Sarah,  b.  29  Aug.,  1685. 
NATHAN,  (bro.  of  John,  2d),  b.  17  Sept.,  1657  ;  m.  first,  Mary  Garnett,  d.  27  Feb., 

1710  ;  second,  Joanna  May  (dau.  of  Samuel  and  widow  of  Francis  Gardner,  and 

afterwards  of  Thomas  Whiton),  d.  18  Oct.,  1715  ;  had  ch.:  1.  Francis,  b.   16 

Dec,  1684  ;  2.  Christian,  b.  13  Oct.,  1686  ;  3.  Jonathan,  b.  20  June,  1689 ;  4. 

Benjamin,  b.  1692  ;  5.  Nathan,  b.  29  April,  1695. 
GEORGE,   of  Ipswich,  Mass.,   in   1637,  m.  16  Feb.,  1644,  Ann  Whitmore  (prob. 

dau.  of  John) ;  had  ch.:  1.  Mary,  b.  6  Jan..  1645  ;  2.  Martha,  b.  25  Feb.,  1647  ; 

3.  George,  b.  9  May,  1653. 
WILLI  A.M  FARROW  (perhaps  a  grandson  of  one  of  the  last  generation  of  the 

preceding),  of  twp.  Egg  Harbor,  Burlington  Co.,  N.  J.,  in  his  will,  dated  7  May, 

1788,  prob.  9  Sept.  1795,  names  w.,  Margaret,  and  children  : 
I.  SARAH,  m.  Moses  Robins. 
II.  MARTHA,  m.  Solomon  Leeds. 

III.  ANN,  unmarried. 

IV.  MARGARET,  unmarried. 

["  Capt."?]  JAMES  FARRAR  (perhaps  a  nephew  of  William),  owned  a  lot  in  Flem- 
ington  as  early  as  1775  ;  m.  Margaret,  and  had  his  first  child,  Delia,  bap.  by  the 
Episcopal  Minister  of  Bethlehem  twp.  17  May,  1772.  Farrar  is  probably  the 
same  as  Farrow.    Some  members  of  this  family  removed  with  the  Swayzys 

Farrow  357 

and  others  to  Western  Florida  (now  Mississippi)  in  1772,  and  others  removed 
to  Shamokin,  Perm 
MOSES   FARROW  (a  grandson  of  Capt.   James  Farrow),  b.  Bethlehem,  X.  J., 
engaged  in  his  early  days  in  a  drug  store  in  New  York  ;  rem.  to  Bethlehem, 
Hunterdon  Co.,  N.  J.,  whee  he  spent  the  balance  of  his  life  in  the  drug  busi- 
ness, being  also  a  manufactuer  of  medicines  ;  b.  9  March,  1809,  d.  1  Aug.,  1891, 
aged  82  yrs.,  4  mos.  and  22  days ;  m.  first,  15  Nov.  1834.  Caroline  Smith  (dau. 
of  Joseph  Smith  and  Ann  Elisabeth  Andres),  b.  16  Nov  ,  1818,  d.  7  Sept.,  1850, 
aged  31  yrs.,  9  mos.  and  21  days  ;  second,  12  Aug.  1852,  Rebecca  Bass  (born  a 
Smith,  half  sister  of  his  first  wife,  and  widow  of  Charles  Bass),  b.  22  Dec., 
18  25,  d.  15  Dec.,  1873,  aged  67  yrs.,  11  mos.  and  24  days.     Dr.  Moses  Farrow's 
mother.  Catherine,  was  b.  3  Sept.,  1785,  d.  I  Jan.,  1836.     M.  Farrow  had  ch.: 
I.  ANN  ELISABETH,  b.  8  Jan.,  1836,  d.  23  April,  1852,  aged  16  years. 
II.  WILLIAM  BURGER,  a  farmer,  res.  at  West  Portal,  N.  J.,   b.   22   Sept., 
1 837,  m.  Elisabeth  Williamson  ;  has  one  child,  a  daughter. 

III.  CLARKSON,  a  druggist,  res.  at  West  Portal.  N.  J.,  b.  24  April,  1839,    m. 

Alice  Housel. 

IV.  CATHERINE,  b.  20,  Nov.  1840,  m.  8  Dec.,  1860,  T.  B.  Lake,  resides  at 

Belvidere,  N.  J. 
V.  SARAH  JANE,  b.  25  Sept.  1842,  d.  15  June,  1857,  aged  14  years. 
VI.  LEVI,  M.  D.,  read  medicine  with  Dr.  John  Blane  at  Perryville,  N.  J. ; 
graduated  from  the  Medical  department  of  Columbia  College,  March, 
1865  ;  practised  one  year  with  Dr.  John  Blane  ;  began  practice  5  Feb. , 
1866,  at  Middle  Valley,  Morris  Co.,  N.  J.,  where  he  now  resides.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  Morris  County  Medical  Society  ;  has  been  its  secretary 
since  1886.  and  its  president  since  1891.  Dr.  Farrow  began  his  work  in  this 
vicinity  at  an  early  period  of  his  life  (at  22),  with  his  youth  and  youthful 
appearance  against  him,  but  rapidly  grew  into  the  confidence  and  esteem 
of  the  community.  At  the  very  beginning  of  his  course  he  took  a  very 
active  interest  in  the  work  of  the  Presbyterian  Church  of  (ierman 
Valley.  Notwithstanding  the  claims  of  a  growing  practice,  he  has 
always  been  one  of  the  most  regular  attendants  upon  Church  service. 
sometimes  beginning  his  visits  upon  the  sick  at  6  o'clock  on  Sabbath 
morning,  in  order  to  have  time  for  attendance  at  morning  service.  He 
was  elected  and  ordained  a  ruling  elder  of  the  above  church  26  May, 
1872,  and  has  been  ever  since  most  active  and  influential  in  that  im- 
portant position.  His  marked  characteristics  as  a  physician  are  faith- 
fulness, promptitude,  cheerfulness  and  honesty  ;  and  in  other  relation- 
ships, his  enterprise,  generosity,  sound  judgment  and  energy  are  in 
continual  demand,  and  have  helped  to  make  successful  more  than  oue 
movement  of  public  advancement  and  reform.  Dr.  Farrow  was  born 
25  April,  1844,  m.  20  Oct.,  1869,  Alice  Trimmer  (dau.  of  Anthony  and 
Mary),  b.  1850,  d.  10  Jan.,  1892  ;  had  ch. :  Joseph  Rusting  Smith  Farrow, 
M.  D.,b.  2  Oct.,  1870  ;  graduated  from  the  Long  Island  College  Hospital 
1892  ;  res.  at  German  Valley,  where  he  is  practising  his  profession  ; 
Frank  Pierce  Farrow,  D.D.  S.,  b.  1  April,  1872  ;  graduated  from  the 
Pennsylvania  College  of  Dental  Surgery,  1893,  and  is  now  engaged  in  his 
profession  at  Washington,  Warren  Co.,  N.  J.;  John  Wesley  Farrow,  b. 
27  Oct.,  1873,  d.  15  Nov.,  1874,  aged  1  yr.  and  18  days  ;  LueUa  Weise 
Farrow,  b.  9  Sept.,  1875  ;    Charles  Alden  Farrow,  b.  10  Sept.,  1881,  d.  8 

35S  Early  Germans  of  New  Jersey 

Dec.,  1881,  aged  2  mos.  and  28  days. 
VII.  JOSFPH  S.,  M.  D..  b.  20  March,  1846,  d.  at  Flanders,  N.  J.,  1  Sept.,  1888,  aged 
42  yrs. ,  5  mos.  and  20  days  ;  was  a  practising  physician  ;  graduated  from 
the  Medical  department  of  the  New   York  University  ;  m.  Elisabeth 
Naughright  (dau.  of  Jacob,  of  Naughrightville) ;  has  a  son,  Jacob  Willard, 
a  medical  student. 
VIII.  BARNET    A.   S.,   b.  15  June,  1848  ;  a  traveling  salesman  ;  res.  at  Glen 
Gardner  ;  m.  Catherine  Rounsavel  ;  four  ch.  living. 
IX.  JAMES  RTJSLING,  b.  10  Aug.,  1850,  d.  15  Sept..  1850,  aged  5  weeks  and 
1  day.     By  s,  -nnd  wife  : 
X.  EMMA,  b.  30  May,  1853,  m.  28  Oct.,  1874,  C.  W.  Gano;  res.  at  Norton,  N.  J. ; 

no  children. 
XI.  ANNA,  b.  24  Sept.,  1855,  d.  19  Dec.,  1881  ;  res.  at  Bloomsbury,  N.  J. ;  unm. 
XII.  FRANKLIN  PIERCE,  b.  March,  1857,  d.  10  Dec.,  1881,  aged  24  years. 

XIII.  MARY,  b.  9  Dec.,  1859,  m.  26  May,  1880,  C.  W.  Vannatta ;  res.  at  Philips- 

burgh,  N.  J. ;  three  children  living. 

XIV.  EDWIN,  M.  D.,  b.  2  Nov.,  1861  (a  twin  bro.  of  Ella),  m.  19  March,  1887, 

Grace  Hammond  ;  graduated  from  College  of  Physicians  and  Surgeons, 
New  York,  has  ch.,  two  boys  and   one    girl  ;    practices    medicine    at 
Peapack,  N.  J. 
XV.  ELLA,  b.  2  Nov.,  1861  (twin  sister  to  Edwin),  m.  F.  McCrea,  a  school- 
teacher (dec. I ;  res.  at  Bloomsbury,  N.  J. ;  has  a  dau.,  Florence. 


JOHN,  of  Greenwich  twp.,  Sussex  Co. ;  his  will,  27  April,  1789,  prob.  17  May,  1790, 
names  children  : 
I.  DANIEL  "only  son." 
n.  MARY,  dau.  of  Jacob  Minier. 
III.  CATHERINE,  m.  Henry  Dislandeed  ?  [illegible];  had  ch.: 
(1).  Henry. 
ill..  Elisabeth. 
(III).  Mart. 
(TV).  Peter. 
Witnesses  were  Valentine  Biddleman,  John  and  Henry  Winter. 


DAVID  FELMLEY  (sometimes  spelled  Faermly),  b.  1756  (?),  m.  first, ,  d.  1782; 

second,  Sophia  Sidells  ;  he  owned  about  500  acres,  a  still  works  and  tannery 
one  mile  east  of  Cokesbury  ;  had  ch. : 
I.  MARY  (only  child  by  the  first  wife),  b.  10  July,  1782. 
H.  JACOB,  b.  27  June,  1789. 

HJ.  MOSES,  b.  2  Nov.,  1789,  d.  16  Nov.,  1819,  m.  Mary  Mellick  (dau  of  Peter) 
b.  4  April,  1786,  d.  4  Aug.,  1868  ;  had  ch. : 
(I).  Da  vtd,  b.  30  Sept.,  1810,  m.  Sarah  Logan  (dau.  of  Major  John) ;  rem. 

to  Illinois. 
(II).  Susanna,  b.  10  Nov.,  1812,  m.  Morris  Welsh  (s.  of  Jacob). 
(III).  Peter  M.,  b.  30  Nov.,  1814,  m.  Gertrude  Smith  (dau.  of  Zacharias). 
(IV).  John  S.,  b.  5.  Nov.,  1816,  m.  first,  Ann  Stothoff  (dau.  of  Henry); 
second,  Ellen  Voorhees  (dau.  of  Garret) . 
(V).  Anthony,  b.  29  May,  1818,  d.  2  Dec.,  1873,  m.  first,  Catherine  Van 

Felmley — Fields  359 

Dyke  (dau.  of  John) ;  second,  Margaret  Cortelyou  (dau.  of  Henry) ; 
third,  Adeline  Park  (dau.  of  James).    There  were  twin  children  of 
Moses  who  died  young. 
TV.  JOHN,  b.  9  March,  1792,  m.  Hannah  Adams  ;  had  ch. : 

(I)-  John  Crawford,  m.  Lydia  Hoffman  (dau.  of  Peter,  1st) ;  she  m.  2d 
a  Tiger,  and  3d  Nicholas  Apgar, 
(II).  Moses,  m.  Mary  Ann  Fox. 
(III).  Catherine,  m.  Peter  Everitt. 
(IV).  Sophia,  m.  Ebbe  Tiger  ^dau,  of  Jacob). 
(V).  Mart,  m.  Joseph  Biglow. 
V.  SARAH,  b.  16  April,  1794,  m.  Jonathan  Barkman. 
VL  ANDREW,  b.  7.  Nov.,  1796. 

VH.  MARGARETTA,  b.  31  Dec.,  1797,  m.  John  Alpaugh  (3.  of  William*. 
VHI.  CATHERINE,  b.  2  June,  1800,  m.  William  C.  Apgar  ("Pony  Bill,"  s.  of 
Conrad  and  Elisabeth  Cramer). 
IX.  DAVID,  b.  29  Oct.,  1805,  lived  in  the  old  parsonage,  m.  first,  Wyckotf ;  sec- 
ond, a  Line  ;  third,  Mrs.  Ginthro  (born  a  Stillwell) ;  had  ch.: 
(I).  Peter  Wyckoff.  m.  Margaret  Condit. 
(H).  Pohlman,  :ii.  Kate  Honeyman. 
(III).  Emaline,  m.  Cornelius  Voorhees. 
(IV).  Margaret,  m.  Edward  Barry. 
X.  SOPHIA  ANN,  b.  7  Sept.,  1809,  m.  George  PhUhower  (s.  of  Peter);  lives 

near  Irvington,  N.  J. 
XI.  JAMES  PARKER,  b.  12  Aug.,  1812,  went  West. 

XIL  WILLIAM,   m.    Ruth   Apgar   (dau.    Herbert),   went  West;  had  at   least 
Herbert,  John  and  David. 


JOHN,  b.  1659,  was  a  grandson  of   ROBERT,  b.   1610,  who  is  supposed  to  have 

come  to  Rhode   Island  with   Roger  Williams.     In   1645,   Robert   Field,   with 

fifteen  associates,  obtained  from  Governor  Kiett,  a  large  area  of  land  in  Long 

Island,  including  the  site  of  Flushing.     John,  of  New  Jersey,  was  the  fifth  in 

descent  from   the   famous  astronomer,  JOHN,   b.  1525.  who   introduced   the 

Copernican  system  of  astronomy  into  England.     For  this  he  received  a  patent 

of  nobility.     The  family  trace  their  descent  from  Hubertas  de  la  Feld  (i.  e.. 

Field,  cleared  land  in  distinction  from  the  forest) ,  who  held  lands  in  Lancaster 

Co.,  England,  in  the  third  year  of  William  the  Conqueror  [1069  (]    John  bought. 

14  Dec.  1695,  1055  acres  in  Somerset  Co.,  commencing  one  mile  below  Bound 

Brook,  extending  for  two  and  one-half  miles  along  the  Kan  tan.  and  one  and 

and  one-half  miles  inland  (Story  of  an  Old  Farm,  p.  177)  ;  prob.  had  ch.  at 

least  : 

I.  JEREMIAS,  m.  Mareitje  Van  Vechten  (dau.  of  Michael  1st.  and  widow 

of  Albert  Ten  Eyck),  b.  8  Oct.,  1687  ;  had  ch.  (all  but  first  two  on  Somer- 

ville  Church  Records) : 

(I).  Jeremiah,  b.   (or  bap.)  1713  ;   prob.   m.   Femmetje,  and  had  ch., 

Theunis,  bap.  30  April,  1740. 
(II).  John,  b.  (or  bap.)  1714  ;  prob.  m.  Elisabeth,  and  had  ch.,  Mary,  bap. 

7  Sept.,  1745. 
(III).  Michiell,  bap.  22  Aug.,  1716. 
(IV).  Margrietien,  bap.  15  Oct.,  1717. 

360  Early  Germans  of  New  Jerset 

(V).  Marytie,  bap.  13  Oct.,  1719. 
(VI).  Mama,  bap.  10  Dec.,  1720. 
(VII).  Michael,  bap.  17  March,  1723. 
(VIII;.  Benjamin,  bap.  12  May,  1725. 
(IX).  Dirck  [Richard],  bap.  11  Dec.,  1726  ;  prob.  had  ch.  at  least : 

1.  Jeremiah,  b.  1753 ;  bought  103  acres  in  Bedminster  twp.  from 
Daniel  Heath,  6  Feb.,  1790  ;  m.  Jane  Ten  Eyck  (dau.  of  Captain 
Jacob) ;  had  ch.: 

(1).  Richard  J.,  b.  12  Sept.,  1785,  d.  6  May,  1871  ;  m.,  22  Dec., 
1808,  Mary  Kline  (dan.  of  Jacob),  b.  17  April,  1791,  d.  15  Jan.T 
1869  :  had  ch.  {Story  of  an  Old  Farm,  p.  651) :     (a) .  Jeremiah 
R.,  b.  16  Dec.,  1809,  d.  2  Feb.,  1856,  m.  Margaret  W.  Telfair, 
of  New  York  ;  (b).  Phebe  Maria,  b.  18  Nov.,  1811,  d.  8  March, 
1889,  m.  Henry  Cornell  Brokaw  ;  (c).  Jacob  K.,  b.  31   Jan.. 
1814,  m.  Rebecca  J.  Stewart .  (rf).  Jane,b.  16  March,  1X16,  d. 
16  Dec.,  1857,  m.  Henry  H.  Garreteon  ;  (c),  Richard  R.,  b.  8 
March,  1818,  m.  his  cousin,  Margaretta  Miller  (dau  of  Jacob 
B..  of  Morris  Co.,  N.  J.);  (/).  Benjamin  M.,  b.  1  May,  1820, 
m.  Helen   M.  Field  (dau.  of  John  D.)  ;  (g\.  Rachel  D.,  b.  5 
June,  1823,  d.  12  May,  18  1,  m.  James  Polhemus  ;    (h).  John 
K..  b.  27  Dec,  1825,  m.  Lueinda  Whitehill ;  (1).  Isaac  N.,  b. 
4  May,  1828,  m.  MaryDutcher  (daughter  of  Jacob  C);   (J), 
Peter,  b.  17  Nov.,   1830,  m.    Helen  C.    Shipman    (dau.    of 
Chauncey  N.)  ;  (k).   William  B.,  b.  16  Sept.,  1834,  m.  Harriet 
E.  Boyd. 
(2).  Michael  T.,  b.  4  Oct.,  1789,  d.  1  Aug.,  1871  ;  res.  at  White 
House,  m.  Fanny  Traphagen  (dau.  of  Roelof) ;  had  ch. :  (a). 
Jeremiah,  m.  Mary  A.  Welsh  (dau.  of  William  and  Marga- 
ret Leek) ;  (6).  Richard,  m.  Nancy  Aller  ;  (c).  John  Depew; 
(d).  Michael ;  (e).  Henry. 
(3).  Jeremiah. 
(4).  Jacob  Depew. 
(5).  Margaret. 
(6).  Elisabeth. 
(7).  Polly. 
(8).  Jane. 
(X).  Sara,  bap.  Dec,  1728. 
(XI).  Antje,  bap  27  Dec,  1730. 


HENDRICK  FISHER  was  born  in  1697,  according  to  some  historians  in  Bound 
Brook,  N.  J.,  but  according  to  other  and  more  reliable  historians  his  birthplace 
was  in  the  Palatinate,  Germany.  He  came  with  his  father's  family  to  America 
in  1703.  His  father  purchased  a  house  and  considerable  land  of  William 
Dockwra  this  same  year,  on  the  south  bank  of  the  Raritan  River  near  Bound 
Brook,  on  the  road  leading  to  New  Brunswick.  The  house  was  built  by  Dock- 
wra in  1688  and  is  now  occupied  by  William  Voorhees.  It  was  at  one  time 
owned  by  Capt.  Creighton  McCrea,  son  of  the  Rev.  James  McCrea  who  preached 
in  the  Presbyterian  Church  of  Bound  Brook,  and  brother  to  Jennie  McCrea 
whose  tragic  death  at  Fort  Edward  during  the  Revolution  is  well  known. 

Fisher  361 

Hendrick  Fisher  was  a  mechanic  by  trade,  but  a  man  of  more  than  ordinary 
intelligence  and  with  a  wonderful  business  capacity.  He  was  held  in  the  high- 
est esteem  by  his  fellow  citizens,  and  held  for  many  years  the  highest  positions 
in  the  Colony  of  New  Jersey  and  in  the  church  of  which  he  was  a  member.  He 
united  with  the  Reformed  Church,  of  New  Brunswick,  in  1721,  during  the  pas- 
torate of  Rev.  Theodore  Frelinghuysen.  The  next  year  in  1722  he  was  elected 
Deacon,  and  held  this  office  for  two  terms.  In  1727  he  was  elected  Elder,  and 
was  re-elected  for  seven  different  terms.  He  was  a  regular  attendant  on  all 
Ecclesiastical  conventions,  and  exerted  a  great  influence  in  the  establishment 
of  the  Reformed  Protestant  Dutch  Church  in  America.  He  was  appointed 
Catechist  and  Lay  Preacher  as  an  assistant  to  Rev.  Mr.  Frelinghuysen.  Some 
of  his  published  sermons  had  a  large  circulation  among  the  people,  and  were 
valuable  for  their  doctrinal  and  spiritual  truths.  In  civil  life  no  man  in  all 
New  Jersey  wa6  more  influential  than  Hendrick  Fisher.  He  was  elected  as  a 
member  of  the  Colonial  Assembly  of  New  Jersey  from  Somerset  Co.  in  1745, 
and  was  re-elected  t